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1.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1109-1113, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007451

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the curative effect between interactive scalp acupuncture and traditional scalp acupuncture on hemiplegic upper extremity motor dysfunction in the patients with ischemic stroke.@*METHODS@#Seventy cases of hemiplegic upper extremity motor dysfunction of ischemic stroke were randomly divided into an interactive scalp acupuncture group (35 cases, 1 case breaked off) and a traditional scalp acupuncture group (35 cases, 1 case dropped off). The patients of the two groups received the secondary prevention medication and routine rehabilitation therapy. Besides, in the interactive scalp acupuncture group, the upper extremity occupational therapy was operated during the needle retaining of scalp acupuncture; and in the traditional scalp acupuncture group, the upper extremity occupational therapy was delivered after the completion of scalp acupuncture. The same points were selected in the two groups such as Fuxiang head area, Fuxiang upper-limb-shoulder point, Fuxiang upper-limb-elbow point and Fuxiang upper-limb-wrist point. The needles were inserted perpendicularly by flying-needle technique and manipulated by triple technique of gentle twisting, heavy pressure and vibrating. The needles were retained for 30 min. Based on the degree of the upper extremity motor impairment, the regimen of the upper extremity occupational therapy was formulated individually and one treatment took 30 min. In the two groups, the therapies were delivered once daily, 5 times a week, lasting 4 weeks. Before and after treatment, the scores of Fugl-Meyer assessment of upper extremity (FMA-UE), Wolf motor function test (WMFT), the modified Barthel index (MBI) and the modified Ashworth scale (MAS) grade in the two groups were observed before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the scores of FMA-UE, WMFT and MBI were higher than those before treatment (P<0.01), and MAS grade was improved (P<0.05) in the two groups. The scores of FMA-UE, WMFT and MBI in the interactive scalp acupuncture group were higher than those in the traditional scalp acupuncture group (P<0.01, P<0.05), and there was no statistical significance in the difference of MAS grade between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The interactive scalp acupuncture can effectively improve the motor function of the hemiplegic upper extremities and the activities of daily living in the patients with ischemic stroke and its efficacy is better than traditional scalp acupuncture. But these two types of scalp acupuncture obtain the similar effect on spasticity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stroke/therapy , Ischemic Stroke/complications , Stroke Rehabilitation , Activities of Daily Living , Hemiplegia/therapy , Scalp , Treatment Outcome , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Upper Extremity
2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 74-81, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969808

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of different medical treatment in advanced or unresectable angiosarcoma. Methods: This study was a single-center retrospective clinical study. Fifty-five advanced or unresectable angiosarcoma patients treated in Sun-Yat Sen University Cancer Center from January 2005 to August 2020 were enrolled. There were 34 patients who received first-line doxorubicin-based chemotherapy (doxorubicin group), 12 patients received first-line doxorubicin or liposome doxorubicin plus paclitaxel or albumin bound paclitaxel chemotherapy (combination therapy group), and 4 patients received first-line paclitaxel-based treatment (paclitaxel group). There were 6 patients who received anti-angiogenesis targeted therapy, another 2 patients received anti-PD-1 antibody plus anti-angiogenesis targeted therapy. Targeted therapy and immunotherapy plus targeted therapy included 5 cases of first-line therapy and 3 cases of second-line therapy. The therapeutic effect was evaluated by RECIST 1.1 standard. The adverse reactions were evaluated by CTCAE4.0 standard. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was evaluated with Log rank test. Cox proportional hazard model was used to analyze the influencing factors. Results: There were 18 patients achieved partial response (PR) in 34 patients in the doxorubicin group, median progression-free survival (mPFS) was 4.5 months, and median overall survival (mOS) was 15 months. Four patients achieved PR in 12 patients in the combination therapy group, mPFS and mOS were 4 months and 19 months. Two patients achieved PR in 4 patients in the paclitaxel group, mPFS and mOS were 3 months and 9 months. However, only 1 in 6 patients achieved PR for anti-angiogenesis targeted therapy, mPFS and mOS were 3 months and 16 months. Two patients who received anti-PD-1 immunotherapy combined with anti-angiogenesis targeted therapy acquired PR for 17 months and more than 16 months. Median PFS (7.5 months) were longer in those with primary liver, lung and spleen angiosarcoma than in those with other primary site (3.0 months, P=0.028). The mOS (20 months) was longer in females than that in males (12 months, P=0.045). Primary tumor site, sex, age and treatment were not independent prognostic factors for angiosarcoma patients (P>0.05). Grade 3-4 cardiac toxicity was found in 2 patients in the combination therapy group. Conclusions: Doxorubicin-based and paclitaxel-based chemotherapy are the most important treatment for advanced angiosarcoma. Potential efficacy for targeted therapy combined with anti-PD-1 immunotherapy are showed in some patients with long duration of response and moderate adverse event.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Hemangiosarcoma , Retrospective Studies , Paclitaxel/adverse effects , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3287-3293, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981466

ABSTRACT

This paper aimed to study the chemical constituents from the root bark of Schisandra sphenanthera. Silica, Sephadex LH-20 and RP-HPLC were used to separate and purify the 80% ethanol extract of S. sphenanthera. Eleven compounds were identified by ~1H-NMR, ~(13)C-NMR, ESI-MS, etc., which were 2-[2-hydroxy-5-(3-hydroxypropyl)-3-methoxyphenyl]-propane-1,3-diol(1), threo-7-methoxyguaiacylglycerol(2),4-O-(2-hydroxy-1-hydroxymethylethyl)-dihydroconiferylalcohol(3), morusin(4), sanggenol A(5), sanggenon I(6), sanggenon N(7), leachianone G(8),(+)-catechin(9), epicatechin(10), and 7,4'-dimethoxyisoflavone(11). Among them, compound 1 was a new compound, and compounds 2-9 were isolated from S. sphenanthera for the first time. Compounds 2-11 were subjected to cell viability assay, and the results revealed that compounds 4 and 5 had potential cytotoxicity, and compound 4 also had potential antiviral activity.


Subject(s)
Schisandra , Plant Bark , Antiviral Agents , Biological Assay , Catechin , Phenols
4.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 42-48, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970950

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the demographic characteristics and clinical influencing factors which associates with the occurrence probability of persistent or intermittent hypoviremia (LLV) in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) treated with nucleos(t)ide analogues (NAs). Methods: A single-center retrospective analysis was performed on patients with CHB who received outpatient NAs therapy for≥48 ± 2 weeks. According to the serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA load at 48±2 weeks treatment, the study groups were divided into LLV (HBV DNA < 20 IU/ml and < 2 000 IU/ml) and MVR group (sustained virological response, HBV DNA < 20 IU/ml). Demographic characteristics and clinical data at the start of NAs treatment (considered as baseline) were retrospectively collected for both patient groups. The differences in the reduction of HBV DNA load during treatment was compared between the two groups. Correlation and multivariate analysis were further conducted to analyze the associated factors influencing the LLV occurrence. Statistical analysis was performed using the independent samples t-test, c2 test, Spearman analysis, multivariate logistic regression analysis, or area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. Results: A total of 509 cases were enrolled, with 189 and 320 in the LLV and MVR groups, respectively. Compared to patients with MVR group at baseline: (1) the demographics characteristics of patients showed that LLV group was younger in age (39.1 years, P = 0.027), had a stronger family history (60.3%, P = 0.001), 61.9% received ETV treatment, and higher proportion of compensated cirrhosis (20.6%, P = 0.025) at baseline; (2) the serum virological characteristics of patients showed that LLV group had higher HBV DNA load, qHBsAg level, qHBeAg level, HBeAg positive rate, and the proportion of genotype C HBV infection but decreased HBV DNA during treatment (P < 0.001) at baseline; (3) the biochemical characteristics of patients showed that LLV group had lower serum ALT levels (P = 0.007) at baseline; (4) the noninvasive fibrosis markers of patients showed that LLV group were characterized by high aspartate aminotransferase platelet ratio index (APRI) (P = 0.02) and FIB-4 (P = 0.027) at baseline. HBV DNA, qHBsAg and qHBeAg were positively correlated with LLV occurrence (r = 0.559, 0.344, 0.435, respectively), while age and HBV DNA reduction were negatively correlated (r = -0.098, -0.876, respectively). Logistic regression analysis showed that ETV treatment history, high HBV DNA load at baseline, high qHBsAg level, high qHBeAg level, HBeAg positive, low ALT and HBV DNA level were independent risk factors for patients with CHB who developed LLV with NAs treatment. Multivariate prediction model had a good predictive value for LLV occurrence [AUC 0.922 (95%CI: 0.897 ~ 0.946)]. Conclusion: In this study, 37.1% of CHB patients treated with first-line NAs has LLV. The formation of LLV is influenced by various factors. HBeAg positivity, genotype C HBV infection, high baseline HBV DNA load, high qHBsAg level, high qHBeAg level, high APRI or FIB-4 value, low baseline ALT level, reduced HBV DNA during treatment, concomitant family history, metabolic liver disease history, and age < 40 years old are potential risk factors for developing LLV in patients with CHB during the therapeutic process.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Hepatitis B, Chronic/complications , Retrospective Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hepatitis B e Antigens , DNA, Viral , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Demography
5.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 62-67, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935104

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOAC) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Methods: This study was a prospective cohort study. The data of this study were based on the Chinese Atrial Fibrillation Registry (CAFR) Study, which was a prospective, multicenter registry study. The CAFR Study enrolled inpatients and outpatients with AF from 31 hospitals. Patients with AF and HCM were selected from August 2011 to December 2018. The patients were divided into NOAC-treated group and warfarin-treated group. General clinical data, echocardiographic results and treatment options were collected and compared between the two groups. Patients were followed up every 6 months; outcome events included effective endpoint events(thromboembolism)and safety endpoint events(major bleeding). The incidence of endpoint events in both groups was calculated and compared. Cox proportional hazards regression models and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis were performed to determine the association between NOAC use and endpoint events. Results: A total of 393 patients were included (average age: (60.5±11.8) years, 252 men (64.1%)). There were 133 (34.0%) patients in the NOAC-treated group and 260 (66.0%) patients in the warfarin-treated group. Compared with the warfarin-treated group, the patients in the NOAC-treated group had a higher proportion of paroxysmal AF, catheter ablation of AF, a lower proportion of hypertension, ischemic stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA), lower heart rate, lower usage rate of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors(ACEI)/angiotensin receptor blockers(ARB), β-blockers, non-dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers(NDH-CCB)(P<0.05). There were no significant differences on the echocardiographic results, including interventricular septal thickness, left ventricular posterior wall thickness, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, left atrial diameter, left ventricular ejection fraction(P>0.05). After a follow-up of 42 (24, 60)months, the incidence rates of thromboembolism were 1.63 and 2.10 events per 100 person-years for NOAC-and warfarin-treated group, and those of major bleeding were 0.66 and 1.03 events per 100 person-years. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed survival rates free from endpoint events were similar between NOAC-treated group and warfarin-treated group(thromboembolism-free survival comparison, P=0.476; major bleeding-free survival comparison, P=0.855). Cox multivariate regression analysis revealed that there was no significant difference on risk of thromboembolism(HR=1.21, 95%CI: 0.42-3.50, P=0.720) and major bleeding(HR=1.50, 95%CI: 0.27-8.41, P=0.642) between NOAC-treated and warfarin-treated group. Conclusion: Patients with AF and HCM can be safely and effectively treated with NOAC.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Administration, Oral , Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists/therapeutic use , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Atrial Fibrillation/drug therapy , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Stroke , Stroke Volume , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Function, Left
6.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 246-254, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927600

ABSTRACT

Steroid receptor coactivators (SRCs) significantly increase the transcriptional activity of various steroid hormone receptors, and play an important regulatory role in a variety of physiological functions such as food intake, sleep, stress response and reproduction. Previous studies have found that pregnant mice carrying fetuses with SRC1/2 double-knockout (dKO) manifested delayed labor, partly due to the hypoplasia of fetal lungs and the decreased secretion of pulmonary surfactant protein-A (SP-A) and platelet activating factor (PAF). However, there is still a lack of systematic analysis of the changes in gene expression at the whole transcriptome level in the fetal lungs of SRC1/2 dKO mice. In this study, the SRC1KO, SRC2KO, SRC1/2 dKO and wild-type (WT) mouse fetal lung samples were collected at 18.5 days post coitus. The Illumina platform was employed for transcriptome mRNA sequencing, and then the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were annotated and analyzed by GO and KEGG analysis. The results showed that the proportion of quality score of the sequencing data above Q30 in all samples was more than 92% and passed the quality control. Compared with WT fetal lungs, SRC1KO and SRC2KO fetal lungs had 61 and 32 DEGs, respectively; SRC1/2 dKO fetal lungs had 480, 11 and 901 DEGs compared with WT, SRC1KO and SRC2KO fetal lungs, respectively. Among these genes, Aspg, Crispld2, Eln, Ntsr2, Slc10a6 and Vgll3 were the unique DEGs of SRC1/2 dKO fetal lungs compared with other genotype mice. Real-time PCR and Western blotting verified the reliability of transcriptome sequencing results. The GO analysis of the DEGs between SRC1/2 dKO and WT mouse fetal lungs showed that the DEGs were significantly enriched in the extracellular space, extracellular region, and extracellular matrix in terms of cellular component. In the biological process, they were significantly enriched in the term of development of multiple organs. KEGG pathway analysis showed that the DEGs were mainly enriched in signaling pathways such as the complement system, extracellular matrix-receptor interactions, and protein digestion and absorption. In summary, this study comprehensively revealed the changes of gene expression in the fetal lungs of SRC1/2 dKO mice at the transcriptome level, which provides a new theoretical basis for the study of the developmental regulatory mechanism of the fetal lung during pregnancy, and the fetus-derived signals that affect the initiation of labor.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Pregnancy , Gene Expression Profiling , Lung/physiology , Mice, Knockout , Reproducibility of Results , Transcriptome
7.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 467-471, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879464

