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Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928966


OBJECTIVE@#To systematically evaluate the efficacy of Shengmai San in patients with cardiotoxicity of anthracyclines.@*METHODS@#Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were identified by searching China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Embase Databases from the inceptions until December 2020. The Cochrane Handbook was used to evaluate the risk of bias in the included studies. Data analysis was conducted using RevMan 5.3 software.@*RESULTS@#Totally 19 RCTs with 2,331 participants were included in this review. Results showed that in improving arrhythmia (13 RCTs, n=1,877, RR=0.37, 95%CI 0.25 to 0.52, P<0.00001), the treatment group was superior to the control group. In terms of reducing left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD, 2 RCTs, n=128, MD=-0.79, 95%CI -0.93 to -0.65, P<0.00001) and left ventricular end systolic diameter (LVESD, 2 RCTs, n=128, MD=-0.58, 95%CI -0.82 to -0.35, P<0.00001), the treatment group was also better than the control group. In reducing myocardial enzymes such as creatine kinase (CK) [(3 RCTs, n=256, SMD=-0.80, 95%CI -1.16 to -0.44, P<0.0001), (2 RCTs, n=126, SMD=-0.62, 95%CI -0.98 to -0.26, P=0.0007)], the treatment group was superior to the control group.@*CONCLUSION@#Shengmai San has a positive effect on the treatment of cardiotoxicity from anthracyclines. However, in the future, it is still necessary to conduct high-quality RCTs to verify its efficacy.

Anthracyclines/adverse effects , Cardiotoxicity/etiology , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Humans
China Medical Equipment ; (12): 127-130, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706473


Aerosol inhalation exposure device provides important means for the studies of respiratory infectious disease, toxicity identification of chemical substance, vaccine evaluation and drug research, and now it is widely used in many fields included of respiratory diseases research, toxicology, inhalation immunity and safety evaluation. It is essential platform to do aerosol infection experiment of using laboratory animal and toxicology studies about inhalation. With the developments of science and technology and for the demand of reality, the device of aerosol exposure is developing in a more safe, efficient, precise and automatic direction, and it has a wide application prospect. Through reviews the characters and applications of inhalation exposure device, this paper will service as the scientific basis and references for further research and selection on the inhalation exposure device in future.

Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308220


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>In the present study, we systemically evaluated the ability of two bioactive compounds from traditional Chinese medicine, celastrol and pristimerin, to enhance recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) serotype vector-mediated transgene expression both in human cell lines in vitro, and in murine hepatocytes in vivo.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Human cell lines were infected with rAAV vectors with either mock treatment or treatment with celastrol or pristimerin. The transgene expression, percentage of nuclear translocated viral genomes and the ubiquitination of intracellular proteins were investigated post-treatment. In addition, nonobese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficient gamma (NSG) mice were tail vain-injected with rAAV vectors and co-administered with either dimethyl sulfoxide, celastrol, pristimerin or a positive control, bortezomib. The transgene expression in liver was detected and compared over time.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>We observed that treatment with pristimerin, at as low as 1 μmol/L concentration, significantly enhanced rAAV2 vector-mediated transgene expression in vitro, and intraperitoneal co-administration with pristimerin at 4 mg/(kg·d) for 3 d dramatically facilitated viral transduction in murine hepatocytes in vivo. The transduction efficiency of the tyrosine-mutant rAAV2 vectors as well as that of rAAV8 vectors carrying oversized transgene cassette was also augmented significantly by pristimerin. The underlying molecular mechanisms by which pristimerin mediated the observed increase in the transduction efficiency of rAAV vectors include both inhibition of proteasomal degradation of the intracellular proteins and enhanced nuclear translocation of the vector genomes.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These studies suggest the potential beneficial use of pristimerin and pristimerin-containing herb extract in future liver-targeted gene therapy with rAAV vectors.</p>

Animals , Cell Line , Dependovirus , Genetics , Physiology , Gene Expression , Genetic Therapy , Genetic Vectors , Genetics , Physiology , Hepatocytes , Metabolism , Virology , Humans , Liver , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Virology , Mice , Transgenes , Triterpenes , Pharmacology
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308214


The field of gene therapy has been increasingly studied in the last four decades, and its clinical application has become a reality in the last 15 years. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), an important component of complementary and alternative medicine, has evolved over thousands of years with its own unique system of theories, diagnostics and therapies. TCM is well-known for its various roles in preventing and treating infectious and chronic diseases, and its usage in other modern clinical practice. However, whether TCM can be applied alongside gene therapy is a topic that has not been systematically examined. Here we provide an overview of TCM theories in relation to gene therapy. We believe that TCM theories are congruent with some principles of gene therapy. TCM-derived drugs may also act as gene therapy vehicles, therapeutic genes, synergistic therapeutic treatments, and as co-administrated drugs to reduce side effects. We also discuss in this review some possible approaches to combine TCM and gene therapy.

Gene Expression , Genes , Genetic Therapy , Methods , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 483-494, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308177


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Little effort has been made to study the protein-encoding genes isolated from traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) drugs, and the delivery of these genes into malignant cells through recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vectors has not been attempted.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We synthesized the cDNAs of five known cytotoxic proteins isolated from TCM drugs and the FLAG epitope-tagged cDNAs were subcloned into a rAAV plasmid vector. The protein expression was confirmed by Western blot assay. Various cancer cell lines were transfected with the above plasmids and cell growth was monitored both in vitro and in vivo. The best cytotoxic gene was further packaged into rAAV vectors, under the control of a liver cancer-specific promoter. The liver tumor growth was then monitored following intratumor administration of the rAAV vectors.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression plasmids, encoding individual potential cytotoxic genes tagged with FLAG epitope, were successfully generated and sequenced. Among these genes, trichosanthin (TCS) gene yielded the most promising results for the inhibition of cancer cell growth in vitro. The over-expressed TCS functioned as a type I ribosome-inactivating protein, followed by inducing apoptosis that is associated with the Bcl-PARP signaling pathway. Furthermore, intratumor injection of rAAV vectors containing the TCS gene significantly inhibited the growth of human hepatocellular carcinoma tumors in a murine xenograft model.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Our studies suggest that the use of TCM cytotoxic genes is a useful therapeutic strategy for treating human cancers in general, and liver tumors in particular.</p>

Animals , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Physiology , Cell Line, Tumor , DNA, Complementary , Dependovirus , Genetic Vectors , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Mice , Neoplasms , Trichosanthin , Genetics , Pharmacology
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309302


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the Chinese medical syndrome features of patients with primary liver cancer before and after transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Recruited were 106 primary liver cancer (PLC) patients treated with TACE at the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from May to November 2009. Using self-control study, the distributions of 8 syndrome types were compared, such as qi stagnation syndrome, blood stasis syndrome, excess-heat syndrome, fluid and damp syndrome, qi deficiency syndrome, blood deficiency syndrome, yin deficiency syndrome, and yang deficiency syndrome. The scoring for each syndrome quantization was performed to all patients before and after TACE.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Eight syndromes occurred in the 106 patients before treatment, amounting to 412 cases. The proportions of syndrome types in PLC patients before TACE were ranked from high to low as blood stasis syndrome [(92 cases, 86.8%)], excess-heat syndrome [(73 cases, 68.9%)], qi stagnation syndrome [(62 cases, 58.5%)], qi deficiency syndrome [(62 cases, 58.5%)], yin deficiency syndrome [(60 cases, 56.6%)], blood deficiency syndrome [(30 cases, 28.3%)], yang deficiency syndrome [(18 cases, 17.0%)], fluid and damp syndrome [(15 cases, 14.2%)]. The 8 syndromes occurred in 456 cases after TACE. The proportions of syndrome types in PLC patients after TACE were ranked from high to low as blood stasis syndrome [(89 cases, 84.0%)], qi deficiency syndrome [(87 cases, 82.1%)], excess-heat syndrome [(85 cases, 80.2%)], qi stagnation syndrome [(52 cases, 49.1%)], yin deficiency syndrome [(49 cases, 46.2%)], blood deficiency syndrome [(42 cases, 39.6%)], yang deficiency syndrome [(32 cases, 30.2%)], fluid and damp syndrome [(20 cases, 18.9%)]. After TACE the proportions of qi deficiency syndrome and yang deficiency syndrome increased with statistical difference (P<0.01, P<0.05). There were no statistical difference in terms of other syndromes between before and after TACE (P>0.05). Blood stasis syndrome and qi stagnation syndrome got the highest quantization scores before TACE. After TACE blood stasis syndrome and qi deficiency syndrome got the highest quantization scores. After TACE the score of qi stagnation syndrome decreased, while that of excess-heat syndrome, qi deficiency syndrome, blood deficiency syndrome, yang deficiency syndrome increased (all P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>It's necessary to pay attention to regulating qi, clearing heat, replenishing qi, and removing stasis for treating liver cancer patients. Clearing heat, replenishing qi, enriching blood, and warming yang after TACE should also be paid equal attention to while using syndrome typing methods.</p>

Adult , Aged , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Middle Aged , Yang Deficiency , Diagnosis , Yin Deficiency , Diagnosis