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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 766-774, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922889

ABSTRACT

Aa a characteristic medicinal plant in China, Gentiana rigescens Franch. has the function of protecting the liver and invigorating the spleen. At present, there are a few studies on the content determination method of characteristic components of G. rigescens, so it is necessary to establish a scientific and effective quality control method; In this study, The high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprint of G. rigescens was established, based on literature reviewed and characteristic spectrum identified, the source range of G. rigescens quality marker (Q-marker) was screened. The effectiveness of the ingredients and the corresponding targets and pathways was analyzed through network pharmacology, and drew the diagram of ''component-target-pathway''. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of G. rigescens was performed by HPLC, and screen the main marker components leading to the differences between groups which were determined the Q-marker of G. rigescens; The literature and HPLC had determined that five iridoids were the main source of G. rigescens Q-marker. The network pharmacology (effectiveness) and qualitative and quantitative (detectability) analysis of G. rigescens from different producing areas confirmed that gentiopicroside, swertiamarin, and sweroside can be used as the main landmark components, and there were significant differences in their contents among different producing areas; The analysis of G. rigescens from different producing areas was carried out by network pharmacology and chemical fingerprints, it is confirmed can be used as potential Q-marker to provide sufficient theoretical basis for the quality control of G. rigescens in the later period.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909488

ABSTRACT

The hippocampus plays an important role in fear learning and memory processing.It is a key brain area in the pathogenesis of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Neuroimaging studies have confirmed that the hippocampal structure and functional connectivity of patients with PTSD are abnormal, but the changes in hippocampal subregions are still unclear.The results of brain structure studies showed that the cornu ammonis and dentate gyrus atrophy in adult PTSD patients and the symptom of re-experience may be related to pattern separation dysfunction caused by reduced dentate gyrus neurogenesis.Among children diagnosed with PTSD, there is no significant change found in cornu ammonis and dentate gyrus, while atrophy in presubiculum was observed, which could result in fear extinction and deficits in episodic memory.The alteration of hippocampal volume in PTSD may have a gender-specific lateralization phenomenon.The results of brain function studies show that the functional connectivity of hippocampal subregions in PTSD patients is selectively damaged, especially the connectivity with key brain regions in the default mode network is reduced.This article systematically reviews the structural and functional connectivity changes of hippocampal subregions in patients with PTSD from the perspective of neuroimaging, in order to promote the understanding of the pathogenesis of PTSD and identify the therapeutic targets of hippocampal subregions.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906526

ABSTRACT

Tsaoko Fructus is a type of food with the homology of medicine and food,and has a long history of cultivation and application in China. With the deepening of the development and utilization of Tsaoko Fructus,its economic value has appeared obviously,and relevant industries have great potential,with an important role in poverty alleviation in mountainous areas. However,the plants source of Tsaoko Fructus are confused in the process of actual production and resource utilization,and there is a lack of systematic report about the origin of varieties and medicinal history. The paper focused on a textual research for its names,plant sources,changes of the genuine producing areas and traditional efficacy through consulting the herbal works and the analysis of modern literature. The results showed that the medicine of Tsaoko Fructus was first recorded in ancient literatures of the Song dynasty,and there were many aliases and synonyms of the herb, with a great difference between ancient and modern times. In modern records,the medicinal alias names such as Hongcaoguo,Tucaoguo,Caoguoren are similar with the Chinese name of Caoguo,but they are not the same kind of plant and shall be distinguished. In the Ming dynasty,variety and source of the herb was complicated,and it was often recorded as the same class of medicinal materials with Amomi Fructus Rotundus and Alpiniae Katsumadai Semen,until it was listed as a class of medicinal material and distinguished from confounding medicines in the Qing Dynasty. The prescriptions containing Tsaoko Fructus include Caoguoyin,Caoguosan,Caoguowan,Caoguoshushui. Tsaoko Fructus could be used as medicine with peel or only kernel according to different diseases,and mainly processed with water or wine. In addition,there are other processing methods,such as frying,salt-processing, ginger- processing,simmering flour. Ancient literatures have basically the same records on properties,efficacies and indications of Tsaoko Fructus,considering it was warm in nature with the effect in relieving vomiting,eliminating food,intercepting malaria,expelling phlegm. This study provided a theoretical basis for its origin,quality control and resource development and utilization.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906228

