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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941588

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the lead bioactive compound in kernel extract of Mangifera pajang and its anti-cancer activity against human breast cancer cell lines with positive estrogen receptor (MCF-7). Methods: The methanolic extract of dried powder kernel of Mangifera pajang was exposed to column chromatography for isolation. The structural elucidation of the isolated compound was characterized using infrared, nuclear magnetic resonance, mass spectrometry. Furthermore, cytotoxicity, morphological changes, flow cytometry and cell cycle arrest analyses were performed to examine the mechanism of anti-proliferation and apoptosis induced by methyl gallate against MCF-7. Results: One compound was isolated from the methanolic extract of Mangifera pajang kernel and identified as methyl gallate. The flow cytometric results demonstrated induction of apoptosis in MCF-7 cells by three concentrations of methyl gallate. The cell cycle arrest showed a significant (P<0.05) decrease in cell progression at G 2/M phase of MCF-7 after treatment with 100 μM of methyl gallate. The cell percentage of early and late apoptosis was significant at 10 and 100 μM of methyl gallate. Also, methyl gallate treatment induced up-regulation of reactive oxygen species levels in MCF-7 cells with a reduction in superoxide dismutase levels. Conclusions: These findings indicate that isolated methyl gallate from Mangifera pajang kernel extracts induces growth inhibition and apoptosis in MCF-7 cells via up-regulating oxidative stress pathway.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937807

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose Oral administration of cholinesterase inhibitors is often associated with adverse gastrointestinal effects, and so developing an alternative administration route, such as transdermal, is urgently needed. The primary objective of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of the IPI-301 donepezil transdermal patch compared with donepezil tablets (control) in mild-to-moderate probable Alzheimer’s disease (AD). @*Methods@#This prospective, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, two-arm parallel, multicenter trial included 399 patients, among whom 303 completed the trial. For randomization, the patients were stratified based on previous treatment and donepezil dose; patients in each stratum were randomized to the test and control groups at a 1:1 ratio. @*Results@#The difference between the control group and the IPI-301 group, quantified as the Hodges–Lehmann estimate of location shift, was 0.00 (95% confidence interval: -1.00 to 1.33), with an upper limit of less than 2.02. The change in Alzheimer’s Disease Cooperative Study– Activities of Daily Living (ADCS-ADL) score differed significantly between the IPI-301 and control groups (p=0.02). However, the changes in the full-itemized ADCS-ADL scores at week 24 did not differ significantly between the two groups. There were no differences between the two groups regarding the scores for the Clinician Interview-Based Impression of Change (f0.9097), Mini-Mental State Examination (p=0.7018), Neuropsychiatric Inventory (p=0.7656), or Clinical Dementia Rating (p=0.9990). Adverse events, vital signs, and laboratory test results were comparable between the two groups. @*Conclusions@#IPI-301 was safe and efficacious in improving cognitive function in patients with mild-to-moderate AD.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891440

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose The rate of donepezil discontinuation and the underlying reasons for discontinuation in Asian patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) are currently unknown. We aimed to determine the treatment discontinuation rates in AD patients who had newly been prescribed donepezil in routine clinical practice in Asia. @*Methods@#This 1-year observational study involved 38 institutions in seven Asian countries, and it evaluated 398 participants aged 50–90 years with a diagnosis of probable AD and on newly prescribed donepezil monotherapy. The primary endpoint was the rate of donepezil discontinuation over 1 year. Secondary endpoints included the reason for discontinuation,treatment duration, changes in cognitive function over the 1-year study period, and compliance as assessed using a clinician rating scale (CRS) and visual analog scale (VAS). @*Results@#Donepezil was discontinued in 83 (20.9%) patients, most commonly due to an adverse event (43.4%). The mean treatment duration was 103.67 days in patients who discontinued. Among patients whose cognitive function was assessed at baseline and 1 year, there were no significant changes in scores on the Mini-Mental State Examination, Montreal Cognitive Assessment, and Trail-Making Test–Black and White scores, whereas the Clinical Dementia Rating score increased significantly (p<0.001). Treatment compliance at 1 year was 96.8% (306/316) on the CRS and 92.6±14.1% (mean±standard deviation) on the VAS. @*Conclusions@#In patients on newly prescribed donepezil, the primary reason for discontinuation was an adverse event. Cognitive assessments revealed no significant worsening at 1 year, indicating that continuous donepezil treatment contributes to the maintenance of cognitive function.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899144

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose The rate of donepezil discontinuation and the underlying reasons for discontinuation in Asian patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) are currently unknown. We aimed to determine the treatment discontinuation rates in AD patients who had newly been prescribed donepezil in routine clinical practice in Asia. @*Methods@#This 1-year observational study involved 38 institutions in seven Asian countries, and it evaluated 398 participants aged 50–90 years with a diagnosis of probable AD and on newly prescribed donepezil monotherapy. The primary endpoint was the rate of donepezil discontinuation over 1 year. Secondary endpoints included the reason for discontinuation,treatment duration, changes in cognitive function over the 1-year study period, and compliance as assessed using a clinician rating scale (CRS) and visual analog scale (VAS). @*Results@#Donepezil was discontinued in 83 (20.9%) patients, most commonly due to an adverse event (43.4%). The mean treatment duration was 103.67 days in patients who discontinued. Among patients whose cognitive function was assessed at baseline and 1 year, there were no significant changes in scores on the Mini-Mental State Examination, Montreal Cognitive Assessment, and Trail-Making Test–Black and White scores, whereas the Clinical Dementia Rating score increased significantly (p<0.001). Treatment compliance at 1 year was 96.8% (306/316) on the CRS and 92.6±14.1% (mean±standard deviation) on the VAS. @*Conclusions@#In patients on newly prescribed donepezil, the primary reason for discontinuation was an adverse event. Cognitive assessments revealed no significant worsening at 1 year, indicating that continuous donepezil treatment contributes to the maintenance of cognitive function.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897895

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The purpose of this study is to investigate the safety, tolerability and efficacy of titrating dose of rivastigmine oral solution in patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer’s disease (AD) in Taiwan. @*Methods@#We recruited 108 mild to moderate AD patients with RivastⓇ (rivastigmine oral solution 2 mg/ml) treatment for 52 weeks. We recorded the demographic characteristics, initial cognition by mini-mental state examination (MMSE), initial global status by clinical dementia rating (CDR) with CDR-Sum of Boxes (CDR-SB), initial dose, and titrating dose at each visit. We investigated the adherence, proportion of possible side effects, optimal dose, and time to optimal dose. We demonstrated the proportion of cognitive decline and its possible risk factors. @*Results@#During the course, 9 patients discontinued the rivastigmine oral solution due to poor compliance or preference. Twelve out of 99 patients (12.1%) reported possible side effects. Among 87 patients, the mean age was 77.2 ± 9.0 years ago with female predominant (65.2%). The optimal dose was 3.6 ± 1.4 ml in average and 4 ml (n = 31, 35.6%) in mode. The duration to optimal dose was 12.5 ± 10.2 weeks and 24 weeks (n = 35, 40.2%) in mode. It presented 25% with cognitive decline in MMSE, 27% with global function decline in CDR and 63% with global function decline in CDR-SB. @*Conclusion@#We demonstrated the clinical experience of rivastigmine oral solution in mild to moderate AD patients. It suggested rivastigmine oral solution 4ml is the optimal dose with 24 weeks to the optimal dose for at least one third of patients.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890191

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The purpose of this study is to investigate the safety, tolerability and efficacy of titrating dose of rivastigmine oral solution in patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer’s disease (AD) in Taiwan. @*Methods@#We recruited 108 mild to moderate AD patients with RivastⓇ (rivastigmine oral solution 2 mg/ml) treatment for 52 weeks. We recorded the demographic characteristics, initial cognition by mini-mental state examination (MMSE), initial global status by clinical dementia rating (CDR) with CDR-Sum of Boxes (CDR-SB), initial dose, and titrating dose at each visit. We investigated the adherence, proportion of possible side effects, optimal dose, and time to optimal dose. We demonstrated the proportion of cognitive decline and its possible risk factors. @*Results@#During the course, 9 patients discontinued the rivastigmine oral solution due to poor compliance or preference. Twelve out of 99 patients (12.1%) reported possible side effects. Among 87 patients, the mean age was 77.2 ± 9.0 years ago with female predominant (65.2%). The optimal dose was 3.6 ± 1.4 ml in average and 4 ml (n = 31, 35.6%) in mode. The duration to optimal dose was 12.5 ± 10.2 weeks and 24 weeks (n = 35, 40.2%) in mode. It presented 25% with cognitive decline in MMSE, 27% with global function decline in CDR and 63% with global function decline in CDR-SB. @*Conclusion@#We demonstrated the clinical experience of rivastigmine oral solution in mild to moderate AD patients. It suggested rivastigmine oral solution 4ml is the optimal dose with 24 weeks to the optimal dose for at least one third of patients.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863185

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the relationship between occupational stress and carotid atherosclerosis in police population of Tianjin City.Methods:A total of 866 male police officers who underwent medical examination and treatment were selected as the survey object. A uniformly designed health questionnaire and occupational stress scale were used for epidemiological investigation. The blood pressure, blood sugar and blood lipid testing, and carotid ultrasound examination were conducted. Multi-factor unconditional logistic regression model was used for statistical analysis.Results:According to the norms of occupational stress of security service personnel, the classification standards of occupational tasks and individual nervous, occupational stress levels were divided into low, moderate, medium and high level. The possibility of occurring CAS in the civilian police population with high and medium individual nervous is 4.37 (95% CI: 1.92~11.59) and 3.28 times (95% CI: 1.84~5.62) than that in the police without nervous. The possibility of occurring CAS in the civilian police population with medium and high level of occupational tasks is 0.19 times (95% CI: 0.06~0.32) and 0.26 times (95% CI: 0.07~0.53) than that in the police with low level of occupational tasks. Conclusions:Occupational stress may be an independent risk factor for CAS occurring in the police population. Therefore, regular psychological counseling is particularly important for the physical and mental health of the police population, which can alleviate occupational stress and psychological pressure.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846583

ABSTRACT

Since the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was discovered in Hubei, it has rapidly swept across the whole country and many overseas regions. At present, there are no specific drugs and vaccines for SARS-CoV-2 in modern medicine. Therefore, the therapy is mainly symptomatic for treatment. According to the instruction-spirit of “Following the development rules of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), inheriting the essence and keeping the integrity and innovation” and “attaching equal importance to TCM and Western medicine” by President Xi Jin-ping, many local hospitals has established and improved the cooperation mechanism between traditional and modern medicine. And many protocols on the prevention & treatment have been published. By retrieving these protocols, opinions of academicians and scholars, and clinical therapies reported by medical research institutions, we summarized the main prevention and cure methods of COVID-19, and found that the clinical application of integrative medicine protocols have obvious advantages in improving patient symptoms, shortening the course of disease, delaying the progress of disease, and reducing mortality. The integrative medicine can play an active role in COVID-19’s prevention and treatment.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857540

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the influence of high mobility group box-1 protein (HMGB1) inhibition on the expression of receptors for advanced glycation end products (RAGE)/Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signal passway related proteins, RAGE, TLR4, NF-kB, interieukin-1β (IL-1βand tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) in HT22 cells stimulated with amyloid-β25-35 (Aβ25-35). METHODS HT22 cells were stimulated with Aβ25-350, 2.5, 5, 10, 20 and 40 ymol • L"1 for 24 h, and the vitality of HT22 cells was determined using MTT assay. Half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) was calculated. HT22 cells were divided into 5 groups: Normal cell control group, Apas-K 40 Mmol-L"' group, siRNA 50 Mmol-L"' group, siRNA or scramble siRNA+APas-as group (HT22 cells were transfected with siRNA or scramble siRNA at 50 pmol • L"' for 24 h, then treated with synthetic Apa-as at a final concentration of 40 pmol • L"1 for 24 h). The morphology of HT22 cells was observed under a microscope. The location of HMGB1 was observed by immunofluorescence. The protein expressions of HMGB1, RAGE, TLR4 and NF-kB P65 were detected by Western blotting. The levels of IL-IP and TNF-α in the culture supernatants were examined by ELISA. RESULTS The ICso of HT22 cells treated with Apas-as for 24 h was 41.17 Mmol-L-1, and A25-35 40 Mmol-L"1 was selected in subsequent experiments. After 24 h treatment with A25-35 40 nmol-L"', a large number of cells died, or aggregated into clusters, processes decreased, cell gaps increased, and HMGB1 was released from the nucleus to the outside. The protein expressions of HMGB1, RAGE, TLR4 and NF-kB P65 in HT22 cells were significantly increased (P<0.05) after treatment with Apas-as, and the levels of IL-1p and TNF-α in the culture supernatants were significantly increased (P<0.05). The protein expressions of HMGB1, RAGE, TLR4 and NF-kB P65 in HT22 cells were significantly decreased (P<0.05) after 24 h treatment with siRNA 50 pmol-L"' and the levels of IL-1p and TNF-α in the culture supernatants were significantly decreased (P<0.05). CONCLUSION RNA interference with HMGB1 reduces the expression of HMGB1, RAGE, TLR4 and NF-kB P65 in HT22 cells stimulated with A25-35

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941844

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To quantitatively analyze image quality of two sets of phantom (CatPhan504 and Cheese) Megavoltage computed tomography (MVCT) images acquired by Helical Tomotherapy with three scanning modes (Fine, Normal and Coarse), and to explore and validate a semi-automatic quality assurance procedure for MVCT images of Helical Tomotherapy.@*METHODS@#On Helical Tomotherapy, CatPan504 and Cheese phantoms were scanned with three pitch levels (Fine, Normal, Coarse: 4 mm, 8 mm, 12 mm/circle) respectively. Pylinac, Matlab and Eclipse were used to calculate and compare spatial resolution, noise level and low contrast resolution of images obtained under three scanning modes respectively. The spatial resolution can be evaluated by the blurring of line-pair CT value in the images of CatPhan504's CTP528 module. The noise level can be evaluated by the integral non-uniformity in the images of Cheese's uniformity module. the low contrast resolution can be evaluated by contrast-to-noise ratio of both phantoms' plug-in module, or visibility of the region of interest (Supra-Slice) in the images of CatPhan504's CTP515 module.@*RESULTS@#Analyses on CatPhan504's line pair module(CTP528 module) showed that the first three line pairs(the gap size are 0.500 cm, 0.250 cm and 0.167 cm respectively) could be clearly observed but blurring began to occur from the fourth line pair(the gap size is 0.125 cm) under Coarse mode. Meanwhile, the first four line pairs were all observable under the Normal and Fine modes. Integral non-integrity index(the value negatively correlated with the noise level) were 0.155 7, 0.136 8 and 0.122 9 for Coarse, Normal and Fine modes respectively. None of the Supra-Slice in CatPhan504's CTP515 module could be observed under three imaging modes. Low contrast contrast-to-noise ratio of Cheese phantom was similar under three modes and the insert visibility exhibited nearly linear growth with the increasing difference between CT average value of the insert material and background.@*CONCLUSION@#Superiority and inferiority of three image modes in terms of the three image quality index was not consistent. Evaluation results above could provide reference for more rational decision on scanning modes selection of helical tomotherapy, which was based on image visualization demands in clinical practice. The proposed method could also provide guidance for similar image quality assessment and periodic quality assurance.


Subject(s)
Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Phantoms, Imaging , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated , Tomography, Spiral Computed , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1208-1211, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796451

ABSTRACT

Background:@#Blood purification (BP) is one of the most important rescue measures for patients with critical illness in the intensive care unit (ICU), especially for those with acute kidney injury. The purpose of this nationwide survey was to reveal the real world of current BP practice in different ICUs all over China. This study was designed to be a multi-center cross-sectional study.@*Methods:@#All adult patients (over 18 years of age), who were admitted to ICU and required BP in 35 sub-centers across China were included during 30-day survey period in 2018. Demographic characteristics and clinical data were recorded including the timing of treatment initiation, indications, modality, relative contraindication, establishment of vascular access, selection of filter/membrane, settings, anti-coagulation, executive department, complication, intake, and output.@*Discussion:@#This nationwide survey may contribute to reveal the real world of current BP practice in different ICUs all over China.@*Trial registration:@#Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR-EOC-17013119; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=22487.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815983

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to introduce the experience in treatment of acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction(STEMI), saphenous vein graft(SVG), Chronic total occlusion(CTO),In-stent restenosis(ISR)and diffuse calcification lesions by excimer laser coronary atherectomy(ELCA). METHODS: Twenty-two patients were enrolled through our center from November 2016 to May 2017 and ELCA was performed on 22 lesions.The clinical and procedure endpoints were recorded. RESULTS: All the lesions were successfully crossed with laser catheterand and finally were performed by ELCA. Five cases(22.7%)with STEMI, ten cases(45.5%) with SVG lesions,five cases with ISR and other cases were CTO(4.5%) and Calcification(4.5%) lesions.Seventeen patients underwent balloon dilatation and successful implantation of drug-eluting stents(DES) and one patients was treated with drug-eluting balloon(DEB).the procedual and clinical success rates were 100%. At 6.6±2.7 months follow-up, there were no major adverse cardiac events(MACEs) and ELCA relatedcomplications recorded. Conclution This limited evdiences showed that treatment of complex coronary lesions by excimer laser coronary atherectomy may be a Safe and effective choice.It can be further popularized in complex coronary artery disease.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1208-1211, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772228

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Blood purification (BP) is one of the most important rescue measures for patients with critical illness in the intensive care unit (ICU), especially for those with acute kidney injury. The purpose of this nationwide survey was to reveal the real world of current BP practice in different ICUs all over China. This study was designed to be a multi-center cross-sectional study.@*METHODS@#All adult patients (over 18 years of age), who were admitted to ICU and required BP in 35 sub-centers across China were included during 30-day survey period in 2018. Demographic characteristics and clinical data were recorded including the timing of treatment initiation, indications, modality, relative contraindication, establishment of vascular access, selection of filter/membrane, settings, anti-coagulation, executive department, complication, intake, and output.@*DISCUSSION@#This nationwide survey may contribute to reveal the real world of current BP practice in different ICUs all over China.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR-EOC-17013119; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=22487.

14.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 795-798, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810214

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of excimer laser coronary atherectomy (ELCA) in the interventional treatment of acute coronary syndrome (ACS).@*Methods@#This prospective study enrolled 31 patients with ACS who underwent ELCA treatment in our hospital from November 8, 2016 to December 13, 2017. The efficacy and complications of ELCA were observed, and patients were followed up for postoperative observation of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (including target vessel revascularization, stroke, stent thrombosis, coronary artery bypass grafting, and death).@*Results@#The patients were aged (65.0±10.8) years old and 25 were males (80.6%).There were 5 cases (16.1%) ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, 3 cases (9.7%) non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, and 23 cases (74.2%) unstable angina in this cohort.There were 9 cases (29.0%) in-stent restenosis, 11 cases (35.5%) saphenous vein graft, 2 cases (6.5%) chronic total occlusive disease, and 4 cases (12.9%) calcification.Two patients with chronic complete occlusive disease and 1 patient with calcified lesion were examined by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). The other lesions were not examined with IVUS and optical correlation tomography (OCT).The ELCA success rate was 100% (31/31) and the PCI success rate was 100% (31/31).Intraoperative use of 0.9 mm diameter catheters accounted for 38.7% (12/31), 1.7 mm diameter catheters accounted for 32.3% (10/31), and 1.4 mm diameter catheters accounted for 29.0% (9/31).One patient with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction experienced no reflow of coronary artery during operation. The other 30 patients had no complications such as perforation, small dissection, large dissection, distal occlusion, slow blood flow and collateral occlusion. One cardiac death(3.2%) occurred during the postoperative follow-up of (6.4±1.9) months.@*Conclusion@#Our preliminary study results indicate that the use of ELCA in the interventional therapy of ACS is safe and effective.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689561

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of blocking polypyrimidine complex binding to DNA site by using peptide nucleic acid (PNA) on γ-globin gene expression.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>PYR-PNA, β-PNA and RS-PNA (random sequence-PNA) were designed and synthesized, then were transfected into K562 cells with the cationic liposome lipofectamine 2000 used as vector. The expression of γ-globin gene at both the transcriptional and translational level was detected by RT-PCR and the Western blot respectively at 24 h, 48 h and 72 h after transfection with PNAs.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with RS-PNA and control groups, the expression of γ-globin gene at mRNA and protein levels in PYR-PNA group was significantly up-regulated(P<0.05), especially at 48 h after tranfection, the levels of mRNA and protein in PYR-PNA group were increased by 2.0 and 2.5 times than those in control group, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PYR-PNA can significantly up-regulate the expression of γ-globin gene in K562 cells, this study may provide a new research idea for gene therapy of β-thalassemia.</p>


Subject(s)
DNA , Gene Expression , Humans , Peptide Nucleic Acids , Transfection , gamma-Globins
16.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 141-145, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664568

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effects of chronic corticos-terone injection on anxiety and depression-like behavior of tree shrews, evaluate the predictability of drug and establish a novel animal model of anxious depression .Methods Twelve Chinese and Burma tree shrews were randomly divided into normal group, model group and venlafaxine group .The anxious depres-sion model of tree shrew was established by chronic corticoster-one injection ( ih, 27 mg· kg-1 , 21 d) .The venlafaxine group received intragastric administration (6 mg· kg-1).Autonomous activity score, sugar water preference test and Morris water maze test were used to evaluate the anxiety and depression-like behav-ior of tree shrews .The expressions of CRH , ACTH and COR in the tree shrew plasma were determined by Elisa kit .The con-tents of monoamine neurotransmitters of tree shrews in the hippo-campus , amygdala and prefrontal cortex were detected by HPLC-ECD.Results Compared with the normal group , the autono-mous activity score , sugar water partial eclipse degree and the learning and memory ability significantly decreased (P<0.01), while the contents of CRH , ACTH and COR significantly in-creased ( P<0.05) , and the contents of 5-HT, NE and DA in the hippocampus , amygdala and prefrontal cortex declined in the model group(P<0.05).In the venlafaxine group, the learning and memory abilities of the tree shrews were improved , the lev-els of CRH and COR in plasma were significantly decreased ( P<0.05), and the contents of 5-HT, NE and DA were increased (P<0.05).Conclusions The tree shrews of anxious depres-sion have obvious HPA axis hyperactivity and monoamine neuro-transmitter disorder , and venlafaxine can reverse this phenome-non, indicating that the tree shrews model of anxious depression has drug predictability , which is a kind of novel animal model of anxious depression closer to human in clinic .

17.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 916-922, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815390

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To explore the potential pathogenic mechanism of adrenocortical carcinoma (ACT), and screen out genes that may be related to biological targets. Methods In this study, the gene expression datasets of ACT were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) with the accession number of GSE75415. Through R programming software, the microarray preprocessing and differential expression analysis of 18 ACT tissue samples (experimental group) and 7 normal adrenocortical tissue samples (control group) were conducted to identify potential biomarkers for ACT in different stages. Besides, through functional enrichment and Kaplan-Meier analysis, several more reliable biomarkers for ACT were identified. At the same time, the two generation sequencing data of the TCGA database, including 79 ACT samples were analyzed, and the genes that can affect the survival of ACT patients were screened. Results There were 248, 334, 315 and 561 differentially expressed genes in stage1-4 respectively. There were 73 overlapping genes (OLDEGs) among the different grading samples. Central genes HSPA13, GARS, STXBP1, AKIRIN1 and TUBB3, were up-regulated in all of stages of ACT samples compared with those of normal samples, while, central genes ADH1B, DCN, RASSF2, PDGFRA, PLAT, C3 and FOS were down-regulated in ACT samples. They were found to be significantly associated with pathways of immune response, cell cycle, phosphorylation and cruor, which were all closely related with ACT progression. Besides, Kaplan-Meier analysis of 73 OLDEGs in 79 ACT samples from TCGA database identified several genes, including XPO1, RACGAP1, PDGFD, NR4A2, MXRA5, VPS51, TMED3, NDFIP1 and CDKN1C, which were significantly associated with ACT overall survival. Conclusion Differentially expressed genes and survival related genes in all of stages can serve as new targets for ACT therapy, and which should be helpful for the understanding of its pathogenesis and prognosis.

18.
China Oncology ; (12): 219-226, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510990

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose: The literature on dose-volume parameters and pneumonitis is extensive. The results are inconsistent, both for the best predictive metrics and significant comorbid factors. This study aimed to investigate a prospective functional equivalent uniform dose (fEUD) with perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) images as predictors of radiation pneumonitis (RP) in patients undergoing curative radiotherapy (RT). Methods: Functional lung imaging was performed using SPECT for perfusion imaging. Perfusion factors were defined as the mean percentile perfusion levels of the 4 areas, top to 75%, 75% to 50%, 50% to 25%, 25% to 0%, re-spectively. fEUD was calculated from perfusion factors and standard dose-volume parameters extracted from treatment planning computed tomography (CT) scans. Total lung (TL), ipsilateral (IL) and contralateral lung (CL) volumes minus gross tumor volume (GTV), whole-lung V5, V20, whole lung fEUD, IL and CL fEUD, and general equivalent uniform dose (gEUD) were analyzed to evaluate correlations between RP using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.03. Statistical significance was defined as P<0.05. Results: A total of 15 patients treated with intensity modulated RT or 3D conformal RT were analyzed, grades≥3 RP were observed in 6 patients. There was only a trend toward significance for unilateral (UL) fEUD of higher dose side (P=0.007). Whole-lung V5, V20 were almost identical between patients who developed pneumonitis and patients who did not, as the values were below the recommended thresholds from published papers. Unilateral fEUDs were linear with unilateral gEUDs (t=0.815, P=0.000). Conclusion: SPECT-based equivalent uniform dose appears to be a better predictor of RP compared to stan-dard dose-volume parameters. Planning constraints should aim to keep unilateral fEUD below 21 Gy.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271921

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical significance of peripheral blood NK cell number change in patients with mantle cell lymphoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eight-four patients with mantle cell lymphoma treated in our hospital from November 2003 to November 2011 were studied, the venous blood was collected from all patients and detected with flow cytometry. The age, sex, pathologic type, B-symptoms, clinical stage, absolute NK count(ANKC), hemoglobin(Hb), lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) and β2-microglobulin(β2-MG) levels, bone marrow involuement(BMI) and the international prognostic index of mantle cell lymphoma(MIPI) were recorded. All patients were followed up.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no significant differences in ANKC among different age, sex, B symptom, Ann Arbor stages, Hb, LDH and β2-MG levels, BMI and MIPI of patients with MCL(P>0.05). The sensitivity and specificity of ANKC were 76.6% and 73.8%, respectively. The optimal throshold of ANKC was 0.10×10/L and AUC was 0.798(95% CI: 0.689-0.902)(P<0.01). The 3 year-PFS rate in patients with ANKC≥0.10×10/L was higher than that in patients with ANKC<0.10×10/L(68.2% vs 32.10%)(P<0.01). The 3 year-OS rate in patients with ANKC≥0.10×10/L was significantly higher than that in patients with ANKC<0.10×10/L (85.1% vs 43.8%)(P<0.01). Multivariate analysis showed that the independent predictors of PFS and OS in patients with MCL were ANKC and MIPI(P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The ANKC in peripheral blood has an important value for judging the prognosis of patients with MCL and can be used as an important index to judge the disease status of patients with MCL.</p>

20.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 1663-1667, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663216

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of S 100B, AQP4, and CX43 on the function of the blood brain barrier in the hippocampus of diabetic rats with depression .Methods Rats were divided into the diabetic group [ two weeks of high-fat diet and injection of Streptozotocin (STZ, 38 mg/kg)], depression group(chronic unpredictable stress for 28 days) , the diabetes mellitus with depression group ( combined with the above two methods ) , and the control group .The behavior of rats was evaluated with open-field test and Morris test .The expressions of AQP 4 and CX43 in rat hippocampus blood-brain barrier were detected by immunocytochemistry .Serum S100B level was detected by ELISA.Results Compared with control group, the number of autonomic activity and the space exploration times were decreased, the escape latencies were significantly longer in the Morris water maze test(P<0.05 or P<0.01) of the diabetes group and depression group; Serum S100B levels increased significantly ( P<0.01);the expressions of AQP4 and CX43 were decreased(P<0.01).Compared with diabetic group, the number of auto-nomic activity and the space exploration times were decreased , the escape latencies were significantly longer in the Morris water maze test( P<0.05 or P<0.01) of the diabetes group and depression group;Serum S 100B lev-els increased significantly( P<0.05);the expressions of AQP4 and CX43 were decreased(P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusions S100B, AQP4 and CX43 expression disorder may be one of the mechanisms of diabetes mellitus complicated with depression.

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