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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1504-1509, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922286

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of arsenic disulfide (AS@*METHODS@#The human DLBCL cell OCI-LY3 was treated with different concentrations of AS@*RESULTS@#The DLBCL cell viability was decreased significantly at 24, 48 or 72 h as cultured with itraconazole. Along with the increasing of itraconazole concentration, the DLBCL cell viability was significantly reduced as compared with that in control group, and the results showed statistically significant(r=-0.690,r=-0.639, r=-0.833, r=-0.808, r=-0.578). The inhibitory and apoptosis rates of the cells were significantly increased as compared with those of the single drug-treated group after treated by the combination of itraconazole and AS@*CONCLUSION@#Itraconazole can inhibit proliferation of DLBCL cells in a concentration-and time-dependent manner. In addition, the combination of AS


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Arsenicals , Hedgehog Proteins , Humans , Itraconazole/pharmacology , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Sulfides
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1727-1738, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881568

ABSTRACT

In the research and development of new drugs, it is very important to investigate the in vitro metabolism of candidate drugs. Traditional models such as liver microsomes have many limitations, while the in vitro model of recombinant human drug metabolizing enzymes is considered as an important and useful approach because of its convenient access, stable activity and low cost. In this study, six major human UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) genes (UGT1A1, 1A3, 1A4, 1A6, 1A9 and 2B7) were cloned from human liver cDNA and heterologously expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and baculovirus-infected insect cell. UGT1A1, 1A3, 1A6 and 1A9 were successfully expressed in yeast and showed glucuronidation activity against a variety of different structural types of substrates, but their activities were low. All six UGTs were successfully expressed and exhibited significantly improved glucuronidation activity when Trichopolusia ni cells BTI-TN5B1-4 (High Five) were used as the host. The recombinant human UGTs expressed in insect cells can catalyze the glucuronidation of their specific substrates, and the glucuronidation products were synthesized at milligram-scale with yields of 13%-66% for the first time, of which the structures were identified via MS, 1H NMR, and 13C NMR spectroscopic analysis. Above all, the recombinant human UGTs yeast and insect cell expression systems constructed in this study can be used for in vitro metabolism evaluation in the early stage of new drugs research and development, and also provide a new tool for the synthesis of glucuronide metabolites.

3.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 687-692, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-858013

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To apply DNA barcoding coupled with high resolution melting analysis to distinguish Gentiana rhodantha from its adulterants. METHODS: The internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) barcode was selected for HRM analysis to produce standard melting profile of the selected species. RESULTS: The ITS2 molecular regions coupled with HRM analysis can effectively differentiate five herbal species, including two Gentiana rhodantha and their four common adulterants. CONCLUSION: DNA barcoding coupled with HRM analysis is a accurate, reliable, rapid, cost-effective and robust tool, which may contribute to the quality control of traditional Chinese medicine in the natural health product industry.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250426

ABSTRACT

Acylation conducted by acyltransferase is a ubiquitous process in structure modification of secondary metabolites. It plays an important role in the structural diversity of natural products and contributes significantly to their improved stabilities, increased solubilities, and enhanced bioavailabilities. BAHD acyltransferase family is a typical kind of acyltransferase original from plants, which involved in the biosynthesis of various bioactive acylated natural products. In order to provide references for future investigations of BAHD acyltransferase family, research progresses on basic properties, three-dimensional structures, catalytic mechanisms, enzymatic functional identifications and phylogenetic analyses of BAHD family from plants is summarized in this paper.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 501-505, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251113

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To determine whether low dose of estrogen in combination with ginsenosides can completely prevent bone loss in ovariectomized rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Four-month-old ovariectomized rats were treated either with 100 and 300 mg.kg-1 of ginsenosides or 30 and 100 micrograms.kg-1 of 17 alpha-ethynylestradiol alone, or ginsenosides 100 mg.kg-1 in combination with 17 alpha-ethynylestradiol 30 micrograms.kg-1 for 10 weeks. Double in vivo fluorochrome labeling was made. The undecalcified longitudinal proximal tibial metaphyseal sections were processed and stained with Goldner's trichrome for histomorphometric analysis of the bone.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Body weights and serum cholesterol were increased in ovariectomized (OVX) rats. The rats lost 74% of bone volume and high bone turnover was induced after OVX compared with the sham group. Bone volume increased by 205% in the high dose estrogen treated group while it was increased by 105% in the low dose group. The two doses of estrogen were shown to inhibit osteoclasts surface (by -65% and -55%, P < 0.01) and decrease bone turnover rate (by -85% and -83%, P < 0.01). High dose of estrogen was found to inhibit growth and stimulate uterine weight gain in rats while low dose did not. High dose of ginsenosides increased bone volume by 84% (P < 0.01) and decreased bone turnover rate by -64% (P < 0.05) while lower dose of ginsenosides did not. However, low dose ginsenosides combined with low dose estrogen achieved well preventive effects: increase of 202% in bone volume, decrease of 66% in bone turnover rate and 72% in osteoclasts surface. The combined effect in preventing bone loss equals to that the high dose of estrogen alone did.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Use of low dose of estrogen plus ginsenosides showed synergistic effect on prevention of osteoporosis induced by ovariectomy.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Density , Bone Resorption , Disease Models, Animal , Drug Synergism , Drug Therapy, Combination , Ethinyl Estradiol , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Ginsenosides , Therapeutic Uses , Osteoporosis , Pathology , Ovariectomy , Panax , Chemistry , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Random Allocation , Rats , Tibia , Pathology
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