Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 7 de 7
Filter
Add filters








Language
Year range
1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1239-1246, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821614

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To provide reference for improving safe drug use in pregnant women. METHODS :Retrieved from as domestic and foreign literature retrieval platforms as CNKI and Web of Science ,the literatures about drug use in pregnancy period were collected and analyzed by using the literature analysis function provided by the retrieval platform and CiteSpace 5.5R2 software. The collected data of annual volume ,author,organization,keyword co-occurrence and literature co-citation analysis of domestic and foreign literatures are visualized ,and the research focus was analyzed. RESULTS :A total of 38 946 foreign literatures and 698 domestic literatures were included ,and domestic literatures were less than foreign literatures ;the literature volume on pregnancy drug use were increasing year by year at abroad,but the volume of domestic literatures fluctuates greatly and increased slowly. Foreign institutions and scholars worked closely together ,and built a close cooperation network ,especially in the United States. However ,the author team of domestic research was relatively scattered as a whole ,and the cooperation between researchers was less ,so a large cooperation team had not yet been formed. The most frequently cited literatures in the world were randomized controlled studies and large-scale cohort studies,the keyword “Risk”appears most frequently ,indicating that it focuses on the effects of pregnancy medication on pregnancy outcomes and offspring. The effects of antiepileptic drugs ,antidepressants and opioids used in pregnancy on pregnancy outcomes and child development were currently a research hotspot abroad. However ,there was a lack of large-scale sample and high-quality clinical research in China ,high-frequently keywords in domestic literatures indude “fetus”“hypertension in pregnancy ”etc.,which focused on the treatment of combined diseases in pregnancy and paid little attention to the long-term effects of medication in pregnancy. CONCLUSIONS:More and more attention had been paid to the study of drug use in pregnancy period. Domestic research needs to seize the international cooperation communication ,learns from the excellent experience of foreign research team ,and establishes domestic specific pregnancy medication research team. Relevant departments should introduce measures as soon as possible ,support medical institutions and drug production and developmententerprises to do a good job in the registration of pregnancy medication,establish the database of pregnancy medication inChina as soon as possible ,and improve the medication safety of pregnant patients.

2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 290-297, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771377

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of 27nt-miRNA on the differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells into vascular smooth muscle cells. The highly expression plasmids of 27nt-miRNA and anti-27nt-miRNA, and negative control plasmids were constructed, packaged with lentivirus and transfected into human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs). Collagen IV was added to induce hUCMSCs differentiation into blood vessel smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). The cell viability was measured by MTT assay. The expression of SMA, SM22α at mRNA and protein levels was determined by RT-PCR, immunocytochemical staining and Western blotting. Compared with the negative control group, the viability of the 27nt-miRNA overexpression group was decreased by 20.48% (P<0.05), and the expression of SMA mRNA and SM22α mRNA and protein was significantly increased (P<0.05); the viability of Anti-27nt-miRNA group was increased 18.07% (P<0.05), and the expression of SMA mRNA and SM22α mRNA and protein was decreased (P<0.05). In summary, 27nt-miRNA promotes mesenchymal stem cells differentiation into vascular smooth muscle cells and inhibits cells viability.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , MicroRNAs , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 921-930, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771834

ABSTRACT

Genome editing is a genetic engineering technique that uses site-directed cleavage activity of specific artificial nucleases and endogenous DNA damage repair activity to generate insertions, deletions or substitutions in the targeted genomic loci. As the accuracy and efficiency of genome editing is improving and the operation is simple, the application of genome editing is expanding. This article provides an overview of the three major genome editing technologies and genome editing types, and the regulatory frameworks for genome-edited products were summarized in the United States, the European Union, and other countries. At the same time, based on the Chinese safety management principles and systems for genetically modified organisms (GMOs), the authors proposed a regulatory framework for genome-edited products. Genome-edited products should first be classified according to whether containing exogenous genetic components such as Cas9 editing enzymes or not. They should be regulated as traditional genetically modified organisms if they do. Otherwise, the regulation of genome-edited products depends on targeted modifications.


Subject(s)
CRISPR-Cas Systems , Endonucleases , Gene Editing , Genome , Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697393

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the overall relationship between social support and mental health among Chinese nurses and analyze potential moderators and provide a theoretical basis for improving nurses' mental health level. Methods The CNKI database, CQVIP, WAN-FANG DATA and China Outstanding Dissertations Database were searched for literature, in which the social support rating scale (SSRS, measured social support) and self-rating symptom scale (SCL-90, measured mental health) was used to investigate the correlation of social support and mental health in Chinese nurses. A total of 25 articles (including 25 independent samples, 4747 nurses) met the inclusion criteria and were analyzed by meta-analysis and meta-regression. Results The overall mean effect size calculation showed a significant negative correlation between social support and depression among Chinese nurses ( r=-0.17, 95% CI=-0. 24~-0.09, p<0.01). In the following analysis, the objective support, compared with subjective support and utilization degree, was more strongly correlated with SCL-90 (r =-0.20,-0.15,-0.13, Q =13.45, p < 0.01). In addition, the relationship could be influenced by factors such as age, publishing type, publishing age and region. Conclusions The social support is closely related to mental health in Chinese nurses, and the relationship could be influenced by the related factors. At the same time, the relationship between objective support and mental health is more closely related than subjective support and support utilization.

5.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 394-396, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486356

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the expression and relationship of miR-100 and FZD-8, one of the major compo?nents of Wnt signaling pathway, and the correlation of their expressions with lymph node metastasis in patients with breast cancer. Methods The expression of miR-100 was determined in 50 samples of human breast cancer tissues and adjacent normal tissues by in situ hybridization. The correlation of miR-100 expression with lymph node metastasis was analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test. The expression of FZD-8 was measured in 50 samples of human breast cancer tissues and adjacent normal tissues by immunohistochemistry. The correlation of the miR-100 expression with the protein expression of FZD-8 was evaluated by Pearson rank analysis. Results The expression of miR-100 was significantly lower in human breast can?cer tissues than that in adjacent normal breast tissues [2.00 (1.00, 3.00) vs. 6.00 (3.50, 8.00)]. The miR-100 expression was lower in patients with lymph node metastasis than that in patients without lymph node metastasis [1.50 (1.00, 2.75) vs. 3.00 (2.00, 4.00)]. The expression of FZD-8 was significantly higher in human breast cancer tissues than that in adjacent normal breast tissues [8.00 (6.00, 9.00) vs. 6.00 (3.75, 9.00)]. The miR-100 expression was negatively correlated with the FZD-8 pro?tein expression in human breast cancer tissues (rs=-0.592, P<0.001). Conclusion The miR-100, as an anti-metastasis-miRNA, may involve in the metastasis of breast cancer, which may be related with the regulation of the expression of FZD-8.

6.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 675-678, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493847

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of salinomycin on the cell proliferation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of MCF-7 mammosphere (MCF-7 MS). Methods Breast cancer MCF-7 cells were cultured in suspension in serum-free medium to obtain MCF-7 MS. The cell viability of MCF-7 MS cells treated with serial concentrations of 0, 10, 30, 100, 300, 1 000, 3 000 and 10 000 nmol/L of salinomycin for 24 hours were detected by CCK-8 assay. The half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) was calculated. Western blot analysis was performed to detect the expression levels of E-cadherin and Snail in MCF-7 MS cells treated with 30 nmol/L and 60 nmol/L salinomycin. The same capacity of DMSO was added to MCF-7 MS as control group. The xenograft tumors from MCF-7 MS transplant mice were divided into control group (the same capacity of normal saline) and salinomycin group (5 mg/kg salinomycin), then the expressions of E-cadherin and Snail were dectected by immunohistochemical staining. Results With the increased concentration of salinomycin, the cell survival rate of MCF-7 MS cells decreased (P<0.05). The IC50 after 24 h-treatment was 989 nmol/L. Both 30 and 60 nmol/L of salinomycin increased the expression of E-cadherin and decreased the expression of Snail compared with control group. In addition, 60 nmol/L treatment group showed more significant effect (P<0.05). In xenograft tumors from MCF-7 MS transplant mice, the expression of Snail decreased, and E-cadherin increased in salinomycin treatment group compared with control group (P<0.01). Conclusion Salinomycin can inhibit the cell proliferation and EMT in MCF-7 MS cells, which is a potential drug to target cancer stem cells.

7.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 461-464, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465653

ABSTRACT

Endoplasmic reticulum is an important organelle in eu-karyotic cells.Endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS)is usually triggered under cell hypoxia,carbohydrate undersupply or medi-cal treatment.Now,present studies show that ERS could activate several cell signal pathways and the UPR pathway is most widely researched.When UPR activates cell signal pathway,it can reg-ulate cancer drug resistance by involving with DNA damage re-pair,apoptotic suppression and autophagy.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL