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1.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 3-7, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969938

ABSTRACT

This paper makes an interpretation of the collection Acupuncture: how to improve the evidence base published by BMJ & BMJ Open. Studies show that the quality of randomized controlled trial (RCT) of acupuncture is low, and multivariable Meta-regression analysis fails to confirm most factors commonly believed to influence the effect of acupuncture. The methodological challenges in design and conduct of RCT in acupuncture were analyzed, and a consensus on how to design high-quality acupuncture RCT was developed. The number of acupuncture systematic reviews was huge but the evidence was underused in clinical practice and health policy, and a large number of western clinical practice guidelines recommended acupuncture therapy, but the usefulness of recommendations needed to be improved. In view of the problems in clinical research on acupuncture mentioned in this collection, combined with the analysis of the purpose of clinical research on acupuncture, perspectives, study types, as well as the relationship between evidence and clinical decision-making, a five-stage study paradigm of clinical research on acupuncture is proposed.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture , Research Design , Consensus
2.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 77-93, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981599

ABSTRACT

Background In mainland China, patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) have approximately an 40% prevalence of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV). This disease leads to recurrent retinal pigment epithelium detachment (PED), extensive subretinal or vitreous hemorrhages, and severe vision loss. China has introduced various treatment modalities in the past years and gained comprehensive experience in treating PCV.Methods A total of 14 retinal specialists nationwide with expertise in PCV were empaneled to prioritize six questions and address their corresponding outcomes, regarding opinions on inactive PCV, choices of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) monotherapy, photodynamic therapy (PDT) monotherapy or combined therapy, patients with persistent subretinal fluid (SRF) or intraretinal fluid (IRF) after loading dose anti-VEGF, and patients with massive subretinal hemorrhage. An evidence synthesis team conducted systematic reviews, which informed the recommendations that address these questions. This guideline used the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation) approach to assess the certainty of evidence and grade the strengths of recommendations. Results The panel proposed the following six conditional recommendations regarding treatment choices. (1) For patients with inactive PCV, we suggest observation over treatment. (2) For treatment-na?ve PCV patients, we suggest either anti-VEGF monotherapy or combined anti-VEGF and PDT rather than PDT monotherapy. (3) For patients with PCV who plan to initiate combined anti-VEGF and PDT treatment, we suggest later/rescue PDT over initiate PDT. (4) For PCV patients who plan to initiate anti-VEGF monotherapy, we suggest the treat and extend (T&E) regimen rather than the pro re nata (PRN) regimen following three monthly loading doses. (5) For patients with persistent SRF or IRF on optical coherence tomography (OCT) after three monthly anti-VEGF treatments, we suggest proceeding with anti-VEGF treatment rather than observation. (6) For PCV patients with massive subretinal hemorrhage (equal to or more than four optic disc areas) involving the central macula, we suggest surgery (vitrectomy in combination with tissue-plasminogen activator (tPA) intraocular injection and gas tamponade) rather than anti-VEGF monotherapy. Conclusions Six evidence-based recommendations support optimal care for PCV patients' management.

3.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 407-414, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984667

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the percentage of in-use electronic sphygmomanometers independently validated clinically in China. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey and Beijing, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Datong, and Shihezi were selected according to the geographical location and economic level. In each site, one tertiary hospital, two community health centers, and 20 families with electronic sphygmomanometers in use were chosen. The information of electronic sphygmomanometers including brand, model, manufacturer and production date were obtained by the trained staff. Ten electronic sphygmomanometers from each hospital, five electronic sphygmomanometers from each community health center, and one electronic sphygmomanometer from each family were surveyed, and the user's subjective judgment results and judgment basis on the accuracy of the electronic sphygmomanometer measurement were collected. We searched six registration websites (Medaval, Stride BP, dabl Educational Trust, British and Irish Hypertension Society, American Medical Association and Hypertension Canada) and two research databases (PubMed and CNKI) for the clinical validation status of each electronic sphygmomanometer. Results: A total of 200 electronic sphygmomanometers were investigated in this study, of which only 29.0% (58/200) passed independent clinical validation. When stratified by users, the percentage of being clinical validated was 46.0% (23/50) for electronic sphygmomanometers in hospitals, 42.0% (21/50) for those in community health centers and 14.0% (14/100) for those in home use, respectively, and the proportions between the three groups were significantly difference (P<0.001). Doctors in tertiary hospitals and community health service centers judged the accuracy of electronic sphygmomanometers mainly on the basis of "regular correction" (41.0% (41/100)) and "comparison with other electronic sphygmomanometers" (20.0% (20/100)), while among home users, 41.0% (41/100) were not clear about the accuracy of electronic sphygmomanometers, and 40.0% (40/100) made the judgment by "comparison with the devices in hospitals". Conclusion: The clinical validation of in-use electronic sphygmomanometers in China is low. Most of users, including healthcare professionals, are not aware of clinical validation of electronic sphygmomanometers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Pressure Determination , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sphygmomanometers , Hypertension/diagnosis , China , Electronics , Blood Pressure
4.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 365-369, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935294

