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1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 97-106, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992577

ABSTRACT

During coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic, the treatment of severe trauma has been impacted. The Consensus on emergency surgery and infection prevention and control for severe trauma patients with 2019 novel corona virus pneumonia was published online on February 12, 2020, providing a strong guidance for the emergency treatment of severe trauma and the self-protection of medical staffs in the early stage of the epidemic. With the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council renaming "novel coronavirus pneumonia" to "novel coronavirus infection" and the infection being managed with measures against class B infectious diseases since January 8, 2023, the consensus published in 2020 is no longer applicable to the emergency treatment of severe trauma in the new stage of epidemic prevention and control. In this context, led by the Chinese Traumatology Association, Chinese Trauma Surgeon Association, Trauma Medicine Branch of Chinese International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Health Care, and Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Traumatology, the Chinese expert consensus on emergency surgery for severe trauma and infection prevention during coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic ( version 2023) is formulated to ensure the effectiveness and safety in the treatment of severe trauma in the new stage. Based on the policy of the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council and by using evidence-based medical evidence as well as Delphi expert consultation and voting, 16 recommendations are put forward from the four aspects of the related definitions, infection prevention, preoperative assessment and preparation, emergency operation and postoperative management, hoping to provide a reference for severe trauma care in the new stage of the epidemic prevention and control.

2.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1316-1326, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998973

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo develop a rehabilitation program of nature posture treatment (NPT) suspension therapy based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-Children and Youth version (ICF-CY) framework, and apply it to neurodevelopmental disorders. MethodsThe ICF-CY theoretical group (group A) and NPT suspension therapy group (group B) were established. Group A searched literature from common databases, to extract high-frequency words related to suspension therapy and match with categories of ICF-CY, to develop ICF-CY theoretical framework of the NPT suspension therapy. Group B developed specific rehabilitation procedures and training items based on the framework to compose the training pool. A total of 110 children aged less than six years with neurodevelopmental disorders and associated motor impairments were selected from outpatient or inpatient of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical University, between October, 2019 and October, 2022. They were randomly divided into control group (n = 55) and clinical group (n = 55), who received routine neurodevelopmental therapy and NPT suspension therapy program based on ICF-CY, respectively, for a week. The incidence of satisfaction, acceptance and adverse events were observed. ResultsTwo cases in the control group and four cases in the clinical group dropped down. For the clinical group, the incidence of satisfaction was 98% (50/51), with acceptance of 96% (49/51), and one adverse event occurred. For the control group, the incidence of both the satisfaction and acceptance was 100%, and no adverse event occurred. There was no significant difference in the incidence of satisfaction, acceptance and the adverse event (P > 0.05). ConclusionThe NPT suspension therapy program based on the ICF-CY framework is safe and acceptable for children with neurodevelopmental disorders.

3.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 519-523, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464470

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the DNA methylation of skeletal muscle in spastic paralysis rats and correlation with the muscle fi-ber configuration. Methods 100 5-day old Wistar rats were randomly divided into model group and control group. The former was estab-lished the spastic paralysis modle and reared for 30 days. Then, tissues from the gastrocnemius of all the rats were observed with triplicate DNA methylation, myosin heavy chain-I (MHC-I) mRNA with RT-PCR and transmission electron microscopy. Results The DNA methyla-tion was (4.95 ± 0.83) × 10%in the model group, significantly less than (6.59 ± 0.75) × 10%in the control group (P<0.001);while the MHC-I mRNA was (1.23±0.31), significantly more than (0.44±0.29) in the control group (P<0.001). The Z-line was disordered, and the mitochon-dria near the Z-line increased, with edema and partially broken in cristae. The balance between the thick and thin filaments was broken, and myofibrils envelope fused. Conclusion Hypomethylation and hyperexpression of MHC-I mRNA have been found in skeletal muscle of spas-tic paralysis rats, which may result in type I fibers increase. However, there was no sufficient evidence to support the correlation between the DNA methylation and the secondary pathological changes.

4.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 269-271, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460519

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the optimal dose and ways of anesthesia for creating a rat model of spastic paralysis with intermittent bilateral common carotid artery ligation. Methods 60 Wistar rats were randomly divided into groups A, B, C, D, E and F. Group A was an-aesthetized with 10%chloral hydrate 5 ml/kg injected subcutaneously, while group B with 4 ml/kg subcutaneously, group C with 4 ml/kg in-traperitoneally, group D with 3 ml/kg subcutaneously, group E with 3 ml/kg intraperitoneally, group F with 2 ml/kg subcutaneously. The on-set and duration of anesthesia, and intraoperative and postoperative mortality were compared. Results All the rats in the group A died during anesthesia, while the group F did not achieve the depth of anesthesia, and abandoned. The onset time was (6.5±0.7) min, maintained (121.4± 3.9) min, mortality was 0 in the group B, and it was (5.5±1.1) min, (122.0±3.6) min, 30%in the group C;(9.6±0.8) min, (106.7±3.7) min, 0 in the group D, (7.4±1.2) min, (105.3±3.5) min, 20%in the group E. The overall mortality rate was 0 in the groups accepted subcutaneous in-jected and 25%of intraperitoneal injection. Conclusion Anesthesia with 10%chloral hydrate 4 ml/kg subcutaneous injection is optimal of lower mortality, faster onset and longer maintaining in rats for spastic paralysis model with intermittent bilateral common carotid artery liga-tion.

5.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 519-523, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939425

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To investigate the DNA methylation of skeletal muscle in spastic paralysis rats and correlation with the muscle fiber configuration. Methods 100 5-day old Wistar rats were randomly divided into model group and control group. The former was established the spastic paralysis modle and reared for 30 days. Then, tissues from the gastrocnemius of all the rats were observed with triplicate DNA methylation, myosin heavy chain-I (MHC-I) mRNA with RT-PCR and transmission electron microscopy. Results The DNA methylation was (4.95±0.83)×10% in the model group, significantly less than (6.59±0.75)×10% in the control group (P<0.001); while the MHC-I mRNA was (1.23±0.31), significantly more than (0.44±0.29) in the control group (P<0.001). The Z-line was disordered, and the mitochondria near the Z-line increased, with edema and partially broken in cristae. The balance between the thick and thin filaments was broken, and myofibrils envelope fused. Conclusion Hypomethylation and hyperexpression of MHC-I mRNA have been found in skeletal muscle of spastic paralysis rats, which may result in type I fibers increase. However, there was no sufficient evidence to support the correlation between the DNA methylation and the secondary pathological changes.

6.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 269-271, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936956

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To explore the optimal dose and ways of anesthesia for creating a rat model of spastic paralysis with intermittent bilateral common carotid artery ligation. Methods 60 Wistar rats were randomly divided into groups A, B, C, D, E and F. Group A was anaesthetized with 10% chloral hydrate 5 ml/kg injected subcutaneously, while group B with 4 ml/kg subcutaneously, group C with 4 ml/kg intraperitoneally, group D with 3 ml/kg subcutaneously, group E with 3 ml/kg intraperitoneally, group F with 2 ml/kg subcutaneously. The onset and duration of anesthesia, and intraoperative and postoperative mortality were compared. Results All the rats in the group A died during anesthesia, while the group F did not achieve the depth of anesthesia, and abandoned. The onset time was (6.5±0.7) min, maintained (121.4± 3.9) min, mortality was 0 in the group B, and it was (5.5±1.1) min, (122.0±3.6) min, 30% in the group C; (9.6±0.8) min, (106.7±3.7) min, 0 in the group D, (7.4±1.2) min, (105.3±3.5) min, 20% in the group E. The overall mortality rate was 0 in the groups accepted subcutaneous injected and 25% of intraperitoneal injection. Conclusion Anesthesia with 10% chloral hydrate 4 ml/kg subcutaneous injection is optimal of lower mortality, faster onset and longer maintaining in rats for spastic paralysis model with intermittent bilateral common carotid artery ligation.

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