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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884600

ABSTRACT

Hypothyroidism is a common complication in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma after radiotherapy, and its incidence is mainly associated with clinical factors, such as radiotherapy, chemotherapy, sex, age and clinical stage, etc. The normal tissue complication probability models of radiation-induced hypothyroidism can be established by using related factors, which can be employed to screen the high-risk patients. In this article, clinical factors related to radiation-induced hypothyroidism were summarized, aiming to prevent the early radiation-induced hypothyroidism, reduce the incidence of hypothyroidism and improve the quality of life of patients.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884548

ABSTRACT

Objective:To preliminarily evaluate the efficacy and safety of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for pulmonary oligometastatic tumors from head and neck carcinoma.Methods:Clinical data of 24 patients with pulmonary oligometastasis from head and neck carcinoma undergoing SBRT in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital from January 2014 to May 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Survival analysis was performed by Kaplan- Meier method. Results:Among the 24 patients, 12 cases were diagnosed with nasopharyngeal origin and 12 cases of non-nasopharyngeal origin. A total of 34 pulmonary metastatic lesions were treated with SBRT. The median follow-up time was 19.5 months. Thirteen cases developed new lesions after SBRT, and 9 of them occurred within 1 year after SBRT treatment. The actual 1-year local control rate was 95%. The median progression-free survival was 15.2 months, and the 1-and 2-year progression-free survival were 59% and 46%, respectively. The 2-and 3-years overall survival rate at were 71% and 51% fter lung metastasis, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that the patients with primary lesions located in nasopharynx and disease-free interval of more than 1 year had survival advantage. No more than grade 3 radiation-induced injury was observed in the whole cohort after SBRT, and the incidence of mild radiation-induced injury was 13%.Conclusions:SBRT is safe and effective in the treatment of pulmonary oligometastatsis from head and neck carcinoma, and it may be more effective for patients with primary tumors located in nasopharynx.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884520

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the main factors of hypothyroidism after radiotherapy and to identify the optimal thyroid dosimetric parameters by analyzing the dosimetric parameters of the thyroid.Methods:The general clinical characteristics and dosimetric parameters of 206 patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma treated in Cancer Hospital of University of Chinese Academy of Sciences were collected, and the correlation between them and the incidence of hypothyroidism was analyzed.Results:The incidence of hypothyroidism in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma after radiotherapy was 50.49%(104/206). Univariate analysis showed that gender, N-stage, volume, mean dose, V 20Gy, V 25Gy, V 30Gy, V 35Gy, V 40Gy, V 45Gy of thyroid were associated with the incidence of hypothyroidism. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that volume (≤12.82 cm 3) and mean dose of thyroid were the independent risk factors of hypothyroidism. Mean dose of thyroid combined with volume could significantly predict the incidence of hypothyroidism after radiotherapy. Conclusion:Mean dose of thyroid ≤ 47.21 Gy is the optimal dosimetric parameter for radiation-induced hypothyroidism, especially the patients with thyroid volume ≤ 12.82 cm 3 should pay more attention to the protection of thyroid gland during radiotherapy.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883967

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression levels of microRNA-124 (miR-124) and microRNA-494(miR-494) in the serum of elderly patients with Parkinson disease (PD) and its clinical significance.Methods:Ninety PD patients (PD group) who were hospitalized in Zhengzhou Central Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University from March 2018 to April 2020 were selected.At the same time, 100 non-PD elderly people examined in the physical examination center of the same hospital who matched with age and gender of PD patients were selected as the control group.After 12 hours of fasting, 4 ml of venous blood was taken from all subjects.All PD patients were graded by unified Parkinson disease rating scale(UPDRS) from the aspects of mental state, behavior and emotion, quality of life and motor examination, and graded by the Hoehn-Yahr rating scale for Parkinson disease.The expression levels of miR-124 and miR-494 in serum were detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR), and the diagnostic values of miR-124 and miR-494 in PD patients were evaluated by ROC curve.Results:Hoehn-Yahr grade of PD patients with UPDRS≤60 points was significantly lower than that of patients with UPDRS >60 points((2.47±0.43) vs (3.42±0.47))( t=9.055, P<0.001), and there was no significant difference in serum miR-124 and miR-494 expression levels((0.72±0.14) vs (0.70±0.12), (1.17±0.19) vs (1.18±0.22)) ( t=0.633, 0.230, P=0.529, 0.819). Compared with that in control group, the expression of miR-124 in PD group was down-regulated ((0.71±0.20) vs (1.05±0.24)), and the expression of miR-494 was up-regulated((1.18±0.26) vs (0.96±0.22)) ( t=10.542, 6.315, P<0.001). The results of ROC showed that the area under curve (AUC) of serum miR-124 and miR-494 in the diagnosis of PD were 0.847 and 0.760 respectively, the cutoff values were 0.901 and 1.126, respectively, the sensitivities were 86.67% and 61.11% respectively, and the specificities were 75.03% and 79.00% respectively. The AUC of the combined diagnosis of PD was 0.898, and the sensitivity and specificity were 85.56% and 85.00% respectively. Conclusions:The expression of miR-124 is low in PD patients, while the expression of miR-494 is high, which suggests that the changes of the two miRNA levels may be related with the occurrence and development of PD.Both of them have a certain diagnostic value for PD, and the value of combined diagnosis is higher.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882939

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the rehabilitation efficacy of early mobilization based on collaboration care model for patients with laparoscopic colorectal surgery.Methods:Cluster sampling method was used in the department to recruit colorectal cancer patients with laparoscopic surgery. The control group (49 cases) received routine perioperative care and exercise, and the intervention group (47 cases) received the coordinated early mobilization combined with routine perioperative care and exercise, from January to March 2019. Primary outcome were health status and the proportion of patients returning to preoperative functional walking capacity (6-min walk test) at 4 weeks after surgery. The in-hospital mobilization (time out-of-bed), time to achieve discharge criteria, time to recover gastrointestinal function and complication rate were explored.Results:In intervention group,89.4%(42/47) of patients achieved mobilization target on 4 days after surgery compared with 42.6%(20/47) on the day of surgery. Time out of bed were greater in the intervention group compared with the control group, and there were differences between the two groups( Z values were -8.437--7.381, P<0.01). Time to recover gastrointestinal function and the recovery of energy on 3 days after surgery were (58.74±17.41) h, (59.02±9.46) points in the observation group, and (71.82±21.53) h, (62.61±7.68) points in the control group, and there were significant differences between the two groups ( t values were -3.263, -2.046, P<0.05). But other outcome measures were not different between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:For colorectal laparoscopic surgery patients, the coordinated early mobilization improved the adherence to ambulation, in-hospital mobilization, time to recover gastrointestinal function and recovery of energy to promote rehabilitation.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 340-354, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881140

ABSTRACT

Enormous studies have corroborated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) extensively participate in crucial physiological processes such as metabolism and immunity, and are closely related to the occurrence and development of tumors, cardiovascular diseases, nervous system disorders, nephropathy, and other diseases. The application of lncRNAs as biomarkers or intervention targets can provide new insights into the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. This paper has focused on the emerging research into lncRNAs as pharmacological targets and has reviewed the transition of lncRNAs from the role of disease coding to acting as drug candidates, including the current status and progress in preclinical research. Cutting-edge strategies for lncRNA modulation have been summarized, including the sources of lncRNA-related drugs, such as genetic technology and small-molecule compounds, and related delivery methods. The current progress of clinical trials of lncRNA-targeting drugs is also discussed. This information will form a latest updated reference for research and development of lncRNA-based drugs.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878538

ABSTRACT

Microbial fuel cell (MFC) is a bioelectrochemical device, that enables simultaneous wastewater treatment and energy generation. However, a few issues such as low output power, high ohmic internal resistance, and long start-up time greatly limit MFCs' applications. MFC anode is the carrier of microbial attachment, and plays a key role in the generation and transmission of electrons. High-quality bioelectrodes have developed into an effective way to improve MFC performance. Conjugated polymers have advantages of low cost, high conductivity, chemical stability and good biocompatibility. The use of conjugated polymers to modify bioelectrodes can achieve a large specific surface area and shorten the charge transfer path, thereby achieving efficient biological electrochemical performance. In addition, bacteria can be coated with nano-scale conjugated polymer and effectively transfer the electrons generated by cells to electrodes. This article reviews the recently reported applications of conjugated polymers in microbial fuel cells, focusing on the MFC anode materials modified by conjugated polymers. This review also systematically analyzes the advantages and limitations of conjugated polymers, and how these composite hybrid bioelectrodes solve practical issues such as low energy output, high inner resistance, and long starting time.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Bioelectric Energy Sources , Electricity , Electrodes , Polymers , Water Purification
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879472

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis of three children with disorders of sex development (DSD) in association with rare Y chromosome rearrangements.@*METHODS@#The three children, who all featured short stature and DSD, were subjected to G banding chromosomal karyotyping, multiplex PCR for Y chromosomal microdeletion, sequencing of the whole SRY gene, SNP-array analysis for genomic copy number variations, and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).@*RESULTS@#The combined analysis revealed chromosomal abnormalities in all of the three children, including 46,X,t(X;Y)(p22.3;q11.2) in case 1, mos 45,X,der(7)pus dic(Y:7)(p11.3p22)del(7)(p21.2p21.3) del(7)(p12.3p14.3) [56]/45,X [44] in case 2, and mos 45,X [50]/46,X,idic(Y)(q11.22) [42]/47,X,idem×2 [4]/47,XYY [2] in case 3.@*CONCLUSION@#Combined use of genetic techniques can delineate complex rearrangements involving Y chromosome in patients featuring short stature and DSD. Above findings have enabled molecular diagnosis and genetic counseling for the patients.


Subject(s)
Child , Chromosome Banding , Chromosomes, Human, Y/genetics , DNA Copy Number Variations , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Male , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Sex Chromosome Aberrations , Sex Chromosome Disorders of Sex Development/genetics
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869306

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic effects of Xpert MTB/RIF, Fluorescence PCR melting curve and gene chip technology for rapid screening of rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis.Methods:The clinical data of 150 patients diagnosed with tuberculosis by Bactec MGIT 960 liquid culture drug susceptibility in Zhejiang Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine Integrated Hospital from September 2016 to August 2019 were collected, including Xpert MTB/RIF and gene chip results. The isolated and cultured strains from patients were subjected to fluorescence PCR melting curve detection. Using Bactec MGIT 960 drug susceptibility results as the reference, the diagnostic efficacy of Xpert MTB/RIF, Fluorescence PCR melting curve and gene chip technology for rifampicin resistance were analyzed, and the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was drawn for comparative analysis.Results:Take Bactec MGIT 960 as the gold standard, the sensitivity of Xpert MTB/RIF, Fluorescence PCR melting curve and gene chip technology for rifampicin resistance were 88.89% (16/18), 94.44% (17/18), 88.89% (16/18) respectively; the specificity were 96.21% (127/132), 96.21% (127/132), 95.45% (126/132), respectively. There was no statistically significant difference in the sensitivity and specificity among the three detection methods ( P>0.05). The Kappa values of the three molecular methods for detecting rifampicin resistance were 0.794, 0.827 and 0.770, respectively. The three detection methods have good diagnostic value for rifampicin resistance ( P<0.01), but there is no statistically significant difference between the three methods ( P>0.05). There were 8 cases of inconsistent results between the three methods and Bactec MGIT 960 drug sensitivity. Conclusion:Xpert MTB/RIF, Fluorescence PCR melting curve and gene chip technology have comparable ability to detect rifampicin resistance, all of these have high sensitivity and specificity for detecting rifampicin resistance and are suitable for rapid screening.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868725

ABSTRACT

Radiation-induced cognitive dysfunction is a common complication in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma after undergoing radiotherapy, which has been proven to be associated with neurogenesis dysfunction, oligodendrocyte loss, vascular damage and abnormal cytokine expression. With the development of medicine, functional magnetic resonance image (fMRI) can detect the early lesions of cognitive dysfunction. Hippocampus-sparing technology and drug therapy (memantine, donepezil and bevacizumab) can mitigate radiation-induced cognitive dysfunction. In this article, the pathogenesis, neuroimaging, radiodosimetry and therapies of radiotherapy-induced cognitive dysfunction in nasopharynal carcinoma patients were reviewed.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868674

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the relationship between hematological examination combined with clinical factors and radiation-induced hypothyroidism (HT) in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).Methods:Clinical data of 206 patients with NPC who received radiotherapy in Cancer Hospital of University of Chinese Academy of Sciences between January 2015 to August 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The correlation between general clinical data, hematological examination and HT was analyzed to establish a hematological prediction model.Results:Univariate analysis showed that sex, N-stage, thyroid volume, average dose, V 20Gy, V 25Gy, V 30Gy, V 35Gy, V 40Gy, V 45Gy, fibrinogen content, cholinesterase and neutrophil count were closely associated with the incidence of HT. Multivariate analysis showed that thyroid volume, fibrinogen content and cholinesterase were the independent predictors of HT. Conclusion:The combination of sex, N-stage, thyroid volume, dose parameters, fibrinogen content, cholinesterase, neutrophil percentage and neutrophil count can predict the incidence of HT (AUC=0.777).

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868670

ABSTRACT

Radiation-induced oral mucositis (ROM) is one of the most common adverse events after radiotherapy for head and neck cancer, which may result in oral pain, dysphagia, poor nutrition or even radiotherapy interruption. Recently, increasing attention has been paid to the role of microorganisms in ROM. In this review, the pathogenesis and clinical manifestations of ROM, the role of microorganism in ROM and its mechanism and probiotic therapy were summarized.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868669

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the feasibility of hippocampal-avoidance (HA) prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) in small cell lung cancer patients (SCLC)(limited stage) after chemotherapy and thoracic radiation.Methods:From June 2016 to March 2019, 40 eligible SCLC patients were recruited and randomly divided into the routine PCI ( n=22) and hippocampal-avoidance PCI (HA-PCI) groups ( n=18). The HA zone was contoured according to the criteria of RTOG 0933. Volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) was adopted in the HA-PCI group. After radiotherapy, Hopkins verbal learning test (HVLT) and MRI were performed. Results:The average hippocampus volume was (4.01±1.57) cm 3, the average HA volume was (20.13±4.14) cm 3, HA D 100% was (7.19±0.38) Gy and HA D max was (14.38±1.18) Gy. During HVLT, 1-month-after-PCI vs. before-PCI (trial3, trial4, learning, percent retained), 1-month-after-PCI vs. after-PCI (trial3, learning), HA-PCI cohort showed advantages over PCI in HVLT scores. The average follow-up time was (17.00±8.47) months. Two patients with brain metastases which were out of the HAZ received routine PCI. Conclusions:PCI using VMAT technology to protect hippocampus is feasible in dosimetry. The test results indicate that the protective effect of hippocampus protection on memory is worthy of further promotion in clinical practice.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868539

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of two oral mucosal contouring methods for predicting acute radiation-induced oral mucositis (A-ROM) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients.Methods A total of 150 AJCC 7th stage Ⅱ-ⅣB NPCs receiving radical tomotherapy (TOMO) in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital from 2017 to 2019 were included in this prospective observational study.Oral cavity contour (OCC) and mucosal surface contour (MSC) were applied to delineate the oral mucosal structure.A-ROM grade was prospectively assessed and recorded weekly according to RTOG scoring criteria.The prediction value of two methods for A-ROM was statistically compared.Results The incidence rate of ≥ 3 grade A-ROM was 33.3%.In univariate analysis,V5,V10,V15,V45,V50,V55,V60,V65 and V70 of OCC and V5,V10,V50,V55,V60,V65,V70 and Dmean of MSC were significantly correlated with the risk of ≥3 grade A-ROM (all P<0.05).In binary logistic regression analysis,gender and smoking were significantly associated with the incidence of ≥3 grade A-ROM by using OCC (male vs.female:OR=0.141,95%CI=0.037-0.538,P=0.004;smoking vs.non-smoking:OR=5.109,95%CI=1.413-18.470,P=0.013).For MSC,gender,smoking,N stage and MSC-V55 were the independent predictors (male vs.female:OR=0.129,95%CI=0.032-0.519,P=0.004;smoking vs.non-smoking:OR=4.448,95%CI=1.224-16.164,P=0.023;N stage:OR=2.291,95%CI=1.268-4.137,P=0.006;MSC-V55:OR=1.432,95%CI=1.008-2.033,P=0.045).The cutoff value of MSC-V55 was 7.70%,the area under ROC curve was 0.754,the sensitivity and specificity were 0.680 and 0.740,retrospectively (all P<0.001).Conclusions Compared with OCC,MSC yields a higher prediction accuracy for the severity of A-ROM in nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients receiving TOMO treatment.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868480

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the dosimetry advantage of 3D-printed minimally invasive guided template used in local advanced cervical cancer intracavitary combined with interstitial radiotherapy.Methods:A total of 68 cases with locally advanced cervical cancer who were admitted to Hebei Cangzhou Hospital of intergrated traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine from May 2016 to August 2019 were selected. All the patients had eccentric tumor or large tumor (tumor diameter >5 cm) after radiotherapy. Intensity modulated radiotherapy was used for external radiotherapy, and intracavitary combined with interstitial radiotherapy was used for brachytherapy. The prescription dose of high-risk clinical target volume (HR-CTV) is 6 Gy/fraction, once a week, five fractions in total. Sixty-eight patients were randomly divided into two groups, 35 cases in the template group who received minimally invasive 3D printing guided template assisted intrauterine tube implantation and insertion needle implantation, and 33 patients in the free implantation group who received free hand intrauterine tube implantation and insertion needle implantation. The position and depth of the insertion needle were adjusted by CT-guidance, and the final CT image was transmitted to the Oncentra Brachy treatment planning system, then the target volume and organs at risk were delineated for planning and treatment.Results:A total of 340 brchytherapy plans were made, including 175 in the template group and 165 in the free implantation group. The D90 values of the HR-CTV and intermediate-risk clinical target volume (IR-CTV) in the template group were increased ( t=3.63, 2.45, P<0.05), and D2 cm3 values (dose of 2 cm 3 of organ at risk) of bladder, rectum and sigmoid colon were significantly decreased ( t=-2.81, -2.54, -2.33, P<0.05). At the same time, the average CT scanning times of each treatment in the template group was (1.78±0.53) times, the average duration of each treatment was (11.35±3.98) min, and the average number of needles used in each implant treatment was (5.21±1.37). The result of free implantation group was higher than that of the template group. The differences were statistically significant ( t=-2.26, -4.53, -3.21, P<0.05). Conclusions:For localized advanced cervical cancer patients with eccentric or large tumors, the 3D printed minimally invasive guided template for intracavitary and interstitial implantation has obvious dosimetry advantages, and the operation is simpler and the duration is shorter.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866328

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of Zhibitai capsule in the treatment of senile hyperlipidemia patients with phlegm and blood stasis syndrome.Methods:From June 2014 to June 2015, 126 elderly patients with primary hyperlipidemia of phlegm and blood stasis syndrome admitted to Hangzhou Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine were randomly divided into control group and observation group, with 63 cases in each group.The patients in the control group were given basic treatment plus atorvastatin calcium tablets, and the patients in the observation group were treated with Zhibitai capsule on the basis of the control study.Both two groups received continuous treatment for 12 weeks.The clinical efficacy, TCM syndrome integral, blood lipid, hemorheology and adverse reactions of the two groups were observed.Results:The total effective rate in the observation group was 92.1%(58/63), which was higher than 81.0%(51/63) in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant(χ 2=8.199, P<0.05). After treatment, the TCM syndrome score of the observation group was (9.31±1.78)points, which was lower than that of the control group[(15.88±2.35)points], and the difference was statistically significant( t=17.689, P<0.05). After treatment, the levels of total plasma cholesterol, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in the observation group were (5.16±0.28)mmol/L, (1.89±0.21)mmol/L, (3.34±0.11)mmol/L and (1.18±0.13)mmol/L, respectively, which in the control group were (5.31±0.15)mmol/L, (2.22±0.20)mmol/L, (3.47±0.16)mmol/L and (1.11±0.12)mmol/L, respectively, the differences between the two groups were statistically significant( t=3.748, 9.032, 5.314, 3.140, all P<0.05). After treatment, the whole blood low shear viscosity, high shear viscosity, plasma viscosity and fibrinogen in the observation group were (10.68±2.38)mPa/s, (4.11±0.31)mPa/s, (1.33±0.22)mPa/s, (3.01±0.22)g/L, respectively, which in the control group were (11.55±2.39)mPa/s, (4.43±0.30)mPa/s, (1.61±0.25)mPa/s, (3.25±0.22)g/L, respectively, the differences between the two groups were statistically significant( t=2.047, 5.888, 6.674, 6.123, all P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the adverse reactions between the two groups( P>0.05). Conclusion:Zhibitai capsule can effectively improve the clinical efficacy, improve TCM syndromes, reduce blood lipids and improve hemorheology parameters in elderly patients with hyperlipidemia syndrome of phlegm and blood stasis syndrome, with no obvious adverse reactions, which is worthy of clinical promotion.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864639

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the status quo of humanistic care of clinical nursing staff, and analyze its influencing factors to provide theoretical basis for improving the humanistic care ability of clinical nursing.Methods:The self-compiled questionnaire on the knowledge, attitude and practice of humanistic care of clinical nursing staff was adopted in June to July 2019 to select 2 136 nurses from five first-class tertiary general hospitals in Shandong province by random sampling method for the status survey.Results:The total score of humanistic care knowledge and practice of clinical nurses was 259.54±33.55, and the standard score was 82.39±10.65. Single factor analysis showed that the total score of humanistic care knowledge, credit and practice was statistically significant for clinical nurses with different gender, age, fertility status, relationship with parents, employment reasons, initial education background, department, working years, professional title, position, employment mode and night shift frequency ( t value was -2.604, F values were 2.667-23.692, all P < 0.01). Pearson correlation showed that in the pairwise correlation analysis of knowledge, belief/attitude and behavior dimension, there was positive correlation and the correlation coefficient ( r values were 0.638, 0.431, 0.560, all P < 0.01). Multiple stepwise regression analysis showed that: the influencing factors of knowledge, attitude and practice total score of clinical nursing staff on humanistic care were the relationship between the parents, employment way, night shift frequency, fertility status, and the employment reason, the initial degree, department, position ( β values were -0.132-0.126, all P < 0.05). Conclusions:The current situation of humanistic care knowledge and practice of clinical nursing staff is in the middle level. Relationship with parents, position, night shift frequency, fertility status, employment reasons, initial education background, department, and employment mode are the factors that affect the current situation of humanistic care, knowledge, attitude and practice of clinical nurses. Therefore, medical institutions should adopt targeted and focused training methods and intervention measures to improve the level of nursing staff′s knowledge, faith and practice from the aspects of different influencing factors of clinical nursing staff′s humanistic care.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864351

ABSTRACT

This paper mainly introduces the concept and theoretical basis of motivational interviewing, summarizes its application effect in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients, existing problems and prospects in the application process, and provides theoretical support and behavioral guidance for the further use of motivational interviewing health education for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799200

ABSTRACT

This paper mainly introduces the concept and theoretical basis of motivational interviewing, summarizes its application effect in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients, existing problems and prospects in the application process, and provides theoretical support and behavioral guidance for the further use of motivational interviewing health education for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798798

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the value of two oral mucosal contouring methods for predicting acute radiation-induced oral mucositis (A-ROM) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients.@*Methods@#A total of 150 AJCC 7th stage Ⅱ-IVB NPCs receiving radical tomotherapy (TOMO) in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital from 2017 to 2019 were included in this prospective observational study. Oral cavity contour (OCC) and mucosal surface contour (MSC) were applied to delineate the oral mucosal structure. A-ROM grade was prospectively assessed and recorded weekly according to RTOG scoring criteria. The prediction value of two methods for A-ROM was statistically compared.@*Results@#The incidence rate of ≥3 grade A-ROM was 33.3%. In univariate analysis, V5, V10, V15, V45, V50, V55, V60, V65 and V70 of OCC and V5, V10, V50, V55, V60, V65, V70 and Dmean of MSC were significantly correlated with the risk of ≥3 grade A-ROM (all P<0.05). In binary logistic regression analysis, gender and smoking were significantly associated with the incidence of ≥3 grade A-ROM by using OCC (male vs. female: OR=0.141, 95%CI=0.037-0.538, P=0.004; smoking vs.non-smoking: OR=5.109, 95%CI=1.413-18.470, P=0.013). For MSC, gender, smoking, N stage and MSC- V55 were the independent predictors (male vs. female: OR=0.129, 95%CI=0.032-0.519, P=0.004; smoking vs.non-smoking: OR=4.448, 95%CI=1.224-16.164, P=0.023; N stage: OR=2.291, 95%CI=1.268-4.137, P=0.006; MSC-V55: OR=1.432, 95%CI=1.008-2.033, P=0.045). The cutoff value of MSC-V55 was 7.70%, the area under ROC curve was 0.754, the sensitivity and specificity were 0.680 and 0.740, retrospectively (all P<0.001).@*Conclusions@#Compared with OCC, MSC yields a higher prediction accuracy for the severity of A-ROM in nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients receiving TOMO treatment.

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