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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 679-688, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876508

ABSTRACT

Neuropathic pain (NP) is a medical problem that has been bothering human beings and seriously affects people's quality of life. Although great progress has been made in the study of NP in recent years, there are still many patients who are ineffective to the existing treatments. At present, drug therapy is still the main method to relieve pain, however, adverse drug reactions has hindered the curative effects of drugs. It is extremely urgent to find new drug targets and reduce the adverse effects of existing drugs. This review will mainly describe the current situation and pathogenesis of neuropathic pain, effectiveness and limitations of existing drugs for treating neuropathic pain, and the current status of drug discovery.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829011

ABSTRACT

Objective@#High PM concentration is the main feature of increasing haze in developing states, but information on its microbial composition remains very limited. This study aimed to determine the composition of microbiota in PM in Guangzhou, a city located in the tropics in China.@*Methods@#In Guangzhou, from March 5 to 10 , 2016, PM was collected in middle volume air samplers for 23 h daily. The 16S rDNA V4 region of the PM sample extracted DNA was investigated using high-throughput sequence.@*Results@#Among the Guangzhou samples, , , , , and were the dominant microbiota accounting for more than 90% of the total microbiota, and was the dominant gram-negative bacteria, accounting for 21.30%-23.57%. We examined the difference in bacterial distribution of PM between Beijing and Guangzhou at the genus level; was found in both studies, but was only detected in Guangzhou.@*Conclusion@#In conclusion, the diversity and specificity of microbial components in Guangzhou PM were studied, which may provide a basis for future pathogenicity research in the tropics.


Subject(s)
Air Microbiology , Air Pollutants , Bacteria , Classification , China , Cities , Environmental Monitoring , Microbiota , Particle Size , Particulate Matter , RNA, Bacterial , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698540

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The effect of extracellular matrix on stem cells is the focus of tissue engineering. However, there are few reports about the synthesis and secretion of extracellular matrix as well as its effects on cells. OBJECTIVE: To isolate, culture and identify rabbit bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs), and to explore the changes of extracellular matrix and whole structure under the intervention of ascorbic acid. METHODS: Rabbit BMSCs were isolated by differential adherent method of the bone marrow, and the expression of CD44, CD45 and CD31 was identified by flow cytometry. The BMSCs were cultured in the culture medium containing 20 mg/L ascorbic acid. Then the cell morphology, gross structure, ultrastructure, and histological changes of BMSCs were observed. The expression of extracellular matrix related genes was detected by RT-PCR. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Over 95% passage 2 BMSCs could express CD44, but the expression levels of CD45 and CD31 were extremely low. Intervention with ascorbic acid enhanced the proliferation of BMMSCs with unclear cell boundaries. A cell-sheet structure formed at 10-14 days after intervention. Hematoxylin-eosin staining results showed a layered cell arrangement, and Masson staining findings showed a large amount of extracellular matrix composition. Abundant endoplasmic reticula and vesicle-like structure were observed under the transmission electron microscope. RT-PCR findings showed that ascorbic acid significantly increased the expression of fibronectin mRNA in the BMSCs (P < 0.05), but slightly increased the mRNA expression of collagen type I. All these findings indicate that ascorbic acid not only increases the proliferation and transformation of rabbit BMSCs, but also promotes the synthesis and secretion of extracellular matrix, which has great potential in tissue engineering applications.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771729

ABSTRACT

Epoxy ether type and isophthalene type saponin are the main saponins of Bupleurum chinense. However,due to the difference of their UV spectrum,there is no quantitative method for simultaneous determination of these two kinds of saponins. In this paper,a dual-wavelength high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) was developed for simultaneous determination of five saponins in epoxidized ether(saikosaponin a,c,d) and isosorbide type(saikosaponin b1,b2). The mobile phase was eluted with acetonitrile-water(0.1% phosphoric acid) gradient at a column temperature of 30 °C and a flow rate of 1.0 mL·min⁻¹. The detection wavelengths were 208 nm for saikosaponins a,c, and d, and 254 nm for saikosaponins b₁ and b₂. The results showed that the separation of five kinds of saikosaponin was good, with the linear range of 9.70-1 935.00(=0.999 4),8.20-1 380.00(=0.999 3),6.90-1 640.00(=0.999 0),5.25-630.00(=0.999 4), and 5.15-618.00 mg·L⁻¹(=0.999 5), respectively. The average recoveries were 97.70%-100.2% and the RSD was less than 3%(=6). The method is simple,rapid and reproducible. It can be used for the determination of five kinds of saikosaponins in B. chinense.


Subject(s)
Bupleurum , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Oleanolic Acid , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Saponins
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825799

ABSTRACT

Objective:The transcription factor IIH (TFIIH) helicases XPB and XPD are responsible for opening the DNA strand around the lesion site and endonuclease XPG cleaves the damaged DNA strand on the 3’ side during nucleotide excision repair (NER). Polymorphisms in these three genes that affect DNA repair capacity may contribute to susceptibility of lung cancer. In this study, our objective is to conduct a case-control study of 100 Chinese patients with lung cancer and 100 cancer-free age and sex matched controls to analyse associations between these SNPs and lung cancer susceptibility.Methods:In this hospital-based case-control study, we genotyped 7 SNPs of XPB, XPD and XPG using matrix assisted laser desorption ionisation-time of flight mass spectrometry method (MALDI-TOF) to explore the association with lung cancer risk. To estimate the relative risk of lung cancer associated with SNP genotype, odds ratios (OR) and 95.0% confidence intervals (95.0% CI) were obtained from unconditional multinomial logistic regression models without and with adjustment for potential confounders including age, gender, cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption.Results:The results showed that individuals carrying XPB rs4150434 GA or AA genotype (OR per GA genotype, 1.997; 95.0% CI: 1.031-3.871; P=0.039; OR per AA genotype, 2.435; 95.0% CI: 1.037-5.718; P=0.037), and this association was also find in nondrinkers (OR per GA genotype, 2.477; 95.0% CI: 1.128-5.440; P=0.022). Individuals carrying XPG rs2094258 AA genotype had an increased risk of lung cancer (OR per AA genotype, 3.020; 95.0% CI: 1.015-8.980; P=0.040) compared with individuals with the GG genotype, especially in nondrinkers (OR per AA genotype, 4.020; 95.0% CI: 1.211-13.339; P=0.017). In addition, we found that XPG rs17655 CG or GG genotype associated with decreased lung cancer risk in drinkers (OR per XPG rs17655 CG genotype, 0.238; 95.0% CI: 0.061~0.925; P=0.034; OR per XPG rs17655 GG genotype, 0.l39; 95.0% CI: 0.021-0.938; P=0.032). Haplotype analysis of all 7 SNPs was also conducted. We found that the haplotype of XPB (rs4150441, G>A; rs4150434, G>A) GA and the haplotype of XPG (rs2094258, G>A; rs4771436, T>G; rs17655, C>G) ATC had an increased association with lung cancer.Conclusions:These findings suggest an important role of XPB rs4150434 and XPG rs17655 polymorphisms for a biomarker for lung cancer risk among the Chinese population.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690534

ABSTRACT

To preliminarily investigate the dissolution behavior of Fuzi Lizhong pill, provide the basis for its quality control and lay foundation for dissolution behavior by determining the dissolution rate of liquiritin and glycyrrhizic acid. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for simultaneous content determination of the two active ingredients of liquiritin and glycyrrhizic acid in Fuzi Lizhong pill was established; The dissolution amount of these two active ingredients in fifteen batches of Fuzi Lizhong pill from five manufacturers was obtained at different time points, and then the cumulative dissolution rate was calculated and cumulative dissolution curve was drawn. The similarity of cumulative dissolution curve of different batches was evaluated based on the same factory, and the similarity of cumulative dissolution curve of different factories was evaluated based on the same active ingredients. The dissolution model of Fuzi Lizhong pill based on two kinds of active ingredients was established by fitting with the dissolution data. The best dissolution medium was 0.25% sodium lauryl sulfate. The dissolution behavior of liquiritin and glycyrrhizic acid in Fuzi Lizhong pill was basically the same and sustained release in 48 h. Three batches of the factories (factory 2, factory 3, factory 4 and factory 5) appeared to be similar in dissolution behavior, indicating similarity in dissolution behavior in most factories. Two of the three batches from factory 1 appeared to be not similar in dissolution behavior of liquiritin and glycyrrhizic acid. The dissolution data of the effective ingredients from different factories were same in fitting, and Weibull model was the best model in these batches. Fuzi Lizhong pill in 15 batches from 5 factories showed sustained release in 48 h, proving obviously slow releasing characteristics "pill is lenitive and keeps a long-time efficacy". The generally good dissolution behavior also suggested that quality of different batches from most factories was stable. The dissolution behavior of liquiritin and glycyrrhizic acid in different factories was different, suggesting that the source of medicinal materials and preparation technology parameters in five factories were different.

