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1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 721-724, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911103

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic microwave ablation combined with partial nephrectomy in the treatment of cystic renal masses.Methods:The 19 patients with cystic renal masses undergoing laparoscopic microwave ablation combined with partial nephrectomy from November 2017 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 13 males and 6 females. The average age was 46.2 years. The mean body mass index was (25.8±3.1) kg/m 2. The masses located in the left kidney in 7 cases and the right kidney in 12 cases. The ECOG scores were 0. The mean maximum diameter of the tumors was (2.8±1.3) cm. Five cases were diagnosed with Bosniak Ⅲ and 14 cases with Bosniak Ⅳ. According to R. E.N.A.L. scoring, 11 cases were of low difficulty (4-6 points), 7 cases of medium difficulty (7-9 points) and 1 case of high difficulty (10-12 points). The cystic renal masses were ablated by laparoscopic microwave ablation, then followed by partial nephrectomy. Postoperative complications were observed and the prognosis was assessed by CT or MRI. Results:The mean duration of operation was (84.0±20.8) min. The median intraoperative blood loss was 20 (10-50) ml. The median duration of postoperative hospitalization was 3 (2-6) d, and no complications such as bleeding, infection, gross hematuria or urine leakage were observed. According to the malignant degree of cystic renal masses, the patients were divided into low-risk group and high-risk group. The patients with benign cystic kidney tumors or with low biological malignancy were considered as the low-risk group, while the patients with high malignant pathology were considered as the high-risk group. In the low-risk group, there were 4 patients, including 1 patient with papillary adenoma, 1 patient with renal angiomyolipoma, 1 patient with low-grade malignant potential multilocular cystic renal tumor, and 1 patient with renal chromophobe carcinoma (stage T 1a). In the high-risk group, there were 15 cases, including 14 cases of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (AJCC pathological stage: T 1a stage 11 cases, T 1b stage 3 cases; WHO/ISUP classification: 7 cases in grade 1, 6 cases in grade 2, and 1 case in grade 3); 1 case of Type 2 papillary renal cell carcinoma (stage T 1b, grade 2). The median follow-up was 20 months (12-37 months). Both groups survived, and no signs of tumor recurrence, implantation or metastasis were found in chest and abdomen imaging. Blood tests were performed regularly, and no significant abnormalities occurred. Conclusions:The safety and efficacy of laparoscopic microwave ablation combined with partial nephrectomy for the treatment of cystic renal masses is satisfactory, and postoperative pathology is clear, providing a potential option for cystic renal masses treatment.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 283-288, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885005

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the risk factors associate with apex or basal positive surgical margins in patients after radical prostatectomy.Methods:During the period from January 2013 to December 2017, data was collected in 180 patients undergoing radical prostatectomy in Urological department of Peking University Cancer Hospital. Surgical margins were stated negative, positive, apex positive, basal positive. Dichotomous logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the age, total prostate volume, biopsy positive cores, D’Amico risk classification, tumor pathology stage, Gleason score, tPSA, f/tPSA and pelvic lymph nodes metastasis with the PSMs.Results:PSMs were detected in 97 cases, including 78 cases with positive apex, 51 cases with positive basal, and 83 cases with negative margin, the PSMs proportion was 53.9%. In univariable analysis, pT 3b( OR=6.871, P=0.010), pT 4( OR=12.13, P<0.05), Gleason≥8( OR=4.989, P=0.005), pelvic lymph nodes metastasis( OR=9.516, P=0.043) associated with higher proportion of PSMs. In multivariable analysis, pT 3b( OR=5.782, P=0.030), pT 4( OR=10.15, P<0.05), Gleason≥8( OR=11.13, P=0.012) were the independent factors positively associated with higher proportion of PSMs. In univariable analysis, pT 3b( OR=4.040, P=0.026), Gleason≥8( OR=2.390, P=0.010) associated with higher proportion of apex positive. In multivariable analysis, Gleason≥8 ( OR=1.980, P=0.030) was the only independent factor associated with higher proportion of apex positive. In univariable analysis, D’Amico high risk ( OR=1.847, P=0.035), pT 4 ( OR=1.780, P=0.001) associated with higher proportion of basal positive. In multivariable analysis, D’Amico high risk ( OR=1.540, P=0.041) was the only independent factor associated with higher proportion of basal positive. Conclusions:In patients radical prostatectomy, pathology staging and Gleason score were associated with positive surgical margins.Gleason score was associated with positive apex margins, and D’Amico risk classification was associated with positive basal margins.

