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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 75-80, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003768

ABSTRACT

The quality evaluation of the blind method is to evaluate the clinical blind data obtained from clinical trials adopting the blind method and judge the effectiveness of the blind method by investigating the blind effect of different blind objects. A successful blind method can avoid the influence of subjective factors on the test results of subjects and researchers to a certain extent. The quality evaluation of the blind method can reflect not only the effectiveness of the blind method but also the accuracy and credibility of clinical trial results. In recent years, randomized controlled trials have been widely used in the evaluation of the clinical efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), but the quality of the implementation of blind methods is uneven, and the evaluation criteria have not yet been formed. In this paper, the data collection methods, calculation principles, advantages, and disadvantages of two quantitative quality evaluation methods of blind methods, namely James Blinding Index (JBI) and Bang Blinding Index (BBI), were introduced. The two indexes were analyzed in a randomized controlled trial of acupuncture and moxibustion to relieve postoperative oral pain. The calculation process of the results was demonstrated by R software and visualized by forest map. At the same time, a tool table was designed to facilitate the collection of evaluation data of blind methods in TCM clinical trials at different stages. Finally, the necessity and feasibility of quality evaluation of blind method in TCM research were discussed to provide a basis for evaluating and improving the quality of blind method implementation in TCM clinical trials.

2.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 206-211, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971435

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the internal nasal valve (INV) and to evaluate its key parameters in the established 3D models of nasal cavity space via Mimics from CT images, in order to provide evidence for quantitative diagnosis of nasal valve compromise. Methods: A total of 32 Han adults without nasal diseases who underwent maxillofacial CT test in Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital from January 2015 to December 2018 were retrospectively recruited, including 16 males and 16 females, with the age ranged from 20 to 80 years (50% age<50 years old). Maxillofacial CT images were used to create 3D model of nasal cavity space. The INV was identified and the following parameters were measured: the angle between the INV and the nasal bone (θINV-B), unilateral cross-sectional area of the INV (AINV-R, AINV-L), total cross-sectional area of the INV (AINV), unilateral height of the INV (HINV-R, HINV-L), unilateral nasal valve angle (αINV-R, αINV-L), and the sum of nasal valve angle (αINV). The AINV in our study was compared with the results of the previously adopted planes (PlaneC, perpendicular to the hard palate and PlaneB, plane perpendicular to the nasal bone). The parameters above were compared among genders, age and race groups. SPSS 26 and GraphPad Prism 9 software were used for statistical analysis and mapping of data. Results: The AINV in our study was (214.87±52.94) mm², which was significantly less than that of PlaneC (254.97±47.80) mm² and PlaneB (226.07±57.36) mm². The measured parameters were as follows: θINV-B was (82.07±7.06)°; AINV-R was (112.66±31.39) mm²; AINV-L was (102.21±27.14) mm²; AINV was (214.87±52.94) mm²; HINV-R was (24.87±4.62) mm; HINV-L was (24.35±4.86) mm; αINV-R was (20.48±2.99)°; αINV-L was (19.65±3.82)°; αINV was (40.13±6.24)°. The AINV-R was larger than AINV-L (t=2.33, P<0.05); The HINV, AINV-R, AINV-L and AINV of males were more than those of females (t value was 5.77, 3.21, 2.91 and 3.52, respectively, all P<0.01). The AINV of the young group (<50 years) was larger than that of the old group (t=2.83, P<0.01); The θINV-B was different between the Han people and the Caucasian (t=2.92,P<0.01). The αINV of the Han people was larger than that of Caucasians (Z=-6.92, P<0.01), but the HINV was smaller (Z=-3.89, P<0.01). Conclusion: The AINV carried out in 3D models of nasal cavity space is significantly smaller than that obtained by the previous methods of CT evaluation. INV static parameters differ among genders, age and race groups.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Nasal Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , China , Nose , Nasal Bone
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 7-18, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970355

ABSTRACT

Viruses are powerful tools for the study of modern neurosciences. Most of the research on the connection and function of neurons were done by using recombinant viruses, among which neurotropic herpesvirus is one of the most important tools. With the continuous development of genetic engineering and molecular biology techniques, several recombinant neurophilic herpesviruses have been engineered into different viral tools for neuroscience research. This review describes and discusses several common and widely used neurophilic herpesviruses as nerve conduction tracers, viral vectors for neurological diseases, and lytic viruses for neuro-oncology applications, which provides a reference for further exploring the function of neurophilic herpesviruses.


Subject(s)
Herpesviridae/genetics , Neurosciences , Genetic Vectors/genetics , Genetic Engineering , Neurons
4.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1032-1039, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985505

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the risk intensity and related influencing factors of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among high-stress rescue workers, and to provide effective tools for the risk assessment of PTSD in military rescue workers. Method: From June to August 2022, cluster sampling was used to select the high-stress rescue personnel of an Army department as the survey subjects. The acute Stress reaction (ASD) scale and PTSD checklist were used to evaluate the risk of PTSD in military rescue personnel. Multivariate logistic regression were used to analyze the influencing factors of PTSD. Results: The age of 4 460 subjects was (24.38±4.072) years old, including 4 396 males (98.6%). The positive rate of initial screening for ASD was 2.85% (127/4 460). The positive rate of PTSD was 0.67% (30/4 460). Multivariate logistic regression model analysis showed that female, older age, recent trauma exposure history, passive smoking and alcohol consumption were at higher risk of ASD, the values of OR (95%CI) were 4.183 (1.819-9.618), 6.278 (1.363-28.912), 3.094 (1.500-6.379), 2.059 (1.298-3.267) and 2.607 (1.614-4.211), respectively; Lower education level was associated with lower risk of ASD, OR (95%CI) was 0.593 (0.359-0.978); People who are older, thinner, have a history of mental illness, and drink alcohol were at higher risk for PTSD, the values of OR (95%CI) were 20.144 (2.459-165.043), 10.287 (2.218-47.700), 91.104 (8.592-965.980) and 2.866 (1.144-7.180), respectively. Conclusion: Gender, age, education level, passive smoking, alcohol consumption, past history of mental illness and body mass index may be related to the potential risk of PTSD in rescue workers,passive smoking, alcohol consumption, and weight controlling should be focused on to reduce potential risks of PTSD.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Young Adult , Adult , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/prevention & control , Tobacco Smoke Pollution , Risk Assessment , Military Personnel , Alcohol Drinking
5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 351-356, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990854

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of conflicting stimuli generated by different chromatic lights on visual display terminal (VDT) on accommodative response and microfluctuation of myopes and emmetropes, and to investigate the possible relationship between chromatic light, accommodation and the development and progression of myopia.Methods:A non-randomized controlled trial was conducted.Forty-one subjects aged 22 to 30 years old were enrolled, including 19 emmetropes in emmetropic group and 22 myopes in myopic group.The subjects had the normal color vision and no ocular organic diseases.The interventions were screens of different colors.There were 7 chromatic light conditions, including 3 monochromatic lights (red, green, blue), 3 bichromatic lights (red+ green, red+ blue, green+ blue) and 1 polychromatic light (white=red+ green+ blue). Subjects were asked to look at a black E target on a VDT at a distance of 33 cm for more than 20 seconds.The background color of the VDT was changed randomly in the 7 chromatic light conditions.The accommodative responses were recorded with the Grand Seiko WAM-5500 automatic infrared refractor every 0.2 seconds and the accommodative microfluctuation was calculated as the standard deviation of the accommodative response.Accommodative response and accommodative microfluctuation under different chromatic light conditions were compared.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine (No.2019-1564). Written informed consent was obtained from each subject.Results:No statistically significant difference was found in the accommodative response between the two groups ( Fgroup=2.626, P=0.113). There was a statistically significant difference under different chromatic light conditions between the two groups ( Flight=39.070, P<0.01). There were similar trends in the effects of various color lights in both groups, with the largest accommodative response under monochromatic red light, followed by the bichromatic light containing red light, and then the smallest accommodative response under monochromatic blue light, and the differences were statistically significant (all at P<0.05). The accommodative microfluctuations under red, green, blue, red+ blue, red+ green, blue+ green and white light conditions were (0.142±0.033), (0.128±0.038), (0.131±0.043), (0.139±0.039), (0.127±0.034), (0.131±0.043) and (0.139±0.042)D in emmetropic group, and (0.178±0.043), (0.164±0.043), (0.159±0.039), (0.174±0.042), (0.166±0.036), (0.159±0.031) and (0.174±0.035)D in myopic group, respectively, showing statistically significant differences between them ( Fgroup=12.146, P<0.01; Flight=2.782, P<0.05). The accommodative microfluctuations under the 7 light conditions were higher in myopic group than in emmetropic group, and the differences were statistically significant (all at P<0.05). In myopes, the accommodative microfluctuation was the largest under red light, which was significantly larger than that under blue light, and was the smallest under blue+ green light (all at P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the accommodative microfluctuation between bichromatic light and its two monochromatic lights, or between the polychromatic light (white light) and its three monochromatic lights (all at P>0.05). There was no significant effect of various chromatic lights on the accommodative microfluctuation in emmetropic group (all at P>0.05). Conclusions:The accommodative microfluctuation is greater in myopes than in emmetropes.The stimuli produced by long-wavelength light cause larger accommodative microfluctuation, while conflicting stimuli generated by different chromatic lights do not increase accommodative microfluctuation.

6.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 55-62, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936284

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role of TRIM21 in modulating the invasive phenotype of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells and its mechanism of action.@*METHODS@#RNA interference technique was used to knock down the expression of TRIM21 and β-catenin, alone or in combination, in HCC cell lines 97H and LM3, and the interfering efficiency and the activity of closely related pathways were determined using Western blotting. The two cells with TRIM21 knockdown (siTRIM21 97H and siTRIM21 LM3 cells) were assessed for their invasion ability in vitro using Transwell invasion assay, and the lung metastasis capacity of siTRIM21 LM3 cells following tail vein injection was evaluated in nude mice. The binding of TRIM21 with β-catenin and the ubiquitylation level of β-catenin in TRIM21-overexpressing HEK293 cells were determined with Western blotting and co-immunoprecipitation assay. We also compared the overall survival of patients with CTNNB1highTRIM21high and CTNNB1highTRIM21low HCC subtypes using Kaplan-Meier method based on filtrated and grouped HCC clinical data from TCGA database.@*RESULTS@#TRIM21 knockdown significantly enhanced the invasion ability of 97H and LM3 cells in vitro (P < 0.01 or 0.05) and the lung metastasis ability of LM3 cells in nude mice (P < 0.01), and simultaneous knockdown of β -catenin obviously suppressed the in vitro invasiveness of the cells (P < 0.0001 or 0.05). Co-immunoprecipitation assay showed that TRIM21 was capable of directly binding with β-catenin protein to accelerate the ubiquitination and degradation of the latter, leading to inhibition of nuclear translocation of β-catenin and hence reduced invasiveness of HCC cells. Bioinformatic analysis showed that compared patients with CTNNB1highTRIM21low HCC subtype where Wnt pathway was activated, the patients with CTNNB1highTRIM21high HCC subtype had a significantly better survival outcomes (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#A high expression of TRIM21 suppresses the invasion of HCC cells by promoting β-catenin ubiquitylation and degradation, which possibly explains the poor prognosis of CTNNB1highTRIM21low HCC patients.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , HEK293 Cells , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Mice, Nude , Ribonucleoproteins/genetics , Ubiquitination , Wnt Signaling Pathway , beta Catenin/metabolism
7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 674-680, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935442

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association between dietary pattern and cognitive performance in local residents aged ≥50 years in Shanghai. Methods: Data were obtained from the second round of Study of Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE) survey in Shanghai. Dietary patterns were surveyed by factor analysis. Cognitive tests were conducted to assess subjects' cognitive performance, including verbal recall, verbal fluency and digit test. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to evaluate the relationship between dietary patterns and cognition performance. Results: A total of 4 132 subjects with complete dietary and cognitive performance test data were included. Factor analysis was used to obtain three dietary patterns: including plant-based pattern, high animal-food pattern, high salt-oil pattern. After controlling for gender, age, education level and other factors, it was found that plant-based pattern (β=0.26,95%CI: 0.17-0.36) and high animal-food pattern (β=0.18, 95%CI:0.06-0.29) were positively associated with total cognitive test score while high salt-oil pattern (β=-0.28, 95%CI:-0.85--0.07) was negatively associated with verbal fluency test score. Conclusion: A dietary pattern with high intake of plant food and appropriate intake of animal food might be associated with better cognitive function of residents aged ≥50 years.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Aging , China/epidemiology , Cognition , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diet
8.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 668-672, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935341

ABSTRACT

Two cases of epidemic situation of serogroup B meningitis in infants in Shandong Province in 2021 were investigated. Samples of cases and their close contacts were collected for isolation, culture and identification of Neisseria meningitides (Nm). The isolates were subjected to multi-locus sequence typing, outer membrane protein porA and fetA genotyping and drug sensitivity test. Two laboratory-confirmed outbreaks of serogroup B meningitis were reported from Yantai city and Linyi city. The indicated cases were infants aged 5 months and 2 months old respectively. They were not vaccinated with meningitis vaccine. Their epidemiological characteristics and clinical manifestations were similar and the prognosis was good. The same sequence type (ST) of serogroup B Nm strains as the indicated cases was detected in the samples of close family contacts, but without subsequent cases. Among them, Yantai strain was were identified as the type ST-8920, belonging to CC4821 clonal complex, and the genotypes of porA and fetA were p1.21-2, 23 and F3-1. Linyi strain was a new type, belonging to CC4821 clonal complex and the genotypes of porA and fetA were p1.20, 23 and F1-91. The above strains were resistant to penicillin, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin and Chemitrim, and their sensitivity to cephalosporin decreased. Two cases of infant serogroup B epidemic were relatively rare in China, which were different from the epidemiological and pathogenic characteristics of other Nm serogroups in the past.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Epidemics , Meningitis, Meningococcal/epidemiology , Multilocus Sequence Typing , Neisseria meningitidis , Serogroup
9.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 232-240, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989251

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of Huang'e capsule in the treatment of chronic prostatitis (CP) based on network pharmacology and molecular docking.Methods:The drug ingredients of Huang'e Capsule were screened by searching the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP), the Encyclopedia of Traditional Chinese Medicine (ETCM), and some other literature materials. The drug component targets were predicted using Swiss Target Prediction, and the CP disease targets were obtained using GeneCards, OMIM, and GisGeNET. The intersection targets were obtained by Venny 2.1.0. A protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed by STRING and Cytoscape software. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analyses were carried out by Metascape. The "drug-ingredient-target-pathway" network was established by Cytoscape software. Molecular docking was carried out with PubChem, PDB, PyMoL, and AutoDock.Results:It was found that 142 active ingredients in Huang'e Capsule acted directly on 286 disease targets through multiple pathways for CP treatment, with cyasterone, morin, quercetin, kaempferol, luteolin, and isorhamnetin as core ingredients and ESR1, CDK1, APP, SYK, and EGFR as core targets. GO enrichment analysis showed that the most likely related BP of the intersection genes mainly includes cellular reaction to nitrogen-containing compounds, inorganic substances, organic cyclic compounds, etc., CCs mainly involved in membrane rafts, receptor complexes, membrane sides, etc., and MF includes protein kinase activity, nuclear receptor activity, and kinase binding, etc. It can be found in KEGG enrichment analysis that Huang'e Capsule is mainly involved in the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) signaling pathway and the HIF-1 signaling pathway. Molecular docking indicated that the core target had a great affinity with the core active ingredients of the Huang'e Capsule.Conclusions:Huang'e Capsule is mainly used to treat CP by modulating the disease targets such as ESR1, CDK1, APP, SYK, and EGFR of PI3K/Akt, HIF-1 and other signaling pathways, interfering with enzyme activity, inflammatory reactions, and other biological processes.

10.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 369-374, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933417

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between the expression level of circular RNA_0005414 and islet cell function in type 2 diabetes patients.Methods:A total of 110 patients with type 2 diabetes and 106 cases of normal glucose tolerance (control group) in Uygur populations, 64 cases of type 2 diabetes mellitus and 63 cases of normal glucose tolerance (control group) in Han populations were enrolled in the study. All subjects underwent oral glucose tolerance test chemistry panel. Homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and β cell function (HOMA-β) were evaluated by homeostasis model as islet cell function indexes. The differentially expressed circular RNAs were screened using RNA sequencing from the peripheral blood monocytes of 5 Uygur patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and matched controls. The expression level of a significantly up-regulated circular RNA_0005414 was detected and verified, and the relationship between the expression level of circular RNA_0005414 and islet cell function was analyzed.Results:Differential expression profiles of circular RNAs were found in Uygur type 2 diabetic patients . The expression level of circular RNA_0005414 in Uygur type 2 diabetic group was higher than that in Uygur control group ( P<0.01), the expression level of circular RNA_0005414 in Han type 2 diabetic group was higher than that in Han control group ( P<0.01), the expression level of circular RNA_0005414 in Uygur type 2 diabetes group was higher than that in Han type 2 diabetes group, but the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). In the Uyghur and Han groups, Spearman correlation analysis showed that the expression level of circular RNA_0005414 was positively correlated with fasting blood glucose, 2 h plasma glucose after glucose loading, HbA 1C, total cholesterol, fasting insulin, HOMA-IR ( P<0.05) and negatively correlated with HOMA-β ( P<0.01). Partial correlation analysis showed that circular RNA_0005414 expression level was positively correlated with fasting blood glucose, HbA 1C, and HOMA-IR ( P<0.01). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that circular RNA_0005414 was the only factor affecting HOMA-β in Uygur patients with type 2 diabetes. Conclusion:The expression level of circular RNA_0005414 was closely related to islet cell function in Uygur type 2 diabetes patients, the up-regulation of circular RNA_0005414 may be involved in the occurrence and development of type 2 diabetes in Uygur.

11.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 269-271, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004362

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the methods and safety of autologous peripheral hematopoietic stem cells collection in patients with sequential double transplantation of solid tumors and conduct efficacy analysis. 【Methods】 Peripheral blood stem cells were collected from 27 patients with solid tumors after routine mobilization of rhG-CSF and rhGM-CSF.A specific program was made for the patients.The condition and cooperation degree of children were comprehensively evaluated before cell collection, and a femoral venous catheterization was inserted to ensure the cells collected smoothly.A mononuclear cell collection(MNC) program was selected, and machine parameters were set based on the patient's low body weight.The number of mononuclear cell (MNC) and the CD34+ cell was detected by flow cytometry for retrospective analysis. 【Results】 A total of 73 cell collections were performed in 27 patients, and the number of mononuclear cells and CD34+ cells was 12.586(10.22~19.586)×108/kg and 13.575(7.275~23.825)×106/kg, respectively, which can meet the requirement of sequential double transplantation. No intoxication of citrate and other serious adverse reactions occurred, and the follow-up was generally in good condition. 【Conclusion】 The method is effective and safe for pediatric patients, even for pediatric patients with low weight. Sufficient stem cells can be collected for patients with solid tumors by this method to meet the requirement of sequential double transplantation.

12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 197-206, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906533

ABSTRACT

Dendrobium(Orchidaceae) is traditional Chinese medicine with a high healthcare value,which can nourish Yin and tonify deficiency. Eighty-nine flavonoids were isolated from Dendrobium,mainly including flavones,flavanoes and flavonols. Among them,there were 40 flavonoids,the main aglycones were apigenin and chrysoeriol;20 flavanones;and 15 flavonols,and the main aglycones were kaempferol and quercetin. D. officinale and several other species also have flavanonols,anthocyanidins,chalcone and isoflavones. There were 34 species of Dendrobium containing flavonoids,including 38 flavonoids in D. officinale,28 flavonoids in D. huoshanense,19 flavonoids in D. devonianum,12 flavonoids in D. wardianum,5 flavonoids in D. thyrsiflorum,4 flavonoids in D. denneanum and D. findlayanum. Common flavonoids included naringenin,quercetin,rutin,which had pharmacological effects of resisting oxidation,lowering blood sugar,improving blood circulation,lowing cholesterol,and protecting the cardiovascular system. The existing studies of Dendrobium-related species,flavonoids and their physiological functions were reviewed in the expectation to promote the attention of the industry to Dendrobium flavonoids and explore values of Dendrobium plants in efficacy and food fields.

13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 121-130, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905965

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of Ranae Oviductus (RO) on ovarian follicular development, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway, and pregnancy function in rats, and the estrogen-like mechanism of OR. Method:Seventy female Wistar rats were randomly divided into a normal group, a progynova+ luteohormone group (1 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>+40 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), a clomiphene group (10 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and high-dose(400 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and low-dose(200 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) RO groups. Rats were administered correspondingly by gavage for eight weeks. After seven weeks of intragastric administration, the estrus cycle of all rats was measured. After eight weeks of intragastric administration, four rats from each group were selected to give birth. For other rats, blood was collected on the day of estrus, and the serum levels of estradiol (E<sub>2</sub>),progesterone (P), testosterone (T), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and luteotropic hormone (LH) were detected. Uterus and ovaries were extracted and weighed to calculate organ index. One ovary was made into pathological sections, and the follicles at different developmental stages and corpus luteum were counted. Real-time fluorescence-based quantitative polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR)and Western blot were performed on the other ovary to detect mRNA and protein changes in the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Forty female Kunming mice were randomly divided into a normal group and RO groups (400 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) with 14 days, 28 days, and 56 days of intervention. Mice in the RO groups were raised with male mice in cages after intragastric administration of OR for 14, 28, and 56 days, respectively. After 18 days, the number of intrauterine fetuses on both sides and the number of stunted fetuses were counted. Result:After eight weeks of intragastric administration of OR, the rats showed decreased uterine index (<italic>P</italic><0.05), declining serum LH (<italic>P</italic><0.05), reduced luteum (<italic>P</italic><0.01), dwindled primary follicles (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and increased rate of follicle atresia (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Additionally, more luteal or interstitial glands degenerated into interstitial structures in the ovarian cortex in a short time. The mRNA expression levels of PI3K and Akt in the ovary were elevated (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while the mRNA expression levels of mTOR and PTEN were reduced (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The phosphorylation level of Akt protein showed a downward trend without significant difference. For the rats, the number of fetuses was decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The pregnancy rate of mice was decreased to varying degrees after administration of RO for different durations, with the lowest in the 14 day RO group, as low as 30%. After 28 days of intragastric administration of RO, the difference in left and right uterine pregnancy increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Long-term administration of RO can lead to premature ovarian failure by over-stimulating the ovary, which is similar to clomiphene. Short-term administration can result in decreased pregnancy rate, excessive ovulation on one side, and inhibition of ovulation on the other side. The influence on follicles needs further exploration.

14.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 290-298, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878361

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study was designed to conduct a retrospective and systematic occupational health risk assessment (OHRA) of enterprises that used benzene, toluene, and xylene (BTX) in Shanghai, China.@*Methods@#All data for the study were obtained from 1,705 occupational health examination and evaluation reports from 2013 to 2017, and a semiquantitative model following Chinese OHRA guidelines (GBZ/T 298-2017) was applied for the assessment.@*Results@#The selected enterprises using BTX were mainly involved in manufacturing of products. Using the exposure level method, health risk levels associated with exposure to BTX were classified as medium, negligible, or low. However, the risk levels associated with benzene and toluene were significantly different according to job types, with gluers and inkers exhibiting greater health risks. For the same job type, the health risk levels assessed using the comprehensive index method were higher than those using the exposure level method.@*Conclusion@#Our OHRA reveals that workers who are exposed to BTX still face excessive health risk. Additionally, the risk level varied depending on job categories and exposure to specific chemicals. Therefore, additional control measures recommended by OHRA guidelines are essential to reduce worker exposure levels.


Subject(s)
Humans , Air Pollutants, Occupational/analysis , Benzene/analysis , China , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Toluene/analysis , Xylenes/analysis
15.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 184-191, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878336

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Evidence is lacking regarding the combined effects of smoking and obesity on mortality from coronary heart disease in male veterans. This study aimed to explore the combined effect of smoking and obesity on coronary heart disease mortality in male veterans in China.@*Methods@#A cohort of 1,268 male veterans from 22 veteran centers in Xi'an (Shaanxi Province, China) were followed up once every 2 years from February 1, 1987 to October 30, 2016. The endpoint was death from any cause. The hazard ratio ( @*Results@#The total follow-up was 24394.21 person-years; each subject was followed up for a mean duration of 19.24 years. By the end of the study, of the 1,268 veterans, 889 had died, 363 were alive, and 16 were lost to follow-up. Cox regression analysis results revealed that current smoking ( @*Conclusion@#Our results suggest that obese veterans who smoke might be an important target population for coronary heart disease mortality control.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China/epidemiology , Coronary Disease/mortality , Obesity/complications , Proportional Hazards Models , Risk Factors , Smoking , Veterans/statistics & numerical data
16.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 571-578, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887896

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the related factors of pathological complete response(pCR)of patients with gastric cancer treated by neoadjuvant therapy and resection,and to analyze the risk factors of prognosis. Methods The clinical and pathological data of 490 patients with gastric cancer who received neoadjuvant therapy followed by radical gastrectomy from January to December in 2008 were retrospectively analyzed.Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify the risk factors affecting pCR and prognosis. Results Among the 490 patients,41 achieved pCR,and the overall pCR rate was 8.3%(41/490).The pCR rate was 16.0% in the neoadjuvant chemoradiation group and 6.4% in the neoadjuvant chemotherapy group.The results of multivariate analysis showed that neoadjuvant chemoradiation(


Subject(s)
Humans , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
17.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 850-854, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929857

ABSTRACT

Vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) is a clinical syndrome with impairment of at least one cognitive domain caused by vascular risk factors or cerebrovascular diseases, and its pathogenesis is not completely clear so far. Microglia are innate immune cells in the brain. They participate in many processes such as neuroinflammation, synaptic pruning, myelin regeneration, neurogenesis and connection. They are associated with the occurrence and development of various neurological diseases such as cerebral infarction, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and autism. Recent studies have shown that microglia play an important role in the development of VCI. This article reviews the role of microglia in VCI.

18.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 856-864, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921550

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and correlation of Runt-related transcription factor 3(RUNX3)and enhancer of zeste homolog 2(EZH2)in rectal cancer,and to reveal the relationship between the expression of RUNX3 and EZH2 and the sensitivity of XELOX regimen to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in locally advanced rectal cancer patients. Methods The carcinoma and paracancerous tissues of 31 patients with rectal adenocarcinoma and no preoperative antitumor therapy were selected as cancer group and paracancer group,respectively.The relative mRNA levels of RUNX3 and EZH2 in the two groups were measured by real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction,and the protein levels were determined by immunohistochemical assay.The expression of RUNX3 and EZH2 was compared between cancer tissue and paracancerous tissue.The pre-treatment wax blocks of 26 patients with locally advanced rectal cancer who received 3 cycles of XELOX regimen as neoadjuvant chemotherapy before surgery were selected as the pre-neoadjuvant therapy group,and the postoperative pathological wax blocks were selected as the post-neoadjuvant treatment group.Tumor regression grade(TRG)was determined to evaluate the efficacy of neoadjuvant therapy.Immunohistochemical assay was used to detect the protein levels of RUNX3 and EZH2 in the two groups,and then the relationship between the expression patterns of the two proteins and the efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy was analyzed. Results Compared with paracancerous tissue,the cancer tissue showed down-regulated mRNA level and reduced positive protein expression rate of RUNX3,while up-regulated mRNA level(


Subject(s)
Humans , Core Binding Factor Alpha 3 Subunit/genetics , Enhancer of Zeste Homolog 2 Protein/genetics , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Rectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Transcription Factor 3
19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5209-5218, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878807

ABSTRACT

Licorice has long been regarded as one of the most popular herbs, with a very wide clinical application range. Whether being used alone or as an ingredient in prescription, it has an important role which cannot be ignored. However, the efficacy and chemical constituents of licorice will change after honey-processing. Therefore, it is necessary to find quality markers before and after honey-processing to lay the foundation for a comprehensive evaluation of the differences between raw and processed licorice pieces. HPLC-DAD was employed to establish fingerprints of raw and processed licorice. Multivariate statistical analysis methods including principal component analysis(PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discrimination analysis(OPLS-DA) were applied to screen out the differential components before and after processing of licorice. Based on network pharmacology, the targets and pathways corresponding to the differential components were analyzed with databases such as Swiss Target Prediction and Metascape, and the "component-target-pathway" diagram was constructed with Cytoscape 3.6.0 software to predict the potential quality markers. A total of 17 common peaks were successfully identified in the established fingerprint, and seven differential components were selected as potential quality markers(licoricesaponin G2, glycyrrhizic acid, liquiritigenin, liquiritin, isoliquiritin, liquiritin apioside and isoliquiritigenin). The HPLC fingerprint method proposed in this study was efficient and feasible. The above seven differential chemical components screened out as potential quality markers of licorice can help to improve and promote the overall quality. These researches offer more sufficient theoretical basis for scientific application of licorice and its corresponding products.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glycyrrhiza , Glycyrrhizic Acid/analysis , Honey/analysis
20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 201-208, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872747

ABSTRACT

Fibrosis is a pathological feature of most chronic inflammatory diseases, which is pathologically characterized by activation of fibroblasts and deposition of extracellular matrix components. Fibrosis affects nearly every tissue in the body. If highly progressive, the fibrotic process eventually leads to organ malfunction and even death. Due to the complexity of the pathological mechanism of fibrosis, there is still a lack of effective therapeutic drugs. Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, dry roots and rhizomes of Salvia miltiorrhiza, is a kind of traditional Chinese medicines for activating blood and removing stasis. Modern pharmacological studies have shown that the tanshinones and salvianolic acids in Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma have a wide range of anti-fibrosis effects, such as inhibiting the production of collagen fibers, promoting the degradation of fibrin, and inhibiting cell proliferation. In this review, pharmacological actions and mechanisms of active ingredients of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma were summarized to provide references for the further development and utilization of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma.

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