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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936287

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To clarify the functional effects of differential expression of ring finger and tryptophan-aspartic acid 2 (RFWD2) on dendritic development and formation of dendritic spines in cerebral cortex neurons of mice.@*METHODS@#Immunofluorescent staining was used to identify the location and global expression profile of RFWD2 in mouse brain and determine the co-localization of RFWD2 with the synaptic proteins in the cortical neurons. We also examined the effects of RFWD2 over-expression (RFWD2-Myc) and RFWD2 knockdown (RFWD2-shRNA) on dendritic development, dendritic spine formation and synaptic function in cultured cortical neurons.@*RESULTS@#RFWD2 is highly expressed in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus of mice, and its expression level was positively correlated with the development of cerebral cortex neurons and dendrites. RFWD2 expression was detected on the presynaptic membrane and postsynaptic membrane of the neurons, and its expression levels were positively correlated with the length, number of branches and complexity of the dendrites. In cultured cortical neurons, RFWD2 overexpression significantly lowered the expressions of the synaptic proteins synaptophysin (P < 0.01) and postsynapic density protein 95 (P < 0.01), while RFWD2 knockdown significantly increased their expressions (both P < 0.05). Compared with the control and RFWD2-overexpressing cells, the neurons with RFWD2 knockdown showed significantly reduced number of dendritic spines (both P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#RFWD2 can regulate the expression of the synaptic proteins, the development of the dendrites, the formation of the dendritic spines and synaptic function in mouse cerebral cortex neurons through ubiquitination of Pea3 family members and c-Jun, which may serve as potential treatment targets for neurological diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aspartic Acid/metabolism , Cerebral Cortex , Dendritic Spines/metabolism , Mice , Neurons/metabolism , Synapses , Tryptophan/metabolism
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936234

ABSTRACT

Objective: Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) was used to study the effect of aging on the neuroimaging characteristics of cerebral cortex in the process of speech perception. Method: Thirty-four adults with normal hearing were recruited from March 2021 to June 2021, including 17 in the young group, with 6 males, 11 females, age (32.1±5.0) years, age range 20-39 years. and 17 in the elderly group, with 6 males, 11 females, age (63.2±2.8) years, age range 60-70 years. The test material was the sentence table of the Mandarin Hearing Test in Noise (MHINT). The task state block experiment design was adopted, and the temporal lobe, Broca's area, Wernicke's area, motor cortex were used as regions of interest. Objective brain imaging technology (fNIRS) combined with subjective psychophysical testing method was used to analyze the activation area and degree of cerebral cortex related to auditory speech perception in the elderly and young people under different listening conditions (quiet, signal-to-noise ratio of 10 dB, 5 dB, 0 dB, -5 dB). SPSS 23 software was used for statistical analysis. Result: The activation area and degree of activation in the elderly group were lower than those in the young group under each task condition; The number of activation channels in the young group were significantly more than those in the old group, and the number of activation channels in the left hemisphere were more than those in the right hemisphere, but there was no difference in the number of activation channels. There were more channels affected by age in the left hemisphere than in the right hemisphere. The activation degree of the young group when the signal-to-noise ratio was 0 dB was significantly higher than that of other signal-to-noise ratio conditions (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in the old group under the five conditions (P>0.05). The speech recognition score of the young group was higher than that of the old group under all conditions. When the quiet and signal-to-noise ratio was 10 dB, the correct score of the two groups was equal or close to 100%. With the gradual decrease of signal-to-noise ratio, there was a significant difference between the two groups when the signal-to-noise ratio was 5 dB. The speech recognition accuracy of the young group decreased significantly when the signal-to-noise ratio was 0 dB, while that of the old group decreased significantly when the signal-to-noise ratio was 5 dB. Conclusions: With the increase of age, the speech perception in noisy environment and the activity of cerebral cortex gradually deteriorate, and the speech dominance hemisphere (left hemisphere) will be significantly affected by aging. The overall activation area and activation degree of the elderly under different speech tasks are lower than those of the young.


