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1.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 213-216, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969974

ABSTRACT

The theory of disease prevention with traditional Chinese medicine is introduced into the prevention of chronic diseases such as hypertension. In order to fully implement the advantages of acupuncture, the three-level prevention strategy is strengthened on the whole-process intervention with acupuncture for hypertension, including prevention before disease onset, starting intervention at the early phase, and prevention disease from exacerbating. Moreover, the comprehensive management scheme, multidisciplinary coordination and participation mechanism are investigated in the field of traditional Chinese medicine for preventive treatment of hypertension.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Acupuncture , Chronic Disease , Hypertension
2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 114-118, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969957

ABSTRACT

The appropriate needle device is crucial for obtaining the curative effect of fire needling therapy. The article introduces the material specification, clinical operation, indications, characteristics and advantages of the contemporary traditional fire needling devices (e.g. He's fire needle and Shi 's fire needle) and the contemporary new-type ones (e.g. fire needling with filiform needle and micro-needle); and determines the innovations of modern fire needling. It is anticipated that the needle specifications, production process and operation standard of fire needling devices should be further unified so as to provide the references for the selection of fire needling devices in treatment based on clinical syndrome differentiation and expand the clinical application of fire needling therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Needles
3.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 45-50, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969946

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of fire needling on prostate symptoms, quality of life, average daily number of nightly urination, urine flow rate and prostat volume in patients with mild to moderate benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) of kidney yang deficiency.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with mild to moderate BPH of kidney yang deficiency were randomly divided into an observation group (30 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a control group (30 cases, 4 cases dropped off). The observation group was treated with fire needling at Guanyuan (CV 4), Shuidao (ST 28) and Qugu (CV 2) twice a week (2-3 d interval between each treatment), continuous treatment for 4 weeks. The control group received lifestyle advice and education, once a week for 4 weeks. In the two groups, the international prostate symptom score (IPSS), the quality of life (QoL) score and the average daily number of nightly urination were observed before treatment, after treatment and during the follow-up of the 4th week; the urinary maximum flow rate (Qmax), the average flow rate (Qave), and the prostate volume were assessed before and after treatment in the two groups. The safety was observed in the observation group.@*RESULTS@#After treatment and during follow-up, the IPSS scores, QoL scores, and the average daily number of nightly urination in the observation group were decreased compared with those before treatment (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, there was no significant difference in Qmax, Qave and prostate volume between the two groups and within the each group (P>0.05). There were no fire needling-related adverse reactions, and no obvious abnormality was found in urine routine and coagulation function tests before and after treatment in the observation group.@*CONCLUSION@#Fire needling can improve lower urinary tract symptoms and quality of life, reduce frequency of nightly urination in patients with mild to moderate BPH of kidney yang deficiency, and has good safety.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostatic Hyperplasia/therapy , Quality of Life , Yang Deficiency , Treatment Outcome , Kidney
4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1311-1314, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007475

ABSTRACT

Starting from the perspective of meridian theory, this article briefly analyzes the meridian pathophysiology of snoring and the relationship between snoring and meridian theory. It proposes that acupuncture treatment for snoring should focus on regulating qi from the shaoyang meridians, harmonizing the spirit by the governor vessel, resolving phlegm through the three yang meridians, and harmonizing qi and blood from the yangming meridians. Additionally, attention is placed on both the root cause and the symptoms, the theory of "four seas". The ultimate goal is to promote the flow of meridian and qi-blood, improve symptoms such as nighttime snoring, poor sleep quality, and daytime sleepiness, and achieve the desired outcome of stopping snoring and ensuring restful sleep.


Subject(s)
Humans , Meridians , Snoring/therapy , Acupuncture Therapy , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Mucus , Acupuncture Points
5.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1175-1179, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007462

ABSTRACT

Due to various constraints, such as clinical implementation conditions and unique characteristics of acupuncture-moxibustion, some randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of acupuncture-moxibustion still suffer from relatively low quality and limited applicability. The single-arm objective performance criteria/performance goal can be considered as an ideal supplementary and alternative research approach to RCTs. In this paper, the feasibility of applying the single-arm objective performance criteria/performance goal in acupuncture-moxibustion clinical research is explored from the limitations of conducting acupuncture-moxibustion RCTs, the principles, the essential design considerations and key statistical steps. In addition, illustrative examples are provided. The objective is to offer insights into resolving practical difficulties in acupuncture-moxibustion clinical research.


Subject(s)
Moxibustion , Goals , Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture
6.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 951-954, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007424

ABSTRACT

This study summarizes the clinical thinking of acupuncture for snoring based on "disharmony qi leads to restlessness". According to the pathological characteristics of qi stagnation and blood stasis, phlegm dampness and internal obstruction in snoring patients, combined with the etiology, pathogenesis and location of the disease, the innovative viewpoint of "disharmony qi leads to restlessness" is proposed. It is believed that the key to snoring treatment lies in "regulating qi ". In clinical practice, acupuncture can directly regulate the qi of the disease's location, regulate the qi of the organs and viscera, and regulate the qi of the meridians to achieve overall regulation of the body's internal and external qi, smooth circulation of qi and blood, and ultimately achieve the therapeutic goal of harmonizing qi, stopping snoring, and improving sleep quality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Qi , Snoring/therapy , Psychomotor Agitation , Acupuncture Therapy , Meridians
7.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 889-893, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007413

ABSTRACT

Based on the development of conditions, the etiology and pathogenesis of jingjin (muscle region of meridian) diseases are summarized as 3 stages, i.e. stagnation due to over-exertion at early stage, manifested by tendon-muscle contracture and tenderness; cold condition due to stagnation, interaction of stasis and cold, resulting in clustered nodules at the middle stage; prolonged illness and missed/delayed treatment, leading to tendon-muscle contracture and impairment of joint function at the late stage. It is proposed that the treatment of jingjin diseases should be combined with the characteristic advantages of fire needling and bloodletting technique, on the base of "eliminating stagnation and bloodletting/fire needling". This combined therapy warming yang to resolve stasis and dispels cold to remove nodules, in which, eliminating the stagnation is conductive to the tissue regeneration, and the staging treatment is delivered in terms of the condition development at different phases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Bloodletting , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Muscular Diseases/therapy , Hot Temperature/therapeutic use , Contracture/therapy
8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 437-441, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927403

ABSTRACT

The paper introduces the placebo acupuncture simulation devices commonly used in clinical trial of acupuncture therapy. These devices are composed of Streitberger, Park, Takakura, Foam and Phantom acupuncture. Because acupuncture therapy is a kind of complex intervention, there are the controversies in methodology for the acupuncture placebo control of clinical trial. Placebo acupuncture may be an effective control, with a certain of specific therapeutic effect. The blinding effect of placebo acupuncture is highly questioned, specially, the sensation of deqi is hardly imitated during acupuncture. On these grounds, in this research, the suggestions has been proposed on the selection and the setting of placebo control in clinical trial of acupuncture therapy.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Sensation
9.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 634-638, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939507

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of acupuncture on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) based on the conventional treatment.@*METHODS@#A total of 35 patients with COVID-19 of mild or ordinary type were involved (3 cases dropped off). Acupuncture was applied on the basis of western medicine and Chinese materia medica treatment. Dazhui (GV 14), Fengchi (GB 20), Kongzui (LU 6), Hegu (LI 4), etc. were selected as the main acupoints, the supplementary acupoints and the reinforcing and reducing manipulations were selected according to syndrome differentiation. Acupuncture treatment was given once a day, 5 times a week. On day 3 and day 7 of acupuncture, relief condition of the main symptoms was observed. Before acupuncture and on day 3 and day 7 of acupuncture, efficacy evaluation scale of TCM on COVID-19 (efficacy evaluation scale) score was recorded. The effects of different intervention time of acupuncture on patients' hospitalization time were compared, the understanding of acupuncture treatment of patients discharged from hospital was recorded, the clinical efficacy and safety of acupuncture treatment were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#On day 3 and day 7 of acupuncture, the symptoms of lung system and non lung system were both relieved; the scores of efficacy evaluation scale were both decreased compared before acupuncture (P<0.05), and the efficacy evaluation scale score of day 7 of acupuncture were lower than day 3 of acupuncture (P<0.05). The average hospitalization time of patients received early acupuncture was shorter than late acupuncture (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 84.4% (27/32) on day 7 of acupuncture, which was higher than 34.4% (11/32) on day 3 of acupuncture (P<0.05). During the acupuncture treatment, there were neither adverse reactions in patients nor occupational exposures in doctors. The patients generally believed that acupuncture could promote the recovery of COVID-19 and recommended acupuncture treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of the conventional treatment, acupuncture can effectively relieve the clinical symptoms in patients with COVID-19, early intervention of acupuncture can accelerate the recovery process. Acupuncture has good safety, clinical compliance and recognition of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , COVID-19/therapy , Combined Modality Therapy , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 493-497, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877645

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect of fire needling and filiform needling for mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis (KOA) and observe the influence on related serum inflammatory sytokines.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with mild to moderate KOA were randomly divided into an observation group (30 cases, 4 cases dropped off) and a control group (30 cases, 4 cases dropped off). Both groups were given basic health management, and the acupoints of the two groups were Liangqiu (ST 34), Xuehai (SP 10), Neixiyan (EX-LE 4), Dubi (ST 35), Yanglingquan (GB 34) and @*RESULTS@#At each time point of treatment and follow-up, the pain, stiffness, difficulty of daily activities scores and WOMAC total scores of the two groups were lower than those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Fire needling can improve the pain, stiffness and joint dysfunction of patients with mild to moderate KOA, and increase serum MMP-3 and IL-1α levels. Its short and long term clinical effects are better than filiform needling.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Cytokines , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 331-334, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877615

ABSTRACT

"Treatment in accordance with time factor" is one of the key principles of acupuncture and moxibustion treatment. In clinical practice of acupuncture and moxibustion, the connotation of "timing/time factor" should be fully understood and the temporal rule on physiology and pathology affected by the changes of four seasons and day and night be grasped. Based on the change law of


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Moxibustion , Needles , Time Factors
12.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 388-392, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828285

ABSTRACT

Knee osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis, which is manifested by the deformation and degeneration of articular cartilage and the discomfort of patients with joint pain, which affects the quality of life of patients and aggravates the medical burden of society. The pathogenesis of knee osteoarthritis is very complex. This paper reviews the inflammatory factors and signal pathways involved in knee osteoarthritis. It is found that most of the inflammatory factors involved are interleukin, such as IL-1 β, IL-6, IL-15, IL-17, IL-18, and tumor necrosis factors, such as TNF-α. These inflammatory factors aggravate knee osteoarthritisby activating corresponding pathways and promoting the release of inflammatory mediators. The inflammatory signaling pathways involved in knee osteoarthritis are complex. Notch pathway, Wnt pathway, SDF-1 / CXCR4 pathway, TLRs pathway, MAPKs pathway, hippo Yap pathway, OPG-RANK-RANKL pathway and TGF-β pathway are all involved in the regulation of knee osteoarthritis, and the pathways related to inflammatory mechanism are mainly MAPKs pathway and TLRs pathway. Different signaling pathways can cause the destruction of articular cartilage, promote the apoptosis of chondrocytes, and finally lead to the further imbalance of homeostasis in the knee joint. At the same time, the activation of signal pathway can promote the release of inflammatory factors, so under the cascade reaction of inflammatory factors and signal pathway, knee osteoarthritis is aggravating.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cartilage, Articular , Chondrocytes , Interleukin-1beta , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Quality of Life , Signal Transduction
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