ABSTRACT

To explore and revise the factor structure, reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the Driver Stress Inventory (DSI) in the driver population in first-tier city of China. In this study, the questionnaire method was used to select the data collected by the "Research on the Driving Stress of Urban Salaries in Urban Traffic" carried out by the Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2012, and a third-party survey agency was commissioned to select 300 people in Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou respectively. A total of 900 drivers (with 889 valid data scales) were used to test their driving stress and other indicators by using the DSI and the self-compiled travel and stress relief scale. The test content collects driver self-reported stress data from five dimensions: Aggression, Dislike of driving, Hazard-Monitoring, Fatigue Proneness and Thrill-seeking. The DSI questionnaire of 445 cardinal numbers was revised by item analysis methods such as correlation test and T-test, and exploratory factor analysis method based on principal component analysis and optimal skew axis method (Promax).The results of item analysis showed that the total correlation coefficient of 10 items of the 48 items of the original DSI scale was lower than 0.3, and the total correlation coefficient of 6 items was not significant (r=-0.078-0.079, P>0.05), and the high and low groups were independent. There were significant differences in the results of the sample t test (t=-16.642-0.091, P<0.001), the 16 items were deleted, and the remaining 32 items; exploratory factor analysis showed that KMO=0.938>0.900, and the Bartlett's sphericity test result was significant (χ²=6 361.974, df=496, P<0.001), suitable for exploratory factor analysis, the results showed that 2 items constituted independent factors, did not meet the relevant standards of psychometrics and were deleted, and finally retained 30 items, and the internal consistency coefficient of the new scale was better than the original one(α=0.932>0.877); Based on the results of exploratory factor analysis, the model fitting indexes of 444 even-numbered samples such as RMSEA, SRMR, CFI and TLI were verified by confirmatory factor analysis, and the results showed that the index of each index was good (χ²=1 250.447, RMSEA=0.070, SRMR=0.068, CFI=0.839, TLI=0.823); criterion validity analysis found that each factor of the revised scale was significantly correlated with situational anxiety (r=0.190-0.556, P<0.01). In conclusion, the DSI (Chinese version) has good reliability and validity, and can be used as an assessment tool for driver stress in China.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Psychometrics , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires
5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 12-20, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906325

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the ultraperformance liquid chromatography (UPLC) fingerprint of Pipa Qingfeiyin substance benchmark, and to establish a quantitative analysis method for simultaneous determination of the contents of five index components, so as to provide reference for the quality control and evaluation of this famous classical formula. Method:ACQUITY UPLC<sup>®</sup> CSH<sup>TM</sup> C<sub>18</sub> column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) was used with mobile phase of acetonitrile (A)-0.1% formic acid aqueous solution (B) for gradient elution (0-7 min, 5%-7%A; 7-11 min, 7%-8%A; 11-22 min, 8%-14%A; 22-30 min, 14%-15%A; 30-35 min, 15%-25%A; 35-42 min, 25%-40%A; 42-45 min, 40%-50%A; 45-50 min, 50%-60%A), the flow rate was 0.35 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>, the column temperature was 25 ℃, the detection wavelengths were 278 nm and 248 nm. UPLC fingerprints of 15 batches of Pipa Qingfeiyin substance benchmark were established, and the "Similarity Evaluation System of Chromatographic Fingerprint of Traditional Chinese Medicine" software (2012 edition) was used for similarity analysis, and the common peaks were assigned. Cluster analysis (CA), principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were used to evaluate the fingerprint data. UPLC fingerprint method was used to simultaneously determine the contents of five components in the substance benchmark. Result:The method validation of fingerprint and determination method was good, the similarities between 15 batches of Pipa Qingfeiyin substance benchmark and their control fingerprint were ≥0.997, 23 common peaks were identified and 11 chromatographic peaks were identified. CA, PCA and OPLS-DA divided 15 batches of the substance benchmark into two groups. The linear relationship of phellodendrine hydrochloride, chlorogenic acid, berberine hydrochloride, palmatine hydrochloride and ammonium glycyrrhizinate was good in a certain range of concentration (<italic>R</italic><sup>2</sup>>0.999), their average recovery was 96.47%-101.16%, and the contents of these five components in the substance benchmark were 0.87-2.00, 1.53-5.95, 18.45-33.97, 3.87-6.29, 1.02-4.12 mg·g<sup>-1</sup>, respectively. Conclusion:The established UPLC fingerprint and multi-index component content determination methods have strong specificity, good resolution and high sensitivity, it can be characterized except for the Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma flavor, which can provide reference for the quality control and evaluation of Pipa Qingfeiyin compound preparation.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 8-16, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906169

