Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 74
Filter
1.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 161-166, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928524

ABSTRACT

Ethnicity might be associated with treatment outcomes in advanced prostate cancer. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) combined with apalutamide in East Asians with metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer (mCSPC). The original phase 3 Targeted Investigational Treatment Analysis of Novel Anti-androgen (TITAN) trial was conducted at 260 sites in 23 countries. This subgroup analysis included patients enrolled in 62 participating centers in China, Japan, and Korea. Radiographic progression-free survival (PFS), time to prostate-specific antigen (PSA) progression, and PSA changes from baseline were compared between groups in the East Asian population. The intent-to-treat East Asian population included 111 and 110 participants in the apalutamide and placebo groups, respectively. The 24-month radiographic PFS rates were 76.1% and 52.3% in the apalutamide and placebo groups, respectively (apalutamide vs placebo: hazard ratio [HR] = 0.506; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.302-0.849; P = 0.009). Median time to PSA progression was more favorable with apalutamide than placebo (HR = 0.210; 95% CI, 0.124-0.357; P < 0.001). Median maximum percentages of PSA decline from baseline were 99.0% and 73.9% in the apalutamide and placebo groups, respectively. The most common adverse event (AE) was rash in the apalutamide group, with a higher rate than that in the placebo group (37.3% vs 9.1%). The most common grade 3 or 4 AEs were rash (12 [10.9%]) and hypertension (12 [10.9%]) for apalutamide. The efficacy and safety of apalutamide in the East Asian subgroup of the TITAN trial are consistent with the global results.


Subject(s)
Androgen Antagonists/adverse effects , Exanthema/chemically induced , Far East , Humans , Male , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant/pathology , Thiohydantoins/adverse effects
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927629

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to examine the associations of daytime napping with incident risks of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and hypertension (HTN).@*METHODS@#Data for napping and CVD outcomes in 25 provinces were collected from baseline (2010) and three waves of follow-up (2012-2017) investigations of the China Family Panel Studies. Cox frailty models with random intercepts for the surveyed provinces were used to assess the longitudinal effects of daytime napping on CVD and HTN.@*RESULTS@#Compared with non-nappers, 30+ min nappers had higher risks of CVD and HTN, while no significant associations were observed among < 30 min nappers. Incident risks among 30- to < 60-min nappers increased by 22% [hazard ratio (HR) 1.22, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 1.08-1.39] for CVD and 21% (1.21, 1.04-1.41) for HTN, respectively, with corresponding HRs of CVD and HTN of 1.27 (1.09-1.47) and 1.38 (1.16-1.65) among ≥ 60 min nappers. Nap-associated CVD risks varied by subgroups, with stronger associations in participants with lower body mass index (< 24 kg/m 2), physically inactive persons, smokers, and participants with longer nighttime sleep (≥ 7 h/night). Significant effects of daytime napping were observed on rural and northern residents only, highlighting great regional variations in CVD risks associated with napping habits.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This cohort study revealed strong evidence that long daytime napping (≥ 30 min) is associated with an increased incidence of cardiovascular events.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Hypertension/etiology , Incidence , Longitudinal Studies , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Sleep/physiology , Time Factors
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1314-1331, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887071

ABSTRACT

Environmentally sensitive hydrogels are a novel formulation that has developed rapidly in recent years. It could form semi-solid with good adhesion in the topical sites based on different physiological environments. Its long local retention time is conducive for sustained drug release, and the preparation process is relatively simple and easy to realize industrialization. This review summarized the categories, commonly used polymer, and different administration routes based on the recently published literatures. According to different response factors, it can be divided into temperature, pH, ion, light, and multiple sensitive hydrogels, among which temperature-sensitive hydrogels are the most common. The most commonly used polymers include chitosan, poly N-isopropyl acrylamide, and poloxamer. There are different administration routes for environmentally sensitive hydrogels, such as transdermal, ophthalmic, nasal, oral, vaginal, rectal, injection, etc. Environmentally sensitive hydrogels have broad prospects in clinical application.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1797-1803, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887024

