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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2628-2631, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817493

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the improvement effects of fibrinolytic enzyme from Sipunculus nudus (SNFE) on hemorheology disorder and vascular endothelium injury in naked acute blood stasis model rats. METHODS: SD rats were randomly divided into control group, model group, aspirin group (100 mg/kg) and SNFE high-dose and low-dose groups (2 500, 5 000     U/kg), with 10 rats in each group. They were given relevant medicine intragastrically once a day, for consecutive 7 d. One hour after the 6th day of administration, except for control group, other groups were given adrenaline hydrochloride 0.8 mg/kg subcutaneously, and then the acute blood stasis model was induced by ice-water bath. Blood was collected from abdominal aorta 2 h after the next day. Blood rheological parameters such as whole blood viscosity (high, medium and low shear rate), plasma viscosity, hematocrit, erythrocyte aggregation index and erythrocyte deformability index were measured by automatic rheometer. The contents of NO and ET-1 in plasma and their ratio were determined by ELISA, and the damaged degree of vascular endothelium were observed by HE staining. RESULTS: Compared with control group, whole blood viscosity of high, medium and low-shear rate, plasma viscosity, erythrocyte aggregation index and ET-1 content were increased significantly in model group, while erythrocyte deformability index, NO content and NO/ET-1 ratio were decreased significantly, with statistical significance (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with model group, whole blood viscosity of high, medium and low-shear rate, plasma viscosity, hematocrit, erythrocyte aggregation index and ET-1 content were decreased significantly in SNFE high-dose groups. Erythrocyte deformability index, NO content and NO/ET-1 ratio were increased significantly, with statistical significance (P<0.05 or P<0.01). In SNFE low-dose group, erythrocyte deformability index and NO/ET-1 ratio were increased significantly, while ET-1 content was decreased significantly, with statistical significance (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Vascular endothelial staining showed that compared with control group, the structure of aorta layers in model group was loose and disordered, the endothelial defect was incomplete, the vacuoles increased, and the endothelial damage was obvious. The endothelium of rats in each administration group was damaged to varying degrees, but the degree of injury was lighter than in model group. CONCLUSIONS: SNFE can improve hemorheological abnormalities and vascular endothelial injury in rats with acute blood stasis.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2628-2631, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620741

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the effects of spirulina kinase(SPK)on the vascular endothelial function of model rats with atherosclerosis. METHODS:60 rats were randomly divided into normal control group(distilled water),model group(distilled wa-ter),positive control group(simvastatin,0.005 g/kg)and SPK low-dose,medium-dose,high-dose groups(80,160,320 U/kg). Except for normal control group,rats in other groups were induced for model of atherosclerosis. All groups were intragastrically ad-ministrated relevant medicines at the same time,once a day for consecutive 12 weeks. Total cholesterol(TC),triglyceride(TG), low density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C),high density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C),interleukin-6(IL-6),tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) contents in serum of rats were measured. And the changes of thoracic aortic endothelium morphology were ob-served by HE staining. RESULTS:Compared with normal control group,TC,TG,LDL-C,IL-6,TNF-α contents in serum of rats in model group were increased(P<0.01),HDL-C content in serum was decreased(P<0.01);vascular endothelial cells fell off, intimal proliferation projected into the lumen,smooth muscle cell proliferated and disordered,medium film elastic fiber disintegrat-ed and fractured. Compared with model group,TC,TG,LDL-C,IL-6,TNF-α contents in serum of rats in administration groups were decreased(P<0.05 or P<0.01),HDL-C content in positive control group and SPK medium-dose,high-dose groups was in-creased (P<0.05). Vascular endothelial cell morphology was improved significantly in administration groups,in which,vascular endothelial cells were structurally intact in SPK medium-dose,high-dose groups,inner membrane was basically smooth;medium smooth muscle cells arranged slightly disordered in SPK medium-dose group. Compared with normal control group,there were no obvious changes. CONCLUSIONS:SPK shows obvious lipid-lowering and anti-inflammatory effects,it can protect vascular endo-thelial function. The mechanism may be related to reducing TC,TG,LDL-C,HDL-C,IL-6,TNF-αcontents and increasing HDL-C content in serum.

3.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 5047-5048,5051, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664997

ABSTRACT

Objective In this study ,the effect of Spirulina kinase(SPK)on hemorheology ,platelet aggregation and cAMP in acute blood stasis rats model were investigated .Methods Forty SD rats were randomly divided into normal control group ,model group ,aspirin group and the high and low dose of SPK groups .All treatments were performed by gavage once a day for 7 days .Sub-cutaneous injection of adrenalin combined with ice water bath were used to establish the acute blood stasis rat model .The whole blood viscosity ,plasma viscosity ,red blood cell hematocrit (Hct) ,erythrocyte aggregation index (EAI) ,red blood cell deformation index(DI)anderythrocyterigidityindex(ERI)weredetectedbyautomaticbloodflow speedanalyzer .Meanwhile,thelevelofcAMP was detected by ELISA method .Rat platelet aggregation induced by ADP and the maximum aggregation rate was measured by tur-bidimetry .Results Results showed that SPK could significantly decrease the whole blood viscosity ,plasma viscosity ,Hct ,EAI and platelet aggregation rate ,increase the level of cAMP compared with model group(P<0 .05) ,but had no effect on DI and ERI .Con-clusion SPK can markedly improve the abnormal changes of hemorheology in acute blood stasis rats and inhibit the platelet aggregation .

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3938-3941, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662036

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the anti-coagulation effect and mechanism of fibrinolytic enzyme SNFE in sipuculus nudus, and provide reference for further development of SNFE. METHODS:40 mice were randomly divided into blank control group(nor-mal saline),Xueshuantong group(positive control,15 mg/kg)and SNFE low-dose,high-dose group(15,30 mg/kg),10 in each group. After intravenous injection in tail,tail bleeding time (BT) and clotting time (CT) were respectively determined to investi-gate the anti-coagulation effect of SNFE. After taking blood in abdominal aorta of rats,test was divided into blank control group, positive control group and SNFE low-mass concentration,medium-mass concentration,high-mass concentration groups (0.25, 0.50,1.00 mg/mL). Prothrombin time(PT),re-calcium time(PRT)(using orokinase as positive drug,100000 U/mL),and max-mum platelet aggregation rate (PAG) in 5 min under adenosine diphosphate (ADP) inducer (using asprin as positive drug,0.50 mg/mL) were respectively determined,and anti-coagulation effect mechanism of SNFE was analyzed. RESULTS:Compared with blank control group,BT,CT of mice in each group were prolonged,with statistical significance in Xueshuantong group and SNFE high-dose group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Plasma PT of rats in positive control group,SNFE medium-dose,high-dose groups and PRT in each administration group were significantly prolonged(P<0.05 or P<0.01);and PAG in administration group was signifi-cantly reduced(P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS:The fibrinolytic enzyme SNFE in sipuculus nudus can play its anti-coagulant effect by inhibiting the activity of coagulation factors in internal and external sources and ADP-induced platelet aggregation.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3938-3941, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659263

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the anti-coagulation effect and mechanism of fibrinolytic enzyme SNFE in sipuculus nudus, and provide reference for further development of SNFE. METHODS:40 mice were randomly divided into blank control group(nor-mal saline),Xueshuantong group(positive control,15 mg/kg)and SNFE low-dose,high-dose group(15,30 mg/kg),10 in each group. After intravenous injection in tail,tail bleeding time (BT) and clotting time (CT) were respectively determined to investi-gate the anti-coagulation effect of SNFE. After taking blood in abdominal aorta of rats,test was divided into blank control group, positive control group and SNFE low-mass concentration,medium-mass concentration,high-mass concentration groups (0.25, 0.50,1.00 mg/mL). Prothrombin time(PT),re-calcium time(PRT)(using orokinase as positive drug,100000 U/mL),and max-mum platelet aggregation rate (PAG) in 5 min under adenosine diphosphate (ADP) inducer (using asprin as positive drug,0.50 mg/mL) were respectively determined,and anti-coagulation effect mechanism of SNFE was analyzed. RESULTS:Compared with blank control group,BT,CT of mice in each group were prolonged,with statistical significance in Xueshuantong group and SNFE high-dose group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Plasma PT of rats in positive control group,SNFE medium-dose,high-dose groups and PRT in each administration group were significantly prolonged(P<0.05 or P<0.01);and PAG in administration group was signifi-cantly reduced(P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS:The fibrinolytic enzyme SNFE in sipuculus nudus can play its anti-coagulant effect by inhibiting the activity of coagulation factors in internal and external sources and ADP-induced platelet aggregation.

6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2184-2186, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504480

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the anti-oxidative effects of spirulina kinase (SPK) in vitro. METHODS:The methods of phenanthroine-Fe2+ oxidation method,DPPH and auto-oxidation of pyrogallol were used to measure the effects of different concen-trations of SPK on scavenging hydroxyl (OH-) free radical,DPPH free radical and superoxide anion (O2-) free radical;IC50 of SPK was calculated. Prussian blue reaction was used to determine total reducing ability(by absorbance)of different concentrations of SPK to Fe3+. Vitamin C(VC)was used as positive control in above trials. RESULTS:SPK could eliminate the OH-free radical, DPPH free radical and O2- free radical in concentration-dependant manner,and the maximum elimination rate of SPK to OH- free radical and DPPH free radical were 86.82% and 78.98%(IC50 were 54.31,0.636 g/L),which were higher than VC (64.77%, 73.49%). The maximum elimination rate of SPK to O2- free radical was 78.31%(IC50 was 3.918 g/L),which was lower than VC (94.14%). In reducing ability test,SPK improved absorbance in reducing ability test system,and maximum absorbance was simi-lar to VC in concentration-dependant manner. CONCLUSIONS:SPK has obvious anti-oxidant activities in vitro.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814649

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the antioxidant effect of different solvent extracts from persimmon leaves (PL) in diabetic mice induced by streptozotocin (STZ).@*METHODS@#The total ethanol-extracted fraction of PL was further extracted with chloroform, ethyl acetate and n-butanol, in that order, the residues after ethanol extraction were water-extracted and alcohol-precipitated, and concentrated. The hypoglycemic effects of different solvents extracts from PL were evaluated in diabetic mice induced by STZ. The experimental mice were randomly divided into groups: control group, model group, glibenclamide group, low and high dosage groups of the various solvent extracts. The drugs were administrated to mice in every morning for 15 days. During this time period, the contents of malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were determined.@*RESULTS@#The water-extracted and ethanol-precipitated fractions and the ethyl acetate-extracted fraction markedly reduced the content of MDA and increased the activity of SOD in the livers of STZ-induced diabetic mice (P0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The ethyl acetate-extracted fraction, water-extracted and ethanol-precipitated fraction of persimmon leaves have potential value in the treatment of diabetes. The mechanism of action of the antioxidant is related to the hypoglycemic effects of extracts from persimmon leaves.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antioxidants , Metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Diospyros , Chemistry , Female , Hypoglycemic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Male , Mice , Plant Extracts , Therapeutic Uses , Plant Leaves , Chemistry
8.
China Pharmacy ; (12)1991.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-533398

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of Millettia pulchra extracts on tumor necrosis factor ? (TNF-?), prostaglandin E2(PGE2) and nitric oxide (NO) in pleuritis model rats. METHODS: 56 Wistar male rats were randomly divided into control group, model group, dexamethasone (DEX) group, water extract of M.pulchra (TYLS) group (high dose and low dose) and total flavonoids of M.pulchra(FYLS) group (high dose and low dose). After preoperational intragastric administration for 7 days, the pleuritis model was induced by injecting carrageenan into pleural cavity in 30 minutes after the last medication. The amounts of pleurorrhea, leucocyte, TNF-?,PGE2 and NO in the pleurorrhea were measured at 8 hours after modeling. RESULTS: As compared with the model group, in TYLS and FYLS group the pleurorrhea volume, leukocyte amount, contents of TNF-? and PGE2 reduced markedly, but the synthesis of NO had little change.CONCLUSION:M.pulchra Extracts show a marked inhibitive effect on pleuritis. Their anti-inflammation effects may be related to inhibiting the increase of TNF-? and the infiltration and transmigration of leucocytes, but not associate with the synthesis of NO.

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