Subject(s)
Acoustic Stimulation/methods , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Auditory Cortex/physiology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared , Speech Perception/physiology , Technology , Young Adult
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929054

ABSTRACT

Marine fungi are important members of the marine microbiome, which have been paid growing attention by scientists in recent years. The secondary metabolites of marine fungi have been reported to contain rich and diverse compounds with novel structures (Chen et al., 2019). Aspergillus terreus, the higher level marine fungus of the Aspergillus genus (family of Trichocomaceae, order of Eurotiales, class of Eurotiomycetes, phylum of Ascomycota), is widely distributed in both sea and land. In our previous study, the coral-derived A. terreus strain C23-3 exhibited potential in producing other biologically active (with antioxidant, acetylcholinesterase inhibition, and anti-inflammatory activity) compounds like arylbutyrolactones, territrems, and isoflavones, and high sensitivity to the chemical regulation of secondary metabolism (Yang et al., 2019, 2020; Nie et al., 2020; Ma et al., 2021). Moreover, we have isolated two different benzaldehydes, including a benzaldehyde with a novel structure, from A. terreus C23-3 which was derived from Pectinia paeonia of Xuwen, Zhanjiang City, Guangdong Province, China.


Subject(s)
Acetylcholinesterase/metabolism , Animals , Anthozoa/microbiology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Aspergillus/chemistry , Benzaldehydes/pharmacology , Mice , Signal Transduction
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928917

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To solve the ESB bus performance and safety problems caused by the explosive growth of the hospital's business, and to ensure the stable interaction of the hospital's business system.@*METHODS@#Taking the construction of our hospital's information system as an example, we used AlwaysOn, load balancing and other technologies to optimize the ESB bus architecture to achieve high availability and scalability of the hospital's ESB bus.@*RESULTS@#The ESB bus high-availability architecture effectively eliminates multiple points of failure. Compared with the traditional dual-machine Cluster solution, the security is significantly improved. The nodes based on load balancing can be scaled horizontally according to the growth of the hospital's business volume.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The construction of the ESB bus high-availability architecture effectively solves the performance and security issues caused by business growth, and provides practical experience for medical information colleagues. It has certain guiding significance for the development of regional medical information.


Subject(s)
Hospital Information Systems , Information Systems
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928903

ABSTRACT

A high-precision human metabolic measurement system is designed. The system uses STM32F103 as the main control chip to acquire oxygen, carbon dioxide and flow signals to calculate four quantitative indicators: oxygen consumption(VO2), carbon dioxide production(VCO2), respiratory entropy(RQ) and resting energy metabolism(REE), and finally uses an upper computer to display the calculation results.In this paper, the signal acquisition circuit design was carried out for the oxygen sensor, carbon dioxide sensor and flow sensor, and the validity of the device was verified with the American machine MGCDiagnositcs using Bland-Altman analysis method, and the results showed that the four parameters of VO2,VCO2, RQ and REE of both devices fell in the agreement interval of more than 95%. The device thus provides accurate metabolic measurements and offers an effective tool for the field of general health and clinical nutrition support in China.


Subject(s)
Calorimetry, Indirect , Carbon Dioxide/metabolism , Energy Metabolism , Humans , Oxygen , Oxygen Consumption
6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 118-122, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906745

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To explore the effects of different intensity aerobic exercises on macular retinal vascular density in patients with primary open angle glaucoma(POAG). <p>METHODS: Prospective case-control study, 88 eyes of 48 patients with POAG diagnosed in our hospital from January 2019 to April 2021 were included(POAG group), 43 cases(86 eyes)were included in the normal control group(control group). The fundus photographic examination without mydriasis was performed with a mydriatic fundus camera, and the operation and film reading were carried out by a special ophthalmologist. Macular vascular density was measured by macular vascular segmentation method. According to macular vascular density, 48 patients with POAG were divided into low vascular density group and high vascular density group, with 24 cases in each group. 48 patients with POAG were instructed to perform treadmill load exercise to compare the vascular density levels in macular area of patients with high intensity(76%-87% HRmax), moderate intensity(64%-75% HRmax)and low intensity(52%-63% HRmax).<p>RESULTS: The vascular density in macular area of control group was significantly higher than that of POAG group; Compared with the high vascular density group, the age and systolic blood pressure were significantly higher in the low vascular density group, and the body weight was significantly lower; In both low and high vascular density groups, the retinal vascular density of macular area under moderate intensity aerobic exercise was significantly higher than that of low intensity and high intensity aerobic exercise; Systolic blood pressure and aerobic exercise were the influencing factors of vascular density in macular area; the above results showed statistically significant differences(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: Systolic blood pressure and aerobic exercise are factors affecting macular vascular density, and moderate intensity aerobic exercise can significantly increase macular vascular density.