3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 13-18, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869584

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between SUVmax on preoperative 68Ga-PSMA PET-CT and the clinicopathological characteristics of patients treated with radical prostatectomy.Methods The clinicopahtological data of patients evaluated with 68Ga-PSMA PET-CT preoperatively and treated with radical prostatectomy between May 2016 and August 2019 were retrospectively reviewed.31 patients with a mean age (63.1 ± 4.9) and baseline PSA (72.71 ± 173.15) ng/ml were enrolled.Their BMI mean (24.6 ± 3.0) kg/m2.Baseline testosterone of 14 patients was (4.72 ± 1.64) ng/ml.Based on the Gleason scores related ISUP classification,all patients were classified into grade one in 5 cases,grade 2in 7 cases,grade 3 in 4 cases,grade 4 in 10 cases and grade 5 in 5 cases.The clinical classification included 6 cases in T2a stage,2 cases in T2b stage,17 cases in T2c stage,1 case in T3a stage,4 cases in T3b stage and 1 case in T4 stage.SUVmax was accessed by two independent professional nuclear medicine physicians.SUVmax was 12.49 ± 9.38.SPSS 16.0 software was used to do statistic analysis.Results The post-operative pathological results showed the surgical margin positive in 19 cases,negative in 12 cases,vascular positive in 5 cases,negative in 20 case,positive nerve invasion in 20 cases and negative in 11 cases.2 patients were low risk,7 patients were medium risk and 22 patients were high risk according to D'Amico classification.Based on the basis of PSA(≤ 10 or > 10) and Gleason score (≤6 or > 6),6 patients were in group with low PSA and low Gleason score,5 patients were low PSA and high Gleason score,9 patients were high PSA and low Gleason score,11 patients were high PSA and high Gleason score.SUVmax had a significant positive relationship with pathological ISUP (r =0.434,P =0.015) and SUVmax in patients with positive intravascular tumor emboli was significantly higher than those with negative intravascular tumor emboli (14.78 ± 10.68 vs.8.17 ± 2.81,P =0.005).No significant correlation was found between SUVmax and baseline PSA,testosterone,pathologic T stage,surgical margin,nerve invasion,pelvic lymph node status as well as risk stratification.SUVmax could distinguish pathologic ISUP grade 5 with a maximum AUC 0.747 (P =0.033) and the sensitivity was 88.9%.The specificity was 77.3% when SUVmax ≥ 11.34.SUVmax in patients with upgrading ISUP was significantly higher than that in patients with downgrading ISUP (16.01 ± 5.40 vs.4.98 ± 2.11,P =0.007).Conclusions SUVmax measured on preoperative 68 Ga-PSMA PET-CT may have a clinical significance in predicting unfavorable pathological factors for patients treated with radical prostatectomy.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 13-18, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798856

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between SUVmax on preoperative 68Ga-PSMA PET-CT and the clinicopathological characteristics of patients treated with radical prostatectomy.@*Methods@#The clinicopahtological data of patients evaluated with 68Ga-PSMA PET-CT preoperatively and treated with radical prostatectomy between May 2016 and August 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. 31 patients with a mean age (63.1±4.9) and baseline PSA (72.71±173.15)ng/ml were enrolled. Their BMI mean (24.6±3.0)kg/m2. Baseline testosterone of 14 patients was (4.72±1.64)ng/ml.Based on the Gleason scores related ISUP classification, all patients were classified into grade one in 5 cases, grade 2in 7 cases, grade 3 in 4 cases, grade 4 in 10 cases and grade 5 in 5 cases. The clinical classification included 6 cases in T2a stage, 2 cases in T2b stage, 17 cases in T2c stage, 1 case in T3a stage, 4 cases in T3b stage and 1 case in T4 stage. SUVmax was accessed by two independent professional nuclear medicine physicians. SUVmax was 12.49±9.38. SPSS 16.0 software was used to do statistic analysis.@*Results@#The post-operative pathological results showed the surgical margin positive in 19 cases, negative in 12 cases, vascular positive in 5 cases, negative in 20 case, positive nerve invasion in 20 cases and negative in 11 cases. 2 patients were low risk, 7 patients were medium risk and 22 patients were high risk according to D′Amico classification. Based on the basis of PSA(≤10 or>10) and Gleason score(≤6 or>6), 6 patients were in group with low PSA and low Gleason score, 5 patients were low PSA and high Gleason score, 9 patients were high PSA and low Gleason score, 11 patients were high PSA and high Gleason score. SUVmax had a significant positive relationship with pathological ISUP(r=0.434, P=0.015) and SUVmax in patients with positive intravascular tumor emboli was significantly higher than those with negative intravascular tumor emboli(14.78±10.68 vs. 8.17±2.81, P=0.005). No significant correlation was found between SUVmax and baseline PSA, testosterone, pathologic T stage, surgical margin, nerve invasion, pelvic lymph node status as well as risk stratification. SUVmax could distinguish pathologic ISUP grade 5 with a maximum AUC 0.747 (P=0.033) and the sensitivity was 88.9%. The specificity was 77.3% when SUVmax≥11.34. SUVmax in patients with upgrading ISUP was significantly higher than that in patients with downgrading ISUP (16.01±5.40 vs. 4.98±2.11, P=0.007).@*Conclusions@#SUVmax measured on preoperative 68Ga-PSMA PET-CT may have a clinical significance in predicting unfavorable pathological factors for patients treated with radical prostatectomy.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 885-888, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824602

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the application experience and predictive value of circulating tumor cells for urothelial carcinoma.Methods The clinical data of 96 patients with urothelial carcinoma treated by Beijing Cancer Hospital Urologic Department between September 2017 and September 2019 were analyzed retrospectively to evaluate relationship between the number of CTCs and pathological outcome.The mean age of the entire cohort was 62(40-87)years,with 74 males and 22 females.There were 13 cases of upper urinary tract tumors (pyelocarcinoma and ureteral carcinoma),83 cases of bladder carcinoma,and 12 cases of lymph node metastasis.There were 77 cases of primary onset and 19 cases of recurrence.68 cases in single focus group and 28 cases in multiple group.There were 29 cases in non infiltrative Ta stage,42 cases in infiltrative lamina propria T1 stage,16 cases in infiltrative muscle T2 stage,and 9 cases in extramuscular≥T3 stage.At least 3ml of peripheral blood was collected after fasting for at least 8 hours,After cleavage and centrifugation,immunomagnetic beads were added,folate probe was added,and then amplification was carried out.Then the copy number of CTCs in each ml of blood was calculated.Logistic linear regression was used to analyze the risk factors of lymph node metastasis.Results The mean CNC of all patients was 12.3 ±7.3;the mean CNC of ≤62 years old group was 10.8 ±4.2;the mean CNC of >62 years old group was 13.7 ±9.2;the mean CNC of initial cases was 11.5 ±5.3;the mean CNC of recurrent cases was 15.5 ± 12.2.Age (P =0.135) and frequency of onset (P =0.087) had no effect on the number of CTCs.The average CNC of single focus group was 10.5 ± 5.2,multiple focus group was 16.5 ± 9.7,Ta stage group was 8.2 ±2.3,T1 stage group was 12.0 ±4.4,T2 stage group was 16.4 ±6.8,and ≥T3 stage group was 19.5 ± 16.6.The number of lesions (P < 0.001) was significantly correlated with pathological T stage (P < 0.001) and the number of CTCs.Univariate regression analysis showed that T stage (P < 0.001) and the number of CTCs (P =0.02) might be correlated with lymph node metastasis;multivariate analysis showed that only T stage could be used as an independent predictor of lymph node metastasis (P =0.002).Conclusions CTCs can be used to predict lymph node metastasis of urothelial carcinoma.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 885-888, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800251

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To discuss the application experience and predictive value of circulating tumor cells for urothelial carcinoma.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 96 patients with urothelial carcinoma treated by Beijing Cancer Hospital Urologic Department between September 2017 and September 2019 were analyzed retrospectively to evaluate relationship between the number of CTCs and pathological outcome. The mean age of the entire cohort was 62(40-87)years, with 74 males and 22 females. There were 13 cases of upper urinary tract tumors (pyelocarcinoma and ureteral carcinoma), 83 cases of bladder carcinoma, and 12 cases of lymph node metastasis. There were 77 cases of primary onset and 19 cases of recurrence. 68 cases in single focus group and 28 cases in multiple group. There were 29 cases in non infiltrative Ta stage, 42 cases in infiltrative lamina propria T1 stage, 16 cases in infiltrative muscle T2 stage, and 9 cases in extra-muscular≥T3 stage. At least 3ml of peripheral blood was collected after fasting for at least 8 hours, After cleavage and centrifugation, immunomagnetic beads were added, folate probe was added, and then amplification was carried out. Then the copy number of CTCs in each ml of blood was calculated. Logistic linear regression was used to analyze the risk factors of lymph node metastasis.@*Results@#The mean CNC of all patients was 12.3±7.3; the mean CNC of ≤62 years old group was 10.8±4.2; the mean CNC of >62 years old group was 13.7±9.2; the mean CNC of initial cases was 11.5±5.3; the mean CNC of recurrent cases was 15.5±12.2. Age (P=0.135) and frequency of onset (P=0.087) had no effect on the number of CTCs. The average CNC of single focus group was 10.5±5.2, multiple focus group was 16.5±9.7, Ta stage group was 8.2±2.3, T1 stage group was 12.0±4.4, T2 stage group was 16.4±6.8, and ≥T3 stage group was 19.5±16.6. The number of lesions (P<0.001) was significantly correlated with pathological T stage (P<0.001) and the number of CTCs. Univariate regression analysis showed that T stage (P<0.001) and the number of CTCs (P=0.02) might be correlated with lymph node metastasis; multivariate analysis showed that only T stage could be used as an independent predictor of lymph node metastasis (P=0.002).@*Conclusions@#CTCs can be used to predict lymph node metastasis of urothelial carcinoma.

7.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 347-350, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709529

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application of nephron-sparing surgery in giant renal angiomyolipomas with the maximum diameter greater than 15 cm and its relevant surgical experience.Methods Between July 2014 to January 2017,5 patients with giant renal angiomyolipoma greater than 15 cm was admitted to our hospital for nephron-sparing surgery.The patients were all female ranging in age from 32-50 years (43.0 ± 7.1) years.According to the tumor imaging characteristics,we divided them into 3 different types including diffuse endogenous,exogenous and mixed type.All the tumors meet the criterion of exogenous type,ranging in diameter from 15.0-28.0 cm (20.4 ± 5.8) cm.4 patients harbored one single tumor and the other bilateral tumors.All the giant tumors located on the right side.Open transperitoneal nephron-sparing surgery was performed.Result During the operation,to find the joint site between the tumor and normal kidney is the key procedure in order to reserve more normal renal parenchyma.The operation time ranged from 105-175 min (125.4 ± 28.4) min,warm ischemia time 8-20 min (15.8 ±4.8) min,blood loss 50-400 ml (162.0 ± 141.5) ml.The average postoperative drainage volume ranged from 50-165 ml (99 ± 45) ml,the time of drainage tube removal 1-8 days (4.0 ± 2.6) days.The postoperative serum creatinine had no significant change compared to the value before operation (P =0.808).Postoperative hospital stay was 5-12 days (7.2 ± 2.9) days.Benign renal angiomyolipoma with negative margins was diagnosed as expected.No patient had a recurrence after a 1-32 months follow-up.Conclusion Nephron-sparing surgery could be used selectively in patients with giant renal angiomyolipoma greater than 15cm.For the tumors with the characteristic of exogenous type on imaging assessment before operation,open transperitoneal nephron-sparing surgery was an optional choice and could be implemented safely.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-622924

ABSTRACT

To culture creative persons with ability,experimental teaching systems has to be revolutionized.Comparatively concentrated and appropriately dispersed experimental managing pattern can be adopted to build up a new experimental teaching system,which combines systematic teaching and further exploration.The questions on how to develop open laboratory,change traditional experimental teaching pattern,improve the use of instrument and laboratory,pool fund to avoid repeated construction,and achieve fully share of resources are discussed in this article.

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