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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879461

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effects of intramedullary nailing through suprapatellar approach with semiextended position in treating tibial fractures.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to June 2019, 23 patients with tibia fractures were treated with suprapatellar approach intramedullary nailing on knee semiextended position, including 18 males and 5 females, aged from 26 to 67 years old with an average age of (38.5±9.6) years old. Eight patients were tibial proximal fractures, 7 patients were tibial shaft fractures, 6 patients were tibial distal fractures and 2 patients were tibial segmental fractures. Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, complications and fracture healing time were recorded. Range of motivation of knee joint between 3 days and 3 months after operation were compared, Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) score and visual analogue scale (VAS) were used to evaluate clinical effects.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 8 to 19 months with an average of (12.3±7.6) months. Operation time was (55.3±5.1) min, intraoperative blood loss was (84.0±8.7) ml. No obvious complications occurred. All patients were achieved bony union at stageⅠ, fracture healing time ranged from 3 to 8 months with an average of (4.6±1.5) months. Flexion extension range of knee motion at 3 days after operation was (110.4±15.3)°, and increased to (123.7±16.5)° at 3 months after operation (@*CONCLUSION@#Intramedullary nailing through suprapatellar approach with semiextended position in treating tibia fractureshas advantages of simple operation, less trauma for soft tissue, less pain, rapid recovery of function and less complication. It is especially suitable for patients with tibial multi-segment fracture and multiple fractures of ipsilateral lower limb for safety and simple.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Nails , Diaphyses , Female , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tibia , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301846

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of locking plate fixation through lateral deltoid approach for proximal humeral fracture combined with micro-invasive percutaneous plating (MIPPO) technique.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From April 2009 to March 2012,26 patients with proximal humeral fractures were treated with proximal humeral locking system plate fixation through lateral deltoid approach, including 17 males and 9 females with an average age of 58 years old ranging from 28 to 76 years old. The time from injury to operation was 3 to 10 days (averaged 5.6 days). According to Neer typing for the proximal humeral fractures, 7 cases had 2 parts of fracture,15 had 3 parts of fracture,and 4 had 4 parts of fracture. The Neer score for shoulder function was evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up,and the duration ranged from 10 to 21 months (averaged 13.6 months). All patients were achieved bony union,the average healing time was 12.5 weeks (ranged from 10 to 21 weeks). No humeral head necrosis and axillary nerve injury occurred. According to Neer scoring system,the total score was 88.36 +/- 7.82, pain 30.82 +/- 3.24, function 23.76 +/- 5.71, activity 17.59 +/- 5.36, anatomical position 7.03 +/- 2.39; the result was excellent in 18 cases, good in 5 cases, fair in 2 cases, poor in 1 case.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Lateral deltoid approach combined with locking plate fixation for treatment of proximal humeral fracture has advantages of small invasion,less blood lossing, short operative time, stable fixation, high rate of fracture healing, and satisfactory functional recovery.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Humans , Humeral Fractures , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Shoulder Fractures , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344723

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical results and influence factors in surgical treatment of the Lisfranc joint injury.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From Jan. 2009 to Nov. 2011 ,13 patients (14 feet) with Lisfranc joiat injury received open reduction and screw or wire or external fixation including 9 males and 4 females with an average age of 42 years old ranging from 18 to 61 years. According to the Myerson classification,there were 1 case of type A, 9 of type B and 4 of type C. All the patients received open reduction and internal (1 with external) fixation with screw or Kirschner wire within 22 days after injury. The postoperative function was estimated by mid-foot scoring scale of AOFAS. X-ray were used in radiography estimation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the patients were followed up for 5 to 30 months (averaged 20 months). According to mid-foot scoring scale of AOFAS,there were 8 feet with excellent results,4 with good and 2 with fair results. The anatomical reduction was observed in 12 feet and all the patients obtained bony union according to the results of X-ray.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Open reduction and internal fixation is a good choice for the treatment of Lisfranc joint injury. A preoperative estimate,proper reduction during operation and maintainence after operation may influence the clinical results.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Foot Injuries , General Surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tarsal Joints , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321894

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the methods and therapeutic effects of trans-fibular anterior-lateral approach combined with external fixation in the treatment of Gustilo III distal tibiofibula fractures.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From 2007 to 2010,9 patients including 7 males and 2 females with the mean age of 40 years(ranging from 29 to 51 years). All patients received internal fixation of fibula after debridement on the first phase, external fixator were used to fix tibia across ankle joint, and removed after successful skin graft; The second phase tibia was used to fix through the lateral incision used in phase I. Early functional exercise was encouraged ,the union condition and functional results of the ankle joint was evealuated. The criteria of the AOFAS Foot and Ankle Surgery was used to evaluate the effects.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up,and the duration ranged for 8 to 37 months(averaged 21 months). Nine patients were achieved bony union, the average healing time was 24 weeks. No plate rupture or screw loosening was found. According to the AOFAS Foot and Ankle Surgery evaluation system, 3 cases got excellent results, 4 good cases and 2 fair.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Trans-fibular anterior-lateral approach combined with external fixation for Gustilo III distal tibiofibula fractures can receive satisfactory reset, debond ankle joint eralier and imporove the clinical effects.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Fibula , Fracture Fixation , Methods , Fractures, Bone , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Radiography , Tibia , Treatment Outcome
5.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 581-583, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243124

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To present a classification of the deviated nose with unilateral cleft lip and the associated surgical correction.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 176 cases of nasal deformities with unilateral cleft lip treated in Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Ninth People's Hospital, College of Stomatology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine & Shanghai Research Institute of Stomatology & Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology from 2007 to 2009 were analyzed. Depending on the relationship between the external pyramid and the facial midline, the nasal deviations with cleft lip were classified into 3 types: I, deviated bony pyramid, II, deviated cartilaginous pyramid; III, deviated lobular. The surgical treatment included surgical correction of deviated bony pyramid, deviated cartilaginous pyramid, deviated lobular and deviated septa.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 176 patients, there were 97 males and 79 females, aging from 16 to 42 years with a mean of 20. There were 93 patients without deviated and 83 patients with deviated. Among the 83 deviated patients, deviated bony pyramid was found in 8 (10%), deviated cartilaginous pyramid in 29 (35%), deviated lobular in 46 (55%). Most patients who underwent surgical correction were satisfied.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>There were nearly half of the unilateral cleft lip nasal deformity presenting with deviated noses. There was least deviated bony pyramid and most deviated lobular in the unilateral cleft lip deviated nose. The proposed classification for the deviated nose with unilateral cleft lip could serve as a practical guide for surgical planning.</p>


Subject(s)
Academies and Institutes , Adolescent , Adult , Cartilage , China , Cleft Lip , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Nasal Septum , Congenital Abnormalities , General Surgery , Nose , Congenital Abnormalities , General Surgery , Oral Medicine , Rhinoplasty , Surgery, Oral , Young Adult
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316193

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize the surgical technique and the clinical results of small acetabular components combined with medial protrusio technique in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) for the treatment of Crowe type IV congenital hip dislocation (CHD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2000 to December 2005, total 14 patients (16 hips) of Crowe type IV CHD underwent cementless THA (12 unilateral, 2 bilateral) with this new technique. There were 2 males and 12 females with an average age of 49 years (range, 38 to 75 years). The indications for surgery was severe hip pain and leg length discrepancy with difficulty in walking and activating. Cup design: Duraloc (Depuy, Warsaw, USA) in 10 hips, Pressfit S II (LINK, Germany) in 6 hips. The outside diameter of the cup was 42 to 44 mm; and the thickness of the polyethylene liner was 6 to 7 mm. Total hip replacement were performed with the medial protrusion technique to stabilize the fit of a hemispherical metal cup in the acetabulum. The hip functions were evaluated by Harris hip score. The muscle strength of the gluteus medius and gait were respectively evaluated in accordance with the standards of five and four classes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The X-ray showed that the average superolateral bone coverage in these 16 hips (none of which had bone graft) was more than 98 percent. The cup was an average of (5.8 +/- 1.2) mm medial and (6.2 +/- 1.7) mm superior to the Ranawat triangle. The follow-up period ranged from 3 to 9 years. The Harris hip score improved from 25 to 32 preoperatively to 90 to 98 1 year postoperatively. X-ray showed that perforated area of the medial acetabulum were repaired with healed bone mud 4 to 8 months after operation. The rate of linear wear of the polyethylene liner averaged (0.10 +/- 0.03) mm each year. Until now, no aseptic loosening or osteolysis was identified around the acetabulum components, no acetabular components were revised for loosening or other reasons.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Small acetabular components combined with medial protrusio technique is a simple, reliable and flexible surgical technique. Early and mid-term result in total hip arthroplasty with this technique for the treatment of Crowe type IV CHD is satisfactory.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetabulum , Metabolism , General Surgery , Adult , Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Female , Hip Dislocation, Congenital , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prosthesis Design
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300262

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study effective operation method of congenital velopharyngeal insufficiency by reviewing clinical data of 29 patients with pharyngoplasties.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>29 patients (9 male and 20 female, ranged from 4 to 25 years old, mean age was 13.5) with congenital velopharyngeal insufficiency were available for this study. All cases received Chinese speech intelligibility test and blowing test before and after the pharyngeal flap surgery.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Chinese speech intelligibility of 29 cases who underwent pharyngoplasties was improved from 33.86% to 43.13%, and the blowing time was increased from 4.60 to 17.72 seconds, the degree of abnormal speech was reduced.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The pharyngeal flap surgery is an effective method for congenital velopharyngeal insufficiency, which reduces hypernasality and increases oral pressure, improves the velopharyngeal function.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Pharynx , Retrospective Studies , Surgical Flaps , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency
8.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 179-181, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253752

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a method for assist design of the posterior pharyngeal flap (PPF).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The width, length of velopharyngeal space in repose and phonation of "i" in 26 cases with VPI were measured with CT. The width and length of PPF needed, the location of the pedicle and the contact position with the soft palate were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The width of velopharyngeal space in repose ranged from 15.10 to 37.25 mm, with the average of 27.01 mm, the length was 12.54 to 30.39 mm, with the average of 22.10 mm. The width in phonation of "i" was 9.11 to 34.06 mm, with the average of 17.69 mm, the position of the pedicle wasall located at the level of the first cervical vertebra or above and the contact area of the flap with the soft palate was in the middle posterior 1/3 mostly.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>As a method to quantitatively evaluate velopharyngeal function, CT can assist in design for the PPF.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Cleft Palate , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Pharynx , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Surgical Flaps , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery
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