7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1776-1780, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278744

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the levels of coagulation indicators [thrombomodulin(TM)/ thrombin-antithrombin complexes(TAT)/ α-plasmin inhibitor-plasmin complexes(PIC)/ tissue plasminogen activator-inhibitor complexes(t-PAIC) /D-Dimer(D-D)/fibrin degradation products(FDP)] in the critical patients with thromboembolism, analyse their correlation with inflammatory factor (procalcitonin/C reactive protein/ interleukin-6), and explore the diagnostic significance of coagulation indicators for these patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The serum levels of the coagulation indicators (TM/TAT/PIC/t-PAIC/D-D /FDP) and inflammatory factors (PCT/IL-6/CRP) were detected in the patient group with critical thromboembolism (n= 38) and critical patient group without thromboembolism as control (n= 81) . The correlation of coagulation indicators with inflammatory factors was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The values of TM/TAT/PIC/D-D/FDP in thromboembolism group were statistically significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.05). However, the t-PAIC values were not significantly different (P>0.05), and 3 inflammatory factors (PCT/CRP/IL-6) in thromboembolism patients were significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.05). The correlation analysis suggested that the correlation coefficients of TM with PCT, CRP and IL-6 were 0.288, 0.249 and 0.270, respectively (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The critical patients with thromboembolism show an obviously higher systemic inflammatory response, and accompany with coagulation dysfunction. There is a network relationship between inflammation and coagulation, the interaction of inflammatory factors with coagulation indicators promotes thromboembolism and inflammation.</p>

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319606

ABSTRACT

Euphorbia kansui (EK) is a toxic herbal drug, and often used after vinegar-processing to reduce its toxicity. In present study, a 1H-NMR based metabonomic approach was used to evaluate the detoxification effect of vinegar-processed EK. The water extracts of EK and VEK were administered orally to male SD rats at doses of 9 g x kg(-1) x d(-1) for 1 week, respectively, and one more week observation was further conducted. The control group was orally given with saline. Histopathological studies of liver samples on the 8th and 15th day were conducted, and the metabolites of rat urine and liver were analysed by 1H-NMR. Histopathological studies of liver samples from EK and VEK treated rats showed no negative impacts. In metabonomic analyses of urines, changes of metabolites indicated liver damages, kidney lesions and imbalance of gut microbes in the second week. VEK-treated rats showed a quite lower toxicity compared with EK-treated ones. The present study revealed that the metabonomic approach might be helpful for the evaluation of toxicity of EK and detoxic effect of VEK.


Subject(s)
Acetic Acid , Chemistry , Animals , Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Toxicity , Euphorbia , Chemistry , Inactivation, Metabolic , Liver , Metabolism , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Male , Metabolomics , Methods , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Urinalysis
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733166

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the differences of the risk factors between Bell Stage Ⅰ and Stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC),in order to provide theoretical basis for better preventing and treating NEC of each stages.Methods Eighty seven NEC neonates'references from 2009 to 2011 were all analyzed retrospectively to find out relative risk factors.They were divided into 2 groups according to Bell stage:stage Ⅰ and stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ.Twenty four items were compared between the 2 groups,including perinatal factors,feeding methods,complications,RBC perfusion,etc,using SPSS 17.0 software to make single factor analysis,for the sake of finding out relative risk factors.Results The comparison of gestational age,birth weight,onset age,and onset weight between 2 groups has no statistical significance (P > 0.05).The mortality of stage Ⅱ / Ⅲ was higher than stage Ⅰ (P < 0.05).Seven of 24 items have statistical difference in the comparison (P < 0.05),including:Gestational diabetes mellitus,amniotic fluid disorders,respiratory failure,hypothyroid,anemia,sepsis,RBC perfusion,indicating that these items may correlate to incidence and severity of NEC.Conclusions Gestational diabetes mellitus,amniotic fluid disorders,respiratory failure,hypothyroid,anemia,sepsis,RBC perfusion are risk factors that influence the severity of NEC.