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish ultra performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) fingerprint of Shengyutang and quantitative analysis method of 11 index components in this famous classical formula. Method:UPLC-diode array detector/evaporative light scattering detector (UPLC-PDA/ELSD) was used, two chromatographic conditions were established by different detectors according to the polarity of chemical components. Conditions of fingerprint 1 were as follows:ACQUITY UPLC HSS T<sub>3</sub> column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.8 µm) with the mobile phase of acetonitrile (A)-0.6% formic acid solution (C) for gradient elution (0-4 min, 0-4%A; 4-8 min, 4%A; 8-9 min, 4%-8%A; 9-14 min, 8%-9%A; 14-21 min, 9%-15%A; 21-26 min, 15%-17%A; 26-30 min, 17%-20%A; 30-35 min, 20%-32%A; 35-40 min, 32%-40%A; 40-50 min, 40%-80%A; 50-55 min, 80%A), the flow rate of 0.3 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>, PDA with detection wavelengths of 280 nm and 321 nm, the column temperature at 30 ℃. Conditions of fingerprint 2 were as follows:the CORTECS C<sub>18</sub> column (3.0 mm×100 mm, 2.7 µm) with the mobile phase of acetonitrile (A)-water (D) for gradient elution (0-11 min, 19%A; 11-16 min, 19%-25%A; 16-34 min, 25%-28%A; 34-47 min, 28%-47%A; 47-60 min, 47%-80%A), the flow rate of 0.4 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>, ELSD with drift tube temperature of 95 ℃, the carrier gas (air) flow rate of 2.0 L·min<sup>-1</sup>, and the column temperature at 30 ℃. UPLC-PDA/ELSD fingerprints of 15 batches of Shengyutang were established, and the similarity was evaluated by similarity evaluation system of chromatographic fingerprint of traditional Chinese medicine (2012 edition) issued by the Chinese Pharmacopoeia Commission, and the contents of eleven index components in this famous classical formula were determined. Result:The similarities of UPLC-PDA/ELSD fingerprints of 15 batches of Shengyutang were >0.98 by comparing with the control fingerprint, 27 and 16 common peaks were identified in fingerprint 1, 2, respectively. It was tested and verified that the precision, repeatability, stability, linear relationship and other results of this method all met the requirements of the 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia</italic>. The contents of chlorogenic acid, ferulic acid, calycosin glucoside, verbascoside, senkyunolide I, senkyunolide H, senkyunolide A, ginsenoside Rg<sub>1</sub>, ginsenoside Re, ginsenoside Rb<sub>1</sub> and astragaloside A in 15 batches of Shengyutang were 0.063-0.193, 0.509-0.638, 0.160-0.318, 0.012-0.056, 0.394-0.519, 0.110-0.143, 0.031-0.097, 0.382-0.595, 0.292-0.505, 0.590-0.803, 0.142-0.367 mg·g<sup>-1</sup>, respectively. Conclusion:The established detection method meets the requirements of the 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia</italic>, which can characterize the overall characteristics of chemical components in Shengyutang, and provide experimental basis for the quality standard research of this famous classical formula.

