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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912790

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the practice of humanistic care and social worker voluntary service in public hospitals in China.Methods:From January to March 2021, 38 typical cases concerning " medical social worker and volunteer system" and " building a harmonious doctor-patient relationship through humanistic service" were collected by relying on the evaluation of China Healthcare Improvement Initiative. By means of statistics on the frequency of the subject words in the cases, hotspots of these hospitals in " paying attention to medical humanistic care and promoting social work voluntary service" were identified.Results:By classifying the keywords of the 38 cases, the hotspots mainly focused on strengthening the construction and management of social work volunteer platform and team, providing convenient and high-quality services, integrating humanistic care into diagnosis and treatment services, and building characteristic brand projects.Conclusions:The concept of humanistic care should be integrated into the hospital culture construction, the standardized and institutionalized development of humanistic care and volunteer work in the hospital should be promoted. Supporting measures should be introduced to promote the professional and stable development of talent team, and the routine service system should be established based on the needs assessment of both doctors and patients.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912789

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the practice and experience of " patient-centered, popularizing multi-disciplinary team(MDT) mode" in medical institutions, and to put forward reasonable suggestions and opinions for medical institutions to further improve and popularize MDT mode.Methods:Based on the evaluation of China Healthcare Improvement Initiative, 40 typical cases of MDT in medical institutions were collected, and descriptive analysis and textual analysis were carried out on the cases.Results:There were more specialized hospitals carrying out MDT, the application scope of MDT services was constantly expanding, and the management system and diagnosis and treatment process were constantly optimized.Conclusions:The mode of MDT in China is in the stage of exploration and development. In the promotion process, it is necessary to give full play to the role of information means, establish scientific and reasonable cost measurement and charge standard, and improve the enthusiasm of medical institutions and medical personnel to participate in MDT.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912787

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the changes in the practice environment from the perspective of doctors in 136 tertiary public hospitals, and to provide evidence for formulating strategies and measures to improve the practice environment of doctors.Methods:The data was collected from five rounds of China Healthcare Improvement Evaluation Survey from December 2015 to March 2021. The sample size was 17 945, 19 774, 20 786, 23 289, and 22 836, with a total of 104 630. The self-designed questionnaire on four dimensions of doctor-patient relationship, workload, administrative logistics support and professional identity was performed.Results:From the 1st to the 5th survey, the approval ratio of " the administrative and logistics department of this hospital is highly efficient" showed the characteristics of " U-shaped distribution" , and the approval ratio of " approve or encourage children to continue to engage in medical work" increased from 13.38% to 23.91%.From the 2nd to the 5th survey, the percentage of doctors who experienced doctor-patient disputes dropped from 28.96% to 23.20%, and the percentage of doctors agreeing that the relationship between doctors and patients in this hospital was improving continued to increase from 33.20% to 60.45%.From the 3rd to the 5th survey, the proportion of doctors experiencing medical troubles dropped from 15.10% to 14.19%, and the recognition rate of " the cafeteria of this hospital provided medical staff with nutritious and delicious meals" increased from 36.25% to 47.52%, and the approval proportion of " my current work load is heavy" dropped from 61.55% to 45.24%. The results of the 5th survey showed that there were significant differences in the approval ratios of each dimension in different genders, job titles and hospital types( P<0.001). Conclusions:From the perspective of doctor-patient relationship, workload, administrative logistics support, and professional identity, the improvement of doctors′ practice environment is still insufficient. Hospital administrators should continue to focus on the improvement of the doctor-patient relationship, and take necessary measures to reduce doctors′ workload and improve doctors′ professional identity.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912786

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the salary level, change trend and salary satisfaction of nurses in tertiary public hospitals in China.Methods:The data was derived from three round third-party evaluation of the China Healthcare Improvement Initiative at 136 tertiary public hospitals from December 2017 to January 2018, March 2019 and January to March 2021. The self-reported salary, expected salary and salary satisfaction rate of nurses were analyzed.Results:The sample sizes of the three evaluations were 27 575, 27 568 and 25 197, representing the salary situation in 2017, 2018 and 2020 respectively. In 2017, 2018 and 2020, the actual average annual salary of nurses was 81 600 yuan, 100 000 yuan and 110 000 yuan respectively, the expected average annual salary was 140 000 yuan, 160 000 yuan and 160 000 yuan respectively, and the ratio of expected salary to actual salary was 1.72, 1.60 and 1.45 respectively. In 2017, 2018 and 2020, the proportion of nurses satisfied with their current income was 34.0%, 33.7% and 43.6% respectively. In 2020, nurses in the eastern region, other specialized hospitals, senior professional titles and graduate degrees had highest annual salary.Conclusions:The salary level and satisfaction rate of nurses in tertiary public hospitals in China show a slow growth trend, and the gap between actual salary and expected salary is gradually narrowing.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912785

