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1.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 372-375, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994475

ABSTRACT

Quorum-sensing system is a way of communication between cells that depends on changes in population density of microorganisms, and is closely associated with variety and pathogenicity of skin microbiota. The synthesis of virulence factors of Staphylococcus aureus ( S. aureus) is regulated by the accessory gene regulator (Agr) quorum-sensing system. Various skin commensals such as coagulase-negative Staphylococcus and Corynebacterium can inhibit the Agr quorum-sensing system of S. aureus, thus decrease the synthesis of virulence factors and attenuate skin inflammation. This review summarizes the mechanism of action of microbial quorum-sensing system in skin inflammation and various quorum-sensing inhibitors.

2.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 118-124, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994453

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe whether hair follicle cells from mice of different species can integrate to generate new pigmented hair follicles, and to explore the role of different melanocyte populations in pigmented hair follicle reconstruction in mice.Methods:The epidermal cell population, hair follicle epithelial cell population and dermal cell population were isolated from the skin of fetal or neonatal C57BL/6J and BALB/C mice, and epidermal melanocytes were obtained by culture and purification of the epidermal cell population. The experiments were divided into 3 parts: (1) hair follicle reconstruction experiment in neonatal C57BL/6J mice, which included 2 groups: epidermal cells + hair follicle epithelial cells group and dermal cells group; (2) chimeric hair follicle reconstruction experiment, which included 4 groups: dermal cells of neonatal C57BL/6J mice group, dermal cells of neonatal BALB/C mice group, dermal cells of neonatal BALB/C mice + dermal cells of neonatal C57BL/6J mice group, and dermal cells of fetal BALB/C mice + dermal cells of fetal C57BL/6J mice group; (3) pigmented hair follicle reconstruction experiment, which included 3 groups: dermal cells of neonatal BALB/C mice + epidermal cells of neonatal C57BL/6J mice group, dermal cells of neonatal BALB/C mice + hair follicle epithelial cells of neonatal C57BL/6J mice group, and dermal cells of neonatal BALB/C mice + cultured C57BL/6J epidermal melanocytes group. Different cells were implanted into dorsal skin fold chambers of the nude mice, and there were 4 mice in each group. At weeks 4 and 8 after inoculation, hair follicle reconstruction was assessed by gross observation, histological examination and immunofluorescence assay.Results:Among the 8 BALB/C nude mice in the 2 groups in the hair follicle reconstruction experiment, 7 survived and 1 died of wound infections on week 4 after inoculation; at weeks 4 and 8 after inoculation, no hair growth was observed in the epidermal cells + hair follicle epithelial cells group (3 mice) , while normal hair grew out in the dermal cells group (4 mice) mixed with epithelial components. Among the 16 BALB/C nude mice in the 4 groups in the chimeric hair follicle reconstruction experiment, 14 survived and 2 died of wound infections on week 4 after inoculation; at weeks 4 and 8 after inoculation, brown-grey hair grew well in the dermal cells of neonatal BALB/C mice + dermal cells of neonatal C57BL/6J mice group (4 mice) , and dermal cells of fetal BALB/C mice + dermal cells of fetal C57BL/6J mice group (3 mice) . Among the 12 BALB/C nude mice in the 3 groups in the pigmented hair follicle reconstruction experiment, 10 survived and 2 died of wound infections on week 4 after inoculation; at weeks 4 and 8 after inoculation, only white hair grew out in the dermal cells of neonatal BALB/C mice + cultured C57BL/6J epidermal melanocytes group (3 mice) , and no hair follicle melanocytes were observed by immunofluorescence assay, while brown-grey hair grew well in the dermal cells of neonatal BALB/C mice + epidermal cells of neonatal C57BL/6J mice group (4 mice) , and dermal cells of neonatal BALB/C mice + hair follicle epithelial cells of neonatal C57BL/6J mice group (3 mice) .Conclusions:The interaction between mesenchymal cells and hair follicle epithelial cells is a necessary condition for hair follicle reconstruction. The hair follicle cells from different species of mice can integrate to generate new pigmented hair follicles. Both hair follicle melanocytes and epidermal melanocytes can participate in the formation of pigmented hair follicles, but differentiated melanocytes have no such ability.