7.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 828-830, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985181

ABSTRACT

Sadomasochism is the sexual interest, psychosexual deviance or sexual crimes that are sexually aroused by suffering or causing others to suffer. This study summarizes the concept, assessment and diagnosis, categories and symptoms, psychological and biological mechanisms, judicial disposition and clinical intervention strategies of sadomasochism from the perspectives of clinical medicine, law, criminology and psychology, suggests that further research should take local people with sadomasochism preference and local patients as research objects, pay attention to different types of sadomasochists, conduct bottom-up research, explore the core elements and manifestations of sadomasochism, and accurately define and classify sadomasochism, construct an effective scale, a erectile measurement sexual stimulation system and a diagnostic criteria; discuss evaluation methods combined with crime scene data; discuss the validity of masochists' consent combined with diagnosis; establish targeted criminal correction programs and a treatment and rehabilitation system to provide reference for the improvement of medical, judicial and mental health services.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Criminals , Masochism , Sadism , Sex Offenses , Sexual Behavior
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1431-1438, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780236

ABSTRACT

This research is aimed to investigate the effect of ampelopsin on apoptosis and migration of human hepatoma SMMC-7721 cells and explore the molecular mechanism. SMMC-7721 cells were pretreated with different doses of ampelopsin and cells proliferation was detected by CCK8 kit. Cell morphology was observed under an inverted microscope. Nuclear morphology was detected by DAPI staining. Apoptotic rate was detected by Annexin V-FITC/PI flow cytometry. Migration and invasion were detected by Transwell and scratch healing test. Western blotting was used to detect cleavage of poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP), expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), E-cadherin, and N-cadherin, and phosphorylation of ERK, P38 and JNK in MAPKs pathway. Our results showed that ampelopsin significantly inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis of SMMC-7721 cells, with half inhibition dose (IC50) for 24 h was 38.98 μg·mL-1. With 50 μg·mL-1 ampelopsin treatment, typical apoptotic morphological changes occurred, such as cell detachment, shrinkage and nuclear condensation. Apoptotic rate increased from 15% to 55.1%, with PARP cleavage significantly increased. In addition, treatment of ampelopsin reduced scratch healing of cells and transmembrane cells number. The expression levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were decreased. Further analysis of EMT-related proteins showed that after ampelopsin treatment, E-cadherin was up-regulated and N-cadherin was down-regulated. During ampelopsin treatment, ERK reached its peak of activation after 1 h, while the maximum activation time of JNK was 12 h. Meanwhile, P38 was activated within 4 h, with the highest point at 2 h. But after 4 h, ampelopsin inhibited phosphorylation of P38. These results indicated that ampelopsin induced apoptosis and reduced migration through activating MAPKs pathway and reversing EMT process in SMMC-7721 cells. This work provides a mechanistic basis for utilizing ampelopsin for anti-hepatocarcinoma treatment.

9.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2045-2047, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756830

ABSTRACT

@#Uveitis has been generally defined as the inflammation occurring in the intraocular tissues. Among them, non-infectious uveitis is a T cell-mediated autoimmune inflammatory response. Through systemic treatments for non-infectious uveitis are abundant, the main principle is to suppress the immune response. In this review, we reviewed the history of non-infectious uveitis systemic therapy, detailed the current status of systemic treatment, summarized the pros and cons of each treatment regimen, and expected some new treatments for non-infectious uveitis.

10.
International Eye Science ; (12): 847-849, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695322

ABSTRACT

Consecutive exotropia is not uncommon in clinical practice,but the domestic researches on the disease and its risk factors are rare. This article aims to summarize the risk factors of consecutive exotropia after surgery of esotropia and to discuss the treatment of consecutive exotropia so as to provide references for identifying risk factors for consecutive exotropia before operation,and to reduce the incidence of overcorrection, in order to guide the surgical design of esotropia and diagnosis as well as treatment of consecutive exotropia.

11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 664-667, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695274

ABSTRACT

·Eye position control is essential for the management of intermittent exotropia, which it may be a caritia for the surgery intervention, as well as a indicator for the severity of the deviation. Thus, the quantitaties of intermittent exotropia eye position control ability is crucial. This article aims to review the assessment method of the eye position control of intermittent exotropia, so as to clearly a need for a well planned, prospective clinical intervention.

12.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 537-544, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691404

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of acupuncture on the Notch signaling pathway in rats with traumatic brain injury and to explore the pathogenesis of acupuncture intervention on traumatic brain injury.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Feeney's freefall epidural impact method was used to establish a traumatic brain injury model in rats; the rats were randomly divided into a normal group, sham operation group, model group and acupuncture group. Acupuncture was performed in the Baihui (DU 20), Shuigou (DU 26), Fengfu (DU 16), Yamen (DU 15) and Hegu (LI 4) acupoints in the rat, and Yamen was punctured via Fengfu. Then, the rats in each group were randomly divided into three subgroups, namely the day 3 subgroup, day 7 subgroup and day 14 subgroup according to treatment duration. The modified neurological severity scores (mNss) method was used to perform neurobehavioral scoring for evaluating the degree of injury in the rats. The hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining method was used to observe the pathological change in the brain tissue of rats in each group. Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR) technology was used to detect changes in the Notch1, Hes1 and Hes5 gene expression levels in the cortex on the injured side. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression changes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>One day after modeling, the mNss scores in the model group and in the acupuncture group were significantly higher than those in the normal and sham operation groups (P<0.01) ; there was no statistically significant difference between the normal group and the sham operation group. The scores decreased with increased treatment time, and the scores in the acupuncture group decreased more significantly than those in the model group (P<0.01). The pathological examination by the HE staining method demonstrated that the brain tissue of the rats in the acupuncture and model groups relatively significantly changed. The Notch1 gene expression level in the acupuncture group was significantly higher than the level in all of the other groups (P<0.01) ; the Hes1 and Hes5 gene expression levels were also higher in the acupuncture group. The expression changes of the Notch1 and Hes1 protein were consistent with that of mRNA. In each experimental group, the mNss score and the pathological results by the HE staining method were consistent with the mRNA results.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Acupuncture could significantly promote high expression levels of Notch1, Hes1 and Hes5 in the brain tissue of traumatic brain injury rats. Therefore, acupuncture might be an important intervention for inducing endogenous stem cell proliferation and for promoting nerve repair.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Brain Injuries , Genetics , Pathology , Therapeutics , Brain Ischemia , Pathology , Therapeutics , Nerve Regeneration , Genetics , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Notch , Genetics , Metabolism , Reperfusion Injury , Genetics , Therapeutics , Signal Transduction , Genetics
13.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 65-68, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703817

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical features for heart failure (HF) in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients presented as restrictive cardiomyopathy. Methods: We retrospectively studied 32 hypertrophic cardiomyopathy combining HF patients with NYHA grade III-IV presented as restrictive cardiomyopathy and summarized their clinical features with the outcomes of in-hospital management. Results: Echocardiography found restrictive cardiomyopathy changes in all 32 severe hypertrophic cardiomyopathy combining HF patients as both atriums were enlarged and the size of left ventricle was normal; 84.4% patients with normal LVEF (>50%) and 15.6% with LVEF<50%; 37.5% patients with enlarged right ventricle. HF history was from 10 days to 35 years at the mean of 8.3 years. 75% patients appeared whole heart failure, the main symptoms were dyspnea, edema, some patients had syncope and angina. There were 8 patients with respiratory failure, 2 with cardiac shock, 13 with medium to large amount of pleural effusion and ascites; 90% patients combining paroxysmal or persistentatrial fibrillation (AF), 8 patients received pacemaker implantation due to slow tachycardia. The in-hospital ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation occurred in 3 patients, 2 of them were successfully rescued by electrical cardio-version and received implantable cardioverter defibrillator(ICD), 1 died for failed cardio-pulmonary resuscitation; 6 patients had heart transplantation.Conclusion: Severe hypertrophic cardiomyopathy combining HF patients presented as restrictive cardiomyopathy were usually at the late stage in critical condition with various complications even they could have normal size of left ventricle and LVEF, some patients may need heart transplantation.

14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1022-1027, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290131

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been a promising treatment for patients with refractory Tourette syndrome (TS) for more than a decade. Despite successful DBS treatment of TS in more than 100 patients worldwide, studies with a large patient sample and long-term follow-up assessments are still scarce. Accordingly, we investigated the clinical efficacy and safety of globus pallidus internus (GPi) DBS in the treatment of intractable TS in 24 patients with a 1-year follow-up assessment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Bilateral/unilateral GPi-DBS was performed in 24 patients with TS. We evaluated symptoms of tics and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) through the Yale Global Tic Severity Scale (YGTSS) and Yale-Brown Obsessive-compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS). We used the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised in China (WAIS-RC) to evaluate the safety of the treatment. We conducted follow-up assessments of all patients for at least 12 months (12-99 months).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Symptoms of tics and OCD were significantly relieved at a 12-month follow-up assessment. The mean YGTSS score was 74.04 ± 11.52, 49.83 ± 10.91, 32.58 ± 7.97, and 31.21 ± 8.87 at baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively. The mean YGTSS scores obtained at the follow-up assessments were significantly different from the baseline (P < 0.05). The improvement in motor tics was superior to that in phonic tics. The mean Y-BOCS scores were 21.61 ± 4.97, 18 ± 4.58, 14.39 ± 3.99, and 13.78 ± 4.56 at baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively (P < 0.05). We observed a remarkable improvement in psychiatric comorbidities, such as OCD and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, after the procedure. WAIS-RC scores were comparable before and after the operation. There were no severe postoperative complications.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>GPi-DBS appears to comprehensively alleviate tic symptoms and psychiatric comorbidities in patients with TS, thus significantly improving patients' quality of life.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Deep Brain Stimulation , Follow-Up Studies , Globus Pallidus , Physiology , Quality of Life , Tourette Syndrome , Psychology , Therapeutics
15.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 132-136, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-293298

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of acupuncture on proliferation and differentiation of neural stem cells in brain tissues of rats with traumatic brain injuny.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty SD rats were randomly and equally allocated to the sham-operated, the model and the acupuncture groups. The traumatic brain injury model was established by the free drop method. For the rats in the acupuncture group, acupuncture was applied once a day for 7 days. Brain histotomy was carried out when treatments were completed. Immunohistochemical techniques were adopted to detect the cells that express nestin, neurofilament proteins (NF)-200 and glial fibrillary acidic proteins (GFAP), the markers of neural stem cells, neurons, astrocytes respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared to the sham-operated group, the number of nestin-positive cells and NF-200-positive cells in brain tissues was decreased significantly in the model group (P < 0.01), whereas the number of GFAP-positive cells was significantly increased P<0.01). Compared to the model group, the positive cells of nestin, NF-200, GFAP in brain tissues in the acupuncture group were increased obviously (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Acupuncture can significantly increase the number of nestin-positive cells, NF-200-positive cells and GFAP-positive cells, indicating the significant increase of neural stem cells, neurons and astrocytes in number. Acupuncture can improve neuranagenesis by promoting the proliferation and differentiation of neural stem cells in brain tissues. This might be one of the mechanisms for acupuncture to treat traumatic brain injury and to promote the repair of nervous function.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Acupuncture Therapy , Brain , Pathology , Brain Injuries , Pathology , Therapeutics , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Cerebral Cortex , Pathology , Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein , Metabolism , Intermediate Filament Proteins , Metabolism , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Metabolism , Nestin , Neural Stem Cells , Metabolism , Pathology , Neurofilament Proteins , Metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
16.
Nutrition Research and Practice ; : 359-365, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-215480

ABSTRACT

Anthocyanin from purple sweet potato (PSP) extracted by microwave baking (MB) and acidified electrolyzed water (AEW) exhibited antioxidant activity. After further purification by macroporous AB-8 resin, the color value of PSP anthocyanin (PSPA) reached 30.15 with a total flavonoid concentration of 932.5 mg/g. The purified extracts had more potent antioxidant activities than the crude extracts. After continuously administering the PSP extracts to 12-mo-old mice for 1 mo, the anti-aging index of the experimental group was not significantly different from that of 5-mo-old mice. To a certain degree, PSPA was also effective for controlling plasma glucose levels in male Streptozocin (STZ)-treated diabetic mice. In addition, the extracts inhibited Sarcoma S180 cell growth in ICR mice. Mice consuming the PSP extracts formed significantly fewer and smaller sarcomas than mice consuming the control diets. The highest inhibition rate was 69.03%. These results suggest that anthocyanin extracts from PSP not only exert strong antioxidant effects in vitro, but also had anti-aging, anti-hyperglycemic, and anti-tumor activities.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Mice , Anthocyanins , Antioxidants , Complex Mixtures , Diet , Glucose , Ipomoea batatas , Mice, Inbred ICR , Microwaves , Plasma , Sarcoma , Streptozocin , Water
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 695-701, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242587

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Although thalamotomy could dramatically improve both parkinsonian resting tremor and essential tremor (ET), the mechanisms are obviously different. This study aimed to investigate the neuronal activities in the ventrolateral thalamus of Parkinson's disease (PD) and ET.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-six patients (PD: 20, ET: 16) were studied. Microelectrode recordings in the ventral oral posterior (Vop) and the ventral intermediate nucleus (Vim) of thalamus was performed on these patients who underwent thalamotomy. Electromyography (EMG) was recorded simultaneously on the contralateral limbs to surgery. Single unit analysis and the interspike intervals (ISIs) were measured for each neuronal type. ISI histogram and auto-correlograms were constructed to estimate the pattern of neuronal firing. Mann-Whitney test and Kruskal-Wallis (K-W) test were used to compare the mean spontaneous firing rate (MSFR) of neurons of PD and ET patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Three hundred and twenty-three neurons were obtained from 20 PD trajectories, including 151 (46.7%) tremor related neuronal activity, 74 neurons (22.9%) with tonic firing, and 98 (30.4%) neurons with irregular discharge. One hundred and eighty-seven neurons were identified from 16 ET trajectories including 46 (24.6%) tremor-related neuronal activity, 77 (41.2%) neurons with tonic firing, and 64 neurons (34.2%) with irregular discharge. The analysis of MSFR of neurons with tonic firing was 26.7 (3.4 - 68.3) Hz (n = 74) and that of neurons with irregular discharge (n = 98) was 13.9 (3.0 - 58.1) Hz in PD; whereas MSFR of neurons with tonic firing (n = 77) was 48.8 (19.0 - 135.5) Hz and that of neurons with irregular discharge (n = 64) was 26.3 (8.7 - 84.7) Hz in ET. There were significant differences in the MSFR of two types of neuron for PD and ET (K-W test, both P < 0.05). Significant differences in the MSFR of neuron were also obtained from Vop and Vim of PD and ET (16.3 Hz vs. 34.8 Hz, 28.0 Hz vs. 49.9 Hz) (K-W test, both P < 0.05), respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In consistent with recent findings, the decreased MSFR of neurons observed in the Vop is likely to be involved in PD whereas the increased MSFR of neurons seen in the Vim may be a cause of ET.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Essential Tremor , Neurons , Physiology , Parkinson Disease , Retrospective Studies , Ventral Thalamic Nuclei
18.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 701-707, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236423

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effects of amlodipine-based antihypertensive combination regimen on blood pressure control and impact on cardiovascular events.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From Oct. 2007 to Oct. 2008, a total of 13 542 hypertensive patients from 180 centers in China were included in this multi-centre randomized, controlled, blind-endpoint assessment clinical trial. Inclusion criteria were: essential hypertension, 50 - 79 years of age with at least one cardiovascular risk factor and signed consent forms. Patients were randomly assigned to receive low-dose amlodipine + diuretics (group A) or low-dose amlodipine + telmisartan (group T). The primary endpoints are composite of non-fatal stroke/myocardial infarction and cardiovascular death. All patients will be followed-up for 4 years.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The characteristics of patients between the two groups were similar: mean age (61.5 +/- 7.7) Yrs with 19% history of cerebrovascular diseases, 12% coronary diseases, 18% diabetes, 42% dyslipidemia, mean initial blood pressure 157/93 mm Hg. After 8-week treatment, mean blood pressure in group A and B were reduced to (133.0 +/- 11.0)/(81.0 +/- 7.6) mm Hg, (132.9 +/- 11.6)/(80.6 +/- 7.9) mm Hg respectively. Blood pressure control rates reached 72.1% and 72.6% in group A and T, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Amlodipine-based antihypertensive combination regimens achieved satisfactory blood pressure control rate in patients with essential hypertension in this patient cohort.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Amlodipine , Antihypertensive Agents , Benzimidazoles , Benzoates , Blood Pressure , Drug Therapy, Combination , Hypertension , Drug Therapy
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2308-2314, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307793

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>It has been proposed that parkinsonian motor signs result from hyperactivity in the output nucleus of the basal ganglia, which suppress the motor thalamus and cortical areas. This study aimed to explore the neuronal activity in the globus pallidus internus (GPi) and the ventrolateral thalamic nuclear group (ventral oral posterior/ventral intermediate, Vop/Vim) in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty patients with PD who underwent neurosurgery were studied. Microelectrode recording was performed in the GPi (n = 10) and the Vop/Vim (n = 10) intraoperatively. Electromyography (EMG) contralateral to the surgery was simultaneously performed. Single unit analysis was carried out. The interspike intervals (ISI) and coefficient of variation (CV) of ISI were calculated. Histograms of ISI were constructed. A unified Parkinson's disease rating scale (UPDRS) was used to assess the clinical outcome of surgery.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Three hundred and sixty-three neurons were obtained from 20 trajectories. Of 175 GPi neurons, there were 15.4% with tremor frequency, 69.2% with tonic firing, and 15.4% with irregular discharge. Of 188 thalamic neurons, there were 46.8% with tremor frequency, 22.9% with tonic firing, and 30.3% with irregular discharge. The numbers of three patterns of neuron in GPi and Vop/Vim were significantly different (P < 0.001). ISI analysis revealed that mean firing rate of the three patterns of GPi neurons was (80.9 +/- 63.9) Hz (n = 78), which was higher than similar neurons with 62.9 Hz in a normal primate. For the Vop/Vim group, ISI revealed that mean firing rate of the three patterns of neurons (n = 95) was (23.2 +/- 17.1) Hz which was lower than similar neurons with 30 Hz in the motor thalamus of normal primates. UPDRS indicated that the clinical outcome of pallidotomy was (64.3 +/- 29.5)%, (83.4 +/- 19.1)% and (63.4 +/- 36.3)%, and clinical outcome of thalamotomy was (92.2 +/- 12.9)%, (68.0 +/- 25.2)% and (44.3 +/- 27.2)% for tremor, rigidity and bradykinesia, respectively. A significant difference of tremor and rigidity was found between GPi and Vop/Vim (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Different changes in neuronal firing rate and the pattern in GPi and Vop/Vim are likely responsible for parkinsonian motor signs. The results support the view that abnormal neuronal activity in GPi and Vop/Vim are involved in the pathophysiology of parkinsonism.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Globus Pallidus , Neurons , Physiology , Parkinson Disease , Ventral Thalamic Nuclei
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2419-2422, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266054

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Subthalamic deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) has been shown to be effective in the treatment of Parkinson's disease. The site for permanent stimulation is still in debate. This study aimed to assess the position of active contacts in relation to the subthalamic nucleus.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We reviewed the location of 40 electrodes in 34 patients who underwent STN-DBS. The position of electrode was evaluated by postoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The position of active contacts was compared with the subthalamic nucleus (STN) determined by intraoperative electrophysiological mapping and postoperative MRI.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The average position of the 40 active contacts was (11.7 + or - 1.2) mm lateral, (0.6 + or - 1.3) mm anterior, and (0.7 + or - 1.4) mm vertical to the midcommissural point. The dorsal margin of the STN was (11.6 + or - 1.1) mm lateral, (0.2 + or - 1.1) mm anterior, and (1.3 + or - 1.1) mm vertical to the midcommissural point. When compared with the dorsal margin of the STN, the active contacts were located more dorsally (P = 0.033) and anteriorly (P = 0.012), no significant difference was found in the lateral direction (P = 0.107). When compared with the position of the STN, 26 (65%) of active contacts were located in the region dorsal to the STN, only 13 (32.5%) were located in the upper two-thirds portion of STN.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The site for permanent stimulation appears to be in the subthalamic region dorsal to the STN, close to the dorsal margin of the STN. Besides the dorsal portion of the STN, other structures such as fields of Forel H and zona incerta may also be involved in the therapeutic benefit of deep brain stimulation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Deep Brain Stimulation , Electrophysiology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Parkinson Disease , Pathology , Therapeutics , Subthalamic Nucleus , Pathology
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