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effects of minimally invasive osteotomy and manual reduction in treating hallux valgus.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to May 2019, 31 patients (42 feet) with hallux valgus were treated with minimally invasive osteotomy and manual reduction, including 3 males and 28 females aged from 18 to 76 years old with an average of (50.1± 4.9) years old. Preoperative and postoperative hallux valgus (HVA), intermetatarsal angles(IMA), length difference between 1 and 2 metatarsals were recorded and compared, and American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS)score were observed and measured.@*RESULTS@#Thirty-one patients (42 feet) were followed up from 14 to 18 months with an average of (15.1± 1.2) months. HVA, IM before operation were (38.5±5.4)°, (13.0± 1.1)°, and improved to (14.3±4.7)°and (9.1±1.5)°after operation respectively(@*CONCLUSION@#Minimally invasive osteotomy and manual reduction in treating hallux valgus have advantages of shorter operation time, less length of incision, and could correct hallux valgus deformity, improve front feet and receive good clinical effect in further.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Hallux Valgus/surgery , Metatarsal Bones/surgery , Osteotomy , Radiography , Treatment Outcome
8.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 1138-1144, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015869

ABSTRACT

Brain activity requires the regulation of excitatory and inhibitory neurons. GABAergic interneurons are considered to prevent hyperexcitability in brain. Severe GABAergic deficits have been proved to cause pathological hyperexcitability. Most cortical interneurons originate from the ventral telencephalon and then undergo a long tangential migration to the cortex, followed by radial migration into developing cortical plate. Among them, tangential migration is considered to be the main migration manner of interneurons. The process is rather complex but also precise. With the deepening research on the tangential migration of cortical neurons, many molecules have been proved to play important roles in the process of migration. In this review, we mainly describe the migration path and migration manner of interneurons, and its underlying mechanism in two aspects. On the one hand, neurotrophins such as BDNF, NT-4, GDNF, HGF and neurotransmitters such as GABA, Glu, DA can enhance the motility of interneurons. On the other hand, several protein families as well as proteoglycans, such as Ephrin, Sema and Nrg, can bind to membrane-bound or secreted guidance cues of interneurons, providing direction clues for neuronal migration. In this review, we discussed the tangential migration of interneurons in mice, in order to provide novel insights into the regulatory molecular mechanisms of cerebral cortical development and help to develop new targets against defects in neural developments.

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 17-24, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781612

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Blood glucose control is closely related to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) prognosis. This multicenter study aimed to investigate blood glucose control among patients with insulin-treated T2DM in North China and explore the application value of combining an elastic network (EN) with a machine-learning algorithm to predict glycemic control.@*METHODS@#Basic information, biochemical indices, and diabetes-related data were collected via questionnaire from 2787 consecutive participants recruited from 27 centers in six cities between January 2016 and December 2017. An EN regression was used to address variable collinearity. Then, three common machine learning algorithms (random forest [RF], support vector machine [SVM], and back propagation artificial neural network [BP-ANN]) were used to simulate and predict blood glucose status. Additionally, a stepwise logistic regression was performed to compare the machine learning models.@*RESULTS@#The well-controlled blood glucose rate was 45.82% in North China. The multivariable analysis found that hypertension history, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease history, exercise, and total cholesterol were protective factors in glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) control, while central adiposity, family history, T2DM duration, complications, insulin dose, blood pressure, and hypertension were risk factors for elevated HbA1c. Before the dimensional reduction in the EN, the areas under the curve of RF, SVM, and BP were 0.73, 0.61, and 0.70, respectively, while these figures increased to 0.75, 0.72, and 0.72, respectively, after dimensional reduction. Moreover, the EN and machine learning models had higher sensitivity and accuracy than the logistic regression models (the sensitivity and accuracy of logistic were 0.52 and 0.56; RF: 0.79, 0.70; SVM: 0.84, 0.73; BP-ANN: 0.78, 0.73, respectively).@*CONCLUSIONS@#More than half of T2DM patients in North China had poor glycemic control and were at a higher risk of developing diabetic complications. The EN and machine learning algorithms are alternative choices, in addition to the traditional logistic model, for building predictive models of blood glucose control in patients with T2DM.

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1688-1695, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827923

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Zinc finger and BTB domain-containing protein 46 (Zbtb46) is a transcription factor identified in classical dendritic cells, and maintains dendritic cell quiescence in a steady state. Zbtb46 has been reported to be a negative indicator of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We found that Zbtb46 was expressed at a relatively higher level in hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) compared to mature cells, and higher in AML cells compared to normal bone marrow (BM) cells. However, the role of Zbtb46 in HSPCs and AML cells remains unclear. Therefore, we sought to elucidate the effect of Zbtb46 in normal hematopoiesis and AML cells.@*METHODS@#We generated Zbtb46 and Zbtb46Mx1-Cre mice. The deletion of Zbtb46 in Zbtb46Mx1-Cre mice was induced by intraperitoneal injection of double-stranded poly (I). poly (C) (poly(I:C)), and referred as Zbtb46 cKO. After confirming the deletion of Zbtb46, the frequency and numbers of HSPCs and mature blood cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. Serial intraperitoneal injection of 5-fluorouracil was administrated to determine the repopulation ability of HSCs from Zbtb46 and Zbtb46 cKO mice. The correlation between Zbtb46 expression and prognosis was analyzed using the data from the Cancer Genome Atlas. To investigate the role of Zbtb46 in AML cells, we knocked down the expression of Zbtb46 in THP-1 cells using lentiviral vectors expressing small hairpin RNAs targeting Zbtb46. Cell proliferation rate was determined by cell count assay. Cell apoptosis and bromodeoxyuridine incorporation were determined by flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#The percentages and absolute numbers of HSPCs and mature blood cells were comparable in Zbtb46 cKO mice and its Zbtb46 littermates (Zbtb46vs. Zbtb46 cKO, HPC: 801,310 ± 84,282 vs. 907,202 ± 97,403, t = 0.82, P = 0.46; LSK: 86,895 ± 7802 vs. 102,210 ± 5025, t = 1.65, P = 0.17; HSC: 19,753 ± 3116 vs. 17,608 ± 3508, t = 0.46, P = 0.67). The repopulation ability of HSCs from Zbtb46Mx1-Cre mice was similar to those from Zbtb46 control (P = 0.26). Zbtb46 had elevated expression in AML cells compared to total BM cells from normal control. Knockdown of Zbtb46 in THP-1 cells led to a significant increase in cell apoptosis and reduced cell growth and proliferation.@*CONCLUSION@#Collectively, our data indicate that Zbtb46 is essential for survival and proliferation of AML cells, but dispensable for normal hematopoiesis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 197-201, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827818

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects of leptin on glucose metabolism and related inflammatory factors in diabetic rats. Methods: Ten healthy male Wistar rats were randomly selected as the control group. Fifty rats were fed with high sugar and high fat diet and injected with streptozotocin (STZ, 25 mg/kg) intraperitoneally. They were randomly divided into model group, leptin low, middle and high dose group. The rats in the low, middle and high dose group were fed with leptin at the doses of 20, 50 and 100 μg/kg for 5 d respectively. Blood glucose (FBG) was measured by GOD-PAP method, insulin content (INS) was tested by radioimmunoassay, the serum levels of triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) and high density lipoprotein (HDL-C) were determined by automatic biochemical analyzer, the contents of malondialdehyde (MDA), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Western blot was used to detect the expression of leptin in adipose tissue of diabetic rats. Compared with the control group, the blood glucose levels of other groups were increased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the blood glucose levels of middle and high dose leptin rats decreased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01). The insulin level of high dose leptin group decreased significantly (P<0.01). There was no significant difference in FBG and INS among the three groups (P>0.05). Compared with the model group, TC levels of middle and high dose leptin group were decreased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01). TG and LDL-C levels of high dose leptin group were decreased significantly (P<0.05), HDL-C level of high dose group was increased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with different dose groups, the high dose of leptin (100 μg/kg) could decrease the levels of TC, TG and LDL-C, and increase the level of HDL-C, which was better than those of the middle and low dose of leptin (P<0.05) Compared with the model group (52.27±10.93), the levels of leptin in low, middle and high dose group were (47.35±12.09), (44.68±10.23) and (40.13±9.87) respectively, which could be decreased by leptin in a dose-dependent manner. The abnormal secretion of leptin is one of the factors inducing diabetes mellitus. Under the intervention of a certain concentration of exogenous leptin (100 μg/kg), it can significantly reduce the level of MDA, TNF-α, and improve the level of IL-6. The mechanism may be closely related to the reduction of inflammatory response, oxidative stress and correction of dyslipidemia. Leptin also reduces the risk of disease progression in diabetes treatment.

12.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 767-771, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985173

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss a new coding method for individual identification based on oral panoramic tomography, analyze the diversity of different coding modules in nonhomologous images and the consistency and the matching rate of the coding indexes of different coding modules in homologous images, and evaluate the application value of the different modules and the new coding method in individual identification. Methods The oral panoramic tomography images of 1 000 patients with permanent teeth were collected retrospectively. Each patient had two images taken at different times (called the Early database and the Late database according to the chronological order). Each image was coded according to the designed coding method. A computer program was designed to compare the diversity of different modules, and calculate the diversity and consistency of different coding modules as well as the matching rate of the coding indexes. Results The diversity of the 4 modules that reflected teeth characteristics was much higher than that of other modules in the same database. The highest diversity was noticed in the module of right mandibular teeth in samples of both databases. The coding consistencies of the 4 modules were all above 50%. Besides, 90.2% of the matching rates of indexes of homologous images were over 80%. Conclusion The 4 modules have higher application value in individual identification, especially the right mandibular teeth. The coding method has a certain value in forensic individual identification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Forensic Dentistry , Forensic Medicine , Radiography, Panoramic , Retrospective Studies , Tooth/diagnostic imaging
13.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 379-378, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985130

ABSTRACT

Schizophrenia is a common disease characterized by thinking obstructions and accompanied by cognitive, emotional and behavioral disorders. Under the control of psychiatric symptoms, patients with schizophrenia may self-injure or impulsively wound others, resulting in public risk and increase in the burden of family and society. In recent years, many studies have shown that the violent behavior of patients with schizophrenia is related to genetic factors. This article reviews the research progress on the relationship between genetic polymorphism and violent behavior of patients with schizophrenia, analyzes the possible mechanism of the correlation between the two, puts forward the limitations of current research and the directions of future research, and provides scientific basis for risk assessment and prevention of violent behavior of patients with schizophrenia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aggression , Polymorphism, Genetic , Risk Assessment , Schizophrenia/genetics , Schizophrenic Psychology , Violence
14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1973-1978, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781509

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the efficacy and safety of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in the treatment of relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma(PTCL).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 6 patients with relapsed or refractory PTCL undergoing allo-HSCT from Sep. 2014 to Sep. 2018 in the department of hematology, aerospace center hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Complications and disease-free survival after HSCT were observed.@*RESULTS@#All the patients could well tolerate the conditioning regimen and acquired hematopoietic recon-struction. Following up till December 2018, with a median time of 11.5 months (1-51); acute GVHD developed in 2 cases and chronic GVHD developed in 5 cases, Among 6 cases one case died of viral pheumonia and the other 5 patients remained disease-free survival. The longest disease-free survival time has reached 51 months.@*CONCLUSION@#allo-HSCT is a safe and effective method for relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma, which can be chosen as salvage treatment method for patients with primary resistance. Optimization of the conditioning regimen may result in better efficacy of allo-HSCT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral , Therapeutics , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Conditioning , Transplantation, Homologous
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2315-2324, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774621

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Nucleos(t)ide analog (NA) in combination with peginterferon (PegIFN) therapy in patients with hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) shows better effectiveness than NA monotherapy in hepatitis B surface antigen loss, termed "functional cure," based on previous published studies. However, it is not known which strategy is more cost-effective on functional cure. The aim of this study was to analyze the cost-effectiveness of first-line monotherapies and combination strategies in HBeAg-positive CHB patients in China from a social perspective.@*METHODS@#A Markov model was developed with functional cure and other five states including CHB, compensated cirrhosis, decompensated cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and death to assess the cost-effectiveness of seven representative treatment strategies. Entecavir (ETV) monotherapy and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) monotherapy served as comparators, respectively.@*RESULTS@#In the two base-case analysis, compared with ETV, ETV generated the highest costs with $44,210 and the highest quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) with 16.78 years. Compared with TDF, treating CHB patients with ETV and NA - PegIFN strategies increased costs by $7639 and $6129, respectively, gaining incremental QALYs by 2.20 years and 1.66 years, respectively. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratios were $3472/QALY and $3692/QALY, respectively, which were less than one-time gross domestic product per capita. One-way sensitivity analysis and probabilistic sensitivity analyses showed the robustness of the results.@*CONCLUSION@#Among seven treatment strategies, first-line NA monotherapy may be more cost-effective than combination strategies in HBeAg-positive CHB patients in China.

16.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 822-827, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857233

ABSTRACT

Aim: To establish ARE dual-luciferase reporter assay system and used it to identify the antioxidant substance of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi. Methods: 293T cells were transiently co-transfected with ARE luciferase reporter plasmid PGL 4. 37 and sea kidney luciferase reporter plasmid PRL-TK. Three major active ingredients of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi such as scutellarin, baicalein, baicalin and/or estrogen receptor (ER) specific inhibitor were added to Nrf2-ARE luciferase reporter assay system to detect whether they exerted antioxidant effect through the estrogen receptor affecting the Nrf2-ARE signaling pathway. Results: Baicalin (100 μmol · L-1) could obviously activate Nrf2-ARE pathway in 293T cells, and the induced expression was(1. 56 ±0. 01) times that of blank group (P < 0. 01). After pre-administration of ER specific inhibitor, the induced expression decreased to (1. 02 ±0. 23) times, and the antioxidant effect disappeared. After pre-administration of ER and Nrf2-ARE pathway specific inhibitor respectively, ROS in HaCaT cells injured by UVB significantly increased and and SOD was markedly down-regulated by baicalin. Conclusion Baicalin plays antioxidant activity through mediating Nrf2-ARE signaling pathway based on estrogen receptor.

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2315-2324, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803002

ABSTRACT

Background@#Nucleos(t)ide analog (NA) in combination with peginterferon (PegIFN) therapy in patients with hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) shows better effectiveness than NA monotherapy in hepatitis B surface antigen loss, termed "functional cure," based on previous published studies. However, it is not known which strategy is more cost-effective on functional cure. The aim of this study was to analyze the cost-effectiveness of first-line monotherapies and combination strategies in HBeAg-positive CHB patients in China from a social perspective.@*Methods@#A Markov model was developed with functional cure and other five states including CHB, compensated cirrhosis, decompensated cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and death to assess the cost-effectiveness of seven representative treatment strategies. Entecavir (ETV) monotherapy and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) monotherapy served as comparators, respectively.@*Results@#In the two base-case analysis, compared with ETV, ETV generated the highest costs with $44,210 and the highest quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) with 16.78 years. Compared with TDF, treating CHB patients with ETV and NA - PegIFN strategies increased costs by $7639 and $6129, respectively, gaining incremental QALYs by 2.20 years and 1.66 years, respectively. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratios were $3472/QALY and $3692/QALY, respectively, which were less than one-time gross domestic product per capita. One-way sensitivity analysis and probabilistic sensitivity analyses showed the robustness of the results.@*Conclusion@#Among seven treatment strategies, first-line NA monotherapy may be more cost-effective than combination strategies in HBeAg-positive CHB patients in China.

18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1336-1342, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689934

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyse the clinical characteristics and therapeutic efticacy of patients with mantle cell lymphoma(MCL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data including cliniced parameters and laboratorial test results of 54 patients with MCL were collected and restrospectively analyzed to clarity the clinical characteristics of MCL and to evaluate the survival and factors affecting prgnosis of patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The incidence of MCL accounted for 4.0% of NHL in our center. The median age of MCL patients was 63 years old, the male and female ratio was 1.4∶1. The MCL patients inⅢ-Ⅳ stage accounted for 96.3%; the extranodal organ involvement existed in 98.1% patients, the most common extranodal involvement sites were bone marrow(72.2%), spleen(51.9%), gastrointestinal tract(25.9%). The overall response rate(ORR) was 66.7%, among which the complete remisson (CR) rate was 37.1%, 3 year and 5 year-progression free survival rate was 52.7% and 34.7% respectively, 3 year and 5 year overall survival rate was 60.4% and 49.6% respectively. The therapeutic efficacy in chemotherapy combined with cytarabine group was suprior to that in chemotherapy group without cyteratine, the chemotherapy comtined with auto-HSCT could further improve the prognosis of patients. The unvariatc analysis showed that the KI67 level, B sgmptom, liver function, LDH and C-RP levels, initial therapeutic efficacy, high dose cytarabine regimen, auto-HSCT and relapse-refractroy status were prognosis-related factors; the multi-variate analysis showed that the initial therapeutic efficacy and relapse rcfractory stasus were independent prognostic risk factors. Analysis showed that the surival of patients stratified according to MIPI and MIPI-c indexes was significantly different from that stratified by IPI index.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The MCL patients commonly complicated by extranodal involvement and have poor prognoss. Using the chenotherapy regimen combined with high doge of cytarabine as induction therapy and auto-HSCT as consotidatory therapy shows the significont efficacy for survival of young patients with MCL. The MIPI and MIPIc indexe are more much suitable for prognosis evaluation of MCL patients.The initial therapeuntic efficacy and relapse-refractrong status are the independant prognosis-related factors.</p>

19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1658-1665, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688062

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Infectious endophthalmitis is a severe ocular inflammation which can cause devastating visual loss. The aim of the study was to identify the demographic and clinical features of infectious endophthalmitis in Western China for better prophylaxis and treatment of this disease.</p><p><b>Methods</b>A.</p><p><b></b>retrospective, cross-sectional study was conducted based on the medical records of inpatients having infectious endophthalmitis in a tertiary referral center in Western China between 2005 and 2016.</p><p><b>Results</b>The common cause of infectious endophthalmitis was trauma (82.6%), endogenous (7.8%), ophthalmic surgery (6.9%), and corneal ulcer with perforation (2.7%). These four etiological groups differed in age, gender, enucleation rate, visual outcome, etc. The number of cases in the first 6 years accounted for 38.7% of the total collection, which in the second 6 years accounted for 61.3%. The etiology patterns were different between these two periods. Altogether 51.3% of patients received pars plana vitrectomy, 13.9% of patients underwent evisceration, and the remaining 34.8% received other treatments. Of the 670 cases that had culture results, 266 (39.7%) were culture positive and 177 (66.5%) were Gram-positive organisms, 64 (24.1%) were Gram-negative organisms, 11 (4.1%) had fungal infection, and 14 (5.3%) were infected by multiple pathogens.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>There was an upward trend of the occurrence of infectious endophthalmitis in Western China for the past decade. The demographic and clinical characteristics of infectious endophthalmitis in Western China had its own characteristics and differed from those of developed countries. Here, open globe trauma was the most common cause of endophthalmitis, most traumatic endophthalmitis patients were male, and most of the injuries were work related, implicate that we should strengthen the education and application of ocular safety regulation specifically targeting the workplace.</p>

20.
Recent Advances in Ophthalmology ; (6): 519-522, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699658

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct the eukaryotic expression vector of LDHA with Flag label and detect its effects on the growth of human choroidal melanoma (CM) MUM-2B cells.Methods CM cells line MUM-2B subcultured by the Military Academy of Sciences were divided into two groups:experimental group and control group.The experimental group was transiently transfected with Flag-LDHA plasmid,and the control group was transiently transfected with Flag plasmid.Using the Flag-LDHA with GST label as a template,the LDHA gene was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR),which then was inserted into eukaryotic expression vector of Flag,and the recombinant plasmid Flag-LDHA was identified by bacterial liquid PCR,double enzyme digestion and sequencing,both which were transiently transfected into human CM MUM-2B cells after successful identification,and finally,its expression was determined by Western blot.The biology behaviors of melanoma cell line MUM-2B transfected with Flag-LDHA and Flag plasmid were analyzed by counting Kit-8 (CCK8) assays.Results The coding region sequence of LDHA gene of approximately 1000 bp was harvested from PCR amplification,which was successfully cloned into the Flag vector.Compared with the control group,the PCR result of the bacterial liquid in the experimental group was positive.The double enzyme digestion results showed that eukaryotic expression vector of Flag with a length of about 4000 bp Flag vector and a 1000 bp LDHA gene band.And the sequencing results indicated that the inserted sequence was completely in consonance with the coding sequence of the LDHA gene.Western blot results showed the successful expression of recombinant plasmid Flag-LDHA in MUM-2B melanoma cells.CCK8 assays demonstrated that Flag-LDHA recombinant plasmid could promote the growth of melanoma cell line MUM-2B.Conclusion The eukaryotic expression vector of Flag-LDHA was successfully constructed,which can promote the growth of melanoma cell line MUM-2B.This will lay the foundation for studying the function of LDHA in the initiation and progression of human CM.

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