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1.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 489-494, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986158

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the role of transient elastography technology in the assessment of disease staging and treatment in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Methods: Patients who were clinically diagnosed with chronic HBV infection at Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital from January 2018 to December 2021 was collected. Liver stiffness measurement (LSM) examination was performed more than once by transient elastography. The count data were expressed as cases (%) and the χ (2) test was made. Fisher's exact test was used with theoretical frequency less than 5. The measurement data between two groups was compared by t-test. Multiple groups were compared with an analysis of variance. Results: 1 055 patients were included in this study, including 669 (63.4%) males and 386 (36.6%) females. 757 (71.8%) patients were untreated. Among the untreated patients, the LSM value in the immune clearance (10.2 ± 3.8) kPa (187 cases, 40.4%), and the reactivation stages (9.1 ± 3.4) kPa (114 cases, 24.6%) was significantly higher than that in the immune tolerance (8.7 ± 3.6) kPa (78 cases, 16.8%) and immune control stages (8.4 ± 3.5) KPa (84 cases, 18.1%), and the difference between the four groups was statistically significant (F = 5.31 and P = 0.03). With ALT (male: 30 U/L, female: 19 U/L) as defined the normal value, the LSM value in the immune tolerance and the immune control stages were (5.8 ± 0.9) kPa and (7.1 ± 2.5) kPa, respectively, which were significantly lower than those of patients in the immune tolerance and immune control stages, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.01). There were 294 (38.8%) patients with uncertain period, excluding patients with fatty liver. Patients with uncertain periods were divided into four gray zone (GZ) groups: immune tolerance stage: LSM (5.1 ± 1.3) kPa was significantly lower than GZ-A (6.5 ± 2.4) kPa, t = 2.06, P = 0.03, and the difference was statistically significant; immune control stage: LSM was (5.6 ± 1.5) kPa, which was also lower than GZ-C (6.8 ± 1.3) kPa, t = 3.08, P = 0.02, and the difference was statistically significant; immune clearance stage: LSM > 8.0 kPa. LSM values showed a year-by-year reduction in patients with expanded indications who started antiviral treatment and were followed up for three years. Conclusion: The LSM value is significantly lower after the decrease of the defined high-normal ALT value in patients with the immune tolerance and immune control stages of chronic HBV infection. The LSM values of GZ-A and GZ-C in the uncertain periods of chronic HBV infection are higher than those of patients in the immune tolerance and immune control stages.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Liver Cirrhosis/pathology , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Liver/pathology
2.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1014-1020, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009177

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the therapeutic effect of multiple small diameter drilling combined with extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) under C-arm X-raylocalization in patients with early osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH).@*METHODS@#A total of 106 cases of early ONFH patients admitted from May 2015 to May 2017 were retrospectively selected as the study subjects. According to different treatment methods, the patients were divided into observation group and control group, 53 cases in each group. The observation group was treated with multiple small-diameter drilling combined with ESWT under C-arm positioning in the observation group, including 41 males and 12 females with an age of (45.85±6.01) years old (22 to 70 years old);and the control group was treated with ESWT, including 34 males and 19 females with an age of (45.12±5.83) years old(20 to 68 years old) in the control group. The modified Harris hip scores(mHHS), visual analog scale(VAS), hip flexion range, hip abduction and adduction range, ONFH area ratio and clinical efficacy were compared between twe groups before and after treatment. Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw a survival curve to compare the femoral head survival rate between two groups during the 3-year follow-up period after treatment.@*RESULTS@#There were no complications such as poor wound healing and infection. All of 106 patients were followed up for 28 to 36 months with an average of (31.06±4.28) months. MHHS score, hip flexion range and hip abduction and adduction range in the observation group were increased from (63.85±5.42) scores, (23.79±2.21) °, (32.40±4.19) ° before treatment to (85.51±5.69) scores, (34.65±2.73)°, (43.32±5.71)° at 2 years after treatment, respectively(P<0.05). The above indicators in the control group increased from (64.73±5.64)°, (23.82±2.18)°, (32.45±4.13)° before treatment to (81.65±5.48) scores, (32.79±2.87)°, (39.75±5.68)°at two years after treatment, respectively(P<0.05). VAS score and ONFH area ratio in the observation group decreased from (5.76±1.41) scores and (35.07±4.96)% before treatment to (3.39±1.02) scores and (22.04±3.23)% at 2 years after treatment, respectively(P<0.05). The above indicatiors in control group decreased from (5.73±1.45) scores and (35.24±5.18)% before treatment to (4.43±1.21) scores and (28.32±3.76)% at 2 years after treatment, respectively(P<0.05), and the improvement in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group(P<0.05). At 3 years after treatment, the femoral head survival rate in the observation group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Multiple small diameter drilling combined with ESWT under C-arm positioning can significantly improve the clinical symptoms of patients with early ONFH, relieve pain and improve clinical efficacy.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Aged , Femur Head , Retrospective Studies , Femur Head Necrosis/diagnosis , Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy/methods , Treatment Outcome
3.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2448-2453, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998313

ABSTRACT

Previous studies have shown that hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection in pregnancy can cause liver failure and adverse pregnancy outcomes such as miscarriage, stillbirth, and vertical transmission, especially in countries where HEV genotypes 1 and 2 are prevalent. In recent years, HEV infection in China is sporadic and is mainly caused by HEV genotype 4, and although studies have shown that most pregnant women with HEV infection in China have no signfinicant clinical symptoms, there is still a high incidence rate of adverse pregnancy outcomes. This article reviews the recent studies on HEV infection in pregnancy, including the advances in pathogenesis, epidemiology, prognosis, mechanism of severe exacerbation, treatment, and prognosis, and puts forward recommendations for the screening and evaluation of HEV infection in pregnancy.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2176-2187, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982833

ABSTRACT

Intelligent responsive drug delivery system opens up new avenues for realizing safer and more effective combination immunotherapy. Herein, a kind of tumor cascade-targeted responsive liposome (NLG919@Lip-pep1) is developed by conjugating polypeptide inhibitor of PD-1 signal pathway (AUNP-12), which is also a targeted peptide that conjugated with liposome carrier through matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) cleavable peptide (GPLGVRGD). This targeted liposome is prepared through a mature preparation process, and indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) inhibitor NLG919 was encapsulated into it. Moreover, mediated by the enhanced permeability and retention effect (EPR effect) and AUNP-12, NLG919@Lip-pep1 first targets the cells that highly express PD-L1 in tumor tissues. At the same time, the over-expressed MMP-2 in the tumor site triggers the dissociation of AUNP-12, thus realizing the precise block of PD-1 signal pathway, and restoring the activity of T cells. The exposure of secondary targeting module II VRGDC-NLG919@Lip mediated tumor cells targeting, and further relieved the immunosuppressive microenvironment. Overall, this study offers a potentially appealing paradigm of a high efficiency, low toxicity, and simple intelligent responsive drug delivery system for targeted drug delivery in breast cancer, which can effectively rescue and activate the body's anti-tumor immune response and furthermore achieve effective treatment of metastatic breast cancer.

5.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 898-909, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014609

ABSTRACT

Antibody drug conjugations (ADCs) are a new class of drugs with both targeted specificity and high activity of chemotherapy drugs, which has gradually become a novel generation of therapeutic models with great clinical application prospects. In recent years, ADCs composed of monoclonal antibodies against different tumor cell surface antigens and small molecule potent cytotoxic drugs have shown superior therapeutic effects on recurrent / metastatic breast cancer. This article reviews the clinical application and research progress of ADCs with different molecular targets in the field of breast cancer.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3876-3891, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011149

ABSTRACT

Protein corona (PC) has been identified to impede the transportation of intravenously injected nanoparticles (NPs) from blood circulation to their targeted sites. However, how intestinal PC (IPC) affects the delivery of orally administered NPs are still needed to be elucidated. Here, we found that IPC exerted "positive effect" or "negative effect" depending on different pathological conditions in the gastrointestinal tract. We prepared polystyrene nanoparticles (PS) adsorbed with different IPC derived from the intestinal tract of healthy, diabetic, and colitis rats (H-IPC@PS, D-IPC@PS, C-IPC@PS). Proteomics analysis revealed that, compared with healthy IPC, the two disease-specific IPC consisted of a higher proportion of proteins that were closely correlated with transepithelial transport across the intestine. Consequently, both D-IPC@PS and C-IPC@PS mainly exploited the recycling endosome and ER-Golgi mediated secretory routes for intracellular trafficking, which increased the transcytosis from the epithelium. Together, disease-specific IPC endowed NPs with higher intestinal absorption. D-IPC@PS posed "positive effect" on intestinal absorption into blood circulation for diabetic therapy. Conversely, C-IPC@PS had "negative effect" on colitis treatment because of unfavorable absorption in the intestine before arriving colon. These results imply that different or even opposite strategies to modulate the disease-specific IPC need to be adopted for oral nanomedicine in the treatment of variable diseases.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3471-3488, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011111

ABSTRACT

As known, the benefits of photothermal therapy (PTT) are greatly limited by the heat tolerance of cancer cells resulting from overexpressed heat shock proteins (HSPs). Then HSPs further trigger the formation of stress granules (SGs) that regulate protein expression and cell viability under various stress conditions. Inhibition of SG formation can sensitize tumor cells to PTT. Herein, we developed PEGylated pH (low) insertion peptide (PEG-pHLIP)-modified hollow copper sulfide nanoparticles (HCuS NPs) encapsulating the SG inhibitor ISRIB, with the phase-change material lauric acid (LA) as a gate-keeper, to construct a pH-driven and NIR photo-responsive controlled smart drug delivery system (IL@H-PP). The nanomedicine could specifically target slightly acidic tumor sites. Upon irradiation, IL@H-PP realized PTT, and the light-controlled release of ISRIB could effectively inhibit the formation of PTT-induced SG to sensitize tumor cells to PTT, thereby increasing the antitumor effect and inducing potent immunogenic cell death (ICD). Moreover, IL@H-PP could promote the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), repolarizing them towards the M1 phenotype and remodeling the immunosuppressive microenvironment. In vitro/vivo results revealed the potential of PTT combined with SG inhibitors, which provides a new paradigm for antitumor and anti-metastases.

8.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 131-135, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959066

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the rare genotypes and mutation frequency of thalassemia in Laibin area of Guangxi , to intervene the birth of children with moderate or severe thalassemia, and to better guide the genetic diagnosis and prenatal diagnosis. Methods A total of 282 patients of hematological phenotypes inconsistent with genotypes in Laibin City (four counties, one city and one district) were tested for rare genotypes. Results A total of 50 cases were found to carry rare thalassemia gene mutations, including 23 cases of β-globin gene mutation containing 9 types of mutations, and 27 cases of α-globin gene mutation containing 7 types of mutations. There were 4 homotypic thalassemia couples with one party carrying rare thalassemia gene mutation. After prenatal diagnosis, one case was found to be a rare mutation carrier , two cases to be a double heterozygote, and one case to be a common mutation carrier. Conclusion The data of thalassemia genotype spectrum in Laibin , Guangxi. It is suggested that when the hematological phenotype is not consistent with the genotype , it should be detected by other molecular techniques to avoid the birth of children with moderate or severe thalassemia, which is also helpful for clinical diagnosis and treatment guidance, population screening and genetic counseling.

9.
Journal of Clinical Neurology ; : 242-250, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976855

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose The relationships among interleukin (IL)-10 levels, anxiety, and cognitive status after stroke remain controversial. We aimed to determine the associations of serum IL-10 levels with poststroke anxiety (PSA) and poststroke cognitive impairment (PSCI). @*Methods@#We recruited 350 patients with stroke, of whom only 151 completed a 1-month follow-up assessment. The Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) were used to assess the cognitive status and anxiety, respectively. Serum IL-10 levels were measured within 24 hours of admission. @*Results@#IL-10 levels were significantly lower in the PSA group than in the non-PSA group, and they were negatively associated with HAMA scores (r=-0.371, p<0.001). After adjusting for all potential confounders, IL-10 levels remained an independent predictor of PSA (odds ratio=0.471, 95% confidence interval=0.237–0.936, p=0.032). IL-10 levels were strongly correlated with behavior during interviews, psychic anxiety, and somatic anxiety. Patients without PSCI had higher IL-10 levels were higher in non-PSCI patients than in PSCI patients, and they were positively associated with MMSE scores in the bivariate correlation analysis (r=0.169, p=0.038), and also with memory capacity, naming ability, and copying capacity.However, IL-10 did not predict PSCI in the univariable or multivariable logistic regression. @*Conclusions@#Low IL-10 levels were associated with increased risks of PSA and PSCI at a 1-month follow-up after stroke. Serum IL-10 levels may therefore be helpful in predicting PSA.

10.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 424-431, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964809

ABSTRACT

Liver cirrhosis is a common chronic liver disease in clinical practice, and the main causes of this disease include virus, alcohol, and immunity. Patients may experience a variety of complications in the late stage of liver cirrhosis, including upper gastrointestinal bleeding, hepatic encephalopathy, hepatorenal syndrome, and liver cancer, among which upper gastrointestinal bleeding is the main cause of death, and therefore, the control and prevention of upper gastrointestinal bleeding caused by liver cirrhosis is the key to reducing mortality rate and prolonging survival time. This article summarizes the commonly used minimally invasive methods for the treatment of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in liver cirrhosis and analyzes the indications for different treatment methods and related advances, so as to provide a reference for clinicians to choose the most suitable treatment regimen for the patient, thereby improving the survival rate of patients.

11.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 418-430, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981070

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The mode of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission via injection drug use (IDU) still exists, and the recent shift in IDU-related transmission of HIV infection is largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to analyze the spatiotemporal sources and dynamics of HIV-1 transmission through IDU in Guangxi.@*METHODS@#We performed a molecular epidemiological investigation of infections across Guangxi from 2009 to 2019. Phylogenetic and Bayesian time-geographic analyses of HIV-1 sequences were performed to confirm the characteristics of transmission between IDUs in combination with epidemiological data.@*RESULTS@#Among the 535 subjects, CRF08_BC (57.4%), CRF01_AE (28.4%), and CRF07_BC (10.7%) were the top 3 HIV strains; 72.6% of infections were linked to other provinces in the transmission network; 93.6% of sequence-transmitted strains were locally endemic, with the rest coming from other provinces, predominantly Guangdong and Yunnan; 92.1% of the HIV transmission among people who inject drugs tended to be transmitted between HIV-positive IDUs.@*CONCLUSION@#HIV recombinants were high diversity, and circulating local strains were the transmission sources among IDUs in Guangxi. However, there were still cases of IDUs linked to other provinces. Coverage of traditional prevention strategies should be expanded, and inter-provincial collaboration between Guangxi, Yunnan, and Guangdong provinces should be strengthened.


Subject(s)
Humans , HIV-1/genetics , HIV Infections , Drug Users , Phylogeny , Bayes Theorem , China/epidemiology , Genotype
12.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 351-359, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981011

ABSTRACT

To explore the changes of cold sensitivity after exposure to acute hypoxia and its mechanisms, Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into normoxia control group (21% O2, 25 °C), 10% O2 hypoxia group (10% O2, 25 °C), 7% O2 hypoxia group (7% O2, 25 °C), normoxia cold group (21% O2, 10 °C) and hypoxia cold group (7% O2, 10 °C). Cold foot withdrawal latency and preference temperature of each group were measured, skin temperatures were estimated using an infrared thermographic imaging camera, body core temperature was recorded by wireless telemetry system, immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expression of c-Fos in the lateral parabrachial nucleus (LPB). The results showed that acute hypoxia significantly prolonged the latency of cold foot withdrawal and significantly enhanced the intensity of cold stimulation for foot withdrawal, and the rats under hypoxia preferred cold temperature. Cold exposure (10 °C) for 1 h significantly enhanced the expression of c-Fos in LPB of rats in normoxia, while hypoxia inhibited cold-induced c-Fos expression. Acute hypoxia significantly increased the skin temperature of feet and tails, decreased the skin temperature of interscapular region, and decreased the body core temperature of rats. These results indicate that acute hypoxia can significantly blunt cold sensitivity through the inhibition of LPB, suggesting actively keeping warm measures should be taken at the early stage after ascent to high altitude to prevent the upper respiratory infection and acute mountain sickness.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Parabrachial Nucleus/physiology , Temperature , Cold Temperature , Hypoxia , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos
13.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 405-408, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980736

ABSTRACT

Professor HAN Wei 's clinical experience of acupuncture and moxibustion with Tongyang Xingshen (promoting yang and regaining consciousness) for adolescent depressive disorder is introduced. It is believed that the internal causes of adolescent depressive disorder are mostly emotional and physical factors, while the external causes are mainly social factors, and yang-qi stagnation and emotional disorder are the key pathogenesis. The key of acupuncture and moxibustion with Tongyang Xingshen is warming and regulating the governor vessel. The governor vessel acupoints at head, neck and back are selected. At head, Baihui (GV 20) and Yintang (GV 24+) are selected; at neck, Fengfu (GV 16) and Dazhui (GV 14) are selected; at back, Taodao (GV 13), Shenzhu (GV 12), Shendao (GV 11), Zhiyang (GV 9) and Jinsuo (GV 8) are selected. The combination of disease differentiation and syndrome differentiation should be highly valued, and the moxibustion with Tongyang and acupuncture with Xingshen should be used simultaneously, and the strong stimulation is suggested.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Moxibustion , Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture Points , Physical Examination , Depressive Disorder
14.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 493-496, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-962498

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To establish the path-based management mode of 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 receptor antagonist (5- HT3RA) in chemotherapy patients, and to improve the rationality of medication in chemotherapy patients. METHODS 5-HT3RA standardized drug use control rules were formulated, with the help of medical intelligence and decision support (MINDS) system, path-based management was carried out for chemotherapy patients using 5-HT3RA in the form of whole-process information capture and prescription pre-review, and whole-process intervention was implemented on medication indications, usage and dosage, course of treatment, etc. The intervention effect was analyzed by comparing the changes in the use of 5-HT3RA without indication, unreasonable usage and dosage, repeated medication, unreasonable course of treatment, and per capita drug cost before and after the implementation of path-based management. RESULTS A total of 9 181 patients were included. After the implementation of path- based management, the proportion of unindicated drugs decreased by 0.48%, and the rate of unreasonable single dosage, unreasonable frequency, repeated medication, unreasonable treatment course (5-HT3RA still used 3 days after chemotherapy) decreased by 10.48%, 0.65%, 1.33% and 0.34%; per capita cost of 5-HT3RA decreased by 13.72 yuan; there were statistical significance (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS 5-HT3RA path-based management mode effectively improves the rationality of medication and provides a new idea for rational clinical drug use.

15.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 1458-1466, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015814

ABSTRACT

TRPM8 (transient receptor potential melastatin 8), also known as a cold and menthol receptor and a member of the TRP (transient receptor potential) channel superfamily, locates on the cell membrane or organelle membrane.. TRPM8 is a non-selective cation channel, which can be used as either a cold and heat sensor or cold and pain sensor to conduct signal transduction. It plays an important role in maintaining intracellular homeostasis and controlling ion in cells. It has been found that PTM (post-translational modification) of TRPM8 affects the occurrence and development of many diseases by regulating the function of TRPM8 channel. Therefore, it is necessary to explore the PTM process of TRPM8 to gain a deeper understanding for the function and regulatory mechanism of TRPM8. At present, several types of post-translational modifications of TRPM8 have been reported, including phosphorylation, ubiquitination and glycosylation, which can regulate protein interactions and change the activity of TRPM8 ion channels, leading to modulation of cell proliferation, migration and apoptosis. It is noteworthy that the expression of TRPM8 level is closely related to many kinds of cancers, such as prostate cancer, bladder cancer and breast cancer. This review focus on the structure of TRPM8 ion channels, systematically elaborate the translational modifications, activator and antagonist of TRPM8 protein, and the regulation of some proteins on TRPM8 channel activity. At the same time, we summarize the recent progress of TRPM8 in prostate cancer, bladder cancer and breast cancer, which would provide new directions and new ideas for the treatment of cancer.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2533-2549, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929380

ABSTRACT

Induction of immunogenic cell death promotes antitumor immunity against cancer. However, majority of clinically-approved drugs are unable to elicit sufficient ICD. Here, our study revealed that mitochondria-targeted delivery of doxorubicin (DOX) massively amplified ICD via substantial generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) after mitochondrial damage. The underlying mechanism behind increased ICD was further demonstrated to be ascribed to two pathways: (1) ROS elevated endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, leading to surface exposure of calreticulin; (2) ROS promoted release of various mitochondria-associated damage molecules including mitochondrial transcription factor A. Nevertheless, adaptive upregulation of PD-L1 was found after such ICD-inducing treatment. To overcome such immunosuppressive feedback, we developed a tumor stimuli-responsive nano vehicle to simultaneously exert mitochondrial targeted ICD induction and PD-L1 blockade. The nano vehicle was self-assembled from ICD-inducing copolymer and PD-L1 blocking copolymer, and possessed long-circulating property which contributed to better tumor accumulation and mitochondrial targeting. As a result, the nano vehicle remarkably activated antitumor immune responses and exhibited robust antitumor efficacy in both immunogenic and non-immunogenic tumor mouse models.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 441-445, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922937

ABSTRACT

Four triterpenoids were isolated and purified from the 95% ethanol extract of Maytenus guangxiensis by silica gel column chromatography, Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography, MCI column chromatography and preparative RP-HPLC. Their structures were determined from their physicochemical properties and spectral data. They were identified as maytguanone A (1), maytguanone B (2), 11α-methoxyurs-12-ene-1β,3β-diol (3), lup-20(29)-ene-3β,11α-diol (4). Compounds 1 and 2 are new triterpenoids, along with compounds 3 and 4 were isolated from M. guangxiensis for the first time. The cytotoxicity of compounds 1, 3 and 4 was evaluated using the MTT procedure with three cancer cell lines. The results show that compound 3 displayed good inhibitory effects against HeLa, with an IC50 of 10.68 μmol·L-1.

18.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 370-376, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935295

ABSTRACT

To explore the protective immune effect induced by mucosal delivery heparin-binding hemagglutinin (HBHA)-a candidate vaccine antigen of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Female C57BL/6 mice were between 6 and 8 weeks of age before experimental use. Thirty mice received different immunization strategies and were randomly divided into the control group, the early secreting antigen target-6 (ESAT-6) intranasal immunization group, the HBHA intranasal immunization group, the BCG priming PBS control group, or BCG priming HBHA boost group, 6 mice in each group. In order to analyzed the immune effect, the concentrations of plasma Interleukin-17A (IL-17A) and other cytokines were measured by ELISA. Quantitative real-time PCR analyses were performed to detect the relative quantity (RQ) mRNA of IL-17A in the lung. The lung tissue sections were stained to detect the formation of the tertiary lymphoid structures. The chemokines contributed to formation of the tertiary lymphoid structures were also measured. Flow cytometry was used to detect the frequency of Th1 and Th17 cells in the system. Sixty mice in the BCG priming PBS control group and the BCG priming HBHA boost group were sacrificed at different time points after infection to count the lung bacterial burden. The concentrations of plasma IL-17A and relative quantity of lung IL-17A mRNA were highest in the BCG priming HBHA boost group [(14.76±4.73) pg/mL,RQ (12.27±6.71)], which was significantly higher than the control group [(5.57±2.95) pg/mL,RQ (1.30±0.97)] (t=4.213, P<0.001; t=5.984, P<0.001), and also significantly higher than the BCG priming PBS control group [(6.81±2.18) pg/mL,RQ (1.44±1.16)] (t=3.646 P=0.001; t=6.185 P<0.001). Compared with the BCG priming PBS control group (0.38±0.38)% the frequency of spleen Th17 cells were also significantly increased (t=-0.280 , P=0.048) in the BCG-primary HBHA boost group (1.02±0.34)%. In addition, HBHA boosting could promote better formation of the tertiary lymphoid structures in the lung, and decrease the bacterial load on the early stage after BCG challenge. Collectively, mucosal delivery of HBHA can effectively enhance the protective effect after BCG vaccination, and it is a potential candidate vaccine component.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Antigens, Bacterial , Bacterial Proteins , Immunization, Secondary , Interleukin-17 , Lectins , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Tuberculosis/prevention & control , Tuberculosis Vaccines
19.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 347-353, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935219

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the influence of HBsAg expression in peritumoral tissue of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients on their postoperative recurrence. Methods: The HCC patients treated in Shanghai Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital from October 2009 to August 2010 were selected. The clinicopathological data and adjacent tissues of 718 patients were collected, and dextran polymer immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expression of HBsAg in adjacent tissues. According to the expression of HBsAg in adjacent tissues, the tissues were divided into HBsAg positive group and HBsAg negative group. Kaplan-Meier method and Log rank test were used for survival analysis, and Cox regression model was used for multivariate analysis. Results: Among the 718 patients in the whole group, 153 were HBsAg negative and 565 were HBsAg positive. There was a statistically significant difference in serum HBV DNA level between HBsAg-positive and HBsAg-negative patients (P<0.001). The number of patients with serum DNA≥2 000 IU/ml and<2 000 IU/ml in HBsAg negative group were 52 and 93, while the patients in HBsAg positive group were 325 and 205. The cumulative recurrence rates of all patients at 1, 3, and 5 years after surgery were 30.2%, 54.3%, and 62.7%, respectively. The expression of HBsAg was related to the recurrence (P=0.038). Multivariate analysis showed that γ-GT, PT, multiple tumors, tumor length, and portal vein invasion were independent risk factors for recurrence of HCC (P<0.05). In HBeAg-negative patients with low viral load (HBV DNA <2 000 IU/ml) and without cirrhosis, the recurrence rates of HBsAg-positive patients were 14.3% and 31.0% at 3 and 5 years, respectively, compared with HBsAg negative patients (all 0), the difference was statistically significant (P=0.021). Conclusion: The positive expression of HBsAg in peritumoral tissue increases the postoperative recurrence risk of HCC patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , China , DNA, Viral/analysis , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis B virus/metabolism , Liver Neoplasms/pathology
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 76-84, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913170

ABSTRACT

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER), a multifunctional organelle in eukaryotic cells, is responsible for protein synthesis and intracellular signal transduction, which dominates cell function, survival, and apoptosis. Disequilibrium of ER homeostasis may induce ER stress, which closely intertwines with tumor occurrence and progress. A few clinical-used drugs (such as anthraquinones and oxaliplatin) can mediate the immunogenic cell death of tumor cells through excessive ER stress, and sequentially stimulate anti-tumor immune responses as well as long-term immune memory. However, these drugs often exhibit poor targeting ability and extremely low ER accumulation in tumor cells, limiting their clinical efficacy. Therefore, the researches of ER-targeted delivery of these drugs will significantly benefit the efficient and precise anti-tumor immunotherapy. In this review, we introduce the relationship between ER and tumor immunity, and summarize the ER targeting strategies for anti-tumor immunotherapy in recent years. Furthermore, we discuss the problems of existing ER targeting strategies and look into its broad prospects of application.

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