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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 678-692, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016608

ABSTRACT

italic>Schisandra chinensis is a traditional Chinese medicine with the functions of reinforcing deficiency, strengthening, and inducing astringency, appliable to treat the chronic cough and deficiency in breath, palpitation, and insomnia, etc. A hybrid mass spectrometry scanning strategy (high-definition data-independent/data-dependent acquisition, HDDIDDA), enabling the ion mobility separation and alternating data-independent acquisition/data-dependent acquisition, was established, which, in combination with in-house library-driven automatic peak annotation workflows facilitated by the UNIFI software, was utilized to systematically characterize the multi-classes of chemical components from S. chinensis. The use of an HSS T3 column (100 mm × 2.1 mm, 1.8 μm), 0.1% formic acid in H2O-acetonitrile as the mobile phase running at the flow rate of 0.3 mL·min-1, and column temperature at 35 ℃, could enable good separation of the S. chinensis components within 42 min. HDDIDDA scan in both the positive and negative ion modes was employed for data acquisition. Based on the automatic peak annotation, reference standards comparison, MS2 data interpretation, and literature analysis, we were able to identify or tentatively characterize 105 compounds in the S. chinensis decoction, involving 56 terpenoids, 42 lignans, five glycosides, one organic acid, and one flavonoid. HDDIDDA scanning can improve the coverage of data acquisition and improve the accuracy of identification, while CCS prediction analysis provides the possibility to distinguish isomers by the ion mobility technology. The results provide reference for the intelligent material basis research of TCM.

2.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 601-606, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012948

ABSTRACT

In order to explore the ethical review experience of organ donation and transplantation after the death of citizens, and provide reference value for medical institutions to carry out corresponding ethical review. By using descriptive research, purpose sampling method and the principle of data saturation, 10 members and secretaries of ethics committee on clinical application of organ transplantation technology were finally selected as respondents for semi-structured interviews. The Colaizzi 7-step analysis method was adopted to analyze, summarize and refine the theme. The results showed that the ethical review experience of organ donation and transplantation after the death of citizens included four themes: the responsibilities of ethics committee, the key points of ethics review, the form of ethics review conference and its advantages and disadvantages, and the construction of the ethics committee of organ transplantation. Therefore, there are defects in the ethical review of organ donation and transplantation in medical institutions at present. These can be remedied by enriching elements of the ethical review following the four principles of medical ethics, refining the laws related to organ donation after citizens’ death, constructing a reasonable and efficient pattern of ethical review conference, and establishing a robust and appropriate operation mode of organ transplantation ethics committee.

3.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 319-326, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007247

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the role and mechanism of DNA repair regulation in the process of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence. MethodsHCC tissue samples were collected from the patients with recurrence within two years or the patients with a good prognosis after 5 years, and the Tandem Mass Tag-labeled quantification proteomic study was used to analyze the differentially expressed proteins enriched in the four pathways of DNA replication, mismatch repair, base excision repair, and nucleotide excision repair, and the regulatory pathways and targets that play a key role in the process of HCC recurrence were analyzed to predict the possible regulatory mechanisms. The independent samples t-test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups; a one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t-test was used for further comparison between two groups. ResultsFor the eukaryotic replication complex pathway, there were significant reductions in the protein expression levels of MCM2 (P=0.018), MCM3 (P=0.047), MCM4 (P=0.014), MCM5 (P=0.008), MCM6 (P=0.006), MCM7 (P=0.007), PCNA (P=0.019), RFC4 (P=0.002), RFC5 (P<0.001), and LIG1 (P=0.042); for the nucleotide excision repair pathway, there were significant reductions in the protein expression levels of PCNA (P=0.019), RFC4 (P=0.002), RFC5 (P<0.001), and LIG1 (P=0.042); for the base excision repair pathway, there were significant reductions in the protein expression levels of PCNA (P=0.019) and LIG1 (P=0.042) in the HCC recurrence group; for the mismatch repair pathway, there were significant reductions in the protein expression levels of MSH2 (P=0.026), MSH6 (P=0.006), RFC4 (P=0.002), RFC5 (P<0.001), PCNA (P=0.019), and LIG1 (P=0.042) in recurrent HCC tissue. The differentially expressed proteins were involved in the important components of MCM complex, DNA polymerase complex, ligase LIG1, long patch base shear repair complex (long patch BER), and DNA mismatch repair protein complex. The clinical sample validation analysis of important differentially expressed proteins regulated by DNA repair showed that except for MCM6 with a trend of reduction, the recurrence group also had significant reductions in the relative protein expression levels of MCM5 (P=0.008), MCM7 (P=0.007), RCF4 (P=0.002), RCF5 (P<0.001), and MSH6 (P=0.006). ConclusionThere are significant reductions or deletions of multiple complex protein components in the process of DNA repair during HCC recurrence.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 25-34, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005435

