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2.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 92-97, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965535

ABSTRACT

Liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) locate on the surface of hepatic sinusoids. As the first line of defense between the liver and blood, LSECs are the most abundant non-parenchymal cells in the liver. Under physiological conditions, LSECs may induce liver immune tolerance through participating in substance transport and metabolic waste removal, thereby maintaining liver homeostasis, and under pathological conditions, LSECs may promote liver immune response via antigen presentation. LSECs have been found to play a crucial regulatory role in maintaining the balance between liver regeneration and liver fibrosis. This article reviews the progress of researches on LSECs functions, LSECs changes in liver injury, signal pathways associated with regulation of LSECs functions, and the interaction between LSECs and other types of cells in the liver, aiming to elucidate the function of LSECs and their roles in liver diseases.

3.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 135-139, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971050

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the application of whole-genome sequencing (WGS) in the rapid clinical diagnosis of critically ill neonates.@*METHODS@#The critically ill neonates who admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of Children's Hospital of Fudan University and underwent WGS from August to September, 2019 were enrolled in this prospective study. The genetic testing results and clinical outcome were analyzed with reference to the sequencing data and clinical features of the neonates.@*RESULTS@#A total of 15 neonates were tested, among whom there were 9 boys and 6 girls. The main reason for hospitalization included abnormal breathing in 7 neonates, poor response in 2 neonates, feeding difficulty in 2 neonates, fever in 1 neonate, hypothermia in 1 neonate, preterm birth in 1 neonate, and convulsion in 1 neonate. The mean turn-around time was 4.5 days for WGS. Finally a genetic diagnosis was obtained for 3 neonates, with a positive diagnostic rate of 20% (3/15). Among the 3 neonates, 2 neonates were withdrawn from the treatment due to severe conditions and 1 neonate died on the day when the sample was sent for genetic testing, whose etiology could be explained by the results of genetic testing.@*CONCLUSIONS@#WGS technique can provide a timely and effective diagnosis for critically ill neonates suspected of genetic diseases and provide genetic evidence for clinical treatment of critically ill cases.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Male , Child , Female , Humans , Critical Illness , Prospective Studies , Premature Birth , Dyspnea , Fever
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1402-1406, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970610

ABSTRACT

Ethnic medicine has a rich history of application. Because of the large number of ethnic groups, wide geographical distribution, and unique medical systems in China, the research on the human use experience(HUE) of ethnic medicine should combine the characteristics of ethnic medicine, be based on practical experience, and respect folk practice and tradition. The clinical positioning of ethnic medicine should consider three factors, i.e., population region, dominant diseases, and clinical demand. We should consider the development of traditional preparations that meet the needs of ethnic regions and encourage the development of new drugs that can be popularized and used nationwide for the dominant diseases of ethnic medicines. Attention should be paid to the problems such as a large number of customary articles or substitutes of ethnic medicinal materials, the phenomena of foreign bodies with the same name and different names for the same substance, the different standards of medicinal materials, and the poor processing standards. The name, processing method, source, medicinal parts, and dosage of ethnic medicinal materials or decoction pieces should be determined, and resources should be carefully evaluated to ensure the safety of medicinal resources and ecology. The preparation of ethnic medicine is mostly in the form of pills, powder, ointment, etc., with simple processing technology. The problems of low-quality stan-dards of some preparations, different prescriptions with the same name, and inconsistent processing technology should be overcome, and the process route and main process parameters should be clarified to lay the foundation for the subsequent empirical research on HUE. In the collection and analysis of the HUE data of ethnic medicine, the core guiding ideology of "patient-centered" should be established, and the experience data of patients should be collected. The problems of weak links existing in the inheritance of ethnic medicine should be solved, and flexible and diverse methods should be adopted. Meanwhile, on the premise of complying with the requirements of the principles of medical ethics, we should respect the religion, culture, and customs of ethnic areas to obtain the key HUE information of ethnic medicine. On the basis of the patient preference information and differences in regional disease epidemiology, population characteristics, and medical practice, whether the HUE conclusions of ethnic medicine can be extrapolated to patients outside the region is evaluated from the aspects of clinical benefits, risk tolerance, risk acceptance, etc. The HUE research on ethnic medicine is carried out in a clear way to guide the research and development of new ethnic medicines.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , China , Reference Standards , Technology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use
5.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 43-47, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969841

