Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 172
Filter
1.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 88-97, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015151

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the stress change characteristics of the cervical disc after removing different ranges of the uncinate process by establishing a three⁃dimensional finite element model of the C

2.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 427-431, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014525

ABSTRACT

Allergen specific immunotherapy (AIT) is to identify the patient's allergen, give the patient repeated exposure to the allergen extract, and gradually increase the concentration and dose until the target maintenance dose is reached, so that the patient can develop tolerance to the allergen, which is the only treatment that can regulate the pathogenesis of allergic diseases and change its natural course. In recent years, domestic and foreign scholars have made great progress in the clinical practice and research field of AIT. This article reviewed the relevant progress of the mechanism, efficacy and drug administration of AIT.

3.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 362-369, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014517

ABSTRACT

AIM: To observe the effect of fudosteine on induced sputum cell components and lung function in patients with stable neutrophil-dominated COPD. METHODS: From October 2019 to October 2022, 53 patients with stable COPD were selected and divided into fudosteine group and placebo group. The placebo group was treated with routine treatment, and the fudosteine group was treated with fudosteine on the basis of routine treatment. The two groups were treated for 6 months. The clinical symptoms [Saint George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), COPD Assessment Test (CAT) and Modified British Medical Research Council Dyspnea scale (MMRC), Breathlessness, Cough, and Sputum Scale (BCSS)], lung function index, induced sputum cytology analysis and other related examination results were recorded in detail before and after treatment. RESULTS: (1) Compared with the baseline, the forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), and the ratio of FEV1 to FVC (FEV1/FVC) of the two groups were improved after treatment, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). However, after treatment, there was no significant difference in pulmonary function between the two groups except for the percentage of carbon monoxide diffusion in the predicted value (DLCO%pre) (DLCO%pre in the fudosteine group was higher than that in the placebo group). (2) After treatment, the total number of induced sputum cells and neutrophil counts in the fudosteine group were lower than those in the placebo group. Compared with the number of cells in each component at baseline, the total number of induced sputum cells and neutrophil count in the fudosteine group were significantly lower (P< 0.05). CONCLUSION: Fudosteine treatment in patients with stable neutrophil-dominated COPD can improve lung function, reduce the total number of induced sputum cells and the total number of neutrophils, thereby improving airway inflammation.

4.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 868-872, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994274

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of GSK484 on ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) and neutrophil extracelluar traps (NETs) in mice.Methods:Forty-eight SPF healthy male C57BL/6 mice, aged 5-6 weeks, weighing 15-20 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=12 each) by a random number table method: spontaneous breathing group (group S), spontaneous breathing+ GSK484 intervention group (group SG), VILI group (group V), and VILI + GSK484 intervention group (group VG). The animals kept spontaneous breathing for 4 h after tracheal intubation in S and SG groups. The animals were mechanically ventilated for 4 h (tidal volume 30 ml/kg, respiratory rate 75 breaths/min, inspiratory/expiratory ratio 1∶2, positive end-expiratory pressure 0 mmHg, fraction of inspired oxygen 21%) in V and VG groups. At 3 days before developing the VILI model, GSK484 4 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected once a day in SG and VG groups, while the equal volume of normal saline was given instead in S and V groups. Blood samples were collected from the abdominal aorta for blood gas analysis at 4 h of spontaneous breathing or mechanical ventilation, and PaO 2 was recorded. The mice were then sacrificed and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected and lung tissues were obtained for microscopic examination of the pathological changes (with a light microscope after HE staining) which were scored and for determination of wet to dry weight ratio (W/D ratio), concentrations of interleukin-1beta (IL-1β), IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) in BALF (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), expression of peptidylarginine deiminase 4 (PAD4), neutrophil elastase (NE), high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) and citrullinated-histone 3 (Cit-H3) in lung tissues (by Western blot). Results:Compared with S and SG groups, the lung injury score and W/D ratio were significantly increased, PaO 2 was decreased, concentrations of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and MPO in BALF were increased, and the expression of PAD4, NE, HMGB1 and Cit-H3 in lung tissues was up-regulated in V and VG groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group V, the lung injury score and W/D ratio were significantly decreased, PaO 2 was increased, the concentrations of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and MPO in BALF were decreased, and the expression of PAD4, NE, HMGB1 and Cit-H3 was down-regulated in group VG ( P<0.05). Conclusions:GSK484 can alleviate VILI in mice, and the mechanism is associated with inhibition of PAD4, reduction of the production of NETs and attenuation of inflammatory responses in lung tissues.

5.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 127-134, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970300

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study was aimed at investigating the carrier rate of, and molecular variation in, α- and β-globin gene mutations in Hunan Province.@*METHODS@#We recruited 25,946 individuals attending premarital screening from 42 districts and counties in all 14 cities of Hunan Province. Hematological screening was performed, and molecular parameters were assessed.@*RESULTS@#The overall carrier rate of thalassemia was 7.1%, including 4.83% for α-thalassemia, 2.15% for β-thalassemia, and 0.12% for both α- and β-thalassemia. The highest carrier rate of thalassemia was in Yongzhou (14.57%). The most abundant genotype of α-thalassemia and β-thalassemia was -α 3.7/αα (50.23%) and β IVS-II-654/β N (28.23%), respectively. Four α-globin mutations [CD108 (ACC>AAC), CAP +29 (G>C), Hb Agrinio and Hb Cervantes] and six β-globin mutations [CAP +8 (C>T), IVS-II-848 (C>T), -56 (G>C), beta nt-77 (G>C), codon 20/21 (-TGGA) and Hb Knossos] had not previously been identified in China. Furthermore, this study provides the first report of the carrier rates of abnormal hemoglobin variants and α-globin triplication in Hunan Province, which were 0.49% and 1.99%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Our study demonstrates the high complexity and diversity of thalassemia gene mutations in the Hunan population. The results should facilitate genetic counselling and the prevention of severe thalassemia in this region.


Subject(s)
Humans , beta-Thalassemia/genetics , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics , Hemoglobinopathies/genetics , China/epidemiology , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
6.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 303-312, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981543

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects of postoperative fusion implantation on the mesoscopic biomechanical properties of vertebrae and bone tissue osteogenesis in idiopathic scoliosis, a macroscopic finite element model of the postoperative fusion device was developed, and a mesoscopic model of the bone unit was developed using the Saint Venant sub-model approach. To simulate human physiological conditions, the differences in biomechanical properties between macroscopic cortical bone and mesoscopic bone units under the same boundary conditions were studied, and the effects of fusion implantation on bone tissue growth at the mesoscopic scale were analyzed. The results showed that the stresses in the mesoscopic structure of the lumbar spine increased compared to the macroscopic structure, and the mesoscopic stress in this case is 2.606 to 5.958 times of the macroscopic stress; the stresses in the upper bone unit of the fusion device were greater than those in the lower part; the average stresses in the upper vertebral body end surfaces were ranked in the order of right, left, posterior and anterior; the stresses in the lower vertebral body were ranked in the order of left, posterior, right and anterior; and rotation was the condition with the greatest stress value in the bone unit. It is hypothesized that bone tissue osteogenesis is better on the upper face of the fusion than on the lower face, and that bone tissue growth rate on the upper face is in the order of right, left, posterior, and anterior; while on the lower face, it is in the order of left, posterior, right, and anterior; and that patients' constant rotational movements after surgery is conducive to bone growth. The results of the study may provide a theoretical basis for the design of surgical protocols and optimization of fusion devices for idiopathic scoliosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Scoliosis/surgery , Spinal Fusion/methods , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Osteogenesis , Biomechanical Phenomena/physiology , Finite Element Analysis
7.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 205-212, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971336

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the anti-coronavirus potential and the corresponding mechanisms of the two ingredients of Reduning Injection: quercetin and luteolin.@*METHODS@#A pseudovirus system was designed to test the efficacy of quercetin and luteolin to inhibit SARS-CoV-2 infection and the corresponding cellular toxicity. Luteolin was tested for its activities against the pseudoviruses of SARS-CoV-2 and its variants. Virtual screening was performed to predict the binding sites by Autodock Vina 1.1.230 and PyMol. To validate docking results, surface plasmon resonance (SPR) was used to measure the binding affinity of the compounds with various proteins of the coronaviruses. Quercetin and luteolin were further tested for their inhibitory effects on other coronaviruses by indirect immunofluorescence assay on rhabdomyosarcoma cells infected with HCoV-OC43.@*RESULTS@#The inhibition of SARS-CoV-2 pseudovirus by luteolin and quercetin were strongly dose-dependent, with concentration for 50% of maximal effect (EC50) of 8.817 and 52.98 µmol/L, respectively. Their cytotoxicity to BHK21-hACE2 were 177.6 and 405.1 µmol/L, respectively. In addition, luetolin significantly blocked the entry of 4 pseudoviruses of SARS-CoV-2 variants, with EC50 lower than 7 µmol/L. Virtual screening and SPR confirmed that luteolin binds to the S-proteins and quercetin binds to the active center of the 3CLpro, PLpro, and helicase proteins. Quercetin and luteolin showed over 99% inhibition against HCoV-OC43.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The mechanisms were revealed of quercetin and luteolin inhibiting the infection of SARS-CoV-2 and its variants. Reduning Injection is a promising drug for COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Luteolin , Quercetin
8.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 863-867, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985488

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association of circulating sPD-1 level and PD-1 gene polymorphisms with HBV infection and HBV infection-associated hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: A case-control study was conducted. A total of 237 chronic HBV infection cases and 138 HBV infection-associated hepatocellular carcinoma in the Department of Infectious Diseases of the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from 2018 to 2021 were selected as the case group. About 250 individuals who visited a hospital physical examination center for routine physical examination during the same period were selected as the control group. Plasma sPD-1 levels were measured by using an ELISA kit and genotyping was performed by using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) technique. The association of sPD-1 levels and PD-1 polymorphisms with HBV infection as well as HBV infection-associated hepatocellular carcinoma was analyzed by using logistic regression models after adjusting for age, sex, alcohol consumption, smoking, ALT and AST levels. The sPD-1 level and PD-1 polymorphisms were independent variables, and HBV infection was the dependent variable. Results: The age of 237 chronic HBV infections, 138 HBV infection-related liver cancer case subjects and 250 control subjects in the study was (49.1±10.8), (51.9±12.7) and (50.7±11.9) years, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression model analysis showed that with a 1 pg/ml increase in sPD-1 level, the OR (95%CI) values for the risk of incident HBV infection cases and HBV hepatocellular carcinoma cases were 1.92 (1.68-2.19) and 2.02 (1.69-2.40). For rs2227981, compared with the CC genotype, the TT genotype had a lower risk of HBV infection and liver cancer associated with HBV infection, with OR (95%CI) values of 0.45 (0.22-0.91) and 0.35 (0.14-0.91). For rs2227982, compared with the CC genotype, the CT and TT genotypes also had a lower risk of HBV infection [OR (95%CI) values of 0.72 (0.53-0.97) and 0.57 (0.35-0.93)] and HBV infection-related liver cancer [OR (95%CI) values of 0.64 (0.45-0.92) and 0.52 (0.29-0.93)]. Conclusions: Plasma sPD-1 levels and PD-1 gene polymorphisms are associated with HBV infection and HBV infection-associated hepatocellular carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/genetics
9.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 611-617, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984155