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the current level and dynamic change of the salary and income satisfaction rate of doctors in Chinese tertiary public hospitals in recent years.Methods:In January 2018, March 2019 and March 2021, the project team of " the third party evaluation of the China Healthcare Improvement Initiative" conducted a questionnaire survey among doctors of 136 tertiary public hospitals in 31 provinces. The first-line clinicians were investigated by stratified sampling method. The salary level and satisfaction of doctors were investigated by questionnaire. Chi square test was used for comparison between groups.Results:The sample size of the three surveys was 20 786, 23 289 and 22 836 respectively. The median value of doctors′ actual income after tax in 2017, 2018 and 2020 was 100 800 yuan, 120 000 yuan, 150 000 yuan respectively, and the median expected annual income after tax was 196 000 yuan, 250 000 yuan and 250 000 yuan. The proportion of doctors satisfied with the current income was 16.5%, 17.8% and 26.9% respectively. The salary and satisfaction rate of doctors had an upward trend, but the overall level was still low.Conclusions:In recent years, the salary of doctors in tertiary public hospitals in China has been improved to a certain extent, but on the whole, it is at a low level, and there is still much room for improvement. In the future, the government needs to improve the hospital salary system and increase the salary of doctors continuously, especially needs to pay attention to the doctors with high education level and intermediate titles.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912784

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the patient satisfaction at tertiary cancer hospitals in China, and explore its determinants.Methods:Based on the fifth third-party evaluation of China Healthcare Improvement Initiative, an inpatient satisfaction survey was conducted from January 2021 to March 2021 in 33 tertiary cancer hospitals in China. Inpatient satisfaction was analyzed, and Chi-square test and binary multivariate logistic regression were run, using the level of overall inpatient satisfaction as a dependent variable.Results:A total of 5 417 inpatients in tertiary cancer hospitals was recruited with 49.8% men. The inpatient at the age of 35-59 accounted for 56.0%, and they were 52.8±13.9 years old. The level of overall inpatient satisfaction was 98.90%. The inpatient satisfaction rates of meal service, waiting time for admission and psychological counseling service provided by hospital were relatively poor, which were 78.75%, 92.40% and 94.11%, respectively. The regression showed that level of overall inpatient satisfaction in the central and western regions(compared with eastern area), with urban and rural residents basic medical insurance or other type(compared with urban employee basic medical insurance), of breast cancer patients(compared with other disease), with unsured postoperative metastasis(compared with non-postoperative metastasis), with low self-rated health score(compared with the score of between 81 and 100)was lower.Conclusions:The inpatients in tertiary cancer hospitals in China is highly satisfied with the care provided. In the future, more attention should be paid to the dimension of lower patient satisfaction, such as diet and psychological counseling.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912783

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the status quo, trend and influencing factors of patient satisfaction in tertiary maternity and child hospitals in China.Methods:Based on the survey results of five round third-party evaluations of the China Healthcare Improvement Initiative from 2016 to 2021, descriptive trend analysis was conducted on the satisfaction index in tertiary maternity and child hospitals, and the influencing factors of satisfaction were analyzed based on the results of the fifth evaluation.Results:Compared with the first round, the overall patient satisfaction in tertiary maternity and child hospitals in the fifth round was improved(inpatient: from 95.7% to 98.0%; outpatient: from 87.8% to 94.9%). Outpatient satisfaction varied significantly among gender, hospitals of different types, education level, types of treatment, medical insurance and doctors′ titles( P<0.05). Outpatient satisfaction in local hospitals was 1.502 times higher than that in hospitals under the National Health Commission. The satisfaction of referrals was 0.259 times lower than that of patients who were admitted directly. Inpatient satisfaction varied significantly among department, hospitals of different regions, household registration type and whether the admission was delayed due to the COVID-19 epidemic( P<0.05). The satisfaction of inpatients in medical ward and surgical ward was respectively 0.202 and 0.298 times lower than that of inpatients in pediatric ward. Inpatient satisfaction at the central regions was 3.311 times higher than that at the eastern regions. Conclusions:The overall patient satisfaction in tertiary maternity and child hospitals in China is improving. In the future, we should pay more attention to the hospital environment, humanistic care and other non-medical service dimensions with low satisfaction, so as to further improve the medical experience of patients in maternity and child hospitals.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912782

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the progress and achievement of inpatient experience improvement in public hospitals in China from 2016 to 2021, so as to provide basis for further improving hospitalization experience and raising inpatient satisfaction.Methods:Based on the five Third-party Evaluations of China Healthcare Improvement Initiative from 2016 to 2021, descriptive trend analysis was conducted on inpatient process, cost and inpatient satisfaction, and the inpatient satisfaction in different regions and different types of institutions was compared.Results:The overall satisfaction of hospitalized patients in the fifth evaluation in 2021(98.5%)was higher than that in the first evaluation in 2016(96.2%). The western region and maternal and child institutions had the most obvious improvement in the comparison of regional and institutional types. The improvement of inpatients′ satisfaction with diet was not obvious. Inpatients were most dissatisfied with " high medical expenses" , " cumbersome procedures" and " long waiting time for bed" .Conclusions:From 2016 to 2021, the satisfaction of hospitalized patients has been consistently improved, but there is still room for improvement in non-medical services. Hospital meals for inpatient and relief of inpatient healthcare financial burden are the priorities for healthcare improvement and raising hospitalization satisfaction in the next stage.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912781

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the progress and achievement of outpatient experience improvement in tertiary public hospitals from 2016 to 2021, so as to provide basis for further improving outpatient experience and raising outpatient satisfaction.Methods:Based on 5 round third-party evaluations of the China Healthcare Improvement Initiative from 2016 to 2021, descriptive trend analysis was conducted on the outpatient process and outpatient satisfaction, and stratified analysis was conducted on patient satisfaction in different regions and different types of institutions.Results:One hundred and thirty-six core sample hospitals were included in the 5 round evaluation, and 30 153 valid questionnaires were collected in the fifth evaluation in 2021.From 2016 to 2021, the overall satisfaction of outpatients in the 5 round evaluations was 91.4%, 87.3%, 90.1%, 91.1% and 95.4%, respectively. The satisfaction of outpatients to the medical services continued to improve. Outpatient treatment process has been continuously optimized, appointment registration has become the most commonly used way of outpatient registration. The satisfaction of outpatients to the process and environment of treatment in the western region was significantly improved.Conclusions:From 2016 to 2021, the overall satisfaction of outpatients has been consistently improved. Informatization helps to optimize the treatment process, but it is recommended that hospitals should provide special support for elderly outpatients.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912780

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the change trend of patients′ recognition of the medical reform effect and medical staff′s occupation and its relationship with medical experience, since the implementation of the China Healthcare Improvement Initiative(CHII), so as to provide reference for exploring the breakthrough point of consolidating the reform effect.Methods:Four indicators of the third-party assessment of patients were selected, which were " I think the medical reform has benefited patients" , " I think the doctor-patient relationship is improving in the past three years" , " I think medical personnel deserve social respect and recognition" , and " I am willing to let my children join the medical profession" . Descriptive and trend analysis were carried out on the survey results, and correlation analysis was carried out between the survey results and patients′ medical experience.Results:Compared with the baseline evaluation results(76.9% and 69.9%for outpatients, 87.3% and 85.6%for inpatients), the patients′ recognition of the sense of medical reform and the improvement of doctor-patient relationship in the fifth evaluation(86.2% and 89.1%for outpatients, 91.4% and 92.6%for inpatients)were significantly improved. The proportion of patients who thought the medical staff was worthy of respect and willing to let their children work in the hospital in the fifth evaluation(97.4%, 79.1%for outpatients, 98.7%, 85.1%for inpatients)were higher than the baseline evaluation results(92.3%, 71.0%for outpatients, 98.1%, 81.6%for inpatients). The above indicators were positively correlated with the patient′s medical experience.Conclusions:Since the implementation of CHII, patients′ recognition of the sense of medical reform and the improvement of doctor-patient relationship has been continuously improved, and patients′ respect and recognition of professional identity of medical personnel is at a high level and continues to improve. Improving medical experience has a positive effect on the improvement of patients′ sense of medical reform.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912779

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the implementation of the China Healthcare Improvement Initiative(CHII)from 2018 to 2020 in 143 tertiary public hospitals in China.Methods:In March 2019 and from January to March in 2021, 143 tertiary public hospitals in 31 provinces of China were investigated using the unified " medical institution questionnaire Ⅰ" and " medical institution Questionnaire Ⅱ" . The data were collected by means of hospital self-report and expert on-site scoring. Descriptive and inferential statistical analysis were used to analyze the data, and the data of two cross-sectional surveys were compared and analyzed.Results:The average score rate of implementing CHII in 143 sample hospitals in 2020 was 88.9%, which was higher than that in 2018(84.4%). The appointment diagnosis and treatment system, clinical pathway management system, day service, smart hospital and humanistic service were significantly improved. In 2020, the average score rate of logistics service, high quality nursing service and clinical pathway management system was higher than 95%, while the average score rate of day service, telemedicine system and medical social work system was lower than 85%. The total score rate of general hospitals was significantly higher than that of specialized hospitals( P<0.001). In 2020, the proportion of hospitals with full marks in 29 secondary indicators(74.4%)was more than 80%, reaching the standard level. Conclusions:The implementation level of CHII in tertiary public hospitals in China has been improved continuously and made significant progress, but some dimensions and indicators need to be further improved.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912778

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the progress and impact of the China Healthcare Improvement Initiative(CHII) from 2015 to 2020, which aimed at improving patients healthcare experiences.Methods:Five rounds of evaluation surveys were conducted from December 2015 to March 2021 among 136-214 tertiary public hospitals. Structured questionnaires to measure hospital actions and performance, satisfaction of patients and medical staff were designed, and the data were collected by the national and provincial survey teams via onsite inspection, face-to-face/telephone interviews and self-administered cellphone APPs respectively. After data cleaning, the results of five round evaluations were analyzed and compared.Results:The sampled hospitals demonstrated high participation rate in the CHII, and their overall performance turned out to be satisfactory. And the patient healthcare experiences consistently improved over the period of CHII. In contrast to the high satisfaction rate with clinical quality of the sampled hospitals, patients were less satisfied with the non-clinical services such as food and supporting services. The job satisfaction of doctors and nurses experienced mild improvements, while the problems of heavy workload, low salary, and poor health were not effectively solved yet.Conclusions:The implementation of CHII from 2015 to 2020 has played a significant role in promoting patient-centered service models in hospitals, but continuous inputs and coordinated efforts are still required in the future. The improvement of non-clinical services still needs to be addressed to further enhance patient satisfaction. The job satisfaction and well-being of doctors and nurses remain at low level, and effective measures need to be taken to maintain the stability of the medical staff.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872251

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the impact of the clinic-pharmacy separation reform in Beijing on the outpatients with medical insurance.Methods:A segmented regression model of interrupted time series(ITS)data was used, to analyze the changes from April 2017 to May 2019 in outpatient visits, average cost per visit, out-of-pocket burden, with a tertiary hospital in Beijing as an example before and after the reform.Results:Segmental regression analysis showed that since the reform, the out-of-pocket burden of outpatients fell by 5.2% in the first month. After the reform, the medicine expenses decreased 0.50 yuan monthly instead of increasing 0.24 yuan before, and the surgery expenses, examination and laboratory fees, and materials expenses have increased from an average monthly increase of 0.14 yuan, 0.64 yuan and 0.36 yuan to 0.15 yuan, 0.70 yuan and 0.17 yuan respectively. Meanwhile, the growth rate of outpatient services slowed down, with an increase number dropping from 855 visits/month to 523 visits/month.Conclusions:The reform had reduced the out-of-pocket expenses of outpatients.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801416

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore gender-specific factors and their contributions to ischemic stroke among atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. @*Methods@#A case-control study was conducted. The relevant data were obtained from the database of China National Stroke Screening Survey. The cases were first-ever ischemic stroke cases diagnosed from September 2013 to September 2015. Frequency-matched for the age and distribution of city and country, controls were randomly selected by 1∶3 ratio from individuals with AF but without stroke in the program. Altogether, there were 85 male cases (320 controls) and 147 female cases (484 controls). Unconditional logistic regression model was applied for the analysis of relevant factors of the onset of ischemic stroke, and their population-attributable risk proportion [PARP, (95%CI)] was calculated. @*Results@#The age of male subjects in the case group and control group were (65.26±11.20) and (64.83±11.08) years old, and that of females in two groups were (63.63±10.40) and (63.93±10.35) years old. According to the PARP (95%CI), relevant factors of the onset of ischemic stroke in a descending sequence were hypertension history [35.63 (18.64−47.73)], family history of stroke [28.70 (23.63−32.30)]and physical inactivity [15.73 [5.62−23.06)] among male AF patients, and family history of stroke (29.39 (24.21−33.08)), dyslipidemia (22.17 (2.26−36.45)) and smoking [2.09 (0.76−3.24)] among female AF patients. @*Conclusion@#The relevant factors of ischemic stroke were different between male and female AF patients.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800526

ABSTRACT

The unbalanced economic development, the lifestyle changes of the residents, the aging before getting rich and the burden of non-communicable chronic diseases in China have brought great pressure on China′s health system. However, the prevention and control mechanism of chronic diseases in China is far from mature, which restricts the development of the prevention and control of chronic diseases in China. Singapore′s new concept on chronic disease management and the the 3-level theoretical framework are good experience in the world and deserve to be learned by China. This article introduced the Healthy Living Master Plan in health promotion practice in Singapore, and made suggestions on construction of health management system to cope with the disease burden in China.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797502

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To establish comprehensive understanding of the self-rated health of the Chinese doctors and nurses and probe into their influencing factors.@*Methods@#Data were drawn from a hospital performance survey, which was conducted by the Peking Union School of Public Health from March 18th to April 9th, 2019, among the 144 tertiary public hospitals in 31 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities. The survey included a cell-phone based questionnaire filled out by the sampled doctors and nurses, in which they were asked to rate their health using a 5-level Likert scale(from " very poor" to " very good" ). Mann-Whitney U test was used to analyze the differences in self-rated health between doctors and nurses. Chi-square test and two-class multivariate logistic regression were performed to analyze factors affecting self-rated health of the providers.@*Results@#Among the 144 sample hospitals, the proportion of doctors, who rated their health as " healthy" , was 20.30%(4 979/24 529), that of nurses was 28.92%(8 361/28 910). It was worse than that in some developed countries and lower than the general population in China. Multi-variate analysis showed that adequate sleeping time, satisfaction with the work and with the doctor-patient relationship, were positively associated with the level of self-rated health of the sampled doctors and nurses(P<0.05). It was also found that the longer the average weekly working time, the higher the recognition of " the work load is too heavy" , the lower the proportion of doctors and nurses who rated their health as " healthy" (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Sleep time, job satisfaction, workload and doctor-patient relationship are important factors affecting self-rated health of the Chinese doctors and nurses.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797501

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To carry out the 4th round of third-party evaluation on the implementation and effect of the 1st year of the 2nd Phase National Healthcare Improvement Initiative(abbreviated as Initiative)since 2015.@*Methods@#The 4th round of the evaluation survey adopted the same methods, organization and execution, and technical roadmap as the former three rounds of evaluations.@*Results@#The 4th round of evaluation was carried out from 18 March to 9 April, 2019 at 185 public hospitals in 31 provinces(autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central Government)and Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps.Facility survey, health professional survey and patient survey were conducted at each of the sample health facilities. A total of 120 782 valid questionnaires were collected from 144 non-psychiatric health facilities, 16 246 valid questionnaires were obtained from 41 psychiatric health facilities, and 252 cases of outstanding departments/hospitals in healthcare improvement were also collected. The average overall scoring of the 12 dimensions to assess Initiative implementation at 144 non-psychiatric health facilities was 84.4%. The overall outpatient satisfaction scoring was 91.1%, 96.7%for the inpatients. The overall inpatient satisfaction(family members inclusive) at 41 psychiatric health facilities was 93%. Areas remaining to be improved include day-surgery, telemedicine and medical social work. Compared with technical services, non-technical care should be further strengthened. The compensation, workload and work environment of the healthcare providers are still to be improved.@*Conclusions@#The implementation of the Initiative by health facilities has been greatly improved. The percentage of health facilities and patients who had positive perceptions of improved doctor-patient relationship has been increasing. Patient care experiences at public hospitals have been generally improved, and the implementation of promoting traditional Chinese Medicine practices also made progress. However, work satisfaction of healthcare providers was found to be rather low, compared to the high level of patient satisfaction.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792198

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish comprehensive understanding of the self-rated health of the Chinese doctors and nurses and probe into their influencing factors. Methods Data were drawn from a hospital performance survey, which was conducted by the Peking Union School of Public Health from March 18th to April 9th, 2019, among the 144 tertiary public hospitals in 31 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities. The survey included a cell-phone based questionnaire filled out by the sampled doctors and nurses, in which they were asked to rate their health using a 5-level Likert scale(from " very poor" to " very good" ). Mann-Whitney U test was used to analyze the differences in self-rated health between doctors and nurses. Chi-square test and two-class multivariate logistic regression were performed to analyze factors affecting self-rated health of the providers. Results Among the 144 sample hospitals, the proportion of doctors, who rated their health as " healthy" , was 20.30% (4 979/24 529), that of nurses was 28.92% (8 361/28 910). It was worse than that in some developed countries and lower than the general population in China. Multi-variate analysis showed that adequate sleeping time, satisfaction with the work and with the doctor-patient relationship, were positively associated with the level of self-rated health of the sampled doctors and nurses(P<0.05). It was also found that the longer the average weekly working time, the higher the recognition of " the work load is too heavy" , the lower the proportion of doctors and nurses who rated their health as " healthy" (P <0.05). Conclusions Sleep time, job satisfaction, workload and doctor-patient relationship are important factors affecting self-rated health of the Chinese doctors and nurses.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792197

ABSTRACT

Objective To carry out the 4th round of third-party evaluation on the implementation and effect of the 1st year of the 2nd Phase National Healthcare Improvement Initiative ( abbreviated as Initiative) since 2015. Methods The 4th round of the evaluation survey adopted the same methods, organization and execution, and technical roadmap as the former three rounds of evaluations.Results The 4th round of evaluation was carried out from 18 March to 9 April, 2019 at 185 public hospitals in 31 provinces ( autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central Government ) and Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps. Facility survey, health professional survey and patient survey were conducted at each of the sample health facilities. A total of 120 782 valid questionnaires were collected from 144 non-psychiatric health facilities, 16 246 valid questionnaires were obtained from 41 psychiatric health facilities, and 252 cases of outstanding departments/hospitals in healthcare improvement were also collected. The average overall scoring of the 12 dimensions to assess Initiative implementation at 144 non-psychiatric health facilities was 84.4%. The overall outpatient satisfaction scoring was 91.1% , 96.7% for the inpatients. The overall inpatient satisfaction(family members inclusive) at 41 psychiatric health facilities was 93%. Areas remaining to be improved include day-surgery, telemedicine and medical social work. Compared with technical services, non-technical care should be further strengthened. The compensation, workload and work environment of the healthcare providers are still to be improved. Conclusions The implementation of the Initiative by health facilities has been greatly improved. The percentage of health facilities and patients who had positive perceptions of improved doctor-patient relationship has been increasing. Patient care experiences at public hospitals have been generally improved, and the implementation of promoting traditional Chinese Medicine practices also made progress. However, work satisfaction of healthcare providers was found to be rather low, compared to the high level of patient satisfaction.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810486

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the association between the combination of different health-related behaviors and the risk of stroke in people with hypertension.@*Methods@#The data in this study were obtained from the China National Stroke Screening Survey (CNSSS). The case group was the people with hypertension who were also diagnosed as the first-ever stroke cases (total stroke and ischemic stroke) during 2013-2014 screening period. Their corresponding controls (1∶3 frequency-matched for age group and urban/rural ratio) were randomly selected from individuals with hypertension without stroke. The information on demographic data, stroke history, influence factors and health-related behaviors (non-smoking, normal body mass index maintenance and physical activity) was obtained using standardized face-to-face questionnaires. Univariate analysis included t-test and Chi-square test. Multivariate analysis included unconditional logistic regression.@*Results@#There were 603 total stroke cases (1 909 controls) and 536 ischemic stroke cases (1 608 controls) in men with hypertension, and 600 total stroke cases (1 800 controls) and 534 ischemic stroke cases (1 602 controls) in women with hypertension. We found that women with three health-related behaviors had lower risk of total stroke (OR=0.29, 95%CI: 0.11-0.79) and ischemic stroke (OR=0.28, 95%CI: 0.10-0.77). Only the combination of non-smoking and physical activity was significantly associated with the decreased risk of total stroke (OR=0.30, 95%CI: 0.11-0.78) and ischemic stroke (OR=0.32, 95%CI: 0.12-0.87). We had not found significant association between the combination of different health-related behaviors and risk of total stroke and ischemic stroke (P>0.05) in men.@*Conclusion@#This study indicated that health-related behavior intervention might be more effectively to prevent stroke in women with hypertension, especially the smoking control and physical activity.

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