ABSTRACT

Danggui Liuhuang Tang, as one of classical traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions, has been used by major medical experts in clinic since Jin and Yuan dynasties. After review and summarization of relevant literatures on the pharmacological effects and clinical application of Danggui Liuhuang Tang, it was found that Danggui Liuhuang Tang has a wide range of pharmacological activities, and exerts its anti-inflammatory and anti-insulin resistance effects mainly by inhibiting the production of inflammatory factors, such as tumor necrosis factor and interleukin and activating related pathways. In addition, Danggui Liuhuang Tang inhibits the occurrence and development of hepatic fibrosis by attenuating proinflammatory signaling and extracellular matrix accumulation with multiple components, multiple targets, and multiple pathways. Danggui Liuhuang Tang has been widely used in sweat syndromes, with an obvious effect in the treatment of thyroid diseases, diabetes, respiratory tract and other diseases. This paper reviews and summarizes the pharmacological effects and clinical application of Danggui Liuhuang Tang,in an attempt to provide some valuable clues for the subsequent development of Danggui Liuhuang Tang.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906011

ABSTRACT

Polygonati Rhizoma was first recorded in Mingyi Bielu(《名医别录》) as both medicine and food due to its high edible and medicinal values.However,there is no systematic textual research on its use as medicine and food. Polygonati Rhizoma and Polygonati Odorati Rhizoma show similar morphology,so they are often confused.Clematis apiifolia and Polygonatum odoratum are often regarded as the original plants of Polygonati Odorati Rhizoma. By reviewing the related records in Chinese herbal books of the past dynasties,this paper aimed to clarify the relationship between Polygonati Rhizoma,C.apiifolia and P.odoratum,trace the historical evolution of Polygonati Rhizoma as medicine and food from the name,harvesting and processing,property,flavor and meridian tropism,efficacy and indications,edible and medicinal records,and contraindications,and summarize its application in ethnic medicine,in order to inherit and develop the ethnic medicine. The findings demonstrated that the name of Polygonati Rhizoma and its synonyms were derived from its pictogram,function,and place of origin,containing a wealth of myth implication and Taoism thought.Polygonati Rhizoma,C.apiifolia and P.odoratum are three species,different from the conclusions in previous textual research. The seedlings,flowers,seeds,and rhizomes of Polygonati Rhizoma all could be used for edible and medicinal purposes,with its edible records exceeding the medicinal records. There were 22 medical books from the ethnic minority groups such as The Annals of National Medicine in Yunnan,Zhongguo Minzu Yaozhi Yao,and Dictionary of Chinese Ethnic Medicine recording the knowledge and application of 12 species in Polygonatum by 26 ethnic minorities.Due to their different living environments,lifestyles,and cultural customs,ethnic minorities have formed their unique medical cultures.

6.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 170-177, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879746

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to propose an operational definition of late-onset hypogonadism (LOH) that incorporates both clinical symptoms and serum testosterone measurements to evaluate the prevalence of LOH in aging males in China. A population-based sample of 6296 men aged 40 years-79 years old was enrolled from six representative provinces in China. Serum total testosterone (TT), sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), and luteinizing hormone (LH) were measured and free testosterone (cFT) was calculated. The Aging Males' Symptoms (AMS) scale was used to evaluate the LOH symptoms. Finally, 5078 men were included in this analysis. The TT levels did not decrease with age (P = 0.59), and had no relationship with AMS symptoms (P = 0.87 for AMS total score, P = 0.74 for ≥ 3 sexual symptoms). The cFT levels decreased significantly with age (P < 0.01) and showed a negative association with the presence of ≥ 3 sexual symptoms (P = 0.03). The overall estimated prevalence of LOH was 7.8% (395/5078) if a cFT level <210 pmol l

7.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 581-590, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775447

ABSTRACT

Mood disorders/psychosis have been associated with dysfunctions in the default mode network (DMN). However, the relative contributions of DMN regions to state and trait disturbances in pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD) remain unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible mechanisms of PBD through brain imaging and explore the influence of psychotic symptoms on functional alterations in PBD patients. Twenty-nine psychotic and 26 non-psychotic PBD patients, as well as 19 age- and sex-matched healthy controls underwent a resting-state functional MRI scan and the data were analyzed by independent component analysis. The DMN component from the fMRI data was extracted for each participant. Spearman's rank correlation analysis was performed between aberrant connectivity and clinical measurements. The results demonstrated that psychotic PBD was characterized by aberrant DMN connectivity in the anterior cingulate cortex/medial prefrontal cortex, bilateral caudate nucleus, bilateral angular gyri, and left middle temporal gyrus, while non-psychotic PBD was not, suggesting further impairment with the development of psychosis. In summary, we demonstrated unique impairment in DMN functional connectivity in the psychotic PBD group. These specific neuroanatomical abnormalities may shed light on the underlying pathophysiology and presentation of PBD.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777908

ABSTRACT

@# Objective To Analyze the change trend of the incidence and mortality of breast cancer in Chinese women from 2005 to 2013 in the Chinese Cancer Registry Annual Report in order to provide references for the implement of the prophylaxis and treatment of breast cancer. Methods Extracted all the records of the incidence and mortality of breast cancer in Chinese women from 2005 to 2013, applied the Joinpoint regression model to analyze the change trend of the incidence and mortality of breast cancer in Chinese women. Results The incidence levels of breast cancer among urban women in China was higher than that in rural from 2005 to 2013, the change trend of urban incidence was stable(t=-0.2, P=0.828), the rural incidence showed an increasing trend(t=7.8, P<0.001). The peaks of urban and rural incidence were in the age group of 50- and the age group of 45- respectively.The mortality of breast cancer among urban women in China was higher than that in rural from 2005 to 2013, the change trend of urban mortality was stable(t=0.8, P=0.458), and the rising trend of rural mortality was obvious(t=3.3, P=0.014). The mortality of urban women began to rise after the age of 30, accelerating to rise after the age of 75, the mortality of rural women began to rise after the age of 30, the change tended to be stable at the age of 55-69, and began to rise after the age of 70 again. Conclusions The incidence and mortality of breast cancer among urban women in China were all higher than that in rural from 2005 to 2013, the rising trend of the incidence and mortality of breast cancer among rural women was obvious, so the prophylaxis and treatment measures of breast cancer should be actively formulated and perfected.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773369

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The aim of this study was to determine whether low calf circumference (CC) could predict nutritional risk and the cutoff values of CC for predicting nutritional risk in hospitalized patients aged ⪖ 80 years.@*METHODS@#A total of 1,234 consecutive patients aged ⪖ 80 years were enrolled in this study. On admission, demographic data, CC, and laboratory parameters were obtained. Patients with Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS-2002) total score ⪖ 3 were considered as having nutritional risk.@*RESULTS@#CC values were significantly lower in patients with nutritional risk compared to those in patients without nutritional risk [27.00 (24.50-31.00) vs. 31.00 (29.00-33.50], P < 0.001]. CC was negatively correlated with age and nutritional risk scores. Logistic regression analysis of nutritional risk revealed that body mass index, albumin level, hemoglobin level, cerebral infarction, neoplasms, and CC (OR, 0.897; 95% confidence interval, 0.856-0.941; P < 0.001) were independent impact factors of nutritional risk. Nutritional risk scores increased with a decrease in CC. In men, the best CC cutoff value for predicting nutritional risk according to the NRS-2002 was 29.75 cm. In women, the cutoff value was 28.25 cm.@*CONCLUSION@#CC is a simple, noninvasive, and valid anthropometric measure to predict nutritional risk for hospitalized patients aged ⪖ 80 years.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Anthropometry , Methods , China , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Leg , Male , Nutritional Status , Risk Assessment , Methods
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773137

ABSTRACT

Polygonatum plants are perennial plants of Liliaceae. There are about 60 species reported at home and abroad,32 species in China,mainly distributed in the north temperate zone. Their main chemical components are steroidal saponins,polysaccharides,flavonoids,alkaloids,etc. They have anti-aging,anti-tumor,immunomodulation,antibacterial,antiviral,hypoglycemic and blood lipid effects. With the development of health industry,Polygonati Rhizome used as medicine and food has attracted great attention in recent years,and has become a research hotspot. However,the material basis of its efficacy is unclear and the product quality is uneven,which seriously limited the rapid upgrading of the industry. This review summarizes Polygonatum plants system classification,the chemical composition and pharmacological activity to provide theoretical basis for the development and utilization of Polygonatum plants.


Subject(s)
China , Phytochemicals , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Polygonatum , Chemistry , Rhizome , Chemistry
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2960-2971, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781751

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The clinical outcome of transtrochanteric rotational osteotomy (TRO) for osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) remains controversial, and the promising clinical results of several Japanese studies could not be reproduced in American and European studies. Trying to solve controversies on TRO for ONFH rising from apparently conflicting studies, a meta-analysis was conducted to assess the 5- and 10-year hip survival rates (with conversion to artificial joint replacement and radiographic failure as endpoints) after TRO.@*METHODS@#All eligible studies were searched in seven comprehensive databases including PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane Library, VIP Database, China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database, and Wan Fang Database prior to June 2019. The outcomes evaluated were 5- and 10-year hip survival rates after TRO. The odds ratio and risk difference for the non-comparative binary data with the 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated for each outcome. The included studies were assessed for methodologic bias and potential reasons for heterogeneity were explored.@*RESULTS@#Nineteen studies of TRO for ONFH were eligible for this meta-analysis according to inclusion criteria. Based on the previous report, two calculation methods (Methods 1 and 2) were adopted in this meta-analysis. Furthermore, we performed a sub-group analysis of the 5- and 10-year hip survival rates (Method 1) after TRO for ONFH: Asian sub-population and non-Asian sub-population. Taking conversion to artificial joint replacement as the endpoint, 5- and 10-year hip survival rates (Method 1) after TRO for ONFH in the Asian population were 0.86 (95% CI = 0.82-0.89) and 0.72 (95% CI = 0.65-0.78), respectively, and 5- and 10-year hip survival rates after TRO for ONFH in the non-Asian population were 0.55 (95% CI = 0.43-0.67) and 0.42 (95% CI = 0.28-0.55), respectively. The 5- and 10-year hip survival rates (Method 2) after TRO for ONFH were 0.90 (95% CI = 0.79-0.95) and 0.89 (95% CI = 0.81-0.94), respectively. Taking radiographic failure as the endpoint, 5- and 10-year hip survival rates after TRO for ONFH were 0.70 (95% CI = 0.64-0.76) and 0.53 (95% CI = 0.46-0.61), respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The 5- and 10-year hip survival rates after TRO for ONFH were satisfactory in the Asian population, and were acceptable in the non-Asian population despite high early failure rates.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801874

ABSTRACT

Objective:To realize the rapid and accurate discrimination of Swertia plants by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and chemometrics. Method:The original infrared spectra data from different parts (roots,stems,leaves) of all of the 543 samples of S. davidii,S. mileensis,S. punicea,S. angustifolia and S. cincta were collected and preprocessed by multiplicative scatter correction (MSC),standard normal variate (SNV),Savitzky-Golay filter (SG),first derivative (1D),second derivative (2D),third derivative (3D). Then,the spectral ranges of 4 000-3 700,2 799-1 800 cm-1 and 682-653 cm-1 were deleted before PLS-DA and SVM analysis. Result:The samples of the five species could not be distinguished with similar averaged infrared spectra in the same part. The characteristic peaks of different parts in the same species were different, and the sequence of complexity was leaves > stems > roots. The five species of Swertia could accurately be identified by PLS-DA and SVM models established by spectra data in roots, stems and leaves. MSC+SG+2D showed the best preprocessing effect,and the prediction accuracies of all models were 100%. The values of R2Y in PLS-DA of all of the parts were more than 0.8, and the RMSEP was less than RMSECV,indicating that the model was stable and more effective. Furthermore,the value of Q2 exceeded 0.6, and the accuracy of prediction set reached 100%, indicating a high classification accuracy. It showed that PLS-DA models had a strong prediction ability. The c values in SVM model of roots,stems and leaves were 22.627 4,2 and 1.414 2,respectively,which were all within the normal ranges. The accuracy of prediction set was 100%, suggesting a high accuracy. Conclusion:FTIR combined with PLS-DA and SVM could accurately distinguish different species from Swertia, and the model has a good prediction effect and provides certain reference for the identification of other plants.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704191

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the similarities and differences in brain activation under N-back and DMTS paradigms of working memory. Methods Through searching of BrainMap function database by the combination keywords,a total of 122 articles with 122 experiments ( N-back: 67 experiments,937 sub-jects,900 foci;Delayed Matched to Sample: 55 experiments,806 subjects,872 foci). Maps were analyzed using the FDR PN (P<0. 0001) method based coordinates of the Montreal Neurological Institute ( MNI) space. Results In the combine of the N-back and DMTS paradigms,these regions were activated including the bilateral inferior parietal lobe (Left: -36,-52,44; Right: 38,-52,48) and insula(Left:-34,22,0;Right:34,24,2),the superior frontal gyrus (2,16,50) and inferior frontal gyrus (-44,8,30) of the left brain,and the middle frontal ( 46,36,24) and sub-gyral ( 30,4,56) of the right brain. The N-back paradigm was similar to the above results,whereas the DMTS paradigm only activated the precentral gyrus (-50,8, 34) of the left brain and the right insula ( 34,24,4) . Conclusion The neural circuit of working memory is the frontal-parietal networks. N-back paradigm with the brain activation consists to the neural circuit of work-ing memory. However,DMTS paradigm activates less brain regions and is inconsistent to the neurons of work-ing memory.

14.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 311-316, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689759

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To investigate the relationship of the levels of serum androgens with lipid metabolism in middle-aged and elderly men in Zunyi, Guizhou.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Using the stratified cluster sampling method, we conducted a questionnaire investigation and physical examinations among 437 men in Zunyi City. We divided the subjects into a middle-aged (40-64 [53.20 ± 7.41] years, n = 269) and an elderly group (=≥65 [70.63 ± 4.66] years, n = 168) and collected fasting elbow venous blood samples from them for measuring the levels of total testosterone (TT), sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), luteinizing hormone (LH), total cholesterol (TCH), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), calculated free testosterone (cFT), free testosterone index (FTI), and testosterone secretion index (TSI).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the elderly group, the middle-aged males showed significantly lower SHBG, LH, HDL and LDL, and higher cFT, FTI, TSI, TG and TCH (all P < 0.05). TT and SHBG were negatively correlated with TG, TCH, HDL and LDL, while cFT was positively correlated with TCH, and so was FTI with TG, TCH with LDL, and TSI with TCH, HDL and LDL (all P < 0.05), but LH was negatively correlated with TG, TCH and LDL (all P < 0.05). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that TT and SHBG were negatively correlated with TG, TCH, HDL and LDL, and so was LH with TCH, HDL and LDL (all P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In the middle-aged and elderly men in Zunyi, low concentrations of TT, SHBG and LH were associated with the increased risk of high-TCH and -LDL dyslipidemia, low concentrations of TT and SHBG with that of high-TG dyslipidemia, while high concentrations of TT, SHBG and LH with that of low-HDL dyslipidemia.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Androgens , Blood , China , Cholesterol , Blood , Dyslipidemias , Humans , Lipid Metabolism , Lipoproteins, HDL , Blood , Lipoproteins, LDL , Blood , Luteinizing Hormone , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin , Testosterone , Blood , Triglycerides , Blood
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689541

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression and clinical significances of HGFA, Matriptase, HAI-1 and HAI-2 in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The bone marrow samples from 91 AML patients, 41 AML patients in complete remission, and 32 normal controls were collected. Real time fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the mRNA expressions levels of HGFA, Matriptase, HAI-1, HAI-2 . The expressions of these genes were compared among AML untreated group, the complete remission group and the healthy control group. The correlation of their expression with clinical characteristics was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The level of HGFA in the AML untreated group was higher than that in the healthy control group(P<0.05), while the HAI-2 mRNA level was lower than that in the healthy control group(P<0.05). The mRNA levels of HAI-1 and Matriptase were not changed significantly in all groups. The HAI-2 mRNA expression level was significantly lower in the high white blood cell group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The abnormal activation of HGF/c-Met signaling system in AML may result from the increase of HGFA expression and the decrease of HAI-2 expression of the upstream regulatory factors.</p>


Subject(s)
Hepatocyte Growth Factor , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Membrane Glycoproteins , Proteinase Inhibitory Proteins, Secretory , Serine Endopeptidases
16.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 193-200, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687837

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease. Manganese (Mn) is an essential trace element in the human body. It can enter the brain through the blood-brain barrier and blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier. Excessive accumulation of Mn in the brain may disturb the homeostasis of the central nervous system (CNS) microenvironment and cause severe neuronal damage. The most recent data suggest that excessive Mn is associated with impaired learning and memory in animal models, and may lead to irreversible and progressive mild cognitive impairment and AD. However, the mechanism for the involvement of Mn in AD pathogenesis remains controversial. This paper reviews the effects of Mn on CNS, mitochondrial function, p53 expression, and amyloid precursor protein/β-amyloid metabolism, and analyzes the relationship between these effects and AD pathogenesis.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687318

ABSTRACT

The accumulation of secondary metabolites of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is closely related to its origins. The identification of origins and multi-components quantitative evaluation are of great significance to ensure the quality of medicinal materials. In this study, the identification of Gentiana rigescens from different geographical origins was conducted by data fusion of Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) in combination of partial least squares discriminant analysis; meanwhile quantitative analysis of index components was conducted to provide an accurate and comprehensive identification and quality evaluation strategy for selecting the best production areas of G. rigescens. In this study, the FTIR and HPLC information of 169 G. rigescens samples from Yunnan, Sichuan, Guangxi and Guizhou Provinces were collected. The raw infrared spectra were pre-treated by multiplicative scatter correction, standard normal variate (SNV) and Savitzky-Golay (SG) derivative. Then the performances of FTIR, HPLC, and low-level data fusion and mid-level data fusion for identification were compared, and the contents of gentiopicroside, swertiamarin, loganic acid and sweroside were determined by HPLC. The results showed that the FTIR spectra of G. rigescens from different geographical origins were different, and the best pre-treatment method was SNV+SG-derivative (second derivative, 15 as the window parameter, and 2 as the polynomial order). The results showed that the accuracy rate of low- and mid-level data fusion (96.43%) in prediction set was higher than that of FTIR and HPLC (94.64%) in prediction set. In addition, the accuracy of low-level data fusion (100%) in the training set was higher than that of mid-level data fusion (99.12%) in training set. The contents of the iridoid glycosides in Yunnan were the highest among different provinces. The average content of gentiopicroside, as a bioactive marker in Chinese pharmacopoeia, was 47.40 mg·g⁻¹, and the maximum was 79.83 mg·g⁻¹. The contents of loganic acid, sweroside and gentiopicroside in Yunnan were significantly different from other provinces (<0.05). In comparison of total content of iridoid glycosides in G. rigescens with different geographical origins in Yunnan, it was found that the amount of iridoid glycosides was higher in Eryuan Dali (68.59 mg·g⁻¹) and Yulong Lijiang (66.68 mg·g⁻¹), significantly higher than that in Wuding Chuxiong (52.99 mg·g⁻¹), Chengjiang Yuxi (52.29 mg·g⁻¹) and Xundian Kunming (46.71 mg·g⁻¹) (<0.05), so these two places can be used as a reference region for screening cultivation and excellent germplasm resources of G. rigescens. A comprehensive and accurate method was established by data fusion of HPLC-FTIR and quantitative analysis of HPLC for identification and quality evaluation of G. rigescens, which could provide a support for the development and utilization of G. rigescens.

18.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 492-497, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511218

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the effect of high salt diet during pregnancy on the development of renal vessels in offspring rats and its mechanism.Methods Natural pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into high-salt group and control group.The pregnant rats in the high-salt group were given high-salt diet of 8% NaCl content , while the control group normal diet with 1% NaCl content.In both groups, pregnant rats were given normal drinking water.After delivery, all mothers returned to normal diet and all neonatal rats were breast-fed until one month old.The adult male off springs were used as experimental animals.The vessel tone of renal interlobar arteries and electrophysiological behavior of single vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) were detected respectively.Results The contractile response of renal arteries to phenylephrine(Phe) in high-salt group was stronger than that in the control group(P0.05).Conclusions High-salt diet during pregnancy could increase the sensitivity of renal interlobar arterial contractile response to Phe in adult male offsprings, which is associated with PKC-mediated BK channels pathway.Maternal high-salt diet during pregnancy may increase the risk of renal vascular diseases in adult offsprings.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701537

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore risk factors for surgical site infection(SSI) in colorectal surgery,and provide evidence for formulating measures for preventing SSI.Methods Patients who underwent colorectal surgery in the department of gastrointestinal surgery of a hospital from June 2013 to June 2016 were surveyed retrospectively,the related risk factors for SSI were analyzed by unconditional logistic regression analysis.Results Among 397 patients who underwent colorectal surgery,67 (16.88%) had SSI.Logistic regression analysis showed that smoking,low albumin,seniority of surgeons less than 5 years,irrational use of antimicrobial agents during perioperative period,and high National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance (NNIS) score were independent risk factors for SSI after colorectal surgery (all P<0.05).Conclusion There are multiple risk factors for SSI after colorectal surgery,it is necessary to pay attention to it and formulate preventive measures,so as to reduce the occurrence of SSI effectively.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615961

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects and mechanisms of prenatal hypoxia on vasomotor functions of fetal rats.Methods Sixteen pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into two groups:control and hypoxia groups (eight in each group).Rats in the hypoxia group were provided with 10.5% of oxygen from gestation day 5 to 21,while those in the control group were exposed to normoxic condition.Fetuses were removed from the pregnant rats by cesarean section on gestational day 21.Fetal body weight,blood gas and electrolyte levels were measured.Thoracic aorta rings were separated from fetal rats and used in different vascular function tests.Effects of hypoxia during pregnancy on angiotensin Ⅱ (Ang Ⅱ)-mediated vasoconstrictions and acetylcholine (Ach)-mediated vasodilatations in fetal thoracic aortas were measured.Changes in vasomotor functions were observed after both endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) inhibitor NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-Name) and L-type calcium channel (LTCC) inhibitor nifedipine were administered.T-test and two-way analysis of variance were used for statistical analysis.Results (1) Compared with the control group,fetal body weight [(4.40±0.23) vs (3.33±0.42) g,t=2.871],blood partial pressure of oxygen [(50.64±2.17) vs (42.50-±-2.32) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa),t=-2.618] and blood oxygen saturation [(58.95±1.97)% vs (47.73±2.24)%,t=3.564] in the hypoxia group were significantly reduced (all P<0.05).(2) Compared with the control group,Ang Ⅱ-mediated vasoconstrictions increased,but Ach-mediated vasodilatations in fetal thoracic aortas decreased in the hypoxia group (both P<0.05).L Name induced stronger Ang Ⅱ-mediated contractions in thoracic aortas in the control group than that in the hypoxia group (P<0.05).However,nifedipine decreased Ang Ⅱ-induced contractions,especially in the hypoxia group (P<0.05).Conclusions Maternal hypoxia during pregnancy not only affects the growth and development of fetuses but also changes their blood vessel functions,which may be related to the change of LTCC and the impairment of eNOS.

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