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1.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 676-682, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994375

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the association of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD) and advanced liver fibrosis with osteoporosis in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM).Methods:Data was collected from 391 in-patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM) from September 2019 to September 2020 at the Department of Endocrinology and Geriatric Medicine, Affiliated Huai′an First Hospital of Nanjing Medical University in this cross-sectional study. Participants were divided into T2DM with coexistent NAFLD(TCN) and with no NAFLD(TON) group via liver B-mode ultrasound.Also, the patients were divided into low and middle-high risk group via fibrosis index based on 4 factors index(FIB-4). Participant characteristics, laboratory results, and dual energy x-ray absorptiometry were obtained and analyzed. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to evaluate the association of NAFLD and advanced liver fibrosis with osteoporosis in T2DM. Interaction and stratified analyses were conducted according to age, sex, body mass index(BMI) and duration of diabetes(DD).Results:There was no significant difference in risk of osteoporosis and bone mineral density(BMD) loss between TCN and TON group(all P>0.05). After adjusting for age, sex, BMI, and DD, total hip BMD( β=-0.044, 95% CI -0.087--0.001, P=0.046) and lumbar L 1-L 4BMD( β=-0.044, 95% CI -0.087--0.002, P=0.044) were significantly reduced, and the risk of osteoporosis was significantly increased( OR=2.428, 95% CI 1.124-5.244, P=0.024) in FIB-4 middle-high risk group compared with low risk group. The subgroup analysis showed that overweight patients with T2DM had a significantly increased risk of osteoporosis( OR=4.240, 95% CI 1.637-10.987, interaction P=0.018) in FIB-4 middle-high risk group compared with low risk group. Conclusion:There was no significant difference in risk of osteoporosis and BMD loss between TCN and TON group. However, among T2DM patients who were overweight, NAFLD-related progressive liver fibrosis emerged as an independent risk factor for both BMD decline and the development of osteoporosis.

2.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 583-589, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992860

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate left atrial(LA) function and its value in predicting left ventricular(LV) remodeling in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) by four dimensional automatic left atrial quantitation (4D Auto LAQ).Methods:A total of 176 patients with CHD were prospectively enrolled in Fuwai Central China Cardiovascular Hospital from October 2021 to September 2022. They were divided into two groups according to left ventricular mass index: LV remodeling group (female>95 g/m 2, male>115 g/m 2, n=88) and Non-LV remodeling group (female≤95 g/m 2, male≤115 g/m 2, n=88). The 3D dynamic image of LA was analyzed by 4D Auto LAQ on machine to obtain the LA parameters, including the minimum, maximum, pre-systolic and emptying volumes of LA (LAVmin, LAVmax, LAVpreA, LAEV), LA ejection fraction (LAEF), LA reservoir longitudinal and circumferential strains (LASr, LASr-c), LA conduit longitudinal and circumferential strains (LAScd, LAScd-c) and LA contraction longitudinal and circumferential strains (LASct, LASct-c). Logistic regression models were used to analyze the value of LA parameters in predicting LV remodeling in patients with CHD. ROC curve was used to evaluate LA parameters and left atrial volume index (LAVI) to predict the diagnostic efficiency of LV remodeling. Results:Compared with the Non-LV remodeling group, LAVmin, LAVmax, LAVpreA were significantly increased and LAEF, LASr, LAScd, LASct, LASr-c, LAScd-c, LASct-c were significantly decreased in the LV remodeling group ( P<0.05). Logistic regression model showed that LASct-c was an independent risk factor for LV remodeling in patients with CHD after adjustment( OR=2.018, 95% CI=1.214-3.355). ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve of LASct-c for predicting LV remodeling in CHD patients was 0.844, the sensitivity was 0.784, and the specificity was 0.761. Conclusions:4D Auto LAQ can effectively evaluate LA function in patients with CHD.LASct-c can be used as a reference index to predict LV remodeling in patients with CHD, which provides a new evaluation method in prognosis evaluation of CHD patients.

3.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 3-3, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971193

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Weather conditions are a possible contributing factor to age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of irreversible loss of vision. The present study evaluated the joint effects of meteorological factors and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) on AMD.@*METHODS@#Data was extracted from a national cross-sectional survey conducted across 10 provinces in rural China. A total of 36,081 participants aged 40 and older were recruited. AMD was diagnosed clinically by slit-lamp ophthalmoscopy, fundus photography, and spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT). Meteorological data were calculated by European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) reanalysis and were matched to participants' home addresses by latitude and longitude. Participants' individual PM2.5 exposure concentrations were calculated by a satellite-based model at a 1-km resolution level. Multivariable-adjusted logistic regression models paired with interaction analysis were performed to investigate the joint effects of meteorological factors and PM2.5 on AMD.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of AMD in the study population was 2.6% (95% CI 2.42-2.76%). The average annual PM2.5 level during the study period was 63.1 ± 15.3 µg/m3. A significant positive association was detected between AMD and PM2.5 level, temperature (T), and relative humidity (RH), in both the independent and the combined effect models. For PM2.5, compared with the lowest quartile, the odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) across increasing quartiles were 0.828 (0.674,1.018), 1.105 (0.799,1.528), and 2.602 (1.516,4.468). Positive associations were observed between AMD and temperature, with ORs (95% CI) of 1.625 (1.059,2.494), 1.619 (1.026,2.553), and 3.276 (1.841,5.830), across increasing quartiles. In the interaction analysis, the estimated relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI) and the attributable proportion (AP) for combined atmospheric pressure and PM2.5 was 0.864 (0.586,1.141) and 1.180 (0.768,1.592), respectively, indicating a synergistic effect between PM2.5 and atmospheric pressure.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study is among the first to characterize the coordinated effects of meteorological factors and PM2.5 on AMD. The findings warrant further investigation to elucidate the relationship between ambient environment and AMD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Cross-Sectional Studies , Air Pollutants/analysis , Particulate Matter/analysis , China/epidemiology , Macular Degeneration/etiology , Meteorological Concepts
4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 262-273, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-962650

ABSTRACT

The pathological manifestations of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and multiple sclerosis, are abnormal protein aggregation and accumulation, microglia activation, and mitochondrial dysfunction, which eventually lead to the gradual loss of neuronal structure or function and deteriorate over time. These pathological processes are related to the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which can cause oxidative stress and damage proteins, lipids, and DNA, leading to cell and tissue injuries. The Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1)/nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/antioxidant response element (ARE) signaling pathway is the main mechanism to maintain the redox balance of the body and defend against oxidative stress injury. Nrf2 activates the expression of a series of antioxidant genes related to ARE through the dissociation of Keap1 and nuclear transfer in the cytoplasm to protect the body from oxidative damage. Therefore, the discovery and study of the Keap1/Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway activator is of great significance for the prevention and treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. Because of the remarkable biological activity and slight side effects, natural products are a treasure trove for new drug research and development. Studies have shown that a variety of natural products can activate the Keap1/Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway and play a neuroprotective role. According to the structural characteristics, natural products can be divided into flavonoids, terpenoids, volatile oils, polyphenols, and phenylpropanoids. This study summarized the underlying mechanism of the Keap1/Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway in regulating diseases and reviewed the research progress on natural products based on this signaling pathway in neuroprotection to provide references for the development of clinical drugs for the prevention and treatment of neurodegenerative diseases.

5.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 933-939, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992778

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the distribution of diastolic left ventricular pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) by relative pressure imaging (RPI) based on vector flow mapping (VFM), and to explore the clinical risk factors for the diastolic left ventricular pressure distribution.Methods:Thirty patients with T2DM and thirty normal controls were included from August 2020 to July 2021 in Fuwai Central China Cardiovascular Hospital. All selected subjects underwent conventional echocardiography.Left intraventricular pressure difference (IVPD) and left intraventricular pressure gradient (IVPG) were measured using RPI of VFM in isovolumic relaxation (IR), rapid filling (RF), atrial contraction (AC), isovolumic contraction (IC) and rapid ejection (RE) phases. The relationships between IVPD with other parameters were analyzed.Results:①Compared with the control group, E/A, e′, IVPD-IR, IVPG-IR, IVPD-RF, IVPG-RF, IVPD-AC, and IVPG-AC were significantly lower and E/e′ was significantly greater in the T2DM group ( P<0.05). ②IVPD-IR, IVPD-RF, and IVPD-AC were positively correlated with E/A ( r=0.309, P<0.05; r=0.274, P<0.05; r=0.273, P<0.05). IVPD-IR, IVPD-RF, and IVPD-AC were negatively correlated with E/e′ ( r=-0.587, P<0.05; r=-0.273, P<0.05; r=-0.415, P<0.05). IVPD-IR and IVPD-AC were positively correlated with e′ ( r=0.451, P<0.05; r=0.431, P<0.05). ③Multivariable linear regression analysis showed that hemoglobin A 1c (HbA 1c) was an independent risk factor affecting IVPD-IR, IVPD-RF, and IVPD-AC (β=-0.417, P<0.05; β=-0.451, P<0.05; β=-0.460, P<0.05). Conclusions:RPI of VFM can quantitatively evaluate diastolic left ventricular pressure distribution in patients with T2DM. HbA 1c is an independent risk factor affecting IVPD-IR, IVPD-RF, and IVPD-AC.

6.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 707-711, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989872

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical risk factors for osteoporotic fracture (OF) risk prediction in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) using adjusted fracture risk assessment tool (FRAX) .Methods:A cross-sectional study of 429 patients with T2DM who were hospitalized in the Department of Endocrinology and Geriatrics of the Affiliated Huaian No. 1 People’s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from Sep. 2019 to Sep. 2020 was conducted. Participants were divided into OF low-risk group and OF high-risk group. Participant characteristics (age, gender, height, weight, waist, blood pressure, history of drug treatment, serum glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) , high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) , triglyceride, serum uric acid, alkaline phosphatase, and thyroid stimulating hormone levels, urine protein/creatinine ratio, urea, creatinine and TPOAB) and dual energy x-ray absorptiometry results were obtained and analyzed. Logistic regression model was used to investigate the relationship between the OF risk of T2DM assessed by adjusted FRAX and clinical risk factors.Results:Patients in the OF high-risk group accounted for 9.09% of the subjects. After adjustment for other variables, the duration of diabetes was still positively associated with significantly elevated risk of OF assessed by adjusted FRAX ( OR 7.660, 95% CI 1.661-35.334, P=0.009) , whereas the blood uric acid was negatively associated with significantly elevated risk of OF assessed by adjusted FRAX ( OR 0.345, 95 % CI 0.128-0.928, P=0.035) .Likewise, LDL-C levels decreased the odds of the risk of OF assessed by adjusted FRAX ( OR 0.316, 95 % CI 0.114-0.881, P=0.028) . There was no significant relationship between alkaline phosphatase ( OR 1.902, 95 % CI 0.904-4.004, P=0.090) as well as total cholesterol ( OR 0.297, 95% CI 0.056~1.560, P=0.151) levels and the elevated risk of OF assessed by adjusted FRAX. Conclusion:Diabetes duration could be a risk factor for OF risk prediction in patients with T2DM using adjusted FRAX, and serum uric acid and LDL-C could be protective factors for OF risk prediction in patients with T2DM using adjusted FRAX.

7.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1252-1260, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958022

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report 8 patients of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) with real-time quaking-induced conversion (RT-QuIC) positive and analyze their clinical characteristics.Methods:The medical records of patients discharged from Henan Provincial People′s Hospital from January 2018 to May 2021 who were diagnosed with clinically probable sCJD and had RT-QuIC test were retrospectively analyzed. General information (gender, age, initial symptom, main clinical manifestations), accessory examination [brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), electroencephalogram, cerebrospinal fluid 14-3-3 protein, prion protein gene, antibodies related to autoimmune encephalitis and paraneoplastic syndrome] were collected. By a telephone-based follow-up survey, data about morality and total duration of course were collected. The patients were divided into two groups according to electroencephalogram, 14-3-3 protein, duration of disease and MRI results, and the differences of fluorescence peak time and fluorescence peak value in RT-QuIC results between groups were compared.Results:Among 8 patients, 7 patients had subacute onset and 1 patient had chronic onset. Main clinical manifestations included progressive cognitive decline (8/8), pyramid sign (5/8), walking instability (4/8), mental and behavior disorder (4/8), myoclonus (4/8), akinetic mutism (4/8), dizziness (3/8), limb shaking (2/8), dysarthria (2/8), visual hallucination (1/8), impaired vision (1/8). All cases had abnormal electroencephalogram and typical periodic sharp slow compound waves (PSWCs) were observed in 5 cases. Brain MRI showed high signal intensity in the cerebral cortex and/or basal ganglia on diffusion-weighted imaging in 7 cases, of which 6 cases involved bilateral basal ganglia. Cerebrospinal fluid 14-3-3 protein was positive in 2 cases, and RT-QuIC was positive in all cases. The fluorescence peak time of RT-QuIC was shorter in patients with PSWCs [(7.617±2.164) h vs (10.602±2.247) h, t=2.84, P=0.010] and high total MRI score [ (7.600±1.907) h vs (9.760±2.457) h, t=2.26, P=0.032]. Conclusions:RT-QuIC detection is a reliable method for early diagnosis of sCJD. RT-QuIC results were related to PSWCs and degree of MRI involvement.

8.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 767-774, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956694

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical features of obesity indicators in patients with endometrial atypical hyperplasia (EAH) and early endometrial cancer (EC) and analyze the relationship between these indexes and effect of fertility preservation therapy.Methods:The clinical data of patients with EAH, EC and endometrial benign lesions treated in Peking University People′s Hospital from January 1, 2018 to June 30, 2021 who required fertility-sparing treatment were collected, and obesity indicators were calculated and analyzed retrospectively.Results:(1) Obesity indicators: the obesity [body mass index (BMI) ≥28 kg/m 2] rate of patients with fertility preservation treatment was 40% (32/80), and abdominal obesity [waist circumference (WC) ≥80 cm] rate was 79% (63/80), and obesity indicators [BMI, WC, waist-hip ratio (WHR), weight height ratio (WHTR), body roundness index (BRI), lipid accumulation index (LAP), visceral adiposity index (VAI)] were higher than those with endometrial benign lesions (all P<0.001). (2) Related factors affecting the efficacy of fertility preservation treatment and their predictive value: EC, higher BMI, WC, WHR, WHTR and BRI were risk factors for lower complete remission rate after nine months′ treatment (all P<0.05). The predictive values of BRI and WHTR combined with pathological type were superior to other indicators [area under the curve (AUC)=0.716; AUC=0.714]. (3) Relation of obesity indicators and glucolipid indicators:BMI, WC, WHR, WHTR, BRI, LAP and VAI were positively correlated with homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance index, glycosylated hemoglobin, and triacylglycerol (all P<0.05); while VAI was negatively correlated with high density lipoprotein cholesterol ( P<0.001). Conclusions:For patients with EAH and EC treated with fertility preservation therapy, abnormal obesity indexes affect the treatment effect. BRI and WHTR combined pathology have good predictive value for effect of fertility preservation treatment. In clinical practice, appropriate indicators could be selected to evaluate body shape, glucolipid metabolism and predict efficacy.

9.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 392-399, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956440

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the statuses of CD8 + T cell exhaustion in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) infection and co-infection. Methods:A total of 87 patients infected with HIV and/or MTB in Wuxi Fifth People′s Hospital and Taicang First People′s Hospital from August 2019 to January 2020 were enrolled, including 18 cases of HIV infection, 34 cases of active tuberculosis (ATB), 19 cases of latent tuberculosis infection (LTB), seven cases of HIV coinfected with ATB, and nine cases of HIV coinfected with LTB. Another 11 healthy controls were also included. The peripheral blood of all subjects was collected for cell surface staining and intracellular cytokine staining, and flow cytometry was used to detect the expressions of activation molecules including CD62 ligand, CD44 and CD127, the transcription factor like eomesodermin (EOMES), T cell factor 1 (TCF-1), T-box expressed in T cells (T-bet), B lymphocyte-induced maturation protein 1 (Blimp-1), inhibitory receptors including programmed death-1 (PD-1) and T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain 3 (Tim-3) on CD8 + T cells. Mann-Whitney U test was used for statistical analysis. Results:The mean fluorescence intensities (MFIs) of the activation molecules CD62 ligand and CD44 in the HIV group were lower than those in the healthy control group, while the inhibitory receptor Tim-3 was higher than that in the healthy control group. The differences were all statistically significant ( U=31.00, 1.00 and 0.00, respectively, all P<0.010). The MFIs of CD62 ligand and CD44 in HIV coinfected with LTB group were lower than those in LTB group, while PD-1 and Tim-3 were higher than those in LTB group. The differences were all statistically significant ( U=4.00, 26.00, 6.00 and 3.00, respectively, all P<0.010). The MFIs of CD62 ligand, CD44 and CD127 in HIV coinfected with ATB group were lower than those in ATB group, while PD-1 and Tim-3 were higher than those in ATB group. The differences were all statistically significant ( U=9.00, 40.00, 45.50, 28.00 and 7.00, respectively, all P<0.010). The proportion of terminal effector CD8 + T cells in the HIV group was higher than that in the healthy control group, while the proportion of central memory CD8 + T cells was lower than that in the healthy control group. The differences were both statistically significant ( U=15.00 and 33.00, respectively, both P<0.010). The proportion of terminal effector CD8 + T cells in the HIV coinfected with LTB group was higher than the LTB group, while the proportion of central memory CD8 + T cells was lower than that in the LTB group. The differences were both statistically significant ( U=7.00 and 20.00, respectively, both P<0.010). The proportion of terminal effector CD8 + T cells in the HIV coinfected with ATB group was higher than that in ATB group, while the proportion of central memory CD8 + T cells was lower than that in ATB group. The differences were statistically significant (both U=7.00, P<0.001). The expression level of PD-1 + Tim-3 + T cells in HIV group was higher than that in healthy control group, that in HIV coinfected with LTB group was higher than that in LTB group, and that in HIV coinfected with ATB group was higher than that in ATB group. The differences were all statistically significant ( U=21.00, 6.00 and 5.50, respectively, all P<0.001). The MFI of transcription factors EOMES and TCF-1 in HIV coinfected with LTB group were lower than those in HIV group, while the MFI of T-bet was higher than that in HIV group. The differences were all statistically significant ( U=3.00, 4.00 and 9.00, respectively, all P<0.001). The MFI of EOMES and TCF-1 in HIV coinfected with ATB group were lower than those in HIV group, while the MFI of T-bet and Blimp-1 were higher than those in the HIV group. The differences were all statistically significant ( U=11.00, 14.00, 7.00 and 22.00, respectively, all P<0.050). Conclusions:MTB co-infected with HIV patients present lower immune function and a higher degree of CD8 + T cell exhaustion. In addition, HIV patients co-infected with LTB and ATB have a higher degree of CD8 + T cell exhaustion than HIV infected patients.

10.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 238-244, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932396

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the left atrial (LA) function and predict the value of diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) in patients with heart failure (HF) by four-dimensional automatic left atrial quantitation (4D Auto LAQ) technology.Methods:A total of 90 patients with HF(LVDD group) and 30 healthy volunteers (control group)were enrolled from January 2021 to July 2021 in Fuwai Central China Cardiovascular Hospital. The patients with HF were divided into 3 groups according to the degree of LVDD: grade Ⅰ( n=30), grade Ⅱ( n=30), grade Ⅲ( n=30). Four-dimensional dynamic images of LA were collected by 4D Auto LAQ technology for on-machine analysis. LA volume and strain parameters were obtained, including LA maximum volume index (LAVImax), LA reservoir longitudinal and circumferential strains (LASr, LASr-c), LA conduit longitudinal and circumferential strains (LAScd, LAScd-c) and LA contraction longitudinal and circumferential strains (LASct, LASct-c). Pearson linear correlation was used to analyze the correlation between LA strain parameters and diastolic function parameters (LAVImax, E/A, E/e′) in HF patients. ROC curves were plotted to analyze the diagnostic performance of LA strain parameters and LAVImax for grade Ⅲ LVDD, the area under the curve (AUC) was calculated and pairwise comparisons were made. Results:①Compared with the control group, LAVmin, LAVpreA, LAScd, LASct, LAScd-c, and LASct-c were increased, and LASr, and LASr-c were decreased in the grade Ⅰ, Ⅱ, and Ⅲ LVDD groups (all P<0.05). LAVmin, LAVpreA, LAVmax, LAVImax, LAScd, LASct, LAScd-c and LASct-c were increased, and LASr and LASr-c were decreased in grade Ⅲ LVDD group compared with grade Ⅰ and Ⅱ LVDD groups (all P<0.05). ②Pearson correlation analysis showed that LASr, LASct, LASr-c and LASct-c were strongly correlated with diastolic function parameters (LAVImax, E/A, E/e′) (all P<0.01). ③ROC curve analysis showed that LASr-c had significantly better performance (AUC 0.868, sensitivity 96.7%, specificity 66.7%) than other parameters in the diagnosis of grade Ⅲ LVDD. Conclusions:4D Auto LAQ can effectively evaluate the LA volume and function in patients with HF. LASr-c is optimal in predicting grade Ⅲ LVDD, 4D Auto LAQ provides a new reference for evaluating diastolic function in patients with HF.

11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 578-591, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927729

ABSTRACT

Microalgae are a group of photosynthetic microorganisms, which have the general characteristics of plants such as photosynthesis, and some species have the ability of movement which resembles animals. Recently, it was reported that microalgae cells can be engineered to precisely deliver medicine-particles and other goods in microfluidic chips. These studies showed great application potential in biomedical treatment and pharmacodynamic analysis, which have become one of the current research hotspots. However, these developments have been rarely reviewed. Here, we summarized the advances in manageable movement exemplified by a model microalgae Chlamydomonas reinhardtii based on its characteristics of chemotaxis, phototaxis, and magnetotaxis. The bottlenecks and prospects in the application of microalgae-based tactic movement were also discussed. This review might be useful for rational design and modification of microalgal manageable movement to achieve targeted transport in medical and other fields.


Subject(s)
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii , Microalgae , Microfluidics , Photosynthesis
12.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 713-717, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958921

ABSTRACT

Circular RNA (circRNA) is considered to be non-coding RNA due to the deletion of the 5' cap structure and lacks the function of encoding proteins or polypeptides. With the development of high-throughput transcriptome sequencing, ribosome sequencing and other technologies, researchers have discovered that there were short open reading frames (sORF) and internal ribosome entry sites (IRES) in the sequence of some circRNAs which can encode polypeptides or protein and play important roles in the proliferation of malignant tumors such as glioma, hepatoma, gastric cancer, breast cancer, and colon cancer. This paper reviews the coding function of circRNA and analyzes the role of its encoded production-polypeptides or protein in the proliferation mechanism of human malignant tumors.

13.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 218-229, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929053

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) 2000 scoring system classifies gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) patients into low- and high-risk groups, so that single- or multi-agent chemotherapy can be administered accordingly. However, a number of FIGO-defined low-risk patients still exhibit resistance to single-agent regimens, and the risk factors currently adopted in the FIGO scoring system possess inequable values for predicting single-agent chemoresistance. The purpose of this study is therefore to evaluate the efficacy of risk factors in predicting single-agent chemoresistance and explore the feasibility of simplifying the FIGO 2000 scoring system for GTN.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 578 GTN patients who received chemotherapy between January 2000 and December 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were carried out to identify risk factors associated with single-agent chemoresistance in low-risk GTN patients. Then, simplified models were built and compared with the original FIGO 2000 scoring system.@*RESULTS@#Among the eight FIGO risk factors, the univariate and multivariate analyses identified that pretreatment serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) level and interval from antecedent pregnancy were consistently independent predictors for both first-line and subsequent single-agent chemoresistance. The simplified model with two independent factors showed a better performance in predicting single-agent chemoresistance than the model with the other four non-independent factors. However, the addition of other co-factors did improve the efficiency. Overall, simplified models can achieve favorable performance, but the original FIGO 2000 prognostic system still features the highest discrimination.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Pretreatment serum hCG level and interval from antecedent pregnancy were independent predictors for both first-line and subsequent single-agent chemoresistance, and they had greater weight than other non-independent factors in predicting single-agent chemoresistance. The simplified model composed of certain selected factors is a promising alternative to the original FIGO 2000 prognostic system, and it shows comparable performance.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/drug therapy , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
14.
Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging ; : 300-312, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914750

ABSTRACT

Compressed sensing (CS) has been investigated in magnetic resonance (MR) parametric mapping to reduce scan time. However, the relatively long reconstruction time restricts its widespread applications in the clinic. Recently, deep learningbased methods have shown great potential in accelerating reconstruction time and improving imaging quality in fast MR imaging, although their adaptation to parametric mapping is still in an early stage. In this paper, we proposed a novel deep learningbased framework DEMO for fast and robust MR parametric mapping. Different from current deep learning-based methods, DEMO trains the network in an unsupervised way, which is more practical given that it is difficult to acquire large fully sampled training data of parametric-weighted images. Specifically, a CS-based loss function is used in DEMO to avoid the necessity of using fully sampled k-space data as the label, thus making it an unsupervised learning approach. DEMO reconstructs parametric weighted images and generates a parametric map simultaneously by unrolling an interaction approach in conventional fast MR parametric mapping, which enables multi-tasking learning. Experimental results showed promising performance of the proposed DEMO framework in quantitative MR T1ρ mapping.

15.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 277-281, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882276

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) on therapy-related leukemia (TRL).Methods:The clinical data of 14 patients with TRL who received allo-HSCT in Aerospace Central Hospital from April 2012 to February 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, and the therapeutic efficacy and survival status were also analyzed.Results:Of the 14 patients, 5 were males and 9 were females; the median age was 35 years old (12-59 years old). There were 12 patients with acute myeloid leukemia, 1 patient with chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small cell lymphoma, and 1 patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. At the time of transplantation, 4 patients achieved bone marrow complete remission, 3 patients achieved bone marrow partial remission, and the remaining 7 patients had no remission. Five patients received HLA-matched sibling transplantation, 9 patients received haplotype transplantation, and they all received myeloablative pretreatment schemes. All 14 patients were successfully implanted; the median engraftment time of granulocyte was 16 d (10-24 d), and the median engraftment time of platelet was 13 d (10-34 d). Grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) occurred in 7 patients, chronic GVHD occurred in 6 patients, and grade Ⅲ intestinal GVHD occurred in 2 patients. The median follow-up time was 32 months (4-97 months). Among 14 patients, 5 patients died.Conclusion:The allo-HSCT can improve the prognosis and long-term survival rate of TRL patients.

17.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1791-1794, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931997

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role and mechanism of AT-rich interactive domain 1A gene (ARID1A) in glioblastoma invasion.Methods:Human glioblastoma cell line U87 was cultured in vitro. U87 cells transfected with recombinant pcDNA3.1 (+ )-ARID1A by lipofectamine liposome method as ARID1A overexpression group, and U87 cells transfected with empty plasmid as vector group. Untreated U87 cells were as blank control group. The transfection efficiency was verified by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot. Transwell invasion test was used to detect the invasion ability of cells, and Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of c-myc, matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2 and MMP-9. Results:48 hours after transfection with ARID1A eukaryotic expression plasmid, the cell invasion ability of ARID1A overexpression group, vector group and blank control group were (42.2±11.5)%, (98.6±4.8)%, (100.0±5.1)%. There was significant difference between ARID1A overexpression group and the other two groups ( P<0.01); The expressions of c-myc, MMP-2 and MMP-9 in ARID1A overexpression group were lower than those in vector group and blank control group ( P<0.01). Conclusions:ARID1A can inhibit the invasion of glioblastoma by inhibiting the expression of MMP-2/MMP-9, and can be used as a potential therapeutic target for glioblastoma.

18.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 850-857, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909532

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the efficacy of different non-drug smoking cessation interventions on smoking cessation among the high-risk populations of lung cancer screening by network meta-analysis.Methods:PubMed, MEDLINE (Ovid), PsychINFO, CNKI, WanFang and VIP databases were searched for randomized controlled clinical trials published from January 2010 to September 2020.According to the eligibility criteria, the retrieval literature was screened, the quality evaluation and data extraction were conducted, then, the statistical analysis was performed by using the Stata 14.0 software.Results:A total of 28 trials were included, including 34 640 cases of high-risk population, involving intervention measures, including 5R short quit smoking intervention, cognitive behavior therapy, award model quit smoking intervention, motivational interview, network intervention, telephone intervention, incentive mechanism plus telephone intervention, network plus telephone intervention, conventional treatment and blank group.The results of network meta-analysis showed that on the 7-day follow-up of 6 months, according to the score of SUCRA, the ranking of smoking cessation rate was 5R short smoking cessation intervention (0.88), cognitive behavior therapy (0.85), AWARD model smoking cessation intervention (0.80), incentive mechanism plus telephone intervention (0.73), motivational interview (0.53), Internet plus telephone intervention (0.40), Internet intervention (0.37), telephone intervention (0.31), conventional treatment (0.13) and blank group (0.03). However, on the 7-day smoking cessation rate of 12-month follow-up, the ranking of smoking cessation rate was 5R short smoking cessation intervention (0.94), AWARD model smoking cessation intervention (0.81), motivational interview (0.51), network intervention (0.40), telephone intervention (0.19) and conventional treatment (0.14).Conclusions:The existing evidence shows that no matter the length of follow-up, 5R short smoking cessation intervention has the best effect on smoking cessation in high-risk population of lung cancer screening.

19.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1880-1884, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886283

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To observe the effects of Compound danshen drip ping pills on the prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy(CIN)after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)and its influence on clinical prognosis. METHODS :From Jan. to Jun. 2020,240 patients with coronary heart disease receiving PCI in Tianjin Chest Hospital were randomly divided into control group(120 cases)and Danshen dripping pills group (120 cases)according to random number table. The patients in both groups were injected with Lippaclitanol injection 1-5 mL slowly through radial or femoral artery sheath ,and intravenous hydration was performed before and after PCI ;Danshen dripping pills group was additionally given Compound danshen dripping pills 270 mg orally for a long term ,three times a day ,three days before and after PCI ,on the basis of the control group. The levels of renal function indexes [serum creatinine (Scr),blood urea nitrogen (BUN),cystatin C (Cys-C),creatinine clearance rate (Ccr)], inflammatory reaction indexes [high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6)] and oxidative stress index [malondialdehyde (MDA)] were observed in 2 groups before and 72 hours after PCI. The occurrence of CIN in 2 groups was recorded 3 days after PCI therapy ;the occurrence of major cardiovascular adverse events was also observed during 1-year follow-up period. RESULTS :Before treatment ,there was no significant difference in serum renal function indexes ,inflammatory reaction indexes and oxidative stress index between 2 groups(P>0.05). Seventy-two hours after PCI ,serum levels of Scr ,BUN, Cys-C,hs-CRP,IL-6 and MDA were increased significantly in 2 groups than before treatment ,while the Ccr were decreased significantly;those indexes of Danshen dripping pills group were significantly better than those of control group (P< 0.05). The incidence of CIN in Danshen dripping pills group was 4.2% after treatment , and total incidence of major cardiovascular adverse events was 13.3% during follow-up period,which were sign ificantly lower than 13.3% and 27.5% of control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS :Compound danshen dripping pills may have a certain effect on the prevention of CIN in coronary heart disease patients after PCI ,and can reduce the incidence of major cardiovascular adverse events.

20.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2692-2700, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905023

ABSTRACT

Patients with end-stage liver disease (ESLD) are often accompanied by various complications such as sarcopenia and cachexia including lipopenia, and it was believed in the past that such status was associated with malnutrition, while recent studies have shown that myostatin (MSTN) is associated with the progression of ESLD. MSTN can lead to sarcopenia and cachexia by affecting the metabolism of glucose, fat, and protein and the number of myocytes, and it can be used as a screening indicator for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and an indicator for disease progression. Intervention via the MSTN pathway might be an effective method for controlling sarcopenia and cachexia in patients with ESLD, and MSTN may be an effective indicator for predicting the progression of liver cirrhosis to HCC.

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