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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879183

ABSTRACT

In this study, HPLC-ESI-MS and HPLC methods were established to explore the differences in the main chemical components and content of Mori Cortex with(mulberry root bark) and without(Mori Cortex) the phellem layer from both qualitative and quantitative aspects. The HPLC-ESI-MS method was used for quality analysis in positive and negative ion modes, and 33 compounds were identified in mulberry root bark, 22 compounds in Mori Cortex, and 26 compounds in phellem layer; mulberry root bark and Mori Cortex shared 22 components, and mulberry root bark has 11 unique compounds; Mori Cortex and its phellem layer shared 15 components, while Mori Cortex has 7 unique compounds. HPLC method was used to simultaneously determine 7 major constituents, including mulberroside A, chlorogenic acid, dihydromorin, oxyresveratrol, moracin O, kuwanon G, and kuwanon H, and the developed method showed good linearity(r>0.998 9) within the concentration range and the recoveries varied from 99.88% to 103.0%, and the RSD was 1.7%-2.9%. The HPLC results showed that the contents of the 7 compounds have great differences in 13 batches samples, compared with mulberry root bark, the contents of mulberroside A, chlorogenic acid, dihydromorin and moracin O of Mori Cortex were increased, while the contents of oxyresveratrol, kuwanon G and kuwanon H were decreased after peeling process. These results can provide a basis for the rationality and quality control of Mori Cortex required to remove the phellem layer.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Mass Spectrometry , Morus , Plant Bark
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879167

ABSTRACT

Rubi Fructus is a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine. The origin of Rubi Fructus is the dried fruit of Rubus chingii, a plant of the family Rosaceae, according to the 2015 edition of Chinese pharmacopoeia. There are some differences in the plant origin of Rubi Fructus in ancient herbal literature, to trace back its sources, we conducted a textual research on its origin, producing areas, quality evaluation, processing and concocting, properties, tastes and efficacy etc. based on the records of ancient herbal literatures and combined with plant morphology and related investigation. RESULTS:: showed that the variety of Rubi Fructus was more complex among ancient herbal literature, including R. coreanus, R. hirsutus, R. corchorifolius, R. foliolosus and other mixed varieties. Most scholars believe that the R. chingii has not been recorded in ancient herbal literature, while R. chingii was recorded as early as the Ming Dynasty in Compendium of materia medica through our textual research. Ancient Chinese herbs recorded that Rubi Fructus was mostly produced in Hubei, Shandong, Shanxi and Jiangsu provinces, while R. chingii mainly produced in Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Fujian and other provinces nowadays. Also, it was recorded that Rubi Fructus harvested in wheat field during May were the best. Besides, R. chingii with big, full, grain integrate, firm, yellow and green color, sour taste and impurity free possess the best quality in the contemporary. The ancient records of processing and concocting, properties, tastes and efficacy were basically the same as modern ones.These results provide the basis for the correct utilization and further development of Rubi Fructus.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fruit , Humans , Materia Medica , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Rubus
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878974

ABSTRACT

The differences of the active ingredients in Dendrobium huoshanense of different growth years and their protective effects on acute liver injury were studied to provide evidence for optimizing harvest time. The contents of polysaccharides, total flavonoids and total alkaloids in D. huoshanense of different growth years were determined by UV spectrophotometry, and the contents of gigantol in D. huoshanense were determined by HPLC. C57 BL/6 mice were randomly divided into blank control group(saline), modeling group(saline), high-dose(7.5 g·kg~(-1)) and low-dose(1.25 g·kg~(-1)) groups of D. huoshanense of different growth years. Each group was intragastrically administered every day for 2 weeks. 500 mg·kg~(-1) paracetamol was injected intraperitoneally 2 h after last treatment except the control group. After 12 hours, the serum and liver tissues were collected to detect the activities of ALT and AST, and the levels of SOD and MDA. The hepatic histopathological examination was performed. The results showed that the chemical constituents of D. huo-shanense of different growth years were significantly different(P<0.05). The contents of polysaccharide and gigantol of D. huoshanense of 2 growth years were the highest. The contents of flavonoids and alkaloids of D. huoshanense of 3 growth years were the hig-hest, followed by the D. huoshanense of 2 growth years, and the lowest were that of 1 growth year. Compared with the modeling group, D. huoshanense of different growth years could decrease the activities of ALT and AST in serum. Meanwhile, the levels of MDA reduced significantly, while those of SOD increased markedly. Histopathological results suggested that all D. huoshanense samples were effective in the reduction of the necrosis of hepatocytes in different degrees. The results of the multi-component SPSS paired tests showed that polysaccharide and gigantol probably played a leading role in the liver protection effects, while D. huoshanense of 2 growth years showed the best efficacy. The optimal harvesting time of D. huoshanense is 2 growth years.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Dendrobium , Liver , Mice , Polysaccharides
4.
Acta cir. bras ; 36(4): e360405, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248548

