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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 279-284, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013628

ABSTRACT

Aim To establish NCI-H446/EP for small cell lung cancer resistant cells resistant to cisplatin and etoposide, and to evaluate their biological characteristics and multidrug resistance. Methods Nude mice were subcutaneously inoculated with NCI-H446 cells of SCLC to construct an in vivo model of xenograft tumor, and were given first-line EP regimen treatment for SCLC, inducing drug resistance in vivo, and stripping tumor tissue in vitro culture to obtain drug-resistant cells. The resistance coefficient, cell doubling time, cell cycle distribution, expression of multidrug resistance gene (MDR1), and drug resistance-related protein were detected in vitro, and the drug resistance to cisplatin and etoposide in vivo were verified. Results Mice with NCI-H446 tumors acquired resistance after eight weeks' EP regimen treatment, and the drug-resistant cell line NCI-H446/EP was obtained by isolation and culture in vitro. The resistance factors of this cell line to cisplatin, etoposide, SN38 and doxorubicin were 12.01, 18.36, 65.4 and 10.12, respectively. Compared with parental cells, the proportion of NCIH446/EP cells in Q

2.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 36-42, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013246

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the prognostic value of 3 diagnostic criteria of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants with gestational age<32 weeks. Methods: The retrospective cohort study was conducted to collect the clinical data of 285 preterm infants with BPD admitted to the Department of Neonatology, Children's Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University from January 2019 to September 2021, who were followed up regularly after discharge. The primary composite adverse outcome was defined as death or severe respiratory morbidity from 36 weeks of corrected gestational age to 18 months of corrected age, and the secondary composite adverse outcome was defined as death or neurodevelopmental impairment. According to the primary or secondary composite adverse outcomes, the preterm infants were divided into the adverse prognosis group and the non-adverse prognosis group. The 2001 National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) criteria, 2018 NICHD criteria, and 2019 Neonatal Research Network (NRN) criteria were used to diagnose and grade BPD in preterm infants. Chi-square test, Logistic regression analysis, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and Delong test were used to analyze the prognostic value of the 3 diagnostic criteria. Results: The 285 preterm infants had a gestational age of 29.4 (28.1, 30.6) weeks and birth weight of 1 230 (1 000, 1 465) g, including 167 males (58.6%). Among 285 premature infants who completed follow-up, the primary composite adverse outcome occurred in 124 preterm infants (43.5%), and the secondary composite adverse outcome occurred in 40 preterm infants (14.0%). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that severe BPD according to the 2001 NICHD criteria, gradeⅡand Ⅲ BPD according to the 2018 NICHD criteria and grade 2 and 3 BPD according to the 2019 NRN criteria were all risk factors for primary composite adverse outcomes (all P<0.05). ROC curve showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of the 2018 NICHD criteria and 2019 NRN criteria were both higher than that of the 2001 NICHD criteria (0.70 and 0.70 vs. 0.61, Z=4.49 and 3.35, both P<0.001), but there was no significant difference between the 2018 NICHD and 2019 NRN criteria (Z=0.38, P=0.702). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the secondary composite adverse outcomes were all associated with grade Ⅲ BPD according to the 2018 NICHD criteria and grade 3 BPD according to the 2019 NRN criteria (both P<0.05). ROC curve showed that the AUC of the 2018 NICHD criteria and 2019 NRN criteria were both higher than that of the 2001 NICHD criteria (0.71 and 0.71 vs. 0.58, Z=2.93 and 3.67, both P<0.001), but there was no statistically significant difference between the 2018 NICHD and 2019 NRN criteria (Z=0.02, P=0.984). Conclusion: The 2018 NICHD and 2019 NRN criteria demonstrate good and comparable predictive value for the primary and secondary composite adverse outcomes in preterm infants with BPD, surpassing the predictive efficacy of the 2001 NICHD criteria.


Subject(s)
Infant , Male , Child , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Infant, Premature , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/complications , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Gestational Age
3.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 146-152, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012472

ABSTRACT

Background Sleep quality is one of the important factors affecting soldiers’ task performance. Objective To explore the effects of mindful attention awareness, burnout, and occupational stress on sleep quality among soldiers in plateau areas. Methods A total of 1090 soldiers were selected from four units in plateau areas by cluster sampling method and were asked to participate a cross-sectional questionnaire survey using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PQSI), Occupational Stress Inventory (OSI), Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS), and Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS). Correlation analysis, regression analysis, and mediated effect test were conducted for the study. Results Of the 1090 soldiers recruited, 1082 soldiers returned valid questionnaires, and the valid recovery rate was 99.26%. The median (P25, P75) score of PSQI was 4.00 (2.00,7.00), the median score of OSI was 26.00 (17.00, 34.00), the median score of MBI-GS was 3.53 (3.13, 4.00), and the median score of MAAS was 71.00 (59.00, 82.00). The burnout and mindful attention awareness levels varied among military personnel of different age groups (P<0.05), so did the burnout and occupational stress levels among military personnel of different length of service groups (P<0.05), and the occupational stress, PSQI, burnout, and mindful attention awareness levels among military personnel with different educational backgrounds and genders (P<0.05). The results of mediated effect test showed that occupational stress and burnout had both a parallel mediated effect and a sequential mediating effect on the relationship between mindful attention awareness and sleep quality, with effect sizes of 15.3%, 21.5% and 31.8%, respectively. Conclusion There is a mediated effect on the relationship between mindful attention awareness and sleep quality by the occupational stress and burnout of military personnel in plateau areas, and sleep quality is also affected by mindful attention awareness through the chain-mediated effect of occupational stress and burnout.

4.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 15-21, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009102

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effectiveness of the combined anteversion angle technique in total hip arthroplasty (THA) for treating ankylosing spondylitis (AS) affecting the hip joint.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of 73 patients with AS affecting the hip joint who underwent THA between August 2018 and August 2021. According to whether the combined anteversion angle technique was used in THA, the patients were divided into study group (37 cases, combined anteversion angle technique was used in THA) and control group (36 cases, traditional THA). There was no significant difference in baseline data such as gender, age, body mass index, disease duration, preoperative Harris score, range of motion (ROM), acetabular anteversion angle, acetabular abduction angle, femoral anteversion angle, and combined anteversion angle between the two groups ( P>0.05). The operation time, hospital stay, and complications of the two groups were recorded and compared. The Harris score and hip ROM were compared between the two groups before operation, at 1, 3, 6, 12 months after operation, and at last follow-up. The acetabular component anteversion angle, femoral component anteversion angle, acetabular component abduction angle, and component combined anteversion angle were measured postoperatively.@*RESULTS@#The operation time in the study group was significantly shorter than that in the control group ( P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in hospital stay between the two groups ( P>0.05). There was no intraoperative complication such as acetabular and proximal femoral fractures, neurovascular injuries in both groups, and the incisions healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 2-3 years, with an average of 2.4 years; there was no significant difference in the follow-up time between the two groups ( P>0.05). During the follow-up period, there was no complication such as hip dislocation, wound infection, delayed wound healing, deep venous thrombosis, and hip dislocation in both groups. The hip Harris score and ROM of the two groups gradually increased with time after operation, and the differences were significant when compared with those before operation ( P<0.05); the above two indicators of the study group were significantly better than those of the control group at each time point after operation ( P<0.05). Extensive bone ingrowth on the surface of the components could be observed in the anteroposterior X-ray films of the hip joint of the two groups at 12 months after operation, and the acetabular components was stable without femoral stem subsidence, osteolysis around the components, and heterotopic ossification. At last follow-up, the acetabular component anteversion angle, femoral component anteversion angle, and component combined anteversion angle in the study group were significantly superior to those in the control group ( P<0.05), except that there was no significant difference in the acetabular component abduction angle between the two groups ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For patients with AS affecting the hip joint, the use of the combined anteversion angle technique during THA effectively promotes the recovery of hip joint function and enhances the postoperative quality of life of patients when compared to traditional THA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Hip Dislocation/surgery , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome , Hip Joint/surgery , Hip Prosthesis
5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1902-1906, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996907

ABSTRACT

AIM:To observe and compare the clinical efficacy and safety of intravitreal injection of conbercept or aflibercept in the treatment of pachychoroid neovasculopathy(PNV).METHODS:Retrospective case-control study. A total of 33 patients(35 eyes)diagnosed as PNV in our hospital from February 2018 to October 2022 were divided into 14 cases(14 eyes)in conbercept group and 19 cases(21 eyes)in aflibercept group according to the treatment methods. The best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), subfoveal choroidal thickness(SFCT)and central macular thickness(CMT), injection times and clinical complications of the two groups were compared before and 1, 3 and 6mo after treatment.RESULTS:BCVA, CMT and SFCT in both groups were significantly improved after 1, 3 and 6mo of treatment(all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). During the whole follow-up period, the number of intravitreal injections in the two groups were 2(2, 3)and 2(1.5, 2)respectively, and there was no significant difference(P=0.423). No serious complications occurred during the treatment of the two groups.CONCLUSION:Both intravitreal injections of conbercept and aflibercept can treat PNV with similar therapeutic effects. The desired clinical outcome is achieved by improving the anatomy while improving visual acuity.

6.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1044-1050, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994930

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical phenotype and genotypic characteristics of Legius syndrome.Methods:The clinical data of a child with precocious puberty and scattered café-au-lait macules admitted to Department of Neurology of the Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University in July 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Trio-whole exome sequencing (trio-WES) was used for genetic analysis to confirm the molecular diagnosis of the family. The relevant literature was reviewed to summarize the clinical characteristics of the disease.Results:The proband was a 10-year and 9-month-old girl, presenting with more than 5 café-au-lait macules with diameter>5 mm on the face and trunk, freckles in the axillary, without Lisch tubercles of iris and tumor signs of neurofibromatosis type 1, diagnosed as central precocious puberty at the age of 8. trio-WES results of the family revealed a spontaneous heterozygous nonsense mutation c.751(exon7) C>T in SPRED1 gene, causing a nonsense mutation in the amino acid sequence p.Arg251Ter (p. Ter251 *). Literature review showed a total of 88 pathogenic mutations were reported in SPRED1 gene, including frameshift mutations (41/88), nonsense mutations (31/88), splice mutations (7/88), missense mutations (6/88), and others (3/88), and no mutational hotspots were found. Clinical phenotype was as follows:>5 café-au-lait macules accounted for 92.8% (168/181), armpit and inguinal freckles 43.5% (73/168), macrocephaly 21.4% (31/145), learning disability 18.0% (30/166), psychomotor retardation 13.8% (22/159), lipoma (adult) 13.7% (21/153), Noonan facial sign 12.1% (21/173), and tumor phenotype of neurofibromatosis type 1 was not reported. Conclusions:The central precocious puberty phenotype of Legius syndrome was not reported in China. The clinical phenotype of Legius syndrome was mild, with a large variation, but without neurofibromatosis type 1 tumor phenotype. Genetic testing can be beneficial for early diagnosis of Legius syndrome.

7.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1027-1033, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994928

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics of patients with combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency type 4 (COXPD4) related to TUFM gene variation, in order to improve clinicians′ understanding of the disease. Methods:A case of COXPD4 with cystic leukodystrophy admitted to the Children′s Hospital of Zhengzhou University in June 2021 was taken as the study subject, and her clinical characteristics and genetic testing results were retrospectively analyzed. The "combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency type 4" " TUFM gene" "cystic leukodystrophy" "combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency 4" "COXPD 4" " TUFM" and "cystic leukodystrophy" were used as keywords, and the documents on COXPD4 related to TUFM gene mutations were reviewed from Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform, CNKI, PubMed Document Database, and National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) until August 2021. The COXPD4 patients that have been reported internationally were analyzed for clinical features and variant types. Results:The patient was a 2-month-old girl with clinical manifestations of delayed development and progressive aggravation, elevated lactic acid in serum and cerebrospinal fluid, and diffuse white matter dysplasia with multiple cystic lesions in cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Whole exome sequencing showed TUFM gene complex heterozygous variants c.684_684+4delGGTGA and c.1105C>T, which had not been reported in the past. A total of 5 cases of COXPD4 were reported in 4 English literatures. Together with 1 case in this study, there were 4 cases with detailed clinical history data, including 1 male and 3 females. The clinical manifestations were severe early-onset lactic acidosis and developmental lag, and 3 cases were accompanied by progressive infantile encephalopathy. Among them, 3 cases underwent head MRI examination, all of which showed diffuse white matter signal with multiple cystic lesions, 2 cases with basal ganglia involvement and multiple cerebellar gyri deformity. Genetic test indicated different types of TUFM gene variation. Conclusions:COXPD4 is a rare hereditary mitochondrial disease. For cases with COXPD4 clinical and imaging features, TUFM gene mutations can be screened first.

8.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 421-427, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994500

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the expression of glucose transporter 3 (GLUT3) in cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC), and to evaluate its effect on the cSCC cell line A431.Methods:From June 2016 to December 2020, 22 paraffin-embedded tissue specimens were collected from patients with pathologically confirmed cSCC in the Department of Dermatology, Peking University Third Hospital, and 20 discarded normal skin tissues after dermatological surgeries served as controls. Immunohistochemical assay was performed to determine the GLUT3 expression in cSCC tissues and normal skin tissues. Cultured A431 cells were divided into two groups: GLUT3 overexpression group transfected with a lentiviral vector carrying the SLC2A3 gene, and negative control group transfected with an empty lentiviral vector. Real-time fluorescence-based quantitative PCR and Western blot analysis were conducted to determine the mRNA and protein expression of GLUT3 in A431 cells in different groups, the cell proliferation assay (MTS assay) was performed to estimate the cell proliferative activity, and the live-cell analysis system Incucyte S3 was used for real-time evaluation of the migratory and invasive abilities of A431 cells in different groups. The relative glucose consumption and lactic acid production in A431 cells at 48 hours were measured by using glucose and lactic acid assay kits, retrospectively. Two independent samples t-test was used for comparisons between two groups, and one-way analysis of variance was used for comparisons among multiple groups. Results:The GLUT3 expression was significantly higher in the cSCC tissues than in the normal skin tissues (immunohistochemical assay score: 9.39 ± 2.56 points vs. 2.30 ± 2.60 points; t = 8.91, P < 0.05). Compared with the negative control group, the mRNA and protein expression of GLUT3 markedly increased in the GLUT3 overexpression group. MTS assay showed significantly increased proliferative activity of A431 cells in the GLUT3 overexpression group compared with the negative control group after 24- and 96-hour treatment ( t = 2.49, 3.54, P = 0.048, 0.012, respectively); cell fusion rates in the scratched area were significantly higher in the GLUT3 overexpression group than in the negative control group in the cell migration assay at 6, 12 18, and 24 hours and cell invasion assay at 12, 18, and 24 hours (all P < 0.05). At 48 hours, the relative glucose consumption and lactic acid production in A431 cells were significantly higher in the GLUT3 overexpression group than in the negative control group ( t = 2.98, 2.20, P = 0.011, 0.038, respectively) . Conclusion:GLUT3 was highly expressed in the cSCC tissues, and may participate in the occurrence and development of cSCC by providing energy to cSCC cells via promoting glucose uptake in cells to enhance their proliferative, migratory and invasive abilities.

9.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 201-205, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993578

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of 18F-prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-3Q PET/CT imaging in prostate cancer patients with serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) less than 1.00 μg/L after radical prostatectomy. Methods:From May 2021 to August 2022, 18F-PSMA-3Q PET/CT images and clinical data of 58 patients with prostate cancer (age 52-82 years) after radical prostatectomy with PSA less than 1.00 μg/L in Chinese PLA General Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. According to the level of PSA, patients were divided into three groups (0-0.19 μg/L group, 0.20-0.49 μg/L group, and 0.50-0.99 μg/L group). 18F-PSMA-3Q PET/CT images were analyzed according to the standardized evaluation criteria of molecular imaging, and lesions with the scores of molecular imaging PSMA (miPSMA)≥1 were defined as recurrent or metastatic lesions. The detection rates of 18F-PSMA-3Q PET/CT for patients in different PSA level groups were compared ( χ2 test). The PSA levels of patients with positive and negative scans were compared by using independent-sample t test. Results:Of the 58 patients, 36(62.1%, 36/58) patients and 85 lesions were found by 18F-PSMA-3Q PET/CT. There was 91.7%(33/36) with oligofocal lesions (1≤number of foci≤3) and 8.3%(3/36) with multiple lesions (number of foci>3). According to the location, 5.2%(3/58) of the recurrent lesions were found in the prostatic bed, 39.7%(23/58) in the bone lesions, 37.9%(22/58) in the pelvic lymph nodes, 12.0%(7/58) in the retroperitoneal lymph nodes and 5.2%(3/58) in the left clavicular lymph node metastases. There were 15 cases in 0-0.19 μg/L group, 22 cases in 0.20-0.49 μg/L group, and 21 cases in 0.50-0.99 μg/L group. The detection rates of 18F-PSMA-3Q PET/CT in the above groups were 5/15, 59.1%(13/22) and 85.7%(18/21), respectively ( χ2=10.33, P=0.006). There was significant difference in PSA level between patients with positive ( n=36) and negative ( n=22) 18F-PSMA-3Q PET/CT scans ((0.48±0.28) vs (0.28±0.25) μg/L; t=2.67, P=0.010). Conclusions:18F-PSMA-3Q PET/CT can be used to detect the recurrence or metastasis in prostate cancer patients with PSA level lower than 1.00 μg/L after radical prostatectomy. In this kind of patients, the common sites of lesions are bone, pelvic lymph nodes, retroperitoneal lymph nodes, left clavicular lymph nodes and prostatic bed, and oligofocal patients are more common.

10.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 218-224, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992079

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of over-expression of E2F transcription factor 1 (E2F1) on proliferation, invasion, apoptosis and radiosensitivity of glioma cell U251.Methods:Real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) were used to detect the differential expression of E2F1 mRNA in glioma cells LN18, SW1088, U251 and normal brain glial cells. The stable over-expression of E2F1 plasmid was constructed and transfected into U251 cells. qRT-PCR and Western blot test were used to detect the expression of E2F1, pituitary tumor transforming gene 1(PTTG1), C-Myc, B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl2-associated X (Bax) mRNA and protein expression in the control group and E2F1 over-expression group.U251 cells were divided into control group(no X-ray irradiation), irradiation group(6 Gy dose of X-ray), and irradiation + E2F1 over-expression group(transfected with E2F1 first, then irradiated by 6 Gy of X-ray). Cell proliferation ability was detected by cell counting Kit-8(CCK-8) cell viability detection reagent, and cell invasion and migration ability were detected by Transwell chamber. Apoptosis and cell cycle were detected by flow cytometry.GraphPad Prism 8.0 was used for data analysis.The statistical methods were one-way ANOVA and independent sample t-test. Results:qRT-PCR showed that there was statistical difference in the mRNA levels of E2F1( F=201.92, P<0.05) in different cell lines.The expression levels of E2F1 mRNA in LN18(4.04±0.29), SW1088(3.19±0.16)and U251(4.66±0.20) cells were higher than those in HEB(1.02±0.07)cells ( q=27.00, 19.40, 32.52, all P<0.05). After successfully constructing U251 cells with stable over-expression of E2F1 plasmid, qRT-PCR and Western blot detection results showed that: the mRNA and protein levels of E2F1, PTTG1, C-Myc and Bcl-2 in E2F1 over-expression group were higher than those in control group ( t=77.16, 57.88, 4.63, 51.13, 7.50, 70.85, 8.38, 48.81, all P<0.05). Bax mRNA(0.20±0.01) and protein(0.66±0.01) levels were lower than those in control group((1.00±0.02), (0.94±0.01)), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=1.74, 54.65, both P<0.05). After X-ray irradiation (6 Gy), CCK8 detection results showed: the proliferation ability of the three groups at 24, 48, 72 and 96 h were significantly different ( F=95.41, 187.53, 1 158.49, 7 883.78, all P<0.05). The proliferation capacity of the irradiation group were lower than those of the control group at 24, 48, 72 and 96 h ( q=19.51, 27.20, 66.60, 174.9, all P<0.05). The proliferation capacity of irradiation + E2F1 over-expression group at 24, 48, 72 and 96 h were higher than those of irradiation group ( q=10.63, 10.81, 21.11, 60.90, all P<0.05). Transwell assay results showed that there were significant differences in cell invasion and migration ability among the three groups ( F=315.38, 681.10, both P<0.05). The invasion and migration ability of cells in the irradiation group were lower than those in the control group ( q=35.09, 12.76, both P<0.05), and the invasion and migration ability of cells in the irradiation + E2F1 over-expression group were higher than those in the irradiation group ( q=52.06, 22.81, both P<0.05). Flow cytometry showed that there were significant differences in apoptosis rate and percentage of cells in each cycle among the three groups ( F=667.63, 3 213.30, 3 011.26, 861.98, all P<0.05). The percentage of the apoptosis rate, S phase and G2 phase cells in the irradiation group were higher than those in the control group ( q=51.10, 89.39, 51.82, all P<0.05), while the percentage of G1 phase cells in the irradiation group was lower than that in the control group ( q=141.2, P<0.05). The apoptosis rate and percentage of S phase and G2 phase cells in the irradiation + E2F1 over-expression group were lower than those in the irradiation group ( q=18.87, 41.42, 29.31, all P<0.05), while the number of G1 phase cells in the irradiation + E2F1 over-expression group was lower than that in the irradiation group ( q=70.73, P<0.05). Conclusion:Over-expression of E2F1 can reduce the radiosensitivity of glioma U251 cells by regulating the expression of mRNA and protein of genes related to cell cycle and apoptosis, and E2F1 may be involved in the radioresistance of glioma cells.

11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 524-527, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991354

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of flipped classroom model in the theory teaching of psychiatry for medical undergraduates.Methods:A total of 121 students from grade 2014 were randomly divided into observation group and control group. The observation group was given flipped classroom teaching and the control group was given traditional teaching. In order to evaluate the teaching effect of flipped classroom, the students in the observation group were evaluated by comparing the test scores of the two groups in class and using the self-made questionnaire. SPSS 18.0 was used to conduct t-test. Results:The results showed that the average score of the observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group ( P < 0.05). The results of teaching effect showed that there were 60 students in the observation group, among which 96.7% (58 students) believed that flipped classroom teaching was beneficial to promoting pre-class preview, improving teamwork ability, autonomous learning ability and teacher-student communication; 95.0% (57 students) thought they were satisfied with flipped classroom teaching, which was conducive to linking theory with practice; 93.3% (56 students) thought that they could arouse their interest in learning, improve their attention, and improve their ability to analyze and solve problems; 90.0% (54 students) thought flipped classroom was superior to traditional classroom and helpful to their future study; 86.7% (52 students) did not think their study burden was increased. Conclusion:The flipped classroom model can stimulate students' interest and attention, and promote the combination of independent learning and interactive learning, which has a better effect than the traditional teaching model in the theory teaching of psychiatry and is easily accepted by students. Therefore, it holds promise for application.

12.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 339-342, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990038

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the therapeutic efficacy and toxicity of oral Etoposide chemotherapy in children with disseminated medulloblastoma (MB) after the standard treatment plan.Methods:The clinical data of 86 children with disseminated MB admitted in the Department of Pediatrics, Beijing Shijitan Hospital of Capital Medical University from January 2016 to May 2020 were analyzed retrospectively.The median age of children was 8.8 (3.0-16.7) years old.Among them, 33 children treated with maintenance chemotherapy via oral Etoposide were included in the chemotherapy group, and 53 children without oral maintenance chemotherapy were included in the non-chemotherapy group.The gender distribution, surgical resection range, pathological type, molecular classification, postoperative mutism, M-stage and survival[progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS)] of the 2 groups were compared.The main adverse events of oral Etoposide chemotherapy were recorded. Chi- square test is used for data comparison, Kaplan-Meier method was used to plot the survival curve of disseminated MB patients, followed by the Log- rank test. Results:There were no significant differences in gender, surgical resection range, pathological type, molecular typing, postoperative mutism and M-stage between the 2 groups (all P>0.05). Of 86 patients, the median PFS and OS were 3.0 (0.2-6.3) years, and 3.6 (0.5-6.3) years, respectively.Twenty five cases (29.1%) relapsed, 13 cases (15.1%) died.The 3-year[(65.8±6.8)% vs.(82.0±7.3)%] and 5-year PFS[(56.8±7.7)% vs.(82.0±7.3)%] in non-chemotherapy group were significantly lower than those of chemotherapy group ( P=0.037). The 3-year[(81.6±5.6)% vs.100.0%] and 5-year OS[(71.2±7.7)% vs.(92.3±7.4)%] in non-chemotherapy group were significantly lower than those of chemotherapy group ( P=0.025). Among the children with the SHH subtype, the PFS of children with oral Etoposide maintenance chemotherapy after a regular treatment was significantly higher than that without oral maintenance chemotherapy (100.0% vs.57.1%)( P=0.021). The major adverse events of oral Etoposide were myelosuppression and gastrointestinal symptoms, which were mostly relieved after a symptomatic treatment.Treatment-related deaths were not reported. Conclusions:The prognosis of disseminated MB in children is relatively poor.Oral Etoposide for maintenance therapy after a standard treatment is beneficial in reducing relapse and improving the 5-year survival, which is well tolerated.

13.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 471-479, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986878

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop and validate a three-year risk prediction model for new-onset cardiovascular diseases (CVD) among female patients with breast cancer.@*METHODS@#Based on the data from Inner Mongolia Regional Healthcare Information Platform, female breast cancer patients over 18 years old who had received anti-tumor treatments were included. The candidate predictors were selected by Lasso regression after being included according to the results of the multivariate Fine & Gray model. Cox proportional hazard model, Logistic regression model, Fine & Gray model, random forest model, and XGBoost model were trained on the training set, and the model performance was evaluated on the testing set. The discrimination was evaluated by the area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC), and the calibration was evaluated by the calibration curve.@*RESULTS@#A total of 19 325 breast cancer patients were identified, with an average age of (52.76±10.44) years. The median follow-up was 1.18 [interquartile range (IQR): 2.71] years. In the study, 7 856 patients (40.65%) developed CVD within 3 years after the diagnosis of breast cancer. The final selected variables included age at diagnosis of breast cancer, gross domestic product (GDP) of residence, tumor stage, history of hypertension, ischemic heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease, type of surgery, type of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. In terms of model discrimination, when not considering survival time, the AUC of the XGBoost model was significantly higher than that of the random forest model [0.660 (95%CI: 0.644-0.675) vs. 0.608 (95%CI: 0.591-0.624), P < 0.001] and Logistic regression model [0.609 (95%CI: 0.593-0.625), P < 0.001]. The Logistic regression model and the XGBoost model showed better calibration. When considering survival time, Cox proportional hazard model and Fine & Gray model showed no significant difference for AUC [0.600 (95%CI: 0.584-0.616) vs. 0.615 (95%CI: 0.599-0.631), P=0.188], but Fine & Gray model showed better calibration.@*CONCLUSION@#It is feasible to develop a risk prediction model for new-onset CVD of breast cancer based on regional medical data in China. When not considering survival time, the XGBoost model and the Logistic regression model both showed better performance; Fine & Gray model showed better performance in consideration of survival time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Adolescent , Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Proportional Hazards Models , Logistic Models , China/epidemiology
14.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 265-268, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969982

ABSTRACT

To explore the regulating effect of acupuncture on pain based on the three dimensions of pain (pain sensation, pain emotion and pain cognition). The pain sensation is related to the body, the pain emotion is related to the seven emotions, the pain cognition is related to the mind of the five zang, and the three dimensions of pain interact with each other. Through the two ways of "regulating qi to treat mind" and "treating mind to regulate qi ", acupuncture comprehensively acts on pain sensation, pain emotion and pain cognition to achieve comprehensive regulation of pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Analgesia , Acupuncture Therapy , Emotions , Cognition , Pain
15.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 259-264, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969832

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics of abnormal liver function in patients with advanced esophageal squamous carcinoma treated with programmed death-1 (PD-1) antibody SHR-1210 alone or in combination with apatinib and chemotherapy. Methods: Clinical data of 73 patients with esophageal squamous carcinoma from 2 prospective clinical studies conducted at the Cancer Hospital Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from May 11, 2016, to November 19, 2019, were analyzed, and logistic regression analysis was used for the analysis of influencing factors. Results: Of the 73 patients, 35 had abnormal liver function. 13 of the 43 patients treated with PD-1 antibody monotherapy (PD-1 monotherapy group) had abnormal liver function, and the median time to first abnormal liver function was 55 days. Of the 30 patients treated with PD-1 antibody in combination with apatinib and chemotherapy (PD-1 combination group), 22 had abnormal liver function, and the median time to first abnormal liver function was 41 days. Of the 35 patients with abnormal liver function, 2 had clinical symptoms, including malaise and loss of appetite, and 1 had jaundice. 28 of the 35 patients with abnormal liver function returned to normal and 7 improved to grade 1, and none of the patients had serious life-threatening or fatal liver function abnormalities. Combination therapy was a risk factor for patients to develop abnormal liver function (P=0.007). Conclusions: Most of the liver function abnormalities that occur during treatment with PD-1 antibody SHR-1210 alone or in combination with apatinib and chemotherapy are mild, and liver function can return to normal or improve with symptomatic treatment. For patients who receive PD-1 antibody in combination with targeted therapy and chemotherapy and have a history of long-term previous smoking, alcohol consumption and hepatitis B virus infection, liver function should be monitored and actively managed in a timely manner.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/drug therapy , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Prospective Studies , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Liver Diseases/etiology
16.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 193-199, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981854

ABSTRACT

Talent is one of the basic and strategic supports for building a modern socialist country in all aspects. Since the 1980s, the establishment of forensic medicine major and the cultivation of innovative talents in forensic medicine have become hot topics in higher education in forensic medicine. Over the past 43 years, the forensic medicine team of Shanxi Medical University has adhered to the joint education of public security and colleges, and made collaborative innovation, forming a training mode of "One Combination, Two Highlights, Three Combinations, Four in One" for innovative talents in forensic medicine. It has carried out "5+3/X" integrated reform, and formed a relatively complete talent training innovation mode and management system in teaching, scientific research, identification, major, discipline, team, platform and cultural construction. It has made a historic contribution to China's higher forensic education, accumulated valuable experience for the construction of first-class major and first-class discipline of forensic medicine, and provided strong support for the construction of the national new forensic talent training system. The popularization of this training mode is conducive to the rapid and sustainable development of forensic science, and provides more excellent forensic talents for national building, regional social development and the discipline construction of forensic science.


Subject(s)
Humans , Forensic Medicine/education , Aptitude
17.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4275-4294, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008026

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to prepare tandem multimeric proteins of BmSPI38, a silkworm protease inhibitor, with better structural homogeneity, higher activity and stronger antifungal ability by protein engineering. The tandem multimeric proteins of BmSPI38 were prepared by prokaryotic expression technology. The effects of tandem multimerization on the structural homogeneity, inhibitory activity and antifungal ability of BmSPI38 were explored by in-gel activity staining of protease inhibitor, protease inhibition assays and fungal growth inhibition experiments. Activity staining showed that the tandem expression based on the peptide flexible linker greatly improved the structural homogeneity of BmSPI38 protein. Protease inhibition experiments showed that the tandem trimerization and tetramerization based on the linker improved the inhibitory ability of BmSPI38 to microbial proteases. Conidial germination assays showed that His6-SPI38L-tetramer had stronger inhibition on conidial germination of Beauveria bassiana than that of His6-SPI38-monomer. Fungal growth inhibition assay showed that the inhibitory ability of BmSPI38 against Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Candida albicans could be enhanced by tandem multimerization. The present study successfully achieved the heterologous active expression of the silkworm protease inhibitor BmSPI38 in Escherichia coli, and confirmed that the structural homogeneity and antifungal ability of BmSPI38 could be enhanced by tandem multimerization. This study provides important theoretical basis and new strategies for cultivating antifungal transgenic silkworm. Moreover, it may promote the exogenous production of BmSPI38 and its application in the medical field.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antifungal Agents/pharmacology , Escherichia coli/metabolism , Proteins/metabolism , Protease Inhibitors/chemistry , Bombyx/chemistry , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolism , Peptide Hydrolases
18.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 779-782, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007852

ABSTRACT

In August 2021, three students with diarrhea from the same school visited a local hospital in the S district of Beijing. An epidemic investigation showed that there were more students with diarrhea in the same school and they had one meal together. Campylobacter jejuni was isolated from both patients with diarrhea and asymptomatic food handlers; however, the latter also carried Campylobacter coli. Phylogenomic analysis showed that there was a campylobacteriosis outbreak among the students, and the asymptomatic food handler may have been the source of the infection. Routine inspection and surveillance for Campylobacter is needed for the food producing staff, particularly those cooking in the cafeteria in schools or other public food services.


Subject(s)
Humans , Campylobacter Infections/epidemiology , Gastroenteritis , Diarrhea , Campylobacter , Disease Outbreaks
19.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1134-1138, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007456

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of acupuncture, Chinese medication and combination of acupuncture and medication in the treatment of dry eye complicated with computer vision syndrome (CVS).@*METHODS@#A total of 152 patients with dry eye complicated with CVS were randomly divided into an acupuncture-medication group (38 cases, 1 case was removed), an acupuncture group (38 cases, 1 case dropped off), a Chinese medication group (38 cases, 1 case was removed), and a western medication group (38 cases, 1 case dropped off). In the western medication group, sodium hyaluronate eye drop combined with esculin and digitalis glycosides eye drop were used. In the acupuncture group, acupuncture was applied at bilateral Taiyang (EX-HN 5), Cuanzhu (BL 2), Fengchi (GB 20), Qimen (LR 14) , and Hegu (LI 4) etc., once a day. In the Chinese medication group, Yiqi Congming decoction formula ganule was given orally, one dose a day. In the acupuncture-medication group, acupuncture combined with Yiqi Congming decoction formula granule were used. All groups were treated for 14 d. The non-invasive first tear film break-up time (NIBUT f), non-invasive average tear film break-up time (NIBUT av), tear meniscus height (TMH), ocular surface disease index (OSDI) score, and CVS symptom score were compared between the patients of each group before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the NIBUT f, NIBUT av, and TMH were increased compared with those before treatment in the patients of the 4 groups (P<0.01); the NIBUT f and NIBUT av in the acupuncture-medication group and the acupuncture group were higher than those in the Chinese medication group and the western medication group (P<0.05), and the TMH in the acupuncture-medication group and the Chinese medication group were higher than those in the acupuncture group and the western medication group (P<0.05). After treatment, the OSDI scores, the various scores and total scores of CVS (except for head symptom score in the western medication group) were decreased compared with those before treatment in the patients of the 4 groups (P<0.01). The OSDI score, total score, eye symptom score, and body symptom score of CVS in the acupuncture-medication group were lower than those in the acupuncture group, the Chinese medication group, and the western medication group (P<0.01, P<0.05), the head symptom score of the acupuncture-medication group was lower than that in the western medication group (P<0.05), and the CVS physical symptom scores and mental cognitive symptom scores of the acupuncture-medication group and the acupuncture group were lower than those in the Chinese medication group and the western medication group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture has advantages in improving NIBUT f, NIBUT av, and CVS physical symptoms and cognitive symptoms, and the Chinese medication has advantage in improving TMH. The combination of acupuncture and Chinese medication has better effects compared with monotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dry Eye Syndromes/etiology , Acupuncture Therapy , Computers , Treatment Outcome , Acupuncture Points , Ophthalmic Solutions
20.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 590-593, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004790

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To study the risk factors of blood donors confirmed to be positive for syphilis, so as to avoid highrisk groups, guide the recruitment of blood donors and improve blood safety. 【Methods】 From September 2021 to August 2022, 44 514 blood samples were screened using two enzyme-linked immunosorbent reagents for syphilis, and the reactive samples were confirmed by TPPA. Blood collection time, blood collection location, blood donation numbers, gender, age, marital status and educational level of blood donors were taken as the prediction risk factors, and factors with statistically significant differences by univariate Logistic regression analysis were further analyzed using multivariate factor Logistic regression analysis to determine the final independent risk factors. 【Results】 A total of 121 syphilis antibody reactive samples were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and 64 were confirmed positive by TPPA. Excluding those with incomplete information, a total of 44 505 blood donors were included in the analysis. Logistic regression analysis showed that there were statistically significant differences in blood collection location, blood donation numbers, age and education level. 【Conclusion】 Based on the analysis results of risk factors of syphilis positive blood donors in Wuhu, it is necessary to strengthen the consultation of blood donors in blood donation sites. The high-risk groups are first-time blood donors over 50 years old, with education level of junior high school or below.

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