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1.
Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 551-552, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992221

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Fear can be learned indi-rectly,but excessive transmission of fear is essential for the development of mental illness.Previous research has indicated that the anterior insular cortex(AIC)may play a crucial role in the process of fear transmission,and abnormal AIC activity is a possible mechanism under-lying various affective disorders.Inhibitory neurons are crucial for maintaining local microcircuit homeostasis.With the support of novel specific neuroregulatory tech-niques,it is now possible to monitor and regulate differ-ent types of neurons in real-time.Therefore,investigating distinct subtypes of inhibitory neurons in the AIC that are involved in fear contagion may provide valuable insights into potential mechanisms underlying mental disorders.METHODS We established a modified observational fear(OF)model.A demonstrator(DM)mouse was placed in an acrylic cup at the center of the apparatus,and two observer(OB)mice were allowed to explore the DM mouse simultaneously from separate areas on either side.During the OF training,electric foot shocks were administered to the DM mouse and freezing,the side and corner time,and social interaction behavior were scored.Next,we characterized the activity patterns of distinct neuronal subtypes in the AIC using GCaMP-based calcium recording.Finally,we employed a Cre-dependent optogenetic approach to selectively modulate excitatory or inhibitory neurons in the AIC,and investigat-ed empathic fear behavior across different Cre transgenic mouse lines(CK2-Cre,PV-Cre,SOM-Cre,VIP-Cre).RESULTS During the training phase,the OB mice exhib-ited significantly higher levels of fear compared to the control group(which did not observe a traumatic event),as evidenced by increased freezing time,decreased interaction time,and increased corner zone time.Calcium fiber recording results suggested that CK2 neurons are involved in risk prediction,while PV and VIP neurons exert inhibitory control on this behavior.Optogenetic silencing of CK2-positive neurons in the AIC through injection of AAV-DIO-NpHR-mCherry in mice demon-strated a significant reduction in empathic fear.Similarly,activation of PV or VIP inhibitory neurons expressing ChR2-eYFP also resulted in a similar effect.However,activation of SOM neurons led to a significant increase in empathic fear.CONCLUSION Our study demonstrated that VIP and PV neuron activity in the AIC attenuates empathetic fear,while SOM and CK2 neuron activity enhances fear expression.These findings shed light on the distinct contributions of various inhibitory interneu-rons in the AIC to fear contagion,indicating their mutual interaction for maintaining local microcircuit homeostasis that regulates empathetic fear behaviors.

2.
Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 551-551, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992220

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Human beings possess the ability to indirectly acquire the emotions of others.This also known as emotional contagion or empathy,enables us to rapidly perceive the emotions of others.However,an excessive empathy may result in heightened fear and sensitivity to pain.Therefore,the establishment of appropri-ate animal models for analyzing neural mechanisms underlying empathy would contribute to pharmacological research on pain sensitivity caused by psychological sus-ceptibility.METHODS We used the observed fear para-digm for assessing contagion of negative emotions in mice.To minimize the impact of emotional contagion dif-ferences caused by the subject change,we established a bilateral observation area and the two mice were trained to observe fear simultaneously.First,two observer(OB)mice were placed on either side of the observational area.Next,a demonstrator(DM)mouse was introduced into the cylindrical shock cage located at the center of the apparatus.The shock cage is made of transparent organic plastic with air holes and has provided ample space for free movement by the DM mouse.During the shock stage,DM mice were subjected to electric stimulation while the behaviors of OB mice on both sides was observed,including freezing,the side and corner time,social interaction behavior.Additionally,c-Fos staining was utilized to confirm distinct local brain activities.RESULTS In the habituation stage,OB mice on both sides showed more social preference for DM mouse,as evidenced by an increase in duration time in the designat-ed interaction zone.During the shock phase,OB mice observed the DM mouse receiving electric shocks and displayed significantly higher levels of fear contagion;however,their fear behavior was not entirely consistent.Some mice exhibited a significant increase in freezing time,while others demonstrated a significant increase in corner and side exploration time.We utilized Z-normal-ization to evaluate changes in emotionality across vari-ous behaviors and identified mice with distinct susceptibil-ities.Fos-positive neurons exhibited higher expression levels in susceptible OB mice,primarily concentrated within brain regions associated with the ascending path-ways of pain perception,such as thalamus,the anterior insular cortex,and anterior cingulate cortex.CONCLU-SION In this study,we have developed an innovative experimental facility that integrates various behavioral tests to evaluate empathic behavior in mice.Our findings highlight the robustness of emotionality measures obtained from individual mice by combining this experi-mental model with the Z-scoring method,facilitating screening for empathic fear or pain-susceptible mice and will helpful for pharmacological evaluation.

3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 2288-2295, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013666

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of AICAR on the expression of the proto-oncogene c-Myc and cell proliferation rates in specific cancer cell lines. Methods The mRNA levels of c-Myc were evaluated using fluorescence-based qRT-PCR to examine the effect of AICAR treatment on c-Myc mRNA expression levels. Western blot was used to evaluate the protein levels of c-Myc following AICAR treatment. RNA interference was employed to determine whether the regulatory effect of AICAR on c-Myc was dependent on AMPK and the downstream metabolic enzymes relating to AICAR. Actinomycin D and cycloheximide were used to assess the effect of AICAR on the stability of cMyc mR-NA and protein. Western blot was used to examine the regulatory effect of AICAR on c-Myc in various cancer cell lines. The MTT assay was used to determine the effect of AICAR on cell viability in these cell lines. Results AICAR significantly up-regulated c-Myc at both mRNA and protein levels. The protein level of c-Myc reached a plateau 12 h after the AICAR treatment. The up-regulatory effect of c-Myc induced by AICAR was not dependent on either the AMPK signaling pathway or the downstream metabolites of AICAR. AICAR could significantly enhance the mRNA stability of c-Myc but did not affect the protein stability. The up-regulation of c-Myc induced by AICAR was cell-type specific. AICAR up-regulated c-Myc in SW1990, 786-0, and A549, while down-regulated c-Myc in HepG2, MCF7, and U20S. In HepG2 cells, AICAR treatment decreased cell viability. However, in SW1990 and A549 cells, AICAR treatment did not lead to any significant difference in cell viability. AICAR decreased the cell viability only when c-Myc was knocked down in SW1990 and A549 cells. Conclusions AICAR directly up-regulates c-Myc expression in an AMPK-independent manner. The up-regulation effect is cell-type dependent. The regulation of c-Myc expression by AICAR is linked to the inhibitory effect of AICAR on tumor cell proliferation.

4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 135-140, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971115

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical features and prognosis of patients with Castleman's disease (CD) and improve the diagnosis and treatment of CD.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of patients diagnosed with CD by pathological biopsy in Gansu Provincial Hospital from January 2009 to November 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. According to clinical classification, the patients were divided into two groups: UCD (unicentric CD) group (n=20) and MCD (multicentric CD) group (n=9). The clinical manifestations, laboratory examination, treatment regimens, pathological examination and follow-up data were statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in average age and gender ratio between UCD group and MCD group. In UCD patients, 80.0% were hyaline vascular type, and 20.0% were plasma cell type. In MCD patients, 33.3% were hyaline vascular type, 55.6% were plasma cell type, and 11.1% were mixed type. There was significant difference in pathological classification between the two groups (P=0.039). The UCD patients usually presented asymptomatic single lymph node enlargement with mild clinical symptoms, while the MCD patients were characterized by multiple superficial and deep lymph node enlargement throughout the body. The incidences of asthenia, splenomegaly, serous effusion in MCD group were higher than those in UCD group (P<0.05). Meanwhile, the incidences of anemia, hypoproteinemia, increased ESR, elevated serum globulin and elevated β2-microglobulin were significantly higher than those in UCD group too (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidences of abnormal WBC, PLT and elevated LDH between the two groups (P>0.05). Among 20 patients with UCD, 13 cases reached complete remission (CR), 1 case achieved partial remission (PR). Among 9 patients with MCD, 3 cases received CR and 4 cases received PR.@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with CD requires pathological examination for diagnosis. Patients with UCD show mild clinical symptoms, good surgical treatment effect and good prognosis. Patients with MCD have diversified clinical manifestations and relatively poor prognosis, and these patients require comprehensive treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Castleman Disease/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Prognosis , Splenomegaly , Anemia
5.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 880-883, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009153

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the effect of lag screw and support plate through axillary approach for the treatment of Ideberg typeⅡscapular pelvis fracture.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to June 2021, 26 patients with Ideberg typeⅡglenoid fractures were treated with trans-axillary lag screw combined with supporting plate, including 15 males and 11 females. The age ranged from 21 to 75 years, with an average of (43.12±6.56) years old. The Constant-Murley Shoulder joint Scale and University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) score were used to evaluate the function and clinical efficacy of shoulder joint.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 19 to 42 months, with an average of (30.6±10.5) months. One year after surgery, the Constant-Murley score increased from preoperative 34.9±2.5(ranged, from 28 to 47) to 87.2±6.8(ranged, from 70 to 95). The UCLA score improved from preoperative 17.9±1.7(9 to 25) to 33.1±2.3(29 to 35). Seventeen patients got an excellent result, with 7 good, and 2 fair. None of the patients had infection, screw, and plate loosening, fracture, and other complications after surgery. Two patients had different degrees of Chronic pain in the shoulder during the follow-up period.@*CONCLUSION@#The treatment of Ideberg typeⅡscapular glenoid fractures through axillary approach with lag screws and supporting steel plates has the advantages of convenient exposure, direct visual restoration of the normal anatomical shape of the scapular glenoid, selection of suitable positions for screw and steel plate placement, achieving better treatment results, and fewer complications. It is an effective and reliable surgical method.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Scapula , Bone Plates , Bone Screws , Fractures, Bone , Steel , Pelvis
6.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 408-414, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986869

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To test the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of adverse childhood experiences international questionnaire (ACE-IQ) in Chinese parents of preschool children.@*METHODS@#The parents of preschool children in 6 kindergartens in Tongzhou District of Beijing were selected by stratified random cluster sampling, and the Chinese version of ACE-IQ after translation and adaptation was used for survey online. The collected data were randomly divided into two parts. One part of the data (n=602) was used for exploratory factor analysis (EFA), to screen items and evaluate structural validity, and then form the final Chinese version of ACE-IQ. The other part of the data (n=700) was used for confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), criterion validity analysis and reliability analysis. At the same time, experts investigation method was used to evaluate the content validity of the final Chinese version of ACE-IQ.@*RESULTS@#After deleting four items of collective violence, the Chinese version of ACE-IQ with twenty-five items indicated good structural, criterion and content validity. Analysis results showed that the Chinese version of ACE-IQ presented a seven-factor model dimension, namely emotional neglect, physical neglect, family dysfunction, family violence, emotional and physical abuse, sexual abuse and violence outside the home, and the total score of the binary version of ACE-IQ Chinese version was positively correlated with the total score of childhood trauma questionaire-28 item short form (CTQ-SF, r=0.354, P < 0.001) and the center for epidemiological studies depression scale (CES-D, r=0.313, P < 0.001) respectively. Results from five experts showed that the item-level content validity index (I-CVI) of 25 items was between 0.80 and 1.00, and the average of all I-CVIs on the scale (S-CVI/Ave) of the scale was 0.984. At the same time, the internal consistency (Cronbach's α coefficient) of the whole scale was 0.818, and the split-half reliability (Spearman-Brown coefficient) was 0.621, which demonstrated good reliability.@*CONCLUSION@#This study has formed a Chinese version of ACE-IQ with 25 items and 7 dimensions, which has good reliability and validity among the parents of preschool children in China. It can be used as an evaluation instrument for measuring the minimum threshold of the adverse childhood experiences in the parents of preschool children in the cultural background of China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Adverse Childhood Experiences , Reproducibility of Results , Parents/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires , China , Psychometrics/methods
7.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 533-539, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986121

ABSTRACT

Artificial intelligence, represented by deep learning, has received increasing attention in the field of oral and maxillofacial medical imaging, which has been widely studied in image analysis and image quality improvement. This narrative review provides an insight into the following applications of deep learning in oral and maxillofacial imaging: detection, recognition and segmentation of teeth and other anatomical structures, detection and diagnosis of oral and maxillofacial diseases, and forensic personal identification. In addition, the limitations of the studies and the directions for future development are summarized.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Deep Learning , Diagnostic Imaging , Radiography , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
8.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 534-541, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986107

ABSTRACT

Artificial intelligence, represented by deep learning, has received increasing attention in the field of oral and maxillofacial medical imaging, which has been widely studied in image analysis and image quality improvement. This narrative review provides an insight into the following applications of deep learning in oral and maxillofacial imaging: detection, recognition and segmentation of teeth and other anatomical structures, detection and diagnosis of oral and maxillofacial diseases, and forensic personal identification. In addition, the limitations of the studies and the directions for future development are summarized.

9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1872-1877, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010052

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and treatment of one patient with TAFRO syndrome, and to strengthen the understanding of this rare type.@*METHODS@#The clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment process, and prognosis of the patient admitted in Gansu Provincial People's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Combined with laboratory tests, bone marrow examination, imaging, pathology, etc, the patient was diagnosed with TAFRO syndrome. After three cycles of treatment with pomalidomide (2-3 mg/d, d1-21), cyclophosphamide (300 mg/m2, 0.54 g once a week) and dexamethasone (20 mg/d, two days a week), platelet count, serum creatinine and procalcitonin returned to normal, the systemic edema disappeared, and the patient's condition was alleviated. The therapeutic effect was good.@*CONCLUSION@#TAFRO syndrome is rare, involves multiple systems, progresses rapidly, and has a worse prognosis. The choice of the "Pomalidomide+cyclophosphamide+dexamethasone" regimen is help to improve the survival prognosis of patient with TAFRO syndrome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thrombocytopenia , Retrospective Studies , Castleman Disease/diagnosis , Dexamethasone , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use
10.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 278-281, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929772

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of BeEAM (bendamustine+cytarabine+etoposide+melphalan) regimen in pretreatment of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for patients with lymphoma.Methods:The clinical data of 15 patients with lymphoma who underwent autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation after pretreatment with BeEAM regimen from January 2020 to February 2021 in Gansu Provincial Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The transplant-related adverse reactions and hematopoietic reconstitution were evaluated.Results:During the pretreatment process of 15 patients, 13 patients had gastrointestinal adverse reactions such as nausea, vomiting and diarrhea, 2 patients had hypokalemia, and 1 patient had abnormal liver function, but all of them were grade 1-2, and no grade 3-4 adverse reactions occurred. One patient had poor platelet implantation, and the remaining 14 patients all achieved hematopoietic reconstruction. After transplantation, the median time of peripheral blood neutrophils and platelets good implantation in patients was 10 d (9-14 d) and 11 d (9-17 d), respectively. Until March 2021, all patients were alive during follow-up.Conclusions:The efficacy of BeEAM regimen in pretreatment of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for patients with lymphoma is good, and the adverse reactions are tolerable.

11.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 218-222, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929763

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the early efficacy and safety of pomalidomide-based regimen in relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (MM) in the real world.Methods:The clinical data of 15 patients with relapsed/refractory MM treated with pomalidomide-based regimen who were admitted to Gansu Provincial Hospital from January 2021 to July 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, and the early efficacy and safety were also evaluated.Results:There were 8 males and 7 females, and the median age of onset of 15 patients was 60 years (43-83 years); the median time for the diagnosis of relapse and refractory was 15 months (4-84 months). All 15 patients previously received bortezomib-based treatment regimens, 9 patients previously received lenalidomide treatment, and 7 cases received autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. All patients received pomalidomide-based regimen combined with two-drug or three-drug regimen (pomalidomide combined with bortezomib,daratumumab,bendamustine, dexamethasone, cyclophosphamide or lenalidomide). The median treatment cycle was 2 cycles (2-4 cycles). After 2 cycles of treatment, the therapeutic efficacy was evaluated; the overall response rate was 73% (11/15), including 3 cases of complete remission, 3 cases of very good partial remission, and 5 cases of partial remission. Hematological toxicity occurred in 9 patients, of which 5 cases had grade 3-4 hematological toxicity, 4 cases had grade 1-2 hematological toxicity, and other adverse reactions were mild and tolerable.Conclusion:Pomalidomide-based regimen is effective and safe for relapsed/refractory MM patients.

12.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 1226-1233, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015790

ABSTRACT

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a metabolic disease with an increasing incidence worldwide, which leads to damage to various tissues and organs including the liver. MiR-31 is conserved across species and closely associated with metabolic diseases, but its role in type 2 diabetic liver injury has not been elucidated. This study aimed to investigate the effect of miR-31 on liver injury in type 2 diabetes and its underlying mechanism. Four to six weeks old male FVB mice and miR-31-positive transgenic mice were randomly divided into FVB mice control group (C), FVB mice induced diabetes group (DM) and miR-31-overexpression transgenic mice induced diabetes group (31DM). After 1 week of adaptive feeding, the T2DM mouse model was induced by high-fat feeding combined with intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ) for 6 weeks. The general condition of mice and related metabolic indicators showed that the increased food and water intake, weight loss and glucose and lipid metabolism disorders could be reversed by miR-31 in T2DM mice. HE staining and liver histological activity index (HAI) scoring results showed that miR-31 improved the inflammatory status in the liver tissue of T2DM mice and decreased the HAI score. RT-qPCR results showed that the high expression of miR-31 was accompanied by a decrease in the expression of activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6) mRNA in the liver of T2DM mice. Furthermore, Western blotting results showed that miR-31 inhibited the expression of endoplasmic reticulum stress-related proteins such as ATF6, glucoregulatory protein 78 (GRP78) and C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) in the liver of T2DM mice. In conclusion, miR-31 may ameliorate liver injury in T2DM mice by regulating glucose and lipid metabolism disorders and insulin resistance, and inhibiting endoplasmic reticulum stress factors such as ATF6, GRP78, and CHOP.

13.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1633-1637, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906544

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the status and related factors of excessive Internet and game use among primary and junior high school students with different household registration in Shanghai, and to provide a reference for creating healthy digital media usage family environment among children.@*Methods@#A questionnaire survey was conducted among 2 324 students and their parents from 4 primary schools, 4 middle schools in Shanghai. The sociodemographic characteristics, Internet Addiction Test, Game addiction scale and Family APGAR Index were investigated.@*Results@#Excessive internet use rate and the excessive game use rate was 16.1% and 9.4%, respectively. Low family economic status( OR =2.07), motivation type of Internet use to maintain emotional arousal ( OR =5.44) or to satisfy social function( OR =8.72), peer all the time gaming use( OR =2.21), peer gaming invitation( OR =1.85, 2.56, 2.53), family dysfunction above moderate( OR =2.62, 2.68) were positively associated with excessive internet use( P <0.05). Lack of confidence in their studies( OR =2.11, 4.14), motivation type of Internet use to maintain emotional arousal( OR = 4.82 ) or to satisfy social function( OR =6.09), peer often( OR =2.84) or all the time gaming use( OR =3.92), family dysfunction above moderate( OR =2.57, 2.16) were associated with excessive game use( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#There is no significant difference in the excessive Internet and game use among children with different household registration.It is suggested that should attach importance to peer influence and family function, advocate schools and families to create a good environment for children s digital media use, and promote children s healthy development.

14.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 780-783, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011656

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To eliminate the insoluble particles in the drug and the particles produced by breaking the glass during intravenous or intramuscular injection. 【Methods】 We established a type of liquid medicine filter for preventing insoluble particles in this study. The front end of the filter body was conical and the back end was a filtering one. The filter body consisted of a filter block and a floating plug arranged inside the filter block. A filter chamber was formed inside the filter block, and a ring-shaped filter membrane was set in the filter chamber. When the injector pumped liquid, the float plug moved to the top of the float plug channel of the filter block, and the liquid entered the filter cavity from the blind hole of the float plug. When the syringe discharged liquid, the float plug was far away from the top of the float plug channel of the filter block, and the liquid in the filter cavity entered the blind hole of the float plug through the annular filter membrane and the peripheral channel of the filter block. 【Results】 The filtration rates of 5‒6 μm particles in standard solution of 5 μm latex particles by nuclear pore membrane, polyethersulfone membrane and nylon membrane were 96.9%, 97.1% and 96.2%, respectively. The filtration rate of 3‒4 μm particles in the standard solution of 3 μm latex particles could reach 98.1%. 【Conclusion】 The filter can filter the particles, which precipitate in the drug, thus achieving the effect of filtration and ensuring the safety of patients.

15.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 784-788, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015413

ABSTRACT

Objective To describe quantitatively the development of the capillary loop stage glomerulus (capG) with respect to the volume density of capillaries in the glomerulus based on the morphogenesis of the kidney. Methods The kidneys were obtained from mice at various developing time points and prepared for paraffin sections. The volume density of CD34 positive endothelial cells and surrounded capillary lumen in glomeruli was measured using a combination of immunohistochemical staining and the stereological grid system. Results The capG was divided into early, middle, and late phases, and middle phase capG was subdivided into early-middle and late-middle phases, according to the morphology of developing glomeruli and the arrangement of podocytes. As result, the volume density of capillary loops in early phase capG could not be measured due to the complex "glomerular" shape. The volume density of capillary loops increased from (35.95±6.45)% in the early-middle phase capG, to (58.36±6. 30) % in the late-middle phase capG, and to (79.89± 5.21) % in the late phase capG, compared to (93.61 ±1.96) % in the mature glomerulus. Furthermore, the volume density of capillary loops remained constant at same stage even though at different developmental time points. Conclusion This study demonstrated a significantly increased volume density of capillary loops with the kidney development. In addition, the results provide a descriptive and reliable parameter for the evaluation of glomerular development.

16.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 522-531, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015032

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effect and mechanism of ursolic acid on high glucose and high-fat injury of human aortic endothelial cells. METHODS: MTT method was used to select the appropriate injury concentration of high glucose and sodium palmitate and UA pre incubation concentration. The levels of NO and ROS, the release rate of lactate dehydrogenase and the activities of antioxidant enzymes including total superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase were detected by kit. The expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase, intercellular adhesion molecule, vascular cell adhesion molecule caspase-1 and GSDMD were detected by Western blot. The protective effect of UA on HAEC was observed. Hoechst33342 combined with PI fluorescence staining was used to detect the whole state of cell membrane to explore the occurrence of pyroptosis. RESULTS: Pre-incubation with UA (1 and 5 μmol/L) could reduce the damage of HAEC caused by high glucose and high fat (30 mmol/L Glu + 0.1 mmol/L SPA), enhance HAEC activity, increase NO release and eNOS protein expression, alleviate oxidative stress injury, reduce the protein expression of adhesion molecules and reduce the occurrence of pyroptosis. CONCLUSION: UA may reduce the damage of endothelial cells by inhibiting the oxidative stress response and the occurrence of pyroptosis induced by high glucose and high fat.

17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1517-1521, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922288

ABSTRACT

METHODS@#The clinical data of 15 patients with primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma treated in our hospital from January 2013 to December 2020 were collected, the clinical data and prognosis of the patients were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#The median age of the 15 patients was 59 (19-89) years old; among the patients, 7 were males and 8 were females, ostealgia was the initial symptom. The pathological types of the 15 patients were diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), 5 cases of Has type GCB subtype (5/15), and 10 cases of Non-GCB subtype (10/15). After 15 patients were diagnosed, 11 patients (11/15) received chemotherapy, 3 patients (3/15) received surgery, and 1 patient was untreated (1/15), median chemotherapy courses was 5 (1-9). 8 patients have achieved complete remission (8/15), 3 patients achieved partial remission (3/15), and 1 patient achieved stable disease (1/15), 1 patient was lost to follow-up (1/15), 1 patient was untreated (1/15), and 1 patient was progression of disease (1/15). Age, pathological subtype, sex, stage, β2-MG level, LDH level, and the using of rituximab were not correlated with the complete remission rate of the patients(P>0.05), while the IPI score was correlated with the recent complete remission rate (P<0.05). The median follow-up time was 19 (1-38) months, 10 patients survived, in which 6 cases were still in complete remission, and the median time to progression-free survival was 15 (1-38) months.@*CONCLUSION@#The first symptom of primary bone diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is bone pain, the main pathological subtype is Non-GCB, the optimal treatment is combined chemotherapy, and the IPI score is related to the prognosis of the treatment.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 530-534, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880108

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the influence of serum homocysteine (Hcy) levels to the prognosis of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) patients, and to explore related factors affecting the prognosis of the patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical pathological data of 180 newly diagnosed MM patients treated in our hospital from March 2013 to February 2015 were collected, and the patients were divided into high and low Hcy groups based on the median Hcy. The survival curves of the patients in the two groups were drawn to compare the differences of the survival; univariate and multivariate survival analysis was used to observe the influence of serum cysteine to the prognosis of newly diagnosed MM patients; the clinicopathological data of the patients with high and low Hcy in the two groups was compared, Pearson test was used to further analyzes the relationship between Hcy and different factors, and explores the related factors of Hcy affecting the prognosis of the patients.@*RESULTS@#The median survival times of patients in the high and low Hcy groups were 32 (5-59) and 41 (7-71) months, respectively. The 3-year survival rate of the patients in high Hcy group was significantly lower than those in low Hcy group, and the difference shows statistically significant (P<0.05). The results of univariate survival analysis showed that the OS of newly diagnosed MM patients whom with advanced age, high bone disease grade, high-level bone marrow plasma cell count, LDH, C-reactive protein, Cr, β@*CONCLUSION@#Serum Hcy level has a correlation trend with the survival of newly diagnosed MM, which is affected by factors such as Hb.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow Cells , Homocysteine , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , Risk Factors
19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 75-80, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873283

ABSTRACT

Objective::To observe the effect of realgar nanoparticles (a representative drug in toxin eliminating therapeutics) targeting hypoxia-inducible factors (HIF), which act as effector molecules on metabolic reprogramming of lung cancer stem cells, and to explore the effect mechanism of lung cancer stem cells and metabolic reprogramming in the process of lung cancer metastasis, so as to verify the effectiveness of toxin eliminating therapeutics in the prevention and treatment of lung cancer metastasis. Method::Lung cancer A549 cells were cultured in vitro, and lung cancer stem cells were then identified and selected. The stem cells were divided into blank control group, cisplatin group (5 mg·L-1), realgar nanoparticles low, medium and high dose groups (100, 200, 400 mg·L-1). After intervention, glucose oxidase method was used to detect the effect of realgar nanoparticles on the glucose metabolism of lung cancer stem cells, real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was used to detect the mRNA expression levels of hypoxia-inducible factors-1α (HIF-1α), C-myc and p53, while Western blot was used to detect the expression of related proteins HIF-1α, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), protein kinase B (Akt) and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1), pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 1 (PDK1), pyruvate kinase M (PKM), phosphofructokinase(PFK), pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) expression. Result::As compared with the blank control group, realgar nanoparticles can reduce the glucose consumption of lung cancer stem cells, and the glucose consumption was reduced with the increase of dose in a time-and dose-dependent manner (P<0.01). Realgar nanoparticles can inhibit the mRNA expression of HIF-1α, a key factor in metabolic reprogramming of lung cancer stem cells (P<0.05, P<0.01), down-regulated C-myc mRNA and up-regulated the p53 mRNA expression (P<0.05, P<0.01), down-regulated protein expressions of PI3K, Akt, mTOR(P<0.05, P<0.01), and inhibited the expression of related enzymes GLUT1, PDK1, PFK, PKM, PDH, and LDH levels (P<0.05, P<0.01). With the increase of dose, the regulation and control ability of realgar nanoparticles gradually increased. Conclusion::Toxin eliminating therapeutics can drive the metabolic reprogramming of lung cancer stem cells by targeting HIF effector molecule, and then inhibit the invasion and metastasis of lung cancer.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 21-25, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873048

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is an acute infectious disease caused by a 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection. It is highly contagious, and can spread quickly home and abroad. It has caused a global pandemic. After the outbreak, Gansu province actively responded to the national "integrated Chinese and western medicine(ICWM)" epidemic prevention policy by organizing an expert group on the prevention and treatment of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) and establishing a joint working mechanism of ICWM. In adherence to the principle of ICWM, it highlighted the advantages of TCM in epidemic prevention, and emphasized early, timely and whole course use of TCM. The expert group continued to summarize in practice and form a series of "Gansu prescriptions", so as to explore the prevention and control strategy of "prevention in advance, timely interruption and reversal, early prevention and cure, and cure in early stage". Before illness, the prevention shall be made in advance by taking Fuzheng Biwen prescription based on constitution differentiation, in order to strengthen the body resistance and removing pathogenic Qi, after the onset, the syndromes were first treated, interrupted and reversed, and Xuanfei Huazhuo prescription and Qingfei Tongluo prescription were administered based on syndrome differentiation, so as to exorcise pathogenic Qi and cure COVID-19 at the early stage, at the beginning stage of recovery, Jianpi Yifei prescription was used to strengthen the spleen and lungs, and harmonize the stomach and resolve dampness, so as to prevent recurrence. In the principle of ICWM, "Gansu prescriptions" were selected based on the constitution differentiation and syndrome differentiation, so as to prevent the occurrence of epidemics, block light and common symptoms from developing to heavy and critical symptoms, improve the clinical efficacy, shorten the course of disease, and reduce the incidence of critical illness, thereby reducing mortality.

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