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1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 373-375, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671334

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the treatment of ureteropelvic junction obstruction by laparoscopic pyeloplasty. Methods A retrospective review of consecutive laparoscopic pyeloplasty in 102 patients between September 2001 and December 2007 was performed. The ureterpelvic junction was dissected and the obstruction portion was excised. Anastomosis was then performed through the ureter and the renal pelvis walls with a stent. Results The mean operating time was 120 min and the average blood loss was 80ml. No major complication occurred intraoperative. The drainage was removed in 3-10 days. The average hospital stay was 8.5 days. The stent was kept for 30-60 days. IVU and B ultrasound examination revealed that the hydronephrosis alleviated during the follow-up and no anastomosis stricture occurred. Conclusions Laparoscopic dismembered pyeloplasty could provide lower morbidity, shorter hospital stay, and faster convalescence. It could be an effective treatment for ureteropelvic junction obstruction.

2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 705-709, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295253

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical significance of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening in early detection of prostate cancer in Chinese men.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>PSA screening was performed in 8562 asymptomatic men who had been enrolled for health checkup and all were > or = 50 years old. Prostate biopsy was recommended for those with a serum PSA level > or = 4.0 ng/ml. The pathological and clinical features of the patients with prostate cancer detected by the PSA screening were compared with that of 82 clinically diagnosed prostate cancer patients during the same period.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 8562 asymptomatic men, 719 had PSA levels > or = 4.0 ng/ml and biopsy was performed in 295 of them. Fifty-eight prostate cancers were detected. The biopsy rate was 41.0% and positive detection rate was 19.7%. The overall age distribution in the screening group and the clinical groups was not significantly different (P = 0.176). However, 41.4% (24/58) of the patients in screening group were > 75 years old, and significantly more than that in the clinical group (25.6%, P = 0.0491). The proportion of the patients with PSA levels > or = 20 ng/ml in the screening group was significantly less than that in the patients of the clinical group (44.8% vs. 75.6%, P = 0.0002). Whether in the patients whose age was > 75 years old (P < 0.05) or < or = 75 years old (P = 0.0002), the patients in the screening group had significantly lower Gleason scores < 7 (60.3% vs. 34.1%, P = 0.002), more T1 or T2 tumor (87.9% vs. 26.8%, P < 0.0001) and more chance to receive radical prostatectomy (50.0% vs. 18.3%, P < 0.0001) than the patients in the clinical group did. However, the distributions of PSA levels at diagnosis and biopsy Gleason scores were not significantly different between the above mentioned two groups (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening is useful for early detection of prostate cancer in Chinese men aged > or = 50 years. The patients detected by PSA screening usually show a lower PSA level, Gleason scores and early clinical stage disease, and have more chance for radical prostatectomy than the clinically diagnosed patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Biopsy , Early Detection of Cancer , Methods , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Blood , Prostatic Neoplasms , Blood , Diagnosis , Pathology
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292434

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the association of the risk of prostate cancer (PCa) with the polymorphism of the CYP2E1 gene, smoking and drinking, and to explore the joint role of genes and living habits in PCa pathogenesis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We conducted a case-control study on 109 PCa patients and 202 age-matched non-PCa male controls, and detected the polymorphisms of CYP2E1 Rsa I and Pst I sites by PCR-RFLP using DNA from peripheral blood lymphocytes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The history of deep smoking (OR = 2.29, 95% CI: 1.28 - 4.09) or heavy smoking (OR = 1.81, 95% CI: 1.02 - 3.22) was a risk factor. The CYP2E1 C1/C1 genotype significantly increased the risk of PCa (OR = 1.71, 95% CI: 1.04 - 2.82) and apparently interacted with drinking (OR = 2.21, 95% CI: 1.06 - 4.59). Heavy smokers with the C1/C1 genotype showed an increased risk of PCa (OR = 2.80, 95% CI: 1.20 - 6.56), as compared with non-smokers carrying the genotype of C1/C2 or C2/C2.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The risk of PCa obviously increases in individuals with both the CYP2E1 C1/C1 genotype and the habit of smoking or drinking, and it has a significant positive correlation with the dose of tobacco exposure.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Alcohol Drinking , Epidemiology , Genetics , Case-Control Studies , China , Epidemiology , Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1 , Genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Genetic , Prostatic Neoplasms , Epidemiology , Genetics , Smoking , Epidemiology , Genetics
4.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 51-54, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319293

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the etiopathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and management of persistent Müllerian duct syndrome (PMDS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two cases of PMDS were reported, one accompanied by transverse testicular ectopia and the other associated with cryptorchidism. Corporeal hysterectomy and orchidopexy were given to both the patients and cryptorchidectory the latter.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Vascular supply and texture of the testis were normal in both the 2 patients after 1.5-2 years' follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PMDS is male pseudohermaphroditism, for which means should be taken to preserve the blood supply and fertility function of the testis in surgical management, and attention should be paid to possible development of testis tumor in follow-up.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Disorders of Sex Development , Pathology , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Mullerian Ducts , Congenital Abnormalities , Syndrome
5.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 770-775, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-359911

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To study the molecular mechanism of epididymal protease inhibitor (Eppin) modulating the process of prostate specific antigen (PSA) digesting semenogelin (Sg).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Human Sg cDNA (nucleotides 82-849) and Eppin cDNA (nucleotides 70-723) were generated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and cloned into pET-100D/TOPO. Recombinant Eppin and Sg (rEppin and rSg) were produced by BL21 (DE3). The association of Eppin with Sg was studied by far-western immunoblot and radioautography. In vitro the digestion of rSg by PSA in the presence or absence of rEppin was studied. The effect of anti-Q20E (N-terminal) and C-terminal of Eppin on Eppin-Sg binding was monitored.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Eppin binds Sg on the surface of human spermatozoa with the C-terminal of Eppin (amino acids 75-133). rSg was digested with PSA and many low molecular weight fragments were produced. When rEppin is bound to rSg, then digested by PSA, incomplete digestion and a 15-kDa fragment results. Antibody binding to the N-terminal of rEppin did not affect rSg digestion. Addition of antibodies to the C-terminal of rEppin inhibited the modulating effect of rEppin.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Eppin protects a 15-kDa fragment of rSg from hydrolysis by PSA.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies , Pharmacology , Autoradiography , Humans , Hydrolysis , Male , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Metabolism , Proteinase Inhibitory Proteins, Secretory , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Rabbits , Recombinant Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Semen , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Seminal Vesicle Secretory Proteins , Metabolism , Spermatozoa , Metabolism
6.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 498-501, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297697

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To further study gene expression and characterization of voltage-dependent anion channels (VDACs) on human spermatozoa.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>VDACs were cloned by PCR from the testis cDNA library. Recombinant human sperm VDACs were produced in E. coli system by molecular cloning technology. Sperm membrane protein was extracted by 1% Triton X-100 and separated by chloroform/methanol.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The gene expression of VDACs was found in the human testis cDNA library and VDAC protein was detected located on the sperm membrane by alpha-helix.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>VDAC proteins, abundant on the human sperm membrane and responsible for anion transportation, play an important role in sperm signaling transduction and fertility.</p>


Subject(s)
Blotting, Western , Gene Expression , Humans , Male , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Recombinant Proteins , Signal Transduction , Physiology , Spermatozoa , Metabolism , Testis , Metabolism , Voltage-Dependent Anion Channels , Physiology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289059

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a mouse model of hypospadias induced by benzoate estradiol to further the studies on the molecular mechanisms of hypospadias.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of pregnant mice were randomly divided into 5 groups, Group A, B, C, D and E, and injected subcutaneously (sc) with estradiol benzoate at the dose of 0, 0.2, 1, 5 and 25 mg x kg(-1) d(-1) respectively from the 12th to the 16th gestational day. The mortality of the newborn mice was recorded and the male neonates of 2 pregnant mice from each group were anatomized to observe the testis position and prostate agenesis on the delivery day. Examinations were made for urethra and cryptorchidism on the 28th postnatal day.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The death rates of the neonates in Group A, B, C, D and E were 21.6%, 21.5%, 41.4%, 56. 6% and 75.0%, respectively. Hypospadias was detected in Group C (3.3%, 1/30), D (20.0%, 4/20) and E (23.0%, 3/13), with significant difference between Group D and A (P < 0.05) and E and A (P < 0.05), but not between Group D and E (P > 0.05). Cryptorchidism was found in Group C (6.6%, 2/30) , D (30.0%, 6/20) and E (61.6%, 8/13), with significant difference between Group D and A (P < 0.05) and E and A (P < 0.05) , but not between Group D and E (P >0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Exposure of pregnant mice to large dose of estradiol benzoate can induce hypospadias and cryptorchidism in their neonates. And the right dose of estradiol benzoate for the establishment of the mouse model of hypospadias should be 5 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1).</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Disease Models, Animal , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Estradiol , Toxicity , Female , Hypospadias , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Pregnancy , Random Allocation
8.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 1080-1083, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232010

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To produce recombinant human prostate-specific antigen (PSA) by molecular cloning technology and to identify its activity.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The human PSA cDNA and PET-12a vector were digested by NdeI and BamH1 before ligated by T4 ligase. The correct sequence was verified and transformed into high competent E. coli BL21 (DE3). Recombinant PSA was expressed and purified by hydrophobic interaction phenyl Sepharose column and activated by trypsin digestion. Enzymatic activation assay was done by hydrolysis of the substrate S-2586 and semenogelin.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Non-active recombinant PSA was digested by trypsin and demonstrated enzyme activity. The activated PSA hydrolyzed S-2586 and its physiological substrate semenogelin (Sg).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Recombinant pro-PSA can be an active serine protease by trypsin digestion and demonstrate native PSA enzymatic activity.</p>


Subject(s)
Blotting, Western , Cloning, Molecular , DNA, Complementary , Genetics , Escherichia coli , Genetics , Gene Expression , Humans , Hydrolysis , Male , Oligopeptides , Metabolism , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Genetics , Metabolism , Recombinant Proteins , Metabolism , Seminal Vesicle Secretory Proteins , Metabolism , Trypsin , Metabolism
9.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 428-434, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343605

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the correlation of epididymal protease inhibitor(Eppin) and Semenogelin(Sg) on human ejaculated spermatozoa.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The experimental approaches include: (1) Immunoprecipitation of Eppin with anti-Eppin from semen; (2) Colocalization of Eppin and Sg by immunofluorescence; (3) Immunoprecipitation of rEppin and rSg;(4) Far-Western blotting of rEppin and rSg;(5) Competition of saturated 125I-rSg binding to rEppin with unlabeled Sg, and direct binding of 125I-rSg to rEppin on a blot; (6) Autoradiography of 125I-rSg with rEppin.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Eppin-Sg complex present on the surface of human ejaculated spermatozoa, Cys-239 is the only cystein for rEppin binding rSg. Reduction and carboxymethylation of Cys-239 blocks binding of 125I-rEppin to rSg.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Our study demonstrates that Eppin and Sg bind to each other on human ejaculated spermatozoa. A disulfide linkage occurs between Sg and Eppin, indicating the specificity of binding.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Protein Binding , Proteinase Inhibitory Proteins, Secretory , Proteins , Chemistry , Metabolism , Recombinant Proteins , Seminal Vesicle Secretory Proteins , Chemistry , Metabolism , Spermatozoa , Metabolism
10.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 169-175, 2006.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253862

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To investigate the differences in microvessel densities (MVD) and the expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), VEGF-C and VEGF receptor-3 (VEGFR-3) between prostate cancer (PCa) tissues and adjacent benign tissues, and to explore the correlations among MVD, Jewett-Whitmore staging, Gleason scores and expressions of VEGF, VEGF-C and VEGFR-3 in the progression of PCa.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>An immunohistochemical approach was adopted to detect the expressions of CD34, VEGF, VEGF-C and VEGFR-3 in both cancer areas and peripheral benign areas of 71 primary prostatic adenocarcinoma specimens. A statistic analysis was then performed according to the experimental and clinic data.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Significantly upregulated expressions of VEGF, VEGF-C and VEGFR-3 were all found in malignant epithelium/cancer cells compared with adjacent benign epithelium (P<0.01). Patients in stage D had a significantly higher score than patients in stage A, B or C when comparing the expression of VEGF-C or VEGFR-3 in the tumor area (P<0.01). In addition, significant correlations were observed between Jewett-Whitmore staging and VEGF-C (r(s)=0.738, P<0.01), clinical staging and VEGFR-3 (r(s)=0.410, P<0.01), VEGF-C and Gleason scores (r(s)=0.401, P<0.01), VEGFR-3 and Gleason scores (r(s)=0.581, P<0.001) and MVD and VEGF (r(s)=0.492, P<0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Increased expressions of VEGF and VEGF-C were closely associated with progression of PCa. The main contribution of increased VEGF expression for PCa progression was to upregulate MVD, which maintained the growth advantage of tumor tissue. However, the chief role of increased expressions of VEGF-C and VEGFR-3 was to enhance lymphangiogenesis and provide a main pathway for cancer cells to disseminate.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antigens, CD34 , Disease Progression , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Pathology , Prostatic Neoplasms , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor C , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-3
11.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 195-197, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323398

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical efficacy of high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) combined with endocrine therapy in the treatment of patients with prostate cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty patients with prostate cancer were treated with extracorporeal HIFU device( model FEP-BY01 ) and androgen ablation, of whom 15 received orchiectomy and 5 LHRH-a. Fourteen patients of the total number were given flutamide in addition to castration.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean follow-up was 13.5 months (ranging 6 to approximately 30). Before and after the treatment, the prostate volume, prostate specific antigen (PSA), international prostate symptom score (IPSS) and maximal flow rate (Qmax) of the patients were (36.4 +/- 16.2) ml and (20.6 +/- 11.8) ml (P < 0.05), (32.2 +/- 10.4) ng/ml and (2.4 +/- 0.8) ng/ml (P < 0.01), 20. 5 +/- 6.5 and 13.6 +/- 7.5 (P < 0.05), (10.6 +/- 6.3) ml/s and (14.2 +/- 4.6) ml/s (P < 0.05), respectively. Mild hematuria and pain were noted in 5 and 8 patients respectively, and 1 patient underwent internal urethrotomy with a cold knife because of urethral stricture. er, with minimal complications.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HIFU combined with endocrine therapy is effective in the treatment of prostate canc-</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal , Therapeutic Uses , Combined Modality Therapy , Flutamide , Therapeutic Uses , Follow-Up Studies , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Orchiectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasound, High-Intensity Focused, Transrectal
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1184-1189, 2004.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291956

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>With potent suppressive effect on responder T cells, CD(4)(+)CD(25)(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells have become the focus of attention only recently and they may play an important role in transplantation tolerance. However, the mechanism of action is not clear. This study was designed to assess the possibility of using CD(4)(+)CD(25)(+) Treg cells to induce transplantation tolerance and to investigate their mechanism of action.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>CD(4)(+)CD(25)(+) Treg cells were isolated using magnetic cell separation techniques. Mixed lymphocyte reactions were used to assess the ability of Treg cells to suppress effector T cells. Before skin transplantation, various numbers of CD(4)(+)CD(25)(+) Treg cells, which have been induced using complex skin antigens from the donor, were injected into the host mice either intraperitoneally [0.5 x 10(5), 1 x 10(5), 2 x 10(5), 3 x 10(5), 4 x 10(5), or 5 x 10(5)] or by injection through the tail vein [5 x 10(3), 1 x 10(4), 2 x 10(4), 5 x 10(4), 1 x 10(5), 2 x 10(5)]. Skin grafts from two different donor types were used to assess whether the induced Treg cells were antigen-specific. The survival time of the allografts were observed. Single photon emission computed tomography was also used to determine the distribution of Treg cells before and after transplantation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Treg cells have suppressive effect on mixed lymphocyte reactions. Grafts survived longer in mice receiving CD(4)(+)CD(25)(+) Treg cell injections than in control mice. There was a significant difference between groups receiving intraperitoneal injection of either 2 x 10(5) or 3 x 10(5) CD(4)(+)CD(25)(+) Treg cells and the control group (P < 0.05, respectively). Better results were achieved when Treg cells were injected via the tail vein than when injected intraperitoneally. The transplantation tolerance induced by CD(4)(+)CD(25)(+) Treg cells was donor-specific. Analysis of the localization of Treg cells revealed that Treg cells mainly migrated from the liver to the allografts and the spleen.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>CD(4)(+)CD(25)(+)Treg cells can induce donor-specific transplantation tolerance. Cell-to-cell contact may be the primary mechanism by which Treg cells act on effector T cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Graft Rejection , Immune Tolerance , Lymphocyte Culture Test, Mixed , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Skin Transplantation , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Allergy and Immunology
13.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 383-384, 2004.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-270880

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To study the effect of combined androgen block therapy on hemoglobin and hematocrit values in patients with prostate cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and thirty-six patients with adenocarcinoma of prostate were treated with combined androgen block (orchiectomy and flutamide 250 mg, tid). Complete blood counts were determined before and after 1, 2, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months of therapy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The hemoglobin and hematocrit levels declined significantly in all patients and at all the time points after treatment (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Prostate cancer patients treated with combined androgen block would develop obvious anemia. Recombinant human erythropoietin can be used to treat patients with severe anemia.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Drug Therapy , Therapeutics , Adult , Androgen Antagonists , Therapeutic Uses , Anemia , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal , Therapeutic Uses , Combined Modality Therapy , Flutamide , Therapeutic Uses , Hematocrit , Hemoglobins , Metabolism , Humans , Male , Orchiectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Therapeutics , Prostatic Secretory Proteins
14.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 496-497, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271095

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of combined androgen block therapy on hemoglobin (Hb) and hematocrit value (Ht) in patients with prostate cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and thirty-six patients with adenocarcinoma of the prostate were treated with combined androgen block (orchiectomy and flutamide 250 mg, Tid). Complete blood counts were detected before initiation and after 1, 2, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months of therapy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Hb level declined significantly in all patients from a mean baseline of (136 +/- 14) g/L to (126 +/- 16) g/L, (121 +/- 14) g/L, (120 +/- 15) g/L, (113 +/- 12) g/L, (121 +/- 13) g/L and (123 +/- 15) g/L at 1, 2, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. Ht decreased from a mean baseline of 0.424 +/- 0.041 to 0.390 +/- 0.038, 0.381 +/- 0.042, 0.378 +/- 0.038, 0.366 +/- 0.041, 0.384 +/- 0.039 and 0.387 +/- 0.040. The differences between Hb, Ht before and after treatment were significant (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Patients with prostate cancer being treated with combined androgen block would develop a significant degree of anemia. Hemoglobin and hematocrit level should be monitored periodically. This kind of anemia can be treated by recombinant human erythropoietin.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Androgen Antagonists , Anemia , Hematocrit , Hemoglobins , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prostatic Neoplasms , Blood , Drug Therapy
15.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 510-511, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237986

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical efficacy of alpha-1 A adrenoceptor antagonist (tamsulosin) in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) patients with acute urinary retention.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy-two BPH patients with acute retention of urine were randomly divided into treatment group and control group of 36 patients each. All the patients were treated with indwelling catheter, oral antibiotics and the patients in treatment group tamsulosin 0.4 mg once a day for 3 days. The catheter was removed after 72 hours of treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After removal of the catheter, 44% (32/72) of patients voided successfully. The effect rates were 61% (22/36) in the tamsulosin treatment group and 28% (10/36) in the control group(P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Treatment with tamsulosin was effective in raising the success rate of voiding without catheter after an episode of acute urinary retention. The efficacy of treatment was not influenced by the volume of prostate.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists , Therapeutic Uses , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Drug Therapy , Sulfonamides , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome , Urinary Catheterization , Urinary Retention , Drug Therapy
16.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 134-135, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287224

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To study the effect of acute urinary retention on the serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) concentration.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Blood samples from 34 benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) patients with acute urinary retention were drawn immediately before suprapubic cystomy and 48 hours after relief of urinary retention. Serum PSA concentrations were measured with radioimmunoassay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean serum PSA levels of BPH patients with acute urinary retention was (24.6 +/- 16.1) micrograms/L (range from 2.6 micrograms/L to 45.8 micrograms/L). Forty-eight hours after relief of urinary retention, the mean serum PSA levels declined to (9.4 +/- 6.3) micrograms/L (range from 1.7 micrograms/L to 16.6 micrograms/L). The difference was significant (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Acute urinary retention could dramatically increase the serum PSA value of patients with BPH. After relief of the urinary retention, the patients had a great than 50% decreased of PSA values.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Blood , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Blood , Urinary Retention , Blood
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-676091

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve the diagnosis accuracy and treatment quality of juxtaglomerular cell tumor.Methods The clinical data of 2 female patients(20 and 36 years,respectively)with juxtaglo- merular cell tumor were presented and discussed in combination with review of the literature,including the onset characteristics,imaging features,treatment,pathology and prognosis.Case 1 presented with hyperten- sion of 180/110 mm Hg.The laboratory examinations showed that in decubitus and standing position,the plasma rennin activity(PRA)was 3.2?g - L~(-1)?h~(-1)and 36.5?g?L~(-1)?h~(-1);angiotensinⅡwas 54.3 pg/ml and 183.5 pg/ml;aldosterone was 193.5 prnol/L and 489.4 pmol/L,respectively;serum kalium was 2.6 mmol/L.Case 2 presented with hypertension of 210/120 mm Hg.The laboratory examination results were as follows:in decubitus and standing position,PRA was 4.3?g?L~(-1)?h~(-1)and 37.0?g?L~(-1)?h~(-1);angio- teusinⅡwas 55.6 pg/ml and 200.4 pg/ml;aldosterone was 162.4 pmol/L and 506.3 pmol/L,respectively; serum kalium was 3.0 mmol/L.On CT scan,both cases had renal tumor,with the diameter of 3.0 cm and 3. 5 cm,respectively.Results Case 1 underwent laparoscopic partial nephrectomy.Case 2 who had artery stricture and severe functional injure of the right kidney underwent laparoscopic right nephrectomy.The oper- ative time was 3.0 h and 2.0 h,and the blood loss was 175 ml and 112 ml,respectively.There was no mor- tality or postoperative complication.In 1 or 2 postoperative weeks,Case 1 had blood pressure(BP)of 120/70 mm Hg;in deeubitus and standing position,PRA was 1.5?g ~ L~(-1)?b~(-1)and 12.8?g?L~(-1)?h~(-1);angio- tensinⅡwas 30.6 pg/ml and 97.5 pg/ml;aldosterone was 78.5 pmol/L and 192.2 pmol/L,respectively ;se- rum kalium was 4.2 mmol/L.Case 2 had BP of 125/75 mm Hg;in decubitus and standing position,PRA was 1.6?g.L~(-1)?h~(-1)and 12.3?g.L~(-1)?h(-1);angiotensinⅡwas 34.3 pg/ml and 83.5 pg/ml;aldoste- rone was 62.6 pmol/L and 292.5 pmol/L,respectively;serum kalium was 4.8 mmol/L.Pathology showed that the juxtaglomerular cell tumor had intact envelop.Light microscopically,the tumor was very much like a hemangiopericytoma,showing active proliferation and nuclear atypia.The immunohistochemical staining showed positive Vimentin,CD_(34)expression,and negative MSA,EMA,Bcl-2,?-SmA,AG/AG3,34?En, CD_(117),CD_(31),Iv glue,Ki-G~-(<2%)expression.Ultrastructural changes of the nuclei and some organelles in the cytoplasm were observed under electron microscope.The conspicuous ultrastructural feature was the pres- ence of secretion granules and rhomboid-shaped,crystal-like structures in the dilated cisternae of rough endo- plasmic reticulum and vesicles of Golgi complex.The follow-up was 14 and 6 months,respectively;the renal function was normal and no tumor recurrence was found.Conelusions Juxtaglomerular cell tumor is a rare tumor which can produce renin.It is characterized by severe hypertension and low serum potassium.La- boratory examination results are helpful for the diagnosis:PRA and angiotensinⅡincrease obviously ;aldoste- rone is 1-10 times more than normal;serum kalium is commonly between 2.1-3.5 mmol/L.The definite diagnosis depends on clinical presentations,immunohistochemistry,light and electron microscopic examina- tions.Laparoscopie operation is the first choice of surgical treatment.

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