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1.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 208-213, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804907

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the molecular mechanism of down-regulation of monocarboxylic acid transporter 1 (MCT1) on the proliferation inhibition of glioma cell.@*Methods@#siMCT1, siMCT4 and negative control siRNA were transfected into glioma cell lines including U-251 and U-87. The proliferation activities of U-251 and U-87 cells were detected by 3-(4, 5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2H tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and clonogenic assay. Glucose consumption and lactic acid efflux of U-251 and U-87 cells were determined by spectrophotometry.Western blot was used to detect the expressions of MCT1, MCT4, human glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1), GLUT4, tuberous sclerosis associated protein (TSC2), p-TSC2, 4E binding protein 1 (4EBP1), p-4EBP1, ribosomal S6 protein kinase (S6) and p-S6 protein in U-251 and U-87 cells.@*Results@#Compared with negative control group, siMCT1 and siMCT4 significantly inhibited the expressions of MCT1 and MCT4 protein in U-251 and U-87 cells (both P<0.05). However, only knockdown of MCT1, the proliferation activities of U-251 and U-87 cells significantly decreased (P<0.05). The clone formation rates of U-251 and U-87 cells decreased to (55.20±3.27)% and (68.33±4.58) %, respectively (P<0.05). The glucose consumption of U-251 and U-87 cells in the negative control group at 72 hours were (82.65±6.66) pmol/L and (63.33±5.27) pmol/L, respectively, significantly higher than (31.70±3.17) pmol/L and (26.41±3.19) pmol/L of the siMCT1 transfected group (P<0.05). The extracellular lactate flow of U-251 and U-87 cells in negative control group at 72 h were (155.49±8.15) mmol/L and (135.37±8.21) mmol/L, respectively, significantly higher than (42.69±4.66) mmol/L and (38.91±4.83) mmol/L of the siMCT1 transfected group (P<0.05). Western blot analysis showed that knockdown of MCT1 significantly decreased the protein levels of GLUT1 p-TSC2, p-4EBP1 and p-S6 in U-251 and U-87 cells.@*Conclusions@#Downregulation of MCT1 expression can inhibit the proliferation of glioma cells. Deletion of MCT1 inhibits the glycolysis and metabolism of glioma cells through regulating the mTOR signaling pathway.

2.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 830-836, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800734

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To summarize the clinical and genetic features of β-propeller protein-associated neurodegeneration (BPAN).@*Methods@#The clinical data of 17 patients with BPAN with WDR45 gene variants were retrospectively collected at Children’s Hospital of Fudan University, Peking University First Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University and Shanghai Children's Hospital from June 2016 to December 2018, and their clinical manifestations, electroencephalogram, neuroimaging and genetics were analyzed.@*Results@#Seventeen cases (13 females, 4 males), aged 1.1-8.8 years, were included. The median age of seizure onset was 14.5 months, from 3 months to 24 months of age, manifested with epileptic spasm in 6 cases and focal seizures in 5 cases. Eight patients had only one seizure type and 8 patients had two or more seizure types. Nine patients had complete remission of seizures. All 16 patients with seizures had developmental delay before the seizure onset, of whom 13 patients had moderate to severe seizures. The brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was abnormal in 13 patients, including cerebral atrophy (10 cases) and thinning of the corpus callosum (9 cases). The brain magnetic susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) in preschool stage showed prominent T2 hypointense signals in bilateral globus pallidus and brainstem ventral in two cases. Five seizure types (spasm, focal, absence, myodonic and generalized tonic clonic seizures)were found on ictal electroencephalogram(EEG) recordings. Compared to female patients(17(6-24) months of ege), male cases had earlier seizure onset (3, 4, 5, 18 months of age) . All patients had de novo variations in WDR45(6 nonsense, 4 frameshift, 3 missense and 4 splicing variations), with hemizygous variants in 3 males, mosaic variants in a male and heterozygous variants in 13 females, within which 5 variations had not been reported (c.977-1C>T,c.976+1G>C,c.10C>T,c.806del and c.110T>C).@*Conclusions@#The patients with BPAN have profound developmental delay and are vulnerable to seizures. The male patients with BPAN tend to have more severer clinical phenotype than females. Early brain SWI could facilitate the timely diagnosis of this disease.

