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1.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 977-982, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989739

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of Zhonghua Dieda Pills; To preliminarily explore its mechanism on adjuvant arthritis model rats.Methods:Three inflammatory models and two pain models were used to investigate the anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of Zhonghua Dieda Pills. After establishing the adjuvant arthritis rat model, the rats were divided into normal group, model group, dexamethasone group (0.8 mg/kg), and Zhonghua Dieda Pills (2.0, 1.0, 0.5 g/kg) groups according to random number table method. Each group was given corresponding drugs once a day for 5 weeks. The toe volume was measured at 1, 3 and 5 weeks after administration, and the swelling degree was calculated; the organ indices of rats were calculated and the histopathological changes of articular cartilage were observed by HE staining; the expressions of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) in joint tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry.Results:Zhonghua Dieda Pills (2.0 g/kg) group significantly reduced the swelling of foot and plantar of rats, reduced the swelling of ear of mice, and reduced the dry weight of granuloma of rats ( P<0.05); Zhonghua Dieda Pills (1.4 g/kg) group significantly reduced the number of twisting of rats, and the pain threshold after 3 h of administration was significantly higher than that of the control group ( P<0.05); Zhonghua Dieda Pills (2.0 g/kg) group significantly reduced the swelling of the foot and metatarsal of arthritic rats after 3-5 weeks of administration ( P<0.05), decreased the thymus index ( P<0.05), and reduced the expression levels of IL-1β, TNF-α and TGF-β in joint tissues ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Zhonghua Dieda Pills have confirmed anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, which may play a therapeutic role in adjuvant arthritis model rats by reducing the levels of inflammatory factors such as IL-1β, TNF-α and TGF-β.

2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 337-346, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970378

ABSTRACT

The kidney is the body's most important organ and the protein components in urine could be detected for diagnosing certain diseases. The amount of IgG protein in urine could be used to determine the degree of kidney function damage. IgG protein in human urine was detected by vertical flow paper-based microfluidic chip, double-antibody sandwich immunoreaction, and cell phone image processing. The results showed that using an IgG antibody concentration of 500 μg/mL and a gold standard antibody concentration of 100 μg/mL, the image signal showed a good linear relationship in the range of IgG concentration of 0.2-3.2 μg/mL, with R2=0.973 3 achieved. A complete set of detection devices were designed and the detection method showed good non-specificity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Microfluidics , Immunoglobulin G , Kidney , Microfluidic Analytical Techniques
3.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 383-400, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982709

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in excess deaths worldwide. Conventional antiviral medicines have been used to relieve the symptoms, with limited therapeutic effect. In contrast, Lianhua Qingwen Capsule is reported to exert remarkable anti-COVID-19 effect. The current review aims to: 1) uncover the main pharmacological actions of Lianhua Qingwen Capsule for managing COVID-19; 2) verify the bioactive ingredients and pharmacological actions of Lianhua Qingwen Capsule by network analysis; 3) investigate the compatibility effect of major botanical drug pairs in Lianhua Qingwen Capsule; and 4) clarify the clinical evidence and safety of the combined therapy of Lianhua Qingwen Capsule and conventional drugs. Numerous bioactive ingredients in Lianhu Qingwen, such as quercetin, naringenin, β-sitosterol, luteolin, and stigmasterol, were identified to target host cytokines, and to regulate the immune defence in response to COVID-19. Genes including androgen receptor (AR), myeloperoxidase (MPO), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), insulin (INS), and aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) were found to be significantly involved in the pharmacological actions of Lianhua Qingwen Capsule against COVID-19. Four botanical drug pairs in Lianhua Qingwen Capsule were shown to have synergistic effect for the treatment of COVID-19. Clinical studies demonstrated the medicinal effect of the combined use of Lianhua Qingwen Capsule and conventional drugs against COVID-19. In conclusion, the four main pharmacological mechanisms of Lianhua Qingwen Capsule for managing COVID-19 are revealed. Therapeutic effect has been noted against COVID-19 in Lianhua Qingwen Capsule.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , Pandemics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19 Drug Treatment
4.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 43-48, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993278

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the predictive value of parameters extracted from circular region-of-interest (ROI) with whole-liver histogram on gadoxetic acid disodium (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced T 1 map for postoperative liver failure in patients with liver focal lesions. Methods:The data of patients who underwent Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI for focal liver lesions in Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University from March 2016 to March 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. Forty patients were enrolled, including 30 males and 10 females, aged (56.6±12.1) years. According to the occurrence of postoperative liver failure, forty patients were divided into liver failure group ( n=14) and control group ( n=26). The parameters extracted from circular ROIs and whole liver histogram on T 1 map before Gd-EOB-DTPA enhancement and in hepatobiliary phase (HBP) were compared between the two groups. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the value of these parameters in predicting postoperative liver failure. Results:The mean, standard deviation, median and 95% quantile of T 1 HBP in histogram parameters of liver failure group were significantly higher than those of control group (all P<0.05). The three parameters extracted from circular ROIs were not effective in predicting liver failure after hepatectomy (all P>0.05). Among all the liver histogram parameters, the area under the ROC curve of the 95% quantile before T 1 enhancement for predicting postoperative liver failure was 0.702 (95% CI: 0.523-0.881), the standard deviation of T 1 HBP was 0.739 (95% CI: 0.568-0.910), and the 95% quantile of T 1 HBP was 0.721 (95% CI: 0.540-0.903). The predictive efficacy were good (all P<0.05). Among them, the predictive performance of T 1 HBP standard deviation was the best, the area under the ROC curve was 0.739, the sensitivity was 85.7%, the specificity was 57.7%, and the best threshold was 54.8 ms. Conclusions:When Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced T 1 mapping is used to predict postoperative liver failure in patients with focal liver lesions, the whole-liver histogram analysis is superior to the conventional circular ROI-based statistical method.

5.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 455-460, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992117

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the relevant factors affecting the frequency and behavior of health check-up among the population of medical examinees.Methods:From January to June 2022, 491 health examinees who had health check-ups at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University were included.Basic information of the check-up population and their needs for check-up services (form of check-up, content of check-up, cost of check-up, form of feedback on check-up results, and needs for check-up providers) were obtained based on a questionnaire survey.According to the frequency of previous medical check-up, the examinees were divided into never-check-up group (frequency of check-up was 0, n=45), the irregular check-up group (the interval between two physical examinations >1 year, n=49) and the regular check-up group (frequency of check-up=1 year, n=347). The frequency of previous medical check-up was used as the dependent variable, and the age, gender, education level, income, form of medical check-up and cost of medical check-up were used as independent variables to analyse the relevant factors affecting the frequency of their medical check-ups.The above count data were analyzed by one-way analysis using chi-square test, and the count data with statistically significant differences in one-way analysis were analyzed by binary logistic regression.The statistical software was SPSS 21.0. Results:The study included 491 medical examinees, of which 9.16%(45/491) were in the never-check-up group, 20.16%(99/491) in the irregular check-up group and 70.68%(347/491) in the regular check-up group. The impact of demography characteristics of physical examinees on the frequency of health check-up, and there were statistically significant differences in the frequency of health check-up in terms of gender, job, education, and income ( χ2=21.826, 157.113, 104.764, 45.486, all P<0.05). The understanding of health check-up and the attention paid to one's own health were influencing factors that affected the frequency of health check-up. There were statistically significant differences in the frequency of health check-up in necessity of health check-up, attention to one's own health, health check-up forms, health check-up institutions, health check-up price and health check-up contents ( χ2=9.277, 25.863188.239, 59.115, 39.250, 28.314, all P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed gender, job type, monthly income, necessity of health check-up, concerns for items of check-up, forms and institutions of check-up were influencing factor of health check-up frequency(all P<0.05). Conclusion:The health check-up behavior of the population and the frequency of regular medical check-ups are influenced by the factors such as gender, education, occupation, income, form of medical check-up, price of medical check-up, choice of medical check-up institution and the degree of concern for one’s own health. The popularisation of health check-ups for special groups such as men, low-income people, low literacy and insufficient awareness of the importance of one’s own health will help improve the overall health awareness of the population.

6.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 509-516, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995318

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of protein phosphatase 4 catalytic subunit (PP4C) in regulating hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx) levels and its effects on the biological functions of HBx, thus to provide a potential therapeutic targets for hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma.Methods:In vivo and in vitro interactions between HBx and PP4C were analyzed by co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) and GST pull-down assay. Recombinant plasmids of PP4C and HBx were co-transfected with Lipofectamine 3000 reagents into hepatoma cells to detect the protein levels of HBx by Western blot. The half-life of HBx in the transfected cells treated with cycloheximide (CHX) were detected. The phosphorylation assay was used to evaluate the effects of PP4C on HBx phosphorylation. CCK8 assay, wound healing assay and Matrigel invasion chamber assay were used to analyze the effects of PP4C on the biological functions of HBx. Results:PP4C interacted with HBx in vivo and in vitro. PP4C overexpression significantly increased the protein level and stability of HBx and the phosphorylation assay confirmed that PP4C overexpression decreased the serine phosphorylation of HBx in hepatoma cells. PP4C overexpression enhanced the migration and invasion of hepatoma cells, but had no significant effects on the proliferation. Conclusions:The interactions between HBx and PP4C promoted the stability of HBx and ultimately enhanced the migration and invasion of hepatoma cells, and the mechanisms might be related to the decrease of HBx serine phosphorylation by PP4C. This study provided a theoretical basis for further investigation of the pathogenic mechanisms of HBx, and targeting PP4C and HBx interaction might provide insights for developing novel treatment for HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma.

7.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 120-127, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993724

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyse the clinical characteristics and antiviral therapy in immunosuppressed hospitalized patients with influenza.Methods:The clinical data of 273 patients with positive influenza A or B virus nucleic acid admitted in Peking University People’s Hospital from November 2015 to March 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 123 were immunosuppressed and 150 were non-immunosuppressed. The clinical characteristics and antiviral therapy in immunosuppressed patients with influenza were analyzed. SPSS 22.0 software was used to analyze the data.Results:Chemotherapy for malignancies was the most common cause of immunosuppression (61.8%, 76/123), followed by haemopoietic stem cell transplantation (24.4%, 30/123). The common symptoms were fever (93.5%, 115/123) and cough (41.5%, 51/123). The proportions of co-infections (22.8%, 28/123) and complications (43.9%, 54/123) in immunosuppressed hospitalized patients were higher than those in non-immunosuppressed patients ( χ2=9.365 and 7.496, both P<0.01). Compared with single drug therapy, combination of antiviral drugs did not shorten the fever time, negative conversion time of virus nucleic acid and the length of hospital stay, and reduce the death ( U/ χ2=312.5, 356.0, 749.5 and 0.185, all P>0.05). Compared to patients without corticosteroids use, the use of corticosteroids did not increase mortality in immunosuppressed patients ( χ2=2.508, P=0.113). Conclusions:Classical symptoms may be absent in immunosuppressed patients with influenza, and early detection of influenza virus is still an important means of early diagnosis. Co-infections and complications are more common in immunosuppressed influenza patients. Immunosuppressed influenza patients did not benefit from the combination of antiviral therapy.

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1719-1731, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980961

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Angiogenesis is described as a complex process in which new microvessels sprout from endothelial cells of existing vasculature. This study aimed to determine whether long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) H19 induced the angiogenesis of gastric cancer (GC) and its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Gene expression level was determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. Cell counting kit-8, transwell, 5-Ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU), colony formation assay, and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) angiogenesis assay as well as Matrigel plug assay were conducted to study the proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis of GC in vitro and in vivo . The binding protein of H19 was found by RNA pull-down and RNA Immunoprecipitation (RIP). High-throughput sequencing was performed and next Gene Ontology (GO) as well as Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis was conducted to analyze the genes that are under H19 regulation. Methylated RIP (me-RIP) assay was used to investigate the sites and abundance among target mRNA. The transcription factor acted as upstream of H19 was determined through chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and luciferase assay.@*RESULTS@#In this study, we found that hypoxia-induced factor (HIF)-1α could bind to the promoter region of H19, leading to H19 overexpression. High expression of H19 was correlated with angiogenesis in GC, and H19 knocking down could inhibit cell proliferation, migration and angiogenesis. Mechanistically, the oncogenic role of H19 was achieved by binding with the N 6 -methyladenosine (m 6 A) reader YTH domain-containing family protein 1 (YTHDF1), which could recognize the m 6 A site on the 3'-untransated regions (3'-UTR) of scavenger receptor class B member 1 (SCARB1) mRNA, resulting in over-translation of SCARB1 and thus promoting the proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis of GC cells.@*CONCLUSION@#HIF-1α induced overexpression of H19 via binding with the promoter of H19, and H19 promoted GC cells proliferation, migration and angiogenesis through YTHDF1/SCARB1, which might be a beneficial target for antiangiogenic therapy for GC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Hypoxia , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Scavenger Receptors, Class B/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics
9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 237-249, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978470

ABSTRACT

Cerebral hemorrhage accounts for about 10%-15% of all strokes, and its pathogenesis is complex. Currently, the main clinical treatment is mainly medical symptomatic treatment, including the use of antihypertensive drugs, hypoglycemic drugs, and hemostatic drugs, and surgical treatment is required in some cases, but there is still a lack of effective treatment. In recent years, traditional Chinese medicine and proprietary Chinese medicine have been widely accepted for their stable efficacy, high safety, and low cost. Rhei Radix et Rhizoma is one of the most commonly used herbal medicines for the treatment of cerebral hemorrhage. This paper summarizes the relevant literature on the treatment of cerebral hemorrhage with Rhei Radix et Rhizoma and finds that its active ingredients are mainly anthraquinones, such as emodin, Rhei Radix et Rhizoma acid, and Rhei Radix et Rhizoma phenol. The herbal formulas are Da Chengqitang, Shengdi Dahuangtang, Liangxue Tongyufang, and Naoxueshu oral liquid. The effects involve protecting the blood-brain barrier, promoting hematoma absorption, reducing inflammation levels, decreasing lactic acid accumulation at the bleeding site, and increasing the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factors. The pathways involved include aquaporin 4 (AQP4), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt), extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), nuclear transcription factor-κB (NF-κB), nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), and Wnt3a/β-linked protein pathway. This paper summarizes the progress of clinical studies and animal experiments on the treatment of cerebral hemorrhage with active ingredients of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma and herbal compounds containing Rhei Radix et Rhizoma, so as to provide a reference for the treatment protocol of cerebral hemorrhage.

10.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 121-124, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934575

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the development of hypertension specialty and chronic disease management of county-level hospitals in China, for reference in improving the standardized chronic disease management level of hypertension in the counties.Methods:From September to November 2020, a questionnaire survey on 597 county-level hospitals in 24 provinces was conducted on a voluntary basis. The survey covered such areas as the setup of hypertension specialty, team building of professionals and the management regulations of chronic hypertension of the hospital. The survey data were analyzed by descriptive statistics.Results:Among the 597 county-level hospitals, 54(13.5%) hospitals had independent hypertension departments, 147(24.6%) had hypertension clinics, and 143(24.0%) hospitals had hypertension beds. 431(72.2%) hospitals had hypertension diagnosis and treatment process in outpatient clinics, 454(76.0%) hospitals had hypertension diagnosis and treatment process in wards, and 535(89.6%) hospitals had graded diagnosis and treatment process of hypertension. 473(79.2%) hospitals had established county medical alliance as the lead unit, including 167 compact medical alliances. 97.7% of the hospitals were equipped with basic hypertension risk stratification screening items, and 63.8% could carry out primary screening of secondary hypertension.Conclusions:The pattern of chronic diseases management of hypertension in county-level medical institutions has basically taken shape, but there is still room for improvement. In the future, we should focus on the construction of professional teams of hypertension, the standardized management of diagnosis and treatment of hypertension, and a smoother path of tiered medical service, so as to increase the health management level of hypertension in China.

11.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 287-293, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989260

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prepare camel-derived nanoantibodies that can bind to the recombinant protein VirB12 antigen with high affinity and lay the foundation for further research.Methods:Xinjiang Bactrian camels were immunized six times with VirB12 recombinant protein, total RNA was extracted from lymphocytes isolated from peripheral blood, and the VHH gene fragment was amplified by nested PCR to construct a phage VHH display library. ELISA solid-phase affinity and enrichment methods were used for screening. After three rounds of affinity screening, the clones enriched in the second and third rounds were randomly picked out, and the binding of a nanoantibody with soluble expression to VirB12 was analyzed by ELISA. After sequence determination and multiple alignment, repetitive sequences were removed, and finally five non-redundant sequences were obtained, which were named D1, E6, H8, H9, and H10. The five identified nanoantibody genes were transformed into the WK6 strain, and the soluble expression of an intercellular substance was carried out at 16 °C. After purified expression of Ni-NTA, the binding ability and thermal stability of nanoantibodies and the antigen VirB12 protein were detected by Western Blot and ELISA.Results:Five strains of nanoantibodies were expressed in WK6 bacteria in soluble form. SDS-PAGE showed that the purity of five anti-VirB12 nanoantibodies was close to 90%, and they had high antigen-binding activity and obvious antigen-antibody concentration dependence. All four strains of nanoantibodies showed high thermal stability, and after being treated at 90 ℃, they could still retain more than 60% binding activity.Conclusions:In the study, a VHH phage display library with a capacity of 2.8×10 8 cfu/ml was constructed from Xinjiang Bactrian camel lymphocytes immunized with VirB12 recombinant protein. Five anti-VirB12 nanoantibodies with high affinity and thermal stability were obtained through solid-phase screening and enrichment and soluble monoclonal ELISA detection. These results laid the foundation for further development of VirB12 nanoantibodies.

12.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2001-2006, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954962

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mediating effect of nurses′ self-efficacy in palliative care between the past behavioral experience of end-of-life care and core competence, and provide theoretical reference for improving the core competence of clinical nurses in palliative care.Methods:579 clinical nurses from 2 tertiary general hospitals in Shandong Province were investigated by convenience sampling method using general information questionnaire, nurses′ self-efficacy questionnaire for palliative care and palliative care nurses′ core competency questionnaire. The data were analyzed by SPSS 25.0.Results:The total score of core competence of hospice care of 579 nurses was (71.41 ± 22.74), nurses′ self-efficacy of palliative care was positively correlated with their core competence ( r = 0.648, P<0.01), past behavior experience was positively correlated with self-efficacy ( r = 0.479, P<0.01), positively correlated with core competence ( r = 0.427, P<0.01). Nurses′ self-efficacy of palliative care played a partial mediating role between the pastbehavioral experience and core competence, which accounted for 64.67% of the total effect. Conclusions:The past behavioral experience of end-stage nursing can directly or indirectly affect the core competence of nurses in palliative care through self-efficacy. It can improve the core competence of palliative care by taking active measures to enrich the past behavioral experience of end-of-life care and improve self-efficacy.

13.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 111-116, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953612

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the potential effect of Lysimachia capillipes capilliposide (LCC) on the chemo sensitivity and the stemness of human ovarian cancer cells. Methods: Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK8) was used to measure the IC

14.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 841-856, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939846

ABSTRACT

Epilepsy is a common and severe brain disease affecting >65 million people worldwide. Recent studies have shown that kinesin superfamily motor protein 17 (KIF17) is expressed in neurons and is involved in regulating the dendrite-targeted transport of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subtype 2B (NR2B). However, the effect of KIF17 on epileptic seizures remains to be explored. We found that KIF17 was mainly expressed in neurons and that its expression was increased in epileptic brain tissue. In the kainic acid (KA)-induced epilepsy mouse model, KIF17 overexpression increased the severity of epileptic activity, whereas KIF17 knockdown had the opposite effect. In electrophysiological tests, KIF17 regulated excitatory synaptic transmission, potentially due to KIF17-mediated NR2B membrane expression. In addition, this report provides the first demonstration that KIF17 is modified by SUMOylation (SUMO, small ubiquitin-like modifier), which plays a vital role in the stabilization and maintenance of KIF17 in epilepsy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Epilepsy/metabolism , Kinesins/metabolism , Neurons/metabolism , Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate/metabolism , Seizures/metabolism
15.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 632-636, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924122

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#In recent decades, there is a decreasing trend in physical activity, which might be associated with decline in physical and mental health among children and adolescents in China. The outbreak and spread of the COVID-19 further aggravated this trend. Under the background of normalized epidemic prevention and control, in order to deeply understand the relationship between physical activity and physical and mental health of children and adolescents, this study sorted out relevant domestic and foreign literatures, and analyzed the effects of physical activity on children and adolescents health and fitness. The positive effects of physical activity, cognition, and mental health were found to be significantly different in the type, intensity, and time of physical activity in the related health effects.

16.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1-14, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878538

ABSTRACT

Microbial fuel cell (MFC) is a bioelectrochemical device, that enables simultaneous wastewater treatment and energy generation. However, a few issues such as low output power, high ohmic internal resistance, and long start-up time greatly limit MFCs' applications. MFC anode is the carrier of microbial attachment, and plays a key role in the generation and transmission of electrons. High-quality bioelectrodes have developed into an effective way to improve MFC performance. Conjugated polymers have advantages of low cost, high conductivity, chemical stability and good biocompatibility. The use of conjugated polymers to modify bioelectrodes can achieve a large specific surface area and shorten the charge transfer path, thereby achieving efficient biological electrochemical performance. In addition, bacteria can be coated with nano-scale conjugated polymer and effectively transfer the electrons generated by cells to electrodes. This article reviews the recently reported applications of conjugated polymers in microbial fuel cells, focusing on the MFC anode materials modified by conjugated polymers. This review also systematically analyzes the advantages and limitations of conjugated polymers, and how these composite hybrid bioelectrodes solve practical issues such as low energy output, high inner resistance, and long starting time.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Bioelectric Energy Sources , Electricity , Electrodes , Polymers , Water Purification
17.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 314-318, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988370

ABSTRACT

Tie2 expressing monocytes/macrophages (TEMs) are a subtype of monocytes or macrophages which expressing tyrosine kinase receptor Tie2. They can exist in peripheral blood and tissues of both human and mouse. TEMs can participate in the formation of tumor microenvironment by accelerating tumor angiogenesis, lymphangiogenesis and immunosuppression. At present, TEMs have been found to have potential diagnostic and prognostic guiding significance for a variety of tumors, and they are expected to provide new directions and strategies for tumor therapy. This paper reviews the research progress of TEMs in tumor.

18.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 408-412, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912770

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the status quo of occupational engagement of junior nurses and related influencing factors, and to provide reference for managers to develop a positive incentive mechanism.Methods:From November 2020 to December 2020, 255 junior nursing staff with less than or equal to 3 years seniority at 3 tertiary general hospitals in Tianjin were selected. Questionnaire surveys were made on their occupational engagement, occupational values, job satisfaction for nursing, and general self-efficacy. Descriptive analysis and t test were used to probe into their current occupational engagement, and build a relational model on the occupational satisfaction, and the relational model of between their occupational values and self-efficiency in general of these nursing staff. Results:The total scoring of the occupational engagement scale for 255 junior nursing staff was 78.47±19.93, which was higher than the domestic norm level, and the difference was statistically significant( t=11.48, P<0.001). The results of the structural equation model showed that the overall effect on the occupational engagement of junior nurses from high to low were as follows: self-efficacy( β=0.599), professional values( β=0.323)and job satisfaction( β=0.275). Conclusions:These nursing staff feature high occupational engagement. Hospital administrators are recommended to strength training, provide timely support and incentives for their sustained improvement of self-efficiency, meet their individual career development needs for higher job satisfaction, and focus on shaping their occupational values as well.

19.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 1227-1232, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910542

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) combined with chemotherapy for treating patients with T 1-2N 1M 0 nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Methods:343 patients diagnosed with T 1-2N 1M 0 NPC in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital and Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from January 2008 to December 2016 were recruited in this study. All patients received IMRT and divided into the radiotherapy (RT) and chemoradiotherapy (CRT) groups. Patients in the CRT group were further assigned into the concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT), induction chemotherapy+ CCRT (IC+ CCRT) and CCRT+ adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) groups. Locoregional failure-free survival (LRFFS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), progression-free survival (PFS), cancer-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS) were estimated by Kaplan- Meier method. Multivariate prognostic analysis was performed by Cox models. Results:The median follow-up time for surviving patients (303/343) was 91(range: 49-138) months. The 5-year OS, CSS, PFS, LRFFS, and DMFS rates in the CRT group were not superior to those of the RT group (93.7%: 93.9%, 93.7%: 93.9%, 89.0%: 87.7%, 93.8%: 92.8%, 93.8%: 91.2%, all P>0.05). No significant difference was found in treatment outcomes of patients with T 1N 1 or T 2N 1 NPC between two groups (all P>0.05). In multivariable analyses, only age was an independent prognostic factor for OS, PFS, CSS and DMFS, and negative correlation was found between them. No survival benefits were achieved in the CCRT, IC+ CCRT, CCRT+ AC and RT groups, and no significant differences were found in clinical efficacy among the three combined (all P>0.05). Conclusions:IMRT alone yields comparable clinical efficacy to CRT in treating patients with T 1-2N 1M 0 NPC. However, whether CT can be eliminated in the T 1-2N 1M 0 population still needs further confirmation by prospective, randomized and controlled clinical trials.

20.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 735-738, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910459

ABSTRACT

With the advancement of imaging diagnosis and the development of modern radiotherapy, the survival of cancer patients has been prolonged and the incidence rate of brain metastases (BM) has been significantly increased. The quality of life of patients and potential radiotherapy-induced neurocognitive impairment have gradually captivated widespread attention. Whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) is one of the common local therapies for BM patients. However, the application of WBRT is controversial because it may lead to neurocognitive impairment. The incidence of metastatic tumors in hippocampus and radiation-induced neurocognitive impairment can accelerate the implementation of hippocampal-avoidance WBRT (HA-WBRT). In this article, the feasibility of HA-WBRT was discussed and research progress in recent years was reviewed.

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