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to establish a method for positioning six chromatographic peaks occurred in HPLC profile of Gastrodiae Rhizoma. The "liner calibration with two reference substances" (LCTRS) method was used to calculate the retention time so as to assist in positioning of chromatographic peaks in terms of the prediction accuracy of retention time and the coincidence rate of chromatographic column. A total of 24 C18 chromatographic columns from different brands and types available were used to determine the retention times of six components in Gastrodiae Rhizoma, then the average retention time of each component was obtained as standard retention time (SRT). Parishin E (peak 3) and Parishin A (peak 6) were simultaneously taken as reference substance to forecast the retention time of the other four components by using the LCTRS method. Four different C18 columns were employed to verify the method. Meanwhile, for the purpose of comparison, the relative retention time (RRT) method was applied to forecast the retention time, by using Parishin E as the single reference substance. The comparison between LCTRS and RRT methods indicated that the former was more accurate in predicting the retention time and more applicable in utilization of chromatographic columns. This study demonstrated that the LCTRS method shows the superior performance in positioning of chromatographic peak, and therefore has a good prospect of application.

5.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 26-32, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881965

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the therapeutic effect of tetrandrine(TET) on silicosis model rats and its toxic effect on liver and kidney function. METHODS: The specific pathogen free healthy male Wistar rats were randomly divided into the control group, the model group and the TET group, with 14 rats in each group. By un-exposure tracheal injection method, the rats in the model and TET groups were given one-time tracheal infusion of free silicon dioxide suspension with a mass concentration of 50 g/L to establish the rat model of silicosis. Rats in the control group were infused with 1 mL of 0.9% sodium chloride solution with the same method. On the second day after the model was established, the TET group was given 30 mg/kg body mass of TET solution by gavage. The other two groups were given the same amount of 0.9% sodium chloride solution. The treatment was once per day, six times per week. Seven rats in each group were sacrificed on the 28 th and 56 th days after modeling. The morphological change of the lung, liver and kidney tissues of each group was observed. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect the level of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), transforming growth factor-β1(TGF-β1), interleukin(IL)-1β and IL-6, in the lung tissues of rats in each group. The activities of aminotransferase(ALT), aspartate aminotransferase(AST) and the levels blood urea nitrogen(BUN), creatinine(CRE) were detected by automatic biochemical analyzer. RESULTS: The lung organ coefficients of rats in the TET group were lower than those of the model group on the 28 th and 56 th days(all P<0.05). The lung organ coefficient of the rats in the TET group on the 56 th day was higher than that in the same group on the 28 th day(P<0.05). The lung tissue structure of the control group was normal. After modeling, the lung tissues of rats in model group showed different degrees of pathological changes such as alveolar structure destruction, inflammatory cell infiltration, and fibrosis on the 28 th and 56 th days. The degree of pathological changes in TET group was less than that of the model group. In the lung tissues of rats in the model group, the levels of TNF-α, TGF-β1, IL-1β and IL-6 were higher than those of the control group(all P<0.01). The levels of TNF-α, TGF-β1, IL-1β and IL-6 in the lung tissues of rats in the TET group were lower than that of the model group(all P<0.01), but there was no statistically significant difference when compared with the control group(all P>0.05). The activities of ALT and AST in the TET group were higher than those in the model group and the control group(all P<0.01). The level of serum BUN in TET group was higher than that in control group(P<0.01), but it showed no statistical difference when compared with the control group(P>0.05). The level of serum CRE in each group showed no significant difference(P>0.05). There were no abnormal pathological changes found in the liver and kidney tissues of rats in each group at different times. CONCLUSION: TET can reduce the inflammatory response in silicosis rats and improve lung tissue fibrosis; however, the therapeutic dose may have certain toxicity to the liver and kidney of the silicosis rats.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 865-871, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876530

ABSTRACT

The article was to study the effect of local photodynamics therapy combined with carbon dioxide lattice laser - "light needles" for the treatment of basal cell carcinoma (BCC). 5-Aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) cubic liquid crystal using glyceryl monostearate (GMO) as the substrate was prepared. The cytotoxicity of 5-ALA cubic liquid crystal combined with light needles in vitro were evaluated. The pharmacodynamics study of 5-ALA cubic liquid crystal combined with light needles of high or low energy for BCC was carried out based on the pathological changes, tumor volume, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression and the recurrence rate, which has been approved by the Ethics Committee of Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine. The cubic liquid crystal was isotropic with the lattice of PN3M. The cytotoxicity of 5-ALA cubic liquid crystal combined with light needles was much higher than that of 5-ALA or light needles alone. Compared with light needles or photodynamic therapy alone, 5-ALA cubic liquid crystal combined with light needles of high energy could prevent the BCC metastasis and of low energy could inhibit BCC growth. It demonstrated the obvious therapeutical effects for BCC. 5-ALA cubic liquid crystal combined with light needles can effectively treat BCC, which provides a new choice for clinical BCC treatment.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1691-1698, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823306

ABSTRACT

italic>Shiraia bambusiccola is an important medicinal fungus in China. Hypocrellins with perylenequinone skeleton are main bioactive components of Shiraia bambusiccola, which are widely used in food, medicine, pesticide and other fields as natural photosensitizers. For example, "hypocrellin ointment" has already been used clinically. As a rare and vulnerable species, wild Shiraia bambusiccola resources are very limited. Due to the complex structure and chanllenge in chemical total synthesis of hypocrellins, it is urgent to find an effective strategy to rationally utilize its medicinal value while protecting the wild resources. In this study, a candidate gene cluster hpc was identified in Shiraia sp. cfcc 84681 based on careful bioinformatic analysis. A heterologous expression system for hpc gene cluster was successfully constructed and a mutant strain with high yield of hypocrellins was obtained, which mainly produced hypocrellin A and isohypocrellin A. The main ingredients in the mutant strain are consistent with that in the wild Shiraia bambusiccola. These results provide a new strategy to solve the shortage of wild Shiraia bambusiccola resources.

8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1892-1898, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879989

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of 5-aminoimidazole-4-formamide ribonucleotide (AICAR) combined with interferon (IFN-α-2b) on the proliferation and apoptosis of chronic myeloid leukemia K562 cells, and explore its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#CCK-8 method was used to detect the inhibition of cell proliferation. Wright Giemsa method was used to stain and cell morphology was observed by light microscopy. FITC Annexin V/PI double staining method was used to analyze the change of apoptosis rate. Immunocytochemistry method was used to detect the expression of wild-type P53 protein.@*RESULTS@#Different concentration of AICAR was inhibitory effect on K562 cells at different time point of action for 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h, and the inhibition was time and dose-dependent (r=0.71, r=0.84). The combination of AICAR and IFN-α-2b could effectively inhibit the proliferation and promote apoptosis of K562 cells. The inhibition rate of K562 cells was (45.26±2.54)%, and the early apoptosis rate was (33.72±0.23)%, which was statistically significantly different from the control group, AICAR or IFN-ɑ-2b alone (P<0.05). The combination of two drugs promoted the expression of wild-type p53 protein.@*CONCLUSION@#AICAR and/or IFN-ɑ-2b can inhibit the cell proliferation and promote the apoptosis of K562 cells. The combination of two drugs shows synergistic antitumor effect, and its mechanism may be related to the promotion of high expression of wild-type p53 protein.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Formamides , Humans , Imidazoles , Interferons , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Ribonucleotides/pharmacology
9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2011-2018, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780294