3.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 4805-4806,4809, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664246

ABSTRACT

Objective To screen the incidence of transient hypertension in conventional hypertensive management population of hypertension and analysis it's related etiology and constituent ratio.Methods People who met the diagnosis of hypertension were selected from inpatient and outpatient of this department.All patients were followed up for 2 months of home blood pressure monitoring,if the patients who were normal when monitoring home blood pressure were included in the trial and symptomatic hypertension was excluded.Results Three hundred of patients met the diagnostic criteria for hypertension,46 cases (15.3%) met the standard of transient hypertension,the etiology and constituent ratio of transient hypertension in the observed cases were as follows:25 cases (54.3%) of anxiety and depression,8 cases (17.4%) of acute cerebrovascular disease,7 cases (15.2%) of sleep disorders,4 cases(8.7%) of a variety of head and face pain,1 (2.2%)case of epilepsy tonic clonus,1 (2.2%)case of vertigo.Conclusion The application of interactive management of home blood pressure measurement is particularly helpful for screening patients with transient hypertension,and it can timely avoid excessive anti-hypertensive treatment.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608111

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of internet-based cognitive behavior therapy (CBT-I) on blood pressure in patients with hypertension comorbid with insomnia.Methods One hundred and six patients met the JNC-8 diagnostic criteria for hypertension and DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for insomnia were selected,and randomly assigned to CBT-I group (n=53) and regular treatment group (n=53).All the patients accepted relevant treatment for 8 consecutive weeks.Changes of systolic blood pressure (SBP),diastolic blood pressure (DBP),the sleep parameters and the anxiety and depression levels were observed between baseline and 8 weeks of follow-up.Results Compared with pre-treatment,SBP and DBP decreased significantly in both CBT-I group and regular treatment group (P<0.01),the decrease was more significant in CBT-I group than in regular treatment group (P<0.01).The sleep latency,sleep efficiency,bed time and rating anxiety scale were improved more significantly in CBT-I group than in regular treatment group (44.49 ± 22.75min vs.55.50 ± 34.96min;72.31% ± 9.15% vs.57.70% ± 11.53%;302.65 ± 43.76min vs.262.70 ± 50.64min and 17.14 ± 6.45 vs.21.02 ± 6.64,respectively),the differences were of statistical significance (P<0.05).In addition,no significant difference was found in the level of depression between CBT-I group and regular treatment group.Conclusion CBT-I can effectively shorten sleep latency,improve sleep efficiency,extend bed time and improve anxiety,meanwhile effectively lower the blood pressure of patients with hypertension comorbid with insomnia by optimizing sleep quality.

5.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1218-1223, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617598

ABSTRACT

Oxaliplatin, a third-generation platinum-based compound with significant activity against tumors, has become pivotal for the therapy of cancer after cisplatin and carboplatin.The digestive tract reaction, myelosuppression and nephrotoxicity have been alleviated, however, oxaliplatin induced neurotoxicity occurs prominently.Therefore, how to effectively eliminate and prevent chemotherapy-induced side and toxic effects becomes a great challenge for oncologists.plenty of evidence has hinted that combination of Chinese herbal medicine and oxaliplatin can not only reduce the toxicity, but also improve the actual efficacy, clinical research and experimental researches on increasing off cacy and decresing foxcity of Chinese herbal medicine combined with oxali-platin in the treatment of cancer in recent years were rewewed.to provide reference for the clinical use of oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy regimen.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483474

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effects of different spleen-strengthening recipes on water-electrolyte metabolism and water transport in rat model of spleen-deficiency syndrome. Methods The male Wistar rats were randomly assigned into the normal group and spleen-deficiency model group. The rat model of spleen-deficiency was established by overstrain plus disordered diet method. On the 15th modeling day, the model rats were randomly assigned into model group , Buzhong Yiqi Tang(BYT) group, Si Junzi Tang(SJT) group, Shenling Baizhu San(SBS) group, and the rats except for the model group were treated with gastric gavage of the corresponding medicine in the dosage of 4.05 g·kg-1·d-1. Rats of normal group and model group were given equal volume of normal saline. The medication lasted for 14 days. On the 29th experimental day, we detected serum Na+ and K+, plasma antidiuretic hormone(ADH) and aldosterone(ALD), aquaporin 3(AQP3) in the small intestine and colon, and renal AQP2. Results Compared with the normal group, plasma ADH and ALD levels, serum Na+ level, renal AQP2 content in the model rats were increased significantly, serum K+ and AQP3 content of small intestine and colon mucosa was decreased significantly(P<0.01). Compared with the model group, plasma ADH and ALD levels, serum Na+ level, renal AQP2 content in the three medication groups were decreased significantly, serum K+level and AQP3 in the small intestine and descending colon mucosa was increased significantly(P<0.05 or P<0.01). Of the three medication groups, SBS group had lower ADH, ALD, Na+levels, and higher serum K+level and AQP3 in the small intestine and descending colon mucosa than BYT group and SJT group(P<0.01); SBS group and BYT group had lower renal AQP2 than SJT group(P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusion Rat model with spleen-deficiency syndrome has disordered water-electrolyte metabolism and abnormal water transport. The spleen-strengthening recipes, which have the actions of strengthening spleen, strengthening spleen to drain dampness, strengthening spleen to elevate yang, can improve the disorder of water metabolism to some degrees, and SBS has the best effect.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498476

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical significance of improving the goal attainment rate by management of timely feedback of hypertension patients, which is carried out by using existing communication network. Methods Totally 423 hypertension patients who were hospitalized for treatment in Daping Hospital from Jan. 2012 to Jan 2013, the random numbers table was used to randomize the patients into 2 groups: control group (212 cases) and experiment group (211cases), the conventional treatment was used in control group. Besides the conventional treatment measures, the modern way of communication and network information platform was used by patients who timely feed back the blood pressure changing, and implement the cognitive treatment of hypertension at the same time in the experiment group. The Chi square test was used to compare the patient's medication compliance, the attainment rate and so on , the t test was used to compare the blood pressure in two groups of patients after the intervention. Results At the end of the intervention, the difference of heavy salt diet (reduced to 16.59%), regularly drinking (reduced to 13.74%), heavy sugar diet (reduced to 10.43%), abnormal blood lipid (reduced to 19.91%), smoking (reduced to 27.96%), the number of people who have a stable mood (up to 91.47%), body mass index (reduced to 29.38%) and exercise at ordinary times (reduced to 36.02%) were statistically significant (P< 0.05). Hypertension patients compliance increased significantly, of which the medical behavior of 84.83%, compared with 13.21%in the control group, there was statistically significant difference (χ 2=8.54,P< 0.05). And the awareness, treatment, success rate of blood pressure control were 94.79%, 84.36%, 82.94% in experimental group and 50.94%, 40.09%, 27.83% in control group, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion Use of the existing information interaction platform in order to strengthen the management of the blood pressure of hypertension patients and related cognitive behavioral intervention, the control of risk factors and treatment compliance have improved significantly. The remote interaction platform used to patients with hypertension management improve the attainment rate of high blood pressure.

8.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1421-1424, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468508

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of puerarin for prevention of brain injury in the patients undergoing open heart surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB).Methods Thirty ASA physical status Ⅲ patients of both sexes,aged 50-64 yr,weighing 50-75 kg,scheduled for elective cardiac valve replacement under general anesthesia,were randomly divided into 2 groups (n =15 each) using a random number table:control group(group C) and puerarin group (group P).Puerarin 400 mg was infused intravenously over 30 min immediately at skin incision in group P and the equal volume of 5% glucose-sodium chloride injection was given in group C.Before induction of anesthesia (T0),at 30 min of CPB (T1),immediately after aortic unclamping (T2),and at 6,12 and 24 h after termination of CPB (T3.5),blood samples were collected from the jugular venous bulb for determination of the plasma concentration of neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and S-100 β protein.P300 eventrelated potential latency and amplitude were determined and cognitive function was assessed by Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score at 1 day before surgery and 7 days after surgery.The patients were diagnosed as having post-operative cognitive dysfunction when MMSE score before surgery-MMSE score after surgery ≥ 2,or when M MSE score≤ 24.Results Compared with group C,the concentrations of plasma NSE and S-100 β protein were significantly decreased at T15,and P300 event-related potential latency was shortened,P300 event-related potential amplitude was increased,and the incidence of postoperative cognitive dysfunction was decreased at 7 days after operation in group P.Conclusion Puerarin can prevent the brain injury in the patients undergoing open heart surgery under CPB.

9.
Chinese Health Economics ; (12): 93-94, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-440470

ABSTRACT

The charge management of medical consumables is the difficulty and weakness of price management in medical institutions. The establishment and application of the secondary database management system has realized precise management for materials fees. It has positive significance in ensuring the quality of medical charge and proving awareness and ability of cost management for departments.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432015

ABSTRACT

Objective To research the effects of progressive time phase selective light (PTPSL)therapy on shift work disorder patients.Methods 24 shift work disorder patients were randomlv divided into PTPSL group and control group.Both groups received treatment for 12 days including 6 days during the night shift time and 6 days during the day shift time continuously.The clinical effects were evaluated by Karolinska Sleepiness Scale (KSS),Leeds sleep evaluation questionnaire (LSEQ) and core body temperature rhythm.Results (1) During the night shift time,PTPSL group patients were better in score LSEQ and KSS(discerned for 39.80 ± 2.89,6.59 ±0.48) than control group' s(discerned for 36.86 ± 3.88,6.98 ± 2.03) ; temperature curve peak phase in PTPSL group moved backward greater than that of control group((8.35 ± 0.82) h vs (7.45 ± 1.05) h) ; and the difference was statistical significance(P < 0.05).During the day shift time,PTPSL group patients were better in score LSEQ and KSS(discerned for 45.57 ± 2.77,6.33 ± 0.48) than control group' s (discerned for 40.35 ± 4.19,6.82 ± 1.03),temperature curve peak phase in PTPSL group moved forward greater than that of control group((7.37 ± 0.94)h vs (6.31 ±1.37)h),and the difference was statistical significance(P<0.05).Conclusion PTPSL can adjust shift sleep disorder patients' mussily sleep rhythm system in order,and make the inner rhythm svstem and external schedules tend to be consistent,and provides a new treatment choice for shift sleep disorders.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343160

ABSTRACT

The effects of vasectomy on the reproductive organs in various species are controversial. This study investigated the morphological change and apoptosis of the testis, epididymis, and vas deferens in beagle dogs 12 months after vasectomy. The male beagles were divided into two groups: vasectomized and sham-operated groups (n=5 in each). Histopathological, ultrastructural, and TUNEL evaluation of the changes in the testis, epididymis, and ductus deferens of each animal were conducted 12 months after surgery. The mean lumen diameter, cellular thickness, mean interstitial distance, and lumen area fraction of each seminiferous tubule and ductus epididymis were measured by stereological analysis. The results showed that, compared with the sham-operated group, the seminiferous tubular epithelial cells of the testes in the vasectomized group were disorderly arranged and scattered. Significant atrophy and apoptosis were found in the endothelial cells, and a range of ultrastructural variations were observed in the cells of testes, epididymis, and vas deferens in vasectomized group. It was concluded that complete obstruction of the vas deferens as a traditional contraception method is not absolutely safe in terms of the reversal of fertility in the long run. Techniques of relieving the inner pressure in the vas deferens while maintaining the efficacy of male contraception need to be explored.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Epididymis , General Surgery , Male , Testis , General Surgery , Vasectomy
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636657

ABSTRACT

The effects of vasectomy on the reproductive organs in various species are controversial. This study investigated the morphological change and apoptosis of the testis, epididymis, and vas deferens in beagle dogs 12 months after vasectomy. The male beagles were divided into two groups: vasectomized and sham-operated groups (n=5 in each). Histopathological, ultrastructural, and TUNEL evaluation of the changes in the testis, epididymis, and ductus deferens of each animal were conducted 12 months after surgery. The mean lumen diameter, cellular thickness, mean interstitial distance, and lumen area fraction of each seminiferous tubule and ductus epididymis were measured by stereological analysis. The results showed that, compared with the sham-operated group, the seminiferous tubular epithelial cells of the testes in the vasectomized group were disorderly arranged and scattered. Significant atrophy and apoptosis were found in the endothelial cells, and a range of ultrastructural variations were observed in the cells of testes, epididymis, and vas deferens in vasectomized group. It was concluded that complete obstruction of the vas deferens as a traditional contraception method is not absolutely safe in terms of the reversal of fertility in the long run. Techniques of relieving the inner pressure in the vas deferens while maintaining the efficacy of male contraception need to be explored.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317450

ABSTRACT

To investigate the safety, feasibility and effectiveness of transrectal high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) in the ablation of canine prostate, 20 dogs were divided randomly into 5 groups.Sixteen canine prostates were treated with the third-generation transrectal HIFU device (Sonablate-500 TM). Transrectal ultrasound images of the prostate and prostatic urethra were observed preoperatively and postoperatively. Serial study was performed 30 min, 30 days, 60 days and 180 days after the therapy. The rectum, periprostatic tissues, and prostate were excised en bloc and the tissues were fixed for gross and histological analysis. Our results showed that the average maximal diameter of prostatic urethra was 0.59±0.11 cm before the operation and 2.57±0.98 cm 60 days after the operation. The volume of prostate was 6.5±3.12 cm3 before the treatment while the volume was 4.13±0.23 cm3 60 days after the treatment and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05).Histologically, there was a clear demarcation between the necrotic area of the treated tissues and the unaffected surrounding tissues. All the necrotic tissues in the targeted zone broke off and the prostatic urethra became cavitary 60 days later. The more frequent complications were urinary retention and frequency and hematuria. No rectal injury occurred during the treatment. It is concluded that the third-generation transrectal HIFU is capable of destroying prostatic tissue, substantially increasing the width of the prostatic urethra without causing injury to the adjacent tissues. The risk of postoperative complications associated with HIFU was low. HIFU may become a safe, effective and minimally invasive alternative for the treatment of prostatic diseases..

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238666

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the safety and efficacy of transrectal high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), serial studies were conducted in 150 BPH pa- tients before and 30 min, 1, 2, 6 and 12 month(s) after Sonablate-500TM HIFU treatment. A sili- con-coated indwelling 16F latex catheter was placed during the determination of the therapy zone. Preoperative and postoperative evaluations were made by using the international prostate symptom score (IPSS), quality of life (QOL), uroflowmetric findings and transrectal ultrasound, and incidence of complications. The cystourethrography was done in 23 patients within 1 year postoperatively. The results showed that after HIFU treatment, IPSS and QOL scores were significantly decreased at 1, 2, 6 and 12 month(s) (P<0.01). Maximum urine flow rate (6.0 to 17.2 mL/s, P<0.01), PVR (75.0 to 30.3,P<0.01) and prostatic volume (65.0 to 38.1 mL, P<0.05) were significantly improved 12 months after the operation. Recurrent urinary retention (n=2) and urethrorectal fistula (n=1) occurred at the 15th postoperative day. The duration of the HIFU prostate ablation was 25-90 rain. The mean time for an indwelling catheter was 3-19 days. These data demonstrate that treatment of BPH with Sonab- late-500TM HIFU is safe and effective.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634556

ABSTRACT

To investigate the safety, feasibility and effectiveness of transrectal high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) in the ablation of canine prostate, 20 dogs were divided randomly into 5 groups. Sixteen canine prostates were treated with the third-generation transrectal HIFU device (Sonablate-500). Transrectal ultrasound images of the prostate and prostatic urethra were observed preoperatively and postoperatively. Serial study was performed 30 min, 30 days, 60 days and 180 days after the therapy. The rectum, periprostatic tissues, and prostate were excised en bloc and the tissues were fixed for gross and histological analysis. Our results showed that the average maximal diameter of prostatic urethra was 0.59+/-0.11 cm before the operation and 2.57+/-0.98 cm 60 days after the operation. The volume of prostate was 6.5+/-3.12 cm(3) before the treatment while the volume was 4.13+/-0.23 cm(3) 60 days after the treatment and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Histologically, there was a clear demarcation between the necrotic area of the treated tissues and the unaffected surrounding tissues. All the necrotic tissues in the targeted zone broke off and the prostatic urethra became cavitary 60 days later. The more frequent complications were urinary retention and frequency and hematuria. No rectal injury occurred during the treatment. It is concluded that the third-generation transrectal HIFU is capable of destroying prostatic tissue, substantially increasing the width of the prostatic urethra without causing injury to the adjacent tissues. The risk of postoperative complications associated with HIFU was low. HIFU may become a safe, effective and minimally invasive alternative for the treatment of prostatic diseases.

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