10.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 389-394, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297557

ABSTRACT

The present study was to investigate the effect of kinetin on ovary and uterus of D-galactose-induced female mouse model of aging. Aging female mice model caused by D-galactose were used as model group, the aging model mice intragastrically administered with kinetin solution (daily 25 mg/kg or 50 mg/kg) were used as kinetin groups, and the mice with solvent as normal group (n = 20). To detect the effects of kinetin, estrous cycle, estradiol content, ovarian and uterine wet weight and organ index, SOD and GSH-Px activities, MDA and total protein contents, as well as the reserve function of ovaries were examined. The results showed that, kinetin-induced changes in two kinetin groups were observed, compared with the model group: (1) the estrous cycle was shortened; (2) serum estradiol content was significantly increased; (3) the wet weights of the ovary and uterus were increased significantly; (4) SOD and GSH-Px activities of ovary and uterus were significantly higher; (5) the MDA contents of the ovary and uterus were reduced significantly; (6) total protein contents of the ovary and uterus were increased significantly; (7) the numbers of mature oocytes in fallopian tubes were increased significantly. The results show that kinetin can protect ovary and uterus against oxidative damage, prevent low estrogen secretion caused by ovarian oxidative damage, shorten the estrous cycle in mice, and eventually maintain ovarian and uterine vitalities.


Subject(s)
Aging , Animals , Estradiol , Metabolism , Estrous Cycle , Female , Galactose , Kinetin , Pharmacology , Mice , Organ Size , Ovary , Uterus
11.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 58-63, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-359802

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess agreement between the ultrasonic cardiac output monitor (USCOM) and conventional echocardiography (ECHO) in the measurement of cardiac output in newborn infants, investigate the accuracy and clinical utility of the USCOM in healthy neonates. To explore a more convenient, faster, more accurate hemodynamic monitoring method, for improving the outcome of the critically ill neonates.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>From October 1(st), 2011 to March 31(st), 2012, a total of 49 infants were included, 20 were term infants, 29 were preterm infants. Cardiac outputs were measured by both ultrasonic cardiac output monitor and echocardiography in all the infants, 60 times measurements were done in both the term infants the preterm infants. The cardiac output of the left and right ventricles, heart rate, diameter and velocity time integral of the aortic valve and pulmonary artery valve of each infant were recorded. The consistency of two methods was analyzed as described by Bland-Altman.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Term the term infant group includea 20 term infants, 11 were male and 9 were female, the mean gestational age were (38.1 ± 0.56) weeks, mean age were (2 ± 1) days, mean weight were (3.2 ± 0.29) kg, mean Apgar score were 10. The mean left ventricular output measured by Echo was (242.3 ± 38.9) ml/(kg·min), measured by USCOM was (211.7 ± 38.5) ml/(kg·min); The mean right ventricular output measured by ECHO was (318.9 ± 47.0) ml/(kg·min), measured by USCOM was (340.7 ± 76) ml/(kg·min). Agreement between Echo and USCOM for left ventricular output (LVO) was (bias, ± limits of agreement, mean % error): (30.6 ± 51.1) ml/(kg·min), 21%, and for right ventricular output (RVO): (-21.8 ± 105) ml/(kg·min), 33.2%. The diameter of the aortic valve and pulmonary artery valve measured by conventional echocardiography were significantly larger than that estimated by ultrasonic cardiac output monitor (P < 0.001). The velocity time integral of the pulmonary artery valve measured by ultrasonic cardiac output monitor were significantly larger than measured by conventional echocardiography (P < 0.001). The heart rate, velocity time integral of the aortic valve measured by two methods had no significant differences (P > 0.05). The preterm neonates group included 29 preterm infants, 18 were male and 11 were female, the mean gestational age were (32.6 ± 2.8) weeks, mean age were (2 ± 1) days, mean weight were (1.88 ± 0.57) kg. All the infants were diagnosis as preterm infant, low birth weight. The mean left ventricular output measured by ECHO was (259.8 ± 70) ml/(kg·min), measured by USCOM was (235.6 ± 61.8) ml/(kg·min), the mean right ventricular output measured by ECHO was (318.9 ± 47.0) ml/(kg·min), measured by USCOM was (340.7 ± 76) ml/(kg·min). Agreement between Echo and USCOM for left ventricular output (LVO) was (bias, ± limits of agreement, mean % error): (24.1 ± 71.2) ml/(kg·min), 27.4%, and for right ventricular output (RVO): (-29.5 ± 192.9) ml/(kg·min), 51.8%. The diameter of the aortic valve and pulmonary artery valve measured by conventional echocardiography were significantly larger than estimated by ultrasonic cardiac output monitor (P < 0.001). The velocity time integral of the pulmonary artery valve measured by USCOM were significantly larger than that measured by conventional echocardiography (P < 0.001). The heart rate, velocity time integral of the aortic valve measured by two methods had no significant differences (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Agreement between USCOM and conventional ECHO in the LVO measurement is acceptable, both in the term group and the preterm group. LVO measurement measured by USCOM is recommended. The accuracy and clinical utility of the USCOM in neonates is acceptable. USCOM is a convenient, fast and accurate hemodynamic monitoring method in neonates. While the agreement between USCOM and conventional ECHO in the RVO measurement is poor, especially in the preterm group, the results of the RVO cannot be considered interchangeable in the two methods.</p>