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose Shen-fu injection (SFI) was used to intervene in the resuscitation of porcine hemorrhagic shock (HS) model to study its protective effects on acute kidney injury. Methods After 60 min of HS, 28 animals were randomly assigned into four groups. The groups were as follows: hemorrhagic shock group (HS); HS resuscitation with shed-blood group (HSR); HS resuscitation with shed-blood and SFI (1 mL·kg-1) group (HSR-SFI); and the sham operation group (Sham). The bloods were analyzed for serum creatinine (sCr), cystatin C (CysC) and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL). BAX, Bcl-2, and caspase-3 protein expressions by Western blot analysis and immunohistochemical staining. The renal tissues were removed and pathologic changes were observed. Results Mean aortic pressure (MAP) in HSR-SFI groups were higher than that in HSR groups after shock. At the 6th hour after shock, the urine volume per hour in the HSR-SFI groups was more than that in the HSR groups. The sCr, NGAL, CysC and cytokine levels of HSR-SFI groups were lower. The Bcl-2 expression was increased in the HSR-SFI groups. The BAX and caspase-3 expressions were reduced. The histopathologic score in the HSR-SFI was lower. Conclusions SFI may reduce the risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) following hemorrhagic shock by attenuating systemic inflammatory responses, and regulating the expression of apoptosis-related proteins.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885550

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the pregnancy outcome of monochorionic triamniotic (MCTA) triplet pregnancy and its relationship with multifetal pregnancy reduction.Methods:This study retrospectively recruited 23 women with MCTA pregnancy who delivered at Peking University Third Hospital from January 1, 2012, to January 1, 2020. All 23 cases received regular prenatal examination at our hospital from the first trimester, who were divided into two groups: selective fetal reduction group (randomly reduced one fetus, n=8) and expectant group ( n=15). Pregnancy outcome was described in all participants, differences in maternal age, gestational weeks and outcomes were compared between the two groups. The selective fetal reduction group was further divided into two subgroups: first-trimester vacuum aspiration group ( n=3) and second-trimester radiofrequency ablation group ( n=5), to evaluate the differences in pregnancy outcomes. Two independent samples- t test and Fisher's exact test were used as statistical methods. Results:(1) There was no significant difference in the gestational weeks at the end of the pregnancy [(31.7±4.1) vs (28.8±8.8) weeks], preterm delivery after 32 weeks (9/15 vs 4/8), at least two surviving children (12/15 vs 4/8) and at least one surviving child (13/15 vs 5/8) between the expectant group and the selective fetal reduction group (all P>0.05). One case with twin-twin transfusion syndrome in the expectant group underwent fetoscopic surgery at 19 weeks of gestation and delivered three live infants through cesarean section at 33 +2 weeks due to premature rupture of membranes. One case with twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence at 17 weeks of gestation refused fetal reduction and gave birth to a child at 33 weeks when one fetus's heart stopped beating and one was acardia. (2) The first-trimester vacuum aspiration group and the second-trimester radiofrequency ablation group showed no significant differences in the average gestational weeks at the end of the pregnancy [(28.5±7.6) vs (28.9±10.4) weeks, t=1.145, P>0.05], or the rate of at least one (2/3 vs 3/5, Fisher's exact test, P>0.05) or two surviving children (2/3 vs 2/5, Fisher's exact test, P>0.05). No postoperative infection or amniotic fluid leakage was reported in the subgroups. Conclusions:The pregnancy outcome of MCTA triplet with fetal reduction is not different with expectant group.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884347

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of placental vascular distribution on residual anastomoses (RA) after fetoscopic laser occlusion of chorioangiopagous ressels (FLOC) for twin to twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS).Methods:A total of 57 cases of TTTS after laser surgery were retrospectively analyzed from April 2014 to April 2019 in Peking University Third Hospital. The patients were divided into RA group (24 cases) and non-RA group (33 cases) according to whether RA occurred in the placenta after laser surgery. The clinical characteristics, perioperative conditions, pregnancy outcomes and placental structure characteristics of the two groups were compared. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of placental vascular distribution for RA. The RA group was further divided into non-remission group and remission group, and the placental characteristics and pregnancy outcome of the two groups were compared.Results:(1)General clinical characteristics: the age, application of assisted reproductive technology, incidence of gestational hypertension, gestational diabetes mellitus, preoperative maximum amniotic fluid depth of the donor and recipient twins, Quintero stage and placental position of TTTS patients in the two groups were compared respectively, and there were no statistically significant differences (all P>0.05).The gestational age of patients received FLOC in the RA group was significantly higher than the non-RA group [(23.0±2.4) vs (21.9±2.7) weeks, P=0.033].(2) Perioperative conditions and pregnancy outcomes: the delivery gestational age of the RA group was significantly lower than that of the non-RA group (median:31.8 vs 34.4 weeks, P=0.002);The newborn birth weight in the RA group was significantly lower than that in the non-RA group [(1 648±597) and (2 013±481) g, P=0.003].The birthweight difference in the RA group was significantly higher than that in the non-RA group (median:0.30 vs 0.11, P=0.005). (3) The placental structure and the risk factors influencing RA happened: the differences in the proportion of four types of placental vascular distribution in the RA group and non-RA group were different significantly ( χ2 =10.214, P=0.012), with a detail of parallel type 29% (7/24) and 3% (1/33), staggered type 58% (14/24) and 76% (25/33), hybrid 8% (2/24) and 21% (7/33), monoamniotic membrane type 4% (1/24) and 0 respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that parallel placental vascular distribution was an independent risk factor for RA after FLOC ( OR=24.5, 95% CI 1.7-336.2, P=0.017). (4) Placental characteristics and pregnancy outcomes in the remission and non-remission groups of the RA group: the incidence of three kinds of anastomoses, the total number, total diameter and proportion of RA, and the placental territory discordance ratio were compared between the two groups, and there were no statistical significances ( P>0.05);The birth weight difference ratio in the non-remission group was higher than that in the remission group (median:0.41 vs 0.28, P=0.036). Conclusion:The parallel type of placental vascular distribution may be an independent risk factor for RA in TTTS after laser surgery.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884290

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the ultrasound characteristics of incarceration of gravid uterus (IGU) for improving the diagnostic accuracy of IGU.Methods:Three cases of IGU patients were diagnosed in Peking University Third Hospital from May 2018 to May 2020. CNKI, Wanfang Data, China Science and Technology Journal Database and PubMed were searched using the search terms "incarcerate uterus" or "uterine incarceration" and "gravid" through January 2000 to July 2020, 53 IGU cases were found. The ultrasound data and outcomes of the 56 IGU patients were retrospectively analyzed. The display rate of various ultrasonic features were counted. Relevant literatures were reviewed and the experience were summarized.Results:Of the 56 cases with IGU, 45 cases (80.4%) had positive results, of which 34 cases (60.7%) were found abnormal cervix(elongated anteriorly and superiorly displaced cervix or poorly visualized cervix), 27 cases (48.2%) were found retroversion of the gravid uterus, 12 cases (21.4%) were found that the fundus of the uterus lay deeply in the Douglas pouch, 4 cases (7.1%) were found anteriorly and superiorly displaced bladder. There was statistically significant difference between the displaying rates of abnormal cervix and retroversion of the gravid uterus(χ 2=5.452, P<0.05). Conclusions:Abnormal cervix was the most common feature of IGU by ultrasound. Correct identification of the cervix is helpful to improve the detection rate of IGU.

8.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 44: 19-24, Mar. 2020. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087631

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Pyruvic acid (PA), a vital α-oxocarboxylic acid, plays an important role in energy and carbon metabolism. The oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica (Y. lipolytica) has considerable potential for the production of PA. An increased NaCl concentration reportedly increases the biomass and PA yield of Y. lipolytica. RESULTS: To increase the yield of PA, the NaCl-tolerant Y. lipolytica A4 mutant was produced using the atmospheric and room temperature plasma method of mutation. The A4 mutant showed growth on medium containing 160 g/L NaCl. The PA yield of the A4 mutant reached 97.2 g/L at 120 h (0.795 g/g glycerol) in a 20-L fermenter with glycerol as the sole carbon source, which was 28.9% higher than that of the parental strain. CONCLUSION: The PA yield from Y. lipolytica can be improved by increasing its NaCl tolerance.


Subject(s)
Pyruvic Acid/metabolism , Yarrowia/genetics , Yarrowia/metabolism , Osmotic Pressure , Yeasts , Carbon/metabolism , Sodium Chloride , Bioreactors , Salt Tolerance/genetics , Fermentation , Glycerol/metabolism , Mutation
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1057-1065, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827662

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Preeclampsia (PE) is a serious complication that affects maternal and perinatal outcomes. However, the mechanisms have not been fully explained. This study was designed to analyze longitudinal gut microbiota alterations in pregnant women with and without PE in the second (T2) and third trimesters (T3).@*METHODS@#In this nested case-control study, which was conducted at Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital, fecal samples from 25 PE patients (25 fecal samples obtained in T2 and 15 fecal samples obtained in T3) and 25 matched healthy controls (25 fecal samples obtained in T2 and 22 fecal samples obtained in T3) were collected, and the microbiota were analyzed using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The diversity and composition of the microbiota of PE cases and controls were compared.@*RESULTS@#No significant differences in diversity were found between the PE and control groups (P > 0.05). In the control group, from T2 to T3, the relative abundances of Proteobacteria (median [Q1, Q3]: 2.25% [1.24%, 3.30%] vs. 0.64% [0.20%, 1.20%], Z = -3.880, P < 0.05), and Tenericutes (median [Q1, Q3]: 0.12% [0.03%, 3.10%] vs. 0.03% [0.02%, 0.17%], Z = -2.369, P < 0.05) decreased significantly. In the PE group, the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes in T2 was lower than in T3 (median [Q1, Q3]: 18.16% [12.99%, 30.46%] vs. 31.09% [19.89%, 46.06%], Z = -2.417, P < 0.05). In T2, the relative abundances of mircrobiota showed no significant differences between the PE group and the control group. However, in T3, the relative abundance of Firmicutes was significantly lower in the PE group than in the control group (mean ± standard deviation: 60.62% ± 15.17% vs. 75.57% ± 11.53%, t = -3.405, P < 0.05). The relative abundances of Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria, and Enterobacteriaceae were significantly higher in the PE group than in the control group (median [Q1, Q3]: 31.09% [19.89%, 46.06%] vs. 18.24% [12.90%, 32.04%], Z = -2.537, P < 0.05; 1.52% [1.05%, 2.61%] vs. 0.64% [0.20%, 1.20%], Z = -3.310, P < 0.05; 0.75% [0.20%, 1.00%] vs. 0.01% [0.004%, 0.023%], Z = -4.152, P < 0.05). Linear discriminant analysis combined effect size measurements analysis showed that the relative abundances of the phylum Bacteroidetes, class Bacteroidia and order Bacteroidales were increased in the PE group, while those of the phylum Firmicutes, the class Clostridia, the order Clostridiales, and the genus unidentified Lachnospiraceae were decreased in the PE group; and these differences were identified as taxonomic biomarkers of PE in T3.@*CONCLUSION@#From T2 to T3, there was an obvious alteration in the gut microbiota. The gut microbiota of PE patients in T3 was significantly different from that of the control group.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787713

ABSTRACT

To analyze influencing factors for depressive symptoms in the elderly aged 65 years and older in 8 longevity areas in China. We recruited 2 180 participants aged 65 years and older in 8 longevity areas from Healthy Aging and Biomarkers Cohort Study, a sub-cohort of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey in 2017. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the relationships of socio-demographic characteristics, behavioral lifestyle, chronic disease prevalence, functional status, family and social support with depressive symptoms in the elderly. The detection rate of depression symptoms was 15.0 in the elderly aged 65 years and older in 8 longevity areas of China, and the detection rate of depression symptoms was 11.5 in men and 18.5 in women. Multivariate logistic regression analysis results showed that the detection rate of depressive symptoms was lower in the elderly who had regular physical exercises (=0.44, 95: 0.26-0.74), frequent fish intakes (=0.57, 95: 0.39-0.83), recreational activities (=0.65, 95: 0.44-0.96), social activities (=0.28, 95: 0.11-0.73) and community services (=0.68, 95: 0.50-0.93). The elderly who were lack of sleep (=2.04, 95: 1.49-2.80), had visual impairment (=1.54, 95: 1.08-2.18), had gastrointestinal ulcer (=2.97, 95: 1.53-5.77), had arthritis (=2.63, 95: 1.61-4.32), had higher family expenditure than income (=1.80, 95: 1.17-2.78) and were in poor economic condition (=4.58, 95: 2.48-8.47) had higher detection rate of depressive symptoms. The status of doing physical exercise, fish intake in diet, social activity participation, sleep quality or vision, and the prevalence of gastrointestinal ulcers and arthritis were associated with the detection rate of depressive symptoms in the elderly.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787709

ABSTRACT

To establish a prediction model for 6-year incidence risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the elderly aged 65 years and older in China. In this prospective cohort study, we used the data of 3 742 participants collected during 2008/2009-2014 and during 2012-2017/2018 from Healthy Aging and Biomarkers Cohort Study, a sub-cohort of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. Two follow up surveys for renal function were successfully conducted for 1 055 participants without CKD in baseline survey. Lasso method was used for the selection of risk factors. The risk prediction model of CKD was established by using Cox proportional hazards regression models and visualized through nomogram tool. Bootstrap method (1 000 resample) was used for internal validation, and the performance of the model was assessed by C-index and calibration curve. The mean age of participants was (80.8±11.4) years. In 4 797 person years of follow up, CKD was found in 262 participants (24.8). Age, BMI, sex, education level, marital status, having retirement pension or insurance, hypertension prevalence, blood uric acid, blood urea nitrogen and total cholesterol levels and estimated glomerular filtration rate in baseline survey were used in the model to predict the 6-year incidence risk of CKD in the elderly. The corrected C-index was 0.766, the calibration curve showed good consistence between predicted probability and observed probability in high risk group, but relatively poor consistence in low risk group. The incidence risk prediction model of CKD established in this study has a good performance, and the nomogram can be used as visualization tool to predict the 6-year risk of CKD in the elderly aged 65 years and older in China.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871105

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the possible factors leading to failure of cell-free DNA (cfDNA) testing in maternal peripheral blood and analyze the pregnancy outcomes of this group of pregnant women.Methods:This retrospective study involved 5 195 women who underwent cfDNA testing in Peking University Third Hospital from April 2017 to April 2019. Based on the first cfDNA testing results, clinical characteristics of the pregnant women with successful (success group, n=5 107) and failed (failure group, n=88) cfDNA testing were compared using Mann-Whitney U test and Chi-square test. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of cfDNA testing failure and the effect of body mass index (BMI) on the success rate, and evaluate the feasibility of re-sampling and the factors affecting the unsuccessful testing of a second sample. Results:The failure rate of first cfDNA testing was 1.7% (88/5 195). Successful cfDNA testing was achieved in 74 (87.1%, 74/85) of 85 re-sampling cases, while results of the other 11 cases (12.9%, 11/85) remained invalid. Thus, the final failure rate was 0.2% (11/5 195). Multivariate logistic regression revealed that increased maternal age ( OR=1.086, 95% CI: 1.023-1.152, P=0.006), BMI ( OR=1.083, 95% CI: 1.021-1.149, P=0.008) and twin pregnancies ( OR=3.093, 95% CI: 1.715-5.577, P<0.001) were the risk factors of cfDNA testing failure, while increased cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) concentration ( OR=0.758, 95% CI: 0.720-0.761, P<0.001) was a protective factor. The overweight (BMI: 25-29.9 kg/m 2) and obese (BMI≥30 kg/m 2) women were 3.626 ( OR=3.626, 95% CI: 2.298-5.724, P<0.001) and 4.064 ( OR=4.064, 95% CI: 1.779-9.284, P=0.001) times more likely to have failed cfDNA testing than those with normal weight (BMI: 18.5-24.9 kg/m 2), respectively. The success rate of re-testing decreased as the maternal BMI increased, regardless of the time interval between the two samplings ( OR=0.840, 95% CI: 0.699-1.245, P=0.065). Seven out of the 74 cases with successful results in re-testing were at high risk, including one 45,X and one 47,XXY, confirmed by karyotyping amniocentesis. Among the 11 pregnant women with a failed testing after second sampling, eight underwent prenatal diagnosis with normal fetal chromosome karyotypes, and the other three cases without prenatal diagnosis all gave birth to neonates with normal phenotype. There was no statistical difference in the incidence of pregnancy loss between the failure and success group [9.1% (8/88) vs 2.5% (128/5 107), P=0.090]. Conclusions:Pregnant women with advanced age and higher BMI, lower cffDNA fraction and twin pregnancies are more likely to fail in cfDNA testing. For obese women, blood sampling can be postponed to a larger gestational age to reduce the failure rate. For pregnant women with failed testing in first sampling, a re-sampling is recommended, moreover, prenatal diagnosis is necessary for those had high-risk results or failed in re-testing.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871052

ABSTRACT

We reported a case of preeclampsia complicated by acute stress cardiomyopathy following cesarean section at 37 weeks of gestation. The patient presented with chest tightness and suffocation two days after the operation and was considered as acute stress cardiomyopathy. The patient recovered and was discharged nine days after the surgery after a series of management, including non-invasive ventilation, vasodilation, lowing blood pressure, maintaining a negative fluid balance, anti-infection, and anticoagulation. Stress-induced cardiomyopathy during pregnancy and postpartum is rare, and cesarean section and preeclampsia may be the risk factors.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868170

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the perinatal outcomes in different methods of multifetal pregnancy reduction in dichorionic triamniotic (DCTA) triplet pregnancy.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 57 cases of DCTA triplets in Peking University Third Hospital from January 1, 2010 to January 1, 2020, including 27 cases in expectant pregnancy group and 30 cases in selective fetal reduction (FR) group. The selective FR group was further divided into 3 subgroups according to different FR methods:retaining monochorionic dichorionic (MCDA) group, retaining dichorionic dichorionic (DCDA) group, and retaining singleton group. The perinatal outcomes of expectant pregnancy group and 3 subgroups of selective FR group were compared.Results:The gestational weeks in selective FR group was (34.5±5.7) weeks, and full-term delivery rate was 53% (16/30), respectively higher than those of the expectant pregnancy group (29.9±6.0) weeks and 7% (2/27). The miscarriage rate of the selective FR group was 10% (3/30), lower than that of the expectant pregnancy group (33%, 9/27). The differences between the two groups were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The ratios of pregnancy complications and newborn admission to neonatal ICU (NICU) in the selective FR group were lower than those of the expectant pregnancy group (all P<0.05). In the selective FR group, the gestational weeks in retaining MCDA group (6 cases), retaining DCDA group (13 cases), and retaining singleton group (11 cases) were (32.2±4.3), (33.0±6.3), and (37.4±4.7) weeks; the miscarriage rates were 1/6, 1/13, and 1/11; the premature delivery rates were 4/6, 7/13, and 0/11; the full-term delivery rates were 1/6, 5/13, and 10/11; pregnancies with at least 1 survivor rates were 5/6, 12/13, and 10/11; NICU occupancy rates were 6/8, 9/18 and 0/10, respectively. The retaining singleton group had the highest rate of full-term delivery and the lowest rate of NICU occupancy. Compared with other groups, the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The full-term delivery rate was significantly higher in the retaining DCDA group than that of the expectant pregnancy group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The risk of DCTA triplet pregnancy is high. Reduction of the MCDA pair to singleton has the highest rate of full-term delivery and the lowest rate of NICU occupancy. For pregnant women who wish to retain twin pregnancy, the risk should be fully informed, and consider reduction of one fetus of the MCDA and retaining DCDA twins to continue pregnancy.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868169

