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Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 210-213, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004546


【Objective】 To study the application of electronic crossmatching(E-XM) based on Rh typing aimed at reducing the production of alloantibodies in blood recipients. 【Methods】 A total of 22 528 RhD positive patients, admitted to our hospital from Jan 1, 2018 to Mar 31, 2020, required the specific transfusion of leukocyte-depleted suspension red blood cells. Among which, 21 334 reached the priority level Ⅰ and Ⅱ by E-XM and were set as the control group, and 1 194 reached the priority level Ⅲ and were set as the experimental group. ABO and Rh (D, C, c, E and e antigens) blood group systems were serologically tested both in blood recipients and donors, and Rh phenotype database was established based on the blood transfusion management system. The incidence of irregular antibodies against the exposure of new antigens involved with RBC transfusions in the control group and the experimental group was compared. 【Results】 The proportion of antigen C and e was significantly higher than that of c and E. The frequency of DCCee and DCcEe were the highest, while that of Dccee and DCCEE were extremely low. 85.2% and 9.5% of the patients reached priority level Ⅰ and Ⅱ, respectively, and only 5.3% reached priority level Ⅲ. 6 patients(less than 0.001%) in the control group (n=21 334), developed Rh system alloantibodies after blood transfusion, and 24 patients(2.01%) in the experimental group (n=1194) developed Rh alloantibodies against the exposure of antigens after blood transfusion. There were significant differences between the experimental group and the control group (P<0.01). 【Conclusion】 The application of E-XM could minimize the incidence of Rh irregular antibodies after RBC transfusion in patients, which contributes to the safety in clinical blood transfusion.

Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 205-207, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004544


【Objective】 To investigate the distribution characteristics of Rh blood group antigen phenotypes, haplotypes and irregular antibodies between patients in our hospital and local blood donors, so as to ensure safe and effective blood transfusion and improve the rationality and scientificity of clinical blood transfusion. 【Methods】 A total of 113 326 blood samples, from hospitalized patients in our hospital and local blood donors from October 2015 to March 2020, were subjected to Rh antigen typing and irregular antibody detection. The frequency of Rh phenotypes, haplotypes, and irregular antibodies were retrospectively analyzed and calculated. Chi square test was used to compare the data among different population groups. Rh antigen typing and irregular antibody detection were completed using the automatic blood group analyzer. 【Results】 The prevalence of negative RhD was 0.36% (408/113 326). The most prevalent Rh phenotype was DCCee [40.69%(46 112/ 113 326)] followed by DCcEe [36.82%(41 727/ 113 326)]. Anti-E was the most common irregular antibody, accounting for [0.26%(295/ 113 326)], and DCe [62.51%(70 840/ 113 326)] was the most common haplotype. The most common Rh phenotypes and haplotypes in Caucasians in Germany, North Indian and North African were DCcee, DCCee and Dccee, while DCe, DCe and Dce, respectively. 【Conclusion】 The distribution characteristics of Rh phenotypes, haplotypes and irregular antibodies of patients in our hospital and local blood donors were in line with the distribution characteristics of the population in northern China. Corresponding plans concerning blood storage and collection, as well as the establishment of Rh blood type registry should be carried to effectively ensure the safety, rationality and accuracy of clinical blood transfusion.

Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 952-955, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004388


【Objective】 To explore the application effect of PDCA in improving the informationization of blood transfusion medical records. 【Methods】 The PDCA cycle theory and other quality management tools were used to analyze the causes of defects in blood transfusion records in a tertiary A hospital. Corresponding improvement measures for informationnization were formulated, and the situation before and after the improvement were compared to analyze the improvement effect. 【Results】 After the application of PDCA, the quality of blood transfusion records was significantly improved, and the defect rate decreased from 31.5% (193/612)to 12.1%(73/604), and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 PDCA plays an important role in improving the quality of clinical blood transfusion records, standardizing the writing, and ensuring the safety and scientificity of the blood transfusion process.

Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 49-52, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798822


Objective@#To investigate the clinical effect of diced cartilage in correcting nasal alar base depression after cleft lip surgery.@*Methods@#A retrospective study was conducted in 15 patients of nasal deformity after lip surgery from January 2018 to January 2019. All the patients were taken from autologous costal cartilage to reconstruct the outline of nasal malformation, and the remaining autologous costal cartilage was cut into 0.5-1.0 mm pieces and filled into the basilar lacunar space of the nasal alar by the 1 ml syringe whose anterior needle nipples was removed. The effects of visual images before and after operation were compared and analyzed by Adobe Photoshop CS6 software. The patients were followed up for 6-15 months (mean 10months). The satisfaction and complications of the patients were investigated.@*Results@#The nasal alar base was significantly elevated and the outline of the nasal deformity was improved in 15 patients after operation. The overall effect was satisfactory and no obvious complications were found. No obvious absorption was found in the follow-up.@*Conclusions@#The application of diced cartilage to correct the nasal alar base depression after cleft lip surgery was a feasible method with important clinical value. It advanced in taking good use of the remaining cartilage and reducing the damage to both the donor and recipient area.