Subject(s)
Cardiac Output , Echocardiography, Doppler , Methods , Female , Heart Rate , Physiology , Hemodynamics , Physiology , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Male , Monitoring, Physiologic , Methods , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Ventricular Function , Physiology
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237281

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To detect potential mutations of gap junction protein beta 2 (GJB2) and loricrin (LOR) genes in two patients with Vohwinkel syndrome.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Polymerase chain reaction and DNA sequencing were used for detecting potential mutations in the GJB2 and LOR genes. Parents of one patient and 50 healthy individuals were used as controls.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A novel homozygous missense mutation (c.A796G) of LOR gene was detected in one patient. The same mutation was not found in the other patient, their relatives and the 50 healthy controls.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A missence mutation of LOR gene was detected in a patient with Vohwinkel syndrome.</p>


Subject(s)
Abnormalities, Multiple , Genetics , Pathology , Adult , Child, Preschool , Connexin 26 , Connexins , Genetics , Female , Hand Deformities, Congenital , Genetics , Pathology , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Genetics , Pathology , Humans , Keratoderma, Palmoplantar , Genetics , Pathology , Male , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Mutation, Missense , Sequence Analysis, DNA
13.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 625-630, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642866

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of transplantation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) transfected with adrenomedullin (ADM) on cardiac function in heart failure rats and the mechanism.Methods BMSCs were isolated from femur and tibia marrow of 10 rats,20 days old,body weight 30-50 g,and in vitro cultured.The third passage of BMSCs were tuansfected with adenovirus containing ADM and labeled with green fluorescent protein(GFP).Before transplantation,BMSCs were labeled with 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI).Eighty healthy male Wistar rats weighted 180-200 g were randomly divided into 2 groups according to body weight:control group (n =10) was injected with normal saline (NS); diffuse myocardial injury heart failure rat model(n =70) was established by subcutaneous injection of isoproterenol (ISO,170 mg/kg) every day for 4 consecutive days.Four weeks after administration of ISO,heart function was assessed by echocardiography,the 39 rats with left ventricle ejection fraction(LVEF) < 70% of global heart failure model were randomly divided into three groups in accordance with the level of heart function:untransfected group,transfected group and NS group.DAPI labeled untransfected BMSCs suspension,ADM gene transfected BMSC suspensions (3 × 106/150 μl) and equal volume of NS were injected into the left ventricular anterior wall in 4 places in each goup.Control group received thoracotomy only.Four weeks after transplantation,rats were examined by ultrasound echocardiography,then were sacrificed and left ventricular were dissected.The myocardium was stained with Massons trichrome to analyze myocardial tissue fibrosis.The transplanted cells were observed by fluorescence microscopy and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) expression of myocardial tissue was detected in each group by Western blotting.Results After in vitro culture for three days,the BMSCs began to grow adherently,tended to be fused about 10 days,in the fusiform shape.Four weeks after transplantation,ultrasound echocardiography results showed that rat cardiac left ventricular end systolic diameter (LVDs),LVEF,and left ventricular cardiac fractional shortening (LVFS) were different between groups,and the difference were statistically significant(F =5.838,32.983,51.714,P < 0.05 or P < 0.01).Compared with the control group[(86.50 ± 1.54)%,(50.66 ± 1.87)%],the LVEF and LVFS of NS groups[(56.67 ± 6.86)%,(26.27 ± 4.01)%],the transfected group[(79.40 ± 1.70)%,(43.48 ±2.15)%] and untransfected group[(69.24 ± 7.30)%,(34.59 ± 5.13)%] were significantly lower(all P < 0.05);compared with the NS group,the LVEF and LVFS of the transfected groups and the untransfected group were significantly increased(all P < 0.05) ; compared with the untransfected group,the LVEF and LVFS of the transfected group were increased (all P < 0.05).Compared with the control group [(3.16 ± 0.22)mm],the LVDs of the NS group[(5.35 ± 1.57)mm] was significantly increased (P < 0.01); compared with the NS group,the LVDs of the transfected group and the untransfected group[(3.95 ± 0.55),(4.24 ± 0.92)mm] were significantly decreased (all P < 0.05).There was no statistically significant difference between the control group,the transfected group and the untransfected group in LVDs (P > 0.05).It can clearly be seen that there was GFP and DAPI labeled transplanted cells under a fluorescence microscope in the myocardial tissue transplanted area.There was significant difference in myocardial fibrosis area and the myocardial tissue protein expression of MMP-2 between groups(F =533.75,32.777,all P < 0.01).The area ratio of the NS group[(15.200 ± 0.356)%,0.584 ± 0.013],the transfected group[(8.530 ± 0.573)%,0.386 ± 0.017] and the untransfected group [(10.670 ± 0.369)%,0.438 ± 0.015] and the MMP-2 protein expression were significantly higher than that of the control group[(1.070 ± 0.113)%,0.319 ±0.013,all P < 0.01)]; compared with the NS group,the two index of the transfected group and the untransfected group were decreased (all P < 0.05).Compared with the untransfected group,the two index of the transfected group was decreased (all P < 0.05).Conclusion Transplantation of ADM gene transfected BMSCs can improve heart function of rats with heart failure significantly and reduce myocardial fibrosis.

14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2284-2289, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338556

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Echocardiography is regarded as a gold standard for measuring hemodynamic values. The ultrasonic cardiac output monitor (USCOM) is a new method for measuring hemodynamics and could provide non-invasive point of care guidance. So far, there are no published USCOM reference values for neonates, nor has USCOM's accuracy been established in this population. We aimed to determine the accuracy and clinical utility of the USCOM in healthy neonates relative to published echocardiographic data, to establish normal hemodynamic parameters that it measures, and to assess the possible role of USCOM as an alternative to echocardiography as a trend monitor.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Right and left heart hemodynamics of 90 normal neonates were measured during circulatory adaptation over the first three days of life using the USCOM and automated oscillotonometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Heart rate showed a significant decline from days one to three, from 126 to 120 (P < 0.001). Systolic, diastolic and mean arterial pressures all increased significantly from 66 to 71 mmHg, 33 to 38 mmHg and 44 to 49 mmHg, respectively (P < 0.001 in each case). Right ventricular cardiac index (RV-CI) showed no change with a mean of 5.07 L × min(-1) × m(-2). Left ventricular cardiac index (LV-CI) declined from 3.43 to 3.00 L × min(-1) × m(-2) (P < 0.001). RV-CI exceeded LV-CI on all three days by a mean of 61%. The systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI), based on LV-CI, increased significantly over the three days from 1083 to 1403 dyne × sec × cm(-5) × m(2) (P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Normal neonatal hemodynamic values, as indicated by USCOM, were established. LV-CI measurement showed excellent agreement with published echocardiographic studies. RV-CI was constant and exceeded LV-CI for all three days of this study. It may be falsely high due to flow velocity measurement errors arising from the pulmonary branch arteries, and may represent a limitation of the USCOM method. The progressive rise of arterial pressure and SVRI despite a declining LV-CI may indicate functional closure of the ductus arteriosus, with the greatest change occurring within the first 24 hours. Evidence of closure of the foramen ovale was not observed.</p>