ABSTRACT

This study collected epidemic data of COVID-19 in Zhengzhou from January 1 to January 20 in 2022. The epidemiological characteristics of the local epidemic in Zhengzhou High-tech Zone caused by the SARS-CoV-2 Delta variant were analyzed through epidemiological survey and big data analysis, which could provide a scientific basis for the prevention and control of the Delta variant. In detail, a total of 276 close contacts and 599 secondary close contacts were found in this study. The attack rate of close contacts and secondary close contacts was 5.43% (15/276) and 0.17% (1/599), respectively. There were 10 confirmed cases associated with the chain of transmission. Among them, the attack rates in close contacts of the first, second, third, fourth and fifth generation cases were 20.00% (5/25), 17.86% (5/28), 0.72% (1/139) and 14.81% (4/27), 0 (0/57), respectively. The attack rates in close contacts after sharing rooms/beds, having meals, having neighbor contacts, sharing vehicles with the patients, having same space contacts, and having work contacts were 26.67%, 9.10%, 8.33%, 4.55%, 1.43%, and 0 respectively. Collectively, the local epidemic situation in Zhengzhou High-tech Zone has an obvious family cluster. Prevention and control work should focus on decreasing family clusters of cases and community transmission.


Subject(s)
Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Epidemics , Incidence
6.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 240-250, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982490

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To clarify the anti-depressive potential mechanisms of Kaixin Powder (KP), a drug that helps to prevent and treat depression and other mentaldiseases, from genome-wide transcriptome profiling.@*METHODS@#Transcriptome and KEGG pathway analysis were conducted on the hippocampus of depressed rats, then the differentially expressed genes were validated and serum concentration of lipid parameters were identified by enzymatic assays. Furthermore, high-fat diets induced depression-like behaviors in Syrian golden hamsters were conducted to verify the predicted molecular mechanisms acquired from the transcriptome analysis.@*RESULTS@#Transcriptome results revealed that the 24 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in chronic mild stress (CMS) rats could be reversed after two weeks of KP treatment. The mechanisms of KP in treating depression firstly involved the regulation of several pathology modules, including lipid metabolism, synapse function and inflammation. KP could regulate imbalances of lipid homeostasis in high-fat diet induced depressive symptoms. Furthermore, it was validated that cholesterol metabolism dysfunction can be ameliorated by KP, which was correlated with upregulation of the AdipoR1-BDNF (brain-derived neurotrophic factor) co-regulatory pathway.@*CONCLUSION@#Taken together, our results demonstrated that KP not only alleviates depression via traditional mental illness targets, but it may also simulates the cholesterol metabolism and adiponectin signaling with multi-target characteristics.

7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1876-1884, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981406

ABSTRACT

To study the effects of different drying methods on the quality of male flowers of Eucommia ulmoides(MFOEU), we treated fresh MFOEU samples with drying in the shade(DS), vacuum freeze drying(VFD), high-or low-temperature hot air drying(HTHAD, LTHAD), microwave drying(MD), and vacuum drying(VD), respectively. The color, total flavonoid content, total polysaccharide content, and main active components such as geniposide, geniposidic acid, rutin, chlorogenic acid, galuteolin, pinoresinol diglucoside, and aucubin in MFOEU were taken as the evaluation indicators. The quality of MFOEU was comprehensively evaluated by entropy weight method combined with color index method, partial least squares discriminant analysis and content clustering heat map. The experimental results showed that VFD and DS basically kept the original color of MFOEU. The MFOEU treated with MD had higher content of total polysaccharides, phenylpropanoids, lignans, and iridoids. The MFOEU treated with LTHAD had higher content of total flavonoids and that treated with VD had lower content of active components. According to the results of comprehensive evaluation, the quality of MFOEU dried with different methods followed the order of MD>HTHAD>VFD>LTHAD>DS>VD. Considering the color of MFOEU, the suitable drying methods were DS and VFD. Considering the color, active components, and economic benefits of MFOEU, MD was the suitable drying method. The results of this study are of a reference value for the determination of suitable methods for MFOEU processing in the producing areas.