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The previously established 38-plex InDel system was optimized and its performance was validated according to the Scientific Working Group on DNA Analysis Method (SWGDAM) application guidelines. The ancestry inference accuracy of individuals from East Asian, European, African and mixed populations was verified.@*METHODS@#DNA standard sample 9947A was used as the template to establish the optimal amplification conditions by adjusting primer balance, Mg2+ final concentration and optimizing PCR thermal cycle parameters and amplification volume. The allelic dropout, nonspecific amplification and whether the origin of the inferred samples matched the known information were compared to evaluate the performance of this system.@*RESULTS@#The optimal dosage of this system was 0.125-2 ng DNA template. The results of InDel typing were accurate, the amplification equilibrium was good, and the species specificity was good. This system showed certain tolerance to DNA samples including the inhibitor such as hemoglobin (≤80 μmol/L), indigo (≤40 mmol/L), calcium ion (≤1.0 mmol/L), and humic acid (≤90 ng/μL). The system enabled the direct amplification of DNA from saliva and blood on filter paper, and the results of ethnic inference were accurate. The system successfully detected the mixed DNA sample from two individuals. The test results of the system for common biological materials in practical cases were accurate.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The results of the 38-plex InDel system are accurate and reliable, and the performance of the system meets the requirement of the SWGDAM guidelines. This system can accurately differentiate the ancestry origins of individuals from African, European, East Asian, and Eurasian populations and can be implemented in forensic practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genotype , Polymerase Chain Reaction , DNA/genetics , DNA Fingerprinting/methods , INDEL Mutation , Genetics, Population , Gene Frequency
10.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 532-540, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940998

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the amino acid metabolomics characteristics of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in mice with sepsis induced by the cecal ligation and puncture (CLP).@*METHODS@#The sepsis mouse model was prepared by CLP, and the mice were randomly divided into a sham operation group (sham group, n = 10) and a CLP model group (n = 10). On the 7th day after the operation, 5 mice were randomly selected from the surviving mice in each group, and the bone marrow MDSCs of the mice were isolated. Bone marrow MDSCs were separated to measure the oxygen consumption rate (OCR) by using Agilent Seahorse XF technology and to detect the contents of intracellular amino acids and oligopeptides through ultra-performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) technology. Different metabolites and potential biomarkers were analyzed by univariate statistical analysis and multivariate statistical analysis. The major metabolic pathways were enriched using the small molecular pathway database (SMPDB).@*RESULTS@#The proportion of MDSCs in the bone marrow of CLP group mice (75.53% ± 6.02%) was significantly greater than that of the sham group (43.15%± 7.42%, t = 7.582, P < 0.001), and the basal respiratory rate [(50.03±1.20) pmol/min], maximum respiration rate [(78.07±2.57) pmol/min] and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production [(25.30±1.21) pmol/min] of MDSCs in the bone marrow of CLP group mice were significantly greater than the basal respiration rate [(34.53±0.96) pmol/min, (t = 17.41, P < 0.001)], maximum respiration rate [(42.57±1.87) pmol/min, (t = 19.33, P < 0.001)], and ATP production [(12.63±0.96) pmol/min, (t = 14.18, P < 0.001)] of sham group. Leucine, threonine, glycine, etc. were potential biomarkers of septic MDSCs (all P < 0.05). The increased amino acids were mainly enriched in metabolic pathways, such as malate-aspartate shuttle, ammonia recovery, alanine metabolism, glutathione metabolism, phenylalanine and tyrosine metabolism, urea cycle, glycine and serine metabolism, β-alanine metabolism, glutamate metabolism, arginine and proline metabolism.@*CONCLUSION@#The enhanced mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation, malate-aspartate shuttle and alanine metabolism in MDSCs of CLP mice may provide raw materials for mitochondrial aerobic respiration, thereby promoting the immunosuppressive function of MDSCs. Blocking the above metabolic pathways may reduce the risk of secondary infection in sepsis and improve the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Adenosine Triphosphate/metabolism , Alanine/metabolism , Aspartic Acid/metabolism , Biomarkers/metabolism , Chromatography, Liquid , Glycine/metabolism , Malates/metabolism , Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells/metabolism , Sepsis/complications , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
11.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 62-67, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927899

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of Xuanfu Daizhe decoction on the stemness of esophageal cancer cells. Methods: The BALB/c nude mice were randomly divided into the control group and experimental group, 5 mice in each group, which were continuously administered with normal saline and Xuanfu Daizhe decoction (9.89 g/kg) by gastrogavage, respectively. Human esophageal carcinoma cells ECA-109 (5×106) were subcutaneously injected into the mice on the 8th day. Tumor volume was measured twice a week. The mice were sacrificed 4 weeks after injection, and the tumor tissue and mouse serum were collected. The expressions of the major stemness-regulating transcription factors, i.e., NANOG, OCT4 and SOX2, were detected by RT-qPCR, Western Blot and immunohistochemistry. ECA-109 cells were treated with 10% fetal bovine serum and serum from the above two groups of mice for 48 hours respectively, and three replicate wells were set in each group, and the expressions of NANOG, OCT4, SOX2 and the levels of AKT and p-AKT were detected by RT-qPCR and Western Blot, respectively. ALDH activity in tumor cells was detected by flow cytometry; the number of spheroids of tumor cells was detected by the spheroidization experiment. Results: Compared with the control group, the growth and size of esophageal cancer tumors were significantly inhibited by Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction; the expressions of NANOG, OCT4, SOX2, the ALDH activity, the number of spheroids, and the levels of AKT and phosphorylated AKT (p-AKT) in esophageal cancer cells were significantly reduced by Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction both in vivo and in vitro. Conclusion: Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction inhibits the stemness of esophageal cancer cells, it may be a potentially effective drug for the treatment of esophageal cancer and provides a theoretical basis for the exploration of new effective drugs for the treatment of esophageal cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Mice, Nude , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Transcription Factors
12.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 389-394, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935226

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the possible mechanism of radiotherapy regulating the expression of PD-L1 in esophageal carcinoma. Methods: Three esophageal cancer cell lines (Eca109, Kyse150, TE1) were irradiated with different doses of X-rays, and 6 Gy+ AG490 group was set. The mRNA expression of PD-L1 was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). The protein expressions of PD-L1, STAT3, p-STAT3 were detected by western blotting and the protein level of IL-6 was detected by ELISA. Results: The mRNA expressions of PD-L1 in Eca109, Kyse150 and TE1 were 2.86±0.30, 960.01±21.27 and 106.78±6.67, higher than 1.07±0.15 in normal esophageal cell line HET-1A (P<0.01). The protein expressions of PD-L1 in Eca109, Kyse150 and TE1 were 0.091±0.036, 1.533±0.079 and 0.914±0.035, higher than 0.063±0.01 in normal esophageal cell line HET-1A (P<0.01). After 48 hours of 6 Gy irradiation, the protein expression levels of PD-L1 in Eca109, Kyse150 and TE1 were 0.135±0.007, 1.66±0.06 and 1.32±0.06, higher than 0.09±0.01, 1.21±0.05 and 0.93±0.03 of the 0 Gy group (P<0.01), while the protein expression levels of p-STAT3 in Eca109, Kyse150 and TE1 were 1.44±0.26, 0.75±0.04 and 1.92±0.17, higher than 0.18±0.05, 0.48±0.02 and 0.36±0.06 of the 0 Gy group (P<0.01). IL-6 protein expression increased significantly after different doses of irradiation (P<0.01). After the IL-6/STAT3 signaling pathway was blocked by the specific inhibitor AG490, the expressions of PD-L1 of Eca109, Kyse150 and TE1 in the 6 Gy+ AG490 groups were 0.11±0.03, 1.07±0.08 and 0.96±0.11, without significant differences of 0.09±0.01, 0.96±0.05 and 0.85±0.09 of the 0 Gy group (P>0.05), while the protein expressions of p-STAT3 were 0.76±0.11, 0.59±0.06 and 0.96±0.12, without significant differences of 0.67±0.08, 0.54±0.06 and 0.84±0.11 of the 0 Gy group (P>0.05). Conclusion: Radiotherapy may regulate the expression of PD-L1 in esophageal cancer cells through IL-6 / STAT3 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Esophageal Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Interleukin-6/metabolism , RNA, Messenger , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Signal Transduction
13.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 34-39, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934270

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the changes of macular morphology and blood flow after minimally invasive vitrectomy (PPV) in patients with severe non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (sNPDR).Methods:A prospective clinical study. From January 2020 to April 2021, 17 consecutive sNPDR patients with 17 eyes who were diagnosed and received PPV treatment at the Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center of Sun Yat-sen University were included in the study. There were 12 males with 12 eyes and 5 females with 5 eyes; the average age was 55 years old; the average duration of diabetes was 11 years; the average glycosylated hemoglobin was 7.9%. Before the operation and 1, 3, and 6 months after the operation, all the affected eyes underwent best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), standard 7-field fundus color photography, and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). An OCTA instrument was used to scan the macular area of the affected eye with in the range of 3 mm×3 mm to measure the central subfoveal thickness (CST), the thickness of the ganglion cell complex (GCC) in the macular area, the thickness of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), and the superficial capillary plexus (SCP) vessel density and perfusion density in the macular area, macular avascular zone (FAZ) area, a-circularity index (AI). Before the operation and 6 months after the operation, the least significant difference test was used for the pairwise comparison.Results:Before the operation, 1, 3, and 6 months after the operation, the FAZ area of the macular area were 0.34±0.14, 0.35±0.10, 0.37±0.10, 0.36±0.13 mm 2, respectively; AI were 0.52±0.13, 0.54±0.11, 0.57±0.10, 0.60±0.11; CST was 282.6±66.7, 290.4±70.9, 287.2±67.5, 273.2± 49.6 μm; GCC thickness were 77.1±15.5, 74.3±13.9, 72.6±16.2, 78.5±18.3 μm; the thickness of RNFL was 97.9±13.8, 101.3±14.6, 97.7±12.0, 96.1±11.4 μm, respectively. The overall blood flow density of SCP in the macula were (16.79±1.43)%, (16.71±1.82)%, (17.30±2.25)%, (17.35±1.22)%; the overall perfusion density were 0.32±0.02, 0.32±0.03, 0.33±0.03, 0.33±0.02, respectively. After the operation, the CST increased first and then decreased; the thickness of RNFL increased 1 month after the operation, and then gradually decreased. Comparison of the parameters before and 6 months after the operation showed that the AI improved, and the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.049); the difference in FAZ area and the thickness of CST, GCC, and RNFL was not statistically significant ( P=0.600, 0.694, 0.802, 0.712); There was no statistically significant difference in the retina SCP blood flow density and perfusion density in the macular area ( P=0.347, 0.361). Conclusion:Compared with before surgery, there is no significant change in macular structure and blood flow density in sNPDR patients within 6 months after minimally invasive PPV.

14.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 495-502, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935892

ABSTRACT

Objective: To screen and analyze the factors affecting the prognosis of replacing single missing tooth by autograft tooth, so as to provide reference for clinical judgment of surgical prognosis. Methods: A total of 176 patients (188 teeth) underwent autotransplantation of teeth in the Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Stomatology, The Fourth Military Medical University from January 2017 to December 2019, including 85 teeth of males and 103 teeth of females were involved. The age was (33.0±9.8) years (16-65 years). The possible factors affecting the prognosis of replacing single missing tooth by autograft tooth were summarized and grouped, and the clinical and imaging data were recorded and judged. The surgical records and photographic data from the patients' previous medical records were retrospectively analyzed. The survival analysis method was used for statistical analysis to screen out the factors affecting the cumulative survival rate of transplanted teeth. Results: The 5-year cumulative survival rate of 188 transplanted teeth was 88.4%. Univariate Log-Rank analysis showed that age (P<0.001), sex (P=0.008), smoking (P<0.001), position of recipient area (P<0.001), height of alveolar bone in recipient area (P<0.001), time of donor tooth in vitro (P<0.001), use of donor model (P<0.001) and initial stability (P<0.001) were significantly correlated with cumulative survival rate of transplanted teeth. Multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression analysis showed that smoking (β=-2.812, P=0.049), alveolar bone height (β=1.521, P=0.020), donor time (β=-2.001, P=0.019), use of donor model (β=1.666, P=0.034) and initial stability (β=-1.417, P=0.033) were significantly correlated with the cumulative survival rate of transplanted teeth. Conclusions: The prognosis of autogenous tooth transplantation can be predicted by smoking, height of alveolar bone in recipient area, time of donor teeth in vitro, use of donor model and initial stability. Good prognosis of transplanted teeth can be obtained by using donor model during operation, reducing the time of donor teeth in vitro, taking effective methods to restore alveolar bone height, maintaining good initial stability, and good oral health education after operation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Tooth/transplantation , Tooth Loss , Transplantation, Autologous , Treatment Outcome
15.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 1001-1007, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911920

