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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879043

ABSTRACT

Platycodon grandiflorum is a medicinal and edible medicinal material. Our study is aimed to explore the differences in the gene expression of P. grandiflorum in different growth years, and the expression rules of key genes in the biosynthesis of the main active substances of P. grandiflorum. Illumina Hiseq 4000 sequencing platform was used to sequence the transcriptome of P. grandiflorum in different years. Then, 59 654 unigenes were obtained through filtering, assembly, splicing and bioinformatics analysis of the sequencing data, of which 1 671 unigenes were differentially expressed between at least two samples. The results of cluster analysis showed that there was a great difference in the gene expression of P. grandiflorum from one-year-old to two/three-year-old. There were 1 128 different genes between one-and three-year old P. grandiflorum, and only 57 different genes between two-and three-year-old P. grandiflorum. KEGG enrichment results showed that the differential genes of P. grandiflorum in different years were mainly concentra-ted in the biosynthesis of sesquiterpenes and triterpenes, and the biosynthesis of terpenoid skeletons. In the triterpenoid biosynthesis-related pathways, a total of 15 unigenes were identified, involving 5 enzymes. The expression levels of ACAT, HMGR, FDFT1, SQLE decreased with the increase of the growth year of P. grandiflorum. The expression of HMGS was the highest in the one-year-old P. grandiflorum, followed by the three-year-old sample. This study provides useful data for the development of P. grandiflorum, and also provides a basis for the study of related genes in the biosynthetic pathway of platycodin.


Subject(s)
Gene Expression Profiling , Plant Roots , Platycodon/genetics , Saponins , Transcriptome , Triterpenes
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878882

ABSTRACT

The natural forest and artificial shed are the main cropping modes of Coptis chinensis. This study is aimed to reveal the rhizosphere soil bacterial community structure difference between under tow C. chinensis cropping modes-natural forest and artificial shed, and to assist us to completely understand soil quality condition,and provide theoretical guidance for soil improvement and C. chinensis planting. The rhizosphere soil samples of 1-5-year-old C. chinensis under tow cropping modes-natural forest and artificial shed were collected. Illumina high-throughput sequencing technology was used to analyze the alpha diversity, community composition, community structure of soil bacteria under the tow cropping modes,and the effects of soil nutriment indices on soil bacterial community structure. Through the analysis of species number, Shannon, Chao1 index and ACE index of bacterial community, it was found that the bacterial diversity of 1-year-old C. chinensis soil under natural forest cropping mode was significantly lower than that under artificial shed cropping mode, and the diversity of bacterial communities in soil of 2-5-years old C. chinensis were not significant different between two cropping modes. A total of 53 phyla,60 classes,140 orders and 266 families were detected in the rhizosphere soil of C. chinensis under the cropping modes of natural forest, respectively. The rhizosphere soil of C. chinensis under the cropping modes of artificial shed included 54 phyla,65 classes,140 orders and 264 families, respectively. Under the two cropping modes, the top 10 dominant species of bacterial community abundance are the same, they are Proteobacteria, Acidobacteria, Actinobacteria,Bacteroidetes, Planctomycetes, Chloroflexi, Verrucomicrobia, Gemmatimonadetes, Firmicutes and Cyanobacteria, but there are differences in the abundance sequence. The top 10 dominant species of bacterial community abundance accounted for 74.36% to 74.30% of the total bacteria, and 3.15% to 3.92% of the bacteria are unclassified. The results of Metastat analysis showed that the abundance of Gemmatimonadetes in the rhizosphere soil of C. chinensis under the cropping modes the artificial shed was significantly higher than that under the natural forest cropping mode(P<0.05). MRPP analysis of community structure differences showed that under tow cropping modes, there were significant differences in the bacterial community structure of 1-4-year-old soil bacteria, among which the difference between 1-year-old soil samples was the largest. With the increase of cropping years, the difference gradually decreases, and there is no significant difference in the bacterial community structure between 5-year-old soil samples. RDA analysis and correlation analysis of bacterial community structure and soil physical and chemical properties showed that the order of environmental factors on the rhizosphere soil bacteria of Coptis chinensis was: pH>available P> total P> total K>bulk density>total N>available N>organic matter. The results are helpful to understand the soil health of C. chinensis and provide scientific basis and theoretical guidance for soil improvement and C. chinensis planting.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Coptis , Forests , Humans , Infant , Rhizosphere , Soil , Soil Microbiology
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862706

