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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909238

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of deep learning-based AiContour ??versus atlas-based Raystation ?? automatic contouring methods on the contouring of organs-at-risk on CT images of patients with rectal cancer who undergo radiotherapy, providing evidence for clinical application. Methods:Fifty patients with rectal cancer who received treatment during January to June 2020 in Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital (Affiliated Hospital of Hangzhou Medical College) were included in this study. The CT images from 20 patients with rectal cancer that had been contoured by experienced radiotherapist were selected as target images and automatically contoured using the data template library of AiContour ?? and Raystation ?? automatic contouring methods. Hausdorff distance, mean distance to agreement, dice similarity coefficient, Jaccard coefficient were used to quantitatively evaluate the accuracy of the volume of contour of organs-at-risk automatically sketched by the two methods. Results:There was no significant difference in Hausdorff distance in left femoral head [(6.81 ± 2.66) vs. (7.24 ± 2.10)], right femoral head [(7.38 ± 3.91) vs. (8.14 ± 3.71)], pelvis [(24.00 ± 9.01) vs. (24.66 ± 9.67)] between AiContour ?? and Raystation ?? automatic contouring methods ( tleft femoral head = -0.831, tright femoral head = -0.821, tpelvis = -0.357, all P > 0.05). Significant differences were observed in mean distance to agreement, dice similarity coefficient and Jaccard coefficient of organs-at-risk (all P < 0.05). The mean values of dice similarity coefficient automatically sketched by AiContour ?? method were > 0.7. The DSC of left kidney, right kidney, rectum and bladder automatically sketched by Raystation ?? method were < 0.7, and the dice similarity coefficient values of other organs-at-risk automatically sketched by Raystation ?? method were > 0.7. In addition, Hausdorff distance, mean distance to agreement and Jaccard coefficient values of organs-at-risk automatically sketched by AiContour ?? method were superior to those automatically sketched by Raystation ??. Conclusion:After slight modification, the organs-at-risk automatically sketched by AiContour ?? and Raystation ?? methods can meet clinical requirement. The contouring effects provided byAiContour ?? method were superior to those provided by Raystation ?? method.

2.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 102-106, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-732795

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy of neuroendoscopy combined with urokinase in the treatment of spontaneous intraventricular hemorrhage.Methods From August 2014 to August 2017,91 spontaneous thalamic hemorrhage ruptured into ventricles patients in Affiliated Hospital of the Yangzhou University were enrolled,who were underwent surgical treatment in this retrospective study.The patients were divided into the study group(n =41) and control group(n =50) based on different methods of treatment.The patients in the study group were given with remove visible intraventricular hematoma by neuroendoscopy,followed by External Ventricular Drainage (EVD) combined with urokinase fibrinolysis.The patients in control group were given with EVD combined with urokinase fibrinolysis.The time of postoperative drainage,ICU stay,duration of onset of fever,the number of intracranial infections,and the proportion of Glasgow outcome scale (GOS) (1 to 5) at 6 months postsurgery were compared between two groups.Measurement data were expressed as (Mean ± SD),and t test was used for measurement data.The count data were analyzed by x2 test or nonparametric rank sum test.Results The time of postoperative drainage,the number of intracranial infections,ICU stay in study group were (6.19 ± 1.1) d,5 cases,(2.8 ± 1.6) d,the indexes in control group were (7.06 ± 1.3) d,15 cases,(5.2 ± 2.0) d.The time of postoperative drainage,ICU stay,the number of intracranial infections were superior to those of the control group,and the difference was statistically significant.The proportion of GOS (1 to 5) at 6 months after surgery was 5 cases (12.2%),5 cases (12.2%),10 cases (24.4%),14 cases (34.1%),7 cases (17.1%) in study group,the indexes in control group were 10 cases(20.0%),13 cases (26.0%),11 cases(22.0%),10 cases(20.0%),6 cases(12.0%).The 6-month postoperative GOS of the study group were superior to those of the control group,and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05).Conclusion Neruendoscopy combined with urokinase in the treatment of spontaneous intraventricular hemorrhage can reduce the time of postoperative drainage and the incidence of intracranial infection,shorten the time of ICU stay and improve the functional prognosis of the patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694379

