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1.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 757-762, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796556

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the accuracy of endoscopic titanium clip localization combined with CT three-dimensional reconstruction for the control of incision margin in early gastric cancer under laparoscopy.@*Methods@#A prospective analysis was made for gastric cancer whose lesions were located in the middle of the stomach and T stage was 1 to 2 from October 2017 to January 2019 at Department of Gastrointestinal and Pancreatic Surgery, Zhejiang Provincial People′s Hospital. Totally 25 patients were eventually enrolled in the study. There were 17 males and 8 females aging of (63.6±7.2) years (range: 48 to 77 years). All cases were treated with titanium clip localization under endoscope combined with CT three-dimensional(3D) reconstruction to construct a virtual panorama of gastric cavity and lesions, and to design surgical margins. Laparoscopic surgical resection was performed according to the surgical margins designed before operation. The distance from the gastric angle to the origin of the minor curvature of the incisional margin, the distance from the gastric angle to the the center of lesion and the distance of the upper incision margin were measured under three-dimensional CT reconstruction and under actual specimen. Paired t test was used to compare the three distances measured by two methods.@*Results@#The measured distances from the gastric angle to the center of the lesion and the proximal incisional margin under 3D reconstruction CT were according to the measured values of actual specimens ((2.67±1.38) cm vs. (2.83±1.56) cm, t=1.51, P=0.14; (5.23±0.60) cm vs. 5 cm, t=1.93, P=0.07); the measured distances from the gastric angle to the origin of the minor curvature of the incisional margin under CT 3D reconstruction were different with the measured values of solid specimens ((5.94±0.94) cm vs. (6.37±0.90) cm, t=3.52, P=0.00).@*Conclusion@#The method of titanium clip localization combined with CT 3D reconstruction can provide a feasible laparoscopic localization method and incision edge solution for T1 to T2 gastric central cancer.

2.
China Oncology ; (12): 227-232, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510989

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose: Adenocarcinoma has become the most common histological type of lung cancer in recent years, and there is an increasing trend. This study aimed to investigate postoperative differences in clinical characteristics between adenocarcinoma and other types of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and prognostic factors of adenocarcinoma treated with surgery, and to provide a reference for the prevention and treatment of lung adenocarcinoma. Methods: The medical records of patients with NSCLC treated with surgery were selected from Jan. 2005 to Dec. 2014 at the Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Guangxi Medical University. This study compared the differences in clinical characteristics between adenocarcinoma and other types of NSCLC, and analyzed the influence of prognostic factors of lung adenocarcinoma with log-rank test and COX model. Results: With 451 cases of adenocarcinoma, the gender ratio was 1.29:1, the average age was 56.02 years old, the lymph node metastasis rate was 53.22% (240/451), and the median survival time was 44 months. There were statistical differences between adenocarcinoma and other types of NSCLC in gender ratio (P<0.001), average age (P=0.039), lymph node metastasis rate (P=0.012), and median survival time (P<0.001). In multivariate analysis, PTNM stage (P<0.001), gender (P=0.032), preoperative diabetes (P=0.019), subcarinal lymph node metastasis (P=0.013), number of lymph node metastasis (P<0.001), postoperative chemotherapy (P=0.040) or targeted therapy after surgery (P<0.001) were independent prognostic factors. Conclusion:Compared with other types of NSCLC, adenocarcinoma showed the characteristics of higher incidence of constituent ratio in women, lower average age, higher rate of lymph node metastasis and poor prognosis. PTNM stage, gender, pre-operative diabetes, subcarinal lymph node metastasis, number of lymph node metastasis, postoperative chemotherapy or targeted therapy are important influencing factors that can affect the prognosis of adenocarcinoma following the surgical procedure.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-431149

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a simple and stable orthotopic segmental small bowel transplantation model in rats.Methods Eighty male SD rats were divided into donors and recipients.Orthotopic segmental small bowel transplantation was performed by end-to-side anastomosis between donor abdominal aorta tundish-shape patch with arteria mesenterica superior pedicle and abdominal aorta of the recipients; end-to-end anastomosis between the portal vein of the donors and the left renal vein of the recipients was done using the cuff technique ; the large part of the small bowel of the recipients was excised,and it was replaced by the segmental intestine of the donors.Results The operation time of the donors and recipients were (40 ± 5) minutes and (50 ±8)minutes,respectively.The warm ischemia time and cold ischemia time were (5 ± 2) minutes and (15 ± 5) minutes,respectively.The anastomosis time of arteries and veins were (5 ± 2) minutes and (4 ± 2) minutes,respectively.The survival time of 90.0% (36/40) of rats was more than 10 days.Conclusion The modified rat model of orthotopic segmental small bowel transplantation is easy to manipulate,and has the advantages of short operation time,high survival rate and stability.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-385805

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate effects of alimentary reconstruction procedures (integral continual jejunal interposition, Billroth Ⅱ and isolated jejunal interposition) after subtotal gastrectomy on postoperative plasma gastrin, motilin and cholecystokinin. Methods Twenty-four dogs were divided into 3 groups undergoing distal subtotal gastrectomy and three different digestive tract reconstruction (integral continual jejunal interposition, Billroth Ⅱ and isolated jejunal interposition). The concentration of plasma gastrin, motilin and cholecystokinin were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay before and after operation. Results Two months after operation, plasma gastrin level of the integral continual jejunal interposition group (2. 2 ±0. 7 ) ng/L, ( 3.9 ± 0. 8 ) ng/L was significantly lower than that of preoperative both in fasting and postprandial state (3.8 ± 1.0) ng/L, (5.3 ± 1.6) ng/L, all P <0.05, but was significantly higher than other two groups in postprandial state (2. 7 ± 1.0) ng/L, (3.6 ±0. 6) ng/L, P <0. 05. Two months after operation, plasma motilin concentration of integral continual jejunal interposition group (577 ±204) ng/L, (1003 ± 209) ng/L were significantly higher than that of preoperative both in fasting and postprandial (429 ± 128) ng/L, (854 ± 218 ) ng/L, P < 0. 05. The postoperative plasma motilin of integral continual jejunal interposition group ( 1003 ± 209 ) ng/L was significantly higher than other two groups in postprandial state (840 ±205) ng/L, (986 ± 189) ng/L, P <0. 05. Two months after operation,plasma cholecystokinin concentration of integral continual jejunal interposition group ( 19.6 ± 2.0 ) ng/Lwere significantly higher than that of preoperative both in postprandial ( 19.0 ± 2. 0) ng/L, P < 0. 05. The postoperative plasma cholecystokinin of integral continual jejunal interposition group ( 19. 6 ± 2. 0) ng/L was significantly lower than other two groups (22.2 ± 2. 1 ) ng/L, (20. 1 ± 2. 5 ) ng/L, P < 0. 05. Conclusion Integral continual jejunal interposition after distal gastrectomy maintains the postoperative plasma motilin and gastrin in a relatively higher level and decreases the concentration of plasma cholecystokinin.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-401559

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the validity of transanal local excision for stage Ⅰ low rectal carcinoma.Methods The clinical data of 93 patients with stage Ⅰ low rectal carcinoma who underwent transanal excision (group A,n=45)or radical resection(group B,n=48)were retrospectively analyzed.Twenty-four T1 patients and 21 T2 patients in group A received postoperative adjuvant radiation therapy and adjuvant chemoradiotherapy,respectively.All patients in group B received radical surgery only.The 5-year survival rates,recurrence rates,and postoperative complications between the 2 groups were compared.Results The 5-year survival rates were 100%(24/24)for T1 patients,86%(18/21)for T2 patients in group A,and 100%(18/18)for T1 patients,93%(28/30)for T2 patients in group B,with no significantly statistical difference between the 2 groups(P>0.05).The recurrence rates were 4%(1/24)for T1 patients,19%(4/21)for T2 patients in group A,and 0(0/18)for T1 patients,7%(2/30)for T2 patients in group B,with no significance between the 2 groups(P>0.05).The incidence of postoperative complications in group A was 2%(1/45),which was significantly lower than that of 15%(7/48))in group B(P<0.05).Conclusions Transanal local excision of early low rectal carcinoma,combined with postoperative chemotherapy for T1 patients or chemoradiotherapy for T2 patients, results in a low complication rate and good sphincter function,and provides satisfactory local control and 5-year survival rates.

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