7.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 430-435, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935885

ABSTRACT

Recently, among the edentulous patients who undergo dental implants, the proportion of hypertensive patients remains high, which poses a greater challenge for clinicians to operate and to maintain the therapeutic effect. The present review comprehensively summarized clinical researches about the adverse effects on dental implants, outlined molecular mechanisms of the positive effects of various antihypertensive drugs on bone metabolism, and proposed that clinicians should select preventive strategies during preoperative and intraoperative procedures according to the blood pressure of patients with hypertension.


Subject(s)
Alveolar Bone Loss , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/methods , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Dental Restoration Failure , Humans , Hypertension/surgery , Jaw, Edentulous , Maxilla/surgery , Risk Assessment
8.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 242-250, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935857

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To study the design of nonmetallic crowns for deciduous molars by means of computer aided design and to analyze the key parameters of the nonmetallic crowns of deciduous molars using finite element method. Methods: The three-dimensional model of a mandibular second primary molar was constructed by using a micro-CT system. The thickness of the crown was limited to 0.5 mm and four different crown shapes (chamfer+anatomic, chamfer+non-anatomic, knife edge+anatomic and knife edge+non-anatomic) were designed. Then, the crown shape was limited as chamfer+non-anatomic and five different thicknesses of the crown (0.50, 0.75, 1.00, 1.25, 1.50 mm) were designed, and three different materials, including polyetherketoneketone (PEKK), polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) resin and resin-infiltrated ceramic, were applied to make the crown. Stress distribution and fatigue of each component of the model under vertical and oblique loadings were analyzed by using finite element method. Non-axial retention analysis was performed on chamfer+non-anatomic crowns, made of PMMA resin, with thicknesses of 0.50, 0.75, 1.00, 1.25 and 1.50 mm. Results: Among the four crown shape designs, the chamfer+non-anatomic type crown showed the lowest von Mises stress and the highest safety factor. By comparing three different materials, the resin-infiltrated ceramic group showed obvious stress concentration on the buccal edge of the crown and the PEKK group showed stress concentration in the adhesive layer. Results of non-axial retention analysis showed that the torques required by the crowns with five thicknesses at the same rotation angle were as follows: 4 856.1, 4 038.1, 3 497.3, 3 256.3 and 3 074.3 N⋅m, respectively. The comparison of areas of the adhesives fracture among groups were as follows: 0.5 mm group < 0.75 mm group < 1.00 mm group < 1.25 mm group < 1.50 mm group. Conclusions: In the design of nonmetallic crowns for primary molars, the edge of the crown should be designed as chamfer, the shape of the inner crown should be non-anatomical and the minimum preparation amount of the occlusal surface should be 1.00 mm. Among the three materials, PMMA resin, of which elastic modulus is similar to the dentin and the dental adhesive, might be the most suitable material for the crowns of primary molars.


Subject(s)
Ceramics , Crowns , Dental Stress Analysis/methods , Finite Element Analysis , Molar
9.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 426-434, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935715

