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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1226-1230, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705180

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effect of rhynchophyl-line on the expression of tyrosine hydroxylase ( TH) in hippocampus of methamphetamine-induced condition place preference ( CPP) mice. Methods Metham- phetamine was injected intraperitoneally to mice, and the expression of TH was observed by immunohisto-chemistry and Western blot. Results The CPP mouse model was established successfully by methamphet-amine ( 4 mg·kg-1) . Ketamine ( 15 mg·kg-1) , rhynchophylline low dosage group (40 mg·kg-1) and rhynchophylline high dosage group ( 80 mg·kg-1) could remove the effect of methamphetamine on CPP mice. The result of immunohistochemistry showed that methamphetamine ( 4 mg·kg-1) could increase the number of TH positive cells in hippocampus while ket-amine (4 mg·kg-1), rhynchophylline (40, 80 mg· kg-1) group could attenuate the change. Western blot-ting indicated the expression of TH of model group in-creased significantly, whereas ketamine ( 15 mg· kg-1) , rhynchophylline ( 40, 80 mg·kg-1) group presented less expression. Conclusions The CPP in-duced by methamphetamine in mice may be inhibited to some extent by rhynchophylline, and its mechanism may be associated with the expression of TH.

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 756-759, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705122

ABSTRACT

Exosomes are nanoscale vesicles produced and secre-ted into extracellular fluid by all cells. They mediate cell com-munication through carrying and transferring informational car-goes ( proteins, nucleic acids, lipids and so on ) to recipient cells. In central nervous system, exosomes can be released from all cell types including neurons, neural stem cells and neuroglia cells. These exosomes shuttle nucleic acids ( miRNAs, mRNAs and so on) and play an important role in nervous system devel-opment and function as well as diseases including Alzheimer's disease and drug addiction. Furthermore, the functional effects and targeting characteristics of exosomes-shuttle-RNAs suggest that exosomes-shuttle-RNAs can be diagnostic and therapeutic targets. In this review, we elaborate the effects, functions and mechanisms of exosomes-shuttle-RNAs in order to gain a new recognition of CNS development and diseases.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692243

ABSTRACT

In this work,a highly sensitive electrochemical biosensor for the detection of trace adenosine triphosphate (ATP) was proposed.The biosensor was based on porous anodic alumina (PAA) and SiO2 nanoparticles combining with several oligonucleotides to construct sandwich structure.It was characterized by scanning electron microscopy,fluorescence microscopy,differential pulse voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy,which conformed to the reliability of the biosensor fabrication and the feasibility of the detection.In the presence of ATP,the sandwich structures could be destroyed.The variation of the current was directly corresponding to the amount of the ATP.The application of SiO2nanoparticles could effectively reduce the background and increase the sensitivity of the biosensor.The calibration curve of ATP was obtained in the range of 0.025-0.900 nmol/L with the detection limit of 13 pmol/L (S/N=3).Also,the biosensor exhibited a good specificity.Besides,the sensor was constructed easily and possessed excellent regeneration ability.The proposed biosensor was applied in detection of real sample such as mice blood.Therefore,the proposed ATP-sensing biosensor could be expected to be applied in clinical,pharmaceutical and environmental detection.

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