Subject(s)
Eucommiaceae/chemistry , Flowers/chemistry , Flavonoids/analysis , Rutin/analysis , Chlorogenic Acid/analysis
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1824-1832, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981400

ABSTRACT

This study aims to develop the pre-column derivatization high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) method for the determination of 16 kinds of amino acids in Eucommia ulmoides leaves, and compare the content of amino acids in the leaves harvested at different time and under leaf-oriented cultivation mode(LCM) and arbor forest mode(AFM). The HPLC conditions are as below: phenyl isothiocyanate(PITC) as pre-column derivatization agent, Agilent ZORBAX C_(18 )column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm), mobile phase A of acetonitrile-water(80∶20), mobile phase B of 0.1 mol·L~(-1) sodium acetate solution-acetonitrile(94∶6), gradient elution, flow rate of 1.0 mL·min~(-1), injection volume of 5 μL, column temperature of 40 ℃, and detection wavelength of 254 nm. The HPLC profile indicated well separation of 16 kinds of amino acids and the amino acid content in E. ulmoides leaves was up to 16.26%. In addition, the amino acid content in leaves of E. ulmoides under LCM was higher than under AFM. The amino acid content varied with the harvesting time. Through orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis, the amino acids of E. ulmoides under LCM and AFM were compared, which can distinguish the leaves under LCM from those under AFM. Principal component analysis was applied to comprehensively score the amino acids of E. ulmoides leaves. The results showed that the score of leaves under LCM was higher than that under AFM. Nutritional evaluation results indicated that the proteins in E. ulmoides leaves belonged to high-quality vegetable proteins. The established method for the determination of amino acid content is reliable. With the amino acid content as index, the leaf quality of E. ulmoides under LCM is better than that under AFM. This study lays a theoretical basis for the promotion of LCM for E. ulmoides and the development of medicinal and edible products from E. ulmoides leaves.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids/metabolism , Eucommiaceae/chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Plant Leaves/chemistry
9.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 119-126, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971326

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study effects of Shenmai Injection on hypertensive heart failure and its mechanism for inhibiting myocardial fibrosis.@*METHODS@#Salt-sensitive (Dahl/SS) rats were fed with normal diet (0.3% NaCl) and the high-salt diet (8% NaCl) to observe the changes in blood pressure and heart function, as the control group and the model group. Salt-insensitive rats (SS-13BN) were fed with the high-salt diet (8% NaCl) as the negative control group. After modeling, the model rats were randomly divided into heart failure (HF) group, Shenmai Injection (SMI) group and pirfenidone (PFD) group by a random number table, with 6 rats in each group. They were given sterilized water, SMI and pirfenidone, respectively. Blood pressure, cardiac function, fibrosis and related molecular expression were detected by sphygmomanometer, echocardiogram, enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), hematoxylin-eosin staining, Masson staining, immunofluorescence and qPCR analysis.@*RESULTS@#After high-salt feeding, compared with the control and negative control group, in the model group the blood pressure increased significantly, the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left ventricular fraction shortening (LVFS) were significantly reduced, and the serum NT-proBNP concentration increased significantly (all P<0.05); furthermore, the arrangement of myocardial cells was disordered, the edema was severe, and the degree of myocardial fibrosis was also significantly increased (P<0.05); the protein and mRNA expressions of collagen type I (Col I) were up-regulated (P<0.05), and the mRNA expressions of transforming growth factor β 1 (TGF- β 1), Smad2 and Smad3 were significantly up-regulated (P<0.05). Compared with HF group, after intervention of Shenmai Injection, LVEF and LVFS increased, myocardial morphology was improved, collagen volume fraction decreased significantly (P<0.05), and the mRNA expressions of Col I, TGF- β 1, Smad2 and Smad3, as well as Col I protein expression, were all significantly down-regulated (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Myocardial fibrosis is the main pathological manifestation of hypertensive heart failure, and Shenmai Injection could inhibit myocardial fibrosis and effectively improve heart failure by regulating TGF-β 1/Smad signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Stroke Volume , Sodium Chloride , Rats, Inbred Dahl , Ventricular Function, Left , Heart Failure , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism , Hypertension , Fibrosis , RNA, Messenger
10.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 502-508, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995317

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the role and mechanism of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) in apolipoprotein B mRNA editing enzyme catalytic polypeptide-like 3B (APOBEC3B)-mediated inhibition of hepatitis B virus(HBV) replication.Methods:The interaction between HSP70 and APOBEC3B was analyzed by co-immunopreciptation (Co-IP) and GST pull-down. After treating Huh7 cells with siHSP70 or HSP70 inhibitor VER155008 or overexpressing HSP70 in Huh7 cells, changes in the antiviral effect of APOBEC3B were detected by Southern blot and real-time PCR; the deaminase activity of APOBEC3B was tested by differential DNA denaturation PCR(3D-PCR) and clone sequencing.Results:HSP70 could bind to APOBEC3B. Overexpression of HSP70 promoted the deaminase activity and anti-HBV activity of APOBEC3B. On the contrary, knockdown of HSP70 or using HSP70 inhibitor VER155008 would attenuate the deaminase activity and anti-HBV activity of APOBEC3B.Conclusions:HSP70 could promote the anti-HBV activity of APOBEC3B by enhancing the deaminase activity of APOBEC3B.

11.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 169-175, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928583

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To systematically evaluate the effect of prophylactic use of hydrolyzed protein formula on gastrointestinal diseases and physical development in preterm infants.@*METHODS@#A computerized search was performed in the databases including China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data, Weipu, PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library to identify randomized controlled trials of the effect of prophylactic use of hydrolyzed protein formula on gastrointestinal diseases and physical growth in preterm infants. RevMan 5.3 software was used to perform a Meta analysis for the included studies.@*RESULTS@#A total of 7 randomized controlled studies were included. The results of Meta analysis showed that compared with the whole protein formula, the prophylactic use of hydrolyzed protein formula could reduce the risk of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (RR=0.40, P=0.04) and feeding intolerance (RR=0.40, P=0.005), and had no significant effect on the growth of weight, length and head circumference (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with the whole protein formula, the prophylactic use of hydrolyzed protein formula in preterm infants may reduce the occurrence of necrotizing enterocolitis and feeding intolerance, and can meet the nutrient requirement of physical development. However, the evidence is limited, and the results of this study cannot support the routine prophylactic use of hydrolyzed protein formula in preterm infants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/prevention & control , Gastrointestinal Diseases/prevention & control , Infant Formula/chemistry , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Infant, Premature , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
12.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 208-212, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927867

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the influence of recombinant bovine basic fibroblast growth factor as an adjuvant therapy on scar alleviation and inflammatory cytokines in patients with atrophic acne scar. Methods The random number table was employed to randomly assign 120 patients with atrophic acne scar into a test group and a control group.Both groups of patients were treated with CO2 lattice laser.After the operation,the control group was routinely smeared with erythromycin ointment and the test group was coated with recombinant bovine basic fibroblast growth factor gel.The clinical efficacy,clinical indicators,scar alleviation,and inflammatory cytokine levels before and after treatment were compared,and adverse reactions were counted. Results The test group had higher total effective rate(P=0.040) and lower total incidence of adverse reactions(P=0.028) than the control group.Compared with the control group,the test group showcased short erythema duration after treatment(P=0.025),early scab forming(P=0.002),and early edema regression(P<0.001).After treatment,the proportion of grade 1 scars graded by Goodman and Baron's acne scar grading system in the test group and control group increased(P=0.001,P=0.027),and the proportion of grade 4 scars decreased(P<0.001,P=0.034).Moreover,the proportion of grade 1 scars in the test group was higher than that in the control group(P=0.031) after treatment,and the proportion of grade 4 scars presented an opposite trend(P=0.031).After treatment,the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin-1β(IL-1β) in both groups declined(all P<0.001),and the test group had lower TNF-α and IL-1β levels than the control group(all P<0.001). Conclusion The recombinant bovine basic fibroblast growth factor gel as an adjuvant therapy of CO2 lattice laser can effectively alleviate the atrophic acne scar,relieve local inflammatory reaction,and has good curative effect and less adverse reactions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Humans , Acne Vulgaris/drug therapy , Atrophy/complications , Carbon Dioxide , Cicatrix/pathology , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
13.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 434-438, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955273

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the differences of hemolysis between OA and OB blood type in ABO hemolytic disease of the newborn (ABO-HDN), to study the clinical features of ABO hemolytic disease in different type.Methods:From January 2015 to June 2020, full-term ABO-HDN neonates born to blood type O mothers admitted to our hospital were enrolled in this retrospective study. The neonates were assigned into OA group and OB group. SPSS 25.0 software were used to analyze the clinical data.Results:A total of 755 cases were enrolled, including 364 cases of OA group and 391 cases of OB group. On hour-specific bilirubin nomogram, no significant differences existed in high intermediate risk zone between the two groups ( P>0.05). In the low risk zone and the low intermediate risk zone, the proportion of newborns in OA group was higher than the OB group ( P<0.05). In the high risk zone, the proportion of newborns in the OB group was higher than the OA group ( P<0.05). The age of admission of the OB group was younger than the OA group ( P<0.05). The incidences of immunoglobulin usage and blood transfusion in the OB group were higher than the OA group ( P<0.05). No significant differences existed between the two groups in Coombs? test, antibody elution test, free antibody test, platelet count, reticulocyte percentage, the onset time of jaundice, the median serum total bilirubin level, the average hemoglobin level and the incidence of anemia on admission ( P>0.05). No significant differences existed in the incidence of exchange transfusion, the duration of phototherapy and hospitalization between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Compared with OA incompatibility, newborns with OB incompatibility have higher incidences of hyperbilirubinemia, blood transfusion and younger age of admission. However, the two groups have similar rate of exchange transfusion and phototherapy and hospitalization duration.

14.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 531-538, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943030

ABSTRACT

Objective: To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of total neoadjuvant therapy (TNT) in the comprehensive treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer. Methods: Literatures were screened from PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, CBM, Wanfang Data, VIP and CNKI from the inception date to May 2021 to collect the randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) of TNT followed by total mesorectal excision (TME) versus neoadjuvant chemotherapy (nCRT) followed by TME in the treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer. The data of overall survival, disease-free survival, R0 radical resection rate, pathological complete response (pCR) rate, T downstaging rate, the incidence of adverse events ≥ grade III, including neutropenia, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, radiation dermatitis and nervous system toxicity, and the morbidity of complications within postoperative 30 days of the two groups were extracted from the included literatures. Review Manager 5.3 software was utilized for statistical meta-analysis. Results: Nine RCTs were finally enrolled including 2430 patients. Meta-analysis results showed that compared with nCRT group, patients in TNT group had longer overall survival (HR=0.80, 95%CI: 0.65-0.97, P=0.03) and higher pCR rate (RR=1.73, 95%CI: 1.44-2.08, P<0.01) with significant differences. Besides, there were no significant differences between two groups in disease-free survival (HR=0.86, 95%CI:0.71-1.05, P=0.14), R0 radical resection rate (RR=1.02, 95%CI: 0.99-1.06, P=0.17) and T downstaging rate (RR=1.04, 95%CI: 0.89-1.22, P=0.58) between two groups. In terms of treatment safety, the incidence of adverse events ≥ grade III (RR=1.09, 95%CI: 0.70-1.70, P=0.70) and morbidity of complications within postoperative 30 days (RR=1.07, 95%CI: 0.97-1.18, P=0.19) did not significantly differ between two groups. Conclusions: In the treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer, TNT may bring more survival benefits than nCRT and does not increase the incidence of adverse events and postoperative complications. Therefore, TNT could be used as a recommended treatment for patients with locally advanced rectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Chemoradiotherapy/methods , Disease-Free Survival , Neoadjuvant Therapy/methods , Neoplasm Staging , Neoplasms, Second Primary/pathology , Rectal Neoplasms/therapy , Rectum/pathology , Treatment Outcome
15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 233-239, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940714

