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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922574

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the influence of acupuncture on microcirculation perfusion of the pericardium meridian and heart in acute myocardial ischemia (AMI) rats and evaluate whether acupuncture can simultaneously affect the meridians and corresponding viscera. Additionally, acupoints at different meridians were compared and whether they exert the same effects was discussed.@*METHODS@#Totally 32 Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to left anterior descending (LAD) ligation to develop an AMI model. Rats were divided into 4 groups, including AMI, acupuncture Neiguan (PC 6), Lieque (LU 7) and Qiansanli (LI 10) groups (n=8). Eight rats received only thoracotomy (sham-operated group). The rats in the acupuncture groups received manual acupuncture at PC 6, LU 7 and LI 10 acupoints for 15 min, respectively. The microcirculation perfusion of pericardium meridian and heart was monitored by laser speckle perfusion imager (LSPI) before, during and after acupuncture manipulation for 15 min. Subsequently, the perfusion unit (PU) was calculated and analyzed by PSI System.@*RESULTS@#After LAD, compared to pre-acupuncture stage, the heart microcirculation perfusion (HMP) in the AMI group decreased continuously at during-acupuncture (P>0.05) and post-acupuncture stages (P0.05). Compared to pre-acupuncture stage, the PMP and HMP in PC 6 group significantly increased during acupuncture manipulation (both P0.05); however, they were significantly reduced after acupuncture manipulation (both P<0.05). Additionally, HMP of LI 10 group was decreased significantly during acupuncture, especially compared to pre-acupuncture stage (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Acupuncture at PC 6 obviously increased the PMP and HMP in AMI rats, and the effects were superior to at LU 7 and LI 10 acupoints. It was further confirmed that acupuncture promoted qi and blood circulation, indicating that acupoint specificity exists and features a meridian-propagated effect.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Animals , Electroacupuncture , Meridians , Microcirculation , Myocardial Ischemia , Perfusion , Pericardium , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878359

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to use an air-liquid interface (ALI) exposure system to simulate the inhalation exposure of motorcycle exhaust particulates (MEPs) and then investigate the benchmark dose (BMD) of MEPs by evaluating cell relative viability (CRV) in lung epithelial BEAS-2B cells.@*Methods@#The MEPs dose was characterized by measuring the number concentration (NC), surface area concentration (SAC), and mass concentration (MC). BEAS-2B cells were exposed to MEPs at different concentrations @*Results@#Our results reveal that BMD of NC and SAC were estimated by the best-fitting Hill model, while MC was estimated by Polynomial model. The BMDL for CRV following ALI exposure to MEPs were as follows: 364.2#/cm @*Conclusion@#These results indicate that MEPs exposure


Subject(s)
Benchmarking/statistics & numerical data , Bronchi/physiology , Cell Line , Cell Survival/drug effects , Epithelial Cells/physiology , Humans , Motorcycles , Particulate Matter/adverse effects , Vehicle Emissions/analysis
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828009

ABSTRACT

To further study and fully exploit the medicinal plant Sophora alopecuroides, the molecular markers related with the phenotypic traits of alkaloid content in S. alopecuroides should be detected. In this study, SSR molecular markers were used to analyze the genetic diversity and genetic structure of 23 S. alopecuroides populations, in combination with the association analysis between molecular markers and the alkaloid contents. The results showed that P, H, I, G_(st) and N_m values were 40.10%, 0.335 3, 0.504 5, 0.433 7 and 0.625 9 respectively, in 23 S. alopecuroides populations. This indicated that there was less gene exchange and higher genetic differentiation among different S. alopecuroides populations. The results of SSR unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic means(UPGMA) cluster showed that the S. alopecuroides populations relationship from Xinjiang was far from the populations of other regions, but the populations of S. alopecuroides from Gansu, Inner Mongolia and Qinghai were closely relevant to those from Ningxia. The 23 populations were further divided into 2 genetic subpopulations by the population structure analysis. Through association analysis, a total of 26 loci in 13 SSR markers were found to be significantly associated(P<0.005)with the content of MA, OMA, SC and OSC, and the rate of explanation on the phenotype variance of related markers ranged from 36.45% to 77.93%. Among the locus, 1 each were related with MA and OSC content at interpretation rate reached as high as 50% with high threshold(P<0.000 1). These results could provide support for the discovery of important genes in the alkaloid biosynthetic and metabolic pathway of S. alopecuroides.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , China , Genetic Variation , Microsatellite Repeats , Phenotype , Plants, Medicinal , Sophora , Genetics
4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1198-1201, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877586

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the distribution characteristics and rules of pain sensitivity points on body surface in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA).@*METHODS@#A total of 916 patients with KOA were selected in this study, the pain sensitivity points of local site of knee joint were probed by thumb palpation. Tape was used to measure the distance between the pain sensitivity points and the most nearby acupoints. The Wagner tenderness measuring instrument was used to measure the tenderness threshold of pain sensitivity points.@*RESULTS@#A total of 3618 pain sensitivity points were probed, among them, 3338 pain sensitivity points were sensitized. The minimum sensitization degree was 1.00, the maximum sensitization degree was 3.39, while the average sensitization degree was (2.16±0.60). Pain sensitivity points were distributed 0.37-1.73 @*CONCLUSION@#The pain sensitivity points of patients with KOA may be the expansion effect of acupoint areas in the disease states, pain sensitivity points are more likely to appear on the medial side of knee joint.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Humans , Knee Joint , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , Pain Threshold
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2437-2443, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877835

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is strongly linked with tumor invasion and metastasis, which performs a vital role in carcinogenesis and cancer progression. Emerging evidence suggests that microRNAs (miRNAs) expression are closely associated to EMT by regulating targeted genes. MiR542 has been found to be involved in the EMT program and bound up with various cancers. However, the functions of miR542 and its underlying mechanism in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) remain largely unknown. In the current study, we investigated the effect of astrocyte elevated gene-1 (AEG-1) on U251 cells aggressiveness, proliferation, apoptosis, and cell cycle.@*METHODS@#The screening of targeted miRNAs was performed, as well as the functional roles and mechanisms of miR542 were explored.@*RESULTS@#MiR542 was selected as the target because of the most significantly differential expression and this high level of expression negatively correlated with cell migration and proliferation, which suggested that miR542 could be a novel tumor suppressor. Moreover, we confirmed that AEG-1 was a direct targeted gene of miR542 by luciferase activity assay, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, and immunoblotting analysis. Furthermore, miR542 suppressed the expression of AEG-1, which upgraded the level of E-cadherin and degraded Vimentin expression contributing to retraining EMT.@*CONCLUSION@#The in vitro findings demonstrated that miR542 inhibited the migration and proliferation of U251 cells and suppressed EMT through targeting AEG-1, indicating that miR542 may be a potential anti-cancer target for GBM.


Subject(s)
Astrocytes , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Glioblastoma/genetics , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , Neoplasm Invasiveness/genetics
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776619

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To quantify the purine concentrations of the acupoints along the pericardium and nonpericardium meridians under healthy and myocardial ischemia conditions to investigate the relationship between acupoint purine change and body functional status in rats.@*METHODS@#A total of 70 rats underwent an operation for myocardial ischemia, while 40 of them survived. They were randomly assigned to the following 5 subgroups: Neiguan (PC 6), Quze (PC 3), Tianquan (PC 2), Quchi (LI 11), and Jianyu (LI 15). Simultaneously, another 40 healthy rats were also randomized into the same 5 subgroups as the control group. The tissue fluids at the acupoints were collected by microdialysis for 30 min. Subsequently, the concentration of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), adenosine diphosphate (ADP), adenosine monophosphate (AMP), and adenosine (ADO) were quantified using the high-performance liquid chromatography method.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the healthy group, the ADO at PC 6 (P=0.012), PC 3 (P=0.038), PC 2 (P=0.024), and LI 15 (P=0.042) obviously increased in the model group, while no significant difference was observed at LI 11 (P=0.201). However, ATP, ADP, and AMP manifested no significant changes in these areas, except for ATP at LI 15 (P=0.036).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Myocardial ischemia could induce an increase in ADO at acupoints of the upper arm and shoulder area, suggesting that the body functional status could affect the responsiveness of acupoints. The status of these acupoints could be pathogenically activated by disease, and distribution following some specific courses.

7.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1590-1592, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-641273

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the clinical features of dry eye with type 2 diabetic patients,and to analyze the correlation between the clinical features of dry eye and the disease condition.METHODS: Retrospective case series study.Dry eye cases with type 2 diabetic were analyzed from March to December in 2016.And the clinical features of patients were summarized.Dry eye examination including tear break-up time (BUT) and Schirmer test (schirmer Ⅰ test,SⅠt).Patients were divided into <60 years and≥60 years group by the age.And patients were divided into <5 group,5-9 years group,≥10 years according to the duration of diabetes.According to the condition of blood glucose,patients were divided into glucose controlled group and the group blood glucose uncontrolled.The results were statistically analyzed with gender,age,duration of diabetes and blood glucose level.RESULTS: There were 178 cases collected.All cases were diagnosed as dry eye both eyes.The patient`s age ranged from 32 to 85 years,with an average 58.41±13.06 years.There were 110 (61.8%) male cases,and 68 (38.2%) female cases.In all cases,the mean value of BUT was 4.52±2.31s,and the mean value of SⅠt was 4.25±1.99mm/5min.The value of women were more than men,but the differences were not significant statistically.Patients of ≥60 group were less than the age group of <60 patients,and the difference was significant statistically (t=4.153,4.021;P<0.01).In different course,all groups were lower than the normal.The value of≥10 years group was the least,<5 years group was the highest,and 5-9 years group was middle one.The differences were statistically significant (F=68.884,60.204;P<0.01).The value of blood glucose controlled group was significantly higher than the group blood glucose uncontrolled,and the difference was statistically significant (t=-6.615,-5.918;P<0.01).CONCLUSION:There were two types dry eye in 2 diabetic patients: the instability of tear-film and the reduction of tear secretion.The clinic features of dry eye were related to age,the course of the disease,and the level of blood glucose.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845365

ABSTRACT

Objective Using Ex-Rad as lead compound to design and synthesize coumarin benzyl(sulfoxide)sulfone derivatives with anti-radiation activity. Methods The target compounds were synthesized from methyl 2-mercaptoacetate and 4-bromomethylbenzoic acid through three steps. The anti-radiation activity was assayed by the MTT method using the HUVEC cells irradiated with 8Gy 60Co γ ray. Results Sixteen compounds containing a coumarin benzyl sulfoxide or sulfone group were synthesized and the structures were confirmed by 1H NMR and HRMS. Preliminary evaluation of the 16 compounds demonstrated that 6a, 6b, 6c and 6d exhibited potent anti-radiation activities. Conclusion The anti-radiation activities of 6a, 6b, 6c and 6d were significant, indicating that this kind of compounds is worth further study.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 773-778, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779657

ABSTRACT

A series of novel benzimidazole and benzothiazole derivatives were designed and synthesized as inhibitors of SIRT1-SIRT3. The target compounds were synthesized from potassium O-ethyldithiocarbonate through a three-step route. The structures of the obtained compounds were elucidated by 1H NMR and HR-MS. Of all compounds, six showed potent SIRT2-inhibitory activities with IC50 values ranging from 2.8 to 21.2 μmol·L-1. Among them, compound 10c displayed the most potent SIRT2-inhibitory activities (IC50 = 2.8 μmol·L-1), with more than 35-fold selectivity over SIRT1 and SIRT3 (IC50>100 μmol·L-1).

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-255202

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the maternal outcomes of pregnant women with pernicious placenta previa (PPP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 470 patients with placenta previa admitted in Women's Hospital Zhejiang University School of Medicine from August 2012 to August 2014 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into pernicious group(n=101) and non-pernicious group(n=369) according to the history of cesarean section and location of placenta attached to the uterine. The general profiles, maternal outcomes of two groups were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The age, gravidity and rate of recurrent cavity surgery of pernicious group [(32.5 ± 4.1) y, 3.4 ± 1.2, 28.7%] were higher than those of non-pernicious group [(30.7 ± 4.5) y, 2.1 ± 1.4,13.6%] (P<0.05). The gestational age of pernicious group was (35.6 ± 2.7) weeks, less than that of non-pernicious group [(36.7 ± 2.7) weeks, P<0.001]. Rate of postpartum massive hemorrhage, rate of blood transfusion, rate of placental implantation and hysterectomy in pernicious and non-pernicious group were 29.7%, 35.6%, 27.7%, 11.9% and 8.1%, 10.8%, 5.7%, 0.8%, respectively (P<0.05). Multiple regression analysis showed that placenta accrete was significantly associated with postpartum massive hemorrhage in pernicious group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The awareness of the danger of pregnant women with PPP before operation and paying more attention to antenatal care are key measures to decrease the adverse maternal outcomes of pregnant women with placenta previa.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Cesarean Section , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Placenta Previa , Epidemiology , Pathology , Postpartum Hemorrhage , Epidemiology , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636307

ABSTRACT

Background Trachoma is a common disease in ophthalmology,but few reports about the pathogenetic genotype are reported.Objective This study was to investigate the genotypes of Chlamydia trachomatis.Methods Conjunctival specimens were collected in 16 patients with trachoma in Beijing Tongren Eye Center from January,2003 and August,2006.Variable sequence 4 (VS4) of ompl fragment was amplified by nested PCR(n-PCR) using specific primer of Chlamydia trachomatis,and then the PCR products were sequenced.The DNA sequences were analyzed by software Clustal X and MEGA2,and the genetic characteristics were compared with the known sequences of GenBank.Results The PCR product fragment of MOMP gene of trachoma was 277 bp.Three types of Chlamydia trachomatis strains were idcntified in the 16 specimens,including B-genotype in 9 strains (56.3%),C-genotype in 4 strains(25.0%) and D-genotype in 3 strains(18.7%).High homology was seen in the gene sequences of Chlamydia trachomatis strains between the B-genotype or C-genotype strains and the same genotypes of GenBank or those from some districts of China.However,some differences were exhibited among the Dgenotype strains.Conclusions Identification of genotype of Chlamydia trachomatis has differential effect on trachoma and inclusion conjunctivitis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-679810

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical manifestation of trachoma,and to select the appropriate laboratory test for clini- cal diagnosis.Design Retrospective case series.Participants Retrospective analysis of medical records from 61 patients with trachoma from Jan 2003 to Aug 2006 in Bejing Tongren Eye Center.Methods Grades of trachoma diagnosis were according to the criteria de- signed by Chinese Ophthalmological Society (1979).The general state of health,case history,and the laboratory investigations of pa- tients were recorded.Laboratory tests included the conjunctiva scraping for inclusions,C.trachomatis immune antigen test and PCR test.Main Outcome Measures Manifestation of corneal and conjunctiva,the results of laboratory tests of C.trachomatis.Results Out of sixty-one patients including 28 males and 33 females,the average old was (29.05?19.99) years.88.5% cases were inⅠstage of tra- choma,8.2% were inⅡstage,and 3.3% were inⅢstage.The C.trachomatis inclusions were found in 7 (11.5%) scraping smears.42 (68.9%) cases were positive in C.trachomatis antigen test.46 (75.4%) cases were positive in PCR tests.The positive rates of antigen and PCR test were significantly higher than that of scraping (P=0.00).Conclusions A majority of clinical patients were inⅠstage of trachoma.The degree of their distress was minimal.It is necessary to apply C.trachomatis,antigen test or PCR test to improve the clin- ical diagnosis.

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