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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903958

ABSTRACT

Bladder cancer is one of the most common types of cancer. Most gene mutations related to bladder cancer are dominantly acquired gene mutations and are not inherited. Previous comparative transcriptome analysis of urinary bladder cancer and control samples has revealed a set of genes that may play a role in tumor progression. Here we set out to investigate further the expression of two candidate genes, centromere protein U (CENPU) and mitochondrial ribosomal protein s28 (MRPS28) to better understand their role in bladder cancer pathogenesis. Our results confirmed that CENPU is up-regulated in human bladder cancer tissues at mRNA and protein levels. Gain-of-function and loss-of-function studies in T24 human urinary bladder cancer cell line revealed a hierarchical relationship between CENPU and MRPS28 in the regulation of cell viability, migration and invasion activity. CENPU expression was also up-regulated in in vivo nude mice xenograft model of bladder cancer and mice overexpressing CENPU had significantly higher tumor volume. In summary, our findings identify CENPU and MRPS28 in the molecular pathogenesis of bladder cancer and suggest that CENPU enhances the progression of bladder cancer by promoting MRPS28 expression.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896254

ABSTRACT

Bladder cancer is one of the most common types of cancer. Most gene mutations related to bladder cancer are dominantly acquired gene mutations and are not inherited. Previous comparative transcriptome analysis of urinary bladder cancer and control samples has revealed a set of genes that may play a role in tumor progression. Here we set out to investigate further the expression of two candidate genes, centromere protein U (CENPU) and mitochondrial ribosomal protein s28 (MRPS28) to better understand their role in bladder cancer pathogenesis. Our results confirmed that CENPU is up-regulated in human bladder cancer tissues at mRNA and protein levels. Gain-of-function and loss-of-function studies in T24 human urinary bladder cancer cell line revealed a hierarchical relationship between CENPU and MRPS28 in the regulation of cell viability, migration and invasion activity. CENPU expression was also up-regulated in in vivo nude mice xenograft model of bladder cancer and mice overexpressing CENPU had significantly higher tumor volume. In summary, our findings identify CENPU and MRPS28 in the molecular pathogenesis of bladder cancer and suggest that CENPU enhances the progression of bladder cancer by promoting MRPS28 expression.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872969

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer' s disease (AD) is a chronic neurodegenerative disease, which is seriously affecting people' s lives. Until now, the pathogenesis of AD is still unknown which result in its worldwide difficulties in prevention and treatment. Some studies have shown that AD might be a metabolic disease associated with glucose, lipid and energy metabolisms. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) believes that the spleen is acquired foundation and the origination of Qi and blood. The function of spleen is not only closely related to the metabolism of substance and energy, but also related to the aging of human body. In this article, we summarized and analyzed the interrelationship of metabolism, AD and spleen, as well as the effect of spleen-invigorating prescription on AD. The purpose of the paper is to analyze the possible mechanism of TCM treating AD from the perspective of regulating metabolism, explore the potential value of spleen-strengthening TCM in the treatment or prevention of AD, and provide new ideas for exploring the drug development and TCM therapy of AD.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872948

ABSTRACT

Objective::To observe the neuroprotective effect and potential mechanism of Zhenxin Shengshui Yizhi Fang(XSF) aqueous extract on human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMEC) injury induced by amyloid-β protein(Aβ)25-35. Method::HBMEC cells damage induced by Aβ25-35 was used as Alzheimer' s disease(AD) cell model. The study included control group, Aβ25-35 group, and low, medium and high-dose XSF aqueous extract groups (125, 250, 500 mg·L-1). After treatment, the cytotoxicity of different concentrations of drugs and Aβ25-35 was determined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium(MTT) colorimetry. Apoptosis was observed by Hoechst-33258 staining. The activity of Caspase-3 was detected by colorimetry. Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of the receptor of advanced glycation end products (RAGE) and low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP1). Result::Compared with the control group, the cell viability of Aβ25-35 group was significantly decreased (P<0.01). Hoechst-33258 staining showed bright blue fluorescence, chromatin condensation, dense staining or fragmentation dense staining, whitening in color, and significant increase of the percentage of apoptotic cells (P<0.01). Caspase-3 activity increased significantly (P<0.01). Western blot showed that RAGE protein expression increased significantly (P<0.01), while low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein(LRP1), glucose transporter 1(GLUT1) and GLUT3 protein expressions decreased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with the Aβ25-35 group, the cell viability of XSF aqueous extract groups was significantly increased in a dose-dependent manner. The XSF aqueous extract had a more significant protective effect of than the other groups (P<0.05). The XSF aqueous extract group (500 mg·L-1) significantly inhibited the number of apoptotic cells (P<0.01), but significantly reduced the Caspase-3 activity (P<0.01). RAGE protein expression was not significantly decreased in XSF aqueous extract group (125 mg·L-1), but significantly decreased in XSF aqueous extract group (250, 500 mg·L-1, P<0.01), while LRP1, GLUT1 and GLUT3 protein expression significantly increased (P<0.05, P<0.01) in a dose-dependent manner. Conclusion::XSF aqueous extract can attenuate the cytotoxicity of HBMEC induced by Aβ25-35 oligomer, inhibit apoptosis, decrease caspase-3 activity and RAGE protein expression, increase LRP1, GLUT1 and GLUT3 protein expressions, and reduce the abnormal accumulation and deposition of Aβ in the brain, which may be its mechanisms for prevention and treatment of AD.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828066

ABSTRACT

According to traditional Chinese medicine, "spleen transport" is closely related to the metabolism of substance and energy. Studies have shown that Alzheimer's disease(AD) is a disease related to glucose and lipid metabolism and energy metabolism. The traditional Chinese medicine Jiangpi Recipe can improve the learning ability and memory of AD animal model. Sijunzi Decoction originated from Taiping Huimin Hefang Prescription is the basic prescription for strengthening and nourishing the spleen, with the effects of nourishing Qi and strengthening the spleen. In this experiment, human brain microvascular endothelial cells(HBMEC) and Sijunzi Decoction water extract(0.25, 0.5, 1 mg·L~(-1)) were pre-incubated for 2 h, and then Aβ_(25-35) oligomers(final concentration 40 μmol·L~(-1)) was added for co-culture for 22 hours. The effect of Sijunzi Decoction on the activity of Aβ_(25-35) oligomer injured cells and the expression of related proteins were investigated. Q-TOF-LC-MS was used first for principal component analysis of Sijunzi Decoction water extract. Then MTT assay was used to investigate the effect of Sijunzi Decoction water extract on the proliferation of HBMEC cells. Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR(RT-qPCR) was employed to detect the mRNA expression of GLUT1, RAGE, and LRP1. The expression of Aβ-related proteins across blood-brain barrier(RAGE, LRP1) was detected by Western blot. The results showed that 40 μmol·L~(-1) Aβ_(25-35) oligomers could induce endothelial cell damage, reduce cell survival, increase expression of RAGE mRNA and RAGE protein, and reduce expression of GLUT1 mRNA, LRP1 mRNA, and LRP1 protein. Sijunzi Decoction water extract could reduce the Aβ_(25-35) oligomer-induced cytotoxicity of HBMEC, decrease the expression of RAGE mRNA and RAGE protein, and increase the expression of GLUT1 mRNA, LRP1 mRNA and LRP1 protein. The results indicated that Sijunzi Decoction could reduce the injury of HBMEC cells induced by Aβ_(25-35) oligomer, and regulate the transport-related proteins GLUT1, RAGE and LRP1, which might be the mechanism of regulating Aβ_(25-35) transport across the blood-brain barrier.


Subject(s)
Amyloid beta-Peptides , Animals , Blood-Brain Barrier , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Endothelial Cells , Humans
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802135

ABSTRACT

Objective: The present study was designed to investigate the modulating effect of Zhenxin Xingshui Yizhi Fang and its essential oil extract on cognitive deficits in mice.Method: For the purpose of this study 5 months old APP/PS1 double transgenic mice and wild-type C57BL/6JNju were selected as experimental animals.Then APP/PS1 double transgenic mice were randomly divided into model group,essential oil low and high-dose groups (12.13,48.50 mg·L-1),Zhenxin Xingshui Yizhi Fang group (0.46 g·kg-1).Meanwhile,wild-type C57BL/6JNju mice were used as a normal group.APP/PS1 double transgenic mice were treated with Zhenxin Xingshui Yizhi Fang and its essential oil extract for 22 consecutive days.Mice were subjected to a Morris water maze test and a platform test in order to determine their cognitive effect.Nissl's staining was used to observe pathological changes in brain tissue.Meanwhile,senile plaques (SP) were observed by employing Thioflavin-S staining.The expression of glucose transporter 1(GLUT1) and insulin receptor substrate-1(IRS-1) were analyzed using immunohistochemistry techniques.The levels of neurotransmitters such as acetylcholine (ACH),glutamate (GLU) and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the hippocampus were quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Result: The memory function was significantly reduced in model group,and severe brain injury and neuronal apoptosis were also observed in comparison to normal group (PPPPPPPConclusion: These results indicate that Zhenxin Xingshui Yizhi Fang and its essential oil extract could ameliorate cognitive deficits and GLUT1 and IRS-1 could be a possible therapeutic target for AD.It may be an interesting approach to the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773808

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of hydrogen sulfide (HS) on the negatively regulation of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and the relationship between the effect of HS with miRNA-133a-mediated Ca/calcineurin/NFATc4 signal pathway.@*METHODS@#Cardiomyocyte hypertrophy was induced by isoproterenol (ISO). The cell surface area was measured by image analysis system (Leica). The expression of brain natriuretic peptide(BNP), β-myosin heavy chain(β-MHC), cystathionase (CSE), miRNA-133a, calcineurin (CaN) were detected by qRT-PCR. The protein expressions of CaN、nuclear factors of activated T cells (NFATc4) were detected by Western blot. The concentration of HS in the cardiomyocyte was detected by Elisa. The concentration of intracellular calcium was measured by calcium imaging using confocal microscope. The nuclear translocation of NFATc4 was checked by immuno-fluorescence cell staining technique.@*RESULTS@#①The level of system of CSE/HS and expression of miRNA-133a were significantly reduced in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Pretreatment with NaHS increased the concentration of HS and the expression of miRNA-133a mRNA in cardiomyocytes, and suppressed cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. ②The concentration of intracellular calcium, the expression of CaN and nulear protein NFATc4 were significantly increased, and the nuclear translocation of NFATc4 were obviously enhanced in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. NaHS pretreatment markedly inhibited these effects of ISO induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. ③Application of antagomir-133a reversed the inhibitory effects of NaHS on cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, and increased the influx of intracellular calcium, and elevated the expression of CaN and nuclear protein NFATc4, and enhanced the nuclear translocation of NFATc4.@*CONCLUSIONS@#HS can negatively regulate cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. The effects might be associated with HS increasing expression of miRNA-133a and inhibiting inactivation of Ca/calcineurin/NFATc4 signal pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcineurin , Metabolism , Cardiomegaly , Metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Cystathionine gamma-Lyase , Metabolism , Hydrogen Sulfide , Metabolism , MicroRNAs , Metabolism , Myocytes, Cardiac , Metabolism , Myosin Heavy Chains , Metabolism , NFATC Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Metabolism , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Metabolism , Rats , Signal Transduction
8.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1736-1739, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667968

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effects of ophiopogo-nin-B (OP-B)on cell cycle and mitosis in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)H460 cells in vitro and the underlying mechanisms. Methods TUNEL immuno-histochemical assay was used to detect the change of the nuclear matter. DAPI staining was used to detect the change of the nuclear morphology and the mitosis status. Meanwhile,Western blot was performed to de-termine the protein level of the proteins regulating cell cycle and mitosis. Results OP-B significantly arres-ted cell cycle in G0 / G1 phase and inhibited the mitosis in H460 cells at the concentration of 10 μmol·L - 1 . Meanwhile,it inhibited the protein level of cyclinD1, cyclinB1,and up-regulated the expression of Myt and the phosphorylation level of Cdc2. Conclusion OP-B inhibits cell mitosis in A549 cells through Myt/ Cdc2 signaling pathway.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-255030

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of peroxisiome proliferator activated receptor-α (PPAR-α) on the regulation of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and the relationship between the effect of PPAR-α with PI3K/Akt//mTOR signal pathway.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Cardiomyocyte hypertrophy was induced by isoproterenol (ISO). The cell surface area was measured by image analysis system (Leica). The expressions of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), β-myosin heavy chain (β-MHC) and PPAR-α mRNA were detected by qRT-PCR. The protein expressions of Akt, mTOR and P70S6K were detected by Western blot. The expression of PPAR-α was suppressed by RNAi.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) The expression of PPAR-α was significantly reduced in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. PPAR-α activator Fenofibrate (Feno) increased the expression of PPAR-α and suppressed cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. The inhibitory effect of Feno on cardiomyocyte hypertrophy was reversed by PPAR-α RNAi. (2) Feno significantly inhibited the increase of the protein expressions of p-Akt, p-mTOR and p-p70S6K in ISO induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, which could be blocked by PPAR-α RNAi. (3) PI3K antagonist LY294002 (LY) or mTOR antagonist rapamycin (RAPA) markedly-inhibited cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. The inhibitory effects of LY or RAPA on cardiomyocyte hypertrophy were reversed by PPAR-α RNAi.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PPAR-α can negatively regulate cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. The effect might be associated with PPAR-α inhiting PI3K/ Akt/mTOR signal pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Atrial Natriuretic Factor , Metabolism , Cardiomegaly , Metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Fenofibrate , Pharmacology , Humans , Isoproterenol , Myocytes, Cardiac , Metabolism , Myosin Heavy Chains , Metabolism , PPAR alpha , Metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases, 70-kDa , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases , Metabolism
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244976

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to explore the effect of hyperactivation of c-Jun NH(2)-terminal protein kinase (JNK) on the proliferation of B lymphoma cells. The human B lymphoma cell lines Daudi and Raji were chosen as research objects. The expression of JNK protein was determined by Western blot. The subcellular localization of JNK protein was detected by immunofluorescence. The cell cycle was analyzed by flow cytometry. The suppressive effect of JNK inhibitor SP600125 on the proliferation of Daudi and Raji cells was assayed by ATPLite method. The results demonstrated that hyperactivation of JNK has been found in Daudi and Raji cells. Immunofluorescence confirmed the aberrant subcellular localization of JNK protein in Daudi and Raji cells. Cell cycle assay revealed that Daudi and Raji cells underwent G(2)-M arrest in the presence of SP600125. Furthermore, Daudi and Raji cells showed significant increase in sub-G(1) population, an indicator of apoptotic cells, with the treatment of JNK inhibitors. These data suggested that JNK inhibitors suppressed the growth of B lymphoma cells via cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Daudi and Raji cells treated with different concentrations of JNK selective inhibitor SP600125 showed dose-dependent reduction in the growth of Daudi and Raji cells. It is concluded that hyperactivation of JNK enhance the proliferation of Daudi and Raji cells. The aberrant subcellular localization of JNK protein may facilitate the nuclear accumulation of basal JNK activity, which made JNK to be a potential target to treat human B lymphoma.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Metabolism , Pathology
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789489

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The gut is capable of inducing multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). In the diagnosis and treatment of critical ill patients, doctors should pay particular attention to the protection or recovery of intestinal barrier function. However, no reliable diagnostic criteria are available clinically. This study aimed to assess the changes of intestinal mucosal barrier function in surgically critical ill patients as well as their significance. METHODS: Thirty-eight surgically critical ill patients were enrolled as a study group (APACHE II>8 scores), and 15 non-critical ill patients without intestinal dysfunction were selected as a control group (APACHE II<6). General information, symptoms, physical signs, and APACHE II scores of the patients were recorded. The patients in the study group were subdivided into an intestinal dysfunction group (n=26) and a non-intestinal dysfunction group (n=12). Three ml venous blood was collected from the control group on admission and the same volume of plasma was collected from the study group both on admission and in the period of recovery. The plasma concentrations of endotoxin, diamine oxidase (DAO), D-lactate, and intestinal fatty-acid binding protein (iFABP) were detected respectively. The data collected were analyzed by the SPSS 17.0 software for Windows. RESULTS: The levels of variables were significantly higher in the study group than in the control group (P<0.01). They were higher in the intestinal dysfunction group than in the non-intestinal dysfunction group (DAO P<0.05, endotoxin, D-lactate, iFABP P<0.01). In the non-intestinal dysfunction group compared with the control group, the level of endotoxin was not significant (P>0.05), but the levels of DAO, D-lactate and iFABP were statistically significant (P<0.05). The levels of variables in acute stage were higher than those in recovery stage (P<0.01).The death group showed higher levels of variables than the survival group (endotoxin and D-lactate P<0.01, DAO and iFABP P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The plasma concentrations of endotoxin, DAO, D-lactate, and intestinal fatty-acid binding protein (iFABP) could reflect a better function of the intestinal mucosa barrier in surgically critical ill patients.

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