Subject(s)
Cardiac Output , Physiology , Female , Heart Rate , Physiology , Hemodynamics , Physiology , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Monitoring, Physiologic , Methods , Ultrasonography , Methods
15.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 726-729, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-358512

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the diagnostic value and safety of flexible bronchoscopy in congenital great vessel diseases complicated with airway compression.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The medical records of patients with great vessels abnormalities who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) from October 2005 to June 2009 were retrospectively reviewed; 34 cases were diagnosed as airway compression by flexible bronchoscopy, 10 cases as vascular ring, 24 cases as aortal arch obstruction. The age of the patients was 6 d - 11 m, body weight 2.2 - 8.7 kg [(4.6 +/- 1.4) kg]. Recorded airway abnormalities detected by bronchoscopy and CT, cardiac vascular defects and airway compression were consistent with the findings on operation. The relation between the airway compression and cardiac vascular abnormalities, treatment of the airway compression and outcome were analysed.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Bronchoscopic assessment was successfully performed in NICU or operating room for all the patients. (1) Initial presentation of the 34 cases were tachypnea, stridor, refractory lung infection and prolonged mechanical ventilation. (2) Extrinsic compression was found in all the 10 cases with vascular ring by bronchoscopy initially which indicated vascular ring, airway compression was mainly of lower part of trachea. Diagnosis of 9 cases was consistent with CT diagnosis and in 1 case the diagnosis was confirmed by surgery; among these cases, 7 had congenital tracheal stenosis. (3) In the 24 cases with aortic obstructive lesion, 5 were detected to have tracheal stenosis by CT before correction of vascular abnormality, among whom one case was indicated to have tracheal stenosis by bronchoscopy, the other 19 cases were found with airway compression by bronchoscopy during or after vascular correction. Among the 24 cases, 21 had left main bronchial stenosis, 2 had congenital tracheal stenosis. Airway compression diagnosed by bronchoscopy agreed with the findings of CT. Two cases developed transient decrease of oxygen saturation, 5 cases developed transient tachycardia.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Flexible bronchoscopy plays an important role in assessment of the airway compression complicated with great vessel abnormalities. Bronchoscopy is an accurate, convenient, safe and rapid way for airway assessment, but further examination of the peripheral structure and vascular malformation need combined examination with CT.</p>


Subject(s)
Airway Obstruction , Diagnosis , Bronchoscopy , Methods , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Retrospective Studies , Vascular Malformations , Diagnosis
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283820

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare antiproliferation effects of vinblastine nanopraticles and vinblastine water solution in human glioma cell lines BT325.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Vinblastine nanoparticles were prepared by emulsion polymerization process and using dextran as a stabilizing agent. It was characterized by means of morphology, size, drug entrapment efficiency and loading efficiency. Human glioma cell lines BT325 were treated with different concentrations of vinblastine nanoparticles and vinblastine water solution for 48 h, Antiproliferation effect was measured by MTT method. Morphological changes were observed by inverted microscope, transmission electron microscope and scanning electron microscope.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Mean diameter of VLB-PBCA-NP was about 74.4 nm, and drug entrapment efficiency and loading efficiency was 78.47% and 39.24%, respectively. Cell growth inhibition rate of vinblastine nanoparticles group and vinblastine water solution group in a concentration range (5-5 000 g x L(-1)) for 48 h was 41%, 49%, 73%, 83% and 28%, 33%, 54%, 60% respectively. Entrapment of VLB in NPS may distinctly degrade absorbency as compared to free drugs. Glioma cell BT325 which treated with VLB water solution were initial stage of apoptosis, and apoptosis body were forming. But VLB NPS-treated BT325 cells were intermediate or end stage, and missed structure integrality.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>VLB-PBCA-NP and VLB water solution could inhibit the growth of human glioma cell lines BT325, and VLB nanoparticles have stronger inhibition effect compared with VLB water solution in the same dose. PBCA may be effective as promising carrier for the transport of vinblastine into the glioma cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Humans , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Nanoparticles , Vinblastine , Pharmacology
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-639821

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate diagnosis and preoperative management of cases with interrupted aortic arch(IAA)in infancy.Methods Fifty-three infants who were admitted to our hospital from Jan.2001 to Nov.2007 were involved.Clinical data,findings of echocardiogram(Echo),spiral CT,MRI,angiocardiography,preoperative management,surgical repair and postoperative outcome were analyzed retrospectively.Results There were 38 boys and 15 girls,weighted 2.18-10.0(4.32?1.60)kg,aged 1 day to 12(3.05?3.53)months,of which 50.94% were neonates.Symptoms at presentation were 90.57% with tachypnea and 83.02% with difficulty in feeding.Eighty three point zero two percentage cases had different degree of congestive heart failure,37.74% of which were in grade Ⅲ heart function.All cases had weakened femoral pulse.All cases were performed Echo,38 cases of them diagnosed as IAA,6 cases as IAA or severe coarctation of aorta(CoA);they were diagnosed as IAA by CT,and 9 as severe CoA who were diagnosed as IAA via CT or operation.Thirty-three cases were performed CT,of which 15 underwent surgical repair,cardiovascular abnormalities revealed by CT were the same as those in surgical findings.Three cases were taken MRI,and 7 cases were performed angiocardiography.According to the results of Echo,CT,MRI,angiocardiography and surgical findings,35 cases were type A,15 cases were type B and 3 cases were type C.Preoperative treatment included maintaining patent ductus areriosis,management of heart failure and supportive treatment.After proper preoperative management of medication,most cases with congestive heart failure were improved.Twenty-six cases underwent surgical repair,16 survived,10 died du-ring perioperative stage.Main cause of death was severe low cardiac output.Conclusions Value of Echo in diagnosis of IAA is limi-ted.Combination of Echo with CT or MRI is a convenient and safe way to diagnose IAA,it can replace the traditional method of Echo combined with angiocardiography.Proper preoperative management is helpful to patients with IAA to pass to surgical repair,and makes for successful operation.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-856158

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the therapeutic efficacy between thrombin injection and local compression on femoral pseudoaneurysms by using color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI). Methods: Thirty-eight patients with intervention-induced femoral pseudoaneurysms were randomly assigned to ultrasound-guided thrombin injection (group A, n = 19) and ultrasound-guided local compression (group B, n = 19). The volume, diameter of abnormal channel, and systolic peak velocity (SPV) of pseudoaneurysms before and after the treatment, as well as the obliterating time after the treatment were measured by CDFI. The follow-up observation was done immediately after the treatment, at day 3 and day 7. Results: The obliterating time of abnormal charmels was 4.0 ± 1.7 minutes in group A. It was significantly shorter than group B (3.6 ± 3.0 d, P=0.000). Three days later, the effective cases (19/19) in group A were significantly higher than that of group B (13/19, P=0.020) during the follow up period. Seven days later, the mean volume of hematomas in both groups was 26 ± 15 mm3, and it was significantly smaller than that before the treatment (34 ± 18 mm3, P = 0.000). The mean volume decreased 9.4 ± 8.6 mm3 in group A. There was no significant difference as compared with group B (8.6 ± 8.7 mm3, P = 0.784). One patient in group B developed deep vein thrombosis of lower limbs. Conclusion: CDFI may objectively evaluate the morphology of femoral pseudoaneurysms and the hemodynamic changes before and after the treatment. The therapeutic effect of the ultrasound-guided thrombin injection for femoral pseudoaneurysms is superior to ultrasound-guided local compression.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289022

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To construct a recombinant adenovirus vector expressing hCD40L gene and explore it in the use of anti-tumor gene therapy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>1,900 bp gene fragment was obtained form plasmid pORF-hCD40L by Xho I/Swa I cutting and then cloned directionally into the pShuttle plasmid, finally, the resultant plasmid was digested by restriction endonnuclease PmeI and subsequently cotransformtion into BJ5183 cells with the adenoviral backbone pAdEasy-1 to obtain the homologous recombinant and then the recombinant was packaged in the 293 cells. Some methods such as PCR and endonulease digestion were employed to identify the recombinant adenovirus.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The evidences of endonulease digestion and PCR analysis confirmed that recombinant hCD40L gene was correctly inserted into adenovirus vector.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The adenoviral vector which expressed hCD40L gene was constructed. It provides an experimental basis for studies on it expression in the mammalian cells and in tumor gene therapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae , Adenoviruses, Human , Animals , CD40 Ligand , Genetic Therapy , Genetic Vectors , Humans , Plasmids , Polymerase Chain Reaction
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