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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 632-636, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924122

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#In recent decades, there is a decreasing trend in physical activity, which might be associated with decline in physical and mental health among children and adolescents in China. The outbreak and spread of the COVID-19 further aggravated this trend. Under the background of normalized epidemic prevention and control, in order to deeply understand the relationship between physical activity and physical and mental health of children and adolescents, this study sorted out relevant domestic and foreign literatures, and analyzed the effects of physical activity on children and adolescents health and fitness. The positive effects of physical activity, cognition, and mental health were found to be significantly different in the type, intensity, and time of physical activity in the related health effects.

2.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 841-856, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939846

ABSTRACT

Epilepsy is a common and severe brain disease affecting >65 million people worldwide. Recent studies have shown that kinesin superfamily motor protein 17 (KIF17) is expressed in neurons and is involved in regulating the dendrite-targeted transport of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subtype 2B (NR2B). However, the effect of KIF17 on epileptic seizures remains to be explored. We found that KIF17 was mainly expressed in neurons and that its expression was increased in epileptic brain tissue. In the kainic acid (KA)-induced epilepsy mouse model, KIF17 overexpression increased the severity of epileptic activity, whereas KIF17 knockdown had the opposite effect. In electrophysiological tests, KIF17 regulated excitatory synaptic transmission, potentially due to KIF17-mediated NR2B membrane expression. In addition, this report provides the first demonstration that KIF17 is modified by SUMOylation (SUMO, small ubiquitin-like modifier), which plays a vital role in the stabilization and maintenance of KIF17 in epilepsy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Epilepsy/metabolism , Kinesins/metabolism , Mice , Neurons/metabolism , Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate/metabolism , Seizures/metabolism
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934575

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the development of hypertension specialty and chronic disease management of county-level hospitals in China, for reference in improving the standardized chronic disease management level of hypertension in the counties.Methods:From September to November 2020, a questionnaire survey on 597 county-level hospitals in 24 provinces was conducted on a voluntary basis. The survey covered such areas as the setup of hypertension specialty, team building of professionals and the management regulations of chronic hypertension of the hospital. The survey data were analyzed by descriptive statistics.Results:Among the 597 county-level hospitals, 54(13.5%) hospitals had independent hypertension departments, 147(24.6%) had hypertension clinics, and 143(24.0%) hospitals had hypertension beds. 431(72.2%) hospitals had hypertension diagnosis and treatment process in outpatient clinics, 454(76.0%) hospitals had hypertension diagnosis and treatment process in wards, and 535(89.6%) hospitals had graded diagnosis and treatment process of hypertension. 473(79.2%) hospitals had established county medical alliance as the lead unit, including 167 compact medical alliances. 97.7% of the hospitals were equipped with basic hypertension risk stratification screening items, and 63.8% could carry out primary screening of secondary hypertension.Conclusions:The pattern of chronic diseases management of hypertension in county-level medical institutions has basically taken shape, but there is still room for improvement. In the future, we should focus on the construction of professional teams of hypertension, the standardized management of diagnosis and treatment of hypertension, and a smoother path of tiered medical service, so as to increase the health management level of hypertension in China.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884600

ABSTRACT

Hypothyroidism is a common complication in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma after radiotherapy, and its incidence is mainly associated with clinical factors, such as radiotherapy, chemotherapy, sex, age and clinical stage, etc. The normal tissue complication probability models of radiation-induced hypothyroidism can be established by using related factors, which can be employed to screen the high-risk patients. In this article, clinical factors related to radiation-induced hypothyroidism were summarized, aiming to prevent the early radiation-induced hypothyroidism, reduce the incidence of hypothyroidism and improve the quality of life of patients.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884548

ABSTRACT

Objective:To preliminarily evaluate the efficacy and safety of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for pulmonary oligometastatic tumors from head and neck carcinoma.Methods:Clinical data of 24 patients with pulmonary oligometastasis from head and neck carcinoma undergoing SBRT in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital from January 2014 to May 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Survival analysis was performed by Kaplan- Meier method. Results:Among the 24 patients, 12 cases were diagnosed with nasopharyngeal origin and 12 cases of non-nasopharyngeal origin. A total of 34 pulmonary metastatic lesions were treated with SBRT. The median follow-up time was 19.5 months. Thirteen cases developed new lesions after SBRT, and 9 of them occurred within 1 year after SBRT treatment. The actual 1-year local control rate was 95%. The median progression-free survival was 15.2 months, and the 1-and 2-year progression-free survival were 59% and 46%, respectively. The 2-and 3-years overall survival rate at were 71% and 51% fter lung metastasis, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that the patients with primary lesions located in nasopharynx and disease-free interval of more than 1 year had survival advantage. No more than grade 3 radiation-induced injury was observed in the whole cohort after SBRT, and the incidence of mild radiation-induced injury was 13%.Conclusions:SBRT is safe and effective in the treatment of pulmonary oligometastatsis from head and neck carcinoma, and it may be more effective for patients with primary tumors located in nasopharynx.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884520

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the main factors of hypothyroidism after radiotherapy and to identify the optimal thyroid dosimetric parameters by analyzing the dosimetric parameters of the thyroid.Methods:The general clinical characteristics and dosimetric parameters of 206 patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma treated in Cancer Hospital of University of Chinese Academy of Sciences were collected, and the correlation between them and the incidence of hypothyroidism was analyzed.Results:The incidence of hypothyroidism in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma after radiotherapy was 50.49%(104/206). Univariate analysis showed that gender, N-stage, volume, mean dose, V 20Gy, V 25Gy, V 30Gy, V 35Gy, V 40Gy, V 45Gy of thyroid were associated with the incidence of hypothyroidism. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that volume (≤12.82 cm 3) and mean dose of thyroid were the independent risk factors of hypothyroidism. Mean dose of thyroid combined with volume could significantly predict the incidence of hypothyroidism after radiotherapy. Conclusion:Mean dose of thyroid ≤ 47.21 Gy is the optimal dosimetric parameter for radiation-induced hypothyroidism, especially the patients with thyroid volume ≤ 12.82 cm 3 should pay more attention to the protection of thyroid gland during radiotherapy.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883967

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression levels of microRNA-124 (miR-124) and microRNA-494(miR-494) in the serum of elderly patients with Parkinson disease (PD) and its clinical significance.Methods:Ninety PD patients (PD group) who were hospitalized in Zhengzhou Central Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University from March 2018 to April 2020 were selected.At the same time, 100 non-PD elderly people examined in the physical examination center of the same hospital who matched with age and gender of PD patients were selected as the control group.After 12 hours of fasting, 4 ml of venous blood was taken from all subjects.All PD patients were graded by unified Parkinson disease rating scale(UPDRS) from the aspects of mental state, behavior and emotion, quality of life and motor examination, and graded by the Hoehn-Yahr rating scale for Parkinson disease.The expression levels of miR-124 and miR-494 in serum were detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR), and the diagnostic values of miR-124 and miR-494 in PD patients were evaluated by ROC curve.Results:Hoehn-Yahr grade of PD patients with UPDRS≤60 points was significantly lower than that of patients with UPDRS >60 points((2.47±0.43) vs (3.42±0.47))( t=9.055, P<0.001), and there was no significant difference in serum miR-124 and miR-494 expression levels((0.72±0.14) vs (0.70±0.12), (1.17±0.19) vs (1.18±0.22)) ( t=0.633, 0.230, P=0.529, 0.819). Compared with that in control group, the expression of miR-124 in PD group was down-regulated ((0.71±0.20) vs (1.05±0.24)), and the expression of miR-494 was up-regulated((1.18±0.26) vs (0.96±0.22)) ( t=10.542, 6.315, P<0.001). The results of ROC showed that the area under curve (AUC) of serum miR-124 and miR-494 in the diagnosis of PD were 0.847 and 0.760 respectively, the cutoff values were 0.901 and 1.126, respectively, the sensitivities were 86.67% and 61.11% respectively, and the specificities were 75.03% and 79.00% respectively. The AUC of the combined diagnosis of PD was 0.898, and the sensitivity and specificity were 85.56% and 85.00% respectively. Conclusions:The expression of miR-124 is low in PD patients, while the expression of miR-494 is high, which suggests that the changes of the two miRNA levels may be related with the occurrence and development of PD.Both of them have a certain diagnostic value for PD, and the value of combined diagnosis is higher.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912770

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the status quo of occupational engagement of junior nurses and related influencing factors, and to provide reference for managers to develop a positive incentive mechanism.Methods:From November 2020 to December 2020, 255 junior nursing staff with less than or equal to 3 years seniority at 3 tertiary general hospitals in Tianjin were selected. Questionnaire surveys were made on their occupational engagement, occupational values, job satisfaction for nursing, and general self-efficacy. Descriptive analysis and t test were used to probe into their current occupational engagement, and build a relational model on the occupational satisfaction, and the relational model of between their occupational values and self-efficiency in general of these nursing staff. Results:The total scoring of the occupational engagement scale for 255 junior nursing staff was 78.47±19.93, which was higher than the domestic norm level, and the difference was statistically significant( t=11.48, P<0.001). The results of the structural equation model showed that the overall effect on the occupational engagement of junior nurses from high to low were as follows: self-efficacy( β=0.599), professional values( β=0.323)and job satisfaction( β=0.275). Conclusions:These nursing staff feature high occupational engagement. Hospital administrators are recommended to strength training, provide timely support and incentives for their sustained improvement of self-efficiency, meet their individual career development needs for higher job satisfaction, and focus on shaping their occupational values as well.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910542

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) combined with chemotherapy for treating patients with T 1-2N 1M 0 nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Methods:343 patients diagnosed with T 1-2N 1M 0 NPC in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital and Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from January 2008 to December 2016 were recruited in this study. All patients received IMRT and divided into the radiotherapy (RT) and chemoradiotherapy (CRT) groups. Patients in the CRT group were further assigned into the concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT), induction chemotherapy+ CCRT (IC+ CCRT) and CCRT+ adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) groups. Locoregional failure-free survival (LRFFS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), progression-free survival (PFS), cancer-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS) were estimated by Kaplan- Meier method. Multivariate prognostic analysis was performed by Cox models. Results:The median follow-up time for surviving patients (303/343) was 91(range: 49-138) months. The 5-year OS, CSS, PFS, LRFFS, and DMFS rates in the CRT group were not superior to those of the RT group (93.7%: 93.9%, 93.7%: 93.9%, 89.0%: 87.7%, 93.8%: 92.8%, 93.8%: 91.2%, all P>0.05). No significant difference was found in treatment outcomes of patients with T 1N 1 or T 2N 1 NPC between two groups (all P>0.05). In multivariable analyses, only age was an independent prognostic factor for OS, PFS, CSS and DMFS, and negative correlation was found between them. No survival benefits were achieved in the CCRT, IC+ CCRT, CCRT+ AC and RT groups, and no significant differences were found in clinical efficacy among the three combined (all P>0.05). Conclusions:IMRT alone yields comparable clinical efficacy to CRT in treating patients with T 1-2N 1M 0 NPC. However, whether CT can be eliminated in the T 1-2N 1M 0 population still needs further confirmation by prospective, randomized and controlled clinical trials.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910459

ABSTRACT

With the advancement of imaging diagnosis and the development of modern radiotherapy, the survival of cancer patients has been prolonged and the incidence rate of brain metastases (BM) has been significantly increased. The quality of life of patients and potential radiotherapy-induced neurocognitive impairment have gradually captivated widespread attention. Whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) is one of the common local therapies for BM patients. However, the application of WBRT is controversial because it may lead to neurocognitive impairment. The incidence of metastatic tumors in hippocampus and radiation-induced neurocognitive impairment can accelerate the implementation of hippocampal-avoidance WBRT (HA-WBRT). In this article, the feasibility of HA-WBRT was discussed and research progress in recent years was reviewed.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910446

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between the changes of oral bacterial flora during head and neck radiotherapy and radiation-induced oral mucositis (ROM).Methods:The oral bacterial samples of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma and accompanying family members were obtained before and at the end of radiotherapy and subjected to high-throughput sequencing. C57BL/6 mice were used to establish the ROM models. On the 9 th day after radiotherapy, oral bacterial samples were collected in the radiotherapy group and the negative control group. On the 3 rd, 5 th, 7 th, and 9 th days post-radiotherapy, the tongue tissues were obtained from another batch of mice in the negative control and radiotherapy groups. Inflammatory factors were detected with PCR and HE staining was performed. Results:The oral bacterial diversity of patients after radiotherapy significantly differed from that of patients before radiotherapy and their accompanying family members before and after radiotherapy in Observed species, Chao1, Simpson index (all P<0.05). There was a significant difference in Shannon index between the severe and mild ROM patients ( P=0.036). LEfSe analysis showed that patients with severe ROM had higher levels of g_ Streptococcus and f_ Streptococcus, and lower levels of f_ Familyxl, g_ Gemini and o_ Bacillus. The Simpson index and PCoA results in the oral bacterial samples significantly differed between the negative control and radiotherapy groups (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Radiotherapy can disrupt the balance of bacterial flora. The dysregulated oral bacterial flora is closely associated with the aggravation of ROM.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909806

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the drug resistance of patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) who failed antiviral therapy.Methods:A total of 156 AIDS patients with antiviral therapy failure at the Sixth People′s Hospital of Zhengzhou from October 2017 to December 2018 were selected. The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 ViroSeq? genotyping method was used for the detection of HIV resistance, and Stanford University HIV drug resistance database (http: ∥hivdb.stanford.edu/) was used for testing results comparison.Results:Among the 156 AIDS patients with antiviral therapy failure, 122(78.21%) developed drug resistance. One hundred and six (67.95%) cases were multi-resistant to nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI), among which, 104 (66.67%) were resistant to lamivudine, emtricitabine and abacavir. One hundred and eighteen (75.64%) were resistant to non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI), and 118 (75.64%) were multi-resistant to efavirenz and nevirapine. And seven (4.49%) were resistant to protease inhibitor (PI). There were 16 resistant sites for NRTI, with 87 (71.31%) most frequent M184V/I mutations. There were 13 resistant sites for NNRTI, with 49 (40.16%) K103N/R mutations. There were 11 resistant sites for PI, with 49 (40.16%) A71V/T mutations. The antiviral drugs lamivudine and emtricitabine were moderately and highly resistant in 102 (83.61%) cases, efavirenz and nevirapine were moderately and highly resistant in 117 (95.90%) cases. Once drug resistance developed, these drugs were likely to be moderate or high resistance. There were 29 (23.77%), 48 (39.34%), and five (4.10%) cases were resistant to zidovudine, tenofovir and lopinavir/ritonavir, respectively. The resistance barrier of these drugs was relatively high.Conclusion:The incidence of drug resistance in patients with AIDS treatment failure is high, and multi-drug resistance is serious with various sites of drug resistance.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908576

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics of two Han families with familial vitreous amyloidosis (FVA) and the gene mutation.Methods:A pedigree investigation was performed.Two Han Chinese families with FVA treated in Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from January 2015 to December 2018 were collected.General examination and ophthalmic examination were performed among 112 members of the two families.Peripheral blood samples were collected from 32 family members (15 patients in MZ001 pedigree, 7 patients in MZ002 pedigree, and 5 persons with normal clinical phenotype from each pedigree) for DNA extraction, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification, transthyretin ( TTR) gene screening and sequencing.Vitreous biopsy following three-channel 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy was performed on the two probands in the two families.Vitreous specimens were sent for pathological examination.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by an Ethics Committee of Xiangya Hospital of Central South University (No.201412463), and written informed consent was obtained from all subjects before any medical examination. Results:In MZ001, there were 15 cases of the 63 members presented bilateral vitreous opacity at an average age of (43.6±5.8) years.No lesion was found in nervous system, cardiovascular system, kidney or liver in general inspection.The vitreous of the proband (Ⅲ13) was so sticky that could not be totally removed during vitrectomy.The vitreous specimen showed positive Congo red staining.Ⅲ13 had elevated intraocular pressure after vitrectomy and was diagnosed as open-angle glaucoma.Gene sequencing revealed Gly83Arg mutation in the exon 3 of TTR gene.In MZ002, 7 cases of 49 members had bilateral vitreous opacity at an average age of (50.4±5.5) years, among which, 3 cases appeared symptoms of limb numbness and decreased muscle strength.The vitreous body of the proband (Ⅱ11) in MZ002 pedigree was looser and easier to remove during vitrectomy than that of Ⅲ13 in MZ001 pedigree.Vitreous specimen of Ⅱ11 was positive with Congo red staining.Gene sequencing revealed an Ala36Pro variant in the exon 3 of TTR gene. Conclusions:Gly83Arg or Ala36Pro mutation of TTR gene can cause FVA.Different mutations can lead to different clinical phenotypes such as age of onset, clinical symptoms and complications of other systems.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908555

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role and mechanism of retinal Sigma-1 receptor antagonist N, N-diethyl-2-[4-methoxy-3-(2-phenylethoxy)phenyl]ethanaminehydrochloride (NE-100) in the formation of form deprivation myopia (FDM) in guinea pigs.Methods:Eighty-five 21-day-old guinea pigs were selected, and 36 of them were randomly divided into normal control group, occluded 14-day group and occluded 11-day group, with 12 in each group.The right eyes of guinea pigs in the occluded 14-day group were covered with translucent eye shield for consecutive 14 days, and guinea pigs in the occluded 11-day group were treated in the same way for consecutive 11 days plus 3 days without cover, and guinea pigs in the normal control group were not covered.The other 49 guinea pigs were randomly divided into FDM group ( n=10), FDM+ NE-100 6 μg group ( n=12), FDM+ NE-100 60 μg group ( n=10), FDM+ NE-100 600 μg group ( n=9), and FDM+ saline group ( n=8). The right eyes in each group received 100 μl peribulbar injection of NE-100 6 μg, 60 μg and 600 μg or saline once a day according to grouping.Ocular refraction and axial dimensions were measured using eccentric infrared photorefractor and A-scan ultrasonography, respectively.Corneal curvature was measured with keratometer.Immunohistochemical staining and Western blot were used to detect the expression levels of Sigma-1 receptor protein, and retinal dopamine content was evaluated by high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection.This study was approved by an Ethics Committee of the Department of Laboratory Animal Science of Central South University (No.2020sydw0084). The use and care of experimental animals followed the Regulations for the Administration of Affairs Concerning Experimental Animals in China. Results:There were statistical significant differences in diopter and axial length among the normal control group, occluded 14-day group and occluded 11-day group ( F=147.81, 160.10; both at P<0.01). Compared with the normal control group, the relative myopia was the deepest and the axial length was the longest in the occluded 14-day group, then the occluded 11-day group, showing significant differences between them (all at P<0.05). In the normal control group, Sigma-1 protein was mainly expressed in retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), photoreceptor inner segment and the inner nuclear layer.In the occluded 14-day group, Sigma-1 protein staining was enhanced in RGCs and photoreceptor inner segment.Sigma-1 staining positive cells in the inner nuclear layer were increased significantly and were also seen in the inner and outer plexiform layers, especially in Müller cells, in which the expression levels of Sigma-1 receptor protein were significantly increased.Compared with the occluded 14-day group, the Sigma-1 receptor protein expression levels in the retina of the occluded 11-day group was significantly decreased ( P<0.01). The diopters of guinea pigs in the FDM+ NE-100 6 μg, 60 μg and 600 μg groups were lower than those in the FDM group, and the diopters of FDM+ NE-100 60 μg and 600 μg guinea pigs were lower than those in the FDM+ NE-100 6 μg group, and the differences were statistically significant (all at P<0.05). The dopamine content in the retina of the FDM+ NE-100 60 μg group was (0.74±0.09) ng/mg, which was significantly higher than (0.57±0.10) ng/mg in the FDM group, with a significant difference between them ( t=15.18, P<0.01). Conclusions:Sigma-1 receptor antagonist inhibits FDM formation, which may be associated with the elevation of dopamine content in retina.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878538

ABSTRACT

Microbial fuel cell (MFC) is a bioelectrochemical device, that enables simultaneous wastewater treatment and energy generation. However, a few issues such as low output power, high ohmic internal resistance, and long start-up time greatly limit MFCs' applications. MFC anode is the carrier of microbial attachment, and plays a key role in the generation and transmission of electrons. High-quality bioelectrodes have developed into an effective way to improve MFC performance. Conjugated polymers have advantages of low cost, high conductivity, chemical stability and good biocompatibility. The use of conjugated polymers to modify bioelectrodes can achieve a large specific surface area and shorten the charge transfer path, thereby achieving efficient biological electrochemical performance. In addition, bacteria can be coated with nano-scale conjugated polymer and effectively transfer the electrons generated by cells to electrodes. This article reviews the recently reported applications of conjugated polymers in microbial fuel cells, focusing on the MFC anode materials modified by conjugated polymers. This review also systematically analyzes the advantages and limitations of conjugated polymers, and how these composite hybrid bioelectrodes solve practical issues such as low energy output, high inner resistance, and long starting time.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Bioelectric Energy Sources , Electricity , Electrodes , Polymers , Water Purification
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882939

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the rehabilitation efficacy of early mobilization based on collaboration care model for patients with laparoscopic colorectal surgery.Methods:Cluster sampling method was used in the department to recruit colorectal cancer patients with laparoscopic surgery. The control group (49 cases) received routine perioperative care and exercise, and the intervention group (47 cases) received the coordinated early mobilization combined with routine perioperative care and exercise, from January to March 2019. Primary outcome were health status and the proportion of patients returning to preoperative functional walking capacity (6-min walk test) at 4 weeks after surgery. The in-hospital mobilization (time out-of-bed), time to achieve discharge criteria, time to recover gastrointestinal function and complication rate were explored.Results:In intervention group,89.4%(42/47) of patients achieved mobilization target on 4 days after surgery compared with 42.6%(20/47) on the day of surgery. Time out of bed were greater in the intervention group compared with the control group, and there were differences between the two groups( Z values were -8.437--7.381, P<0.01). Time to recover gastrointestinal function and the recovery of energy on 3 days after surgery were (58.74±17.41) h, (59.02±9.46) points in the observation group, and (71.82±21.53) h, (62.61±7.68) points in the control group, and there were significant differences between the two groups ( t values were -3.263, -2.046, P<0.05). But other outcome measures were not different between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:For colorectal laparoscopic surgery patients, the coordinated early mobilization improved the adherence to ambulation, in-hospital mobilization, time to recover gastrointestinal function and recovery of energy to promote rehabilitation.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 340-354, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881140

ABSTRACT

Enormous studies have corroborated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) extensively participate in crucial physiological processes such as metabolism and immunity, and are closely related to the occurrence and development of tumors, cardiovascular diseases, nervous system disorders, nephropathy, and other diseases. The application of lncRNAs as biomarkers or intervention targets can provide new insights into the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. This paper has focused on the emerging research into lncRNAs as pharmacological targets and has reviewed the transition of lncRNAs from the role of disease coding to acting as drug candidates, including the current status and progress in preclinical research. Cutting-edge strategies for lncRNA modulation have been summarized, including the sources of lncRNA-related drugs, such as genetic technology and small-molecule compounds, and related delivery methods. The current progress of clinical trials of lncRNA-targeting drugs is also discussed. This information will form a latest updated reference for research and development of lncRNA-based drugs.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798798

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the value of two oral mucosal contouring methods for predicting acute radiation-induced oral mucositis (A-ROM) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients.@*Methods@#A total of 150 AJCC 7th stage Ⅱ-IVB NPCs receiving radical tomotherapy (TOMO) in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital from 2017 to 2019 were included in this prospective observational study. Oral cavity contour (OCC) and mucosal surface contour (MSC) were applied to delineate the oral mucosal structure. A-ROM grade was prospectively assessed and recorded weekly according to RTOG scoring criteria. The prediction value of two methods for A-ROM was statistically compared.@*Results@#The incidence rate of ≥3 grade A-ROM was 33.3%. In univariate analysis, V5, V10, V15, V45, V50, V55, V60, V65 and V70 of OCC and V5, V10, V50, V55, V60, V65, V70 and Dmean of MSC were significantly correlated with the risk of ≥3 grade A-ROM (all P<0.05). In binary logistic regression analysis, gender and smoking were significantly associated with the incidence of ≥3 grade A-ROM by using OCC (male vs. female: OR=0.141, 95%CI=0.037-0.538, P=0.004; smoking vs.non-smoking: OR=5.109, 95%CI=1.413-18.470, P=0.013). For MSC, gender, smoking, N stage and MSC- V55 were the independent predictors (male vs. female: OR=0.129, 95%CI=0.032-0.519, P=0.004; smoking vs.non-smoking: OR=4.448, 95%CI=1.224-16.164, P=0.023; N stage: OR=2.291, 95%CI=1.268-4.137, P=0.006; MSC-V55: OR=1.432, 95%CI=1.008-2.033, P=0.045). The cutoff value of MSC-V55 was 7.70%, the area under ROC curve was 0.754, the sensitivity and specificity were 0.680 and 0.740, retrospectively (all P<0.001).@*Conclusions@#Compared with OCC, MSC yields a higher prediction accuracy for the severity of A-ROM in nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients receiving TOMO treatment.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869306

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic effects of Xpert MTB/RIF, Fluorescence PCR melting curve and gene chip technology for rapid screening of rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis.Methods:The clinical data of 150 patients diagnosed with tuberculosis by Bactec MGIT 960 liquid culture drug susceptibility in Zhejiang Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine Integrated Hospital from September 2016 to August 2019 were collected, including Xpert MTB/RIF and gene chip results. The isolated and cultured strains from patients were subjected to fluorescence PCR melting curve detection. Using Bactec MGIT 960 drug susceptibility results as the reference, the diagnostic efficacy of Xpert MTB/RIF, Fluorescence PCR melting curve and gene chip technology for rifampicin resistance were analyzed, and the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was drawn for comparative analysis.Results:Take Bactec MGIT 960 as the gold standard, the sensitivity of Xpert MTB/RIF, Fluorescence PCR melting curve and gene chip technology for rifampicin resistance were 88.89% (16/18), 94.44% (17/18), 88.89% (16/18) respectively; the specificity were 96.21% (127/132), 96.21% (127/132), 95.45% (126/132), respectively. There was no statistically significant difference in the sensitivity and specificity among the three detection methods ( P>0.05). The Kappa values of the three molecular methods for detecting rifampicin resistance were 0.794, 0.827 and 0.770, respectively. The three detection methods have good diagnostic value for rifampicin resistance ( P<0.01), but there is no statistically significant difference between the three methods ( P>0.05). There were 8 cases of inconsistent results between the three methods and Bactec MGIT 960 drug sensitivity. Conclusion:Xpert MTB/RIF, Fluorescence PCR melting curve and gene chip technology have comparable ability to detect rifampicin resistance, all of these have high sensitivity and specificity for detecting rifampicin resistance and are suitable for rapid screening.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868725

ABSTRACT

Radiation-induced cognitive dysfunction is a common complication in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma after undergoing radiotherapy, which has been proven to be associated with neurogenesis dysfunction, oligodendrocyte loss, vascular damage and abnormal cytokine expression. With the development of medicine, functional magnetic resonance image (fMRI) can detect the early lesions of cognitive dysfunction. Hippocampus-sparing technology and drug therapy (memantine, donepezil and bevacizumab) can mitigate radiation-induced cognitive dysfunction. In this article, the pathogenesis, neuroimaging, radiodosimetry and therapies of radiotherapy-induced cognitive dysfunction in nasopharynal carcinoma patients were reviewed.

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