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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 574-584, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779910

ABSTRACT

In this study, we used a mathematic-based modeling system to screen the cytokines that are sensitive to Zhuangguguanjie wan (ZGW)-induced idiosyncratic liver injury. The values of 27 cytokines were used as the data source in rat liver of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) + ZGW group. The alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activity value of liver function indexes was used as the outcome evaluation index of liver injury. Cytokines of ZGW-induced idiosyncratic liver injury were screened using Logistic regression, random forest method, LASSO Logistics regression and method of combining rule discovery algorithm with LASSO, and cytokines filtered out were revalued in THP1 macrophage. Susceptible cytokine combinations:interleukin-1β (IL-1β), epidermal growth factor (EGF) and interleukin-18 (IL-18) closely related to ZGW-induced idiosyncratic liver injury were obtained after preliminary screening analysis. The result of revalued in THP1 showed that the ethanolic extract of ZGW (EtZ) combined with IL-1β or IL-18 synergistically enhanced tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) secretion in THP1 macrophage, and EtZ combined with IL-1β significantly enhanced interleukin-6 (IL-6) secretion in THP1 macrophage, but EtZ combined with EGF markedly inhibited IL-6 secretion in THP1 macrophage. The results suggest that the sensitive cytokines that can be characterized in the ZGW-induced idiosyncratic liver injury are IL-1β and IL-18, which provides a basis for screening the ZGW-induced idiosyncratic liver injury patients, and a new experimental evidence for clinical safety medication and risk prevention of ZGW.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1033-1040, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779691

ABSTRACT

On basis of the idiosyncratic lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-mediated hepatotoxicity model, liver injury induced by Zhuangguguanjie wan(ZGW)was evaluated, and the mechanism was explored. Idiosyncratic hepatotoxicity model was established in rats by injecting LPS at a dosage of 2.8 mg·kg-1. Rats were randomly divided into the normal control group, LPS group, ZGW group and LPS+ZGW group. Alanine aminotransferase(ALT)and aspartate aminotransferase(AST)activities were analyzed in serum; pathological changes(HE staining)and the content of cytokines of liver were tested; and immune cell subpopulation ration were determined in blood and liver. Compared with the control group, the ZGW group and LPS group had no significant changes in ALT, AST and liver pathology(P> 0.05); while the ZGW+LPS group exhibited an elevation in ALT and AST(P< 0.05). Disorder of liver lobular arrangement and irregular island-like or massive necrosis of liver cells were observed in the group. Several cytokines in the liver were increased in LPS group and ZGW+LPS group(P< 0.05 or P< 0.01), and the level in ZGW+LPS group was higher than that of LPS group. Compared with the control group, the ratio of CD3+ T cell/lymphocyte of blood in LPS group was significantly decreased(P< 0.01); while the percentage of CD3+ T cells in the liver were significantly increased(P< 0.05). The contents of immune cells of blood had no significant changes between LPS group and ZGW+LPS group(P> 0.05). CD3+ T cell in the liver of ZGW+LPS group was significantly increased over the LPS group(P< 0.05). Aggregation or activity of CD3+ T cell was increased by ZGW combined with LPS. These results suggest that ZGW could promote T lymphocyte recruitment to liver under the immune activation state leading to inflammatory response, which may contribute to idiosyncratic liver injury.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292467

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of combined occupational exposure of chromium and iron on erythrocyte metabolism, and the possible mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 115 chromate production workers were selected in a chemical factory of Jinan as exposure group, Dec, 2008, and 60 healthy residents from a community which was far away from the factory were enrolled as control group. Environmental concentrations of chromium and iron were collected by filter membrane sampling and determined. The peripheral blood of subjects were collected for determination of chromium, iron, copper in whole blood and folate, vitamin B₁₂ in serum, mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) and mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and correlation analysis was conducted.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The median (quartile interval) concentration of air-chromium and air-iron in workplace were 9.0 (10.5) and 11.2 (10.1) µg/m³, respectively, which were significantly higher than that of the control (0.1 (0.1) and 7.2 (2.5) µg/m³) (all P values < 0.01). Blood-chromium and blood-iron of the exposed group were 15.5 (14.1) µg/L and (895.1 ± 90.2) mg/L, which were significantly higher than the counterpart of the control (3.6(2.0) µg/L, (563.7 ± 49.3) mg/L) (all P values < 0.01). Serum folate ((6.9 ± 2.5) µg/L), serum vitamin B₁₂ ((396.4 ± 177.0) µg/L) and blood copper ((777.6 ± 103.5) µg/L) of the exposed group were all significantly lower comparing to the control group ((558.0 ± 330.8), (8.1 ± 3.8), (812.1 ± 94.6) µg/L) (all P values < 0.05). The relationships between blood chromium and serum folate, serum vitamin B₁₂ were statistical significant (r = -0.319 and -0.293, P < 0.01). Both serum vitamin B₁₂ and blood copper correlated with mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) and mean corpuscular volume (MCV) (r = -0.223, -0.242, -0.261, -0.292, all P values < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Combined chromium and iron exposure existed in the workplace. Adverse effect of Chromium on human erythrocyte may via folate and vitamin B₁₂ metabolism, while iron may via copper metabolism.</p>


Subject(s)
Air Pollutants, Occupational , Chromates , Chromium , Copper , Blood , Erythrocytes , Metabolism , Folic Acid , Blood , Humans , Iron , Occupational Exposure , Vitamin B 12 , Blood
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230499

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the best acupoint combination of acupuncture-assisted anesthesia in gynecologic laparoscopy operation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ninety patients, with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I - II, and scheduled for elective gynecologic laparoscopy operation, were randomly divided into 3 groups, 30 cases in each group. Group I received only general anesthesia, group II and group III received general anesthesia after Han's acupoint nerve stimulator (HANS) administered for 30 min, bilateral Zusanli (ST 36) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) were selected for group II, and bilateral Hegu (LI 4) and Taichong (LR 3) were selected for group III. During operation, the concentration of Seveflurine was adjusted to maintain NTS at D1-D2. The change of ETsev value was recorded, the heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) were observed, and the time from the end of operation to extubation, awake time were recorded adverse events such as restlessness, shivering, postoperative pain, nausea and vomiting, cases of respiratory depression, the analepsia quality, the time of first anus exhaust, the awaking of patient in operation and satisfactory of patients after surgery were recorded so as to evaluate the effect of acupuncture anesthesia.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with group I, the ETsev in group II was decreased 35% (P < 0.05), group ifi was decreased 25% (P < 0.05), with a significant difference between group II and group III (P < 0.05). BP and HR had more stability in group II and group III, the best in group II. As for the time from the end of operation to extubation and the time from the end of operation to open the eye on command, group I was the longest (all P < 0.05), group III was longer, group II was the shortest. The score of restlessness, postoperative pain, vomiting and in analepsia were the highest in group I (all P < 0.05), higher in group III and the lowest in group II. Consciousness score was lowest in group I (P < 0.05). As for the satisfactory of patient after operation, it was higher in group II and group IIII (both P < 0.05 ) than group I. The time of first anus exhaust in group II and group III were significantly shorter than that in group I (both P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Han's acupoint nerve stimulator has a certain adjuvant action for general anesthesia and analgesia and acupuncture point combination with both Zusanli (ST 36)and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) have the best effect in gynecologic laparoscopy operation. It can decrease the dosage of anaesthetic, has a stable effect on HR and BP during the surgery and has a better quality of analepsia.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Analgesia , Acupuncture Points , Adolescent , Adult , Blood Pressure , Female , Genital Diseases, Female , Diagnosis , Heart Rate , Humans , Laparoscopy , Middle Aged , Young Adult
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671638

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the melancholia incidence in the convalescence period of cerebral hemorrhage and its correlated factors.Methods Ninety-eight cerebral hemorrhage patients in the convalescence period were involved in this study.Melancholia was assessed by Hamilton depression scale (HAMD),neural functional deficiency was assessed by the national institute of health stroke scale (NIHSS),cognitive function deficiency was assessed by the Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) and neural functional deficiency recovery was assessed by modified Rankin scale (mRS).Hemorrhagic site and blood quantity were detected with CT.The blood flow of middle cerebral artery (MCA),anterior cerebral artery (ACA),posterior cerebral artery (PCA) was detected by TCD.Results The melancholia incidence in the convalescence period was 51.0%(50/98),34.0%(17/50) in males and 68.8%(33/48) in females,there was significant difference between the two (P < 0.05 ).The scores of NIHSS and mRS had significantly positive correlation with HAMD (P < 0.05 ),and had significantly negative correlation with MoCA (P < 0.05 ).When the hemorrhagic site was in frontal lobe and blood quantity was 20-40 ml,the melancholia incidence was increased [76.2% (16/21),62.5% (25/40)].The average blood velocity of MCA,ACA and PCA in melancholia patients was significantly slower than that without melancholia patients,while resistance index was significantly higher in melancholia patients (P < 0.05).Conclusions Melancholia incidence in the convalescence period of cerebral hemorrhage has positive correlation with sex,NIHSS,MoCA,hemorrhagic site and blood quantity.The average cerebral blood flow in the melancholia patients is significantly slower and resistance index is significantly higher.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254863

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To probe into the optimal frequency of electroacupuncture for the access to the best anesthesia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty cases of optional thyroid surgery were randomly divided into group A, group B and group C, 20 cases in each group. In group A, 2 Hz/100 Hz disperse-dense wave was selected in stimulation. In group B, 2 Hz/15 Hz disperse-dense wave was selected. Group C was the control group without electric stimulation applied. Hegu (LI 4) and Neiguan (PC 6) were stimulated bilaterally. Cervical plexus block was produced after 15 min acupuncture. The concentration changes in plasma cortisone (COR) and beta-endorphin (beta-EP) were compared among 4 time-points, named before anesthesia (T1), before skin incision after induction (T2), thyroid traction in surgery (T3) and the end of surgery (T4).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Group B achieved the highest significant rate of analgesia (50.0%, 10/20) and that in group C was the lowest (10.0%, 2/20). COR content was the highest at T2 in group A and that was the lowest at T3 in group B. At the end of surgery, COR content was up the maximum in 3 groups, but still COR content was the lowest in group B in comparison. The plasma beta-EP content decreased apparently at T3 and T4 in group B as compared with the value before (both P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In electroacupuncture-assisted anesthesia, 2 Hz/15 Hz disperse-dense wave achieves the optimal anesthesia compared with 2 Hz/100 Hz disperse-dense wave, and moreover inhibits stress reaction induced by anesthesia surgery.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Analgesia , Adult , Electroacupuncture , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Thyroid Diseases , Blood , General Surgery , Thyroid Gland , General Surgery , Young Adult , beta-Endorphin , Blood
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