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International Eye Science ; (12): 488-493, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964254


AIM: To evaluate the changes of retinal microvascular density in patients with sellar region tumor, and its correlation with the damage to visual field, and to explore its application value in evaluating optic nerve injury of those patients.METHODS: Cross-sectional study. A total of 157 patients(292 eyes)with sellar region tumor, including 82 cases(152 eyes)of pituitary adenoma and 75 cases(140 eyes)of craniopharyngioma, were selected from neurosurgery department and ophthalmology department of Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University between October 2018 and May 2022. A total of 90 people(180 eyes)during the same period, including the family members of patients, students and staff in Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University were collected as control group. All participants underwent optical coherence tomography angiography(OCTA)examination. The changes of retinal microvascular density and its correlation with visual field parameters were compared between the two groups.RESULTS: In patients with sellar region tumor, the radial peripapillary capillary(RPC)and superficial retinal capillary plexus(SRCP)density were significantly lower than that in the control group [50.81%(46.49%, 53.49%)vs. 52.78%(50.73%, 54.51%)and 50.57%(48.13%, 52.73%)vs. 51.63%(49.78%, 53.02%), all P<0.05]. The RPC density in the craniopharyngioma group was lower than that in the pituitary adenoma group [49.71%(44.33%, 53.14%)vs. 51.37%(47.42%, 53.95%), P<0.05]. The MD, PSD and VFI of the sellar region tumor group were -4.33(-12.22, -1.85)dB, 3.37(1.91, 8.82)dB and 92%(65%, 97%)respectively. RPC density of patients with sellar region tumor was positively correlated with MD and VFI, and was negatively correlated with PSD. The SRCP density of each quadrant was positively correlated with MD, and was positively correlated with VFI except Para-T and it was negatively correlated with PSD(all P<0.05).CONCLUSION: Retinal microvascular changes were present in patients with sellar region tumor. Lower vessel density indicates more severe damage to visual field. In the clinic, visual field examinations combined with OCTA were helpful to find the optic nerve injury of patients.

International Eye Science ; (12): 1511-1514, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637893


Abstract? AIM: To analyze the ocular manifestations of meningiomas in the trigone of the lateral ventricle, discuss the relevant factors of visual impairment in these patients and things need attention clinically.?METHODS:Retrospectively study on the clinical data of 90 eyes in 45 patients diagnosed of trigonal meningiomas treated at Beijing Tian Tan Hospital from October 2011 to October 2015.Preoperative examinations including visual acuity, optic disc findings, visual field, size of tumors and other change in MRI were analyzed.?RESULTS: Patients'age was 12-68 years old ( mean 41.7 ±13.7 years ). Male/female ratio was 1 ∶4.6. Decreased visual acuity occurred in 18 eyes.Optic disc edema was found in 24 eyes and optic disc pale in 6 eyes. Fourty -seven eyes had visual field defect, mostly homonymous hemianopia or defect. The maximum diameter of tumors was 2.1-9.6cm (4.8±1.7cm).Range of tumor volume was 3.02-193.2cm3(48.3±47.8cm3).A positive correlation of preoperative visual field defect was found with tumor volume, tumor maximum diameter, and brain midline shift respectively. While the preoperative visual field defect was not found any correlation with age, gender, course, and the enlargement of the ventricle and the edema of the tissue around the tumors. After Mann-Whitney U test, the differences on tumor volume, the maximum diameter of tumors, and brain midline shift between the two groups were significant.? CONCLUSION: Patients with trigonal meningiomas often have ocular signs and symptoms.The major reason of visual field defect is the damage of optic radiation around the tumor.The specific position of injured optic radiation determines the type and extent of visual field defect.Both ophthalmologist and neurosurgeon should pay attention to tumors nearby posterior visual pathway. Doing neurophthalmology examinations for these patients and realizing the position between the tumor and posterior visual pathway will be helpful and necessary in surgical planning.

International Eye Science ; (12): 1253-1257, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637793


AIM:To evaluate the optic nerve and axon impairment of relapsing - remitting multiple sclerosis ( RRMS) and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders ( NMOSD ) via detecting the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) and the ganglion cell complex( GCC) thickness by optic coherence tomography(OCT). METHODS: Retrospective case control study. Two hundred three cases were collected from August 2014 to January 2016 in Beijing Tian Tan Hospital. They were divided into four groups, including the normal group (n=60), the RRMS group ( n = 60 ), the NMOSD anti -aquaporin- 4 autoantibody seropositive( NMOSD- AQP4 -Ab seropositive) group (n= 48), and the NMOSD-AQP4-Abseronegative group (n = 35). All people were detected for the average and four quadrants ( superior, inferior, nasal, temporal) of pRNFL thickness and the average and two quadrants (superior, inferior) of GCC thickness with OCT. One way analysis of variance or nonparametric tests was used to compare the differences of pRNFL and GCC thickness between groups. RESULTS: Comparing with the normal group, the average and all quadrants of pRNFL and GCC thickness in the RRMS, the NMOSD - AQP4 - Ab seropositive and the NMOSD-AQP4-Ab seronegative group were thinner (P 0. 05); compared with the RRMS group, the superior pRNFL thickness in the NMOSD - AQP4 - Ab seronegative group was significantly thinner ( P 0. 05 ). Differences between groups in the GCC thickness: compared with both the RRMS and the NMOSD- AQP4- Ab seronegative group, all quadrants of GCC thickness in the NMOSD -AQP4-Ab seropositive group were significantly thinner (P0.05). CONCLUSION: The optic nerve and axon impairment in NMOSD - AQP4 - Ab seropositive group was the most severe and the impairment in RRMS group was the least severe. The impairment in NMOSD - AQP4 - Ab seronegative group was between the former two, and could be more similar to that of RMMS.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636217


Background The rat model of N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU)-induced photoreceptor cell apoptosis is often used to study retinal degeneration.But the changes in the gene expression patterm in retinal degeneration in rats have not been reported.Objective This study was undertaken to investigate regulation of gene expression in the retina of MNU-induced retinal degeneration in rats by performing microarray analysis of retinal RNA.Methods Fifty 6-week-old SD rats were numbered and randomized into the normal group and the model group.The retinal degeneration model was established by a single hypodermic injection of 40 mg/kg of MNU,and the rats in the normal group received equivalent volume of physiological saline in the same way.The rats were sacrificed 12 hours or 24 hours after injection.Retinal sections from the right eyes were prepared for the measurement of the retinal thickness by histopathological examination,and retinas from the left eyes were used to confirm the differential gene expression as detected by microarray (normal group and 12 hours model group).Genes exhibiting changes in expression by ≥2.0 folds were further confirmed using real-time PCR.Results The whole thickness of the retina declined in the rats from the 24 hours model group compared to the normal group and 12 hours model group (t =9.926,P=0.002;t=2.736,P=0.028).The thickness of the outer nuclear layer was (26.58±2.90) μm in the 24 hours model group,showing a significant decrease in comparison with (38.11 ± 1.01) μm in the normal group and (35.07t3.03) μm in the 12 hours model group (t=6.028,P=0.009;t=6.839,P=0.006).However,there was no significant difference in retinal thickness between the normal group and the 12 hours model group (whole thickness:t=1.541,P=0.324;outer nuclear layer thickness:t=2.040,P=0.134).Microarray analysis of the rat genes showed that out of 17 000 genes,142 genes involved in biological process and 94 genes involved in molecular functions were differentially expressed,where most of them participate in the mitogen activated protein kinase signaling pathway,Tolllike receptor signaling pathway and apoptosis pathway.Real-time PCR analysis demonstrated that the expression of CCL2,IL-1b,CCL3,c-fos,c-myc,p53 and MMP3 were consistently up-regulated,conforming with the results from microarray analysis.Conclusions The changes in gene expression pattern appear in the early stage of MNUinduced retinal degeneration.These microarray results provided clues to understanding the molecular pathways underlying photoreceptor degeneration and indicating the directions for future studies.