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effects of a high-protein diet on anthropometric indices and blood lipid in overweight and obese children and provide evidence for their dietary management. Methods: This was a Meta-analysis. The randomized controlled trials on the effects of a high-protein diet on anthropometric indices and blood lipid in overweight and obese children published up to January 19, 2022 were searched in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane Library and CNKI database, with the key words of "child" "adolescent" "obesity" "overweight" "pediatric obesity" "weight loss" "dietary protein" "dietary carbohydrate" "caloric restrict" both in English and Chinese. The quality of the included literature was evaluated according to the "risk of bias" assessment tool, which included bias from the randomization process, deviation from intended interventions, missing outcome data, measurement of the outcome and selection of the reported results. Moreover, calculated the pooled mean difference, perform heterogeneity test, and assess publication bias. Results: A total of 8 articles were selected from the retrieved 4 836 articles, all in English. The sample sizes ranged from 4 to 120. The analysis showed that the post-intervention body mass index (mean difference (MD)=-0.66, 95%CI -1.76-0.44), body mass index Z-scores (MD=-0.09, 95%CI-0.23-0.05), fat content percentage (MD=-1.07, 95%CI-2.88-0.74), high density lipoprotein (MD=0.02, 95%CI-0.02-0.06) and low density lipoprotein (MD=0.04, 95%CI-0.08-0.17) were not significantly different with those of the standard protein diet group, with P values being 0.240, 0.220, 0.250, 0.360 and 0.480, respectively. Subgroup analysis showed that after excluding one study, the difference in body mass index between the short-term intervention group and control group was statistically significant (MD=-1.60, 95%CI-3.14--0.06, P=0.040). Conclusions: A short-term high-protein diet intervention seems to improve the body mass index status of overweight and obese children. Nevertheless, a high-protein diet does not affect any other selected anthropometric indices and blood lipids. More studies with large sample sizes, higher quality and comparable standard of high-protein diet are needed for further demonstration.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Diet, High-Protein , Humans , Lipids , Overweight , Pediatric Obesity , Weight Loss
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934432

ABSTRACT

Objective:In order to allow the large instruments to play the greatest role in scientific research management and technology coverage.Methods:Texts review of the opening and sharing of large-scale instrument platforms of domestic and foreign universities and scientific research institutions was conducted, combined with the experience of more than 10-year operation of the technology platform of State Key Laboratory of Natural and Biomimetic Drugs of Peking University.Results:There are particular problems in the opening and sharing of large-scale instrument technology service platforms at this stage. Through building the hierarchical management of large instruments and equipment, building an efficient and flexible shared management information system, introducing high-level instrument management and high-level talents, and strengthening the security management of the shared platform, State Key Laboratory of Natural and Biomimetic Drugs of Peking University realized the opening and sharing of large-scale instrument technology service platforms. We consider that the current large-scale instrument technology service platforms of universities and research institutes are necessary and feasible to be shared. It is greatly significant to improve the utilization rate of scientific research instruments and to innovate to the ability of the whole society.Conclusions:At this stage, efficient management, system capabilities, and team building can effectively promote the opening and sharing of large-scale instrument technology service platforms.

11.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 164-168, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933775

ABSTRACT

Clinical data and genetic mutation characteristics of a patient with Coffin-Siris syndrome by 6q25.3 deletion were summarized. The child was a 7-year and 6-month old girl who had feeding difficulties, repeated infection, language and motor retardation, low intelligence, laryngeal cartilage dysplasia, thick eyebrows, sparse teeth, hairy back, hyperactivity and aggressive behavior, seizures and ataxia. There was no abnormality in chromosomal karyotype analysis by proband; genomic copy number variant sequencing (CNV-seq) indicated approximately 4.27 Mb heterozygous deletion in chromosome 6q25.3 region, with 17 genes including ARID1B gene, father maternal CNV-seq showing no abnormalities. Trio-whole-exome sequencing showed the proband missed all exons 1-20 of the ARID1B gene, with wild-type parents. The proband had severe clinical symptoms and haplodose insufficiency which was the genetic etiology.

12.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 235-237, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933531

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of indirect immunofluorescence on salt-split skin (IIF-SSS) in the diagnosis of bullous pemphigoid (BP) .Methods:A single-center clinical retrospective study was conducted. Totally, 163 patients with newly diagnosed BP were collected from Hospital of Dermatology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 2013 to January 2019, so were 404 controls, including 161 with pemphigus, 67 with eczema, 26 with drug eruption, 23 with erythema multiforme, 18 with prurigo nodularis, etc. Blood samples were collected before the treatment, and IIF-SSS, BP180 NC16A enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and direct immunofluorescence (DIF) assay were performed to evaluate the value of IIF-SSS in the diagnosis of BP. Measurement data were compared by using t test and Mann-Whitney test, and enumeration data were compared by using chi-square test and Fisher′s exact test or McNemar test. Results:The number of cases positive for IIF-SSS, BP180 NC16A ELISA and DIF assay was 160, 153 and 127 respectively in the BP group, and 0, 18 and 26 respectively in the control group. The sensitivities of IIF-SSS, BP180 NC16A ELISA and DIF assay for the diagnosis of BP were 98.15%, 93.86% and 77.91% respectively, and their specificities were 100%, 95.54% and 93.56% respectively. There was strong consistency in the diagnosis of BP between IIF-SSS and DIF (Kappa coefficient= 0.767, P < 0.001) . Conclusion:IIF-SSS has relatively high sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of BP, and can serve as a routine method for diagnosing BP.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933505

ABSTRACT

Objective:To optimize indirect immunofluorescence on salt-split skin (IIF-SSS), and to evaluate its performance in detection of bullous pemphigoid (BP) antibodies.Methods:Normal human foreskin and non-foreskin skin tissues were used to prepare salt-split substrates under 3 different experimental conditions: traditional group rotated at 4 ℃ for 48 - 72 hours, low-temperature immersion group soaked at 4 ℃ for 48 - 72 hours, room-temperature immersion group soaked at 25 ℃ (range: 23 - 27 ℃) for 24 hours. Serum samples were obtained from 20 patients with bullous pemphigoid (BP) in Hospital of Dermatology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences between August 2019 and August 2020, and subjected to IIF on the intact skin or salt-split substrates by using a multiple dilution method. Paired-sample t test was used for comparisons of means between two paired samples. Results:No dermal-epidermal separation was observed in the substrates prepared in the low-temperature immersion group at 48 - 72 hours, while dermal-epidermal separation occurred in the lower lamina lucida of the foreskin and non-foreskin substrates in the room-temperature immersion group and the traditional group. For the 20 patients with BP, the reciprocal end-point titers ( M[ Q1, Q3]) detected with the salt-split non-foreskin skin and salt-split foreskin in the room-temperature immersion group, and with the salt-split non-foreskin skin in the traditional group were 5 120 (2 560, 17 920), 1 280 (640, 2 560), 1 280 (640, 2 560), respectively. Moreover, 19 (95%) patients with BP showed that the reciprocal end-point titers detected with the substrates in the room-temperature immersion group were 1 - 5 times those in the traditional group ( t = 8.04, P<0.001), suggesting that the performance of salt-split skin in the room-temperature immersion group was superior to that in the traditional group in the detection of BP antibodies; however, there was no significant difference in the reciprocal end-point titers of BP antibodies between the salt-split foreskin in the room-temperature immersion group and salt-split non-foreskin skin in the traditional group ( t<0.001, P>0.05). The reciprocal end-point titers in 20 BP sera detected by conventional IIF on the intact non-foreskin skin and foreskin were 320 (160, 640) and 480 (160, 1 120), respectively; the reciprocal end-point titers detected by IIF on the salt-split foreskin and non-foreskin skin in the room-temperature immersion group, as well as on the salt-split non-foreskin skin in the traditional group, were all consistent with or 1 - 7 times higher than those detected by conventional IIF ( t = 6.47, 14.83, 5.26, respectively, all P<0.001) . Conclusion:The soaking method at room temperature 25 ℃ (23 - 27 ℃) for preparing salt-split substrates has advantages of short duration and simple procedure, and the sensitivity of IIF-SSS using the substrates prepared by this method is equal or superior to the traditional salt-split method for detecting BP antibodies.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931028