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a rat model of neurogenic bladder and analyze the changes in kidney morphology and function and the expression of proteins in AngiotensinⅡ(AngⅡ)/transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1)/Smads pathway.Methods:Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into experimental group (spinal nerve amputation, n=36) and control group (sham operation, n=12). At 6, 12, and 24 weeks, the bladder compliance was measured by cystometry, the kidney morphology was detected by B-ultrasound, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine (Scr) in blood samples were examined, the kidney pathological changes were detected by Masson and HE staining, the distribution of AngⅡ/TGF-β1/Smads pathway proteins was analyzed by immunohistochemisty, and the protein expressions in kidney were detected by Western blotting. Results:Urodynamics showed that the basic bladder pressure in experimental group was higher than that in control group. B-ultrasound showed that compared with the control group, the diameter of the renal pelvis of the rats with nerve dissection gradually increased ( P<0.05), and the hydronephrosis was gradually obvious. Compared with the control group, the BUN and Scr in experimental group gradually increased (both P<0.01). Masson and HE staining showed that compared with the control group, the collagen expression and renal tubulointerstitial scores in experimental group were gradually increased (both P<0.01). Immunohistochemisty showed that compared with the control group, in experimental group the expression of angiotensinⅡ receptor type 1 (AT1), TGF-β receptor 1(TGF-βR1), phosphorylated Smad2 gradually increased (all P<0.01), the pathway inhibitor Smad6 gradually decreased ( P<0.01), and the distribution of each protein in kidney was consistent. Western blotting showed a corresponding expression trend with immunohistochemisty. Conclusions:In neurogenic bladder caused by bilateral spinal nerve amputation, due to bladder dysfunction, increased bladder pressure induces hydronephrosis, destruction of the nephron structure, activation of AngⅡ/TGF-β1/Smads pathway, and renal fibrosis. This method is effective and has clinical similarities, laying a foundation for exploring neurogenic bladder treatment.

16.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 47-50, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911174

ABSTRACT

Objective:The clinical heterogeneity of non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer is high, and precise and individualized treatment is required for different patients to achieve maximum benefits. Three cases of non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer were reported in this paper. One case received apalutamide + leproprillin treatment, one received radical prostatectomy, and one received radiotherapy + abiraterone treatment. After a period of follow-up, the three patients all benefited to varying degrees.

17.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 562-565, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910800

ABSTRACT

Hypoxia is a common phenomenon of solid tumor, which is closely related to the malignant proliferation, tumor progression, radiotherapy and chemotherapy resistance, treatment failure, and poor prognosis. At present, many researches focus on the application of medical imaging and nuclear medicine methods in detecting the hypoxic areas of tumors. This article focuses on the detection of hypoxia microenvironment and the application of PET tracers in tumor hypoxia imaging.

18.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1037-1040, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907898

ABSTRACT

Pediatric neurogenic bladder (PNB) is mostly caused by the dysplasia of lumbosacral spinal cord and nerve, and there is no effective treatment available at present.Bladder fibrosis occurs frequently in PNB, and the prevention and treatment of PNB fibrosis is still a challenge worldwide.Most PNBs develop bladder fibrosis over time, which is characterized by the thickened bladder wall, decreased bladder compliance, and obstruction of the bladder outlet.According to some studies, bladder fibrosis is not only related to bladder smooth muscle cells, but also epithelial cells and mesenchymal cells of bladder.However, the mechanism of fibrosis remains unclear.It has been reported that it is associated with the changes of transforming growth factor-β 1 (TGF-β 1)/ Smad, bladder high pressure and related angiotensin Ⅱ signal pathways.Although anti-fibrotic therapies that target a variety of factors have been employed in animal models, the clinical validation is still needed.It is required to conduct a further exploration on whether early clean intermittent catheterization could prevent the fibrosis in PNB patients with increased residual urine.In this paper, the research progress in PNB fibrosis would be reviewed, in order to provide reference for clinical practice.

19.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 1366-1376, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015862

ABSTRACT

Protein drugs play an extremely important role in the prevention and treatment of diseases. But the properties of macromolecules hinder their effects on intracellular targets. Among the existing delivery strategies, penetrating peptides are more suitable for clinical research and treatment, and have gradually become the most important tool to deliver protein drugs. Therefore, the development of safe and effective penetrating peptide delivery vehicles is of great significance to the basic research and clinical application of biomedicine. In this paper, a self-releasing intracellular transporter LCA2 based on the enterotoxin A2 domain is designed. This carrier is composed of three parts: a linker, self-releasing enzyme sensitive sites (Cs), and the transmembrane domain LTA2. The fluorescent protein mCherry was used as the model protein to detect the properties of LCA2. The results of electrophoresis showed that the high-purity mCherryLCA2 fusion protein was obtained from the engineered bacteria containing pET24a(+)-ma2 recombinant plasmids, and mCherry could be effectively separated from LCA2 by low concentration trypsin. It was observed under a fluorescence microscope that LCA2 could transport mCherry into different types of cells. Flow cytometry has detected that the transport capacity of LCA2 has certain cellular differences. Confocal microscope fluorescence analysis and Western blotting results showed that the mCherry was transported to the endoplasmic reticulum by the LCA2 carrier, separated from LCA2 by cleavage of enzyme sensitive sites and released into the cell. The CCK-8 results showed that there was no significant change in cell viability within the dose range of 5-40 μg/ mL. These results demonstrate that LCA2 is a safe and effective self-releasing delivery vehicle, which can transport and release active proteins or protein drugs into cells.

20.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 382-387, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985229

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the discrimination efficiency of the SeqType® P52 Human Ancestry Identification SNP Detection Kit based on a high-throughput sequencing platform in five Chinese ethnic groups. Methods Using the SeqType® P52 Human Ancestry Identification SNP Detection Kit based on a high-throughput sequencing platform, a total of 350 samples from Han, Tibetan, Mongolian, Uygur, and Yi populations in China were detected and population cluster analysis was performed. Results The effective sequencing depth of a single site in a single sample was ≥720×, and the average report rate was 96%. The mean values of allele frequency differences between the Tibetan, Mongolian, Uygur, Yi and Han population were 0.20, 0.05, 0.24 and 0.11, respectively. Using Structure 2.3.4 software under K=5 mode, independent ancestral component in Han, Tibetan and Uygur could be detected, which was consistent with the result observed from the principal component analysis (PCA). For the Yi population, two thirds of them had relatively independent ancestral component close to the Tibetan population and one third were similar to the Uygur population. The Mongolian population had similar ancestral origin component with Han population. Conclusion The composite detection system with 52 screened ancestry-informative SNP sites has been established in this study, which can effectively analyze the composition and individual genetic components of populations from Han, Tibetan and Uygur. The ability to discriminate among Han, Mongolian and Yi needs to be further improved. The SeqType® P52 Human Ancestry Identification SNP Detection Kit can be used to infer the origin of an individual's ancestors in some forensic DNA cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asian People/genetics , China , DNA , Ethnicity/genetics , Gene Frequency , Genetics, Population , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL