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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335772


Total glucosides of peony (TGP), containing the effective components of paeoniflorin (Pae), albiflorin (Alb) and so on, are effective parts of Radix Paeoniae Alba. And it possesses extensive pharmacological actions, one of which is hepatoprotective effect. In recent years, abundant of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics research of TGP in hepatoprotective effects have been performed. However, the relative medicine of TGP in hepatoprotective effect has not been developed for clinical application. In order to provide reference for the development and rational clinical application of TGP, the research progresses of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of TGP in hepatoprotective effect were summarized in this paper. Pharmacokinetics research has clarified the process of absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion of TGP in vivo, and liver injury disease can significantly influence its metabolic processes. Pharmacodynamics studies suggested that TGP can protect against acute liver injury, non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD), chronic liver fibrosis and liver cancer. However, the action mechanism and in vivo process about hepatoprotective effects of TGP have not been clearly revealed. How liver injury influences the metabolism of TGP and its integrated regulation through multiple targets need to be further studied. The combined pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics studies should be performed in favour of medicine development and clinical application of TGP in hepatoprotective effects.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335770


Chinese medicinal formulae are the important means of clinical treatment in traditional Chinese medicine. It is urgent to use modern advanced scientific and technological means to reveal the complicated mechanism of Chinese medicinal formulae because they have the function characteristics of multiple components, multiple targets and integrated regulation. The systematic and comprehensive research model of proteomic is in line with the function characteristics of Chinese medicinal formulae, and proteomic has been widely used in the study of pharmacological mechanism of Chinese medicinal formulae. The recent applications of proteomic in pharmacological study of Chinese medicinal formulae in anti-cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, anti-liver disease, antidiabetic, anticancer, anti-rheumatoid arthritis and other diseases were reviewed in this paper, and then the future development direction of proteomic in pharmacological study of Chinese medicinal formulae was put forward. This review is to provide the ideas and method for proteomic research on function mechanism of Chinese medicinal formulae.

Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 347-352, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335980


The present study was aimed to investigate the effects of hypoxia on iron metabolism of skeletal muscle. Rat L6 skeletal muscle cells were randomly divided into three groups which were exposed to hypoxia (1% O(2)) for 0, 12, 24 h, respectively. Iron isotope tracing method was used to determine iron uptake and release. Iron content of labile iron pool (LIP) was investigated by flow cytometry, and the expressions of transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1), divalent metal transporter 1 (DMT1), ferroportin 1 (FPN1), hypoxia-inducible transcription factor-1 (HIF-1) in L6 cells were observed by Western blot. The results showed that, compared with 0-hour hypoxia group, 12-hour hypoxia group exhibited significantly increased iron uptake and LIP (P < 0.05), as well as decreased iron release (P < 0.01). Not only iron uptake and release, but also LIP in 24-hour hypoxia group were significantly decreased, compared with those in 0- and 12-hour hypoxia groups (P < 0.01). The expressions of HIF-1, DMT1 (IRE), DMT1 (non-IRE) and TfR1 in 12-hour hypoxia group were significantly increased compared with those in 0-hour hypoxia group (P < 0.01). On the contrary, the expressions of DMT1 (IRE), DMT1 (non-IRE) and FPN1 in 24-hour hypoxia group were significantly decreased compared with those in the other two groups. However, TfR1 expression in 24-hour hypoxia was higher than those in 0- and 12-hour hypoxia groups (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). These results suggest hypoxia plays an important role in iron metabolism of skeletal muscle cells. Moderate hypoxia can increase iron uptake and decrease iron release, resulting in higher LIP, but a prolonged hypoxia induces a disordered iron metabolism of skeletal cells.

Animals , Cation Transport Proteins , Metabolism , Cell Hypoxia , Cell Line , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Metabolism , Iron , Metabolism , Muscle, Skeletal , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Oxygen , Physiology , Rats , Receptors, Transferrin , Metabolism , Time Factors