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1.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1619-1627, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894791

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study used cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to compare the characteristics of left ventricular remodeling in patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) with those of patients with essential hypertension (EH) and healthy controls (HCs). @*Materials and Methods@#This prospective study enrolled 35 patients with PA, in addition to 35 age- and sex-matched patients with EH, and 35 age- and sex-matched HCs, all of whom underwent comprehensive clinical and cardiac MRI examinations. The analysis of variance was used to detect the differences in the characteristics of left ventricular remodeling among the three groups. Univariable and multivariable linear regression analyses were used to determine the relationships between left ventricular remodeling and the physiological variables. @*Results@#The left ventricular end-diastolic volume index (EDVi) (mean ± standard deviation [SD]: 85.1 ± 13.0 mL/m2 for PA, 75.9 ± 14.3 mL/m2 for EH, and 77.3 ± 12.8 mL/m2 for HC; p = 0.010), left ventricular end-systolic volume index (ESVi) (mean ± SD: 35.2 ± 9.8 mL/m2 for PA, 30.7 ± 8.1 mL/m2 for EH, and 29.5 ± 7.0 mL/m2 for HC; p = 0.013), left ventricular mass index (mean ± SD: 65.8 ± 16.5 g/m2 for PA, 56.9 ± 12.1 g/m2 for EH, and 44.1 ± 8.9 g/m2 for HC; p < 0.001), and native T1 (mean ± SD: 1224 ± 39 ms for PA, 1201 ± 47 ms for EH, and 1200 ± 44 ms for HC; p = 0.041) values were higher in the PA group compared to the EH and HC groups. Multivariable linear regression demonstrated that log (plasma aldosteroneto-renin ratio) was independently correlated with EDVi and ESVi. Plasma aldosterone was independently correlated with native T1. @*Conclusion@#Patients with PA showed a greater degree of ventricular hypertrophy and enlargement, as well as myocardial fibrosis, compared to those with EH. Cardiac MRI T1 mapping can detect left ventricular myocardial fibrosis in patients with PA.

2.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1619-1627, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902495

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study used cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to compare the characteristics of left ventricular remodeling in patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) with those of patients with essential hypertension (EH) and healthy controls (HCs). @*Materials and Methods@#This prospective study enrolled 35 patients with PA, in addition to 35 age- and sex-matched patients with EH, and 35 age- and sex-matched HCs, all of whom underwent comprehensive clinical and cardiac MRI examinations. The analysis of variance was used to detect the differences in the characteristics of left ventricular remodeling among the three groups. Univariable and multivariable linear regression analyses were used to determine the relationships between left ventricular remodeling and the physiological variables. @*Results@#The left ventricular end-diastolic volume index (EDVi) (mean ± standard deviation [SD]: 85.1 ± 13.0 mL/m2 for PA, 75.9 ± 14.3 mL/m2 for EH, and 77.3 ± 12.8 mL/m2 for HC; p = 0.010), left ventricular end-systolic volume index (ESVi) (mean ± SD: 35.2 ± 9.8 mL/m2 for PA, 30.7 ± 8.1 mL/m2 for EH, and 29.5 ± 7.0 mL/m2 for HC; p = 0.013), left ventricular mass index (mean ± SD: 65.8 ± 16.5 g/m2 for PA, 56.9 ± 12.1 g/m2 for EH, and 44.1 ± 8.9 g/m2 for HC; p < 0.001), and native T1 (mean ± SD: 1224 ± 39 ms for PA, 1201 ± 47 ms for EH, and 1200 ± 44 ms for HC; p = 0.041) values were higher in the PA group compared to the EH and HC groups. Multivariable linear regression demonstrated that log (plasma aldosteroneto-renin ratio) was independently correlated with EDVi and ESVi. Plasma aldosterone was independently correlated with native T1. @*Conclusion@#Patients with PA showed a greater degree of ventricular hypertrophy and enlargement, as well as myocardial fibrosis, compared to those with EH. Cardiac MRI T1 mapping can detect left ventricular myocardial fibrosis in patients with PA.

3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 405-408, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820830

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aims to estimate the economic burden of disease of outbreak of norovirus gastroenteritis in the Pearl River Delta Region, and provide scientific evidence for the government’s decision-making and control measures.@*Methods@#Using a unified questionnaire, a survey was conducted to the schools and students’ families which had suffered an outbreak of norovirus gastroenteritis in the Pearl River Delta Region from October 2017 to April 2018.@*Results@#The survey found that the mean total economic burden of sick students was 720.41(95%UI=640.45-804.63)RMB. The mean economic burden of sick students who were inpatient, outpatient and self-treatment were 1 712.75(95%UI=328.50-34 00.00), 213.70(95%UI=191.83-236.33) and 58.97(95%UI=43.00-77.69)RMB, respectively. The mean economic burden of transport, extra tutoring and cost of lost labor were 53.63(95%UI=43.98-63.58), 558.49(95%UI=381.40-774.01) and 695.62(95UI=630.25-767.29)RMB. The mean total economic burden of health students was 382.62(95%UI=343.29-424.45)RMB. The mean total economic burden of school was 49 264.53(95%UI=22 363.38-79 976.25)RMB. The total economic burden of disease increases as the level of outbreak increases. The larger the epidemic level, the proportion of sick students’ financial burden gradually decreased, 56.58%,23.27% and 10.93%.@*Conclusion@#The high economic burden of disease of norovirus gastroenteritis in the Pearl River Delta Region, respectively, indicating that relevant departments should strengthen the prevention, control and education in order to mitigate the disease economic burden.

4.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 918-922, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482868
5.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 943-946, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469638

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility and its clinical application of 3.0 T MRI in the assessment of the late gadolinium enhancement in patients with cardiac arrhythmias with phase-sensitive inversion recovery (PSIR) single-shot true fast imaging with steady-state precession (True FISP) sequence.Methods Fifty-six patients with arrhythmia confirmed by electrocardiogram underwent MRI in this prospective study.Late gadolinium enhancement were performed with both PSIR single-shot True FISP (sequence 1) and conventional segmented PSIR Turbo FLASH sequences (sequence 2).The overall image quality (4 scales) was assessed and recorded independently by two experienced radiologists.Statistical analysis was performed with Chi-square test and weighted Kappa test.Results Late gadolinium enhancement of all the 56 patients were successfully examined with the sequence 1 and 2.All the image qualities of sequence 1 reached 3 scales or more and met the requirements of clinical diagnosis,and late gadolinium enhancement lesions were detection in 19 patients.All the sequence 2 images were improperly used for clinical diagnosis of the different degrees of artifacts,especially in patients with severe arrhythmia and those who breath-hold with difficulty.Sequence 1 images were classified as scale 4 in 50 cases and scale 3 in 6 cases by Doctor 1,while scale 4 in 48 cases and scale 3 in 8 cases by Doctor 2,respectively.However,sequence 2 images were classified as scale 2 in 15 cases and scale 1 in 41 cases by Doctor 1,as well as scale 2 in 13 cases and scale 1 in 43 cases by Doctor 2,respectively.Sequence 1 image qualities were significantly higher than those of the segmented sequence 2 (x2 values were 141.329 and 141.177,P<0.01).Excellent agreements between two observers of the 2 sequences (Kappa values were 0.837 and 0.905,P< 0.01) were found.Conclusion PSIR single-shot True FISP sequence provides higher reliability for image quality of late gadolinium enhancement in patients with cardiac arrhythmia,which may be useful for clinical application.

6.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 69-71, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-450515

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the current situation of adversity quotient (AQ) of senior nursing students,then to provide reference for nursing educators to conduct AQ education and improve the comprehensive quality of nursing students.Methods 474 senior nursing students in Fuzhou were investigated with the Lusi Scale.Results AQ of senior nursing students was (67.84±5.62),the five dimensions were between 50 and 89.Gender,education qualifications,grades and academic performance had a significant impact on AQ of nursing students,among which gender and grade had certain prediction effect for nursing students' AQ.Conclusions AQ level needs of senior nursing students need to be further improved; Nursing educators should take targeted interventions and personalized measures to enhance the ability of anti-frustration,lay the foundation for better adaptation of clinical care.

7.
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2013; 29 (5): 1290-1290
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-193716
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 417-420, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274332

ABSTRACT

Emodin has such pharmacological effects as ant-inflammatory, anti-tumor, immunoregulation. Meanwhile, emodin could be used for inhibiting the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). Many foreign studies demonstrated that emodin had an effect on inhibiting proliferation of VSMCs and cell migration and promoting cell apoptosis, and probed into molecular mechanisms in all aspects. Besides, clinical translational researches and application explorations were also carried out. This article summarizes the research progress of the anti-proliferation effect of emodin on VSMCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Emodin , Pharmacology , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Signal Transduction
9.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 686-689, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307990

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the association of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs599839 on chromosome 1p13.3 with premature coronary heart disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A case-control association study of 303 unrelated premature coronary heart disease patients and 312 normal controls from a Chinese Han population was performed. Genotype was determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism for SNP rs599839 on Chromosome 1p13.3.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The frequencies of the G allele were 5.0% and 9.1% in the premature coronary heart disease group and control group respectively (P= 0.004). The presence of the G allele was associated with significantly lower concentration of the low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) in both groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The present findings suggest that the genetic polymorphism in rs599839 may be associated with the development of premature coronary heart disease in Chinese Han population, and the polymorphism may have some influence on serum LDL-C level in this population.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Asian People , Genetics , Case-Control Studies , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1 , Genetics , Coronary Disease , Blood , Genetics , Pathology , Ethnicity , Genetics , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Lipids , Blood , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
10.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 812-816, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-346064

ABSTRACT

Tanshinone IIA nanoparticles were constructed and perfused in rabbit's right carotid after intimal denudation with ballon. Localization and retention at different time points of the coumarin-labeled drug nanoparticles were evaluated under laser confocal microscope. Nanoparticles were seen in the three layers of the cross-section artery. At 7 days, they were mainly deposited in the medial layer, while the deposition was generally observed in the adventitia and media at 14 days and 28 days. In the Tanshinone IIA nanoparticle study, a significant reduction of the neo-intimal hyperplasia was noted by comparing the intimal area and the intima-media ratio in the three groups. And the PLGA nanoparticles appeared to be fully biocompatible. As a result, the local administration of the nanoparticles with incorporated Tanshinone IIA showed not only the preventive effects, but aslo the high absorption and good biocompatability in the whole arterial wall.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Angioplasty, Balloon , Caprolactam , Carotid Arteries , Pathology , Abietanes , Drug Carriers , Hyperplasia , Lactic Acid , Nanoparticles , Phenanthrenes , Pharmacology , Polyesters , Polymers , Tunica Intima , Pathology
11.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 622-625, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354236

ABSTRACT

Therapeutic angiogenesis is a promising new method for the treatment of ischemic heart disease, and in recent years, implantation of autologous bone marrow cells has opened up a new pathway to such object and is now attracting many researchers' attention. This article analyzes the cell biological base of autologous bone marrow cells and the possible mechanism of neovascularization induced by implantation of autologous bone marrow cells; in addition, the effect, safety and feasibility of the implantation of autologous bone marrow cells are reviewed and commented on the basis of recent researches in animal and clinical trials.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Myocardial Ischemia , Therapeutics , Neovascularization, Physiologic
12.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12)2000.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-678708

ABSTRACT

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a common gerontal disease, and percutaneouse coronary interangioplasty (PCI) has already become a main treatment in CHD. However, restenosis to some extend has limited clinical application of PCI. The advent of drug eluting stents brings optimistic prospect in preventing restenosis.

13.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12)1987.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-562884

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the influence of estradiol on peripheral blood stem cells and angiogenesis in a rat model of myocardial infarction.Methods Acute myocardial infarction(AMI)model was bulit by ligation of left anterior descending coronary in ovariectomized SD rats.Then,they were treated with different doses of estradiol benzoate.CD34+ cells in myocardium at 24 h after AMI were detected by immunohistochemistry,and CD34+ cells in peripheral blood were measured by flow cytometry on day 1,3 and 7 after AMI.The expression of stromal cell-derived factor-1(SDF-1)in myocardium on day 1,3 and 7 after AMI and capillary density in myocardium at 28 days after AMI were evaluated by immunohistochemistry.Results CD34+ cells in peripheral blood and myocardium,the expression of SDF-1 and capillary density at 4 weeks after AMI in ovariectomized rats were obviously lower than those in ovary intact rats.However,after indication with different doses of estrogen,CD34+ cells in peripheral blood and myocardium,the expression of SDF-1 and microvascular density were increased in ovariectomized rats with AMI,this effect was strongest especially in estrogen replacement therapy group.Conclusions Estrogen could improve the mobilization and homing of bone marrow stem cells into myocardium,increase capillary density and improve prognosis after AMI,and this mechanism could be mediated by promotion of expression of SDF-1 in myocardium.Moreover,the effect of estrogen replacement before AMI was better than estrogen therapy after AMI.

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