ABSTRACT

Understanding the research methods for drug protein targets is crucial for the development of new drugs, clinical applications of drugs, drug mechanisms, and the pathogenesis of diseases. Cellular thermal shift assay (CETSA), a target research method without modification, has been widely used since its development. Now, there are various CETSA-based technology combinations, such as mass spectrometry-based cellular thermal shift assay (MS-CETSA), isothermal dose response-cellular thermal shift assay (ITDR-CETSA), amplified luminescent proximity homogeneous assay-cellular thermal shift assay (Alpha-CETSA), etc., which combine their respective advantages and further expand the application scope of CETSA. These technologies are suitable for the entire drug development chain, from drug screening to monitoring the target binding and off-target toxicity of drugs in patients. Based on the author's research experience, this paper reviews the principles of CETSA and related binding technologies, their application in target discovery, and the progress of data processing and analysis in recent years, aiming to provide reference and reference for the further application of CETSA.

5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 276-286, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003432

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), consisting of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, is a chronic relapsing inflammatory gastrointestinal disease closely associated with immune dysfunction. The pathogenesis of IBD is closely related to genetic susceptibility, immune system dysfunction, environmental change, and intestinal microbial dysbiosis. Modern research has found that macrophage polarization plays an important role in the development of IBD and can affect the level of inflammatory response, intestinal mucosal repair, and intestinal microbial balance, making it a potential target for IBD treatment. Increasing evidence suggests that traditional Chinese medicine and its active components can regulate macrophage polarization through multiple pathways and balance the M1/M2 macrophage ratio, thus inhibiting inflammatory response, promoting intestinal mucosal repair, and slowing down the progression of IBD. This article summarized the biological processes and targets involved in macrophage polarization and discussed its impact on IBD. It also provided a brief overview of the latest research on how traditional Chinese medicine and its active components can improve IBD by regulating macrophage polarization, so as to provide new directions and strategies for the clinical application of traditional Chinese medicine in IBD treatment.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1902-1906, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996907

ABSTRACT

AIM:To observe and compare the clinical efficacy and safety of intravitreal injection of conbercept or aflibercept in the treatment of pachychoroid neovasculopathy(PNV).METHODS:Retrospective case-control study. A total of 33 patients(35 eyes)diagnosed as PNV in our hospital from February 2018 to October 2022 were divided into 14 cases(14 eyes)in conbercept group and 19 cases(21 eyes)in aflibercept group according to the treatment methods. The best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), subfoveal choroidal thickness(SFCT)and central macular thickness(CMT), injection times and clinical complications of the two groups were compared before and 1, 3 and 6mo after treatment.RESULTS:BCVA, CMT and SFCT in both groups were significantly improved after 1, 3 and 6mo of treatment(all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). During the whole follow-up period, the number of intravitreal injections in the two groups were 2(2, 3)and 2(1.5, 2)respectively, and there was no significant difference(P=0.423). No serious complications occurred during the treatment of the two groups.CONCLUSION:Both intravitreal injections of conbercept and aflibercept can treat PNV with similar therapeutic effects. The desired clinical outcome is achieved by improving the anatomy while improving visual acuity.

7.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 558-563, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992133

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the impact of stress perception on depression and the potential mediating role of resilience in medical staff.Methods:A total of 606 medical staff were recruited and investigated by self-designed questionnaire, the perceived stress scale (PSS-10), the 10-item Connor-Davidson resilience scale (CD-RISC-10), and the patient health questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) from February to March, 2020.SPSS 26.0 software was used to execute Pearson or Spearman correlation analysis, common method biases test, and multicollinearity test.Model 4 in PROCESS 3.2 macro program and Bootstrap method were used for mediating effects analysis.Results:There was a positive correlation between stress perception score(16.93±6.65) and depression score (5.00(2.00, 9.00))( r=0.551, P<0.01), and a negative correlation between stress perception score and resilience score (27.08±8.68) ( r=-0.285, P<0.01) among 606 medical staff.There was a negative correlation between resilience score and depression score ( r=-0.474, P<0.01). Mesometric effect examination showed that resilience played a partial mediating role in the relationship between stress perception and depression, and the mediating effect accounted for 10.87% of the total effect. Conclusion:Stress perception can directly or indirectly influence depression scores, and resilience partially mediates the relationship between stress perception and depression.Depression can be reduced clinically by reducing stress perception or enhancing the resilience of medical personnel.

8.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 170-173, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989919

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the differences between the expression levels of ribosomal protein L32 (RPL32) in human breast cancer tissue and normal breast tissue and the effects on the proliferation of breast cancer cells.Methods:Paraffin samples of breast cancer tissues and adjacent tissues (more than 3 cm from the tumor margin) were collected from 56 breast cancer patients in the Department of Thyroid and Breast Surgery of the First People's Hospital of Shangqiu City from July 2020 to May 2022. The expression of RPL32 in 56 breast cancer patients and their corresponding paracancer tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry. MCF7 cells were divided into experimental group (ribosomal protein L32, RPL32) and control group (negative control, NC). MCF7 cells in experimental group were transfected with RPL32-siRNA vector, while MCF7 cells in control group were transfected with scramble siRNA vector. RPL32 mRNA content in each group was detected by RT-PCR. The expressions of RPL32 and P53 in the experimental group and control group were detected by western blot. The proliferative ability of cells in each group was detected by CCK8 assay. The clonogenesis ability of each group of cells was detected by clone formation experiment.Results:The positive rate of RPL32 in breast cancer patients was 8.93% (5/56), and the expression rate of RPL32 in paracancer tissues was 78.57% (44/56). The expression rate of RPL32 in breast cancer patients was significantly higher than that in paracancer tissues, with statistical significance ( P=0.007). After transfection with siRNA vector, the mRNA content of RPL32 in MCF7 cells of experimental group and control group decreased, and the protein expression level of RPL32 was 1.09±0.21 and 0.40±0.11, respectively. The expression levels of P53 protein were 1.24±0.32 and 0.37±0.09, respectively. The absorbance of CCK8 at 120 h was 1.11±0.24 and 2.19±0.28, respectively, and the proliferation ability of MCF7 cells in the experimental group was significantly decreased ( P=0.043). The results of clone formation experiment showed that the cell clone formation rate of the experimental group and the control group was (21.11±3.46) % and (58.75±4.29) %, respectively, and the cell clone formation of the experimental group was decreased ( P=0.026) . Conclusions:The expression of RPL32 is significantly increased in breast cancer, which may be related to the malignant degree of breast cancer. Inhibition of RPL32 expression in breast cancer cells affects its proliferation ability.

9.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 377-382, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989818

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the feasibility of inferior vena cava variability (ΔDIVC) combined with rectus femoris atrophy fraction in predicting the outcome of weaning from invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV).Methods:From January to December 2021, the patients with the need for IMV admitted to the Affiliated Yixing Hospital of Jiangsu University were recruited into prospective case-control study. The patients who met the withdrawal criteria were treated with a 2-h spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) and then extubated immediately. Patients with stable spontaneous breathing after extubation for more than 48 h were classified as successful weaning group, and on the contrary, the other patients were classified as failed weaning group. The clinical data and withdrawal indexes of the two groups were evaluated. The correlation between ΔD IVC and rectus femoris atrophy fraction was assessed. The influencing factors of weaning outcome were observed. The diagnostic value of ΔD IVC, rectus femoris atrophy fraction and the combination of two indexes in predicting weaning success were calculated by a plotting receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:Sixty IMV patients were included in this study, including 38 cases of successful weaning and 22 cases of failed weaning. The two groups were comparable with regard to clinical data (all P>0.05). The rectus femoris cross-sectional area in the two groups diminished gradually with the length of ICU stay ( F=3.266, 3.625, both P<0.05). The rectus femoris cross-sectional area at the first SBT was significantly lower than that on the first day of admission in both groups [the successful weaning group: (2.54±0.88) cm 2vs. (3.08±0.98) cm 2; the failed weaning group: (2.22±0.87) cm 2vs. (3.02±1.10) cm 2, both P<0.05], but there was no significant difference between the two groups (all P>0.05). Patients in the successful weaning group had higher ΔD IVC and higher rectus femoris atrophy fraction than those in the weaning failure group [ΔD IVC: (25.02±4.65)% vs. (20.30±3.16)%; rectus femoris atrophy fraction: (81.89±5.09)% vs. (72.68±8.98)%, both P<0.05]. There was a positive correlation between ΔD IVC and rectus femoris atrophy fraction ( r=0.346, P=0.007). Both ΔD IVC and rectus femoris atrophy fraction played an important role in affecting weaning success (all P<0.05). The area under the curve (AUC) of ΔD IVC combined with rectus femoris atrophy fraction for predicting the weaning success was 0.880, which was significantly higher than that of ΔD IVC (AUC=0.791) or rectus femoris atrophy fraction (AUC=0.826). Conclusions:The predictive value of ΔD IVC combined with rectus femoris atrophy fraction for successful weaning of patients undergoing IMV is relatively accurate, which can be used to guide weaning.

10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 446-458, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970384

ABSTRACT

Bt Cry toxin is the mostly studied and widely used biological insect resistance protein, which plays a leading role in the green control of agricultural pests worldwide. However, with the wide application of its preparations and transgenic insecticidal crops, the resistance to target pests and potential ecological risks induced by the drive are increasingly prominent and attracting much attention. The researchers seek to explore new insecticidal protein materials that can simulate the insecticidal function of Bt Cry toxin. This will help to escort the sustainable and healthy production of crops, and relieve the pressure of target pests' resistance to Bt Cry toxin to a certain extent. In recent years, the author's team has proposed that Ab2β anti-idiotype antibody has the property of mimicking antigen structure and function based on the "Immune network theory" of antibody. With the help of phage display antibody library and specific antibody high-throughput screening and identification technology, Bt Cry toxin antibody was designed as the coating target antigen, and a series of Ab2β anti-idiotype antibodies (namely Bt Cry toxin insecticidal mimics) were screened from the phage antibody library. Among them, the lethality of Bt Cry toxin insecticidal mimics with the strongest activity was close to 80% of the corresponding original Bt Cry toxin, showing great promise for the targeted design of Bt Cry toxin insecticidal mimics. This paper systematically summarized the theoretical basis, technical conditions, research status, and discussed the development trend of relevant technologies and how to promote the application of existing achievements, aiming to facilitate the research and development of green insect-resistant materials.


Subject(s)
Insecticides/metabolism , Bacillus thuringiensis , Endotoxins/pharmacology , Bacillus thuringiensis Toxins/metabolism , Hemolysin Proteins/pharmacology , Bacterial Proteins/chemistry , Plants, Genetically Modified/genetics , Pest Control, Biological
11.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1378-1384, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013757

ABSTRACT

Aim To clarify the anti-rheumatoid arthritis effect of Tibetan medicine Pulicaria insignis (P. insignis),sift out the active parts against rheumatoid arthritis,and investigate the mechanism. Methods Rat rheumatoid arthritis (CIA) model was established with bovine type II collagen and incomplete Freund's adjuvant. The effects of the total extract of P. insignis, macroporous resin eluted parts with different concentrations of ethanol and Tripterygium Glycosides (GTW) on the degree of foot swelling in CIA rats were observed,the levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), intd rheumaerleukin-1β (IL-1β) antoid factor (RF) in serum of rats were detected, the pathological changes of synovial tissues were investigated, and the effects on MAPK/p38/NF-κB, TLR4/NF-κB protein expressions were explored by Western blot. Results Compared with the model group, the total extract of P. insignis and the eluted part of macroporous resin 60% ethanol could significantly reduce the degree of joint swelling in CIA rats, effectively improve the pathological changes of rats synovium tissues, and significantly reduce the levels of rat tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and rheumatoid factor (RF) in serum inflammatory factors, and markedly decrease the expression of related inflammatory proteins (TLR4, NF-κB, Myd88, p-p38, p-IκBα, iNOS, etc) in synovial tissue. Conclusions (1) P. insignis can relieve the symptoms of joint inflammation in rats with rheumatoid arthritis, and the eluted part of macroporous resin 60% ethanol of P. insignis is the effective active part for anti-rheumatoid arthritis. (2) The total and partial extracts of P. insignis can relieve arthritis symptoms in CIA rats through inhibiting the MAPK/ p38/NF-κB and TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathways.

12.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 814-819, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012313

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association between the distribution of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) in EBV associated lymphoepitheliomatoid carcinoma (LELC) and the pathological subtypes of LELC, as well as the clinical significance of TIL distribution. Methods: The LELC patients with sufficient tumor tissues, complete clinical data and positive EBER, who visited Zhejiang Cancer Hospital, Hangzhou, China from January 2006 to October 2018, were selected. Various immunohistochemical markers (CD20, CD138, CD4, CD8, CD56 and FOXP3) were examined for TIL typing. Two pathologists reviewed the hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining sections and interpreted the immunohistochemical results. Correlation analysis was used to evaluate the relationship between the distribution of TIL subgroups and LELC's pathological characteristics. Survival analyses were conducted to study the prognostic values of TIL subgrouping. Results: A total of 102 patients with EBV related LELC were included. 46 of them were classic LELC (c-LELC) with rich interstitial TIL, and 56 were non-classic LELC (n-LELC) with relatively fewer interstitial TIL. The results of TIL analysis showed that all subtypes of c-LELC were rich in TIL, with B lymphocytes as the dominant subgroup. The number of TIL in n-LELC was fewer than that in c-LELC, with T lymphocytes as the dominant subgroup. There was no significant difference in the distribution of plasma cells between the two groups. Survival analysis showed that the total number of TIL, and the infiltrations of CD20+B cells, CD4+T cells, and FOXP3+Treg cells were associated with better overall survivals (P=0.004, 0.003, 0.008 and 0.025, respectively) and disease-free survivals (P=0.011, 0.003, 0.038 and 0.041, respectively) in patients with LELC. Conclusions: The morphologic subtypes of EBV-related LELC have different tumor immune characteristics. The total number of TIL in the stroma of c-LELC is significantly higher than that of n-LELC. Interestingly, B lymphocytes are the dominant TIL in c-LELC, while T lymphocytes are the dominant TIL in n-LELC. The infiltration of TIL, CD20+B cells, CD4+T cells and FOXP3+Treg cells in LELC may suggest a better prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphocytes, Tumor-Infiltrating , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Clinical Relevance , Prognosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Forkhead Transcription Factors
13.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 407-412, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010958

ABSTRACT

The global coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has had a massive impact on global social and economic development and human health. By combining traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) with modern medicine, the Chinese government has protected public health by supporting all phases of COVID-19 prevention and treatment, including community prevention, clinical treatment, control of disease progression, and promotion of recovery. Modern medicine focuses on viruses, while TCM focuses on differential diagnosis of patterns associated with viral infection of the body and recommends the use of TCM decoctions for differential treatment. This differential diagnosis and treatment approach, with its profoundly empirical nature and holistic view, endows TCM with an accessibility advantage and high application value for dealing with COVID-19. Here, we summarize the advantage of and evidence for TCM use in COVID-19 prevention and treatment to draw attention to the scientific value and accessibility advantage of TCM and to promote the use of TCM in response to public health emergencies. Please cite this article as: Huang M, Liu YY, Xiong K, Yang FW, Jin XY, Wang ZQ, Zhang JH, Zhang BL. The role and advantage of traditional Chinese medicine in the prevention and treatment of COVID-19. J Integr Med. 2023; 21(5): 407-412.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asian People , COVID-19/prevention & control , Diagnosis, Differential , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Pandemics/prevention & control
14.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 902-911, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008145

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical characteristics of collagenous gastritis (CG) and provide evidence for the precise diagnosis and treatment of CG.Methods Published case reports and case series were collected from PubMed,CNKI,and Wanfang Med Online with the key words of collagenous gastritis,collagenous gastroduodenitis,collagenous gastrointestinal diseases,and gastric mucosal nodules.The demographic and clinical information of each case was collected.Results According to the extent of collagen deposition in the digestive tract,94 CG cases included in this study were assigned into upper digestive tract (UDT)-CG,total digestive tract (TDT)-CG and other groups.The UDT-CG group included 52 cases (57.69% females and 42.31% males) with a median age of 14.50 (11.00,25.75) years old.There were 17 cases in the TDT-CG group,including 70.59% females and 29.41% males,with a median age of 15.00 (9.50,48.50) years old.The other group contained 25 cases,(64.00% females and 36.00% males) with a median age of 25.00 (15.50,59.50) years old.The main clinical manifestations in the UDT-CG group were anemia (59.62%) and diarrhea (17.31%),and those in the TDT-CG group were anemia (29.41%) and diarrhea (94.12%).The nodular appearance of gastric mucosa was observed in 75.00% cases in the UDT-CG group and 35.29% cases in the TDT-CG group.In the initial treatment,symptomatic therapy and hormonal therapy respectively relieved the symptoms in 75.00% (30/40) and 100% (3/3) cases in the UDT-CG group and 57.14% (4/7) and 83.33% (5/6) cases in the TDT-CG group.In the retreatment,symptomatic therapy and hormone therapy respectively achieved the remission rates of 100.00% (3/3) and 88.89% (8/9) in the UDT-CG group and 80.00% (4/5) and 66.67% (2/3) in the TDT-CG group.Conclusions CG,a rare disease of gastric collagen deposition,mainly occurs in young patients,and females are more susceptible than males.The clinical manifestations of CG are nonspecific,and anemia,abdominal pain,diarrhea,weight loss,and gastrointestinal bleeding are the common symptoms of CG.Nodular appearance of gastric mucosa is a relatively specific endoscopic feature of CG.There is no standardized treatment for CG.Symptomatic treatment is commonly adopted to improve the quality of life of the patients,and hormones can be added when necessary.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Quality of Life , Gastritis/diagnosis , Gastric Mucosa , Collagen , Anemia/etiology , Diarrhea/complications
15.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3925-3935, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008003

ABSTRACT

The growth, differentiation and proliferation of adipose cells run through the whole life process. Dysregulation of lipid metabolism in adipose cells affects adipose tissue immunity and systemic energy metabolism. Increasingly available data suggest that lipid metabolism is involved in regulating the occurrence and development of various diseases, such as hyperlipidemia, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, diabetes and cancer, which pose a major threat to human and animal health. Hypoxia inducible factor (HIF) is a major transcription factor mediating oxygen receptors in tissues and organs. HIF can induce disease by regulating lipid synthesis, fatty acid metabolism and lipid droplet formation. However, due to the difference of hypoxia degree, time and mode of action, there is no conclusive conclusion whether it has harmful or beneficial effects on the development of adipocytes and lipid metabolism. This article summarizes the regulation of hypoxia stress mediated transcription regulators and regulation of adipocyte development and lipid metabolism, aiming to reveal the potential mechanism of hypoxia induced changes in adipocyte metabolism pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Lipid Metabolism , Adipocytes/metabolism , Adipose Tissue/metabolism , Hypoxia/metabolism , Transcription Factors/metabolism
16.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1109-1113, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007451

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the curative effect between interactive scalp acupuncture and traditional scalp acupuncture on hemiplegic upper extremity motor dysfunction in the patients with ischemic stroke.@*METHODS@#Seventy cases of hemiplegic upper extremity motor dysfunction of ischemic stroke were randomly divided into an interactive scalp acupuncture group (35 cases, 1 case breaked off) and a traditional scalp acupuncture group (35 cases, 1 case dropped off). The patients of the two groups received the secondary prevention medication and routine rehabilitation therapy. Besides, in the interactive scalp acupuncture group, the upper extremity occupational therapy was operated during the needle retaining of scalp acupuncture; and in the traditional scalp acupuncture group, the upper extremity occupational therapy was delivered after the completion of scalp acupuncture. The same points were selected in the two groups such as Fuxiang head area, Fuxiang upper-limb-shoulder point, Fuxiang upper-limb-elbow point and Fuxiang upper-limb-wrist point. The needles were inserted perpendicularly by flying-needle technique and manipulated by triple technique of gentle twisting, heavy pressure and vibrating. The needles were retained for 30 min. Based on the degree of the upper extremity motor impairment, the regimen of the upper extremity occupational therapy was formulated individually and one treatment took 30 min. In the two groups, the therapies were delivered once daily, 5 times a week, lasting 4 weeks. Before and after treatment, the scores of Fugl-Meyer assessment of upper extremity (FMA-UE), Wolf motor function test (WMFT), the modified Barthel index (MBI) and the modified Ashworth scale (MAS) grade in the two groups were observed before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the scores of FMA-UE, WMFT and MBI were higher than those before treatment (P<0.01), and MAS grade was improved (P<0.05) in the two groups. The scores of FMA-UE, WMFT and MBI in the interactive scalp acupuncture group were higher than those in the traditional scalp acupuncture group (P<0.01, P<0.05), and there was no statistical significance in the difference of MAS grade between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The interactive scalp acupuncture can effectively improve the motor function of the hemiplegic upper extremities and the activities of daily living in the patients with ischemic stroke and its efficacy is better than traditional scalp acupuncture. But these two types of scalp acupuncture obtain the similar effect on spasticity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stroke/therapy , Ischemic Stroke/complications , Stroke Rehabilitation , Activities of Daily Living , Hemiplegia/therapy , Scalp , Treatment Outcome , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Upper Extremity
17.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 964-969, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005957

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the predictive value of high preoperative neutrophile-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) for the prognosis of nonurothelial carcinoma of the bladder (NUBC) after radical cystectomy (RC). 【Methods】 Clinical and follow-up data of NUBC patients undergoing RC during Jan.2005 and Dec.2020 were collected. The optimal cut-off value of NLR was determined with the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The survival curve was drawn with Kaplan-Meier method to compare the differences in cancer specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS) between the high-NLR and low-NLR groups. The independent risk factors of CSS and OS were screened with Cox proportional hazard regression model. 【Results】 Of the 62 eligible cases,34 (54.8%) were diagnosed with adenocarcinoma,17 (27.4%) with squamous cell carcinoma, 6 (9.7%) with small cell carcinoma and 5 (8.1%) with sarcoma. Kaplan-Meier analysis results showed high NLR was associated with poor CSS (P=0.001) and OS (P<0.001). Cox regression results indicated that high NLR (HR=2.42, 95%CI: 1.12-5.23, P=0.025) and advanced pathologic tumor stage (HR=3.21, 95%CI:1.53-6.74,P=0.002) were independent risk factors of unfavorable CSS. Similarly, high NLR (HR=2.75, 95%CI: 1.35-5.56, P=0.005) and advanced pathologic tumor stage (HR=2.81, 95%CI:1.43-5.57, P=0.003) were independent risk factors of unfavorable OS. 【Conclusion】 As an independent risk factor of unfavorable CSS and OS in NUBC patients undergoing RC, high preoperative NLR is of great value in the prediction of long-term prognosis and may help to optimize individualized treatment.

18.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 107-114, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005509

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the predictive value of regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rScO2) monitoring during total aortic arch replacement and stent trunk surgery for perioperative neurocognitive disorders (PND) and changes in plasma S100β protein and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) concentrations and their relationship with PND. 【Methods】 Sixty-five Stanford type A aortic dissection patients who planned to undergo total aortic arch replacement and trunk stenting were selected. Their rScO2 values were monitored throughout the operation and recorded after induction (T1), the beginning of CPB (T2), during deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (T3), rewarming to 36℃(T4), CPB stop for 1 hour (T5), and post-operation (T6). After induction (Ta), rewarming to 36℃ (Tb),1 h (Tc), 6 h (Td) and 24 h (Te) after cessation of cardiopulmonary bypass, central venous blood was collected from patients, and the concentrations of S100β protein and NSE in plasma were detected by ELISA. The patients were divided into PND group and non-PND group by the evaluation of MMSE scale at time of before operation, on the day of extubation, and 7 days after operation. 【Results】 The incidence of PND was 44.6%. The rScO2 value at T2 was significantly lower than that at T1 (P<0.05). The rScO2 value of PND group at T3 and T6 was significantly lower than that at T1 and non-PND group (P<0.05). The mean value of rScO2 and the minimum value of rScO2 in PND group were significantly lower than those in non-PND group, while rScO2 %max in PND group was significantly higher than that in non-PND group (P<0.05). The intraoperative critical value of rScO2 %max was >9.89%, the area under curve (AUC) was 0.658 (95% CI: 0.525-0.791, P<0.05), and sensitivity and specificity were 48.3% and 75.0%, respectively. The concentrations of S100β protein and NSE protein in PND group were significantly higher than those in non-PND group at Tc and Td (P<0.01). Compared with Ta, the concentration of S100β protein in PND group was significantly increased at Tc and Td (P<0.001), and the concentration of NSE protein was significantly increased at Tb-Te (P<0.01). CPB time was an independent risk factor for PND. 【Conclusion】 The occurrence of PND after total arch replacement and stenting may be related to the decrease of rScO2 and the increase of S100β protein and NSE protein. Intraoperative rScO2 %max >9.89% can be a potential predictor of PND.

19.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 329-332, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969993

ABSTRACT

This paper summarizes professor GUAN Ling's clinical experience in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) with structure-based medical acupuncture (SMA). Based on anatomy and biomechanics and through accurate physical examination, SMA adjusts the mechanical imbalance of muscles to relieve KOA dysfunction, and releases nerve compression to attenuate pain symptoms of KOA. In reference to traditional acupoint selection, and in association with painful areas and mechanical deduction, ashi points located at the rectus femoris, vastus intermedius, vastus medialis and vastus lateralis muscles, etc. are specially stimulated with acupuncture; and the rehabilitation training and health education are the adjuvant treatment for the patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture Points , Adjuvants, Immunologic , Pain , Quadriceps Muscle
20.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 74-81, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969808

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of different medical treatment in advanced or unresectable angiosarcoma. Methods: This study was a single-center retrospective clinical study. Fifty-five advanced or unresectable angiosarcoma patients treated in Sun-Yat Sen University Cancer Center from January 2005 to August 2020 were enrolled. There were 34 patients who received first-line doxorubicin-based chemotherapy (doxorubicin group), 12 patients received first-line doxorubicin or liposome doxorubicin plus paclitaxel or albumin bound paclitaxel chemotherapy (combination therapy group), and 4 patients received first-line paclitaxel-based treatment (paclitaxel group). There were 6 patients who received anti-angiogenesis targeted therapy, another 2 patients received anti-PD-1 antibody plus anti-angiogenesis targeted therapy. Targeted therapy and immunotherapy plus targeted therapy included 5 cases of first-line therapy and 3 cases of second-line therapy. The therapeutic effect was evaluated by RECIST 1.1 standard. The adverse reactions were evaluated by CTCAE4.0 standard. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was evaluated with Log rank test. Cox proportional hazard model was used to analyze the influencing factors. Results: There were 18 patients achieved partial response (PR) in 34 patients in the doxorubicin group, median progression-free survival (mPFS) was 4.5 months, and median overall survival (mOS) was 15 months. Four patients achieved PR in 12 patients in the combination therapy group, mPFS and mOS were 4 months and 19 months. Two patients achieved PR in 4 patients in the paclitaxel group, mPFS and mOS were 3 months and 9 months. However, only 1 in 6 patients achieved PR for anti-angiogenesis targeted therapy, mPFS and mOS were 3 months and 16 months. Two patients who received anti-PD-1 immunotherapy combined with anti-angiogenesis targeted therapy acquired PR for 17 months and more than 16 months. Median PFS (7.5 months) were longer in those with primary liver, lung and spleen angiosarcoma than in those with other primary site (3.0 months, P=0.028). The mOS (20 months) was longer in females than that in males (12 months, P=0.045). Primary tumor site, sex, age and treatment were not independent prognostic factors for angiosarcoma patients (P>0.05). Grade 3-4 cardiac toxicity was found in 2 patients in the combination therapy group. Conclusions: Doxorubicin-based and paclitaxel-based chemotherapy are the most important treatment for advanced angiosarcoma. Potential efficacy for targeted therapy combined with anti-PD-1 immunotherapy are showed in some patients with long duration of response and moderate adverse event.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Hemangiosarcoma , Retrospective Studies , Paclitaxel/adverse effects , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects
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