3.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 332-340, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990182

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical status, and analyz obstacles and facilitators for perioperative deep vein thrombosis prevention of brain neoplasms based on the Ottawa model of research use (OMRU).Methods:A total of 93 patients with brain tumors who were admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from April to May 2021 and 33 nurses in the neurosurgery ward and operating room neurosurgery special group were selected as the baseline review subjects by convenience sampling. Based on the framework of evidence-based continued quality improvement of Fudan University, we searched BMJ Best Practice, UpToDate, The Joanna Briggs Institute Library, International Guideline Library, American Guideline Network, Scottish Intercollegiate Guideline Network, National Institutes for Health and Clinical Technology Optimization, Medline, Medlive, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, VIP, Wanfang and SinoMed according to the '6S' evidence pyramid from inception to January 1, 2021 for all clinical decisions, recommended practices, best practice information, evidence summary, guidelines and expert consensus on venous thrombosis assessment, prevention, screening, nursing and health education. The best evidence was summarized, and the final review indicators were formulated through two rounds of expert correspondence. According to the results of baseline review, barriers and facilitators were analyzed, and countermeasures were developed guided by OMRU.Results:A total of 19 best evidences were included, and 34 review indicators were developed in this study. Among them, only 4 indicators had a compliance rate of 100%, 18 ones had a compliance rate of 0, and the other 12 ones had a compliance rate of 6.5%-97.8%. A multi-factor analysis of the review results showed that the main obstacles of evidence implementation were the feasibility and comprehensibility at evidence level, the lack of knowledge and heavy workloads at the potential practitioner level, insufficient education materials, trainings and preventive equipment at system level. Furthermore, the reliable sources of evidence at evidence level, supports from practitioners at the potential practitioner level and system resources (such as training, national and hospital policies, etc.) at system level may contribute to the clinical application of evidence.Conclusions:There was still a huge gap between the best evidence and clinical practice. The obstacles and facilitating factors in evidence transformation should be evaluated scientifically and comprehensively, and corresponding countermeasures should be given to promote the application of evidence in clinical practice.

4.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 161-167, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989206

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effectiveness and safety of endovascular therapy for acute progressive stroke caused by large vessel occlusion (LVO).Methods:Patients with progressive stroke caused by LVO admitted to the Department of Neurology, Yueyang Central Hospital from January 2019 to February 2022 were retrospective included. Patients with an Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) or posterior circulation ASPECTS (pc-ASPECTS) ≥6 after progression were selected for endovascular therapy, including mechanical thromboectomy, thrombus aspiration, balloon angioplasty, stenting, or a combination of the above methods. Patients in the time window (anterior circulation within 12 h and posterior circulation within 24 h) and outside the time window (anterior circulation >12 h, posterior circulation >24 h) as well as those in the anterior and posterior circulation were compared.Results:A total of 20 patients with progressive stroke caused by LVO received endovascular treatment were included. There were 17 males and 3 females, aged 59.45±12.06 years. Three patients (15%) developed asymptomatic intracranial hemorrhage, and 12 (60%) had a good outcome 3 months after procedure. There were no statistically significant differences in the rate of successful vascular recanalization, incidence of intracranial hemorrhage, and the rate of poor outcomes between patients within and outside the time window and between the patients with anterior and posterior circulation.Conclusion:Endovascular therapy may be safe and effective for patients with progressive stroke caused by LVO with ASPECTS or pc-ASPECTS scores ≥6.

5.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 294-300, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987337

ABSTRACT

BackgroundBeing complex and highly heterogeneous with regard to the etiology and clinical manifestations of depression, neuroimaging studies make a breakthrough for exploring the biological subtypes of depression, while the current data-driven approach for the identification of subtyping depression using structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data is insufficient. ObjectiveTo explore the biological subtypes of depression using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and machine learning methods. MethodsA total of 127 patients with depression who attended Beijing Anding Hospital from September 2017 to August 2021 and met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM-IV) diagnostic criteria were included, and another 80 healthy individuals matched for gender and age were recruited through advertisements in surrounding communities during the same period. DTI findings, demographic characteristics and clinical data were collected from all participants. Tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) and the Johns Hopkins University (JHU) white matter probability maps were used to extract fractional anisotropy (FA) values of white matter tracts. A semi-supervised machine learning technique was used to identify the subtypes, and the FA values for whole brain white matter of patients and controls were compared. ResultsPatients with depression were classified into two biological subtypes. FA values in multiple tracts including corpus callosum and corona radiata of subtype I patients were smaller than those of healthy controls (P<0.01, FDR corrected), and FA values in middle cerebellar peduncle, left superior cerebellar peduncle and left cerebral peduncle of subtype II patients were larger than those of healthy controls (P<0.01, FDR-corrected). Baseline Hamilton Depression Scale-17 item (HAMD-17) score yielded no statistical difference between subtype I and subtype II patients (P>0.05), while subtype I patients scored lower on HAMD-17 than subtype II patients after 12 weeks of treatment (t=2.410, P<0.05). ConclusionDepression patients exhibit two biological subtypes with distinct patterns of white matter damage. Furthermore, the subtypes respond differently to the medication treatment. [Funded by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (number, 2016YFC1307200), the Scientific Research and Cultivation Program of Beijing Municipal Hospitals (number,PX2023066), Beijing Anding Hospital, Capital Medical University (number,YJ201904, YJ201911); www.chictr.org.cn number: ChiCTR-OOC-17012566]

6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1908-1915, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981410

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to analyze the biological foundation and biomarkers of stable coronary heart disease(CHD) with phlegm and blood stasis(PBS) syndrome based on RNA-seq and network pharmacology. Peripheral blood nucleated cells from five CHD patients with PBS syndrome, five CHD patients with non-PBS syndrome, and five healthy adults were collected for RNA-seq. The specific targets of CHD with PBS syndrome were determined by differential gene expression analysis and Venn diagram analysis. The active ingredients of Danlou Tablets were screened out from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform, and the "component-target" prediction was completed through PubChem and SwissTargetPrediction. The "drug-ingredient-target-signaling pathway" network of Danlou Tablets against CHD with PBS syndrome was optimized by Cytoscape software. After the target biomarkers were identified, 90 participants were enrolled for diagnostic tests, and 30 CHD patients with PBS syndrome were included in before-and-after experiment to determine the therapeutic effect of Danlou Tablets on those targets. As revealed by RNA-seq and Venn diagram analysis, 200 specific genes were identified for CHD with PBS syndrome. A total of 1 118 potential therapeutic targets of Danlou Tablets were predicted through network pharmacology. Through integrated analysis of the two gene sets, 13 key targets of Danlou Tablets in the treatment of CHD with PBS syndrome were screened out, including CSF1, AKR1C2, PDGFRB, ARG1, CNR2, ALOX15B, ALDH1A1, CTSL, PLA2G7, LAP3, AKR1C3, IGFBP3, and CA1. They were presumably the biomarkers of CHD with PBS syndrome. The ELISA test further showed that CSF1 was significantly up-regulated in the peripheral blood of CHD patients with PBS syndrome, and was significantly down-regulated after Danlou Tablets intervention. CSF1 may be a biomarker for CHD with PBS syndrome, and it is positively correlated with the severity of the disease. The diagnostic cut-off of CSF1 for CHD with PBS syndrome was 286 pg·mL~(-1).


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Network Pharmacology , RNA-Seq , Coronary Disease/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Biomarkers , Syndrome , Tablets , Molecular Docking Simulation
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2490-2499, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981325

ABSTRACT

The effect of Tujia medicine Berberidis Radix on endogenous metabolites in the serum and feces of mice with ulcerative colitis(UC) induced by dextran sulfate sodium(DSS) was analyzed by metabolomics technology to explore the metabolic pathway and underlying mechanism of Berberidis Radix in the intervention of UC. The UC model was induced in mice by DSS. Body weight, disease activity index(DAI), and colon length were recorded. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin-10(IL-10) in colon tissues were determined by ELISA. The levels of endogenous metabolites in the serum and feces were detected by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS). Principal component analysis(PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) were employed to characterize and screen differential metabolites. The potential metabolic pathways were analyzed by MetaboAnalyst 5.0. The results showed that Berberidis Radix could significantly improve the symptoms of UC mice and increase the level of the anti-inflammatory factor IL-10. A total of 56 and 43 differential metabolites were identified in the serum and feces, respectively, belonging to lipids, amino acids, fatty acids, etc. After the intervention by Berberidis Radix, the metabolic disorder gradually recovered. The involved metabolic pathways included biosynthesis of phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan, linoleic acid metabolism, phenylalanine metabolism, and glycerophospholipid metabolism. Berberidis Radix can alleviate the symptoms of mice with DSS-induced UC, and the mechanism may be closely related to the re-gulation of lipid metabolism, amino acid metabolism, and energy metabolism.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Colitis, Ulcerative/drug therapy , Interleukin-10 , Metabolomics/methods , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1331-1338, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980922

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Amygdala plays an important role in the neurobiological basis of panic disorder (PD), and the amygdala contains different subregions, which may play different roles in PD. The aim of the present study was to examine whether there are common or distinct patterns of functional connectivity of the amygdala subregions in PD using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging and to explore the relationship between the abnormal spontaneous functional connectivity patterns of the regions of interest (ROIs) and the clinical symptoms of PD patients.@*METHODS@#Fifty-three drug-naïve, non-comorbid PD patients and 70 healthy controls (HCs) were recruited. Seed-based resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) analyses were conducted using the bilateral amygdalae and its subregions as the ROI seed. Two samples t test was performed for the seed-based Fisher's z -transformed correlation maps. The relationship between the abnormal spontaneous functional connectivity patterns of the ROIs and the clinical symptoms of PD patients was investigated by Pearson correlation analysis.@*RESULTS@#PD patients showed increased rsFC of the bilateral amygdalae and almost all the amygdala subregions with the precuneus/posterior cingulate gyrus compared with the HC group (left amygdala [lAMY]: t  = 4.84, P  <0.001; right amygdala [rAMY]: t  = 4.55, P  <0.001; left centromedial amygdala [lCMA]: t  = 3.87, P  <0.001; right centromedial amygdala [rCMA]: t  = 3.82, P  = 0.002; left laterobasal amygdala [lBLA]: t  = 4.33, P  <0.001; right laterobasal amygdala [rBLA]: t  = 4.97, P  <0.001; left superficial amygdala [lSFA]: t  = 3.26, P  = 0.006). The rsFC of the lBLA with the left angular gyrus/inferior parietal lobule remarkably increased in the PD group ( t  = 3.70, P  = 0.003). And most of the altered rsFCs were located in the default mode network (DMN). A significant positive correlation was observed between the severity of anxiety and the rsFC between the lSFA and the left precuneus in PD patients ( r  = 0.285, P  = 0.039).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our research suggested that the increased rsFC of amygdala subregions with DMN plays an important role in the pathogenesis of PD. Future studies may further explore whether the rsFC of amygdala subregions, especially with the regions in DMN, can be used as a biological marker of PD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Panic Disorder , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Amygdala , Gyrus Cinguli , Comorbidity
9.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 584-590, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980763

ABSTRACT

To explore the methods of the explicitation of implicit knowledge and the construction of knowledge graph on moxibustion in medical case records of ZHOU Mei-sheng's Jiusheng. The medical case records data of Jiusheng was collected, the frequency statistic was analyzed based on Python3.8.6, complex network analysis was performed using Gephi9.2 software, community analysis was performed by the ancient and modern medical case cloud platform V2.3.5, and analysis and verification of correlation graph and weight graph were proceed by Neo4j3.5.25 image database. The disease systems with frequency≥10 % were surgery, ophthalmology and otorhinolaryngology, locomotor, digestive and respiratory systems. The diseases under the disease system were mainly carbuncle, arthritis, lumbar disc herniation and headache. The commonly used moxibustion methods were fumigating moxibustion, blowing moxibustion, direct moxibustion and warming acupuncture. The core prescription of points obtained by complex network analysis included Yatong point, Zhiyang(GV 9), Sanyinjiao(SP 6), Dazhui(GV 14), Zusanli(ST 36), Lingtai(GV 10), Xinshu(BL 15), Zhijian point and Hegu(LI 4), which were basically consistent with high-frequency points. A total of 6 communities were obtained by community analysis, corresponding to different diseases. Through the analysis of correlation graph, 13 pairs of strong association rule points were obtained. The correlation between Zhiyang(GV 9)-Dazhui(GV 14) and Yatong point-Lingtai(GV 10) was the strongest. The acupoints with high correlation with Yatong point were Zhiyang(GV 9), Lingtai(GV 10), Dazhui(GV 14), Zusanli(ST 36) and Sanyinjiao(SP 6). In the weight graph of the high-frequency disease system, the relationship of the first weight of the surgery system disease was fumigating moxibustion-carbuncle-Yatong point, and the relationship of the first weight of the ophthalmology and otorhinolaryngology system disease was blowing moxibustion-laryngitis-Hegu (LI 4). The results of correlation graph and weight graph are consistent with the results of data mining, which can be used as an effective way to study the knowledge base of moxibustion diagnosis and treatment in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Moxibustion , Carbuncle , Pattern Recognition, Automated , Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture Points
10.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 225-232, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971438

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the role of CD4+CD25+regulatory cell (CD4+CD25+Treg) in auditory neuropathy (AN) using a rat model of autoimmune auditory neuropathy. Methods: The SD rats were immunized with P0 protein emulsified in complete Freunds adjuvant for 8 weeks. The number of CD4+CD25+Treg in peripheral blood and cochlea and the expression of Foxp3 gene in cochlea were detected respectively 2, 4, 6 and 8 weeks after the immunization with P0 protein in rats. Then CD4+CD25+Treg were transferred intravenously to the AN rats at 2, 4, 6 and 8 weeks of the immunization, respectively. The change of auditory brainstem response (ABR) and distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) were detected, and the morphological changes in the inner ear were investigated. Results: The number of CD4+CD25+Treg in the peripheral blood of AN rats decreased gradually after 2, 4, 6 and 8 weeks of P0 protein immunization. The number of CD4+CD25+Treg in cochlea gradually increased with the prolongation of immunization time, but the expression of Foxp3 gene in cochlea gradually decreased over time. After intravenous transplantation of CD4+CD25+Treg in AN rats, the threshold of ABR response decreased, and DPOAE had no significant change. The number of spiral ganglion neurons in cochlea increased, and hair cells had no significant change under electron microscope. Conclusions: The decrease in the number and function of CD4+CD25+Treg reduces its inhibitory effect on autoimmune response and promotes the occurrence of autoimmune auditory neuropathy in AN rats. Adoptive transfer of CD4+CD25+Treg can reduce the autoimmune response and promote the recovery of autoimmune auditory neuropathy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Myelin P0 Protein , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , CD4 Antigens/immunology , Interleukin-2 Receptor alpha Subunit/immunology
11.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 40-49, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970753

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of nicotine on the morphology, structure of offspring's dental germ, enamel organ and other dental tissues and the further potential epigenetic mechanisms by establishing prenatal nicotine exposure mouse model. Methods: Ten C57BL/6 pregnant mice were randomly divided into control group (physiological saline subcutaneous injection) and prenatal nicotine exposure (PNE) group (nicotine subcutaneous injection) by using a random number table. Postnatal day 0 (P0), postnatal day 14 (P14) and postnatal day 25 (P25) offspring mice were collected for subsequent experiments. The offspring mice were divided into offspring control group and offspring PNE group according to the maternal group respectively. Weights of P0 and P25 offspring mice were recorded. Micro-CT, scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Vickers hardness test were performed to analyze the related parameters of hard tissues including alveolar bones and mandibular incisors. Total RNAs were extracted from mandible tissues and the third generation of dental epithelial stem cells (DESC) in P25 mice. The relative expression levels of osteogenic and ameloblastic differentiation related genes were measured by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). Immunohistochemical stainings of paraffin sections were then performed to observe the distribution and expression level of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (Pcna), amelogenin (Amelx), histone H3 trimethylated at lysine 27 (H3K27me3) and enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (Ezh2). Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assays were used to detect the cell viabilities of DESCs after administrations of different concentrations of nicotine (0.01, 0.1, 1 mmol/L) and GSK126 (an inhibitor of histone methyltransferase Ezh2). Results: Compared with the control group, pregnant mice in PNE group were more likely to have adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as significantly lower offspring body weight [P0: offspring control (1.20±0.04) g, offspring PNE (0.99±0.02) g, P<0.001; P25: offspring control (15.26±1.70) g, offspring PNE (9.65±1.32) g, P<0.001] and increased stillbirths rate [offspring control (0), offspring PNE (46.40±9.30) %, P<0.001]. At P14 and P25, the distance parameters between the enamel mineralized deposits of mandibular incisors and the mesial surface of the first molar in offspring PNE group [P14: (-1 349±45) μm; P25: (-1 192±147) μm] was significantly decreased compared with the control group [P14: (-506±380) μm, P25: (504±198) μm] (P<0.05, P<0.001). The enamel column and enamel column stroma of incisors in offspring PNE group were blurred, arranged loosely and disorderly than those in the control group, while the microhardness of incisor enamel in offspring PNE group [(245.7±18.4) MPa] was significantly lower compared to the control group [(371.9±28.7) MPa] (P<0.001). HE staining showed disordered pre-ameloblast (Pre-Am) arrangement and delayed mineralization deposition point in offspring PNE group compared with the control group, while the length of transit-amplifying cell (TA) and Pre-Am region were prolonged as well. Immunohistochemical staining results displayed that the overall Pcna (P<0.05), H3K27me3 (P<0.01), Ezh2 (P<0.01) expression of labial cervical loop (LaCL) in PNE group were increased, while the positive signal of Amelx in ameloblast cytoplasm was impaired. In vitro, the addition of 1 mmol/L nicotine could significantly upregulate the expression level of Pcna (P<0.01) and downregulate the expression levels of B lymphoma Mo-MLV insertion region 1 (P<0.05), leucine rich repeats and immunoglobulin like domains 1 (P<0.05), Amelx (P<0.01). In addition, 1 mmol/L nicotine could also significantly enhance the proliferation activity of DESCs (P<0.001). Addition of 10 μmol/L GSK126, could rescue the proliferation activation effect of 1 mmol/L nicotine on DESCs. Conclusions: PNE may delay the process of enamel formation and lineage differentiation, leading to the abnormal proliferation of DESCs and changes of epigenetic modification state in H3K27me3, which affect the development of enamel in offspring mice,suggesting PNE might be one of risk environmental factor for tooth development.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Mice , Animals , Nicotine/toxicity , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Histones , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Dental Enamel
12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1446-1454, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970616

ABSTRACT

Tetramethylpyrazine is the main component of Ligusticum chuanxiong. Studies have found that tetramethylpyrazine has a good protective effect against cardiovascular diseases. In the heart, tetramethylpyrazine can reduce myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury by inhibiting oxidative stress, regulating autophagy, and inhibiting cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Tetramethylpyrazine can also reduce the damage of cardiomyocytes caused by inflammation, relieve the fibrosis and hypertrophy of cardiomyocytes in infarcted myocardium, and inhibit the expansion of the cardiac cavity after myocardial infarction. In addition, tetramethylpyrazine also has a protective effect on the improvement of familial dilated cardiomyopathy. Besides, the mechanisms of tetramethylpyrazine on blood vessels are more abundant. It can inhibit endothelial cell apoptosis by reducing oxidative stress, maintain vascular endothelial function and homeostasis by inhibiting inflammation and glycocalyx degradation, and protect vascular endothelial cells by reducing iron overload. Tetramethylpyrazine also has a certain inhibitory effect on thrombosis. It can play an anti-thrombotic effect by reducing inflammatory factors and adhesion molecules, inhibiting platelet aggregation, and suppressing the expression of fibrinogen and von Willebrand factor. In addition, tetramethylpyrazine can also reduce the level of blood lipid in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice, inhibit the subcutaneous deposition of lipids, inhibit the transformation of macrophages into foam cells, and inhibit the proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells, thereby reducing the formation of atherosclerotic plaque. In combination with network pharmacology, the protective mechanism of tetramethylpyrazine on the cardiovascular system may be mainly achieved through the regulation of phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase/protein kinase B(PI3K/Akt), hypoxia-inducible factor 1(HIF-1), and mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK) pathways. Tetramethylpyrazine hydrochloride and sodium chloride injection has been approved for clinical application, but some adverse reactions have been found in clinical application, which need to be paid attention to.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Myocardial Infarction , Myocardium/metabolism , Myocytes, Cardiac , Thrombosis , Inflammation , Apoptosis
13.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 245-249, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970275

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the characteristics of plasma Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA in primary infection in pediatric cases. Methods: The laboratory and clinical data of 571 children diagnosed with EBV primary infection in Children's Hospital of Fudan University during September 1st, 2017 to September 30th, 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the results of plasma EBV DNA, they were divided into positive group and negative group. According to the EBV DNA, they were devided into high plasma virol load group and low plasma virol load group. The Chi-square test, Wilcoxon rank sum test were used to compare the differences between groups. Results: Among the 571 children with EBV primary infection, 334 were males and 237 were females. The age of first diagnosis was 3.8 (2.2, 5.7) years. There were 255 cases in positive group and 316 cases in negative group. The percentage of cases with fever,hepatomegaly and (or) splenomegaly, elevated transaminase in the positive group were higher than those in the negative group (235 cases (92.2%) vs. 255 cases (80.7%), χ2=15.22, P<0.001; 169 cases (66.3%) vs. 85 cases (26.9%), χ2=96.80, P<0.001; and 144 cases (56.5%) vs. 120 cases (38.0%), χ2=18.27, P<0.001; respectively).In the positive group, 70 cases were followed up for 46 (27, 106) days, 68 cases (97.1%) turned negative within 28 days, with the exception of 2 cases (2.9%) developed chronic active EBV infection by follow-up revision.There were 218 cases in high plasma viral DNA copies group and 37 cases in low copies group. More cases presented with elevated transaminases in the high plasma viral DNA copies group than those in the low group (75.7% (28/37) vs. 56.0%(116/207), χ2=5.00, P=0.025).Both the positive rate of EBV DNA in peripheral blood leukocytes (84.2% (266/316) vs. 44.7% (255/571), χ2=76.26, P<0.001) and the copies of EBV DNA (7.0×107 (1.3×107, 3.0×108) vs. 3.1×106 (1.6×106, 6.1×106) copies /L, Z=15.23, P<0.001) were higher than that of plasma. Conclusions: In immunocompetent pediatric cases diagnosed as EBV primary infection, cases with positive plasma EBV DNA were prone to have fever, hepatomegaly and (or) splenomegaly, and elevated transaminase than those with negative plasma viral DNA. The plasma EBV DNA usually turns negative within 28 days after initial diagnosis.Most cases with high viral load in plasma showed elevated aminotransferase.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Child , DNA, Viral , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Hepatomegaly , Retrospective Studies , Splenomegaly , Fever , Transaminases
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2645-2662, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982861

ABSTRACT

Induction of cancer cell ferroptosis has been proposed as a potential treatment in several cancer types. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) play a key role in promoting tumor malignant progression and therapy resistance. However, the roles and mechanisms of TAMs in regulating tumor ferroptosis is still unexplored and remains enigmatic. This study shows ferroptosis inducers has shown therapeutic outcomes in cervical cancer in vitro and in vivo. TAMs have been found to suppress cervical cancer cells ferroptosis. Mechanistically, macrophage-derived miRNA-660-5p packaged into exosomes are transported into cancer cells. In cancer cells, miRNA-660-5p attenuates ALOX15 expression to inhibit ferroptosis. Moreover, the upregulation of miRNA-660-5p in macrophages depends on autocrine IL4/IL13-activated STAT6 pathway. Importantly, in clinical cervical cancer cases, ALOX15 is negatively associated with macrophages infiltration, which also raises the possibility that macrophages reduce ALOX15 levels in cervical cancer. Moreover, both univariate and multivariate Cox analyses show ALOX15 expression is independent prognostic factor and positively associated with good prognosis in cervical cancer. Altogether, this study reveals the potential utility of targeting TAMs in ferroptosis-based treatment and ALOX15 as prognosis indicators for cervical cancer.

15.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 459-469, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982299

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate autophagy-related mechanisms of electroacupuncture (EA) action in improving gastrointestinal motility in mice with functional constipation (FC).@*METHODS@#According to a random number table, the Kunming mice were divided into the normal control, FC and EA groups in Experiment I. The autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine (3-MA) was used to observe whether it antagonized the effects of EA in Experiment II. An FC model was established by diphenoxylate gavage. Then the mice were treated with EA stimulation at Tianshu (ST 25) and Shangjuxu (ST 37) acupoints. The first black stool defecation time, the number, weight, and water content of 8-h feces, and intestinal transit rate were used to assess intestinal transit. Colonic tissues underwent histopathological assessment, and the expressions of autophagy markers microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) and Beclin-1 were detected by immunohistochemical staining. The expressions of phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3K)-protein kinase B (AKT)-mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway members were investigated by Western blot and quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, respectively. The relationship between enteric glial cells (EGCs) and autophagy was observed by confocal immunofluorescence microscopy, localization analysis, and electron microscopy.@*RESULTS@#EA treatment shortened the first black stool defecation time, increased the number, weight, and water content of 8-h feces, and improved the intestinal transit rate in FC mice (P<0.01). In terms of a putative autophagy mechanism, EA treatment promoted the expressions of LC3 and Beclin-1 proteins in the colonic tissue of FC mice (P<0.05), with glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and LC3 significantly colocalized. Furthermore, EA promoted colonic autophagy in FC mice by inhibiting PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The positive effect of EA on intestinal motility in FC mice was blocked by 3-MA.@*CONCLUSION@#EA treatment can inhibit PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling in the colonic tissues of FC mice, thereby promoting EGCs autophagy to improve intestinal motility.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Electroacupuncture , Beclin-1 , Signal Transduction , Constipation/therapy , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Autophagy , Neuroglia/metabolism , Mammals/metabolism
16.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 377-383, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984663

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate whether admission blood pressure (BP) variability during multiple hospitalizations is associated with all-cause mortality independent of baseline BP in acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). Methods: Patients with ADHF admitted to the Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University from September 2013 to December 2017 were retrospectively enrolled. The risk of all-cause mortality associated with indices of BP variability, including mean admission BPs, standard deviation of BP and coefficient of variation of BP during multiple hospitalizations was assessed, using Cox regression model. Results: A total of 1 006 ADHF patients (mean aged (69.3±13.5) years; 411 (40.8%) female; 670 (66.6%) with preserved ejection fraction) were enrolled. During a median follow-up of 1.54 years, 47.0% of patients died. In all ADHF patients, after adjusting for confounding factors, for every 1-standard deviation (SD) increase in SD and coefficient of variation (CV) of systolic BP, the risk of all-cause mortality increased by 10% and 11%, respectively (SD: HR, 1.10, 95%CI, 1.01-1.21, P=0.029, CV: HR, 1.11, 95%CI, 1.02-1.21, P=0.017); for every 1-SD increase in the mean of diastolic BP, the risk of all cause mortality decreased by 25% (HR, 0.75; 95%CI, 0.65-0.87; P<0.001). In ADHF patients with preserved ejection fraction, after accounted for potential confounders, higher SD and CV of admitted systolic and diastolic BP were significantly associated with higher risk of all-cause mortality, regardless of whether confounding factors were adjusted (P≤0.049); After adjusting for confounding factors, the risk of all-cause mortality increased by 18% and 19% for every 1-SD increase in SD and CV of systolic BP, while the risk of all-cause mortality increased by 11% and 15% for every 1-SD increase in SD and CV of diastolic BP. In ADHF patients with reduced ejection fraction, after adjusting for confounding factors, the higher the mean admission systolic BP during multiple hospitalizations, the lower the risk of total mortality (HR, 0.68; 95%CI, 0.47-1.00; P=0.049). Conclusions: In patients with ADHF, independent of baseline BP, BP variability during multiple hospitalizations was strong predictor of all-cause mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Male , Blood Pressure , Retrospective Studies , Heart Failure , Hospitalization , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left , Risk Factors , Prognosis
17.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 436-440, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965907

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the trends and influencing factors of endurance performance of 19-22 years old college students in Hunan Province from 1985 to 2019, so as to provide objective and scientific basis for sports and health work in colleges and universities.@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on the data of 14 490 college students aged 19-22 in Hunan Province from 8 consecutive National Student Physical Fitness and Health Surveys conducted from 1985 to 2019. The analysis indexes were 1 000 m running for boys and 800 m running for girls.@*Results@#From 1985 to 2019, the endurance running time of 19-22 years old Han college students in Hunan Province showed an obvious trend of decline. The 1 000 m running time of urban and rural male students increased by 41.9 and 45.4 s on average, and the 800 m running time of urban and rural female students increased by 29.5 and 30.6 s on average, respectively. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that age ( β =0.17), urban students (rural students as reference; β =0.44), GDP ( β =0.94) and urbanization level ( β = 0.44 ) were positively correlated with the average endurance running time of males. Urban students ( β =0.92), GDP ( β = 1.38 ) and Engel coefficient ( β =0.93) were positively correlated with the average endurance running time of females. BMI ( β =-0.47) was negatively correlated with the females mean time of endurance running ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The endurance performance of Han college students in Hunan Province showed a declining trend from 1985 to 2019,which is associated with age, urban and rural distribution, regional GDP, Engel s coefficient, urbanization level and BMI. Effective measures should be taken to improve the physical quality of college students.

18.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 148-151, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959070

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the effect of immune function on the condition and prognosis of asthma in children with asthma. Methods A total of 148 children with asthma diagnosed in Qinghai women and children's Hospital from January 2018 to January 2021 were included in the analysis, the immune function of the children was determined, and the information of all children was followed up for 6 months after treatment; compared The condition and follow-up prognosis of children with immunocompromised and normal immune function were analyzed and discussed, and the correlation between the expression levels of immunoglobulins (IgG, IgA, IgM) and the condition and short-term recurrence prognosis (6 months) of children was analyzed and discussed, so as to guide Prevention and clinical work. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS19.0. Results The average age of 148 children with recurrent respiratory tract infection in the study was (8.94±3.65) years old, including 70 male children. The condition of the children was evaluated and classified into mild/severe cases: 148 children in this study included mild cases. There were 98 cases and 50 severe cases. There were more males and lower BMI levels in severe children (P<0.05) . The levels of IgG, IgA and IgM in children were all lower in severe children (P<0.05) . The follow-up found that the proportion of relapses in critically ill children was higher (P<0.05). Comparing the levels of IgG, IgA, and IgM in mild and severe children, the average levels of IgG, IgA, and IgM in severe children were lower than those in the mild group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05); recurrence within 6 months of follow-up Prognostic evaluation showed that 19 of the 148 children had relapse, and the levels of IgG, IgA, and IgM in severe relapsed children were significantly lower than those without relapse (P<0.05). Analysis of the relevant factors potentially affecting the prognosis of recurrence showed that gender (female) (OR=1.726) , BMI level (weight loss) (OR=1.613) , IgG expression level factor (low expression) (OR=1.898) , IgA expression Level factor (low expression) (OR=3.509) , IgM expression level factor (low expression) (OR=3.217) and disease factor (severe) (OR=3.619) were potential risk factors, which would increase the risk of poor prognosis. Conclusion The asthma attack in children with immunocompromised immune function is relatively severe, and the short-term recurrence probability is higher, which deserves clinical attention and preventive intervention.

19.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 517-521, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995890

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the protective effect and mechanism of Acronychia pedunculata water extracts on UV-induced light damage of human keratinocytes.Methods:The experiment was conducted from December 2018 to April 2020 in the Guangxi Medical University Laboratory of Genetics. The photoaged keratinocyte model was used, the cells were co-cultured with different concentrations of Acronychia pedunculata water extracts. The cell proliferation rate was detected by CCK-8 method. The levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPX) and total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) of cells were detected by a test kit. The levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) were determined by ELISA.Results:The proliferation of HaCaT cells was promoted by 0.5 mg/L-2.0 mg/L of the extracts. Compared with control group, the proliferation rate of HaCaT cells in the experimental group was significantly increased ( P<0.05). Compared with control group, the contents of ROS was decreased ( F=214.67, P<0.05), MDA was decreased ( F=811.88, P<0.05), SOD was increased ( F=28.95, P<0.05), CAT was increased ( F=213.31, P<0.05), GPX was increased ( F=65.10, P<0.05), T-AOC was increased ( F=305.58, P<0.05), IL-1β was decreased ( F=15.46, P<0.05), IL-6 was decreased ( F=59.2, P<0.05), and TNF-α was decreased ( F=33.13, P<0.05). Conclusions:The extracts of 0.5-2.0 mg/L of Acronychia pedunculata have protective effects on the photoaging cell model, which may be related to the increase of SOD, CAT, GPX and other antioxidant enzymes and the level of T-AOC in photoaging HaCaT cells, and the decrease of ROS, MDA content and the expression of inflammatory cytokines.

20.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 1137-1142, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956216

ABSTRACT

The research on clinical high-risk for psychosis is a hotspot in recent years, which is helpful to the early identification and early intervention of psychosis. White matter fibers are the important structural basis of complex information transmission function among brain regions. The existing literatures show that there are abnormal white matter microstructures in individuals at clinical high-risk for psychosis, which is related to their clinical symptoms and social function. Diffusion tensor imaging is the only non-invasive technique to study the microstructure of brain white matter. This paper reviews the existing evidences of microstructural abnormalities of white matter at clinical high-risk for psychosis by diffusion tensor imaging, in order to comprehensively analyze the potential neurobiomarkers in the early stage of the disease and the pathological evolution characteristics in the development of the disease.

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