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effect of pregnancy with adenomyosis on perinatal outcome.Methods:From April 2014 to April 2019, singleton pregnant women complicated with adenomyosis in Peking University Third Hospital was selected and the perinatal outcomes were analyzed retrospectively.Results:The age of patients in the pregnancy with adenomyosis group (study group) was not different from that of the control group (median: 35 vs 34 years old, P>0.05); the body mass index was higher than that of the control group (median: 23.9 vs 21.8 kg/m 2, P<0.01); the rate of assisted reproductive technology was significantly higher than that of the control group [25.3% (64/253) vs 3.1% (8/257), P<0.01]. Compared with the control group, the gestational age at delivery was significantly lower in the study group (median: 38.0 vs 39.2 weeks, P<0.01); the rates of preterm birth [17.1% (44/257) vs 4.7% (12/257), P<0.01] and preeclampsia [13.7% (35/255) vs 5.8% (15/257), P=0.003] were significantly higher in the study group. The incidence of severe postpartum hemorrhage in the study group was significantly higher than that in the control group [5.8% (14/241) vs 1.2% (3/257), P=0.004]. The incidence of cesarean section was higher in the study group [(57.0% (146/256) vs 31.5% (81/257), P<0.01]. Neonatal weight was lower in the study group than that in the control group (median: 3 140 vs 3 440 g, P<0.01); the incidence of small for gestational age (SGA) was higher in the study group [21.5% (55/256) vs 4.7% (12/257), P<0.01]. There were no significant differences in umbilical artery pH and 1-minute Apgar score between the study group and the control group (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Pregnant women complicated with adenomyosis has low fertility, and most of them need assisted reproductive technology to conceive. The pregnant women with adenomyosis has the poor perinatal outcome, including an increased incedence of preterm birth, preeclampsia, postpartum hemorrhage, cesarean section and SGA, and low newborn weight.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868157

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of monochorionic monoamniotic (MCMA) twin pregnancy.Methods:The clinical data of 60 MCMA twin pregnant women who were terminated in Peking University Third Hospital from January 2011 to December 2019 were collected, and the general clinical data, prenatal examination and pregnancy outcomes were analyzed retrospectively.Results:The age of 60 MCMA twin pregnant women was (31.0±4.1) years old, among which 44 cases were primiparas (73%, 44/60) and 16 cases were multiparas (27%, 16/60). Fifty-eight cases were diagnosed as MCMA twin pregnancy prenatally and were confirmed after delivery. Median ultrasonic diagnosis of gestational age was 12 weeks (range: 8-30 weeks). In the 60 MCMA twin pregnancies, 6 cases were conjoined twins, 5 cases were complicated with twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence (TRAPS), and 10 cases were diagnosed as other fetal malformation by prenatal ultrasound examination. Among the 60 MCMA twin pregnant women, 19 cases had spontaneous abortion or induced abortion due to fetal malformation, fetal death or other reasons within 28 weeks of pregnancy, 41 cases entered the perinatal period, a total of 70 newborns survived. The main cause of perinatal fetal or neonatal death was fetal dysplasia.Conclusions:There is a high incidence of fetal abnormality and perinatal mortality in MCMA twin pregnancy. Accurate early diagnosis, enhanced management and monitoring during pregnancy, and individualized treatment are the keys to improve MCMA twin pregnancy outcomes.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864697

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the quality of life of senior women with urinary incontinence and to explore its influencing factors.Methods:A convenient sampling method was used to select 152 senior women with urinary incontinence in Fuzhou Hot-Spring Street Community, Dongjie Street Community and Old-age Care Institutions from June 2017 to September 2017. The quality of life of elderly women with urinary incontinence were observed and the influencing factors were analyzed via International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form (ICI-Q-SF) and Incontinence Quality of Life Scale (I-QOL).Results:The quality of life of senior women with urinary incontinence was (98.7±12.2) points. The scores of the three dimensions including restrictive behavior, social activity limitation and psychological impact were 34.5±4.4 and 41.4±5.4 and 20.8 ± 3.5, respectively. There were 4 factors that influencing the quality of life of patients, namely, the severity of urinary incontinence, the type of urinary incontinence, diabetes and the frequency of leaking urine ( P<0.01). Conclusions:Urinary incontinence has a certain negative impact on the quality of life of patients, and its influencing factors are complex. Individualized care measures should be taken based on the influencing factors to improve the quality of life of patients.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798880

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To establish a prediction model for 6-year incidence risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the elderly aged 65 years and older in China.@*Methods@#In this prospective cohort study, we used the data of 3 742 participants collected during 2008/2009-2014 and during 2012-2017/2018 from Healthy Aging and Biomarkers Cohort Study, a sub-cohort of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. Two follow up surveys for renal function were successfully conducted for 1 055 participants without CKD in baseline survey. Lasso method was used for the selection of risk factors. The risk prediction model of CKD was established by using Cox proportional hazards regression models and visualized through nomogram tool. Bootstrap method (1 000 resample) was used for internal validation, and the performance of the model was assessed by C-index and calibration curve.@*Results@#The mean age of participants was (80.8±11.4) years. In 4 797 person years of follow up, CKD was found in 262 participants (24.8%). Age, BMI, sex, education level, marital status, having retirement pension or insurance, hypertension prevalence, blood uric acid, blood urea nitrogen and total cholesterol levels and estimated glomerular filtration rate in baseline survey were used in the model to predict the 6-year incidence risk of CKD in the elderly. The corrected C-index was 0.766, the calibration curve showed good consistence between predicted probability and observed probability in high risk group, but relatively poor consistence in low risk group.@*Conclusion@#The incidence risk prediction model of CKD established in this study has a good performance, and the nomogram can be used as visualization tool to predict the 6-year risk of CKD in the elderly aged 65 years and older in China.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798876

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze influencing factors for depressive symptoms in the elderly aged 65 years and older in 8 longevity areas in China.@*Methods@#We recruited 2 180 participants aged 65 years and older in 8 longevity areas from Healthy Aging and Biomarkers Cohort Study, a sub-cohort of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey in 2017. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the relationships of socio-demographic characteristics, behavioral lifestyle, chronic disease prevalence, functional status, family and social support with depressive symptoms in the elderly.@*Results@#The detection rate of depression symptoms was 15.0% in the elderly aged 65 years and older in 8 longevity areas of China, and the detection rate of depression symptoms was 11.5% in men and 18.5% in women. Multivariate logistic regression analysis results showed that the detection rate of depressive symptoms was lower in the elderly who had regular physical exercises (OR=0.44, 95%CI: 0.26-0.74), frequent fish intakes (OR=0.57, 95%CI: 0.39-0.83), recreational activities (OR=0.65, 95%CI: 0.44-0.96), social activities (OR=0.28, 95%CI: 0.11-0.73) and community services (OR=0.68, 95%CI: 0.50-0.93). The elderly who were lack of sleep (OR=2.04, 95%CI: 1.49-2.80), had visual impairment (OR=1.54, 95%CI: 1.08-2.18), had gastrointestinal ulcer (OR=2.97, 95%CI: 1.53-5.77), had arthritis (OR=2.63, 95%CI: 1.61-4.32), had higher family expenditure than income (OR=1.80, 95%CI: 1.17-2.78) and were in poor economic condition (OR=4.58, 95%CI: 2.48-8.47) had higher detection rate of depressive symptoms.@*Conclusion@#The status of doing physical exercise, fish intake in diet, social activity participation, sleep quality or vision, and the prevalence of gastrointestinal ulcers and arthritis were associated with the detection rate of depressive symptoms in the elderly.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746278

ABSTRACT

Objective In this study, we aimed to detect the level of total circulating microparticles (MPs) in pregnant women with preeclampsia (PE) and analyze the proteome of MPs to explore their roles in the pathogenesis and progression of PE. Methods 98 pregnant women with PE, 54 healthy pregnant women, and 51 healthy non-pregnant women were enrolled from December 2016 to June 2018, whose MP levels were detected by flow cytometry and compared. Proteins extracted from the MPs were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry.Results The total MP level of the healthy pregnant group was significantly higher than thatof the non-pregnant group [159.87 (113.25, 218.18)/μl vs 94.10 (53.35, 140.23)/μl, P=0.004], but was not significantly different from that of the PE group. By proteomic profiling, 30 differential proteins were obtained between healthy pregnant women and healthy non-pregnant women, which were closely related to biological processes such as complements, coagulation cascades, angiogenesis and so on; 14 differential proteins were found between PE patients and healthy pregnant women, which were closely related to biological processes such as coagulation cascades, complements and inflammatory reactions, angiogenesis and so forth. Conclusions The level of circulating MPs may reflect the hypercoagulability of preeclampsia. In addition, circulating MPs may be involved in the pathogenesis of PE through various pathways by carrying different proteins, which indicates their potential value in the intervention of PE.

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