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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942482


Objective: To investigate the effect of autoinflation on the prognosis of OME in children. Methods: Total of 325 pediatric patients, age ranged from 3 to 8 years, with OME(486 ears)diagnosed in our department from January 2019 to January 2020 were collected. Among them, 177 were males, 148 were females. Disease course ranged from 25 to 86 days. According to watchful waiting and autoinflation application during follow-up, these children were divided into two groups including 183 cases(271 ears) and 142 cases(215 ears), respectively. The average auditory threshold and tympanogram curve type in two groups were analyzed in the period of 3 months follow-up, and the recovery of OME was evaluated. Results: At the end of 1- and 2- month follow-up, the auditory threshold of patients in autoinflation group was significantly lower than that in watchful waiting group (t=2.139 5 and 2.680 6, P<0.05). However, at the end of 3- month follow-up, there was no significant difference between two groups (t=1.158 5, P>0.05). At the end of 1-, 2- and 3- month follow-up, 89 (33%, 89/271), 200 (74%, 200/271), 220 (81%, 220/271) and 176 (82%, 176/215), 178 (83%, 178/215), 183 (85%, 183/215) ears in watchful waiting group and autoinflation group had a hearing threshold <20 dB HL, respectively, in which ears with auditory threshold<20 dB HL in watchful waiting group were significantly less than those in autoinflation group at the end of 1 and 2 month follow-up (P<0.05), However, ears with auditory threshold<20 dB HL in watchful waiting group were not significantly different from that in the autoflation group at the end of 3- month follow-up (P>0.05). The proportion of ears with type A tympanogram curve was 74%(159/215), 79%(170/215), and 85%(183/215) at the end of 1-, 2- and 3- month follow-up in autoinflation group and 36%(98/271), 71%(192/271) and 76%(206/271) in watchful waiting group, respectively. Proportion of ears with type A tympanogram curve in autoflation group was significantly higher than that in watchful waiting group (P<0.05). Conclusion: Autoinflation can improve the hearing of children with OME in early stage, restore normal middle ear pressure, increase recovery rate, and reduce the choice of surgical treatment of OME.

Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Auditory Threshold , Hearing , Middle Ear Ventilation , Otitis Media with Effusion/diagnosis , Prognosis
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692286


Three kinds of glass sharp electrospray ionization devices were built for direct mass spectrometry (MS) analysis using sharp slide,slender capillary and sharp dropper. Through the simulation experiment and mass spectrometry experimental investigation,the influence of the experimental conditions was studied. Under the optimum working conditions such as the electrospray tip diameter was less than 0.24 mm, the distance between the electrospray tip and the MS sample inlet was 10 mm, the electrospray voltage was 4.5 kV, the electrospray capillary angle was about 5.0°-7.5° (upper at back) and the left and right angles were 0°, 0.1 mg/mL sample solution(containing 1% formic acid for positive ion detection,or ammonium hydroxide for negative ion detection) could be well analyzed by MS. In positive or negative ion modes, the quinine, mandelic acid,benzoin,phenylalanine and other different types of sample solutions were analyzed by MS. The result showed that quinine,mandelic acid,benzoin,phenylalanine,tartaric acid,2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (DHB) and tangeretin could be detected in positive ion mode using sharp dropper electrospray. DHB, phenylalanine, tartaric acid and mandelic acid were detected in negative ion mode. Sharp slide electrospray was suitable for measuring the stable sample in the air, capillary electrospray and sharp dropper electrospray were suitable for detecting many low viscosity sample solution even instable sample. Using the method, the extraction solution of propranolol hydrochloride tablet and berberine hydrochloride tablet was directly analyzed by MS. The results showed that the glass sharp electrospray method had the advantages such as without carrier gas, simple structure, easy to build and operate, rapid analysis, anti-cross pollution, and could be conveniently used for MS analysis.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235114


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of losartan on the expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP1) and transforming growth factor-β(1) (TGF-β(1)) in the kidney of rats with unilateral urethral obstruction (UUO) and evaluate protective effect of losartan against reanal interstitial fibrosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rat models of UUO were treated with losartan at the routine dose, high dose, and very high dose (50, 200, and 500 mg/kg daily, respectively), and saline was given to UUO model rats and rats with sham operation. At 7, 14, and 21 days, the tail cuff blood pressure (TCP), 24-h urine protein (Upro), serum Scr, BUN, K(+), percentage of renal damage and renal interstitial fibrosis (%INT) were measured in the rats. MCP1 protein in the renal tissues was detected using immunohistochemistry, and MCP1 and TGF-β(1) mRNA expressions were assayed using RT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>As the UUO prolonged, Upro, TCP, tubular damage, %INT, and MCP1 and TGF-β(1) mRNA expressions all increased significantly (P<0.05). High and very high doses of losartan, compared with the routine dose, obviously reversed these changes.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>High-dose losartan can effectively control blood pressure, reduce renal damage and fibrosis, and inhibit MCP1 and TGF-β(1) expression in rats with UUO, and at a very high dose, losartan can more effectively reduce 24-h Upro than the high-dose group. High and very high doses of losartan offer better protective effect on the kidney in rats with UUO.</p>

Animals , Male , Rats , Chemokine CCL2 , Metabolism , Fibrosis , Kidney , Metabolism , Pathology , Losartan , Pharmacology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Metabolism , Ureteral Obstruction , Drug Therapy