ABSTRACT

<b>Objective::To establish the HPLC fingerprint of aqueous extract of Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium, and research the spectrum-effect relationship in diabetic cognitive dysfunction rats. <b>Method::The HPLC fingerprints of 21 batches of Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium were established, with acetonitrile (A)-0.1%of phosphoric acid (B) as the flow phase for gradient elution. The detection wavelength was 270 nm. Acomparative analysis was performed for the results based on similarity evaluation, SPSS 24.0 two-dimension clustering analysis and SIMCA 14.1 principal component analysis of fingerprint software. Thediabetic rat model wasduplicated by one-time intraperitoneal injection with streptozotocin (STZ) at the dose of 50 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>. After successful replication of the model, thediabetic rats were given aqueous extract of Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium by gavage. The blood glucose value was determined at regular intervals. The cognitive function was analyzed with Morris water maze experiment at the 12 week. Grey relational analysis (GRA) and partial least squares regression analysis were used to study the spectrum-effect relationship. <b>Result::Totally 16 common peaks of water extract of Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium were confirmed, five substances were identified, and 21 species of Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium of different varieties and origins were divided into 2 categories. Compared with the model group, the blood glucose of rats in each group treated with water extract of Citri Reticulatae Pericarpiumwere reduced, and their cognitive function was improved.According to the grey correlation analysis and the least partial square regression analysis, the peaks No. 19, 15, 4, 17 and 6 were significantly correlated with the cognitive function of diabetic rats. <b>Conclusion::There were some differences in aqueous extract of Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium between different varieties and origins. It is convenient and fast to make a comprehensive quality evaluation of aqueous extract of Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium of different varieties and producing areas by stoichiometry, and aqueous extract of Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium can reduce the blood glucose level and improve the cognitive function of diabetic cognitive dysfunction rats, its mechanisms of action are resultedfrom the joint effects of multiple effective components, and peaks No. 19, 15, 4, 17 and 6 are components closely related to the cognitive function of diabetic rats.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878802

ABSTRACT

In order to study the transcriptional differences of Citrus medica var. sarcodactylis at different developmental stages, we explored the genes regulating the biosynthesis of the effective components. In this study, Illumina Hiseq 4 000 high-throughput sequencing technology was used to sequence the transcriptome of C. medica var. sarcodactylis at different developmental stages, 121 235 unigenes were obtained with an average length of 2 434 bp, 3 379 different genes were obtained using DESeq screening, which mainly connected to biological processes such as signal transmission, biological regulation, and metabolic processes, and enriched in metabolic pathways such as starch, sucrose metabolism, phenylpropanoid biosynthesis, and flavonoid biosynthesis. Further dynamic comparison of biosynthesis related genes of active ingredients: the expression levels of PAL, CHI, CYP75B1, ZDS, 4CL and FLS gradually increased as the fruit turned from green to yellow; the expressions of COMT, F3H and CYP73A increased at first and then decreased; CCR, HCT and HRP were down-regulated whereas up-regulated. This study provides references for further excavation of key genes in the biosynthesis of active components, as well as biopathway analysis of active components for C. medica var. sarcodactylis.


Subject(s)
Citrus/genetics , Computational Biology , Fruit/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Transcriptome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-855999

ABSTRACT

Traumatic intracranial pseudoaneurysm is usually caused by blunt or penetrating head injuries. It lacks of real blood vessel wall and is covered only by a fragile connective tissue layer. Traumatic intracranial pseudoaneurysm mainly occurs in the carotid, cavernous and petrous segments of the internal carotid artery. A case of traumatic internal carotid artery pseudoaneurysm successfully treated with Tubridge flow diverter device was reported. The 32-year-old male patient was diagnosed as a pseudoaneurysm of the left internal carotid artery after a traffic accident, and received treatment with Tubridge flow diverter device one month later. After stents release, angiography showed obviously retained contrast agent in pseudoaneurysm, decreased aneurysm size and well-opened stents. The size of the pseudoaneurysm was found reduced by magnetic resonance angiography reexamination on the 4th day after the operation,and a further decrease on the 10th day by digital subtraction angiography (DSA) reexamination. Four months after the operation, DSA showed the aneurysm was completely cured.

6.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1289-1293, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781792

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupoint stimulation on the quality of recovery in patients with radical thyroidectomy under the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS).@*METHODS@#A total of 62 patients with radical thyroidectomy were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 31 cases in each one. In both of the two groups, general anesthesia with tracheal intubation was applied, the same anesthesia induction and maintenance medication were given. In the observation group, auricular point pressing with magnetic beads was adopted at bilateral shenmen (TF) and transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (dilatational wave, 2 Hz/100 Hz in frequency, 6 to 12 mA) was performed at bilateral Hegu (LI 4) and Neiguan (PC 6) from 30 min before anesthesia induction to the end of the anesthesia. In the control group, medical adhesive plaster was pasted at bilateral shenmen (TF) and the electrodes were plastered at bilateral Hegu (LI 4) and Neiguan (PC 6) with no corresponding stimulation. In both of the two groups, visual analogue scale for anxiety (VAS-A) score was observed to evaluate the anxiety severity before anesthesia induction; the total intraoperative dosages of sufentanil, remifentanil and propofol were recorded; the numerical rating scale (NRS) score was used to assess the pain severity of instant time (T0) and 30 min (T1) of entering post-anesthesia recovery room (PACU), motor and static mode at 2 h (T2), 6 h (T3), 12 h (T4), 24 h (T5) after surgery; time of first anal exhaust, time of getting out of bed after surgery, total hospitalization time and the incidences of postoperative nausea and vomiting were observed; the quality of recovery was assessed by the 40-item quality of recovery score (QoR-40).@*RESULTS@#The VAS-A score and the total intraoperative dosage of remifentanil in the observation group were reduced compared with the control group (0.05). The time of first anal exhaust and getting out of bed after surgery in the observation group were advanced than those in the control group (0.05). Compared with the control group, the QoR-40 score was increased in the observation group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupoint stimulation can improve the preoperative anxiety in patients with radical thyroidectomy, reduce the intraoperative anesthetic dosage and postoperative pain, advance the time of anal exhaust and getting out of bed, improve the quality of postoperative recovery and enhance the recovery process.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Humans , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting , Thyroidectomy , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation
7.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 450-456 463, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773762

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise on the differential expression of rat atrial muscle Proteomics and genes, which provide research basis for the rehabilitation of chronic cardiovascular diseases and exercise -induced cardiac remodeling research.@*METHODS@#Twenty male SD rats were randomly divided into control group and experimental group (=10) according to body weight. Rats in the experimental group were trained (6 days per week),which lasted for 4 weeks of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise at a rate of 24 m·min for 40 min (load intensity equivalent to 60%~70% VO). The proteins were separated by two dimensional gel electrophoresis, and the tandem time-of- flight mass spectrometer technique was used to identify 13 candidate target protein spots. The expression levels of these 13 protein spots were up-regulated more than 5 times or down -regulated to below 1/5. The mRNA of six target proteins were detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).@*RESULTS@#By software analysis, the experimental group compared with the control group, there were 8 protein points which their expression reduced more than 4/5 and 5 protein points up-regulated more than 5 times, 13 proteins were identified by mass spectrometry protein spots, the final identification results acquired 8 proteins and a unknown protein of molecular mass 54 KDa, such as:pyruvate dehydrogenase E1α1, mitochondrial aconitate hydratase, protein disulfide isomerase A3, methylmalonic acid semialdehyde dehydrogenase, mitochondrial dihydrolipoic acid dehydrogenase, isovaleryl coenzyme A dehydrogenase, glutathione synthetase, mitogen-activated protein kinase 3 and so on. Compared with the control group, the mRNA expression of methylmalonic acid semialdehyde dehydrogenase in the atrial muscle of rats was decreased after 4 weeks of moderate aerobic exercise (0.05); The mRNA expression level of isopentenyl-CoA dehydrogenase was increased (>0.05). The results indicated that the mRNA expression level was not completely consistent with the changes in mass spectrometry identification results.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The 4 weeks moderate-intensity aerobic exercise induced ignificant changes of rats atrial muscle protemics. The majority of the 13 identified target proteins in this experiment are energy metabolism enzymes. The majority of the expression of the target protein and the mRNA expression in the atrial muscle is inconsistent and different. Exercise may affect the regulation of gene transcription or downstream translation and modification of these target proteins, resulting in the change of differential expression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Male , Muscles , Physical Conditioning, Animal , Proteomics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773575

ABSTRACT

According to folk usage of Aconitum carmichaelii Debx., the present study was designed to determine the feasibility of the stems and leaves of Aconitum carmichaelii Debx. as a new medicinal resource. Fourteen alkaloids in mother roots, fibrous roots, stems, and leaves of Aconitum carmichaelii Debx. were measured by HPLC-MS/MS. And multivariate analysis methods, such as clustering analysis and principal component analysis, were applied to analyze the difference among various parts. In addition, the acute toxicity, analgesia, and anti-inflammatory tests were carried out. The results suggested that the contents of alkaloids in mother roots and fibrous roots were approximate, but those of leaves and stems were different from mother roots and fibrous roots. The results of the acute toxicity testing demonstrated the toxicity of fibrous root was strongest, and mother roots were slightly less toxic than fibrous roots. The stems and leaves were far less toxic than mother and fibrous roots. In addition, the analgesia and inflammatory tests showed the effects of the various tissues had no difference each other. These results provided a basis for developing new complementary and alternative treatments for rheumatoid arthritis patients. Simultaneously, the approach may also turn wastes into treasure and promote the development of circular economy.


Subject(s)
Aconitum , Chemistry , Alkaloids , Chemistry , Toxicity , Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Chemistry , Toxicity , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Drug Therapy , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Toxicity , Female , Humans , Male , Mice , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
9.
JCPSP-Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan. 2018; 28 (9): 711-713
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-199497

ABSTRACT

The report describes the clinical efficacy of improved Krackow method combined with unilateral mattress suture for treating fresh Achilles tendon rupture. The clinical data of 19 patients, 18 males [94.7%] and one female [5.3%], with recent Achilles tendon rupture undergoing the above procedure at Department of Orthopaedics, Orthopaedic Hospital Guizhou Province, Guiyang, China, from May 2013 to May 2016, were retrospectively analysed. The enrolled patients were aged from 19 to 56 years. The injury time to operation time was 1-10 days with an average of 2.9 days. Postoperative curative effectiveness was evaluated according to the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society [AOFAS] Ankle- Hindfoot postoperative function score. All patients remained under an OPD follow-up from 7 to 18 months [average 11.8 months]. Among them, incision of 16 patients healed by primary intention. Incision edge of three patients showed darkening and effusion, without recovery after change of dressings. No sural nerve injury or re-rupture of Achilles tendon were noted and the AOFAS score was 97.4. Improved Krackow method with unilateral mattress suture has good curative effectiveness to skin and tendon, reducing the risk of Achilles tendon re-rupture, skin infections, and necrosis

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851842

ABSTRACT

Objective: The genetic variation and relationship of 47 pieces of Gardenia jasminoides germplasms were analyzed by SCoT molecular markers. Methods: The genetic similarity coefficient was calculated by NTSYS version 2.1 software and the dendrogram was constructed by UPGMA method. Results: More than 20 polymorphic primers were screened from 36 primers and PCR amplificated to test materials. The primers generated totally 154 bands among which 120 bands were found to be polymorphic, with an average of 78.14%. The genetic similarity coefficient among the germplasms ranged from 0.655 8 to 0.980 5, and the average content was 0.784 1. The clustering results showed that the genetic diversity of G. jasminoides was rich and the genetic relationship was complex. Conclusion: SCoT markers were feasible and effective to analyze the genetic diversity of G. jasminoides germplasm resources. The results provide a reliable theoretical basis for breeding, classification, preservation and utilization of G. jasminoides.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812364

ABSTRACT

According to folk usage of Aconitum carmichaelii Debx., the present study was designed to determine the feasibility of the stems and leaves of Aconitum carmichaelii Debx. as a new medicinal resource. Fourteen alkaloids in mother roots, fibrous roots, stems, and leaves of Aconitum carmichaelii Debx. were measured by HPLC-MS/MS. And multivariate analysis methods, such as clustering analysis and principal component analysis, were applied to analyze the difference among various parts. In addition, the acute toxicity, analgesia, and anti-inflammatory tests were carried out. The results suggested that the contents of alkaloids in mother roots and fibrous roots were approximate, but those of leaves and stems were different from mother roots and fibrous roots. The results of the acute toxicity testing demonstrated the toxicity of fibrous root was strongest, and mother roots were slightly less toxic than fibrous roots. The stems and leaves were far less toxic than mother and fibrous roots. In addition, the analgesia and inflammatory tests showed the effects of the various tissues had no difference each other. These results provided a basis for developing new complementary and alternative treatments for rheumatoid arthritis patients. Simultaneously, the approach may also turn wastes into treasure and promote the development of circular economy.


Subject(s)
Aconitum , Chemistry , Alkaloids , Chemistry , Toxicity , Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Chemistry , Toxicity , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Drug Therapy , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Toxicity , Female , Humans , Male , Mice , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687399

ABSTRACT

In order to study the pathways of biosynthesis of flavonoids in Sophora japonica, 113 797 unigenes were obtained by Trinity software, with an average length of 803 bp, of which 72 752 unigenes were obtained from the database by high-throughput sequencing, and a total of 38 891 SSR loci were searched. Through the metabolic pathway analysis, we found that there were 135 unigenes involved in the biosynthesis of flavonoids and 959 unigene involved in other secondary metabolic pathways. Further analysis of genes involved in rutin biosynthesis revealed that 24 were associated with CHS, 52 were associated with FLS, and 11 were associated with UFGT. The obtained data of S. japonica transcriptome lays the foundation for studying the pathways of biosynthesis of flavonoids in S. japonica and provides theoretical basis for the formation of the quality of S. japonica.

13.
Journal of Jilin University(Medicine Edition) ; (6): 1121-1124,前插3, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668082

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the expressions of ovarian function-related proteins in the ovarian follicles in different development stages,and to explore their roles and significances in the regulation of follicular development and ovarian function. Methods:The ovarian tissue containing primordial,primary,secondary follicles,mature follicles, atretic follicles and corpus albicans of the woman in the childbearing age was selected. Immunohisto chemical analysis was used to detect the expressions of Glyoxal enzyme I (glyoxalase I),ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCH-L1),heat shock protein 27 (HSP27),serum amyloid P (SAP)proteins in the ovarian follicles in different stages.The expression intensities of these proteins were compared.Results:The expression intensities of Glyoxalase I and UCH-L1 in the granulosa cells and theca cells of secondary follicles and marure follicles were strong,which were higher than those in the cytoplasm of primordial and primary follicles.The expression intensities of HSP27 in the cytoplasm of primordial and primary follicles were strong,which were higher than those in the granulosa cells and theca cells of secondary follicles and marure follicles.The expression intensities of Glyoxalase I and HSP27 in the atretic follicles were strong,which were higher than that in the growth follicles. The expressions of SAP were positive in the primordial,primary follicles,secondary and mature follicles and the expression intensities were not different.The expressions of four proteins in the corpus albicans did not express. Conclusion:The high expression of UCH-L1 and low expression of HSP27 are associated with the mature and development of follicles;the high expressions of Glyoxalase I and HSP27 are associated with the follicular atresia and ovarian failure.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663466

ABSTRACT

A device to produce low temperature plasma ( LTP) was designed and constructed to serve as the ion source of a high resolution mass spectrometry, and was applied to qualitatively analyze the steroid samples. In comparison with conventional electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, low temperature plasma mass spectrometry ( LTP-MS) had some advantages such as simple sample pretreatment and less interference. Mass spectrometry and tandem mass spectrometry were used to characterize the steroid samples in this research, and it was found that the structural stability of each steroid sample was presented in its mass spectrum, while in the tandem mass spectra there were more fragments of H2 O lost. And then the fragmentation process of typical steroid samples in collision induced dissociation ( CID ) was discussed based on theoretical calculation. In addition, by comparing tandem mass spectrometry and the fragmentation process, a pair of isomers of testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone could be distinguished successfully.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275510

ABSTRACT

The genetic diversity and genetic relationship among four medicinal species of Coptis were detected by the approach of sequence-related amplified polymorphism (SCoT). The associated genetic parameters were calculated by POPGENE1.31. The systematic diagram of genetic relationship were clustered by TREECONW. The results showed that a total of 434 bands were produced by using 28 primers, of which 430 were polymorphic loci. There was a high level of genetic diversity among species (PPB=99.1%,Na=1.990 6,Ne=1.329 3,H=0.212 2,I=0.337 8). However, genetic diversity was lower within species, the average of genetic parameters wasPPB=16.8%,Na=1.168 2, Ne=1.073 0,H=0.043 7,I=0.067 7. The Nei's genetic differentiation coefficient was 0.794 0, that indicated that most of the genetic variation existed among species. By clustering analysis, different individuals gathered in the same group. The results confirmed that SCoT marker can be used as one of the effective methods to reveal the genetic diversity and relationship among medicinal species of Coptis.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230980

ABSTRACT

The present study aims to investigate the effects of Xuesaitong (XST)injection on inflammation induced by OGD/reoxygenation in BV2 microglia cell and explore the underlying mechanisms.The effects of XST injection were evaluated in terms of cell viability, secretion of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-10 into culture media, protein expression of p-ERK1/2, p-JNK and p-p38, and nuclear translocation of NF-κB p65. The results showed that XST injection significantly increased cell viability, suppressed release of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-10 and down-regulated p-JNK1/2 and p-p38 MAPK expression in BV2 microglia cells induced by OGD/R injury, whereas it had no effect on p-ERK1/2 expression. Furthermore, XST injection suppressed nuclear translocation of NF-κB p65 in BV2 microglia after OGD/R injury. These data indicate that the neuroprotective effects of XST injection on OGD/R injury are associated with its inhibition of pro-inflammatory mediator production, down-regulation of JNK1/2 and p38 MAPK activation, and suppression of NF-κB p65 nuclear translocation in BV2 microglia cells.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258494

ABSTRACT

To investigate the profile of gene function and search for SSR, a new technology of high-throughput Solexa/Illumina sequencing was used to generate the root transcriptome of Scrophularia ningpoensis, and 65 602 036 raw reads were obtained. Based on the bioinformatics analysis and Trinity, 73 983 unigenes were obtained with an average length of 823 bp. The comparison of sequence homology in database showed that 56 389 unigenes had different degrees of homology. A total of 520 metabolic pathways related genes and 191 relDODO transcription factors were identified by the Swiss-Prot, GO, KEGG and COG.The 11 659 SSRs were found by MISA and the highest frequency was AG/CT. In this study, we obtained numerous SSRs to provide references for the study of functional gene cloning and genetic diversity of S. ningpoensis. The key genes involved in the secondary metabolism are the basis for the study of biosynthesis and regulatory mechanism of the secondary metabolites.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275139

ABSTRACT

In order to understand the associated species and the population distribution pattern, the investigation of 32 sample plotsfrom the main natural distribution area in Dipsacus asperoides community was carried by quadrat method .The results showed that there were 156 species, which belong to 131 genera and 60 families. There were more species in the two dominant families, Asteraceae and Rosaceae. There were many types of associated, but most appeared at a low frequency. The vegetation type were mostly herbaceous and shrub species, which accounted for 77.6% of the total species. The value of t was greater than t0.05 by methods of variance/mean, showed the difference was significant and the distribution pattern of D. asperoides were cluster distribution. The determination results of seven aggregation intensity index also showed that D. asperoides population accorded with the characteristics of cluster distribution(C>1,K>0,Ca>0,m*>1,m*/m>1,I>0,GI>0).