ABSTRACT

The Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) metastatic mouse model was used to investigate the effects of gefitinib and Sijunzi Tang (SJZ) on pre-metastatic niche. The experimental protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee which belongs to Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. To generate spontaneous lung metastatic models, 1×106 luciferase-labeled LLC cells were injected subcutaneously in the shaved right flank of mice. One day after LLC inoculation, the mice were randomly divided into model (saline), gefitinib (50 mg·kg-1) treatment, SJZ treatment (25.74 g·kg-1), and co-treatment gefitinib with SJZ groups, with intragastrical administration. After 14 days of continuous administration, tumor size was detected by IVIS® Spectrum system. The number of monocytes and neutrophils and the expression levels of chemokine receptors (CXCR1, CCR2) and carcinogenic gene (c-Kit), in peripheral blood, spleen and lung tissues of mice were determined by flow cytometry. The contents of interleukin-IL-1α (IL-1α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were detected by the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). After 21 days of treatment, tumors were surgically removed, weighed and the tumor volume was measured with vernier caliper and the antitumor effect of co-administration was evaluated. After 45 days of administration, the survival of mice was recorded. The results of flow cytometry showed that the percentage of neutrophils in gefitinib group, SJZ group, and co-treatment group was significantly decreased in the lung tissue compared to the model group (P<0.05 or P<0.01), but there was no significant difference between three treatment groups (P>0.05). In the mouse peripheral blood and lung tissue, compared with the model group, the expression levels of CXCR1, CCR2 and c-Kit on the surface of neutrophils and monocytes in SJZ group and co-treatment group decreased or decreased significantly (P<0.01 or P<0.05). However, there was a significant increase in the expression level of c-Kit on the surface of monocytes (P<0.05). In the mouse spleen tissue, the expression levels of CXCR1, CCR2 and c-Kit in the gefitinib group increased significantly (P<0.05), while decreased significantly in SJZ or co-treatment group (P<0.05). The results of ELISA showed that the content of IL-1α in SJZ group decreased significantly in the plasma of the mice compared with the model group (P<0.01) and the content of IL-6 in co-treatment group decreased significantly (P<0.05). Compared with the gefitinib group, the content of IL-1 in the co-treatment group decreased significantly (P<0.05). In the tumor tissues of mice, compared with the model group, the content of IL-1α in the co-treatment group decreased significantly (P<0.05). Furthermore, the content of IL-1α in co-administrated group and IL-6 in SJZ or co-treatment group decreased significantly compared with the gefitinib group (P<0.05). After 21 days of continuous administration, the tumor inhibition rates of gefitinib group, SJZ group and co-administrated group were 45.7%, 38.4%, and 84.8%, respectively. After 45 days of administration, the survival rate of the model group was 0%, whereas the gefitinib, SJZ or co-treatment group has a survival rate of 40%, 60%, or 60%, respectively. In summary, our study illustrated that Sijunzi Tang could improve the anti-tumor effect of gefitinib by regulating pre-metastatic niche.

10.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1081-1086, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776209

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the action mechanism of electroacupuncture (EA) for knee osteoarthritis (KOA) based on Wnt/beta-catenin (Wnt/β-catenin) signaling pathway.@*METHODS@#Ten rats were randomly selected into a sham-operation group among 50 male 2-month-old SD rats, and the KOA model was established in the remaining 40 rats by modified Hulth method. Four weeks after the model establishment, the rats were randomly divided into a model group, an experimental A group, an experimental B group and an experimental C group, 10 rats in each group. The rats in the sham-operation group and model group did not receive any intervention. The rats in the experimental A group were treated with EA at "Neixiyan" (EX-LE 4) and "Dubi"(ST 35) for 15 min. The rats in the experimental B group were treated with EA at "Neixiyan" (EX-LE 4) and "Dubi"(ST 35) for 30 min. The rats in the experimental C group were treated with EA at non-acupoint for 15 min. EA intervention was given once a day, five times a week, and totally 12-week treatment was given. After 12 weeks, the knee cartilage tissues were stained and the morphological changes were observed under light microscopy; the severity of cartilage degeneration was evaluated by modified Mankin's score; the content of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in synovium tissues was detected by ELISA method; the content of Wnt-4, β-catenin and matrix metalloprotein-13 (MMP-13) in cartilage tissues was detected by Western blot method.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham-operation group, in the model group the morphology and structure of cartilage were disordered, the number of cells was significantly reduced, the matrix was decontaminated and tidal line was incomplete; the Mankin's score was significantly increased (0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EA at "Neixiyan" (EX-LE 4) and "Dubi"(ST 35) may reduce the expression of MMP-13 and the production of inflammatory factor IL-1β through Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, thus inhibit the degradation of cartilage matrix and the apoptosis of chondrocyte, and improve the morphology and structure of cartilage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cartilage, Articular , Metabolism , Electroacupuncture , Humans , Male , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Therapeutics , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Wnt Signaling Pathway
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2601-2611, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774682

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#In consideration of characteristics and functions, extra-cellular signal-regulated protein kinase 5 (ERK5) signaling pathway could be a new target for spinal cord injury (SCI) treatment. Our study aimed to evaluate the roles of ERK5 signaling pathway in secondary damage of SCI.@*METHODS@#We randomly divided 70 healthy Wistar rats into five groups: ten in the blank group, 15 in the sham surgery + BIX02188 (sham + B) group, 15 in the sham surgery + dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO; sham + D) group, 15 in the SCI + BIX02188 (SCI + B) group, and 15 in the SCI + DMSO (SCI + D) group. BIX02188 is a specific inhibitor of the ERK5 signaling pathway. SCI was induced by the application of vascular clips (with the force of 30 g) to the dura on T10 level, while rats in the sham surgery group underwent only T9-T11 laminectomy. BIX02188 or DMSO was intra-thecally injected at 1, 6, and 12 h after surgery or SCI. Spinal cord samples were taken for testing at 24 h after surgery or SCI.@*RESULTS@#Expression of phosphorylated-ERK5 (p-ERK5) significantly increased after SCI. Application of BIX02188 indeed inhibited ERK5 signaling pathway and reduced the degree of spinal cord tissue injury, neutrophil infiltration and proinflammatory cytokine expression, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation and apoptosis (measured by TdT-mediated 2'-deoxyuridine 5'-triphosphate nick-end labeling, expression of Fas-ligand, BCL2-associated X [Bax], and B-cell lymphoma-2 [Bcl-2]). Double immunofluorescence revealed activation of ERK5 in neurons and microglia after SCI.@*CONCLUSION@#ERK5 signaling pathway was activated in spinal neurons and microglia, contributing to secondary injury of SCI. Moreover, inhibition of ERK5 signaling pathway could alleviate the degree of SCI, which might be related to its regulation of infiltration of inflammatory cells and release of inflammatory cytokines, expression of NF-κB and cell apoptosis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905128

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare arm circumference (AC) and upper limb volume (ULV) in assessment of breast cancer related lymphedema (BCRL). Methods:From November, 2013 to February, 2015, 281 women with one-sided breast cancer accepting radiotherapy were consecutively enrolled. AC was measured as the means of circumference 10 cm above and 5 cm below the most eminent midpoint of olecranon. ULV was measured as the water displacement volume when the water surface reached at 15 cm above the midpoint of olecranon. Univariate and multivariable linear regressions were used between AC and ULV. Results:All the correlated coefficients between AC and In(ULV) were above 0.959 (P < 0.001). For linear equations, the R2 > 0.90. The consistency of diagnoses of BCRL with AC and ULV were above 90% (Kappa > 0.492, P < 0.001). Conclusions:AC and ULV are consistent in measurement of BCRL. AC is reliable and easier.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777246

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effects of (resolving stasis, promoting collateral circulation) moxibustion on learning and memory ability and the expressions of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and tyrosine kinase B (TrkB) in the rats of vascular dementia (VD) in the microenvironment of neurovascular niche.@*METHODS@#Using 2-vessel occlusion (2-VO), the VD rat models were duplicated. The neural stem cells (NSCs) labeled with lentiviral vector-mediated enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) were co-cultured with endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) to structure the NSCs + EPCs implant. The implant was transplanted into the lateral ventricle of VD rats and the VD rat models with neurovascular niche were established. In No.1 experiment, the successful-modeled rats were divided into 3 groups, i.e. a NSCs + EPCs moxibustion group, a NSCs + EPCs blank group and a model group, 12 rats in each one. No any treatment was provided in the model group and the NSCs + EPCs blank group. The moxibustion therapy was adopted in the NSCs + EPCs moxibustion group, in which, the suspending moxibustion technique was applied to "Baihui" (GV 20), "Dazhui" (GV 14) and "Shenting" (GV 24), 20 min at each acupoint. The treatment was given once every day and a 14-day treatment was as one course. Totally, 3 courses of treatment were required. At the end of treatment, Morris water maze experiment was adopted to determine the learning and memory ability of the rats in each group. In the No.2 experiment, the model rats were divided into 3 groups, a NSCs + EPCs moxibustion group, a NSCs + EPCs blank group and a model group, 18 rats in each one. In each group, according to the durations of treatment, 3 subgroups were divided and 6 rats in each one. The intervention method was same as the No.1 experiment. Additionally, after corresponding treatment course, using perfusion, the brains were collected in each subgroup and the slices were frozen. BDNF/TrkB expressions were observed in the immunofluorescence test.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, in the NSCs + EPCs moxibustion group, the escape incubation was reduced, the time of the first running-cross platform was shortened and the frequency of running-cross platform increased as compared with the model group and the NSCs + EPCs blank group (<0.01, <0.05). The protein expressions were increased in tendency among the 3 courses of treatment in the NSCs + EPCs moxibustion group, indicating the significant differences (all <0.05), in which, the increase of the protein expressions in the NSCs + EPCs moxibustion group was better than the NSCs + EPCs blank group (<0.05, <0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The moxibustion therapy is the effective approach to VD in clinical treatment. This therapy up-regulates the BDNF/TrkB protein expressions in the microenvironment of neurovascular niche, co-modulates NSCs-EPCs coupling mechanism, promotes nerve neogenesis and repairs the injured nerve.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Metabolism , Complement Factor B , Dementia, Vascular , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hippocampus , Moxibustion , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2601-2611, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803154

ABSTRACT

Background@#In consideration of characteristics and functions, extra-cellular signal-regulated protein kinase 5 (ERK5) signaling pathway could be a new target for spinal cord injury (SCI) treatment. Our study aimed to evaluate the roles of ERK5 signaling pathway in secondary damage of SCI.@*Methods@#We randomly divided 70 healthy Wistar rats into five groups: ten in the blank group, 15 in the sham surgery + BIX02188 (sham + B) group, 15 in the sham surgery + dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO; sham + D) group, 15 in the SCI + BIX02188 (SCI + B) group, and 15 in the SCI + DMSO (SCI + D) group. BIX02188 is a specific inhibitor of the ERK5 signaling pathway. SCI was induced by the application of vascular clips (with the force of 30 g) to the dura on T10 level, while rats in the sham surgery group underwent only T9-T11 laminectomy. BIX02188 or DMSO was intra-thecally injected at 1, 6, and 12 h after surgery or SCI. Spinal cord samples were taken for testing at 24 h after surgery or SCI.@*Results@#Expression of phosphorylated-ERK5 (p-ERK5) significantly increased after SCI. Application of BIX02188 indeed inhibited ERK5 signaling pathway and reduced the degree of spinal cord tissue injury, neutrophil infiltration and proinflammatory cytokine expression, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation and apoptosis (measured by TdT-mediated 2′-deoxyuridine 5′-triphosphate nickend labeling, expression of Fas-ligand, BCL2-associated X [Bax], and B-cell lymphoma-2 [Bcl-2]). Double immunofluorescence revealed activation of ERK5 in neurons and microglia after SCI.@*Conclusion@#ERK5 signaling pathway was activated in spinal neurons and microglia, contributing to secondary injury of SCI. Moreover, inhibition of ERK5 signaling pathway could alleviate the degree of SCI, which might be related to its regulation of infiltration of inflammatory cells and release of inflammatory cytokines, expression of NF-κB and cell apoptosis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801990

ABSTRACT

Cerebral hemorrhage, also known as hemorrhagic stroke, refers to non-traumatic intracerebral hemorrhage. Cerebral hemorrhage is a common and frequently-occurring disease in middle-aged and elderly people. It has the characteristics of high mortality and high disability rate. Most survivors have serious neurological deficits, which seriously threaten human health and quality of life.The pathological process of cerebral hemorrhage is more complicated, including the formation and expansion of hematoma, elevated intracranial pressure, destruction of blood-brain barrier, brain edema, neuronal apoptosis and neurological dysfunction.At present, the main methods for treating cerebral hemorrhage by western medicine include antiplatelet therapy, blood pressure reduction and hematoma surgery. However, it is usually accompanied by the risk of rebleeding caused by surgery, infection, nerve damage and insufficient effective perfusion pressure. Chinese medicine believes that blood stasis and endogenous fever are the most basic pathogenesis of acute cerebral hemorrhage. The previous studies found that many traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) can improve blood-brain barrier damage, brain edema, neuronal apoptosis and neurological dysfunction related to cerebral hemorrhage to reduce cerebral hemorrhage injury. Main signal transduction pathways regulated by TCM to treat cerebral hemorrhageinclude Aquaporin 4(AQP4)-related, phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase/protein kinase B(PI3K/Akt), nuclear factor kappa B(NF-κB),suppressor protein 53/Bcl-2-associated X protein/Caspase-3(p53/Bax/Caspase-3)molecular pathways, etc.In this paper, based on the current Chinese medicine to improve the brain damage caused by cerebral hemorrhage and the molecular pathway of intervention, it reviews the research progress published in foreign journals in the past ten years, in order to provide clues and reference for the treatment of hemorrhagic stroke diseases and and the further development of new drugs.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773566

ABSTRACT

The steroidal saponins are one of the saponin types that exist in an unbound state and have various pharmacological activities, such as anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antibacterial and nerves-calming properties. Cancer is a growing health problem worldwide. Significant progress has been made to understand the antitumor effects of steroidal saponins in recent years. According to reported findings, steroidal saponins exert various antitumor activities, such as inhibiting proliferation, inducing apoptosis and autophagy, and regulating the tumor microenvironment, through multiple related signaling pathways. This article focuses on the advances in domestic and foreign studies on the antitumor activity and mechanism of actions of steroidal saponins in the last five years to provide a scientific basis and research ideas for further development and clinical application of steroidal saponins.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Saponins , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Steroids , Chemistry , Pharmacology
17.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 730-733, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818053

ABSTRACT

Objective Erythroderma is a very serious disease that affects nearly the entire cutaneous surface and are highly subjected to secondary hypoalbuminemia, infection, cardiovascular diseases, complex causes and high death rates. The article aimed to explore the etiology, comorbidities and complicated infection of erythroderma.Methods Retrospective analysis was conducted on clinical data of 95 cases of erythroderma in our department from January 2009 to August 2016. Observations were made on the patients' clinical characteristics, etiology and inducement, lab examination, complications and complicated infection.Results There were 73 first-episode and 22 recurrent patients, among which 14 cases are psoriasis as the basic disease. As to etiological factors, there were 57 cases secondary to other skin diseases (60%) and 25 cases by drug reactions (26%). As to inducing factors, there were 6 cases by upper respiratory tract infection, 38 cases by irrational application of glucocorticoids, and 7 cases by external stimulants (traditional Chinese medicine scrubbing and external medicinal liquor). The main complications were 38 cases of cardiovascular diseases (40%). The complicated infection rates of plasma albumin in patients <35g/L and ≥35g/L were 65.78% and 12.28%(P<0.01). The complicated infection rates of the patients with hypoalbuminemia and electrolyte disturbance were 44.2% and 25% respectively (P<0.05).Conclusion The erythroderma is mainly secondary to previous skin diseases, mostly psoriasis, with cardiovascular diseases as the main comorbidities. In clinical practice, importance should be attached to monitoring decreased plasma albumin level and electrolyte disturbances in order to reduce the risk of infection.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812355

ABSTRACT

The steroidal saponins are one of the saponin types that exist in an unbound state and have various pharmacological activities, such as anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antibacterial and nerves-calming properties. Cancer is a growing health problem worldwide. Significant progress has been made to understand the antitumor effects of steroidal saponins in recent years. According to reported findings, steroidal saponins exert various antitumor activities, such as inhibiting proliferation, inducing apoptosis and autophagy, and regulating the tumor microenvironment, through multiple related signaling pathways. This article focuses on the advances in domestic and foreign studies on the antitumor activity and mechanism of actions of steroidal saponins in the last five years to provide a scientific basis and research ideas for further development and clinical application of steroidal saponins.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Saponins , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Steroids , Chemistry , Pharmacology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773808

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of hydrogen sulfide (HS) on the negatively regulation of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and the relationship between the effect of HS with miRNA-133a-mediated Ca/calcineurin/NFATc4 signal pathway.@*METHODS@#Cardiomyocyte hypertrophy was induced by isoproterenol (ISO). The cell surface area was measured by image analysis system (Leica). The expression of brain natriuretic peptide(BNP), β-myosin heavy chain(β-MHC), cystathionase (CSE), miRNA-133a, calcineurin (CaN) were detected by qRT-PCR. The protein expressions of CaN、nuclear factors of activated T cells (NFATc4) were detected by Western blot. The concentration of HS in the cardiomyocyte was detected by Elisa. The concentration of intracellular calcium was measured by calcium imaging using confocal microscope. The nuclear translocation of NFATc4 was checked by immuno-fluorescence cell staining technique.@*RESULTS@#①The level of system of CSE/HS and expression of miRNA-133a were significantly reduced in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Pretreatment with NaHS increased the concentration of HS and the expression of miRNA-133a mRNA in cardiomyocytes, and suppressed cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. ②The concentration of intracellular calcium, the expression of CaN and nulear protein NFATc4 were significantly increased, and the nuclear translocation of NFATc4 were obviously enhanced in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. NaHS pretreatment markedly inhibited these effects of ISO induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. ③Application of antagomir-133a reversed the inhibitory effects of NaHS on cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, and increased the influx of intracellular calcium, and elevated the expression of CaN and nuclear protein NFATc4, and enhanced the nuclear translocation of NFATc4.@*CONCLUSIONS@#HS can negatively regulate cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. The effects might be associated with HS increasing expression of miRNA-133a and inhibiting inactivation of Ca/calcineurin/NFATc4 signal pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcineurin , Metabolism , Cardiomegaly , Metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Cystathionine gamma-Lyase , Metabolism , Hydrogen Sulfide , Metabolism , MicroRNAs , Metabolism , Myocytes, Cardiac , Metabolism , Myosin Heavy Chains , Metabolism , NFATC Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Metabolism , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Metabolism , Rats , Signal Transduction
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699614

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective effects of Toona sinensis leaf extract on the retina of rats with high-fat diet and the expression of B-cell lymphoma (Bcl-2) and Bcl-2 associated x protein (Bax).Methods Together 24 male SD rats were randomly divided into normal group (N group),hyperlipidemia model group (HF group) and hyperlipidemia model + toona sinensis leaf extract (HF + TSLE group),and then hyperlipidemia model was induced by fed high-fat diet in the latter two groups;after 8 weeks,the model was confirmed to be successful,and the rats in HF + TSLE group were fed with TSLE solution for 4 weeks continuously,and rats in N group and HF group were given the same dose of physiological saline.At the end of the twelfth week,all rats were followed by the examination of flash electroretinogram (FERG),serum lipid total cholesterol (TC),triglyceride (TG),low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C).Then,HE staining was performed in the retinas,the expression of Bcl-2 and Bax was detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting for the analysis of the correlation between the expression level of apoptotic protein Bax and the abnormal function of FERG.Results In HF group,the content of HDL-C decreased,and the contents of TC,TG and LDL-C were higher than those in N group,and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05).The contents of TC,TG and LDL-C in HF + TSLE group were lower than those in HF group,but the content of HDL-C was significantly increased,and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05).The content of HDL-C in HF + TSLE group was lower than that in N group,while the contents of TC,TG and LDL-C were higher than those in N group,and the differences were not statistically significant (all P >0.05).The difference of a wave latency between the three groups was statistically significant (P < 0.05),and the latency of a wave in HF group was longer than that in N group,while HF + TSLE group was shorter than HF group,and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05),but HF + TSLE group was longer than N group,and the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05).Moreover,there was no significant difference in the incubation period of b wave in the three groups (P > 0.05);and there was no significant difference in the amplitude of a wave and b wave in the three groups (all P > 0.05).In addition,HF group had lower expression level of Bcl-2 and overexpression of Bax than N group.The expression level of Bcl-2 increased and Bax expression level decreased significantly in HF + TSLE group,and the expression level of Bax was positively correlated with the latency of a wave and b wave (all P < 0.05),but was not correlated with amplitude of a wave and b wave (all P > 0.05).Conclusion TSLE has an important role in the retina of rats with abnormal lipid metabolism,and it may play a protective role by regulating the expression of Bcl-2 and Bax.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL