Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 53
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927854

ABSTRACT

BR55 is an ultrasound contrast agent targeting vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2,which can be used to detect tumor neovascularization and improve the diagnostic accuracy.Overseas researchers have used BR55 for human ultrasound molecular imaging,which showed good safety and tolerance.We reviewed the research progress on BR55 applied in the evaluation of tumor neovascularization from the composition,characteristics,animal experiments,and clinical studies of BR55.


Subject(s)
Animals , Contrast Media , Humans , Microbubbles , Molecular Imaging/methods , Neovascularization, Pathologic/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography/methods , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2/analysis
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 331-342, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922912

ABSTRACT

Ionic liquids (ILs) are liquid mixtures formed by anions and cations in a certain stoichiometric ratio under certain conditions. They are widely used in various fields because of their simple preparation process, low volatility, high stability, high conductivity and non-flammability. Here, we firstly introduce their formation principles, classification, and physical and chemical properties in detail. Then, we summarize their functions in pharmaceutical preparations, such as improving the solubility of insoluble drugs, enhancing the stability of drugs, and promoting the permeability of drugs, as well as their role as active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) to fabricate new drug delivery systems of API-ILs. Finally, we reviewed the applications of ILs in different administration routes, including oral, transdermal, mucosal, and injection routes, and meanwhile offer perspectives for the further use of ILs.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 205-211, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781619

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Angiogenesis and hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) play major roles in solid tumors. This study aimed to establish a longitudinal and multimodal imaging model for in vivo evaluation of HIF1α and angiogenesis in breast cancer.@*METHODS@#By transfection of a 5 hypoxia-responsive element (HRE)/green fluorescent protein (GFP) plasmid, the cell line Ca761-hre-gfp was established, which emitted green fluorescence triggered by HIF-1α under hypoxia. The cells were subjected to CoCl2-simulated hypoxia to confirm the imaging strategy. We grew Ca761-hre-gfp cells in the left rear flanks of twelve 615 mice. Experiments were conducted on days 4, 9, 15, and 19. For in vivo analysis, Ca761-hre-gfp subcutaneous allografted tumors were imaged in vivo using contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and fluorescence imaging (FLI) during tumor development. The tumor size, CEUS peak intensity, and FLI photons were measured to evaluate tumor growth, angiogenesis, and HIF-1α activity, respectively. After each experiment, three mice were randomly sacrificed and tumor specimens were collected to examine HIF-1α activity and the microvessel density (MVD).@*RESULTS@#In vitro, both green fluorescence and HIF-1α expression were detected in Ca761-hre-gfp cells treated with CoCl2, indicating the suitability of the cells to detect HIF-1α activity. In vivo, HIF-1α activity first increased and then decreased, which was significantly correlated with angiogenic changes (r = 0.803, P = 0.005). These changes were confirmed by immunohistochemical staining of HIF-1α and MVD.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The findings validated the Ca761-hre-gfp murine allograft model for reliable evaluation of HIF-1α activity and angiogenesis longitudinally using both molecular and pre-clinical non-invasive imaging modalities. The cell line may be useful for studies of anti-HIF pathway therapies.

4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1283-1291, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827125

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the effect of clinical features, routine laboratory examination and related gene mutation on the OS of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).@*METHODS@#121 patients diagnosed as MDS and underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from October 2013 to August 2018 were selected. Basic information of the patients was collected, and blood cells, bone marrow blasts at initial diagnosis, chromosomal karyotypes and gene mutations of the patients were detected.The effect of different factors on overall survival (OS) was analyzed by statistical method.@*RESULTS@#Kaplan-Meier univariate analysis shows that OS was significanly different among different age groups. The 3-year OS rate of patients aged 0-29 years was (83.3±7.7) %, the 3-year OS rate in patients aged 30-49 years was (58.1±7.7 %), and the 3-year OS rate of patients aged 50-69 years was (31.0±22.6) %, which was statistically different (P<0.05) between different groups. There were also significant differences in OS among patients with different transplantation types. 3-year OS rate: HLA-matched sibling HSCT>unrelated HLA-matched HSCT>haploidentical HSCT>micro HSCT. The OS rate of patients with bone marrow blasts≥10% seems lower than blasts<10%, but there was no statistical difference.The 3-year OS rate of patients with chromosomal karyotype complex abnormality was (47.7±11.5) %, and that of patients without complex abnormality was (80±4.2) % which was statistical difference (P<0.05). Patients with DNMT3A, NRAS, TP53 and GATA2 mutations had shorter OS time compared with patients without mutation of these genes, which shows statistically significant (P<0.05). COX multivariate analysis showed that age, chromosome karyotype, DNMT3A, TET2, GATA2 and NRAS were the independent factors influencing OS of patients after HSCT, with statistically significant difference.@*CONCLUSION@#age of patients, donor selection of HSCT, chromosome karyotype, DNMT3A, NRAS, TP53, GATA2 and TET2 gene mutations are all independent factors affecting the OS of patients after HSCT. Therefore, the assessment of the OS of MDS patients with transplantation requires comprehensive consideration.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Middle Aged , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Siblings , Survival Analysis , Young Adult
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826328

ABSTRACT

Ultrasound contrast agent microbubbles combined with low frequency ultrasound named as low-frequency ultrasound-targeted microbubble destruction technology has become an effective and non-invasive anti-tumor therapy for deep tumors.It can enhance the efficacies of chemotherapy,gene therapy,immunotherapy,and anti-angiogenic therapy by improving cell membrane permeability and destroying tumor neovasculature.It can be applied to sonodynamic therapy and realize multimodal synergistic therapy on the basis of nanoparticles,which increases the anti-tumor efficiency and offers a promising target therapy for tumors.


Subject(s)
Contrast Media , Genetic Therapy , Humans , Microbubbles , Neoplasms , Ultrasonography
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775980

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical features of Von-Hippel-Lindau(VHL)syndrome and explore the diagnostic value of abdominal ultrasound for this disease.Methods The clinical features including age at first diagnosis,symptoms,signs,affected organs,number of operations,and diagnostic examinations of 35 patients with VHL syndrome admitted to our center from January 1994 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed.The diagnostic value of abdominal ultrasound for VHL syndrome was analyzed.Results Pheochromocytoma(=14)and nervous system hemangioblastoma(=13)were the common firstly-identified tumors.Nervous system hemangioblastoma(=21),pheochromocytoma(=19),renal carcinoma(=17),and pancreatic mass(=15)were common tumors.The main surgical reasons were nervous system hemangioblastoma(=22),pheochromocytoma(=23)and renal carcinoma(=13).Abdominal organ involvements were found in 33 patients,which were first detected by abdominal ultrasound in 20 patients and were found accidently during routine health checkups in 6 patients.The ultrasound results were accurate in 27 of 33 adrenal gland scans,13 of 16 pancreas scans,and 8 of 19 kidney scans.Conclusions When multiple tumors are detected in the kidney,adrenal gland,and pancreas by ultrasound,the possibility of VHL syndrome should be considered.When the clinical findings suggest the possibility of VHL syndrome,ultrasound can discover and diagnose the abdominal tumors and can also be used for the long-term follow-up of the tumors.Therefore,ultrasound is an important method in the screening and follow-up of patients with VHL syndrome.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , Diagnostic Imaging , Adrenal Gland Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Hemangioblastoma , Diagnostic Imaging , Humans , Pheochromocytoma , Diagnostic Imaging , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography , von Hippel-Lindau Disease , Diagnostic Imaging
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327727

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the diagnostic performance of elastography in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules in the context of Hashimoto's thyroiditis(HT). Methods The study evaluated 43 thyroid nodules by conventional ultrasound (CU) and elastography in 38 patients co-existed with HT who were referred for operation. The patients underwent CU and elastography before operation. The sensitivity,specificity,positive and negative predictive values,and accuracy for CU,elastography,and combination of these two techniques were assessed by using histopathological results as the gold standard. Results Among these 43 thyroid nodules,pathology confirmed 29 (67.4%) malignant nodules and 14 (32.6%) benign ones. There were statistically significant differences between malignant and benign groups in features such as solid shape (96.6% vs. 64.0%;OR:15.6,95%CI:1.600-151.262,P=0.004),irregularity (90.0% vs. 42.9%;OR:11.6,95%CI:2.341-57.032,P=0.001),taller than wide shape (72.0% vs. 21.4%;OR:9.6,95% CI:2.117-43.753,P=0.002),microcalcification (69% vs. 28.6%;OR:5.6,95% CI:1.368-22.556,P=0.012) and irregular blood flow (90.0% vs. 28.6%;OR:17.3,95%CI:3.186-94.290,P=0.000). The diagnostic performance of elastography and CU was as follows:sensitivity (86.2 % vs.96.6%),specificity (71.4% vs.42.9%),positive predictive value (86.2% vs.77.8%),negative predictive value (71.4% vs.85.7%),and accuracy (81.4% vs.79.0%). The combination of these two techniques had a sensitivity of 93.1%,a specificity of 71.4%,a positive predictive value of 87.1%,a negative predictive value of 83.3%,and an accuracy of 86.0%. Conclusions Elastography has a higher specificity in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules in HT,while its sensitivity is slightly lower than that of CU. Combination of these two techniques can increase the specificity and accuracy.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818831

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the molecular characterization of polysaccharide purified from Amusium pleuronectes, so as to investigate its role of intervention to the formation of hepatic fibrosis caused by Schistosoma japonicum infection. Methods The crude polysaccharide from A. pleuronectes was extracted and further purified, and the molecular weight and monosaccharide composition were determined by the high pressure size exclusion chromatography and PMP pre-column derivatization method, respectively. A total of 50 female BALB/c mice were randomly divided into five groups:A (normal group), B (experimental group), C (polysaccharide group), D (praziquantel), and E (polysaccharide + praziquantel group). The mice in B, C, D, or E groups were attacked on the abdominal skin by using the cercariae of S. japonicum (30 ± 2 for each mouse) respectively. After 8 weeks, the mice in C, D, and E groups were administrated by polysaccharide and/or praziquantel, and the mice in B group were instead of saline. All the livers and sera were collected after 16 weeks. HE staining was employed for the livers, and serum IFN-γ and IL-13 were measured by using ELISA kits. Results The molecular weight of purified polysaccharide from A. pleuronectes was 11.7 kDa. Compared with A and B groups, the serum levels of IFN-γ in C, D, and E groups were significantly increased (F = 63.525, P < 0.01). However, the serum levels of IL-13 in C, D, and E groups were significantly decreased (F = 99.788, P < 0.01) compared with that in B group. HE staining showed that the egg nodules and hepatic fibrosis were observed in B, C, D, and E groups. The number of egg nodules and fibrosis degree in E group were milder than those in B group (χ2 = 7.875, P < 0.05). Conclusions The polysaccharide from A. pleuronectes has an obvious effect in preventing hepatic fibrosis process induced by S. japonicum infection, particularly combining with the administration of praziquantel.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818709

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the molecular characterization of polysaccharide purified from Amusium pleuronectes, so as to investigate its role of intervention to the formation of hepatic fibrosis caused by Schistosoma japonicum infection. Methods The crude polysaccharide from A. pleuronectes was extracted and further purified, and the molecular weight and monosaccharide composition were determined by the high pressure size exclusion chromatography and PMP pre-column derivatization method, respectively. A total of 50 female BALB/c mice were randomly divided into five groups:A (normal group), B (experimental group), C (polysaccharide group), D (praziquantel), and E (polysaccharide + praziquantel group). The mice in B, C, D, or E groups were attacked on the abdominal skin by using the cercariae of S. japonicum (30 ± 2 for each mouse) respectively. After 8 weeks, the mice in C, D, and E groups were administrated by polysaccharide and/or praziquantel, and the mice in B group were instead of saline. All the livers and sera were collected after 16 weeks. HE staining was employed for the livers, and serum IFN-γ and IL-13 were measured by using ELISA kits. Results The molecular weight of purified polysaccharide from A. pleuronectes was 11.7 kDa. Compared with A and B groups, the serum levels of IFN-γ in C, D, and E groups were significantly increased (F = 63.525, P < 0.01). However, the serum levels of IL-13 in C, D, and E groups were significantly decreased (F = 99.788, P < 0.01) compared with that in B group. HE staining showed that the egg nodules and hepatic fibrosis were observed in B, C, D, and E groups. The number of egg nodules and fibrosis degree in E group were milder than those in B group (χ2 = 7.875, P < 0.05). Conclusions The polysaccharide from A. pleuronectes has an obvious effect in preventing hepatic fibrosis process induced by S. japonicum infection, particularly combining with the administration of praziquantel.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327804

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of acoustic radiation force impulse(ARFI)imaging in the diagnosis of early non-alcoholic steatohepatitis(NASH).Methods Totally 32 SD rats were randomly divided into high-fat diet group(n=24)and normal-diet group(n=8)by using the random number table. At the end of the 4,8,12,and 16week,six rats from the high-diet group and two rats from the normal-diet group were selected blindly for weighting,blood biochemical test,conventional ultrasound,and ARFI imaing. HE staining was used for pathological observation. Results None of the 32 rats developed liver fibrosis. Based on the pathological results,these rats were divided into M1 [mild-to-moderate simple fatty liver(SS)],M2(severe SS),M3(severe SS with early NASH),and C groups(normal control). Early NASH was seen only in the severe hepatic steatosis groups,and its distribution had a significant difference(P=0.006). The diagnostic accuracy of conventional ultrasound based on histological results was 34.4%(11/32). The ARFI value of M3 group was significantly lower than that of M2 group [(1.16±0.04)m/s vs.(1.22±0.05)m/s;t=2.301,P=0.04),and the low-density lipoprotein of M3 group was significantly higher than M2 group [(1.53±0.07)mmol/L vs.(1.21±0.22)mmol/L;t=3.075,P=0.01),while other clinical indicators had no statistical difference between these two groups. Conclusions The development of early NASH is associated with the severity of hepatic steatosis. ARFI value can provide important information to identify early NASH in patients with severe hepatic steatosis.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327797

ABSTRACT

Understanding on the intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas (IPMN-P) has dramatically improved in the past three decades. A new disease named intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the bile duct (IPMN-B) reported in recent years shares several similar clinical features with IPMN-P. The clinical manifestations and imaging characteristics of IPMN-B have been gradually recognized. This review summarizes some of the typical cases reported since 2000 and find that clinical manifestations of IPMN-B include epigastric discomfort,biliary colic,jaundice,intermittent fever,sometimes without any symptoms; imaging triads for IPMN-B are mucobilia,dilated bile duct,and bile duct mural nodule.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327763

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical values of combined diffused optical tomography (DOT) combined positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) in the diagnosis of breast cancer. Methods We performed DOT and PET-CT examinations in 38 patients with 40 lesions and compared these images with the pathological results to analyze the sensitivity,specificity,accuracy,positive predictive value,and negative predictive value of these two techniques and their combination.Results The sensitivity,specificity,accuracy,positive predictive value,and negative predictive value in diagnosing breast cancer were 78.26%,76.47%,77.50%,72.22%,and 81.81% for DOT,86.96%,82.35%,85.00%,86.96%,and 82.35% for PET-CT,and 86.96%,94.12%,90.00%,95.23%,and 84.21% for the combination of PET-CT and DOT.Conclusions DOT and PET-CT are both effective diagnostic methods for breast cancer.Combined DOT and PET-CT can improve the diagnostic efficacy in terms of specificity,positive predictive value,and accuracy.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1722-1730, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338874

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is a well-established imaging modality which has been put into clinical use in recent years with the development of second-generation contrast agent and imaging devices, and its applications in the assessment of inflammatory arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis, have provoked abundant discussion and researches among radiologists and rheumatologists. To summarize the achievements of clinical studies on CEUS in the application of arthritis, and to keep up with the latest progresses of the imaging technique, we reviewed the literature in recent years, hoping to establish the role of CEUS in joint diseases.</p><p><b>DATA SOURCES</b>PubMed and EMBASE.</p><p><b>STUDY SELECTION</b>We searched the database with the conditions "contrast-enhanced ultrasound AND arthritis" with the time limitation of recent 10 years. Clinical studies applying CEUS in inflammatory arthritis and review articles about development of CEUS in joint diseases in English were selected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>As it is proved by most studies in recent years, by delineating microvasculature within the inflamed joints, CEUS can indicate early arthritis with high sensitivity and specificity. Moreover, the imaging of CEUS has been proved to be consistent with histopathological changes of inflammatory arthritis. Quantitative analysis of CEUS permits further evaluation of disease activity. CEUS also plays a significant role in the therapeutic monitoring of the disease, which has been backed up by a number of studies.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>CEUS may be a new choice for the rheumatologists to evaluate inflammatory arthritis, because of its low price, ability to provide dynamic pictures, and high sensitivity to angiogenesis. It can also be applied in disease classification and therapeutic monitoring. More studies about CEUS need to be done to set up the diagnostic standards.</p>

14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1533-1537, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251344

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Some ultrasonographic (US) signs overlap between benign and malignant nodules. The purpose of this study was to raise a special US sign of benign thyroid nodules, termed the "onion skin-liked sign."</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-seven patients with 27 nodules who shrank naturally and the "onion skin-liked sign" appeared on the final US images were enrolled in the study. The ultrasound characters and risk stratifications at the start and end of observation were compared. Then, thirty goiters with fibrosis and thirty papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTC) were randomly selected from the database of our hospital, matched the sizes of 27 nodules at the end point of observation. The differences of "onion skin-liked sign" between the two groups were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The average duration of follow-up of 27 nodules was 24.0 ± 12.2 months (range, 12-65 months). At the end of the follow-up, the size of the nodules decreased on average by 1.26 ± 0.82 cm (range, 0.3-3.4 cm) and calcification was found in 21 nodules, compared with only 2 nodules with calcification at the start of the follow-up. In addition, only negligible or no blood flow signal could be detected at the periphery of all the nodules and 100% (27/27) were high suspicion at the end of observation. In matched groups, all PTC showed high suspicion of malignancy, 18/30 (60%) goiters with fibrosis were high suspicion and 11/30 (37%) were intermediate suspicion. Twenty-two patients in the group of nodular fibrosis presented "onion skin-liked sign," which was not shown in any patient of PTC group. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of "onion skin-liked sign" in predicting nodular goiter with fibrosis were 73.3%, 100%, 100%, and 78.9%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The "onion skin-liked sign" was a characteristic US feature of benign thyroid nodules detected in the follow-up of thyroid nodules. It is useful to differentiate PTCs and nodular goiters with fibrosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Carcinoma, Papillary , Diagnosis , Female , Goiter, Nodular , Diagnosis , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Thyroid Gland , Pathology , Thyroid Nodule , Pathology , Ultrasonography , Methods
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 169-173, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310688

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The clinical behavior and management of poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma (PDTC) are very different from papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). By comparing the clinical and ultrasonographic features between the two tumors, we proposed to provide more possibilities for recognizing PDTC before treatment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The data of 13 PDTCs and 39 age- and gender-matched PTCs in Peking Union Medical College Hospital between December 2003 and September 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. The clinical and ultrasonic features between the two groups were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The frequencies of family history of carcinoma, complication with other thyroid lesions, lymph node metastases, recurrent laryngeal nerve injuries, and distant metastases were higher in PDTCs (30.8%, 61.6%, 69.2%, 23.1%, and 46.2%, respectively) than those in PTCs (2.6%, 23.1%, 25.6%, 2.6%, and 2.6%, respectively) (P < 0.05). The mortality rate of PDTCs was greatly higher than PTCs (P < 0.01). Conventional ultrasound showed that the size of PDTCs was larger than that of PTCs (3.1 ± 1.9 cm vs. 1.7 ± 1.0 cm). Clear margins and rich and/or irregular blood flow were found in 92.3% of PDTCs, which differed substantially from PTCs (51.7% and 53.8%, respectively) (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PDTC is more aggressive and its mortality rate is higher than PTCs. Accordingly, more attention should be given to suspicious thyroid cancer nodules that show large size, regular shape, and rich blood flow signals on ultrasound to exclude the possibility of PDTCs.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Carcinoma , Diagnosis , Pathology , Carcinoma, Papillary , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Pathology , Ultrasonography
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289859

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the diagnostic value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS)for small focal liver lesions (FLLs). Methods The clinical data,CEUS findings,and pathology of 69 patients with small FLLs were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were grouped according to size of FLLs and the performance of CEUS was compared. Results The accuracy,sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive value,and negative predictive value of CEUS for the 69 FLLs were 94.2%,95.2%,93.8%,87.0%,and 97.8%,respectively. Rate of fast wash-out in portal vein phase was lower in group of diameters ≤2 cm than that in group of diameters>2 cm (P<0.05). Conclusions CEUS has a high diagnostic value for small FLLs.However,the CEUS findings of malignant lesions smaller than 2 cm are not typical in the portal phase and therefore the diagnosis should also be based on clinical features.


Subject(s)
Contrast Media , Humans , Liver Diseases , Diagnostic Imaging , Portal Vein , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Ultrasonography
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289858

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between ultrasound-guided diffuse optical tomography (US-DOT) and hypoxia-inducible factor-1Α (HIF-1Α) of breast cancer. Methods Totally 69 patients with pathologically confirmed breast cancer underwent preoperative conventional breast ultrasonography examinations and US-DOT at Peking Union Medical College Hospital From October 2007 to February 2010 were enrolled in this study.After surgery,immunohistochemical staining of HIF-1Α and CD34 were performed,and the differences of total hemoglobin concentration (THC) and microvessel density (MVD) between HIF-1Α positive and negative groups were analyzed. Results HIF-1Α was positive in 12 cases (17.4%) and negative in 57 cases (82.6%). The average THC and MVD of HIF-1Α-positive cases were (274.763±77.661) Μmol/L and (33.8±10.8)/0.2 mm(2) respectively. The average THC and MVD of HIF-1Α-negative cases were (228.059±65.760)Μmol/L and (28.4±7.4)/0.2 mm(2). MVD(t=2.049,P=0.04) and THC(t=2.167,P=0.034) of HIF-1Α-positive group were significantly higher than those of HIF-1Α-negative group. Conclusions HIF-1Α can promote tumor angiogenesis and thus increase the blood supply and THC. As an indicator of tumor blood supply,THC can indirectly reflect the angiogenic activity of breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Metabolism , Female , Humans , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Metabolism , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Tomography, Optical , Ultrasonography, Mammary
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289850

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of ultrasound for thyroid nodules with atypia of undetermined significance(AUS).Methods From January 2014 to December 2015,83 thyroid nodules with AUS diagnosed by ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy were collected from 1984 subjects. On the basis of ultrasonic features,each thyroid nodule was prospectively classified into one of three categories: low suspicion for malignancy,intermediate suspicion for malignancy,and high suspicion for malignancy. Results Among 83 lesions,19 lesions(22.9%) were confirmed malignant,8 lesions (9.6%)were benign,56 lesions (67.5%)had no abnormal changes during clinical follow-up. The nodules were solitary in 36 cases (43.4%)and multiple in 47 cases(56.6%).The maximum diameter was (1.2±0.7)cm. Based on the ultrasonic feature of 19 malignant cases,16 cases (84.2%) were classified as high suspicion for malignancy,2 cases(10.5%) as intermediate suspicion for malignancy,and 1 case(5.3%) for low suspicion for malignancy. Univariate and multivariate analyses revealed that the degree of malignancy of thyroid nodules was significantly associated with ultrasound image classification[OR=9.23(2.96-28.79),P=0.00],but not with age,gender,nodule number,and nodule size (all P>0.05).Conclusion Ultrasound diagnosis by using the present thyroid ultrasound classification system can be helpful for distinguishing malignant and benign AUS thyroid nodules.


Subject(s)
Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Humans , Thyroid Gland , Diagnostic Imaging , Thyroid Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Thyroid Nodule , Diagnostic Imaging , Ultrasonography
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257679

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in diagnosing thyroid nodules coexisting with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 62 thyroid nodules in 48 HT patients were retrospectively analyzed. The CEUS characteristics were reviewed, and diagnostic value of enhancement pattern and peak intensity were calculated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Peak intensity (P=0.002) and enhancement pattern (P<0.001) differed significantly between malignant and benign thyroid nodules. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy of heterogeneous enhancement were 97.6%, 85.7%, 93.0%, 94.7%, and 93.5%, respectively. Sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV and accuracy of low intensity at peak time were 85.4%, 52.4%, 77.8%, 64.7%, and 74.2%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Heterogeneous enhancement is effective in the diagnosis of malignant thyroid nodules coexisting with HT. CEUS can improve the diagnostic accuracy in distinguishing thyroid nodules with unknown malignancy under the conventional ultrasound.</p>


Subject(s)
Contrast Media , Hashimoto Disease , Humans , Thyroid Nodule , Diagnostic Imaging , Ultrasonography
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257641

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the role of quantitative three-dimensional (3D) power Doppler ultrasound in differentiating malignant and benign thyroid nodule.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 92 lesions in 86 patients were preoperatively examined using 3D power Doppler ultrasound. The Virtual Organ Computer-aided Analysis(VOCAL)-imaging program was used to analyze the stored volume ultrasound. The differences in the mean gray value (MG), vascularization index (VI), flow index(FI), and vascularization flow index (VFI) were compared between benign and malignant lesions.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The MG of the malignant thyroid nodules was significantly lower than that of the benign ones (28.27±7.21 vs. 32.89±8.73,P=0.007). The benign nodules had significantly higher VI,FI,and VFI than the malignant nodules [VI:(40.43±26.55)% vs. (26.87±23.06)%,P=0.011;FI:41.03±7.19 vs. 37.51±7.17,P=0.022;VFI:18.23±14.60 vs. 11.47±12.47, P=0.009]. Also,76.5% (39/51) of the malignant nodules and 92.7% (38/41) of the benign nodules had higher VIs in the shell of the lesion than that of the whole lesion,and 80.4%(41/51) of the malignant nodules and 95.1% (39/41) of the benign nodules had higher FIs in the shell of the lesion than that of the whole lesion.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Quantitative 3D power Doppler ultrasound provides a useful tool in distinguishing benign and malignant thyroid nodules. The malignant thyroid nodules have lower echoes than the benign nodules, wherese the benign nodules have larger blood flow than the malignant nodules.</p>


Subject(s)
Angiography , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Thyroid Diseases , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Nodule , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Vascular Surgical Procedures
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL