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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923970

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the composition and concentration of atmospheric particulate pollutants in four seasons in the industrial and clean living areas, and to provide a scientific basis for the strategy of controlling industrial pollution and atmospheric environment. Methods An industrial area dominated by the automobile industry in Shanghai and a relatively clean living area were selected. Samples were collected simultaneously in both areas and continuously for 7 days in the middle of each season. The composition and concentration of PM2.5 were determined, and the ecological risk of heavy metals in PM2.5 was evaluated by the potential ecological risk index method. Results We found PM2.5 concentration was associated with seasonal changes. The PM2.5 concentration in living areas was the highest in winter, followed by spring, and the lowest in summer. The PM2.5 concentration in industrial areas was the highest in spring, followed by winter, and the lowest in summer. The heavy metals in PM2.5 were the same, including Al, Cr, Mn, Ni, As, Cd, Hg and Pb. The content of Cr, Cd and Pb in PM2.5 in the industrial area is significantly higher than that in the living area. The potential ecological hazard coefficient of PM2.5 heavy metal Cd in the industrial zone was the highest, up to 189.47, and it was the main component of the total potential ecological hazard index of heavy metals. According to the total potential risk grade of heavy metals, the heavy metal Cd in the industrial area had different degrees of ecological harm with seasonal changes. The ecological harm degree of heavy metal Cd was the highest in winter, high in spring and autumn, and low in summer. Conclusion Although the concentration of PM2.5 in the industrial area is not higher than that in the living area, the content of Cr, Cd and Pb in the PM2.5 in the industrial area is significantly higher than that in the living area. The concentration of PM2.5 in the industrial area is mainly related to seasons, industrial production and human factors. The potential ecological harm coefficient of heavy metal Cd in PM2.5 is the highest in comparison with other heavy metals such as Cr, Hg and Pb, and it is the main component of the total potential ecological harm index ofheavy metals.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923948

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the composition and concentration of atmospheric particulate pollutants in four seasons in the industrial and clean living areas, and to provide a scientific basis for the strategy of controlling industrial pollution and atmospheric environment. Methods An industrial area dominated by the automobile industry in Shanghai and a relatively clean living area were selected. Samples were collected simultaneously in both areas and continuously for 7 days in the middle of each season. The composition and concentration of PM2.5 were determined, and the ecological risk of heavy metals in PM2.5 was evaluated by the potential ecological risk index method. Results We found PM2.5 concentration was associated with seasonal changes. The PM2.5 concentration in living areas was the highest in winter, followed by spring, and the lowest in summer. The PM2.5 concentration in industrial areas was the highest in spring, followed by winter, and the lowest in summer. The heavy metals in PM2.5 were the same, including Al, Cr, Mn, Ni, As, Cd, Hg and Pb. The content of Cr, Cd and Pb in PM2.5 in the industrial area is significantly higher than that in the living area. The potential ecological hazard coefficient of PM2.5 heavy metal Cd in the industrial zone was the highest, up to 189.47, and it was the main component of the total potential ecological hazard index of heavy metals. According to the total potential risk grade of heavy metals, the heavy metal Cd in the industrial area had different degrees of ecological harm with seasonal changes. The ecological harm degree of heavy metal Cd was the highest in winter, high in spring and autumn, and low in summer. Conclusion Although the concentration of PM2.5 in the industrial area is not higher than that in the living area, the content of Cr, Cd and Pb in the PM2.5 in the industrial area is significantly higher than that in the living area. The concentration of PM2.5 in the industrial area is mainly related to seasons, industrial production and human factors. The potential ecological harm coefficient of heavy metal Cd in PM2.5 is the highest in comparison with other heavy metals such as Cr, Hg and Pb, and it is the main component of the total potential ecological harm index ofheavy metals.

3.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 200-203, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862570

ABSTRACT

In vitro anticoagulation is a key technique in continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT), and heparin was once the preferred anticoagulant for CRRT, but its clinical application is limited due to the high risk of bleeding. Citrate, as a new regional anticoagulant, has received more and more attention and recommendation in recent years, but there are still controversies over its application in patients with liver failure. With reference to relevant literature in China and globally, this article reviews the metabolic characteristics and monitoring methods of regional citrate anticoagulation and its safety in CRRT for patients with liver failure.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871051

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and experience in the diagnosis and treatment of neonatal gastric perforation, and the factors influencing prognosis.Methods:This was a retrospective analysis involving 49 neonatal gastric perforation cases who underwent surgical treatment in the Neonatal Surgery Department of Shanxi Children's Hospital from January 2008 to December 2017. Their clinical data, including manifestations, auxiliary examinations, operations, and prognosis, were analyzed. According to the prognosis, these patients were divided into two groups, survival group, and fatality group. Independent sample t-test or continuity correction Chi-square (or Fisher's exact) test was used for statistical analysis. Results:(1) Of the 49 cases, 29 (59.2%) were boys, and 20 (40.8%) were girls. There were 30 (61.2%) premature and 19 (38.8%) full-term babies. Their birth weight ranged between 1 010 and 5 000 g with an average of (2 450±700) g. Low birth weight infants accounted for 59.2% (29/49). There were 11 cases (22.4%) having perinatal adverse events, 17 (34.7%) complicated by septic shock before the operation, and six (12.2%) with digestive tract malformation. Two cases (4.1%) underwent resuscitation due to postnatal asphyxia; two (4.1%) received mechanical ventilation due to respiratory distress syndrome; 12 (24.5%) received indwelling were indwelled gastric tube or gastric lavage. (2) The average onset time of neonatal gastric perforation in the 49 cases was (3.8±2.0) d after birth, and 47(95.9%) of them presented initial symptoms within one week, including 36 within four days. Twenty-five cases (51.0%) were operated within 12 h after the onset. (3) The common first symptoms include abdominal distention [69.4% (34/49)] and abdominal distension complicated with vomiting (24.5%, 12/49). Thirty-nine cases (79.6%) showed a large amount of free gas under the diaphragm, compressed and down-moving liver, and decreased or disappeared stomach bubble in the preoperative abdominal radiograph. (4) All cases received emergency laparotomy and primary gastric wall repair after admission. During the operation, 27 (55.1%) of all the cases had perforation at the greater curvature, five (10.2%) at the lesser curvature, 14 (28.6%) at the anterior wall, and three (6.1%) at the posterior wall. Perforation larger than 3 cm in diameter was found in 33 cases (67.3%). Three cases (6.1%) had postoperative wound infection; two (4.1%) developed anastomotic leakage; one was complicated by pneumohydrothorax 48 h after the operation due to esophageal duplication and perforation, which was confirmed by a second operation. (5) Of the 49 cases, 35 (71.4%) were due to congenital gastric wall muscular defect, four (8.2%) were caused by iatrogenic injury, and 10 (20.4%) were spontaneous perforation. (6) Among all cases, 36 (73.5%) survived, while eight (16.3%) died, and five (10.2%) withdraw treatment after the operation. After excluding the five cases giving up treatment after the operation, the proportion of patients who underwent operation within 12 h after onset or had the perforation <3 cm in diameter was higher in the survival group than in the fatality group [61.1% (22/36) vs. 1/8, χ2=4.404, P<0.05; 41.7% (15/36) vs. 0/8, P<0.05], and the incidence of septic shock before the operation was lower [22.2% (8/36) vs. 6/8, χ2=6.147, P<0.05]. Conclusions:Neonatal gastric perforation shows a high mortality rate, and its underlying pathologic etiology is congenital gastric wall muscle defect. Abrupt abdominal distension is the main clinical manifestation. Early operation is critical to improving neonatal prognosis.

5.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 39-44, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810370

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the inhibitory effect of AKR1B10 inhibitor combined with sorafenib on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) xenograft growth.@*Methods@#HepG2 xenograft model was established in nude mice. The mice were then randomly divided into four groups: control group, epalrestat monotherapy group, sorafenib monotherapy group and combination treatment group. Tumor volume, tumor weight, T/C ratio and the change in body weight of nude mice in each group were compared to evaluate the curative effect. Immunohistochemistry staining was used to detect the expression of Ki-67 in tumor tissues to evaluate the proliferation status of tumor cells. One-way analysis of variance was used to compare the differences between the groups. Student’s t-test was used to test means of two groups and chi-square test was used for multiple samples.@*Results@#The differences of the grafted tumor volume before and after treatment between the control group, epalrestat group, sorafenib group and combined therapy group was 238.940 ± 39.813, 124.991 ± 84.670, -26.111 ± 11.518, and -54.072 ± 17.673(mm3), respectively, (F = 37.048, P < 0.001). The tumor mass were 0.273 ± 0.140, 0.158 ± 0.078, 0.079 ± 0.054, 0.045 ± 0.024 (g), (F = 16.594, P < 0.001); T/C ratio were 100%, 57.9%, 28.9%, 16.5%, and Ki-67 positive rate were 23.295 ± 6.218, 13.503 ± 3.392, 7.325 ± 2.257, 4.664 ± 1.189 (%), (χ2 = 822.203, P < 0.001) . The tumor volume (t = -3.579, P = 0.002) and Ki-67 positive rate (t = -10.003, P < 0.001) in epalrestat monotherapy group were significantly lower than control group. The tumor volume (t = 2.056, P = 0.025), tumor mass (t = 2.101, P = 0.043), and Ki-67 positive rate (t = -2.850, P = 0.005) in combination treatment group were significantly lower than sorafenib monotherapy group. Compared with the control group, the body weight of nude mice in the treatment group decreased to a certain extent, but there was no statistically significant difference between epalrestat monotherapy group and control group (t = -1.599, P = 0.262), and combined therapy and sorafenib monotherapy group (t = -0.051, P = 0.96).@*Conclusion@#AKR1B10 inhibitor enhanced the inhibitory effect of sorafenib on hepatocellular carcinoma xenograft.

6.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1279-1282, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777290

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of " needles therapy" combined with moxibustion at yongquan (KI 1) on perimenopausal insomnia (PMI) with heart-kidney imbalance.@*METHODS@#One hundred patients of PMI with heart-kidney imbalance were randomly divided into a medication group and an acupuncture group, 50 cases in each group. In the medication group, diazepam and oryzanol were given. " needles therapy" combined with moxibustion at yongquan (KI 1) were applied in the acupuncture group. The treatment was given for 2 courses, 10 days as a course. Before and after treatment, the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) scale was used to evaluate the improvement of sleep quality in the two groups, and the clinical efficacy was compared.@*RESULTS@#After 2 courses of treatment, the total PSQI score was (4.88±1.80) in the acupuncture group, which was significantly lower than (8.00±1.93) in the medication group, and the difference was statistically significant (<0.05). Except for the sleep efficiency, the scores of other components in the acupuncture group were lower than those in the medication group, and the differences were statistically significant (all <0.05). The total effective rate was 90.0% (45/50) in the acupuncture group and 68.0% (34/50) in the medication group. The difference was statistically significant (<0.05). There was no obvious adverse reactions in entire course of the treatment in the acupuncture group and the safety was satisfactory.@*CONCLUSION@#" needles therapy" combined with moxibustion at Yongquan (KI 1) on PMI with heart-kidney imbalance has good clinical effect.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Moxibustion , Needles , Perimenopause , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-260332

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize the complications after endorectal pull-through radical operation, Soave procedure, for Hirschsprung disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 286 cases with Hirschsprung disease who received Soave procedure and were proved by postoperative pathology in our hospital from February 2003 to February 2010 were analyzed retrospectively. All the patients were diagnosed with barium enema and anorectal manometry. Among them, 233 cases(81.5%) were identified during neonatal period. All the patients underwent cleansing enema and anus dilation immediately after definite diagnosis. Radical operation with Soave endorectal pull-through procedure, including simple transanal endorectal pull-through in 251 cases(87.8%), transabdominal approach in 17 cases (5.9%), laparoscopy-assisted endorectal pull-through in 18 cases (6.3%). The operations were performed in 54 cases (18.9%) within 3 months of age, in 183 cases (64.1%) between 3 and 6 months, in 38 cases(13.3%) between 6 months and one year, in 10 cases (3.5%) older than 1 year. The rectosigmoid was resected in 259 cases. Subtotal colectomy was performed in 25 cases, and total colectomy in 2 cases. Postoperative regular anal dilation lasted for 6 months. A total of 286 cases (male:250, female:36) were followed up for 2 to 5 years.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was wound infection in 1 case, ileus in 1 cases, anastomotic stricture in 1 case, which was cured by continuous anal dilation. Two cases had constipation and received re-operation because of refractory to conservative therapy for 6 months. Perianal erosion was found in 63 cases(22.0%) and was healed within 3 months, except 2 children undergoing total colectomy. During follow-up, enterocolitis occurred in 11 cases(3.8%), including healing in 8 cases with conservative therapy, death in 1 case, and recurrent attacks in 2 cases. Soiling occurred in 45 cases(15.7%), among them, 5 cases presented in kindergarten and primary school. Morbidities of perianal erosion, enterocolitis and soiling were higher in infants undergoing operation within 3 months as compared to those more than 3 months [90.7%(49/63) vs. 6.0%(14/63), P=0.000; 9.3%(5/54) vs. 2.6%(6/232), P=0.022; 25.9%(14/54) vs. 13.4%(31/232), P=0.022]. Morbidity of perianal erosion enterocolitis was higher in infants undergoing subtotal or total colectomy as compared to those partial colon resection[51.9%(14/27) vs. 18.9%(49/259), P=0.000; 18.5%(5/27) vs. 2.3%(6/259), P=0.000].</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Primary transanal endorental pull-through procedure can be performed in most children with Hirschsprung disease. Postoperative short-term complications are mainly perianal erosion and long-term ones are enterocolitis and soiling. Early diagnosis, colon irrigation, avoiding premature operation and anal dilation can decrease the morbidities of enterocolitis and soiling.</p>


Subject(s)
Anastomosis, Surgical , Colectomy , Colon, Sigmoid , Constipation , Enema , Female , Hirschsprung Disease , Humans , Infant , Laparoscopy , Male , Perineum , Postoperative Complications , Postoperative Period , Rectum , Retrospective Studies
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462650

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the spatial organization of neurons, blood vessel and astrocytes at different time of reperfusion after focal cerebral ischemia in rats. Methods 24 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham group (n=8), reperfusion 1 day group and reperfusion 2 weeks group. The latter 2 groups were occluded the middle cerebral arteries for an hour and reperfused. All the rats were injected with gelatin ink. The expressions of glial fibrillary acid protein (GFAP) and neuronal nuclear antigen (NeuN) in the brain were ob-served with immunohistochemistry. Results The vessels located mainly in cortex and nucleus. Most of astrocytes apophysis connected with vessels and neurons. Compared to the sham group, the expression of GFAP increased significantly in ischemic side, and the expression of NeuN decreased 1 day and 2 weeks after ischemia-reperfusion. The vessels decreased in the ischemic side 1 day after cerebral ischemia-re-perfusion, and then increased 2 weeks later. Conclusion The organization of neurovascular unit after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion has been observed.

9.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 982-985, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481190

ABSTRACT

We used the Brucella data in Xinjiang between year 2009 to 2010 to explore and analyze the spatial clustering fea‐tures of brucellosis in Xinjiang ,and provided the basis for prevention and control on brucellosis in Xinjiang ,China .The time and population distribution of brucellosis in Xinjiang was analyzed for statistical analysis with descriptive epidemiology .Mean‐while ,we also used quartile classification methods to map the incidence of brucellosis in Xinjiang spatial distribution ,and calcu‐lated the Global Moran’s I index on the spatial clustering analysis .Results showed that brucellosis in Xinjiang had obvious sea‐sonal differences (peaked in May‐September) ,more cases for male than that for female (gender ratio‐‐2 .96∶1) ,and the total incidence of 74% were farmer and herdsman ,mainly concentrated at th e age of 40 to 60 years old .Compared with the onset range of brucellosis in 2009 ,there were clear tendency to spread in 2010 .The Global Moran’s I index was 0 .116 4 (P=0 .017) ,showing the spatial clustering on the incidence of brucellosis in Xinjiang .The incidence of hot spots concentrated in Tacheng and Altay ,and the incidence of cold spots concentrated in Kashi .The incidence level brucellosis has significant spatial aggregation in the area of Xinjiang ,which should be strengthened the prevention and control of high‐risk areas .

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