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1.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 330-340, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982203

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The validation of various risk scores in elderly patients with comorbid atrial fibrillation (AF) and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) has not been reported. The present study compared the predictive performance of existing risk scores in these patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 1252 elderly patients with AF and ACS comorbidities (≥ 65 years old) were consecutively enrolled from January 2015 to December 2019. All patients were followed up for one year. The predictive performance of risk scores in predicting bleeding and thromboembolic events was calculated and compared.@*RESULTS@#During the 1-year follow-up, 183 (14.6%) patients had thromboembolic events, 198 (15.8%) patients had BARC class ≥ 2 bleeding events, and 61 (4.9%) patients had BARC class ≥ 3 bleeding events. For the BARC class ≥ 3 bleeding events, discrimination of the existing risk scores was low to moderate, PRECISE-DAPT (C-statistic: 0.638, 95% CI: 0.611-0.665), ATRIA (C-statistic: 0.615, 95% CI: 0.587-0.642), PARIS-MB (C-statistic: 0.612, 95% CI: 0.584-0.639), HAS-BLED (C-statistic: 0.597, 95% CI: 0.569-0.624) and CRUSADE (C-statistic: 0.595, 95% CI: 0.567-0.622). However, the calibration was good. PRECISE-DAPT showed a higher integrated discrimination improvement (IDI) than PARIS-MB, HAS-BLED, ATRIA, and CRUSADE (P < 0.05) and the best decision curve analysis (DCA). For thromboembolic events, the discrimination of GRACE (C-statistic: 0.636, 95% CI: 0.608-0.662) was higher than CHA2DS2-VASc (C-statistic: 0.612, 95% CI: 0.584-0.639), OPT-CAD (C-statistic: 0.602, 95% CI: 0.574-0.629) and PARIS-CTE (C-statistic: 0.595, 95% CI: 0.567-0.622). The calibration was good. Compared to OPT-CAD and PARIS-CTE, the IDI of the GRACE score slightly improved (P < 0.05). However, NRI analysis showed no significant difference. DCA showed that the clinical practicability of thromboembolic risk scores was similar.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The discrimination and calibration of existing risk scores in predicting 1-year thromboembolic and bleeding events were unsatisfactory in elderly patients with comorbid AF and ACS. PRECISE-DAPT showed higher IDI and DCA than other risk scores in predicting BARC class ≥ 3 bleeding events. The GRACE score showed a slight advantage in predicting thrombotic events.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1097-1102, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929486

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the visual quality of patients after modified design aspheric balance curve(ABC)with intraocular lens(IOL)implantation, and to analyze the influencing factors of clinical IOL selection and guide the patient's IOL selection plan. METHODS: A prospective case-control study was conducted in 67 patients(74 eyes)with simple cataract underwent phacoemulsification and foldable aspheric IOL implantation, and 23 eyes in the observation group were implanted with modified design IOL(HOYA Vivinex XY1 group), the control group was implanted with 51 eyes of traditional design IOL(Tecnis ZCB00 group with 27 eyes, IQ SN60WF group with 24 eyes). The uncorrected visual acuity, the best corrected visual acuity, total ocular spherical aberration(SA)and coma under different pupil diameters(3, 4, 5, 6mm), and different pupil diameters(3, 4, 5mm)were measured 1wk and 1mo after operation, the modulation transfer function(MTF)curve, objective scattering index(OSI), intraocular scattered light value Log(s)and contrast sensitivity were obtained. Statistical analysis was performed on the obtained data.RESULTS: The uncorrected visual acuity and best corrected visual acuity at 1wk and 1mo after operation in the three groups were significantly improved compared with those before operation, there was no significant difference among groups(P&#x003E;0.05). The difference of total ocular spherical aberration was statistically significant among the three groups with 5 and 6mm pupil diameter 1wk after operation(P=0.045, 0.037)and there were differences among three groups in pupil diameter of 6mm at 1mo after operation(P=0.042). Comparing the total ocular coma aberration, there were differences among the three groups at 1wk and 1mo after the operation at the pupil diameter of 5 and 6 mm(P&#x003C;0.05). With the increase of pupil diameter at 1wk and 1mo after operation, the total ocular spherical aberration in the HOYA Vivinex XY1 group was lower than that in the other two groups. The MTF values of the Vivinex XY1 group were higher than those that of the control group at each spatial frequency, there was no significant difference among groups(P&#x003E;0.05), and there were no statistical differences in objective scattering index, intraocular scattered light value Log(s)and contrast sensitivity among the three groups(P&#x003E;0.05).CONCLUSION:The improved design of the modified Vivinex IOL can reduce the total ocular spherical aberration and coma, improve the visual quality, and provide a new method for the selection of aspheric IOL.

3.
International Eye Science ; (12): 248-251, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713006

ABSTRACT

@#With the continuous development of cataract surgery and intraocular lens(IOL), the evaluation of visual quality after IOL implantation has become a research hotspot, and aberration is an important factor that affecting visual quality. After more than 60y of development, IOL has made great improvement in optical design. Due to the fact that conventional spherical IOL has a positive spherical aberration and cannot correct the positive spherical aberration existing in the normal human cornea, it is improved to an aspherical IOL having a negative spherical aberration and a zero spherical aberration. The former can correct the cornea positive spherical aberration, improve the contrast sensitivity and improve visual quality. However, if the optical position does not match, the formation of other higher-order aberrations will have greater impact on visual effects. Although the latter is well tolerated to tilt and decentration, it still cannot compensate for the positive aberration from the cornea. The advent of the non-constant aberration IOL provides a new way for cataract surgeons to solve this problem. In this paper, the concept of aberration, the design principle and advantages and disadvantages of different kinds of aspheric IOL, as well as the observation of clinical application effect of non-constant aberration aspheric IOL are discussed.

4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3512-3519, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773689

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to systematically evaluate the toxicity-reducing effect of Tripterygium-licorice in animal experiments,and also to provide evidence for basic research on the toxicity reduction of Tripterygium wilfordii. The PubMed,EMbase,Web of Science,CBM,CNKI and Wan Fang Databases from their establishment to August 31 th,2018 were searched. Two independent reviewers screened the papers,extracted the data,assessed the risk of bias using SYRCLE assessment tool and conducted Meta-analysis with Rev Man 5. 3 software. A total of 10 papers involving 31 studies were finally included,15 studies of which were used for Meta-analysis. Four studies were included for chronic hepatotoxicity animal model. In experimental group( 34 animals),Tripterygium was administered at dose of 0. 09-0. 1 mg·kg-1·d-1,and glycyrrhizic acid was administered at dose of 90-100 mg·kg-1,both for 2 weeks; in control group( 34 animals),glycyrrhizic acid was replaced with equal volume of normal saline. Eleven studies were included for acute hepatotoxicity animal model. In experimental group( 66 animals),glycyrrhizic acid was administered at dose of 75-480 mg·kg-1 for 7 days,then glycyrrhizic acid was stopped,and Tripterygium began to be administered at dose of 0. 6-1. 0 mg·kg-1 per 24 h or 48 h for a total of 1-2 times; in control group( 66 animals),glycyrrhizic acid was replaced with equal volume of normal saline or corresponding solvent. The results of Meta-analysis showed that in both chronic hepatotoxicity animal model and acute hepatotoxicity animal model,the transaminase levels in the experimental group were lower than those in the control group( P < 0. 05). Subgroup analysis of acute hepatotoxicity animal model showed that the transaminase levels in the experimental group were lower than those in the control group for every subgroup except " glycyrrhizic acid 75 mg·kg-1" subgroup. However,in terms of the mean difference( MD) and confidence interval( CI),there was no significant difference in transaminase decline between each subgroup. Low dose of glycyrrhizic acid( 90-100 mg·kg-1) has a toxicity-reduction effect on chronic hepatotoxicity induced by tripterygium( 0. 09-0. 10 mg·kg-1). Middle and high doses of glycyrrhizic acid( 120-480 mg·kg-1) have a toxicity-reduction effect on acute hepatotoxicity induced by tripterygium( 0. 6-1. 0 mg·kg-1),but with no significant dose-effect relationship.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Toxicity , Glycyrrhiza , Glycyrrhizic Acid , Tripterygium , Chemistry , Toxicity
5.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 550-554, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703894

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To systemically review the safety and efficacy of bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) versus everolimus eluting stent (EES) for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods:The database searched includes PubMed, Medline, MEDILINE, EMBASE, Cochrane library, CNKI and Wanfang. Database retrieval time was between database establishment time to October 2017. During the same time, authors accessed the conference summary and related websites to collect published randomized controlled trials of published data. To evaluate the quality of the literature according to the modified Jadad scale and extracted the data. Meta-analysis was performed using Review Manager 5.3 software. Results:Nine trials were included; 6 721 patients were randomized to receive BVS (n=3 670) or EES (n=3 051). Time of follow-up was ranged from 6 to 36 months. Compared with metallic EES, risk of target lesion failure (RR=1.31, 95%CI:1.08-1.58; P=0.005) and in-stent thrombosis (RR=2.89, 95%CI:1.85-4.53; P<0.0001), ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization (RR=1.44,95%CI:1.12-1.86, P=0.005)、target-vessel myocardial infarction (RR=1.74, 95%CI:1.33-2.27, P<0.0001) and all myocardial infarction (RR=1.49, 95%CI:1.16-1.91, P=0.002) were all significantly higher in BVS group than in EES group. There were no significant differences in all-cause death (RR=0.87, 95 % CI:0.57-1.33, P=0.520), cardiovascular mortality (RR=0.78, 95%CI:0.54-1.11, P=0.160) and composite endpoints (RR=1.10, 95%CI:0.95-1.27, P=0.210) between the two groups. Conclusions:Compared with metallic EES, the BVS appears to be associated with both lower efficacy and higher thrombotic risk during the observation period.

6.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 545-550, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691387

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the quality and consistency of recommendations in the clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for hypertension in Chinese medicine (CM).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>CM CPGs were identified from 5 electronic databases and hand searches through related handbooks published from January 1990 to December 2013. Three reviewers independently appraised the CPGs based on the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE II) instrument, and compared the CPGs' recommendations on CM syndrome pattern classification and treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Five CM CPGs for hypertension were included. The quality score of the evidence-based (EB) guideline was higher than those of the consensus-based with no explicit consideration of evidence-based (CB-EB) and the consensus-based (CB) guidelines. Three out of five patterns in the CPGs were recommended by the EB guideline. Tianma Gouteng Formula () in the EB guideline was recommended mostly for hypertension patients with pattern of ascendant hyperactivity of Gan (Liver)-yang and pattern of yin deficiency with yang hyperactivity in the CPGs. Acupuncture and massage were recommended for Grade I and Grade II hypertension with severe symptoms weakening the quality of life in the EB guideline. For Grade I and Grade II hypertension, CM could be used alone, while for Grade III hypertension, they should be used in combination with Western medicines.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The quality of EB guideline was higher than those of CB and CB-EB CPGs in CM for hypertension and CM should be prescribed alone or combined with Western medicines based on the grade of hypertension.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypertension , Therapeutics , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Reference Standards , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Reference Standards , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Quality of Health Care , Reference Standards , Quality of Life
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3238-3242, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335867

ABSTRACT

Clinical application evaluation research of Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Common Diseases of Pediatrics in Traditional Chinese Medicine intends to evaluate the quality level and clinical application of the guideline. A questionnaire and prospective case survey methods were used to evaluate the applicability evaluation based on the clinician questionnaire and the application evaluation based on clinical case observation. The applicability evaluation, familiarity and utilization rate of doctors' guidelines were 85.06%, 62.76%; Sort by technical grade, intermediate grade doctors have a higher familiarity rate and utilization rate, while the junior grade doctor's is lower; Guide quality level of applicability evaluation, other items' rational percentage are better than 96% except the items of health preserving and prevention and other treatment is relatively low; Items' applicable percentage of applicability evaluation are more than 91% except the item of guide simplicity. Comprehensive applicability evaluation, The percentage of the guideline applicable to clinical practice accounted for 94.94%. The consistency rate of syndrome differentiation and clinical application is more than 96% in addition to prescription medication, other treatments and health preserving and prevention of the guidelines apply consistency of application evaluation. The percentage of good treatment effect accounted for 92.96% of application effect evaluation. The safety percentage is 99.89% and economy is 97.45%. The research shows that of Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Common Diseases of Pediatrics in Traditional Chinese Medicine quality level is good and is basically applicable to pediatric clinical practice which can be used as a standardized recommendation of pediatric common diseases' treatment specification. A small part of the guidelines are not applicable and need to be further consummated. Health preserving and prevention and other treatment of the guideline need to be revised.

8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3243-3246, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335866

ABSTRACT

This study is to assess the Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Common Diseases of Otolaryngology in Traditional Chinese Medicine in clinical application and provide evidence for further guideline revision. The assessment was divided into applicability assessment and practicability assessment. The applicability assessment based on questionnaire survey and the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) practitioners were asked to independently fill the Questionnaire for Applicability Assessment on the Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment in Traditional Chinese Medicine. The practicability assessment was based on prospective case investigation and analysis method and the TCM practitioners-in-charge filled the Case Investigation Questionnaire for Practicability Assessment on the Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment in Traditional Chinese Medicine. The data were analyzed in descriptive statistics. 151 questionnaires were investigated for applicability assessment and 1 016 patients were included for practicability assessment. The results showed that 88.74% of them were familiar with the guidelines and 45.70% used them. The guidelines quality and related items were similar in applicability assessment and practicability assessment, and scored highly as more than 85.00% except the "recuperating and prevention". The results suggested that the quality of Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Common Diseases of Otolaryngology in Traditional Chinese Medicine was high and could better guide the clinical practice. The "recuperating and prevention" part should be improved and the evidence data should be included in future guideline revision, so that the clinical utilization rate could be increased.

9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3247-3251, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335865

ABSTRACT

This study aims to evaluate the adaptability and applicability of Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Cancer in Traditional Chinese Medicine. The assessment methods included adaptability assessment and applicability assessment. The adaptability assessment was based on the questionnaire survey to evaluate the familiarity, utilization, quality, and clinical application of the Guidelines; applicability assessment was based on the prospective observation of 853 clinical cases to investigate the applicability and effect of the Guidelines, including effectiveness, economy and safety. Statistical analysis for basic description, construction of different comparison groups for cross or hierarchical statistical test, multi-factor analysis, and confounding factors were used in the study. Adaptability assessment results showed that 63.03% of TCM doctors considered guidelines as good or very good applicability and 4.24% of TCM doctors considered guidelines with very poor applicability in clinical practice. For the applicability evaluation, TCM doctors considered that the "overall efficacy and technology level", "satisfactory degree" and "adaptability in clinical practice" of the guideline were 85.46%, 80.43% and 69.40% respectively. The results showed that guideline was well known among TCM doctors, especially junior TCM doctors. Adaptability and applicability of Guidelines were totally good but the quality and adaptability of the intervention schemes were still week, so the quality of Guidelines should be improved by revision.

10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3252-3256, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335864

ABSTRACT

To provide reference for revising the Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Common Diseases of Coloproctology in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) through clinical research. 9 TCM hospitals worldwide have conducted a survey and questionnaires for 7 CPGs have been received. 263 cases clinical doctors accepted the applicability survey of guidelines. 89.35% is more familiar to the guidelines and 36.12% have been used the guidelines. In syndrome differentiation and treatment related contents, diagnostic point, treatment and syndrome differentiation are higher, accounted for 96.96%, 88.59%, 96.20%, respectively. Rationality of prevention is lower, accounted for 65.02%.88.21% clinical doctors believe that the Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Common Diseases of Coloproctology in Traditional Chinese Medicine is applicable. The application of the guidelines is evaluated by prospective observation of 1 309 cases. The higher consistency between guidelines and clinical practice is Western medicine disease diagnosis and traditional Chinese medicine disease diagnosis, accounted for 98.70%, 90.76%, respectively. The lower is rationality of prevention, accounted for 49.27%. The safety and economy of the guidelines are better, accounted for 97.02%, 95.11%, respectively. The comprehensive evaluation results showed that the overall treatment effect and technical level, satisfaction degree, applicability in clinical practice which were 7-9 points is 81.52%, 80.60%, 79.30%.The complex evaluation of diagnosis and treatment of common diseases of coloproctology in TCM guidelines is good, and suitable for clinical application with increase the content of rationality of prevention.

11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3257-3261, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335863

ABSTRACT

To assess the quality and application effect of Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Common Diseases of Dermatology in Traditional Chinese Medicine(Guidelines) through the applicability and applicability evaluation respectively. The questionnaire survey was adopted to evaluate the applicability of the Guidelines, including the utilization, quality, and clinical application conditions. The results showed that the familiarity rate and utilization rate of the Guidelines were 85.37%, 48.78%, respectively. The data showed that the familiarity and the utilization rates were different in the working staff with different professional titles. The evaluation level was the lowest given by the staff with junior professional title (70.97%, 29.03%) in comparison. The assessment showed the overall quality of the Guideline was good and slightly low level for the rationality scores of the other therapeutic methods as well as for the recuperation and prevention (80.49%, 85.37%), which was in line with the clinical compliance of the Guideline. The perspective observation of clinical cases was used for the applicability evaluation, including clinical compliance of the Guideline, effect evaluation, and comprehensive assessment, et al. The results showed that the safety score was the highest, followed by the economic issue and efficacy. For the comprehensive evaluation of the applicability, complete applicability accounted for 29.27%, and the general applicability accounted for 87.80%. It was showed in the three index scores of the applicability evaluation that the accumulative score 7-9 scores were 75.65%, 73.89%, 71.12%. Through the applicability and applicability evaluation, the Guideline was satisfactory in the overall quality, high in the safety of clinical application and good in efficacy and economic issues. There are some limits on the development method and technical issues in the Guideline, which is required to be supplemented in the revision. Additionally, the strategy study on the promotion of the Guideline should be enhanced so as to expedite the recognition and utilization of the Guideline.

12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3650-3655, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335805

ABSTRACT

Baoyuan decoction (BYD) is a well-known traditional Chinese medicine formula for coronary heart disease with Qi deficiency. However, the detailed pharmacological mechanism of BYD is still unknown because of its complicated chemical compositions. In this study, we synthesized a kind of solid beads with benzophenone groups on its surface. Benzophenone can be activated and chemically cross-linked with the C-H bonds of the chemical compositions in BYD (BYD beads) under UV activation. We thus captured all the target proteins from mouse heart tissue lysates by using BYD beads. Based on proteomics analysis, we discovered totally 46 potential binding target proteins, most of which were located in mitochondria. KEGG analysis revealed that these target proteins were mainly associated with TCA cycle and amino acid metabolism signaling pathways, suggesting that the cardioprotection of BYD might be associated with regulating mitochondrial function and energy production. Moreover, JC-1 staining analysis also confirmed the protective effect of BYD on mitochondrial damage. In summary, our findings elucidated the potential mechanism of BYD on cardioprotection through "target fishing" strategy, and further explained its traditional efficacy in the molecular level. In addition, we also provide an approach for investigating the target group of complicated compositions in Chinese herbal formula. This novel method may provide a methodological reference for exploring the pharmacological mechanism of traditional Chinese formula in the future.

13.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 376-380, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-229537

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To review the current situation and progress of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) international standards, standard projects and proposals in International Organization for Standardization (ISO)/ technical committee (TC) 249.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>ISO/TC 249 standards and standard projects on the ISO website were searched and new standard proposals information were collected from ISO/TC 249 National Mirror Committee in China. Then all the available data were summarized in 5 closely related items, including proposed time, proposed country, assigned working group (WG), current stage and classifification.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In ISO/TC 249, there were 2 international standards, 18 standard projects and 24 new standard proposals proposed in 2014. These 44 standard subjects increased year by year since 2011. Twenty-nine of them were proposed by China, 15 were assigned to WG 4, 36 were in preliminary and preparatory stage and 8 were categorized into 4 fifields, 7 groups and sub-groups based on International Classifification Standards.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A rapid and steady development of international standardization in TCM can be observed in ISO/TC 249.</p>

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 39-44, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251820

ABSTRACT

We aimed to study the effect of allitridum (All) on the transient outward potassium current (Ito) of ventricular myocytes of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Totally 30 male SHRs were randomly divided into three groups: low-dose All group (7.5 mg·kg(-1)), high-dose All group (15.0 mg·kg(-1)) and normal saline group. The other 10 sex and age matched Wistar-kyoto rats (WKY) were also taken as control group (WKY group). All animals received i.p. administration for 8 weeks. The dual enzymatic method was used to separate single ventricular myocyte from animals. Patch-clamp technique was used to record Ito and analyze the effect of All on the current. It was shown that the left ventricular hypertrophy of SHR was reversed significantly by All. Furthermore, the density of Ito was recovered in both high and low dose All groups. The peak current densities of Ito were enhanced from 18.23±3.64 to 25.17±2.86 pA/pF (P<0.01) and 36.47±5.42 pA/pF (P<0.01) at +50 mV by All 7.5 mg·kg(-1) and 15.0 mg·kg(-1), respectively, which was not significantly different with WKY group. The effect was associated with positive shift of the steady-state, close-state inactivation, and shortened recovery from inactivation of Ito. It is concluded that All decreases the remodeling of Ito of ventricular hypertrophic myocytes of SHR.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Allyl Compounds , Pharmacology , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular , Drug Therapy , Myocytes, Cardiac , Cell Biology , Patch-Clamp Techniques , Potassium Channels , Metabolism , Rats, Inbred SHR , Rats, Inbred WKY , Sulfides , Pharmacology
15.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 122-128, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317098

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Despite a recent American Heart Association (AHA) consensus statement emphasizing the importance of resistant hypertension (RH), its control is still a challenge for conventional medicine. The Chinese herbal formula, Qutan Huayu Fang, has been used effectively to assist antihypertensive agents in blood pressure control, but its effect for RH patients is still unclear. This pilot study aims to explore the effects of taking the formula in addition to antihypertensive medication in the management of RH.</p><p><b>METHODS/DESIGN</b>A prospective cohort study will be conducted in two first-class hospitals of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Eligible RH patients will be classified as the experimental group (n = 100) and the control group (n = 100) based on the interventions they receive. Participants taking antihypertensive agents and the Chinese herbal formula will be in the experimental group and those taking antihypertensive agents alone will be in the control group. The whole study will last 24 weeks, including an 8-week observation and follow-up at 24 weeks. The primary outcomes, assessed against patient baseline conditions, will be the reduction of systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure as well as changes in TCM symptoms and signs. These outcomes will be assessed at weeks 2, 4, 6, and 8. The reductions of blood pressure will also be assessed at week 24. Cardiac events and mortality rate will be secondary outcomes and will be assessed at weeks 8 and 24. Any adverse reactions will be recorded during the study. The causal inference method will be used to assess the effectiveness of the inclusion of TCM herbal medicine in the management of patients with RH.</p><p><b>DISCUSSION</b>This study will determine whether the Chinese herbal formula is helpful for RH patients treated with antihypertensive agents and the findings will provide a basis for further confirmatory studies.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Antihypertensive Agents , Pharmacology , Blood Pressure , Clinical Protocols , Cohort Studies , Drug Resistance , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Hypertension , Drug Therapy , Pilot Projects , Plants, Medicinal , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 413-416, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314326

ABSTRACT

Acupuncturists have always paid high attention to deqi (needling sensation) in clinical. However, relationship between deqi and curative effect has not been elucidated yet. In order to have a further understanding on effect of deqi on clinical effect, through study on literature associated with deqi since the establishment of People's Republic of China in 1949, it is held that various factors can influence therapeutic effect of acupuncture treatment, including whether needling sensation appears or not, the speed of deqi, the intensity of deqi, different types of sensations as well as propagated sensation along meridians (PSM). Joint launched multidisciplinary researches should be carried out to reveal the influence principle of deqi on acupuncture effect, and to lay foundations for the further studies on mechanism of deqi.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Meridians , Qi , Treatment Outcome
17.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 175-179, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246275

ABSTRACT

With retrieval of MEDLINE database (from Jan 2006 to Dec 2010) and supplementary search on other important literatures, 29 overseas articles that were in accord with inclusive criteria were included. The results showed that the overseas scholars issued the international standard on human acupoint locations and proposed the localization system of animal acupoint model; discovered the new acupoint structure, characteristic of acupoint microcirculation, the states of the diseases could be specifically reflected through acupoint temperature, electric resistance, pressure and pain threshold, and the specific brainstem reaction could be induced by electroacupuncture at acupoints; verified initially the effect on nausea and vomiting with the related acupuncture methods at acupoints and explained the mechanisms on the local analgesia of acupuncture at acupoints; suggested that a further study should be expected on the low electric resistance property of acupoints and the effect specificity in the treatment of disease. Additionally, they were proposed that the domestic study should focus on the symptom treatment, correct application of logic reasoning, the secondary literature study and international exchange and cooperation. It is indicated that the overseas study has made the great progression on the acupoint locations, morphological structure, biological and physical properties, pathological reaction, stimulation effect, therapeutic effect and mechanism, and it provides the references for the domestic study in terms of study clues and methods.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , MEDLINE , Publications
18.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 573-576, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253950

ABSTRACT

With retrieval in CNKI and MEDLINE data base, the articles in Chinese and English that were written by Chinese authors, which were about the specificity of acupoint effects during "the Eleventh Five-Year (2006-2010)", are included. Researchers have studied about the specificity of acupoint effects by cerebral function imaging technique and it turns out that from the perspective of central mechanism, there are differences among aupoint stimulatory effect. The curative effect of acupoints is significantly better than that of nonacupoints, different acupoints have different curative effects, the effect of disease-related acupoints is better than that of unrelated acupoints, those above have intitally proved the existence of specificity of acupoint effects. However, part of the research results need futher summaries, analysis and promotion as well as try to avoid low-level repeat in research design.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Databases, Bibliographic , Electroacupuncture , Meridians , Publications
19.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 378-380, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271336

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To discuss the influence of factors related organic on deqi in acupuncture treatment and provide scientific evidence for further research on the influencing factors of deqi sensation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) database, VIP-Chinese scientific and technological journal database, Chinese biological medical (CBM) database and PubMed database were retrieved. There were 30 articles about the organic influencing factors of deqi and they were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The organic related factors which includes individual constitution, syndrome classification, physical condition, specificity of acupoint function, tolerance and psychological factors play an important part in deqi in acupancture treatment, which should be brought to the forefront for acupuncture practitioners and researchers.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The organic factors are influencing the deqi sensation in many ways but most of the present studies are resting on the affirmation of the phenomenon. Further studies about organic related influencing factors on deqi should be carried out and scientific, objective indices of deqi sensation should be explored which may improve the clinical and research level of acupuncture.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Qi , Sensation
20.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 860-864, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246360

ABSTRACT

Through CNKI retrieval, 40 articles were selected from Medical Journals published between January 2003 and December 2011, and the study designs, intervention methods and conclusions of the articles were analyzed. It turned out that in the area of clinical research, the main usage of acupuncture was assist treatment of artificial abortion and drug-induced abortion: in artificial abortion, acupuncture can play a role in analgesia, artificial abortion syndrome relieving, and cervix dilating, while in the drug induced abortion, acupuncture can play a role in improving completed abortion rate, accelerating foetal sac release, decreasing side effects and regulating postoperative bleeding. In mechanism research, the effect of acupuncture on uterine tissue was revealed in terms of neuroendocrine. Although the certain role of acupuncture in assisting artificial abortion and drug-induced abortion has been confirmed in numerous clinical trials, its mechanism revealing was limited. The further study should focus on improving research method, acupuncture manipulation standardization and stimulation parameters optimization. What's more, the revealing of acupuncture's role in anti-early pregnancy should be emphasized to improve its effectiveness and scientificalness.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Abortion, Induced , Methods , Acupuncture Therapy , Biomedical Research
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