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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 95-102, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999165

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the mechanism of Buzhong Yiqitang-containing serum in alleviating the cisplatin resistance in human non-small cell lung cancer (A549/DDP) cells via regulating the nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/reactive oxygen species (ROS) signaling pathway. MethodThe serum containing Buzhong Yiqitang was prepared and A549/DDP cells were cultured and randomly grouped: blank (10% blank serum), cisplatin (10% blank serum+20 mg·L-1 cisplatin), Buzhong Yiqitang (10% Buzhong Yiqitang-containing serum+20 mg·L-1 cisplatin), ML385 (10% blank serum+5 μmol·L-1 ML385+20 mg·L-1 cisplatin), Buzhong Yiqitang+ML385 (10% Buzhong Yiqitang-containing serum+5 μmol·L-1 ML385+20 mg·L-1 cisplatin), tertiary butylhydroquinone (TBHQ) (10% blank serum+5 μmol·L-1 TBHQ+20 mg·L-1 cisplatin), and Buzhong Yiqitang+TBHQ (10% Buzhong Yiqitang-containing serum+5 μmol·L-1 TBHQ+20 mg·L-1 cisplatin). The median inhibitory concentration (IC50) of cisplatin in each group was determined by the cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) method and the resistance index (RI) was calculated. The apoptosis rate was detected by flow cytometry. The ROS content of each group was determined with the DCFH-DA fluorescence probe. Western blot was employed to determine the protein levels of Nrf2, cleaved cysteinyl aspartate-specific protease-3 (cleaved Caspase-3), cytochrome C (Cyt C), and B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2). ResultCompared with those in the cisplatin group, the IC50 and RI of A549/DDP cells to cisplatin in Buzhong Yiqitang, ML385, and Buzhong Yiqitang+ML385 groups decreased (P˂0.05). Compared with the blank group, the cisplatin, Buzhong Yiqitang, ML385, and Buzhong Yiqitang+ML385 groups showed increased apoptosis rate of A549/DDP cells (P˂0.05). Compared with the blank group, cisplatin promoted the expression of Nrf2 (P˂0.05). Compared with the cisplatin group, Buzhong Yiqitang, ML385, and Buzhong Yiqitang+ML385 inhibited the expression of Nrf2 (P<0.05), elevated the ROS level (P˂0.05), up-regulated the protein levels of cleaved Caspase-3 and Cyt C, and down-regulated the protein level of Bcl-2 (P<0.05), which were the most significant in the Buzhong Yiqitang+ML385 group. Compared with the cisplatin group, the TBHQ group showed increased IC50 and RI of cisplatin (P<0.05), decreased apoptosis rate of A549/DDP cells (P<0.05), up-regulated protein levels of Nrf2 and Bcl-2 (P<0.05), lowered level of ROS (P˂0.05), and down-regulated protein levels of cleaved Caspase-3 and Cyt C (P<0.05). Compared with the TBHQ group, Buzhong Yiqitang+TBHQ decreased the IC50 and RI of cisplatin in A549/DDP cells (P<0.05), increased the apoptosis rate (P<0.05), down-regulated the protein levels of Nrf2 and Bcl-2 (P<0.05), increased ROS (P˂0.05), and up-regulated the protein levels of cleaved Caspase-3 and Cyt C (P<0.05). ConclusionBuzhong Yiqitang induced apoptosis by inhibiting Nrf2/ROS pathway to alleviate cisplatin resistance in A549/DDP cells.

2.
International Journal of Stem Cells ; : 180-190, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000529

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Regenerative endodontic procedures (REPs) are a research hotspot in the endodontic field. One of the biggest problems of REPs is that it is difficult to realize regeneration of pulp-dentin complex and functional reconstruction. The reason is still not clear. We hypothesize that the migration may be different in different dental stem cells. Periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) may migrate faster than stem cells of apical papilla (SCAPs), differentiating into cementum-like tissue, bone-like tissue and periodontal ligament-like tissue and, finally affecting the outcomes of REPs. Hence, this study aimed to explore the mechanism that regulates the migration of PDLSCs. @*Methods@#and Results: After isolating and culturing PDLSCs and SCAPs from human third molars, we compared the migration of PDLSCs and SCAPs. Then we investigated the role of SDF-1α-CXCR4/CXCR7 axis in PDLSC migration. We further investigated the impact of Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on PDLSC migration and the potential mechanism. PDLSCs showed better migration under both noninflammatory and inflammatory conditions than SCAPs. SDF-1α can promote the migration of PDLSCs by elevating the expression of CXCR4 and CXCR7, increasing the interaction between them, promoting expression of β-arrestin1 and activating the ERK signaling pathway. P. gingivalis LPS can promote the migration of PDLSCs toward SDF-1α through increasing the expression of CXCR4 via the NF-κB signaling pathway, promoting the expression of β-arrestin1, and activating the ERK signaling pathway. @*Conclusions@#This study helped elucidate the potential reason for the difficulty in forming pulp-dentin complex.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2640-2655, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999022

ABSTRACT

3D printing is an additive manufacturing technology with the help of digital control. Since FDA approved the first 3D printing drug in 2015, its research enthusiasm in the pharmaceutical field has been increasing year by year. In printing technology, fused deposition molding (FDM) and semi-solid extrusion (SSE) are the two most widely used extrusion molding technologies. In this review, recent advances of pharmaceutical 3D printing extrusion molding technology are reviewed from six aspects: mechanism, equipment, pharmaceutical excipients, applications, design and industrialization prospects of extrusion molding technology.

4.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 48-54, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994798

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the etiological mechanism in single small subcortical infarction (SSSI) with different imaging features.Methods:The patients registered in a database of ischemic stroke in the Department of Neurology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2016 to December 2019 were analyzed. According to the lowest slice (LS) and the total number of involved slices (TNS) on diffusion-weighted imaging, the SSSI was divided into 3 types: proximal SSSI (pSSSI; LS≤2), distal and large SSSI (dl-SSSI; LS>2, TNS>2) and distal and small SSSI (ds-SSSI; LS>2, TNS≤2). The clinical and imaging features among 3 different lesion patterns were compared by using χ 2 test, Kruskal-Wallis H test and multiple Logistic regression analysis, etc. Results:In the 3 groups of ds-SSSI ( n=205), dl-SSSI ( n=157) and pSSSI ( n=166), the prevalences of parent artery disease (PAD)[10.7% (22/205) , 19.1% (30/157) , 42.8% (71/166), respectively, χ 2=54.89, P<0.001], coronary artery disease [8.3% (17/205), 14.0% (22/157), 16.9%(28/166), respectively, χ 2=6.44, P=0.040] and severe white matter hyperintensities (sWMHs)[58.0% (119/205), 43.3% (68/157), 41.0% (68/166), respectively, χ 2=12.94, P<0.001], the level of serum homocysteine (Hcy)[18.01 (13.54, 25.56), 16.03 (12.50, 21.09), 14.72 (11.12, 19.14) μmol/L, respectively, H=19.36, P<0.001], and the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score[2(1, 3), 3(1, 4), 3(2, 6), respectively, H=39.53, P<0.001] showed statistically significant differences. Multiple Logistic regression analysis showed that compared with dl-SSSI patients, the lesion pattern of patients with higher proportion of PAD ( OR=3.12, 95% CI 1.86-5.24, P<0.001) was closer to pSSSI; the lesion pattern of patients with higher serum Hcy level ( OR=1.02, 95% CI 1.00-1.04, P=0.046) or higher proportion of sWMHs ( OR=1.79, 95% CI 1.12-2.86, P=0.015) was closer to ds-SSSI, and the lesion pattern of patients with higher proportion of PAD ( OR=0.50, 95% CI 0.27-0.93, P=0.029) or higher NIHSS score ( OR=0.84, 95% CI 0.77-0.92, P<0.001) was closer to dl-SSSI. Conclusions:The pathogenesis of ds-SSSI tends to be cerebral small vessel disease. The pathogenesis of pSSSI is related to atherosclerosis. The patients with dl-SSSI have the intermediate characteristics of pSSSI and ds-SSSI and may be unstable.

5.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 486-491, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994733

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current status of psychosomatic medical service competence and training needs among general practice resident physicians.Methods:An online questionnaire survey was conducted from August to September 2021, among general practice resident physicians selected by cluster sampling from 4 affiliated hospitals of Tongji University. The questionnaire contained the basic information, the self-assessment and training needs of psychosomatic medical service competence of participants, and psychosomatic medical service requirements of patients in the community.Results:A total of 159 questionnaires were distributed, and 140 were collected (88.1%). The survey showed that 25.7% (36/140) of participants believed that 50% or more patients had physical symptoms accompanied by emotional problems; 29.3% (41/140) thought that 50% or more patients had sleep problems, but 60.0% (84/140) of them failed to provide appropriate treatment. The rate of "core knowledge and concepts of psychosomatic medicine" was 47.5% (665/1 400) and the correct rate of "common psychosomatic diseases" was (64.6±23.4)%. Merely 21.4% (30/140) participants reported satisfaction with the psychosomatic medical service competence; 62.8% (88/140) respondents believed that the coverage rate of the above-mentioned competence training in the current general practice residential training program was less than 50%, and 66.4% (93/140) supported that more psychosomatic training was "necessary". The acceptance rate of online training, workshops, MDT, and clinical practice ranged from 56.4% (79/140) to 63.4% (89/140).Conclusions:The survey indicates that there are large needs for psychosomatic medical services among patients in community, but the competence and confidence of general practice resident physicians to provide the service are significantly insufficient. Therefore, it is suggested to strengthen the training of psychosomatic medical service competence in the general practice residency training program.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 241-247, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993181

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the differences in dosimetric quality and plan complexity of volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) plans based on Halcyon 2.0 and Truebeam for different treatment sites of the patients.Methods:Halcyon 2.0 VMAT plans in head & neck, chest, abdomen, and pelvis treatment sites of 49 cases were retrospectively selected and the VMAT plans were re-designed based on Truebeam with the same optimization parameters. The differences in dosimetric metrics and plan complexity between the two types of plans were compared and analyzed. P<0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results:In terms of PTV, Halcyon 2.0 plans showed better homogeneity index (HI), conformal index (CI) in the head & neck and chest. Besides, Halcyon 2.0 plans yielded better D 98% and CI in the abdomen and better D 2% in the pelvis. For organs at risk (OAR), the D 20% and D mean of bilateral lungs, and D meanof heart for Halcyon 2.0 plans in the chest were lower than those for Truebeam plans (all P<0.05). For the complexity metrics, the median average aperture area variability (AAV) of Halcyon 2.0 plans in the head & neck, abdomen and pelvis were 0.414, 0.425 and 0.432, which were better than 0.385, 0.368 and 0.361 of Truebeam plans in the corresponding sites, respectively. In the abdomen and pelvis, Halcyon 2.0 plans showed better median modulation complexity score (MCS) than Truebeam plans (0.320 vs. 0.268, 0.303 vs. 0.282; both P<0.05). The median small aperture score (SAS) for all plans of Halcyon 2.0 were better than that of Truebeam plans (all P<0.05), and the median plan average beam area (PA) of all plans of Halcyon 2.0 were larger than that of Truebeam plans (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Compared with conventional fractionated VMAT plans based on Halcyon 2.0 and Truebeam, Halcyon 2.0 plans have similar or even better dosimetric quality. However, Halcyon 2.0 plans have lower plan complexity, which makes it an advantage in clinical application.

7.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 709-715, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984708

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the association between cardiometabolic diseases (CMD) and quality of life, the association between CMD and perceived stress, and the mediation effect of perceived stress on the association between CMD and quality of life, and to provide evidence for the prevention and treatment of CMD and the improvement of quality of life in these patients. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. Data were collected by the employees' physical examination of a company in Xi'an in 2021. Multiple linear regression models were used to analyze the association between the status of CMD (divided into three categories: no CMD, presence of one kind of CMD, and with≥2 kinds of CMD (≥2 kinds of CMD were defined as cardiometabolic multimorbidity (CMM)), quality of life, and perceived stress. Mediation analysis with a multi-categorical independent variable was conducted to determine the mediation effect of perceived stress on the association between CMD and quality of life. Results: Among all 4 272 participants, 1 457 (34.1%) participants had one kind of CMD and 677 (15.8%) participants had CMM. The average scores for quality of life and perceived stress were (57.5±15.7) and (16.9±7.9), respectively. Compared with participants without CMD, after adjusting for demographic and lifestyle factors, no statistically significant associations were observed between one kind of CMD and perceived stress or quality of life (both P>0.05). Perceived stress did not mediate the association between one kind of CMD and quality of life. However, participants with CMM had lower quality of life and higher perceived stress than participants without CMD. The relative total effect coefficient c (95%CI) and the relative direct effect coefficient c' (95%CI) between CMM and quality of life were -3.71 (-5.04--2.37) and -2.52 (-3.81--1.24) (both P<0.05), respectively. The relative indirect effect coefficient a2b (95%CI) of perceived stress on the association between CMM and quality of life was -1.18 (-1.62--0.77) (P<0.05). The mediation effect size was 31.8%. Conclusions: CMM is negatively associated with quality of life and positively associated with perceived stress. Perceived stress partially mediates the association between CMM and quality of life. Our results suggest that, in addition to preventing and treating CMM actively, efforts should be taken to relieve the perceived stress of people with CMM to improve their quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Stress, Psychological
8.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 362-367, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970216

ABSTRACT

With the continuous development of evidence-based medicine, increasing attention has been paid to the construction of a large medical database to ensure a source of high quality real-world data. The Chinese Medical Association Colorectal Surgery Group created the Chinese Colorectal Cancer Surgery Database (CCCD), whose objective is to promote the development of colorectal surgery and improve patient prognosis with evidence-based medicine theory. Compared to major databases around the world, CCCD contains more comprehensive information on colorectal cancer surgical cases, recording the main epidemiological characteristics and detailed surgical information, but perioperative treatment data still need to be strengthened. It is necessary to continuously expand the coverage, enrich perioperative data and strengthen data, quality control. In the future, CCCD is expected to play a role in promoting homogenization of medical services, promoting smooth and effective graded diagnosis and treatment, giving full role to the characteristics of each center to achieve integrated development, and connecting real-world data and artificial intelligence.

9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 784-790, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985823

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the radiomics model based on high-resolution T2WI and diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) in predicting microsatellite stability in patients with stage Ⅱ and Ⅲ rectal cancer. Methods: From February 2016 to October 2020, 175 patients with stage Ⅱ and Ⅲ rectal cancer who met the inclusion criteria were retrospectively collected. There were 119 males and 56 females, aged (63.9±9.4) years (range: 37 to 85 years), including 152 patients with microsatellite stability and 23 patients with microsatellite instability. All patients were randomly divided into the training group (n=123) and the validation group (n=52) with a ratio of 7∶3. The region of interest was labeled on the T2WI and DWI images of each patient using the ITK-SNAP software, and PyRadiomics was used to extract seven kinds of radiomics features. After removing redundant features and normalizing features, the least absolute shrinkage and selection operation were used for feature selection. One clinical model, three radiomics models and one clinical-radiomics model were constructed in the training group based on a support vector machine. The area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were used to evaluate the performance of the models in the verification group. Results: Three clinical features (age, degree of tumor differentiation, and distance from the lower edge of the tumor to the anal edge) and six radiomics features (two DWI-related features and four T2WI-related features) most related to microsatellite status of rectal cancer patients were selected. The AUC of the clinical-radiomics model in the training group was 0.95. In the validation group, the AUC was 0.81, better than the clinical model (0.68, Z=0.71, P=0.04), and equivalent to the T2WI+DWI model (0.82, Z=0.21, P=0.83). Conclusions: Radiomic features based on preoperative T2WI and DWI were related to microsatellite stability in patients with stage Ⅱ and Ⅲ rectal cancer and showed a high classification efficiency. The model based on the features provided a noninvasive and convenient tool for preoperative determination of microsatellite stability in rectal cancer patients.

10.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 566-571, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985445

ABSTRACT

As a single-center retrospective study, we analyzed the results of rotavirus and human adenovirus antigens in stool samples with colloidal gold immunochromatography method in children with acute gastroenteritis under the age of five who were treated in our hospital from 2019 to 2022. After excluding nonconforming cases and duplicate cases, 2 896 cases were included, of which 559 cases were detected with at least one viral antigen. According to the test results, they were divided into RV positive group, HAdV positive group and RV & HAdV double positive group. The gender, age, seasonal distribution, clinical symptoms and related laboratory tests were compared and analyzed with χ2 test, analysis of variance and nonparametric test. Among the single samples from 2 896 children, the positive rate of RV antigen was 6.21% (180/2 896), the positive rate of HAdV antigen was 10.91% (316/2 896), and the double positive rate of RV & HAdV was 2.18% (63/2 896). The positive rate of HAdV antigen in 2021 was 16.11%, a significant increase compared with 6.20% in 2020. RV infection has obvious seasonality, and spring and winter are the seasons with high incidence of infection (χ2=74.018, P<0.001), while HAdV infection has no obvious seasonality (χ2=2.110, P=0.550), showing sporadic infection throughout the year. The proportions of fever and vomiting symptoms in children with RV infection were significantly higher than those in the HAdV infection group (χ2=40.401, P<0.001; χ2=32.593, P<0.001), but the positive rate of white blood cells in the stool was significantly lower than that in the HAdV infection group (χ2=13.741,P<0.01). In summary, paying attention to the epidemiological changes of RV and HAdV is of great significance for clinical diagnosis and treatment and disease prevention and control.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant , Rotavirus , Retrospective Studies , Gastroenteritis/epidemiology , Hospitals , Feces , Adenoviruses, Human , Adenovirus Infections, Human/epidemiology
11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 417-421, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980738

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of Tiaoqi Jieyu (regulating qi and relieving depression) acupuncture on the clinical symptoms of treatment-resistant depression (TRD), and to explore the relationship between the acupuncture pain sensitivity and symptom's improvement.@*METHODS@#A total of 78 patients with TRD were randomly divided into an observation group (39 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a control group (39 cases, 4 cases dropped off). The patients in the control group were treated with medications according to the treatment plan of psychiatrists (at least one medication was 5-hydroxytryptamine reuptake inhibitor). On the basis of the control group, the patients in the observation group were treated with Tiaoqi Jieyu acupuncture, and Baihui (GV 20), Yintang (GV 24+), Yanglingquan (GB 34), Taichong (LR 3), Hegu (LI 4), Neiguan (PC 6), Yinlingquan (SP 9) and Zusanli (ST 36), etc. were selected. The acupuncture was given three times a week. Both groups were treated for 8 weeks. After 8-week treatment, the response rate of Hamilton depression scale-24 (HAMD-24) score after was evaluated in the two groups. The scores of HAMD-24 and Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA) were compared between the two groups before treatment, after 4, 8-week treatment and 12 weeks after treatment (follow-up). After the first treatment and 8-week treatment, the visual analogue scale (VAS) score in the observation group was evaluated, and the correlation between VAS score after the first treatment and HAMD-24 score before treatment, between VAS score after the first treatment and the course of disease in the observation group was analyzed, and the correlation between difference of VAS after 8-week treatment and after the first treatment and difference of HAMD-24 score before treatment and after 8-week treatment was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#After 8-week treatment, the response rate of HAMD-24 score in the observation group was 52.8% (19/36), higher than 17.1% (6/35) in the control group (P<0.001). Compared before treatment, the scores of HAMD-24 and HAMA in the two groups were decreased after 4-week treatment, 8-week treatment and in follow-up (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were superior to the control group (P<0.05). After 8-week treatment, the acupuncture pain VAS score in the observation group was (5.28±2.13) points, which was higher than (3.33±1.62) points after the first treatment (P<0.001). There was a negative correlation between VAS score after the first treatment and HAMD-24 score before treatment in the observation group (r =-0.486, P=0.003); there was no correlation between acupuncture pain VAS score after the first treatment and the course of disease in the observation group (P>0.05). After 8-week treatment, there was a positive correlation between the difference of VAS score and the difference of HAMD-24 score in the observation group (r =0.514, P=0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Tiaoqi Jieyu acupuncture could improve the depression and anxiety in patients with TRD, and the symptom's improvement is related to the recovery of acupuncture pain sensitivity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Depression/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture Points , Pain
12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1486-1489, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980538

ABSTRACT

Central retinal artery occlusion(CRAO), also known as eye stroke, always results in acute and painless visual loss. At present, conservative treatments, such as eye massage, lowering intraocular pressure and vasodilators have little effect on reducing visual loss. Intra-arterial thrombolysis(IAT)has significantly improved prognosis in patients with acute ischemic stroke, thus IAT has been gradually applied in the treatment of CRAO. IAT injects fibrinolytic drugs directly into the ophthalmic artery by a microcatheter, and dissolves the emboli that block the central retinal artery to restore the blood flow of the retina. Theoretically, IAT may be effective for CRAO as what has been found for stroke, but existing clinical studies exhibited inconsistent results. This paper summarizes the feasibility, efficacy, and safety of IAT treatment in CRAO. It will also analyze related factors that affect the prognosis, putting forward potential development directions and providing insights for the further clinical application of IAT.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1041-1048, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978751

ABSTRACT

Mannitol-calcium chloride metal organic framework (MOF) cocrystal significantly improved the tabletability of β-mannitol and could be developed as a new tablet filler. However, mannitol monomer was found in the product during the scale-up production of the excipient, which significantly affected the functional properties of the excipient. In this study, we intend to quantify the multi-component eutectic system of mannitol-calcium chloride. In this experiment, the MOF cocrystal excipient mannitol-calcium chloride cocrystal was used as the model compound, and infrared spectrum was collected. Based on partial least squares regression (PLSR) method, the abnormal bands were removed and the spectrum was preprocessed by normalization. The quantitative correction model of mannitol-calcium chloride MOF cocrystal content in cocrystal excipients was established and compared by two different variable screening methods, genetic algorithm (GA) and competitive adaptive reweighting algorithm (CARS). Two different variable screening methods, GA method and CARS method, were used to screen out 160 and 14 variables, respectively. The mannitol-calcium chloride cocrystal model established by CARS-PLSR method had the best performance, and the average relative error (MRE) and corrected root mean square error (RMSEC) of the model were 0.008 8 and 0.892 5, respectively, the determination coefficient (R2) of the model was increased from 0.978 3 to 0.994 4. The quantitative method of eutectic system established in this study has high prediction accuracy, fast detection speed and good stability, which is of great significance for optimizing the preparation process conditions and quality control methods of such eutectic excipients.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1138-1148, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978677

ABSTRACT

In order to study the analgesic effect of Shaoyao Gancao Decoction, this paper discussed material basis and mechanism from the perspective of macromolecules in traditional Chinese medicine. Inspired by the phenomenon of turbidity after boiling Chinese medicine, this experiment took Shaoyao Gancao Decoction as the research object to study the formation process of precipitation during boiling. The results showed that aggregates with a certain shape were formed in the solvent during the boiling process, and the precipitate was obtained by standing and centrifuging. Analysis found that the precipitation was mainly composed of small molecules such as paeoniflorin, albiflorin, liquiritin, glycyrrhizic acid, isoliquiritin and gallic acid, and macromolecules such as protein and polysaccharide. The composition of precipitate was consistent with that of Shaoyao Gancao Decoction, but the analgesic effect of Shaoyao Gancao Decoction after removing the precipitate was significantly reduced. Based on these results, we isolated small molecular compounds, polysaccharides and protein from Shaoyao Gancao Decoction and their contents are 60.4, 700.7 and 207.2 mg·g-1 respectively. We get the ratio, polysaccharide: small molecule = 11.6∶1, protein: small molecule = 3.4∶1, the precipitate is prepared in the state of boiling. The characterization results showed that the particle size of the precipitate will change significantly after co-heating, and the content determination results showed that the content of the six small molecular compounds which was free in solvent was significantly reduced after the formation of the precipitate. The acetic acid writhing experiment proved that the precipitate has a good analgesic effect, and effectively reduced the levels of inflammatory factors prostaglandin E2 and nitric oxide, and increased the level of anti-inflammatory factor interleukin-10. These results proved that the precipitate in Shaoyao Gancao Decoction is an important material basis for analgesic effect, and macromolecules such as protein and polysaccharide are the main components of the precipitate. The study of macromolecules in the precipitate of Shaoyao Gancao Decoction not only provides new ideas and methods for elucidating the pharmacodynamic material basis of Shaoyao Gancao Decoction, but also provides a reference for analyzing the scientificity of traditional decoction.

15.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 291-295, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973686

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct lipid nanoparticles DLin-LNP for mRNA delivery. Methods DLin-LNP was prepared by thin film hydration method, and DLin-LNP/mRNA was further constructed by using EGFP-mRNA as model drug. The particle size, zeta potential, and appearance morphology were measured. Furthermore, the intracellular distribution and transfection of DLin-LNP/mRNA in RM-1 cells was investigated by laser scanning confocal microscope. Results DLin-LNP was successfully prepared. The average particle size was about (151.1±2.1) nm, the no-load potential was (23.7±0.5) mV. The cytotoxicity of DLin-LNP was far lower than that of the commercially available liposomal Lipo8000. The results of transfection experiment indicated that DLin-LNP has high transfection efficiency for mRNA delivery with low cytotoxicity and good stability. Conclusion DLin-LNP could become a potential mRNA vector for gene therapy.

16.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 662-664, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982650

ABSTRACT

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a clinical syndrome defined by acute onset of hypoxemia and bilateral pulmonary opacities not fully explained by cardiac failure or volume overload. At present, there is no specific drug treatment for ARDS, and the mortality rate is high. The reason may be that ARDS has rapid onset, rapid progression, complex etiology, and great heterogeneity of clinical manifestations and treatment. Compared with traditional data analysis, machine learning algorithms can automatically analyze and obtain rules from complex data and interpret them to assist clinical decision making. This review aims to provide a brief overview of the machine learning progression in ARDS clinical phenotype, onset prediction, prognosis stratification, and interpretable machine learning in recent years, in order to provide reference for clinical.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypoxia/complications , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/etiology , Prognosis , Machine Learning
17.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 433-447, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982561

ABSTRACT

Molecular knowledge of human gastric corpus epithelium remains incomplete. Here, by integrated analyses using single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq), spatial transcriptomics, and single-cell assay for transposase accessible chromatin sequencing (scATAC-seq) techniques, we uncovered the spatially resolved expression landscape and gene-regulatory network of human gastric corpus epithelium. Specifically, we identified a stem/progenitor cell population in the isthmus of human gastric corpus, where EGF and WNT signaling pathways were activated. Meanwhile, LGR4, but not LGR5, was responsible for the activation of WNT signaling pathway. Importantly, FABP5 and NME1 were identified and validated as crucial for both normal gastric stem/progenitor cells and gastric cancer cells. Finally, we explored the epigenetic regulation of critical genes for gastric corpus epithelium at chromatin state level, and identified several important cell-type-specific transcription factors. In summary, our work provides novel insights to systematically understand the cellular diversity and homeostasis of human gastric corpus epithelium in vivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Epigenesis, Genetic , Gastric Mucosa/metabolism , Chromatin/metabolism , Stem Cells , Epithelium/metabolism , Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins/metabolism
18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3684-3692, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981498

ABSTRACT

According to the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) theory, Qi is the essential component maintaining life. Mitochondria are the cellular organelles that generate energy. Qi exhibits abundant common characteristics in bioenergetics compared with mitochondria which control the cellular energy through fusion and fission. Studies have proven that the qi-tonifying function of Chinese medicinal plants and their components facilitates mitochondrial fusion, therefore enhancing ATP synthesis. These studies provide a framework for deciphering the pharmacological mechanisms of Qi-tonifying herbs. This article introduces the common source and function shared by Qi and mitochondria and the regulatory effects of herbal remedies on energy from mitochondria dynamics. This review aims to interpret the connotation of tonifying qi in TCM theory based on the modern biomedical theory.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Qi , Mitochondrial Dynamics , Plants, Medicinal
19.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 394-403, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992614

ABSTRACT

Hip fractures are among the most common fractures in the elderly, presenting to be a leading cause of disability and mortality. Surgical treatment is currently the main treatment method for hip fractures. The incidence of perioperative malnutrition is increased after hip fractures in the elderly due to the comorbidities, decreased basal metabolic rate, accelerated protein breakdown, weakened anabolism and surgical stress. However, malnutrition not only increases the incidence of postoperative complications, but also leads to increased mortality, indicating an important role of perioperative nursing management of nutrition for the elderly patients with hip fractures. At present, there still lacks scientific guidance and application standards on perioperative nursing management of nutrition for the elderly patients with hip fractures. Therefore, the Orthopedic Nursing Committee of Chinese Nursing Association and the Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Trauma organized relevant experts to formulate the Expert consensus on perioperative nursing management of nutrition for elderly patients with hip fractures ( version 2023) according to evidence-based medical evidences and their clinical experiences. Fourteen recommendations were made from aspects of nutrition screening, nutrition assessment, nutrition diagnosis, nutrition intervention and nutrition monitoring to provide guidance for perioperative nursing management of nutrition in elderly patients with hip fractures.

20.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 214-222, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992590

ABSTRACT

Hip fracture is considered as the most severe osteoporotic fracture characterized by high disability and mortality in the elderly. Improved surgical techniques and multidisciplinary team play an active role in alleviating prognosis, which places higher demands on perioperative nursing. Dysfunction, complications, and secondary impact of anaesthesia and surgery add more difficulties to clinical nursing. Besides, there still lack clinical practices in perioperative nursing for elderly patients with hip fracture in China. In this context, led by the Orthopedic Nursing Committee of Chinese Nursing Association, the Expert consensus on clinical practice in perioperative nursing for elderly patients with hip fracture ( version 2023) is developed based on the evidence-based medicine. This consensus provides 11 recommendations on elderly patients with hip fracture from aspects of perioperative health education, condition monitoring and inspection, complication risk assessment and prevention, and rehabilitation, in order to provide guiding advices for clinical practice, improve the quality of nursing and ameliorate the prognosis of elderly patients with hip fracture.

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