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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 217-225, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927706

ABSTRACT

With the development of global economy, the dramatically increased production of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastics has led to a remarkably increased amount of plastic waste. PET waste can be treated by landfill, incineration, or biodegradation. While landfilling and incineration may cause secondary pollution, biodegradation has since received increased attentions due to its environmental friendliness. Recent studies have indicated that the carbohydrate binding module (CBM) can effectively enhance the binding of PET degrading enzymes to PET, and consequently increasing PET degradation rate. Here we constructed a fusion protein BaCBM2-Tfuc containing the BaCBM2 from Bacillus anthraci and the cutinase Tfuc from Thermobifida fusca, by megaprimer PCR of whole plasmids (MEGAWHOP). Notabaly, the PET film degradation efficiency (at 60 ℃) of BaCBM2-Tfuc was 2.8 times that of Tfuc. This study may provide technical support for constructing fusion proteins capable of efficiently degrading PET.


Subject(s)
Carbohydrates , Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases , Polyethylene Terephthalates , Thermobifida
2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 273-276, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873690

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To estimate the transmission capacity of influenza clustering in schools and nurseries, and to evaluate the effect of suspension measures, providing a basis for formulating disease management strategies and control measures.@*Methods@#The SEIAR dynamics model was used to simulate the epidemic data, calculating the basic regeneration coefficient R 0 of the epidemic to evaluate the epidemic transmission capacity, and calculating the cumulative incidence rate of the epidemic to evaluate the prevention and control effect of the suspension measures.@*Results@#The basic regeneration coefficient R 0 was 8.44(8.01,8.89) without intervention. There were statistically significant differences in R 0 of influenza epidemic among different types of school(F=9.52, P<0.01). The R 0 of influenza epidemic in primary and secondary schools were higher than that in nurseries(P<0.05). R 0 of influenza A was higher than that of influenza B(t=2.71, P<0.01). R 0 of influenza A(H3) was higher than of influenza B(Victoria)(P<0.05). The cumulative incidence of the outbreaks which were suspended for 4 days and 7 days was significantly lower than that in the non-suspensions(P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the cumulative incidence of the outbreaks between the 4-day suspension and the 7-day suspension(P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#Transmission capacity of school-based influenza epidemic is high, especially among primary and secondary schools. When the epidemic situation of infected class meets the suspension standard, it is recommended to suspend classes for 4 days.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942720

ABSTRACT

According to the situation of 34 batches of natural rubber latex condoms tested by our center in 2018, the unqualified items in the product inspection items and the exploratory research results of D4 and D5 content in silicone oil lubricants are analyzed. We make recommendations on product technical requirements or standards to strengthen the quality supervision of products.


Subject(s)
Condoms/standards , Latex , Silicone Oils
4.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1644-1648, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697835

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of GPS score and CEA in predicting the prognosis of pa-tients with colorectal cancer undergoing laparoscopic surgery. Methods 120 patients diagnosed as colorectal can-cer in our hospital were involved and their baseline information include Height,weight,history,complication, course of disease,tumor size,pathological type,tumor location,TNM stage,vascular tumor thrombus and lymph node metastasis were recorded. Then,all of the patients were followed-up 18 months and patients with favorable prognosis were defined as the favorable group while patients with unfavorable prognosis were defined as the unfavor-able group. Cox′s proportional hazard regression model analysis was applied to evaluate the influencing degree of those factors on the prognosis of the subjects. The factors in predicting prognosis were calculated by ROC curves. Results The poor prognosis rate of patients with colorectal cancer after operation treatments was 37.84%. Cox′s proportional hazard regression model analysis showed that CEA(P = 0.035),GPS score(P = 0.023)have influenc-es on the prognosis. Conclusion GPS scores and CEA may assess the prognosis of patients with colorectal cancer undergoing laparoscopic surgery,which is expected to be used as an indicator of predicting the prognosis of pa-tients with colorectal cancer undergoing laparoscopic surgery.

5.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 273-279, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737948

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the associations of obesity and physical activity with cognition in the elderly.Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted from October 2009 to June 2010 among people aged ≥50 years selected through multistage random cluster sampling in Shanghai.The subjects' body weight,body height,waist circumference and hip circumference were measured to calculate body mass index (BMI) and waist-hip ratio (WHR),and the data on self-reported physical activity level were collected through questionnaire survey.A comprehensive battery of cognitive tests was conducted to assess subjects' cognitive functions,including verbal recall,forward digit span (FDS),backward digit span (BDS),and verbal fluency (VF).General linear model was used to examine the associations of BMI,WHR and physical activity with cognition.Results A total of 7 913 participants were included,with a median age of 60 years.Age,sex,education level,income level,BMI,WHR and physical activity level were significantly associated with cognitive scores in univariate analysis.After adjusted for age,sex,education level and income level,BMI was no longer significantly associated with cognitive scores in all cognitive functions (all P>0.01).WHR was significantly associated with VF score (P<0.01).Abdominally obese participants had lower VF score than non-abdominally obese participants (P<0.01).Physical activity level was significantly associated with all cognitive functions (P<0.01).Compared with participants with moderate physical activity level,participants with low physical activity level had lower scores in all cognitive functions (P<0.01).Conclusion Abdominal obesity and low physical activity level were negatively associated with cognition level in the elderly,suggesting that waist circumference control and physical activity might help maintain cognition in the elderly.

6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 273-279, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736480

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the associations of obesity and physical activity with cognition in the elderly.Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted from October 2009 to June 2010 among people aged ≥50 years selected through multistage random cluster sampling in Shanghai.The subjects' body weight,body height,waist circumference and hip circumference were measured to calculate body mass index (BMI) and waist-hip ratio (WHR),and the data on self-reported physical activity level were collected through questionnaire survey.A comprehensive battery of cognitive tests was conducted to assess subjects' cognitive functions,including verbal recall,forward digit span (FDS),backward digit span (BDS),and verbal fluency (VF).General linear model was used to examine the associations of BMI,WHR and physical activity with cognition.Results A total of 7 913 participants were included,with a median age of 60 years.Age,sex,education level,income level,BMI,WHR and physical activity level were significantly associated with cognitive scores in univariate analysis.After adjusted for age,sex,education level and income level,BMI was no longer significantly associated with cognitive scores in all cognitive functions (all P>0.01).WHR was significantly associated with VF score (P<0.01).Abdominally obese participants had lower VF score than non-abdominally obese participants (P<0.01).Physical activity level was significantly associated with all cognitive functions (P<0.01).Compared with participants with moderate physical activity level,participants with low physical activity level had lower scores in all cognitive functions (P<0.01).Conclusion Abdominal obesity and low physical activity level were negatively associated with cognition level in the elderly,suggesting that waist circumference control and physical activity might help maintain cognition in the elderly.

7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 634-637, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737697

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the prevalence of group sex in men who have sex with men (MSM) and related factors in Taizhou,Zhejiang province.Methods From March 2013 to September 2015,a cross-sectional survey was conducted among MSM recruited from gay bars or bath houses in Taizhou by using questionnaire to collect the information about their sexual behavior and HIV test.Results A total of 1 435 MSM were recruited,179 of them (12.5%) were HIV infected,231 (16.1%) reported group sex during the past year.Compared with MSM without group sex,more MSM with group sex had more than ten male sexual partners (53.7% vs.19.0%,x2=125.527,P< 0.01),had both male and female sexual partners (86.6% vs.68.2%,x2=31.935,P<0.01),used no condom at sex with female partners during the past year (28.1% vs.19.8%,x2=6.540,P<0.05).After adjusted for educational level and occupation,group sex was associated with age [≥ 50 years old vs.≤ 24 years old,adjusted odds ratio (aOR)=2.25,P=0.027],marriage with female (divorced or widowed vs.unmarried,aOR=0.29,P=0.001),census registering (local resident vs.non-local resident,aOR=1.56,P=0.023),number of male seuxal partners (≥21 vs.2-5,aOR=8.06,P<0.001;11-20 vs.2-5,aOR=3.25,P<0.001) and number of female seuxal partners (≥6 vs.0,aOR=2.63,P=0.005;2-5 vs.0,aOR=2.58,P=0.001;1 vs.0,aOR=2.01,P=0.010).Conclusion The prcvalcncc of group sex in MSM was high in Taizhou,and their poor condom use and complex sex behaviors would result in higher HIV infection rate and risk of transmission.

8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 634-637, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736229

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the prevalence of group sex in men who have sex with men (MSM) and related factors in Taizhou,Zhejiang province.Methods From March 2013 to September 2015,a cross-sectional survey was conducted among MSM recruited from gay bars or bath houses in Taizhou by using questionnaire to collect the information about their sexual behavior and HIV test.Results A total of 1 435 MSM were recruited,179 of them (12.5%) were HIV infected,231 (16.1%) reported group sex during the past year.Compared with MSM without group sex,more MSM with group sex had more than ten male sexual partners (53.7% vs.19.0%,x2=125.527,P< 0.01),had both male and female sexual partners (86.6% vs.68.2%,x2=31.935,P<0.01),used no condom at sex with female partners during the past year (28.1% vs.19.8%,x2=6.540,P<0.05).After adjusted for educational level and occupation,group sex was associated with age [≥ 50 years old vs.≤ 24 years old,adjusted odds ratio (aOR)=2.25,P=0.027],marriage with female (divorced or widowed vs.unmarried,aOR=0.29,P=0.001),census registering (local resident vs.non-local resident,aOR=1.56,P=0.023),number of male seuxal partners (≥21 vs.2-5,aOR=8.06,P<0.001;11-20 vs.2-5,aOR=3.25,P<0.001) and number of female seuxal partners (≥6 vs.0,aOR=2.63,P=0.005;2-5 vs.0,aOR=2.58,P=0.001;1 vs.0,aOR=2.01,P=0.010).Conclusion The prcvalcncc of group sex in MSM was high in Taizhou,and their poor condom use and complex sex behaviors would result in higher HIV infection rate and risk of transmission.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808082

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the prevalence and correlates of unprotected sexual intercourse within HIV serodiscordant couples in Dehong prefecture, Yunnan Province, China, in 2014.@*Methods@#This study was based on the follow-up investigation of "the AIDS cohort of seronegative spouses of HIV-infected individuals in Dehong prefecture" in 2014. The 1 520 participants were HIV seronegative spouses from all five counties/cities of Dehong prefecture who voluntarily participated in the cohort. Inclusion criteria included: having a HIV-positive spouse; ≥16 years of age; having had sexual intercourse with spouse in the past year; and being a resident of Dehong prefecture. Information on HIV-positive spouses were also collected through the local AIDS epidemic database. Chi square analysis was performed to compare differences in the rates of unprotected sexual intercourse between participants with different characteristics and lifestyle choices. Multivariable logistic regression model analysis was performed to determine correlates with unprotected sexual intercourse.@*Results@#The 1 520 participants had a mean age of 38.7±9.4, compared with 39.7±8.9 for their HIV-positive spouses. Among the HIV-positive spouses, 77.8% (1 183/1 520) had been infected for more than 3 years, and 87.6% (1 332/1 520) had received antiretroviral therapy. The prevalence of unprotected sexual intercourse within serodiscordant couples over the past 12 months was 16.1% (244/1 520). The prevalence of unprotected sexual intercourse correlated with the level of education of HIV-negative spouses (illiterate vs. middle school and above, OR=1.58, P=0.044), the number of years since diagnosis of HIV-positive spouses (short vs. long, OR=1.6, P=0.006), antiretroviral therapy of HIV-positive spouses (no vs. yes, OR=2.78, P<0.001), the frequency of sexual intercourse per month (high vs. low, OR=1.66, P=0.019), and whether the couple had children (no vs. yes, OR=1.72, P=0.007).@*Conclusion@#The prevalence of unprotected sexual intercourse within serodiscordant couples in Dehong prefecture was relatively high in 2014. Factors found to correlate with the occurrence of unprotected sexual intercourse within these couples included illiteracy of HIV-negative spouses, short time since diagnosis of HIV-positive spouses and lack of antiretroviral therapy, high frequency of sexual intercourse and no children.

10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 512-516, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237509

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the incidence rate and risk factors of HIV infection among sero-negative spouses of people living with HIV/AIDS (HIV/AIDS) in Dehong prefecture, Yunnan province.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A prospective cohort study was conducted from February 2009 to December 2014 in Dehong prefecture, Yunnan province. Questionnaire survey and HIV related tests were carried out once a year.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>By the end of December 2014, 2 091 sero-negative spouses had been recruited, of whom 1 692 were followed-up for at least one time. RESULTS showed that 34 new HIV infections were identified within 5 494.52 person years of follow-up, for an overall incidence of 0.62 per 100 person years. HIV incidence rates appeared as 0.79 per 100 person years, 0.62 per 100 person years, 0.47 per 100 person years in 2009-2010, 2011-2012, 2013-2014, respectively. Data from the Cox proportional hazard regression model indicated that risk factors of HIV infection among sero-negative spouses of HIV/AIDS were: non-consistent condom use (HR=4.64, 95%CI: 1.89-11.40,P= 0.001), HIV/AIDS delayed antiviral retrovirus therapy (ART) for more than one year (HR=3.70, 95% CI: 1.44-9.49,P=0.007) after the HIV negative spouses were initially recruited, HIV/AIDS did not receive any ART (HR=3.62, 95% CI: 1.14-11.51,P=0.029).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The incidence of HIV infection among sero-negative spouses in Dehong prefecture was relatively low. Publicity on consistent condom use program should be emphasized among sero-negative spouses of HIV/AIDS, together with the timely provision of ART to those HIV/AIDS.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , China , Epidemiology , Female , HIV Infections , Epidemiology , HIV Seronegativity , Humans , Incidence , Male , Mass Screening , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sexual Behavior , Spouses , Surveys and Questionnaires , Young Adult
11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3255-3257, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500977

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To analyze the effect of daptomycin on methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus(MRSA)infection patients with diabetic foot (DF). METHODS:179 patients with type 2 DF complicating with MRSA were randomly divided into daptomycin group (90 cases) and vancomycin group (89 cases),and both groups were included infection group. 80 DF patients without MRSA infection were included in non-infection group. All of them received DF routine treatment ;daptomycin group was additionally given intravenous injection of daptomycin 4 mg/kg,once a day,for 2 weeks;vancomycin group was additionally giv-en intravenous injection of vancomycin 4 mg/kg,once a day,for 2 weeks. RESULTS:After treatment,IL-6,IL-8,MMP-2 and MMP-9 of infection group were significantly decreased,while TIMP-1 levels increased significantly,with statistical significance, compared to before treatment (P<0.05). The effective rate of daptomycin group was 94.4%,which was significantly higher than that of vancomycin group(71.9%),with statistical significance(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Daptomycin can effectively improve the inflammatory status in patients with DF complicated with MRSA infection,to restore the MMPs/TIMPs balance.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425754

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate value of minimally invasive surgical approach in patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage in primary hospital.MethodsAccording to the operation procedure,93 cases with basal ganglia hemorrhage were divided into three groups:1.minimally invasive surgery group A (n =37 ),2.ventricular puncture and drainage,lumbar cistern drainage group B(n=10),3.usual operation group C( n =46).Estimated operation effect with computed tomography in 24 hours after operation.Case fatality rate and complication incidence were analyzed after three months of operation according to the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS).ResultsMinimally invasive surgery group A had the highest hematoma clearance rate (82.7 ± 8.1 ) %,group B (78.6±6.5 % ),group C (50 ±10% ).The incidence rate of rebleeding was 8.1% in group A( n =3 ),10% in group B ( n =1 ),34.8% in group C (n =16).The grade Ⅳ of the GOS and the grade Ⅲ of the GOS was respectively 93.8% and 6.5%,case fatality rate was zero.Conclusion The minimally invasive surgical operation not only lead to less tissue damage and decrease rebleeding,but also improve neurological functional recovery.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-398582

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare and analyze the surgical and non-surgical treatment results of hypertensive cerebrat hemorrhage.Methods 29 vases of hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage patients are randomly divided into two groups:13 cases were treated by surgical treatment,and 16 cases were treated by medicine treatment.Results In surgical group,dead 3 cases,plant survival 5 eases,death disablity rate is 62%;and in non-surgical group:dead 1 case,plant survival 5 eases,death disablity rate is 44%.Conclusion There is no significant difierence between surgical and non-surgical treatment of hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage.It should be thought more to use surgical treatment on hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-593782

ABSTRACT

Objective To transfect a recombinant pcDNA3.1-DCN into HepG2 cells and detect the expressions of decorin(DCN) and p21WAF1/CIP1 so as to investigate the mechanism of tumor suppression of DCN.Methods HepG2 cells were divided into pcDNA3.1-dec-HepG2 group(transfected group) and pcDNA3.1-HepG2 group(control group).After the recombinant pcDNA3.1-DCN and pcDNA3.1 were transfected into HepG2 hepatoma cells by liposome,the stably transfected cell lines were established using G418 screening.RT-PCR method was used to detect the expressions of DCN and p21WAF1/ CIP1 mRNA;Western blotting method was used to detect the expressions of DCN and p21WAF1/CIP1 protein;immunohistochemistry was performed to detect the expression of DCN protein.Results Compared with control group,the expressions of DCN and p21WAF1/CIP1 mRNA were significantly increased in transfected group by RT-PCR(P

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250563

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate safety and immunogenicity of inactivated hepatitis A vaccine in HBsAg carriers and healthy children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and twenty-one healthy children and ten HBsAg carriers, aged 1-10 years HAV susceptible were enrolled in the study. The inactivated hepatitis A vaccine was produced by Tangshan Biogenetic Company. The dosage of the vaccine was 1000 U/Dosage and 500 U/Dosage. The vaccination schedule was six month apart for two injections. The serum anti-HAV level was detected with EIA at one month after first injection and at one and six month after the booster injection, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The anti-HAV appeared in all the children. One month after the booster injection, the serum anti-HAV level in children vaccinated 500 U/Dosage was 4684.9 mIU and 4535.6 mIU, respectively and in the children vaccinated 1000 U/Dosage, 5399.8 mIU and 7347.1 mIU, respectively. The anti-HAV level was not statistically different between the two groups of children. There was no adverse reaction after the vaccination. The anti-HAV level was still high one year after first injection.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The data indicated that the safety and immunogenicity of the domestic inactivated hepatitis A vaccine were excellent in both groups of children.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Hepatitis A Antibodies , Blood , Hepatitis A Vaccines , Allergy and Immunology , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Blood , Humans , Immunization , Infant , Vaccines, Inactivated , Allergy and Immunology
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