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637987

ABSTRACT

Background The pathogenic mechanism of thyroid associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) is still unclear,which is considered to be an autoimmune disease.It is confirmed that interleukin-17A (IL-17A) plays an important role in the occurrence and development of many autoimmune diseases.It is unclear that whether IL-17A participates in the pathogenesis of TAO.Objective This study was to explore whether IL-17A secreted by coculture system of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and orbital fibroblasts (OFs) participates in the pathogenesis of TAO and its possible mechanism.Methods Periphery blood and orbital connective tissue were obtained from 12 patients with TAO and 8 patients who received prosthesis implantation for eyeball atrophy in Xiangya Hospital during April to December 2014.PBMCs were isolated by density gradient centrifugation,and OFs were cultured by explant culture method.The purity of T leukomonocyte in PBMCs was tested by flow cytometry,and OFs were identified by Giemsa staining and immunochemistry.OFs and PMBCs were incubated into 96-well plate in a 1:20 proportion to establish co-culture system.Different concentrations of phytagglutinin (PHA) (0,1.0,2.5,5.0,10.0 μg/ml) was added for 72 hours,and IL-6,IL-17A levels in the co-culture system supernatant and IL-17A receptor (IL-17RA) of the total cell membranes in the co-culture system were assayed by ELISA.The differences of IL-6,IL-17A,IL-17RA levels in co-culture system were compared between the TAO group and control group.Results The mean purity of T leukomonocyte in PBMCs was (81.10±0.21)% in the TAO group and (80.05 ±0.38)% in the control group respectively,with no significant difference between them(t =0.923,P>0.05).Cultured OFs showed the positive response for Vimentin expression and Giemsa staining.After stimulated by 1.0 μg/ml PHA,the proliferation of both PBMCs and OFs were increased in the co-culture system.Apoptosis exist in PBMCs and the number of OFs decreased when PHA was higher than 1.0 μg/ml.The growth of PBMCs and OFs was faster in the TAO group than that in the control group in the same concentration of PHA.The contents of IL-6,IL-17A and IL-17RA in co-culture system were significantly different among various concentrations of PHA subgroups (IL-6:Fgroup =12.561,P=0.000;F ion =23.356,P =0.001.IL-17A:Fgroup =12.037,P =0.000;Fconcentration =19.206,P=0.000.IL-17RA:Fgroup =16.216,P=0.000;Fconcentraction =4.627,P=0.018).The production of IL-6,IL-17A and IL-17RA reached peak in both TAO group and the control group after 1.0 μg/ml PHA stimulated.However,the concentrations of IL-6,IL-17A and IL-17RA reduced with the increase of PHA concentration.The concentrations of IL-6,IL-17A and IL-17RA in co-culture system were significantly higher in the TAO group than those in the control group under the stimulation of the same concentration of PHA (all at P<0.05).Conclusions The co-culture system of PBMCs and OFs stimulated with PHA can be the imitation of TAO pathogenesis in vitro,and PHA can amplify its immune reaction to imitate TAO pathogenic processes intuitively.The IL-6,IL-17A and IL-17RA secreted by PBMCs and induced by PHA are increased in TAO patients,implying that IL-17A participates in the pathogenesis of TAO through magnifying cellular immune response and inflammatory reaction.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502733

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine how work stress influences somatization and work burnout, especially concerning for the difference between work load and interpersonal relationship stress in the correlation with work burnout. Methods Using cross-sectional design and questionnaire survey method, participants were 455 female nurses recruited from nine hospitals in Nanjing, China. Results The results revealed that work load and interpersonal relationship stress positively predicted somatization (βwork load=0.33,βinterpersonal relationship stres =0.22, P 0.05). Conclusions There are significant differences between work load and interpersonal relationship stress in the correlation with work burnout.

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