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSC) on the apoptosis of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in diabetic retinopathy (DR) model rats and on the regulation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK) pathway.Methods:Forty-five SPF male 8-week old SD rats were selected.The DR rat model was established by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ) combined with a high-sugar and high-fat diet.The fasting blood glucose (FBG) and body weight of the rats were measured every week during the high-sugar and high-fat diet, and fundus angiography was used to observe the circulation and leakage of retinal blood vessels.Forty rats with successful modeling were randomly divided into model group and hUC-MSC injection group according to the random number table method, with 20 rats in each group.Another 20 normal rats fed routinely were served as control group, and intraperitoneally injected with the same amount of citric acid buffer.The hUC-MSC injection group was injected intravitreously with hUC-MSC, and the control group and model group were injected intravitreously with the same amount of phosphate buffer saline (PBS). Fluoro gold (FG) retrograde tracer labeling RGCs was used to observe the number of survived RGCs.Hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to observe the pathological changes of retina.TUNEL method was used to observe the apoptosis of RGCs.Western blot was used to detect B cell lymphoma /leukemia-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax), p38MAPK and phosphorylated (p-) p38MAPK protein expression in retinal tissues.The use and care of the rats complied with the ARVO statement.The study protocol was approved by an Animal Ethics Committee of Zhengzhou central Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University (NO.2980316).Results:The FBG of control rats was maintained at a normal level, and the body weight gradually increased over time, and was gradually decreased as the course of disease prolonged.The retinal blood vessels ran normally without fluorescein leakage in the control group.In the modeling group, the FBG was maintained at a high level, and the body weight increased slowly and gradually decreased with the prolongation of the disease course since the second week after modeling.The distal retinal vessels were found twisted with large area of capillary fluorescein leakage in the modeling group.The density of RGCs in the control group, model group and hUC-MSC injection group were (2 136.10±215.17), (849.40±167.82), (1 549.20±183.26) cells/mm 2, with significant overall differences ( F=115.218, P<0.01). The density of RGCs in the model group and the hUC-MSC injection group were significantly lower than that of the control group, and the density of RGCs in the hUC-MSC injection group was significantly higher than that of the model group, and the differences were statistically significant (all at P<0.05). The retina in the control group was with clear structure, distinct layers, and a large number of complete RGCs.The number of RGCs in the model group was significantly reduced with nuclear pyknosis, thinned and atrophied RGC layer.The retinal structure was relatively complete, and there were more RGCs in the hUC-MSC injection group than the model group.The apoptosis rates of RGCs in the control group, model group and hUC-MSC injection group were (2.16±1.11)%, (43.47±2.26)%, (20.75±2.18)%, with significant overall difference ( F=445.159, P<0.01). The apoptosis rates of RGCs in the model group and hUC-MSC injection group were significantly higher than that of the control group, and the apoptosis rate of RGCs in the hUC-MSC injection group was lower than that of the model group, and the differences were statistically significant (all at P<0.05). There were statistically significant differences in the relative expression levels of Bax, Bcl-2 and p-p38MAPK proteins in the retina tissues among the three groups ( F=30.982, 12.526, 73.158, all at P<0.01). The relative expression of Bax and p-p38MAPK protein were significantly higher, and the relative expression of Bcl-2 protein was significantly lower in the hUC-MSC injection group and the hUC-MSC injection group than those of the control group, and the differences were statistically significant (all at P<0.05). The relative expression of Bax and p-p38MAPK protein was significantly lower, and the relative expression of Bcl-2 protein was significantly higher in the hUC-MSC injection group than those in the model group, and the differences were statistically significant (all at P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the relative expression of p38MAPK protein among the three groups ( F=1.182, P=0.322). Conclusions:Intravitreal injection of hUC-MSC can inhibit the apoptosis of RGCs in DR model rats and protect the retinal structure of rats, which may play an anti-apoptotic effect by inhibiting the p38MAPK signaling pathway.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930383

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) at the initial visit on the survival of children with newly diagnosed medulloblastoma (MB).Methods:This was a case-control study involving 61 children with newly diagnosed MB at the Department of Pediatrics, Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical University from August 2018 to January 2020 .The blood cell counts, lymphocyte subsets and immunoglobulin in the periphe-ral blood were measured to calculate NLR at the initial visit.Based on the cut-off value determined by receiver opera-ting characteristic (ROC) curve, patients were divided into high NLR group (≥ 2.07, n=21) and low NLR group (<2.07, n=40). The progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) between 2 groups were analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method, followed by Log- rank test.The correlation between NLR at the initial visit with clinical characteristics, lymphocyte subsets and immunoglobulin of children with newly diagnosed MB was analyzed.Differences between groups were compared by the Chi- square test, Mann- Whitney U test and independent sample t test. Results:The survival analysis showed that the relapse rate (38.1% vs.10.0%, χ2=6.879, P=0.016) and mortality rate (19.0% vs.0, χ2=8.154, P=0.011) were significantly higher in high NLR group than those of low NLR group.PFS (12 months vs.19 months, χ2=9.775, P=0.002) and OS (19 months vs.20 months, χ2=8.432, P=0.004) were significantly shorter in high NLR group than those of low NLR group.No significant differences in clinical characteristics were detected between groups (all P>0.05). Compared with low NLR group, the percentage of T lymphocyte[(67.93±6.37)% vs.(73.38±8.08)%, t=2.886, df=48.865, P=0.006], T helper cells (Th)[(30.86±5.53)% vs.(34.29±7.44)%, t=2.037, df=51.981, P=0.047], and T suppressor cells (Ts)[(27.39±5.50)% vs.(30.84±6.58)%, t=2.164, df=47.581, P=0.035] were significantly lower in high NLR group.Spearman correlation analysis showed a negative correlation between NLR and T lymphocyte count ( r=-0.303, P=0.018), and Ts lymphocyte count ( r=-0.260, P=0.043). Conclusions:Children with newly diagnosed MB expressing a high level of NLR had a poor prognosis, which may be associated with T lymphocyte and Ts lymphocyte.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930365

ABSTRACT

Objective:Summarizing the clinical characteristics of extraneural metastasis in childhood medulloblastoma.Methods:A total of 616 cases with medulloblastoma treated in Beijing Shijitan Hospital from April 2010 to April 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, among which 11 cases developed extraneural metastasis.The age of onset, location and time of extraneural metastasis, pathological and molecular typing, treatment and prognosis were descriptively analyzed.The differences of blood biochemical indexes between medulloblastoma cases with and without extraneural metastasis were statistically analyzed by t test. Results:As of February 2020, the median follow-up period was 16 months (ranging from 3 to 69 months). Eleven cases, including 8 males and 3 females, were diagnosed with extraneural metastasis, with the incidence being about 1.8%.The median age of medulloblastoma was 6 years (2-10 years), and the median age at presentation of extraneural metastasis was 7 years (2-12 years). Extraneural metastasis occurred from 0.5 months to 38.0 months after the operation, and the affected location includes bone (6 cases), bone marrow (3 cases), lung (3 cases), pelvis (2 cases) and abdominal cavity (1 case). In these patients, the range of lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) was (2 298.00±1 570.70) U/L and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) was (201.00±68.34) μg/L, which were significantly higher than those in patients without extraneural metastasis [(249.50±46.28) U/L and (22.80±7.12) μg/L, all P<0.05]. Partial patients were treated with chemotherapy, while the majority of them were treated with palliative treatment in the terminal stage, with the survival period mostly less than 10 months. Conclusions:Although there is a low incidence of extraneural metastasis in medulloblastoma pediatric patients, the prognosis of these patients with extraneural metastasis is poor and most of them would die within one year.The most common sites include bone, followed by bone marrow and lungs, which may be related to the spread of cerebrospinal fluid and the increased levels of LDH and NSE.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930159

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of total flavonoids of Rhizoma Drynariae on learning and memory impairment mice induced by sodium nitrite. Methods:75 mice were divided into blank group, model group, Kangnaoshuai capsule group, Rhizoma Drynariae total flavonoids group and Rhizoma Drynariae total flavonoids+inhibitor group according to the random number table method, with 15 mice in each group. The Kangnaoshui Capsule group was administered with Kangnaoshui Capsule 585 mg/kg, the Rhizoma Drynariae total flavonoids group was administered with the Rhizoma Drynariae total flavonoids 97.5 mg/kg, the Rhizoma Drynariae total flavonoids group and the inhibitor group were administered with the Rhizoma Drynariae total flavonoids by intragastric administration 97.5 mg/kg, and intraperitoneal injection of 0.072 mg/kg ICI182780 for 21 days, once a day. The model was established on the 22nd day. Except for the blank group, the other mice were injected with sodium nitrite intraperitoneally to replicate the mice model with impaired learning and memory capability. The learning and memory capabilit of mice were detected with water maze method, and the estrogen receptor in hippocampus was detected by immunohistochemistry β (estrogen receptor β, ERβ). The expression of ERβ in hippocampus and the expression of phosphorylated P38 (P-P38) and the protein contents of B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2 associated death promoter (Bad) and Caspase-3 in the apoptotic system was detected by Western blot. The kit was used to detect MDA,SOD and NO protein content in hippocampus. Results:The latency of Rhizoma Drynariae total flavonoids group was significantly shorter than the model group, the number of crossing platform and the residence time in the target quadrant were significantly increased ( P<0.01); The expression of ERβ Protein in mice hippocampus (0.371 ± 0.010 vs. 0.124 ± 0.009), Bcl-2 protein (1.146 ± 0.028 vs. 0.726 ± 0.016) and the contents of SOD [(153.657 ± 6.385) U/mg vs. (67.719±5.845) U/mg] increased significantly ( P<0.01); The expression of P-P38/P38 protein (0.412 ± 0.043 vs.0.806 ± 0.069), Bad protein (0.421 ± 0.010 vs.0.633 ± 0.010), Caspase-3 protein (0.923 ± 0.042 vs.1.437 ± 0.033), and the content of MDA [(8.669 ± 0.662) nmol/mg vs. (11.772 ± 1.054) nmol/mg] and NO [(4.259 ± 0.225) nmol/mg vs. (10.805 ± 0.415) nmol/mg] decreased significantly ( P<0.01). In addition, ER blocker can antagonize the above recovery and improvement effects of Rhizoma Drynariae total flavonoids group. Conclusion:Rhizoma Drynariae total flavonoids can regulate memory impairment, inhibit neuronal apoptosis and reduce oxidative stress in sodium nitrite model mice through ER-P38/MAPK signal pathway.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1565-1573, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929449

ABSTRACT

Immune checkpoints (ICs) are immunosuppressive molecules expressed on immune cells, which can regulate immune cells' activation. Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) which can block the interaction of immune checkpoints and their ligands, improve the cytotoxic effect of the immune system on tumor cells. Immunotherapy such as employing ICIs has gradually become a conventional therapeutic strategy for cancer treatment. However, the low response rate and the emergence of drug resistance have seriously affected the clinical efficacy of ICIs. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are electronic reduction products of active oxygen, as well as natural by-products of cell metabolism, which can be used as regulators of intercellular signals. Tumor microenvironment (TME) is often in the state of oxidative stress (OS), which is the imbalance between oxidative system and antioxidant system. ROS can affect the interaction with its ligands by regulating the expression and activity of immune checkpoints in TME, thus affecting the anti-tumor effect of immune cells. Accumulating studies have shown that ROS could regulate tumor immune checkpoints through several pathways. Due to different types and stages of tumor, it would be clinical beneficial to understand the mechanistic link of ROS on tumor immune checkpoint, and choose appropriate ROS regulators combined with immune checkpoint inhibitors to maximize anti-tumor effects. This article reviews the common metabolic sources and characteristics of ROS, the regulatory effect and mechanism of ROS on tumor immune checkpoints and its therapeutic application.

19.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 204-212, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929226

ABSTRACT

In recent years, new preparations of traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) have been developed, increasing the need for their clinical trials. Using placeboes rather than control drugs is increasingly popular in clinical trials of TCMs, as the therapeutic effects of the tested TCMs can be more properly judged. The basic attributes of TCM placeboes include similarity, safety, applicability and controllability. In particular, it is necessary to have similarities in appearance, color, smell and taste between the tested TCMs and placeboes. This is quite difficult for some TCMs due to their distinctive smell and taste. On the other hand, according to the TCM theory on homology of medicine and food, many foods also have certain bioactivities, potentially further complicating the selection of materials for TCM placeboes. In this review, firstly, studies on the special smell and taste of TCMs were introduced. Then, the preparation quality evaluation processes for TCM placeboes were summarized and discussed, based on the relevant literature published in recent years and the research results from our own lab. This review will facilitate the further research and development of TCM placeboes.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control
20.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 574-579, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940963

ABSTRACT

Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a rare chronic inflammatory non-infectious skin dermatosis, and there is no clear treatment guideline for this disease at home and abroad. There are a variety of clinical treatment methods for PG, including local therapy and systemic application of glucocorticoids, immunosuppressants, intravenous immuno- globulin, and biologics. Glucocorticoids are the first-line drugs commonly used in clinical practice, and immunosuppressants can be used alone or in combination with glucocorticoids. In recent years, more and more evidence has shown that biologics are a new trend in the treatment of PG, mainly including tumor necrosis factor α inhibitors, interleukin-1 (IL-1) inhibitors, IL-12/23 inhibitors, IL-17 inhibitors, rituximab, and small molecular inhibitors. This article summarizes the current status and latest progress in the treatment of PG, hoping to provide clinicians with ideas for the treatment of PG.


Subject(s)
Biological Products , Glucocorticoids , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents , Immunotherapy , Interleukin Inhibitors , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/drug therapy
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