ABSTRACT

Chronic heart failure is a serious heart disease with dyspnea and limited activity tolerance as the main clinical manifestations. Autophagy is a self-protection mechanism in eukaryotic cells and plays an important role in the development of heart failure. Appropriately increasing the level of autophagy during the compensated stage of heart failure and timely removal of necrotic myocardial organelles and other harmful garbage can inhibit myocardial hypertrophy to a certain extent,alleviate myocardial remodeling,and delay heart failure. The theory of healthy Qi and pathogenic Qi is an important basic theory for explaining the occurrence of diseases,and struggle between healthy Qi and pathogenic Qi exists in the entire onset of chronic heart failure,which may lead to pathogenic Qi invasion and healthy Qi deficiency. The regulatory effect of autophagy on cardiomyocytes is similar to the theory of healthy Qi and pathogenic Qi in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Autophagy is the body's self-regulatory mechanism for healthy Qi and pathogenic Qi in a dose-effect manner,Specifically,autophagy can only protect the body's cells to a certain extent,and healthy Qi can only take effect within a certain range and degree. To protect the body from external pathogenic factors,excessive or insufficient autophagy may destroy the stability of the body's environment. In this regard,we use the theory of healthy Qi and pathogenic Qi as a starting point to clarify the function of autophagy in the development of chronic heart failure from a macro and micro perspective,and propose adjusting the balance of healthy Qi and pathogenic Qi in the body to regulate the autophagy of cardiomyocytes. The principle of prevention and treatment is expected to lay the foundation for modern research on the function of autophagy in the development of chronic heart failure in TCM,find novel therapy for chronic heart failure at different stages,and provide new insights into the diagnosis and treatment of chronic heart failure.

16.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 219-226, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940503

ABSTRACT

Inflammation is the key pathogenic feature of heart failure (HF), and its overexpression can cause myocardial hypertrophy, apoptosis and fibrosis, aggravating the process of HF. Macrophages are important immune cells in human body with high heterogeneity, which involve in inflammation response and maintain heart homeostasis. Macrophage polarization is a dynamic process. Under the stimulation of different microenvironment, it can polarize two subsets, including classically activated M1 type and alternatively activated M2 type, which are antagonistic to each other. When macrophages polarize into the pro-inflammatory phenotype (M1), the inflammatory response is initiated, the anti-inflammatory phenotype (M2) plays a role in inhibiting inflammation and repairing tissue. At the same time, in different stages of development of HF, M1 and M2 macrophages can be transformed into each other, which is similar to the connotation of Yin-yang restriction, balance and transformation of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory. Based on this, this paper intends to clarify the relationship between M1 and M2 macrophages by Yin-yang theory, proposing that the clinical prevention and treatment of HF should pay attention to regulating micro and macro inflammatory responses, regulating macrophage polarization, and achieving the balance between anti-inflammatory and pro-inflammation, which is consistent with the balance of Yin-yang in TCM theory. It can provide a new target and direction for TCM treatment of HF.

17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 117-124, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940360

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the pathological process and changes of metabolites in myocardial tissue of heart failure induced by transverse aortic constriction (TAC) in rats. MethodRats were treated with TAC operation and divided into TAC-30 d group and TAC-60 d group, and sham operation group at the same period was set up as control. Echocardiography and pathological staining of myocardial tissue were performed on rats in each group. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to determine the expression of amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in serum. Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry was used to observe the changes of metabolites and related pathways in myocardial tissue, the mobile phase consisted of 25 mmol·L-1 ammonium acetate and 25 mmol·L-1 ammonia hydroxide in water (A) and acetonitrile (B) for gradient elution (0-0.5 min, 95%B; 0.5-7 min, 95%-65%B; 7-8 min, 65%-40%B; 8-9 min, 40%B; 9-9.1 min, 40%-95%B; 9.1-12 min, 95%B), electrospray ionization was used under positive and negative ion detection modes, acquisition range was m/z 70-1 050. ResultCompared with the sham-30 d group, the left ventricular internal diameter at end-systole (LVIDs) in TAC-30 d group was significantly decreased (P<0.01), and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), fraction shortening (FS), left ventricular end-diastolic posterior wall thickness (LVPWd), left vebtricular end-systolic posterior wall thickness (LVPWs) were significantly increased (P<0.01), there were cardiomyocyte arrangement disorder, edema, collagen fibre hyperplasia, the content of NT-probNP was significantly increased, while the content of ATP was significantly decreased (P<0.01), and 15 metabolites with abnormal expression were involved in pyrimidine metabolic pathway, pantothenic acid and coenzyme A biosynthesis pathway. Compared with the sham-60 d group, LVEF and FS in the TAC-60 d group were significantly decreased (P<0.01), and left ventricular internal diameter at end-diastole (LVIDd), LVIDs and LVPWd were increased (P<0.05, P<0.01), the edema of myocardial cells increased obviously, myocardium fibers degenerated, coagulation necrosis appeared, and a large amount of collagen fibers were deposited, the expression of NT-proBNP increased and the expression of ATP decreased (P<0.01), there were 21 metabolites with abnormal expression, involving pyrimidine metabolic pathway, and starch and sucrose metabolic pathway. ConclusionAt 30 d after TAC, there are myocardial hypertrophy, lipid metabolism disorder, pyrimidine metabolism disorder and energy imbalance. At 60 d after TAC, there are heart failure, aggravation of lipid metabolism disorder, excessive activation of glucose metabolism, and continuous disorder of pyrimidine metabolism.

18.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 801-807, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991106

ABSTRACT

The catalytic generation of H2 in living cells provides a method for antioxidant therapy.In this study,an[FeFe]-hydrogenase mimic[Ru+Fe2S2@F127(80)]was synthesized by self-assembling polymeric plur-onic F-127,catalytic[Fe2S2]sites,and photosensitizer Ru(bpy)32+.Under blue light irradiation,hydrated protons were photochemically reduced to H2,which increased the local pH in living cells(HeLa cells).The generated H2 was subsequently used as an antioxidant to decrease reactive oxygen species(ROS)levels in living cells(HEK 293T,HepG2,MCF-7,and HeLa cells).Our findings revealed that the proliferation of HEK 293T cells increased by a factor of about six times,relative to that of other cells(HepG2,MCF-7,and HeLa cells).Intracellular ROS and pH levels were then monitored using fluorescent cell imaging.Our study showed that cell imaging can be used to evaluate the ability of Ru+Fe2S2@F127 to eliminate oxidative stress and prevent ROS-related diseases.

19.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 182-198, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913842

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The role of vacuolar protein sorting 34 (Vps34), an indispensable protein required for cell vesicular trafficking, in the biological behavior of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has yet to be studied. @*Materials and Methods@#In the present study, the expression of Vps34 in HCC and the effect of Vps34 on HCC cell invasion was detected both in vivo and in vitro. Furthermore, by modulating the RILP and Rab11, which regulate juxtanuclear lysosome aggregation and recycling endosome respectively, the underlying mechanism was investigated. @*Results@#Vps34 was significantly decreased in HCC and negatively correlated with the HCC invasiveness both in vivo and in vitro. Moreover, Vps34 could promote lysosomal juxtanuclear accumulation, reduce the invasive ability of HCC cells via the Rab7-RILP pathway. In addition, the deficiency of Vps34 in HCC cells affected the endosome-lysosome system, resulting in enhanced Rab11 mediated endocytic recycling of cell surface receptor and increased invasion of HCC cells. @*Conclusion@#Our study reveals that Vps34 acts as an invasion suppressor in HCC cells, and more importantly, the endosome-lysosome trafficking regulated by Vps34 has the potential to become a target pathway in HCC treatment.

20.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 954-958, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922554

ABSTRACT

Rice, wheat, corn, and potatoes are four crops that provide a daily source of nutrition for humans, but there are many problems that have been found with these crops. First, they lack amino acids and minerals which are necessary for balanced nutrition, and they also are grown very widely and as monocultures, which increases the risk of the human food system being destroyed by climate change. Thus, by introducing coarse cereals with good characteristics, we can enrich human food resources, realize agricultural diversification, improve dietary structure, and mitigate risks. Tartary buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum) is a widely cultivated edible and medicinal crop with unique nutritional and excellent economic value. It contains flavonoids, such as rutin and quercetin, which are not found in cereal crops. Rutin is a major flavonoid that can enhance blood flow and aid in the use of vitamin C and the production of collagen. In addition, such antioxidants have been shown to effectively reduce cholesterol levels, blood clots, and hypertension, particularly for the prevention of inflammatory liver injury (Middleton et al., 2000; Lee et al., 2013; Suzuki et al., 2014; Huang et al., 2016; Nishimura et al., 2016). Meanwhile, Tartary buckwheat can tolerate poor climate and acidic soils containing high amounts of aluminum, which is toxic to other crops (Wang et al., 2015). The self-pollination of Tartary buckwheat has resulted in a decrease in genomic heterozygosity, which is valuable for breeding and a stable production trait (Wang and Campbell, 2007). Therefore, Tartary buckwheat is an important minor crop, which is expected to become the target of many breeding efforts in the future.

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