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of ambroxol on p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway in mice with sepsis-induced lung injury.Methods Sixty male C57BL/6 mice were equally and randomly divided into 3 groups (n=20 each) using a random number table:sham operation group (group S),sepsis-induced lung injury group (group CLP),and sepsis-induced lung injury + ambroxol group (group AMB).Sespsis was produced by cecal ligation and puncture(CLP).Ambroxol 50 mg/kg preconditioning was injected intraperitoneally for 3 days in group AMB,while the equal volume of normal saline instead was given in S and VILI groups.The arterial blood gas was detected 24 h after CLP.Then the mice were sacrificed and broncho-alveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected for determination of the concentrations of total protein,interleukin-1β (IL-1β),tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α),IL-6 and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1).The lung tissues were taken for determination of wet to dry lung weight ratio (W/D ratio),expression of p-p38 MAPK,IL-1β mRNA,TNF-α mRNA,IL-6 mRNA and ICAM-1 mRNA,and for examination of the pathological changes which were scored.Results Compared with group S,partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood(PaO2) was decreased (P<0.05),and W/D ratio,lung injury score,concentrations of total protein,IL-1β,TNF-α,IL-6 and ICAM-1 in BALF,and expression of p-p38 MAPK,IL-1β,TNF-α,IL-6 and ICAM-1 mRNA were significantly increased in CLP group (P<0.05).Compared with group CLP,PaO2 was increased (P<0.05),W/D ratio,lung injury score,concentrations of total protein,IL-1β,TNF-α,IL-6 and ICAM-1 in BALF,and expression of p-p38 MAPK,IL-1β,TNF-α,IL-6 and ICAM-1 mRNA were decreased in group AMB (P<0.05).Conclusion Ambroxol can attenuate sepsis-induced lung injury probably through inhibiting p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway in mice.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708305

ABSTRACT

Objective To perform 3D dose reconstruction based on electronic portal imaging device ( EPID) of linear accelerator for the static intensity-modulated using Edose, a dose verification system, Aiming to assist the radiotherapy professionals to better understand the radiotherapy organs at risk and target dose changes. Methods CBCT image was acquired for patients with head and neck cancer and thoracic cancer once a week for a total of six times. Subsequently,CBCT images and planning CT images were subject to rigid registration and exported to the Edose software. According to the setup error, EPID-based three-dimensional dose reconstruction was performed by using Edose software. The gamma passing rate and dose of different organs at risk ( OARs ) were analyzed and statistically compared. Results For patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma,the intra-fractional Dmax of the spinal cord was more significantly fluctuated and higher compared with the planning dose, whereas the intra-fractional Dmax of the brainstem did not significantly fluctuate. The V30 of the parotid gland significantly changed with a maximum increase of 28. 69% per fraction. For patients with thoracic tumors,the Dmax of the spinal cord was slightly changed,and the actual doses in the lung and heart were higher than the planning doses. The average deviation of the pulmonary V5 was up to 16. 99% between the actual and planning doses with statistical significance ( P<0. 05).According to the analysis of gamma passing rate,significant dose changes occurring in the OARs were detected in the 16th fraction for the head and neck cancer and the 24th fraction for the thoracic neoplasms. Conclusions The dose changes in the OARs can be obtained by reconstructing the EPID-based 3D dose distribution using the Edose software for each fraction, which can better protect the OAR, enhance the coverage of target dose and provide certain reference for dose-guided and self-adaptive radiotherapy.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618015

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the current status about the application of alteplase (rt-PA) for intravenous thrombolysis in acute ischemic stroke patients,and clarify the relevant factors affecting patients'compliance of intravenous thrombolysis.Methods The acute ischemic stroke patients admitted in Department of Emergency,from January 2014 to December 2015 were recruited for study prospectively.After the patients with contraindications of thrombolysis were excluded,the eligible patients were divided into two groups,intravenous thrombolysis group (ITG) and non-intravenous thrombolysis group (NTG).Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to determine the optimal cutoff point and the crucial NIHSS score of patients for decision on thrombolysis therapy.Results There were 230 patients with acute ischemic stroke occurred in the period of two years.Of 189 eligible patients,33 refused the intravenous thrombolysis treatment (NTG) whereas 156 willing to take the intravenous thrombolysis treatment (ITG).The intravenous thrombolysis rate of eligible ischemic stroke patients reached to Henan Provincial People's Hospital within the time window (4.5 hours) was 67.8% without contraindications.The results of the single-factor analysis for the patients of the two groups displayed that the differences in factors including age,baseline NIHSS score,limb weakness,hemiplegic paralysis,dysphasia,as well as dizziness were significant between two groups (t =2.578,P =0.047;U =157.221,P =0.000;x2 =26.702,P =0.000;x2=9.069,P =0.003;x2 =7.381,P =0.007;x2 =28.636,P =0.000).The ROC analysis demonstrated the relationship between the baseline NIHSS score and the patients receiving intravenous thrombolysis.When NIHSS score < 7,patients tended to refuse the treatment with intravenous thrombolysis (sensitivity 0.87,specificity 0.82).Among the patients receiving intravenous thrombolysis,the significant differences in intracranial hemorrhage rate,hospitalization mortality rate and 3-month mortality rate were not found between the patients with baseline NIHSS score≥7 and score <7 (1.9% vs.3.9%,P =0.662;1.9% vs.7.8%,P =0.168 and 3.8% vs.11.7%,P =0.142,respectively).However a higher rate of favorable prognosis (3-month modified Rankin Scale score ≤ 1) was observed in thrombolysis patients (75.5% vs.41.7%,P =0.000).Conclusions Factors such as age,baseline NIHSS score,limb weakness,hemiplegic paralysis,dysphasia,as well as dizziness are supposed to be associated with patients' compliance of intravenous thrombolysis.

6.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 246-250,封4, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610340

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the accuracy of placement of ventricular shunt tube,the efficacy and complications of the neuronavigation-assisted ventriculoperitoneal shunt (group A) and traditional ventriculoperitoneal shunt (group B).Methods A retrospective study was made on 40 cases of hydrocephalus managed with neuronavigation-assisted ventriculoperitoneal shunt or ventriculoperitoneal shunt from January 2012 to June 2016.There were 18 cases [12 males,6 females;(47.5 ±8.5) years of age] in group A and 22 cases [14 males,8 females;(44.5 ± 7.5) years of age] in group B.Therapeutic effect and complications were analyzed postoperatively.The accuracy rate in ventricular end shunt placement that was free from the frontal horn of lateral ventricle and flush the Moro hole had also been studied.Results The position of ventricular shunt of all the patients were postoperative timely review of the CT view,and hospital outpatient follow-up periodical for 3-24 months after discharge from hospital.Patients with postoperative timely review of head CT and found that group A of ventricular end of the shunt tube position reach a set position in 16 cases,2 cases had not reached the set position,the accuracy rate was 88.89%.There were 8 cases in group B reach to the set position and 14 cases did not and the accuracy rate was 36.36%.After the statistical analysis there were significant differences (P < 0.05).The total efficiency of A and B groups (excellent + effective) were 94.4% and 86.4% (P > 0.05).Postoperative complications included bleeding,infection,obstruction of the shunt,excessive shunt,shunt insufficiency and so on.During follow-up,group A appeared excessive shunt in 1 case;group B incision infection in 1 case,4 cases of shunt obstruction,excessive shunt in 1 case,2 cases of deficiency of shunt.Two groups of patients were recovery well through the drainage tube pressure adjustment or set it once again.The incidence of complications in group A was 5.56%,group B was 36.36%.There was no significant difference between group A and group B (P > 0.05).In group A,there was no obstruction of shunt tube,ventricular end of the shunt tube blockage occurred in 4 cases in group B,the incidence rate was 18.18% (P > 0.05).Conclusion Neuronavigation guided ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement to the accuracy of position setting has significant advantages over traditional ventriculoperitoneal shunt in the ventricular end of the shunt tube and it has some advantages in reducing postoperative complications.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466268

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop the method of analyzing α-radionuclides using large area grid ionization chamber.Methods Ultrasonic dispersion and vacuum drying system was used to prepare sample source,large standard thin source and plutonium plane source were used to optimize the working condition of spectrometer,and calibrate the instrument for analyzing α emitters.The certified reference materials (GBW04127) were used to verify the accuracy of the method.Results The non-linearity of calibration curve for standard thin sources of neptunium,plutonium and americium was less than 0.2%,and the resolution were 112,84 and 106 keV,respectively.The counting efficiency was 31.2% for the large standard thin source.The values of specific activity measured in this way were in good agreement with those of the certified reference materials.232Th,238U,230Th,234U/226Ra,210Po,222Rn and 218Po were analyzed in a uranium mineral sample,and their specific radioactivity values were 5.3,3.8,35.6,21.4,27.0,19.6 and 11.1 Bq/g,respectively.Conclusions The method can be used to analyze α spectrum quickly in low-level radioactive environmental samples.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466263

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a rapid and reliable method for determination of 210Po using large-area grid ionization chamber α spectrometry.Methods Samples were digested using a microwave digestion system.After preparation of sample source,the concentration of 210Po in clam was detected by large-area grid ionization chamber (φ 25 cm).209Po tracer was used to obtain the recovery.Results Large-area grid ionization chamber could achieve better counting and α spectrum resolution when the optimized thickness was 250 μg/cm2.By spiking 209Po tracer in clam,the minimum detectable activity was 9.870 × 10 4 Bq and the recovery of 210Po was 98%.Conclusions Compared with the traditional method,the developed method can avoid separation process,using less quantity of sample (0.2-0.5 g dry) and simplify the measurement process.This method may be has broad application prospects.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-265634

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the effect of HIS hospital management system in medical equipment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From April 2012 to 2013 in our hospital 5 100 sets of medical equipment as the control group, another 2013 in our hospital from April 2014 may 100 sets of medical equipment as the study group, comparative analysis of two groups of medical equipment scrap rate, usage, maintenance score and the score of benefit etc.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Control group and taken to hospital information system, his research group equipment scrap rate, there was a significant difference, the research group of equipment maintenance score and efficiency scores were higher than those of the control group (P < 0.05), the study group of equipment maintenance score and efficiency scores were higher than those of the control group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HIS hospital management system for medical equipment management has positive clinical application value, can effectively improve the use of medical equipment, it is worth to draw and promote.</p>


Subject(s)
Equipment and Supplies, Hospital , Hospital Administration , Hospital Information Systems , Maintenance
10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 520-525, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436184

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the outcomes of the modified multiple nerve transfer s combined with the late hand function reconstruction to restore the active pick-up function of the paralyzed upper extremity in patients with total brachial plexus avulsion injuries (TBPAI).Methods 33 patients suffered with TBPAI firstly underwent multiple nerve transfers,which including accessory nerve transfers to neurotize the suprascapular nerve to recover the shoulder abduction,contralateral C7 (CC7) nerve transfers via the modified pre-spinal route with direct coaptation to restore lower trunk function and the musculocutaneous nerve was also neurotized by the transferred CC7 nerve via a cutaneous nerve graft to restore the function of elbow flexion,as well as the phrenic nerve transfers to neurotize the posterior division of lower trunk to restore the function of elbow and finger extension.The patients with muscle recovery were selected to perform the hand function reconstruction at the second stage for restoring the active pick-up function.The patients were chosen as followcriterias:the degree of shoulder abduction attained 30°or more,the motor power of elbow,wrist,and finger flexion attained grade M4 or more,elbow and finger extension attained M3 or more.The methods of hand function reconstruction included wrist fusion and flexor carpal ulnaris opponensplasty,in addition to palmar capsulodesis of the metacarpophalangeal joint.Results The mean follow up was 41±7.7 (range,36-73 months) after the first procedure of multiple nerve transfers,the muscle strength of elbow and finger and wrist flexion attained M 4 as well as the elbow and finger extension achieved M3 or more in 10 patients,all of 10 patients achieved 40°-80°shoulder abduction.8 out of 10 patients had performed the second surgical procedure for hand functional reconstruction.6 of them had successfully recovered the active pick-up function.Conclusions The newly designed procedure of multiple nerve transfers could effectively restore the function of shoulder abduction,elbow,wrist,and finger flexion,as well as elbows and finger extension in patients with TBPAI,combined with the hand functional reconstruction,active pick-up function could be successfully reconstructed.

11.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 855-861, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-420251

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe effect of phrenic nerve transter to the posterior division ot lower trunk (PDLT) for recovering elbow and finger extension in patients with brachial plexus root avulsion.Methods From June 2005 to December 2008,43 patients with brachial plexus root avulsion were treated with phrenic nerve transfer to PDLT to recover elbow and finger extension.There were 36 males and 7 females,aged from 4 to 44 years (average,23.5±9.9 years).The interval from injury to operation ranged from 1 to 12months (average,3.7±1.9 months).There were 32 cases of total nerve roots avulsion,5 cases of middle and lower trunk avulsion accompanied with upper trunk normal or partial injury,and 6 cases of C6 to T1 nerve root avulsion accompanied with C5 nerve root rupture or partial injury.The normal function of the phrenic nerve in the injured side should be proved preoperatively by radiographic and electromyographic examination.The entire brachial plexus in injured side was exposed through the combined incision.The posterior division of lower trunk was identified and severed as proximal as possible,and the posterior cord and radial nerve were dissociated distally until to the level of midpoint of humerus.Then the branches of the posterior cord except the radial nerve were sectioned.Direct anastomosis of the phrenic nerve and PDLT was performed in 33 patients,and indirect anastomosis through bridge grafting using sural nerve was performed in remaining 10 cases.Results All patients were followed up for 36 to 73 months (average,39.7±7.l months).The percentage of muscle strength ≥grade 3 in elbow,finger and thumb extension was 81.6%,41.9% and 39.5%,respectively.Conclusion Satisfactory functional recovery of elbow extension had been achieved after the phrenic nerve transfer to the PDLT in patients with brachial nerve root avulsion injury,however,the functional recovery of finger and thumb extension was not as satisfactory as anticipated.

12.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 119-122,后插4, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598101

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the functional recovery of shoulder joint and the reduction of posterior dislocated humeral head in children with shoulder joint internal rotation contracture and humeral head posterior dislocation secondary to brachial plexus birth palsy treated by a modified surgical procedure through the anterior combined posterior approach of the shoulder. MethodsNinteen patients,ranging in age from 2.5 to 8.5 years (average 5 years),suffered posterior dislocation of the shoulder joint secondary to internal rotation contracture in brachial plexus birth palsy. The gleno-humeral joint deformity was confirmed by X-ray and CT examination and classified as type Ⅳ in 15 eases and typeⅤin 4 cases according to the modified water's criteria.The surgical procedure was as follows:the contracture soft tissue around the anterior of shoulder joint was released firstly through the anterior approach, and the posterior-inferior capsule of the shoulder was exposed and separated with the pseudoglenoid through the posterior approach,the humeral head was reduced by external rotation the arm,then the posterior-inferior capsule was retighten.A plaster cast was used to fix the shoulder at the neutral position of 0° for 4 weeks. ResultsAfter 12 to 36 months follow up(average of 20 months), the Mallet score of the shoulder was from 11.4 ± 1.7 (range 7-16)preoperative to 15.5 ± 1.8(range 13-19) postoperative,the difference was significantly (P < 0.05).The central relocation of humeral head was achieved in 16 patients, but the humeral head was still dislocated to posterior in 3 cases.ConclusionsThe posterior-inferior capsule was separated with the pseudo-glenoid and retighten through the posterior approach,and reduction of the humeral head by soft tissue releaseing through the anterior approach can recover the concentric relationship of gleno-humeral joint and improve the function of shoulder joint with posterior dislocation secondary to internal rotated contracture deformity in brachial plexus birth palsy.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 758-763, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-388244

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the occurrence, prevention and management of surgical complication of contralateral C7 nerve root transfer through the prespinal route to repair the brachial plexus nerve root avulsion injury. Methods From Feb. 2002 to Aug. 2009, 425 patients were performed the contralateral C7 nerve root transfer through the prespinal route with this procedure. There were 379 males and 46 females,with the average age of 21 years (range, 3 months to 56 years). The contralateral C7 nerve root was sectioned at the distal of the middle trunk in 15 cases, at the distal of the anterior and posterior division in 410 patients. The surgical complications related to the health C7 nerve root section and the make of tunnel through the prespinal route and others were analyzed retrospectively. Results The incidence rate of complication was 5.2%(22/425). The surgical complications related to the make of prespinal route including 2 cases had the severe bleeding during the operation because of vertebral artery injury; transitory laryrecurrent nerve palsy occurred in 5 cases, the pain and numbness occurred on the donor upper limber in 4 cases when the patients swallowed. The complications related to the section of contralateral C7 nerve root including the extension of finger and thumb was dysfunction in 5 patients after the operation, 3 cases had the severely pain on the health upper limber, Horner's sign occurred on donor side in 2 children suffered birth palsy, and C6 nerve root was mistaken sectioned as C7 in 1 case. Other serious perioperative complication including the thromboses of the cerebral trunk occurred in 1 case 42 hours postoperative and died in hospital 38 days after the operation. Conclusion The procedure of contralateral C7 nerve root transfer through the prespinal route is safe. The effective method to prevent this complication occurrence is to expose the origin segment of vertebral artery when making prespinal route.

15.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 264-266, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-381967

ABSTRACT

Objective To design technique of local flap transposition to refine the aesthetic appearance of reconstructed fingers by toes transfer.Methods Nine cases with 21 reconstructed finger were included,which involved 6 males and 3 females with an average age of 21.8 years(range,18-34years).A lingual contour flap with a lateral pedicle Was shifted from the inflated distal pulp to the narrow middle part of the"finger"to refine the aesthetic appearance.Overall results were evaluated in terms of the survival of the flap,the appearance improvement and the functional influence of the reconstructed finger.Results All of the flaps survived and healed perfectly.After a mean follow-up of 9.3 months(range,6-12months),the appearance of the reconstructed fingers were impmved apparently.There was little influence on the function of the finger.The results showed that all the patients gained more acceptable fingers.Conclusion From our experience,local flap transposition is a useful method for remolding of reconstructed fingers by toes transfer.

16.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1613-1619, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275314

ABSTRACT

Leptin, a cytokine predominantly secreted from fat tissue, plays an important role in regulating organism energy balance. Leptin can stimulate lipolysis, but the mechanism is unclear. In order to study the molecular mechanism of leptin stimulating lipolysis, we systemically studied the mRNA expression of key lipolytic enzymes. Morphological observation, Oil Red O staining and RT-PCR were used to identify pig primary adipocytes; commercial kits were used to measure the glycerol and FFA release; Semiquantitative RT-PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression of key lipolytic enzymes. The results showed that 100 nmol/L leptin up-regulated the mRNA expression of ATGL, TGH-2, HSL, MGL and LPL (P<0.01), but down-regulated the Perilipin mRNA expression (P<0.01). At the same time, leptin promoted the glycerol release in a dose dependent manner (P<0.01), but had no effect on the FFA release (P>0.05). These indicate that leptin may mainly stimulate lipolysis in pig primary adipocytes by up-regulating the expression of ATGL, MGL, LPL and down-regulating the expression of Perilipin. The unchanged FFA release may be resulted from Leptin promoting UCPs mRNA expression and increasing FFA expenditure.


Subject(s)
Adipocytes , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Animals , Animals, Newborn , Cells, Cultured , Leptin , Pharmacology , Lipase , Genetics , Metabolism , Lipolysis , Male , Monoacylglycerol Lipases , Genetics , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Swine
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-535796

ABSTRACT

Objective To study expression of extracellular signal-regualated kinase in intraepithelial neoplasia,prostatic cancer and BPH tissue. Methods Expression of extracellular signal-regualated kinase (ERK) was determined in 12 prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN),11 prostate cancer and 16 benign prostatic hyperplasia specimens.ERK expression was determined by immunohistochemistry. Results ERK expression was positive in all the 12 PIN specimens,6 of which being overexpressed.In the 11 prostate cancer specimens,overexpression was observed in only one while the other 10 under expressed.Overexpreassion was not observed in all the BPH specimens whereas 12 of the 16 showed underexpression. Conclusions ERK expression is obviously higher in PIN tissue (P

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