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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911643

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics of central nerve system (CNS) infection and grasp the necessity and possibility of early diagnosis and precise intervention of CNS infection after renal transplantation.Methods:This retrospective study enrolled consecutive recipients of renal transplantation with CNS infection after transplant between January 2000 and December 2020. Correlative factors for CNS infection after renal transplant were determined by comparing the clinical data between recipients with and without CNS infection. After screening 3, 199 consecutive renal transplant recipients, 12 patients with CNS infection post-transplant were identified and recruited. The median age-of-onset was 48.5 (23-65) years. And the median time to disease onset after transplant was 50.5(1-204) months. The most common symptoms of CNS infection after renal transplant included fever (75.00%), consciousness disorder (58.33%), headache (58.33%) and neck rigidity (41.67%).Results:Hepatitis B virus carrier and pulmonary infection were correlated with CNS infection after transplantation ( P<0.05). Nine patients failed to identify the pathogen and only received empirical anti-infective regimen. The outcomes were curing ( n=3) and death ( n=6). Metagenomic sequencing was performed for identifying the pathogen in three recipients and actively adjusting the anti-infective regimen. As a result, 2 were cured and 1 died. The overall mortality was 58.33%. The median time to death or curing from disease onset were 20(2-19) and 25(16-35) days respectively in surviving and non-surviving recipients. Conclusions:The progress of CNS infection after transplantation is rapid with a high mortality. HBV carrier and pulmonary infection are possible risk factors of CNS infection after renal transplantation. Early pathogenic identification and precise etiological intervention are vital for better clinical outcomes.

2.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 77-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862779

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics and the experience of multi-disciplinary team (MDT) on recurrence of primary hyperoxaluria (PH) type I after renal transplantation. Methods One case presenting with unexplained rapid decline of renal allograft function after allogeneic renal transplantation was discussed by MDT. The role of MDT in diagnosing rare hereditary diseases and improving the long-term survival of renal transplant recipients was summarized. Results After MDT consultation, the patient was diagnosed with recurrence of PH type I. Routine immunosuppressive regimen was initiated after the exclusion of rejection. The patient was instructed to drink a large quantity of water, and given with high-quality protein and low-phosphorus diet, vitamin B6, calcium and other conservative therapies to actively prevent and treat postoperative complications. The deterioration of renal graft function was delayed. Nevertheless, regular hemodialysis was resumed at 5 months after renal transplantation until the submission date of this manuscript. Conclusions Recurrence of PH type I after renal transplantation is relatively rare. The main clinical manifestations are recurrent kidney stones and decreased renal function with multiple complications and poor prognosis. The condition of the patient is consulted by MDT for confirming the diagnosis, determining the optimal treatment scheme, delaying the progression and improving the clinical prognosis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799567

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the accuracy of the clinical staging by comparing preoperative clinical stage and pathological stage in gastric cancer patients, and to explore the potential beneficial population of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for gastric cancer.@*Methods@#We retrospectively collected the clinical data of consecutive patients with gastric cancer who met the inclusion criteria (gastric adenocarcinoma, undergoing laparoscopic or open D2 radical operation, definite cTNM and pTNM) for admission of the Gastrointestinal Center of Peking University Cancer Hospital from July 2013 to April 2019. Patients with the number of harvested lymph nodes less than 16, history of gastric operation or preoperative radiochemotherapy were excluded. Preoperative clinical stage was obtained from abdominal and pelvic enhanced CT by radiologists, and postoperative pathological stage was derived from postoperative pathology reports. The concordance rate between preoperative clinical stage and postoperative pathological stage, and the proportion of pathological stage I in patients with specific preoperative clinical TNM stage were analyzed and compared. The potential beneficial population of neoadjuvant chemotherapy were considered as pI < 5%. Relationship between clinical features and concordance rate of stage was further analysed.@*Results@#A total of 459 patients were included in the analysis, including 321 males and 138 females with mean age of 60 (23 to 85) years old. The concordance rate from T1 to T4 between preoperative clinical T staging and postoperative pathological T staging was 82.5% (33/40), 31.1% (28/90), 34.4% (62/180), and 55.0% (96/149), respectively. The concordance rate from N0 to N3 between preoperative clinical N staging and postoperative pathological N staging was 58.8% (134/228), 22.1% (19/86), 23.6% (26/110), and 54.3% (19/35), respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of abdominal enhanced CT in the diagnosis of lymph node metastasis were 64.5% (171/265) and 69.1% (134/194) respectively. The clinical stage of cT3/T4 patients with pathological stage I was 9.1% (30/329), and the sensitivity of corresponding pathological stage III was 94.8% (164/173), while the cT3/4+cN1-3 patients with pathological stage I stage was 1.4% (3/218), and the sensitivity of corresponding pathological phase III was 76.9% (133/173). Tumor location was associated with the concordance of cT/pT staging [gastroesophageal junction: 64 (56.6%), upper stomach: 9 (9/17), middle stomach: 31 (40.3%), lower stomach: 97 (39.9%), whole stomach: 4(4/9), χ2=9.845, P=0.043]; the degree of tumor differentiation was associated with the concordance of cN/pN staging [poorly differentiated: 94 (42.3%), moderated differentiated: 92 (41.1%), well differentiated: 12 (12/13), χ2=13.261, P=0.001], whose differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Based on a single-center retrospective data from Peking University Cancer Hospital, we think that the potential beneficial population of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for gastric cancer are those clinically staged as cT3/4+N1-3.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2093-2100, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825188

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To predict the active components and potential target of volatile oil of Citri reticulatae preventing and treating Alzheimer ’s disease (AD). METHODS :The volatile oil of C. reticulatae was determined by GC-MS ,and identified according to NIST 11.L database and manual data analysis. The active components and targets of volatile oil of C. reticulatae were predicted through TCMSP and PharmMapper database. The related targets of AD were obtained by using GeneCards and OMIM databases. Venny 2.1.0 software mapping was used to obtain the direct targets of volatile oil of C. reticulatae against AD. Core nodes were mined with STRING database and Cytoscape 7.2.1 software,and the indirect targets of volatile oil of C. reticulatae against AD were obtained by mapping and duplication coith Venny 2.1.0 software. With the help of DAVID 6.7 database,the above direct and indirect targets (i.e. action targets )were used for gene ontology (GO)function enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis. Using Cytoscape 7.2.1 software, topology analysis was conducted for the network of “active components-acting targets ”of volatile oil of C. reticulatae ,with node degree value ,betweenness centrality and closeness centrality as indexes ,then key components and key targets were mined. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS :A total of 40 chemical components in volatile oil were identified by GC-MS ,all of them were active components ,including D-limonene,γ-terpinene,etc. A total of 151 active components-corresponding targets and 1 291 AD-related targets were mined ,including 48 direct targets and 41 indirect targets. The above 89 targets were mainly concentrated in cell fraction ,axon,cytosol and other cell components ;intracellular signaling cascade ,response to organic substance and other biological processes ;protein kinase activity and amine receptor activity and other molecular functions ;as well as cancer pathway ,calcium signaling pathway and neurotrophin signaling pathway (P< 0.05). A total of 10 key components including α-terpinene,β-elemen,thymol and (-)-4-terpineol,as well as 21 key targets such as androgen receptor ,prostaglandin G/H synthase 2,mitogen activated protein kinase 14,muscarinic acetylcholine receptor M 1 were excavated ,indicating the effect of volatile oil of C. reticulatae against AD had the characteristics of multi-component , multi-target and multi-channel.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810848

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the feasibility of assessing complications registration through medical information.@*Methods@#A descriptive case series study was performed to retrospectively collect medical information and complication registration information of gastric cancer patients at Department of Gastrointestinal Cancer Center Ward I, Peking University Cancer Hospital from November 1, 2016 to March 1, 2017 (the first period), and from November 1, 2018 to March 1, 2019 (the second period). Case inclusion criteria: (1) adenocarcinoma confirmed by gastroscopy and biopsy; (2) patients undergoing open surgery or laparoscopic radical gastrectomy; (3) complete postoperative medical information and complication information. Patients who were directly transferred to ICU after surgery and underwent emergency surgery were excluded. Because difference of the complication registration procedure at our department existed before and after 2018, so the above two periods were selected to be used for analysis on enrolled patients. The prescription information during hospitalization, including nursing, medication, laboratory examination, transference, surgical advice, etc. were compared with the current Standard Operating Procedure (SOP, including preoperative routine examinations, inspection, perioperative preventive antibiotic use, postoperative observational tests, inspection, routine nutritional support, prophylactic anticoagulation, and prophylactic inhibition of pancreatic enzymes, etc.) for gastric cancer at our department. Medical order beyond SOP was defined as medical order variation. Postoperative complication was diagnosed using the Clavien-Dindo classification criteria, which was divided into I, II, IIIa, IIIb, IVa, IVb, and V. Medical order variation and complication registration information were compared between the two periods, including consistence between medical order variation and complication registration, missing report, underestimation or overestimation of medical order variation, and registration rate of medical order variation [registration rate = (total number of patients–number of missing report patients)/total number of patients], severe complications (Clavien-Dindo classification ≥ III), medical order variation deviating from SOP and the corresponding inferred grading of complication. The data was organized using Microsoft Office Excel 2010.@*Results@#A total of 177 gastric cancer patients were included in the analysis. The first period group and the second period group comprised 89 and 88 cases, respectively. The registrated complication rate was 23.6% (21/89) and 36.4% (32/88), and the incidence of severe complication was 2.2% (2/89) and 4.5% (4/88) in the first and the second period, respectively. The complication rate inferred from medical order variation was 74.2% (66/89) and 78.4% (69/88), and the incidence of severe complication was 7.9% (7/89) and 4.5% (4/88) in the first and second period, respectively. In the first and second period, the proportions of medical order variation in accordance with registered complication were 36.0% and 45.5% respectively; the proportion of underestimation, overestimation and missing report were 5.6% and 4.5%, 4.5% and 4.5%, 53.9% and 45.5%, respectively; the registration rate of medical order variation was 46.1% and 54.5%; the number of case with grade I complications inferred from medical order variation was 34 (38.2%) and 25 (28.4%), respectively; and the number of grade II was 12 (13.5%) and 15 cases (17.0%), respectively. The reason of the missing report of medical order variation corresponding to grade I complication was mainly the single use of analgesic drugs outside SOP, accounting for 76.5% (26/34) and 64.0% (16/25) in the first and second period respectively, and that corresponding to grade II complication was mainly the use of non-prophylactic antibiotics, accounting for 9/12 cases and 5/15 cases, respectively.@*Conclusions@#Medical information can evaluate the morbidity of complication feasibly and effectively. Attention should be paid to routine registration to avoid specific missing report.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813102

ABSTRACT

To determine the effect of a recombinant lentivirus containing human stem cell leukemia (SCL) gene on the expression of c-kit protein in damaged interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) under high glucose condition.
 Methods: After isolation of ICC, the cells were cultured for 24 hours until the cells were adherent. After identification by inverted microscope and immunofluorescence, ICC cells were divided into two groups: A control group and a high glucose group. The control group was added with a medium containing 5 mmol/L of glucose. The high glucose group was added with a medium containing 20 mmol/L of glucose. After 48 h of continuous cultivation, the high glucose group was divided into 3 subgroups: A blank group, an empty lentivirus group, and an experimental group. The blank group, the empty lentivirus group, and the experimental group were added a medium containing PBS solution, empty lentivirus, and a recombinant lentivirus containing the SCL gene with a glucose concentration of 5 mmol/L, respectively. The cultures were incubated for 24 and 48 h. The expression of c-kit protein in ICC in each group was detected by Western blot.
 Results: After 24 or 48 h, the expression of c-kit protein in ICC was significantly lower in the blank group and the lentivirus group than that in the control group, and the expression of c-kit protein in ICC was significantly higher in the experimental group than that in the blank group and the empty lentivirus group, but it was still lower than that in the control group (all P<0.05).
 Conclusion: The recombinant lentivirus of SCL gene can up-regulate the expression of c-kit protein in functionally impaired ICC under high glucose condition.


Subject(s)
Glucose , Humans , Interstitial Cells of Cajal , Lentivirus , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693667

ABSTRACT

Ginseng is a precious herbal medicine and can treat many diseases. Ginsenosides, the major components of ginseng, have various biological activities. This review aims at describing the antiviral inhibitory of ginsenosides through summarizing the research progress on different virus such as hepatitis virus, respiratory virus, herpesvirus and HIV.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806968

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the sex differences in the dark triad and its association with relationship satisfaction.@*Methods@#Totally 490 participants from institutions and corporations were assessed by Mach-Ⅳ, Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scale (LSRP), Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI), Relationship Assessment Scale (RAS) and Big Five Inventory (BFI-20). Statistical analysis was performed by correlation analysis, t test and hierarchical regression analysis.@*Results@#The scores of Relationship Assessment and dark triad were shown as follows: relationship assessment (27.63±5.09), Machiavellism (53.52±8.02), psychopathy (38.45±7.52), narcissistic (18.41±7.27). Men scored higher than women in dark triad (tMachiavellism=3.226, tPsychopathy=3.070, tNarcissistic=2.900, all P<0.01). There were significant correlations between machiavellism and psychopathy, and also between psychopathy and narcissistic(r=-0.170-0.572). Linear regression showed that Machiavellism and psychopathy were consistent negatively associated with relationship satisfaction for both men and women (bMachiavellism-men=-0.104, tMachiavellism-men=-2.352, bPsychopathy-men=-0.131, tPsychopathy-men=-2.739, bMachiavellism-women=-0.121, tMachiavellism-women=-2.662; bPsychopathy-women=-0.106, tPsychopathy-women=-2.189, all P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in narcissism between male and female.@*Conclusion@#For the dark triad, there are obviously sex differences and its association with relationship satisfaction are partly confirmed.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689656

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the interval time to canceration, clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic factors of carcinoma in remnant stomach (CRS) in patients with primary benign diseases or primary malignant tumors.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Based on the criteria of the definition of CRS proposed by Japanese Gastric Cancer Association in 2017, a retrospective analysis was conducted on clinicopathological characteristics of patients diagnosed with CRS at Peking University Cancer Hospital from March 1992 to March 2017. Between patients with primary benign diseases (CBS-B group) and primary malignant tumors (CBS-M group), continuous variables were compared using the Student's t-test or the Mann-Whitney U test; categorical variables were compared using the chi-square test or Fisher's exact test. Spearmen-Rho was used to examine correlation. Survival was estimated and compared using Kaplan-Meier methods. Cox proportional hazards regression was applied to identify independent prognostic factors. Area under ROC curve(AUC) was used to evaluate and compare prediction accuracy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 89 patients were included in the study with a male: female ratio of 5.4 to 1.0. The male: female ratio in CRS-B (n=46) and CRS-M (n=43) group was 14.3 to 1.0 and 2.9 to 1.0 respectively with significant difference (χ=6.091, P=0.019). The interval time to canceration in CRS-B and CRS-M group was 342(36-576) months and 47(12-360) months respectively with significant difference (t=8.887, P=0.000). The interval time to canceration was correlated with the first operative procedure in CRS-B group (r=0.398, P=0.006), while interval time to canceration was correlated with the age at the first operation in CRS-M group (r=0.337, P=0.027). After differentiating the pathological findings of the first operative sample and the second operative sample, 27 patients presented recurrence and 15 patients had new cancer, and the corresponding interval time to canceration was 46(12-132) months and 60(12-360) months respectively with significant difference (t=5.652, P=0.023). In CRS-B group, location of stump carcinoma in gastric intestinal anastomosis, gastric anastomosis, and non-anastomosis area was found in 60.9%(28/46), 23.9%(11/46) and 15.2%(7/46) respectively, and the corresponding percentage in CRS-M group was 39.5%(17/43), 16.3%(7/43) and 44.2%(19/43) respectively without significant difference (χ=4.726, P=0.096). Among 77 patients with radical gastrectomy, the overall surgical complication rate was 20.8%(16/77), including 8 cases of infection and 7 cases of respiratory system diseases. The 3-year survival rate was 78.4% and 62.6% in CRS-B and CRS-M group respectively with significant difference (χ=3.969, P=0.046), indicating better prognosis of CRS-B patients. The AUC for the lymph nodes ratio and N staging was 0.725 and 0.639 respectively. Multivariate analysis showed the pathological T staging was an independent risk factor of prognosis (HR=1.192, 95%CI:1.032-1.376, P=0.017).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Men have more CRS than women. The interval time to canceration is correlated to the first operative procedure for CRS-B patients, while it is correlated to the age at the first operation for CRS-M patients. The major location of CRS is in the gastrointestinal anastomosis for CRS-B patients and in non-anastomosis area for CRS-M patients. Main postoperative complications include respiratory and infectious complications. Pathological T staging is an independent prognostic risk factor for CRS patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Cancer Care Facilities , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Female , Gastrectomy , Gastric Stump , Pathology , General Surgery , Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis , Male , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery , Survival Rate , Universities
10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 862-875, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687730

ABSTRACT

Santalene and santalol are the main components of valuable perfume sandalwood essential oil, and have good antibacterial, anti-oxidation and anti-tumor activities. Commercial sandalwood essential oil is mainly extracted from sandalwood tree that grows slowly and is difficult to cultivate. In addition, the extraction recovery of sandalwood essential oil from sandalwood tree is too low to meet the market demand. These factors make sandalwood essential oil expensive. An option is to use genetic engineering and molecular biological methods to heterologously express related synthase of santalene and santalol in microbial host. In this paper, the biosynthesis progress of santalene and santalol synthase, as well as the optimization of mevalonate metabolic pathways in the hosts are summarized. Furthermore, the strategies of applying protein engineering technology to carry out orthomutation of santalene synthase were also discussed, to provide reference for the optimal biosynthesis of santalene and santalol.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711338

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of a walking correcting tape on the kinematics and temporal-spatial indicators of gait after a stroke. Methods Thirty hemiplegic stroke survivors were randomly divided into a control group ( n=15) and a correcting tape group ( n=15) . In addition to their routine rehabilitation program, the control group received 30 minutes of walking training five times a week for 3 weeks with any necessary oral guidance and posture correction. The correcting tape group performed the same walking training assisted by a self-made walking correcting tape. Before and after the treatment, the kinematics and temporal-spatial indicators of both groups were quantified using three-dimensional gait analysis. Results After the treatment, the peak angles of hip and knee flex-ion were significantly higher in the taped group than in the control group and in the taped group before the treatment ( P≤0.05) . After the treatment, the walking speeds, stride frequencies and stride lengths of both groups were signifi-cantly better than before the treatment, but those of the former group were all significantly better than the latter ( P≤0.05 for both) . Conclusions Correcting tape can improve the peak angles of hip and knee flexion of hemiplegic legs and improve the walking capacity of stroke patients.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663106

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of locking plate plus endosteal fibular allograft augmentation for unstable proximal humeral fractures with comminuted medial column.Methods We retrospectively analyzed the 48 patients who had been treated by locking plate plus endosteal fibular allograft augmentation and fully followed up for unstable proximal humeral fractures with comminuted medial column between June 2014 and March 2016.They were 12 men and 36 women,with an average age of 64.3 years (from 33 to 87 years).By the Neer classification,7 cases were two-part fractures,21 three-part fractures and 20 four-part fractures.Postoperative assessments included Constant-Murley scores,shoulder scores of Quick Disabilities of the Arm,Shoulder and Hand (Quick DASH),Short Form Health Survey (SF12),humeral head height loss,change in humeral neck shaft angle,postoperative complications and revision rate.Results Their follow-ups averaged 16.7 months (from 12 to 30 months).Their final follow-ups showed a mean Constant score of 83.3 (from 67 to 98),a mean DASH shoulder score of 18.9 (from 6.6 to 49.9),and a mean SF12 of 82.8 (from 56 to 98).Postoperatively,the humeral head height loss averaged 1.2 mm (from 0.1 to 3.4 mm) and the neck-shaft angle 3.1° (from 0.1° to 9.1°).Complications happened in 5 cases (10.4%):loss of reduction in one and screw penetration out of the articular surface in 4.Conclusion Locking plate along with endosteal fibular strut allograft augmentation is a promising technique for the treatment of proximal humeral fractures with comminuted medial column because fibular strut allograft may enhance mechanical stability of the humeral head,maintain fracture reduction,reduce humeral head height loss and complications to ensure good clinical outcomes.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418692

ABSTRACT

Objective To better understand students' professional perception,humanistic education status quo and their preference to different humanistic education methods.Methods Questionnaire was conducted for 990 undergraduate students (2006 grade- 2010 grade) at medical school of Shanghai Jiao Tong university.SPSS 17.0 statistical software was used to analyze results of the questionnaire.Results Nearly 45% students chose to major in clinical medicine out of personal interest.The identification of students for humanistic quality was lower than that for clinical knowledge and skills.More than 50% students believed doctors were with high humanistic quality and there was a gap between students′ action and their understanding of the medical career identity and medical humanistic cultivation.More than 50% students preferred activities that train medical and auxiliary skills.Nearly 67% students also showed a shallow reading habit from regular internet surfing.Conclusion The professional perception of medical students are influenced by both social and historical factors influence.The gap between understanding and action is a consequence of current humanistic educational system.The humanistic educational methodology should conform to the psychological and s~ial characteristics of contemporary students.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-405460

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Electrochemically deposited coating, as an alternative method of plasma spraying coating, has arose widely attention, however, few reports concerning its in vivo biological features, especially the effect of coating on early osseointegration and duration of bone healing is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the early osseointegration of electrodepositied calcium phosphate and calcium phosphate/chitosan coatings on rabbits' femurs. DESIGN, TIME AND SETTING: An open experiment. The experiment was performed at the Key Laboratory for Oral Biomedical Engineering of Ministry of Education, Stomatology School of Wuhan University from April 2008 to May 2009. MATERIALS: Eighteen male Japanese rabbits were supplied by the animals' center of Wuhan University. Ti_6Al_4V alloy was purchased from Baoji Titanium Nickel Co., Ltd. Chitosan with over 75% degree of deacetylation was produced by American Sigma Company.METHODS: ① Cylindrical titanium alloy implants (3.3×8.0 mm) were designed with a gap (0.3×4.0 mm) in the middle part by using precision machine tool. The implants were prepared electrodeposited calcium phosphate coating surface (ELD group) and electrodeposited calcium phosphate/chitosan coating surface (ELDC group) with 2.5 mA/cm~2 electric current and 52 V temperature. Meantime, the implants with sandblasted surface were prepared as the control group. Totally 36 implants were randomly inserted into the distal femur condyles of 18 rabbits, and the new bone formation was labeled by fluorescence staining. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: At weeks 2 and 4 after operation, the implants were subjected to histological and histomorphometric analysis. RESULTS: All groups were observed different-quantity new bone formation. However, only ELDC group was seen fibrous tissues intervened at bone-to-implant interface. The ELD coatings were heterogeneously degraded, and the majority of the ELDC coatings were degraded. The new bone within gaps of ELD and control groups could be seen under the confocal laser scanning microscope with a continuous process of bone apposition. Percentages of bone-to-implant contact within and outside of the gaps of ELD group at weeks 2 and 4 were significantly higher than those of ELDC and control groups (P < 0.05). Bone formation rates of ELD group were significantly higher than those of ELDC group at weeks 2 and 4 after operation (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: ELD implants can promote early osseointegration and induce bone tissue growth into the gaps; however, ELDC implants go against osseointegration of rabbit femurs.

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