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1.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 277-285, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985652

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the treatment and maternal and fetal outcomes of pregnant women with aortic dissection (AD). Methods: The clinical data of 11 pregnant women with AD treated at the First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University from January 1st, 2011 to August 1st, 2022 were collected, and their clinical characteristics, treatment plans and maternal and fetal outcomes were analyzed retrospectively. Results: (1) Clinical characteristics: the age of onset of 11 pregnant women with AD was (30±5) years old, and the week of pregnancy of onset was (31.4±8.0) weeks. Clinical manifestations: the main symptoms were sudden onset of chest and back pain or low back pain. Type of AD: 8 cases of Stanford type A, and 3 cases of type B. The aortic width was (42±11) mm. Diagnostic methods: the diagnosis of AD was confirmed by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), computed tomography angiography (CTA) or enhanced CT examination, among which 4 cases were confirmed by CTA examination, 4 cases by TTE examination, and 3 cases by enhanced CT examination. Laboratory results: white blood cell count was (15.4±8.7) ×109/L, neutrophil count was (13.5±8.5) ×109/L, the median D-dimer level was 2.7 mg/L (2.1-9.2 mg/L), and the median fibrin degradation products level was 12.0 mg/L (5.4-36.1 mg/L). (2) Treatments: all 11 patients were admitted to hospital in emergency. Before operation, the departments of cardiac surgery, obstetrics, pediatrics and anesthesiology cooperated to develop individualized treatment plan. Aortic surgery was performed in 11 pregnant women with AD. In 6 of them, pregnancy termination was performed at the same time as aortic surgery, and aortic surgery was performed after cesarean section. Four cases of pregnancy termination and aortic operation were performed by stages, including aortic operation after cesarean section in 2 cases, and cesarean section after aortic operation in 2 cases. One case (12+6 weeks of gestation) had spontaneous abortion on the day after aortic surgery. The gestational age of the 11 patients on pregnancy termination was (32.9±7.4) weeks. Aorta surgical methods: 7 patients received under extracorporeal circulation ascending aorta replacement ± aortic valve replacement ± coronary artery transplantation (or coronary artery bypass transplantation)± left and right coronary Cabrol + total arch replacement (or aortic arch replacement)± stent implantation, 1 patient received under extracorporeal circulation aortic root replacement, and 3 patients underwent aortic endoluminal isolation. (3) Maternal and fetal outcomes: among the 11 pregnant women with AD, 9 (9/11) survived, 2 (2/11) died with lower limb ischemia before the onset of the disease. A total of 10 newborns were born in 9 pregnant women after delivery (1 of them was twins), and the 2 cases were spontaneous abortion after aortic surgery in the first trimester (12+6 weeks) and fetal death after hysterotomy in the second trimester (26+3 weeks), respectively. Among the 10 surviving neonates, 3 were full-term infants and 7 were premature infants. The birth weight of newborn was (2 651±784) g. Respiratory distress syndrome was found in 6 cases. The newborns were followed up for (5.6±3.6) years after birth, and the infants developed well during the follow-up period. Conclusions: Pregnancy complicated with AD is dangerous, and chest and back pain is the main clinical manifestation of this disease. With early identification and selection of appropriate diagnostic methods, multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment, mother and children could obtain good outcomes.


Subject(s)
Infant , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Female , Child , Adult , Abortion, Spontaneous , Cesarean Section , Retrospective Studies , Aortic Dissection/surgery , Fetal Death
2.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 57-63, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970755

ABSTRACT

Objective: To preliminarily explore the mechanism of tensile stress regulating endochondral osteogenesis of condyle by analyzing the expression profiles of significantly different microRNAs (miRNAs) in exosomes of rat mandibular condylar chondrocytes (MCC) under quiescent and cyclic tensile strain (CTS) conditions. Methods: Rat condylar chondrocytes were cultured under static and CTS conditions respectively (10 SD rats, male, 2 weeks old), and exosomes were extracted. The two groups of exosomes were named as control group and CTS group respectively. The differential expression miRNAs were screened by high-throughput sequencing. Bioinformatics analysis and prediction of target genes related to osteogenesis were performed by TargetScan and miRanda website. Results: The exosomes of rat condylar chondrocytes cultured under tensile stress showed a "double concave disc" monolayer membrane structure, the expression of CD9 and CD81 were positive, and the particle size distribution accorded with the characteristics of exosomes, which was consistent with that of static cultured rat condylar chondrocytes. A total of 85 miRNAs with significantly different expression were detected by high-throughput sequencing (P<0.05). The main biological processes and molecular functions of differential miRNAs were biological processes and protein binding, respectively. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) database pathway enrichment analysis showed that there was significant enrichment in mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signal pathway. The candidate target genes of miR-199a-5p include bone morphogenetic protein 3 (BMP3), endothelin converting enzyme 1, and miR-186-5p may target Smad8 and BMP3 to exert osteogenesis-related functions. Conclusions: Compared with static state, tensile stress stimulation can change the expression of miRNAs such as miR-199a-5p, miR-186-5p in the exocrine body of rat condylar chondrocytes, which can be considered as a mean to regulate the application potential of the exosomes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 3 , Chondrocytes/metabolism , Mandibular Condyle , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Stress, Mechanical
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1319-1329, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970603

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the biological effects and underlying mechanisms of the total ginsenosides from Panax ginseng stems and leaves on lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-induced acute lung injury(ALI) in mice. Sixty male C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, the total ginsenosides from P. ginseng stems and leaves normal administration group(61.65 mg·kg~(-1)), and low-, medium-, and high-dose total ginsenosides from P. ginseng stems and leaves groups(15.412 5, 30.825, and 61.65 mg·kg~(-1)). Mice were administered for seven continuous days before modeling. Twenty-four hours after modeling, mice were sacrificed to obtain lung tissues and calculate lung wet/dry ratio. The number of inflammatory cells in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF) was detected. The levels of interleukin-1β(IL-1β), interleukin-6(IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) in BALF were detected. The mRNA expression levels of IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α, and the levels of myeloperoxidase(MPO), glutathione peroxidase(GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase(SOD), and malondialdehyde(MDA) in lung tissues were determined. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to observe the pathological changes in lung tissues. The gut microbiota was detected by 16S rRNA sequencing, and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS) was applied to detect the content of short-chain fatty acids(SCFAs) in se-rum. The results showed that the total ginsenosides from P. ginseng stems and leaves could reduce lung index, lung wet/dry ratio, and lung damage in LPS-induced ALI mice, decrease the number of inflammatory cells and levels of inflammatory factors in BALF, inhibit the mRNA expression levels of inflammatory factors and levels of MPO and MDA in lung tissues, and potentiate the activity of GSH-Px and SOD in lung tissues. Furthermore, they could also reverse the gut microbiota disorder, restore the diversity of gut microbiota, increase the relative abundance of Lachnospiraceae and Muribaculaceae, decrease the relative abundance of Prevotellaceae, and enhance the content of SCFAs(acetic acid, propionic acid, and butyric acid) in serum. This study suggested that the total ginsenosides from P. ginseng stems and leaves could improve lung edema, inflammatory response, and oxidative stress in ALI mice by regulating gut microbiota and SCFAs metabolism.


Subject(s)
Mice , Male , Animals , Ginsenosides/pharmacology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Interleukin-6 , Panax/genetics , Lipopolysaccharides/adverse effects , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Acute Lung Injury/genetics , Lung/metabolism , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism , Plant Leaves/metabolism , RNA, Messenger
4.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 375-379, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982752

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical significance of multigene assay in papillary thyroid carcinoma(PTC). Methods:Patients who underwent thyroidectomy in a tertiary hospital from August 2021 to May 2022 were enrolled. The eight-gene panel was used to detect the tumor tissue of patients, and the correlation between gene mutations and clinical features was analyzed. Results:Among 161 patients, mutation rate of BRAF V600E, RET/PTC1 and TERT promotor were 82.0%, 6.8% and 4.3%, respectively. BRAF V600E mutation was more common in male patients(P=0.023). TERT promotor-mutated tumors had a large diameter(P=0.019), a high proportion of multifocal lesions(P=0.050), and a large number of lymph node metastases(P=0.031). Among 89 patients who completed preoperative BRAF detection, there was a strong consistency between the preoperative aspiration test and postoperative panel(Cohen κ=0.694, 95%CI: 0.482-0.906, P<0.01). In the hematoxylin-eosin sections obtained from 80 patients, BRAF V600E was still the main type of gene mutation, and the classical/follicular type was more distributed. TERT promotor and RET/PTC1 mutation were the main genetic events for tall-cell/columnar/hobnail type and diffuse sclerosing type, respectively. One-way ANOVA showed that there were differences in diagnosis age(P=0.029) and tumor size(P<0.01) among different pathological types. Conclusion:As a simple and feasible clinical detection method for PTC, the multigene assay can supplement the identification of important genetic events other than BRAF V600E, and provide more prognostic information and follow-up hints for postoperative patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/genetics , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/genetics , Clinical Relevance , Carcinoma, Papillary/pathology , Mutation
5.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 350-368, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982548

ABSTRACT

Mammals exhibit limited heart regeneration ability, which can lead to heart failure after myocardial infarction. In contrast, zebrafish exhibit remarkable cardiac regeneration capacity. Several cell types and signaling pathways have been reported to participate in this process. However, a comprehensive analysis of how different cells and signals interact and coordinate to regulate cardiac regeneration is unavailable. We collected major cardiac cell types from zebrafish and performed high-precision single-cell transcriptome analyses during both development and post-injury regeneration. We revealed the cellular heterogeneity as well as the molecular progress of cardiomyocytes during these processes, and identified a subtype of atrial cardiomyocyte exhibiting a stem-like state which may transdifferentiate into ventricular cardiomyocytes during regeneration. Furthermore, we identified a regeneration-induced cell (RIC) population in the epicardium-derived cells (EPDC), and demonstrated Angiopoietin 4 (Angpt4) as a specific regulator of heart regeneration. angpt4 expression is specifically and transiently activated in RIC, which initiates a signaling cascade from EPDC to endocardium through the Tie2-MAPK pathway, and further induces activation of cathepsin K in cardiomyocytes through RA signaling. Loss of angpt4 leads to defects in scar tissue resolution and cardiomyocyte proliferation, while overexpression of angpt4 accelerates regeneration. Furthermore, we found that ANGPT4 could enhance proliferation of neonatal rat cardiomyocytes, and promote cardiac repair in mice after myocardial infarction, indicating that the function of Angpt4 is conserved in mammals. Our study provides a mechanistic understanding of heart regeneration at single-cell precision, identifies Angpt4 as a key regulator of cardiomyocyte proliferation and regeneration, and offers a novel therapeutic target for improved recovery after human heart injuries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mice , Rats , Cell Proliferation , Heart/physiology , Mammals , Myocardial Infarction/metabolism , Myocytes, Cardiac/metabolism , Pericardium/metabolism , Single-Cell Analysis , Zebrafish/metabolism
6.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 672-677, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982011

ABSTRACT

In December 2022, the American Academy of Pediatrics released a clinical guideline for point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The guideline outlined the development and current status of POCUS in the NICU, and summarized the key elements and implementation guidelines for successful implementation of POCUS in the NICU. This article provides an overview of the key points of the clinical guideline and analyzes the current status of POCUS in China, providing a reference for the implementation of POCUS in neonatal care in China.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Humans , Child , United States , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Point-of-Care Systems , Ultrasonography , China
7.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 930-939, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002750

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Sex differences have been observed in many aspects of schizophrenia, including cognitive deficits. Despite extensive research into the relationship between metabolic factors and cognitive deficits in schizophrenia, few studies have explored the potential sex difference in their association. @*Methods@#We recruited 358 schizophrenia patients and 231 healthy controls. The participants underwent measurements of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, blood pressure, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and fasting blood glucose. Metabolic risk factors included abdominal obesity, hypertension, hyperglycemia, and dyslipidemia. A collection of these metabolic risk factors has been defined as metabolic syndrome. These diagnoses were based on the criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program’s Adult Treatment Panel III. Cognitive performance was measured using the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS). A descriptive analysis, difference analysis, and linear regression model were used to identify the metabolic risk factors for cognitive function in schizophrenia. @*Results@#Our findings revealed sex differences in the rate of abdominal obesity and hypertension in schizophrenic patients. Additionally, we observed sex differences in the association between metabolic risk factors and cognitive impairment in schizophrenia. Specifically, hyperglycemia was associated with the immediate memory index score of RBANS in male patients, while dyslipidemia was associated with language, attention, delayed memory index scores, and RBANS total score in female patients. @*Conclusion@#Our results suggest that sex should be considered when evaluating the impact of metabolic disorders on the cognitive function of schizophrenic patients. Moreover, our study identifies hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia as potential targets for precise treatment by sex stratification, which could benefit the improvement of cognitive impairment in schizophrenic patients.

8.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 428-432, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928626

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the significance of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-27 (IL-27) in the differential diagnosis of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS) in preterm infants.@*METHODS@#The preterm infants with the manifestation of respiratory distress who were treated in the Neonatal Diagnosis and Treatment Center, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, from March to November 2021, were enrolled in this prospective study. According to the diagnosis results, they were divided into two groups: ARDS group (n=18) and NRDS group (n=20). ELISA was used to measure the plasma levels of IL-6 and IL-27. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the value of each index in the diagnosis of ARDS.@*RESULTS@#The ARDS group had significantly higher plasma levels of IL-6 and IL-27 than the NRDS group (P<0.05). The ROC curve analysis showed that IL-6 had an area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.867 for the diagnosis of ARDS, with a sensitivity of 61.1% and a specificity of 95.0% at the cut-off value of 56.21 pg/mL. The ROC curve analysis also showed that IL-27 had an AUC of 0.881 for the diagnosis of ARDS, with a sensitivity of 83.3% and a specificity of 80.0% at the cut-off value of 135.8 pg/mL.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Plasma IL-6 and IL-27 can be used as biological indicators for early differential diagnosis of ARDS and NRDS in preterm infants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Diagnosis, Differential , Infant, Premature , Interleukin-27/blood , Interleukin-6/blood , Pilot Projects , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , ROC Curve , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/diagnosis , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/diagnosis
9.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 97(4): 409-413, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287037

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study aimed to identify the predictors and threshold of failure in neonatal acute respiratory distress syndrome. Methods Newborns with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome aged 0-28 days and gestational age ≥36 weeks were included in the study if their cases were managed with non-extra corporal membrane oxygenation treatments. Patients were divided into two groups according to whether they died before discharge. Predictors of non-extra corporal membrane oxygenation treatment failure were sought, and the threshold of predictors was calculated. Results A total of 103 patients were included in the study. A total of 77 (74.8%) survived hospitalization and were discharged, whereas 26 (25.2%) died. Receiver operating characteristic analysis of oxygen index, pH, base excess, and combinations of these indicators demonstrated the advantage of the combination of oxygen index and base excess over the others variables regarding their predictive ability. The area under the curve for the combination of oxygen index and base excess was 0.865. When the cut-off values of oxygen index and base excess were 30.0 and −7.4, respectively, the sensitivity and specificity for predicting death were 77.0% and 84.0%, respectively. The model with base excess added a net reclassification improvement of 0.090 to the model without base excess. Conclusion The combination of oxygen index and base excess can be used as a predictor of outcomes in neonates receiving non-extra corporal membrane oxygenation treatment for acute respiratory distress syndrome. In neonates with acute respiratory distress syndrome, if oxygen index >30 and base excess <−7.4, non-extra corporal membrane oxygenation therapy is likely to lead to death.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/therapy , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Respiratory Insufficiency , Oxygen , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy
10.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 53-58, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908522

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of inhaled nitric oxide (NO) in gestational age ≤34 weeks preterm infants using meta-analysis.Method:A search from PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central library, China National Knowledge Internet, China biomedical literature database, Wanfang and VIP database from establishment to June 2020.Result:A total of 17 randomized controlled studies were included. The subjects were premature infants (gestational age ≤34 weeks) who needed respiratory support. The total sample size was 4 033.Meta-analysis showed that no significant difference was found in mortality between treatment and control groups ( RR=1.00, 95% CI 0.89~1.11, P=0.930).Risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) at 36 w postmenstrual age (PMA) was significantly lower in preterm infants supplemented with iNO ( RR=0.89, 95% CI 0.82~0.97, P=0.006). Subgroup analysis showed the overall risk of mortality or BPD incidence was significantly reduced for birth weight >1 000 g infants treated with iNO ( RR=0.72, 95% CI 0.58~0.89, P=0.002). Risk of BPD incidence was significantly lower when beginning iNO in the first 7 d of life ( RR=0.83, 95% CI 0.70~0.98, P=0.030). Risk of BPD incidence was significant reduced in infants treated with 5 ppm or ≥10 ppm iNO ( RR=0.89, 95% CI 0.81~0.98, P=0.020; RR=0.90, 95% CI 0.81~0.99, P=0.030). There was a decrease in BPD incidence with iNO treatment time of either ≤7 d or >7 d ( RR=0.77, 95% CI 0.60~0.99, P=0.040; RR=0.87, 95% CI 0.77~0.97, P=0.010). There were no differences concerning mechanical ventilation duration and intracranial hemorrhage incidence ( P>0.05). Significant difference was found between treatment and control group with respect to reduction of oxygenation index (OI) ( WMD=-6.32, 95% CI -12.16~-0.48, P=0.030). Conclusion:For preterm infants born at less than 34 weeks who need respiratory support, iNO treatment may improve oxygenation and reduce the risk of BPD, but not decrease mortality, mechanical ventilation duration or intracranial hemorrhage incidence. A better treatment effect may be achieved if iNO treatment began in the first 7 d of life, and if the infant had a birth weight greater than 1 000 g.

11.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 717-724, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888346

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the changes of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP) and nerve function in patients with spinal tuberculosis before and after surgery, explore the timing of surgical intervention, and evaluate its influence on surgical safety.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on 387 patients with spinal tuberculosis who received surgical treatment from March 2012 to March 2017, including 278 males and 109 females, aged 12 to 86 years old with an average of (49.9±19.1) years. There were 64 cases of cervical tuberculosis, 86 cases of thoracic tuberculosis, 76 cases of thoracolumbar tuberculosis and 161 cases of lumbar tuberculosis. There were 297 patients with single segmental involvementand 90 patients with multiple segmental involvement. Among them, 62 cases presented neurological damage, and preoperative spinal cord neurological function depended on ASIA grade, 5 cases of grade A, 8 cases of grade B, 39 cases of grade C, and 10 cases of grade D. According to the duration of preoperative antituberculosis treatment, the patients were divided into group A (256 cases, receiving conventional quadruple antituberculosis treatment for 2-4 weeks before surgery) and group B (131 cases, receiving conventional quadruple antituberculosis treatment for more than 4 weeks before surgery). The two groups were compared in terms of gender, age, preoperative complicated pulmonary tuberculosis, lesion site, lesion scope, surgical approach, drug resistance and other general clinical characteristics. ESR, CRP, visual analogue scale(VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Frankel grade and postoperative complications were observed.@*RESULTS@#All 387 patients were followed up for 12 to 36 (18.3±4.5) months. There were no significant differences in gender, age, preoperative pulmonary tuberculosis, lesion site, lesion range, surgical approach, preoperative drug resistance and other characteristics between two groups. A total of 32 patients in two groups did not heal after surgery, with an incidence rate of 8.27%. The VAS and spinal cord dysfunction index of the two groups were significantly improved after surgery (@*CONCLUSION@#After 2-4 weeks of anti tuberculosis treatment before operation, patients with spinal tuberculosis could be operated upon with ESR and CRP in a descending or stable period. In principle, patients with spinal tuberculosis and paraplegia should be treated as soon as possible after active preoperative management of the complication without emergency surgery.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Blood Sedimentation , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Thoracic Vertebrae , Tuberculosis, Spinal/surgery
12.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 273-277, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885555

ABSTRACT

The Montreux definition established in 2017 made it clear that the neonates can not be excluded from the diagnosis of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), which supported the urge of emphasizing the specificity and importance of neonatal ARDS (nARDS) in the past ten years in China. Neonatal idiopathic respiratory distress syndrome is caused primarily by insufficient pulmonary surfactant system, which pathologically and clinically presented as typical respiratory distress syndrome. While the causes of nARDS often coexisted with underlying conditions, and its pathological and clinical features are a superposition of both respiratory distress syndrome and underlying conditions. Therefore, superimposition is the key to understanding the etiology, pathology, diagnosis, and treatment of nARDS, which is crucial for optimizing the clinical practice of nARDS.

13.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 169-171, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885062

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of hemopexin (HPX) in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats.Methods:One hundred and twenty healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 7-8 weeks, weighing 250-280 g, were divided into sham operation group (S group, n=36), cerebral I/R group (I/R group, n=36), vehicle group (V group, n=24), and HPX group ( n=24). The model of cerebral I/R injury was established by 120 min middle cerebral artery occlusion followed by reperfusion in anesthetized rats.At 6, 12 and 24 h of reperfusion, 4 rats in S group and I/R group were sacrificed, and the ischemic penumbra of the ipsilateral cerebral cortex was obtained to detect the expression of HPX by Western blot.In I/R, V and HPX groups, 0.9% normal saline 10 μl, 0.1% NaN 3 10 μl, and 1.86 mg/ml HPX 10 μl were injected into the lateral ventricle, respectively, immediately after reperfusion.Eight rats in each group were selected, and neurological deficit was scored at 1-7 days of reperfusion.Eight rats in each group were sacrificed at 1 and 7 days of reperfusion, brains were removed, and brain tissues were obtained for measurement of infarct size, and the percentage of infarct size was calculated. Results:Compared with S group, the expression of HPX in cerebral ischemic penumbra was significantly up-regulated at 24 h of reperfusion in I/R group, and the neurological deficit scores were significantly decreased at 1-7 days of reperfusion, and the percentage of cerebral infarct size was increased at 1 and 7 days of reperfusion in I/R, V and HPX groups ( P<0.05). Compared with I/R group, the neurological deficit scores were significantly increased at 1-7 days of reperfusion, and the percentage of cerebral infarct size was decreased at 1 and 7 days of reperfusion in HPX group ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the above indicators in V and I/R groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Up-regulation of HPX expression is the endogenous protective mechanism of cerebral I/R injury in rats.

14.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 410-415, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879868

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of human oligodendrocyte precursor cell (hOPC) transplantation in the treatment of white matter injury (WMI).@*METHODS@#Neonatal rats were randomly divided into a sham-operation group, a model group, and a transplantation group (@*RESULTS@#The place navigation test using the Morris water maze showed that the model group had a significantly longer escape latency than the sham-operation group, and compared with the model group, the transplantation group had a significant reduction in escape latency (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Intrathecal hOPC transplantation may alleviate neurological injury and promote remyelination in a rat model of WMI.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Animals, Newborn , Myelin Sheath , Oligodendrocyte Precursor Cells , Oligodendroglia , White Matter
15.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 198-201, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879834

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Humans , Publishing
16.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 12-17, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879802

ABSTRACT

Drowning is a leading cause of accidental injury in children and has a great impact on family and society. The prevention and treatment of drowning is of great importance for reducing mortality rate. This consensus reviews the literature on the epidemiology, rescue, resuscitation, and acute clinical management and prevention of drowning. The panel determines the score of available evidence according to the criteria of Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine and then makes recommendations on evidence based on such criteria, so as to provide a basis for further reducing the mortality and disability rates caused by drowning.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Consensus , Drowning/prevention & control , Resuscitation
17.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 73-80, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879409

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effects of three different methods of binding multi-fold rib graft, iliac bone graft and titanium mesh graft in tuberculosis of thoracic vertebra by approach of transverse rib process.@*METHODS@#A hundred and seven patients with tuberculosis of thoracic vertebra received surgical treatment from January 2010 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into three groups according different methods of bone graft. The surgical approach of the transverse rib process was used in all 107 patients, after thoroughly remove the necrotic tissue of tuberculosis, three different bone grafts were used respectively including iliac bone graft (36 cases, group A), binding multi-fold rib graft (35 cases, group B), titanium mesh bone graft (36 cases, group C). Perioperative indexes, the time required for bone graft during operation, intraoperation blood loss, the loss rate of the anterior edge of the lesion, Cobb angle, postoperative bone graft fusion time, spinal nerve recovery and Oswestry Disability Index were compared among three groups.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up for 13 to 24 months, and the operation time required for bone graft was (23.2±4.1) min in group A, (23.8± 4.4)min in group B, and (25.5±4.2) min in group C, with no statistically significant difference among three groups (@*CONCLUSION@#The approach of transverse rib process for debridement of lesions can effectively treat tuberculosis of thoracic vertebra by binding multi-fold rib graft, iliac bone graft and titanium mesh graft, but binding multi-fold rib graft can effectively avoid iliac bone donor complications, and is an effective alternative to iliac bone graft, which is worth popularizing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Transplantation , Lumbar Vertebrae , Retrospective Studies , Ribs/surgery , Spinal Fusion , Surgical Mesh , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Titanium , Treatment Outcome , Tuberculosis, Spinal/surgery
18.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 970-976, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143989

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To give an overview of the Ortner's syndrome caused by an aortic arch aneurysm. Methods: By comprehensive retrieval of the pertinent literature published in the past two decades, 75 reports including 86 patients were collected and recruited into this study along with a recent case of our own. Results: The aortic arch aneurysms causing hoarseness were most commonly mycotic aneurysms. In this patient setting, in addition to the left recurrent laryngeal nerve, trachea was the most commonly affected structure by the aortic arch aneurysm. Surgical/interventional/hybrid treatments led to a hoarseness-relieving rate of 64.3%, much higher than that of patients receiving conservative treatment. However, hoarseness recovery took longer time in the surgically treated patients than in the interventionally treated patients. Conclusion: The surgical and interventional treatments offered similar hoarseness-relieving effects. Surgical or interventional treatment is warranted in such patients for both treatment of arch aneurysms and relief of hoarseness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aorta, Thoracic , Aortic Aneurysm/complications , Vocal Cord Paralysis/etiology , Hoarseness/etiology , Syndrome
19.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 855-858, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869944

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of the semisolid food on the energy supplement in the parturients undergoing epidural labor analgesia.Methods:Ninety parturients requesting epidural labor analgesia with no pregnancy complications, at 38-41 week gestation, aged 20-35 yr, with body mass index of 19-30 kg/m 2, were divided into 3 groups ( n=30 each) using a random number table method: sports drink group (group A), millet gruel group (group B) and semisolid food group (group C). After admission to the hospital, different types of food were given on an empty stomach after drinking 300 ml of water, before labor analgesia and 1 h of labor analgesia, and the gastric emptying time (GET) was measured by the ultrasound assessment of gastric antrum.In the late stage of labor analgesia, patients drank different types of food as needed until the end of the third stage of labor.Visual analogue scale score was used to evaluate the maternal starvation, thirst and fatigue immediately after the end of the third stage of labor.The duration of labor, total amount of diet, energy supply per unit time, forceps-assisted vaginal delivery, pressing times of patient-controlled analgesia, occurrence of nausea and vomiting during labor, and volume of postpartum hemorrhage were recorded. Results:GET was significantly longer after labor analgesia than before labor analgesia in the three groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group A, GET was significantly prolonged after labor analgesia, scores for starvation and fatigue and total amount of diet were decreased, and the energy supply per unit time was increased in group B and group C, and the incidence of nausea and vomiting was significantly increased in group B and decreased in group C ( P<0.05). Compared with group B, GET was significantly shortened after labor analgesia, scores for fatigue were decreased, the energy supply per unit time was increased, and the incidence of vomiting was decreased in group C ( P<0.05). There were no statistically significant differences among the three groups in scores for thirst, duration of labor, incidence of forceps-assisted vaginal delivery, volume of postpartum hemorrhage, and pressing times of patient-controlled analgesia ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Compared with sports drinks and millet gruel, semi-solid food is more effective in supplementing energy for the parturients undergoing epidural labor analgesia.

20.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 139-144, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868778

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) combined with normothermic mechanical perfusion (NMP) on biliary epithelial cells (BEC) after DCD donor liver transplantation in rats.Methods The third generation of BMMSCs and the BMMSCs modified by Ad/HO-1 (Ad/HO-1/BMMSCs) were cultured,identified and expanded in vitro.To establish a stable NMP system device in vitro.The DCD liver transplantation models were constructed in rats after cardiac ischemia for 30 minutes,220 SD recipient rats were randomly divided into sham operation group (S group,n=44) static cold storage (SCS group,n =44) group,and simple NMP group (P group,n =44),BMMSCs combined with NMP group (BP group,n =44) and BMMSCs modified by Ad/HO-1 combine with NMP group (HBP group,n =44),NMP group,BP group and HBP group were subjected to vitro perfusion for 4h.The group were taken at 0,1,7 and 14 days after transplantation and the relevant indicators were detected,n =6 in each group.The survival rate of the recipient rats,liver function and pathological changes of the bile duct were observed.The expression of cytokeratin 19 (CK19) protein in BEC was detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot.Apoptotic biliary epithelial cells were detected by TUNEL staining and the expression of apoptosis-related protein caspase-3 was detected by immunohistochemistry.Results The survival time of HBP group was significantly prolonged for (5.6 ±0.8) d in SCS group vs.(18.4 ±2.0) d in NMP group,(20.5 ± 1.5) d in BP group,(82.5 ±3.2) d in HBP group,the differences were statistically significant (all P < O.05).Compared with other groups,the HBP group and the BP group were significantly improved in liver function and biliary pathology,and the expression of CK19 protein in BEC was significantly increased [(0.81 ±0.02) in S group vs.(0.35 ±0.03) in SCS group,(0.47 ±0.02) in NMP group,(0.63 ± 0.02) in BP group,(0.77 ± 0.01) in HBP group on postoperative day (POD) 14],the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05).The number of apoptosis and the expression of apoptosis-related protein caspase-3 in HBP group were significantly decreased [(10.0 ± 1.2) in S group vs.(57.3 ±5.5) in SCS group,(40.1 ±4.6) in NMP group,(32.0 ± 2.2) in BP group,(13.7 ± 3.1) in HBP group on POD 14],the difference was statistically significant (all P < 0.05).Compared with the BP group,the protective effect of the HBP group was more obvious,and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05).Conclusion By the method of the BMMSCs modified by Ad/HO-1 combined with NMP in vitro preservation of rat,DCD donor liver can significantly improve the effect of BEC on rats and the survival rate after liver transplantation.

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