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1.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 203-209, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016398

ABSTRACT

Liver is the common site for metastasis and spread of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Lung cancer patients with liver metastasis have poor prognosis, which may be related to liver-specific microenvironment composition. The metastasis of lung cancer to the liver is regulated by various pathophysiological factors, including the liver immune microenvironment, related cells, proteins, signaling molecules, and gene changes. These factors will affect the consistent disease process and subsequent treatment strategies. Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have made breakthroughs in treatment of patients with advanced NSCLC. However, NSCLC patients with liver metastasis, a unique population of advanced lung cancer, are characterized by poor immunotherapeutic effect. This paper reviews the related mechanisms of the immune microenvironment in affecting the occurrence and development of liver metastases and summarizes the achievements and prospects of anti-tumor immunotherapy in liver metastases of NSCLC.

2.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 408-412, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986735

ABSTRACT

Although tumor treatment models have been continuously improved in clinical practice, cancer remains a serious threat to human health. The effect of probiotics on tumor therapy has received extensive attention. As a common colonizer of the intestinal mucosa, Akkermansia muciniphila(AKK) has a well-defined role in metabolic diseases, but its complex role in tumor development and therapeutic efficacy has not been fully elucidated. The unique properties and physiological roles of AKK play an important role in different solid tumors and it may be a potential biomarker. This article provides a review of previous studies and proposes clinical strategies to influence the abundance of AKK to provide a theoretical reference for the development of next-generation probiotics and the reshaping of the tumor treatment landscape.

3.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 275-278, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912668

ABSTRACT

Objective:To probe into the causes, reconstructive strategies, and repair outcomes of asymmetric eyelid configuration after blepharoplasty.Methods:All 73 patients (14 males and 59 females) with asymmetric double eyelid after blepharoplasty were recruited between July 2013 and June 2018 from Department of Plastic and Burns Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University. The patients aged from 18 years to 42 years with the median age of 27 years. The new double eyelid line was designed pre-operation. Releasing subcutaneous adhesion of upper eyelid entirely, trimming inferior orbicularis oculi, adjusting and comparing the attachment position of bilateral levator aponeurosis were performed during surgery. Patients and surgeons marked the appearance of double eyelid both before and after repair operation, results of which were analyzed by t-test.Results:All 73 patients obtained improved double eyelid with primary healing. During follow-up from 8 to 12 months, repaired double eyelid showed satisfactory configuration with smooth natural double eyelid line and symmetric bilateral double eyelid. Of the 73 patients, 3 (4.1%) complaint rough double eyelid line, for whom re-fixation through small incision were adopted and no complication was observed during follow-up time. Scores by patients and surgeons were both significantly better after surgery.Conclusions:Analyzing the causes of asymmetric eyelid after double-eyelid blepharoplasty and repairing it contribute to aesthetic pleasing reconstructed double eyelid.

4.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e68-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899339

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 has rapidly spread globally. Cancer patients are at a higher risk of being infected with the coronavirus and are more likely to develop severe complications, as compared to the general population. The increasing spread of COVID-19 presents challenges for the clinical care of patients with gynecological malignancies. Concerted efforts should be put into managing gynecological malignancies in an orderly manner by strictly implementing the measures that are specifically developed for controlling the spread of COVID-19. We have drafted Recommendations on Management of Gynecological Malignancies during the COVID-19 Pandemic based on our experience on controlling COVID-19 pandemic in China. We recommend that patients with gynecological malignancies should be managed in hierarchical and individualized manners in combination with local conditions related to COVID-19. Medical care decision should be balanced between controlling COVID-19 pandemic spread and timely diagnosis and treatment for gynecologic oncology patients.

5.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e68-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891635

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 has rapidly spread globally. Cancer patients are at a higher risk of being infected with the coronavirus and are more likely to develop severe complications, as compared to the general population. The increasing spread of COVID-19 presents challenges for the clinical care of patients with gynecological malignancies. Concerted efforts should be put into managing gynecological malignancies in an orderly manner by strictly implementing the measures that are specifically developed for controlling the spread of COVID-19. We have drafted Recommendations on Management of Gynecological Malignancies during the COVID-19 Pandemic based on our experience on controlling COVID-19 pandemic in China. We recommend that patients with gynecological malignancies should be managed in hierarchical and individualized manners in combination with local conditions related to COVID-19. Medical care decision should be balanced between controlling COVID-19 pandemic spread and timely diagnosis and treatment for gynecologic oncology patients.

6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 81-84, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704525

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To compare the clinical efficacy of erlotinib between late non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 19 mutation and those with exon 21 mutation.METHODS:Late NSCLC patients with EGFR mutation positive enrolled in our hospital during Oct.2013-Nov.2014 were selected.Patients with EGFR exon 19 Del mutant were regarded as group A,and patients with exon 21 L858R mutant were regarded as group B,45 cases in each group.All patients were orally administered with Edotinib hydrochloride tablets till progression.The disease control rate (DCR),median survival time (MST),median time to progress (mTTP),one-year survival rate and incidence of adverse reactions in 2 groups were compared.RESULTS:The DCR (93.02%) and one-year survival rate (81.40%) in group A were obviously higher than that of group B (72.09%,60.47%) (P<0.05),MST [(15.47 ± 2.87) month] and mTTP [(182.00 ± 8.24) d] were obviously longer than that of group B [(12.55 ± 2.92) month,(162.00 ± 7.22) d] (P<0.01).There was no statistical significance in the incidence of adverse reactions in 2 groups (P>0.05),and there were no severe adverse reactions.CONCLUSIONS:For patients with late NSCLC,erlotinib shows superior efficacy in patients with EGFR exon 19 mutation to patients with EGFR exon 21 mutation.

7.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 517-521, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617956

ABSTRACT

We investigated serotype and resistance of Salmonella during pig slaughtering in Shandong Province,China,providing basic data for the risk assessment of Salmonella and for guiding the clinical medication.We used rapid classification kit to identify Salmonella serotype,adopted broth microdilution method to detect the resistance of 13 kinds drugs belong to 8 categories.Result showed that the identified 9 kinds of serotype were mainly S.derby and S.typhimurium.The resistance to 13 kinds drugs of 298 Salmonella were different.The higher percentage of tetracycline drugs as Doxycycline(DOX) and Tetracycline(TE) were 97.99% and 80.20%,respectively,which was most sensitive to Colistine E.The resistant rate was only 2.01 %,following by Amoxicillin/Clavulanic acid and Ofloxacin which were 2.35 % and 4.03%,and the multiple resistant rate was 81.88%.TE-DOX was the regnant drug-resistant spectrum.In conclusion,the predominant serotype of Salmonella in links of pig slaughtering in Shandong Province is S.derby,and resistance is different to the different drugs.The drug resistance of different slaughter links exist significant differences,multiple drug resistance is serious,and drug-resistant spectrum are varied.

8.
Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery ; (6): 323-326, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614270

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the application value of 3 main parameters of diffusion kurtosis imaging(DKI) in diagnosis of prostatic carcinoma in the peripheral zone.Methods Conventional MRI and DKI were performed in 40 patients with histological confirmed as prostatic carcinoma in the peripheral zone.The values of ADC,FA and MK were calculated in the patients' tumor center and normal areas of the peripheral zone,and compared by two samples t-test.ROC curve were carried out to analyze the ability of ADC,MK and FA in differentiating prostate carcinoma from normal tissue in the peripheral zone.Results The mean values of MK and FA were significantly higher in tumor center than those in normal areas of the peripheral zone,and the ADC values were lower in tumor center,the differences were signicant(P<0.01).ROC curve analysis showed that the AUC of the ADC,FA and MK values were 0.966,0.871 and 0.998,respectively.Conclusion The 3 parameters of DKI could be a potential tool in diagnosing prostate carcinoma in the peripheral zone.The MK value has the highest sensitivity and specificity.

9.
Journal of China Medical University ; (12): 241-243, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509831

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical significance of single-incision video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery(SI-VATS)in elderly patients undergoing pneumonectomy. Methods The clinical data of elderly patients received pulmonary resection by SI-VATS and three-port video-assist-ed thoracoscopic surgery(TP-VATS)last year were analyzed. Results The SI-VATS group was significantly better than the TP-VATS group in in-cision length,drainage time,as well as the 1st,3rd,7th day VAS score and one month satisfaction after operation(all P0.05). Conclusion SI-VATS pul-monary resection is safe,feasible and with less invasive.

10.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 73-77, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507312

ABSTRACT

Objective:This work aims to detect the levels of miR-200c/141 methylation and miR-200c/141 in gastric cancer tissue and investigate the relationship between miR-200c/141 expression and clinical parameters. Methods:The methylation status of miR-200c/141 CpG island and miR-200c/141 in gastric cancer tissue specimens was evaluated by qRT-PCR or BS-MSP method. We analyzed the relationship among the methylation status of miR-200c/141 CpG island, expression level of miR-200c or miR-141, and clinical parame-ters. Results:The status of miR-200c/141 CpG island methylation in gastric cancer tissue was significantly higher compared with that in paracarcinoma tissue. MiR-200c and miR-141 were markedly decreased in gastric cancer tissue compared with those in adjacent tis-sue. MiR-200c/141 CpG island methylation was negatively related with the expression of miR-200c and miR-141 in gastric cancer speci-mens. Conclusion:The upregulation of miR-200c/141 CpG methylation inhibits miR-200c/141 expression in gastric cancer tissue.

11.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1409-1418, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485676

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Choriocarcinoma is a kind of trophoblastic neoplasm with highly aggressive phenotypes. Forkhead box D3 (FoxD3) is an embryonic and trophoblastic stem cel transcription factor. It plays important roles in different physical and pathological situations such as embryogenesis, carcinogenesis and tumor progression. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the role of FoxD3 in choriocarcinoma malignancy and the possible mechanism. METHODS:The human choriocarcinoma JAR cel line was employed in this study. The mRNA and protein expressions of genes were measured by quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) and western blot, respectively. The FoxD3 specific short hair RNA was applied to down-regulate gene expression. The cel proliferation was evaluatedin vitro by cel counting assay andin vivo by tumor growth. The migration/invasion was determined by transwel assay. The profile of FoxD3 targeted genes was investigated with an Agilent microarray and verified by qRT-PCR. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The FoxD3 mRNA and protein expressions in JAR cells were significantly higher than those in primarily cultured normal trophoblastic cells. Knockdown of FoxD3 by short hair RNA in JAR cells could inhibit cell proliferation and migration/invasionin vitro, and suppress thetumor growth with decreased β-human chorionic gonadotropin secretionin vivo. A profile of seven focal adhesion molecules (ITGA5, ITGB6, THBS4, COL6A3, VTN, NRXN3 and NLGN1) was verified to be targeted by FoxD3. Furthermore, knockdown of FoxD3 by short hair RNA could decrease the activation of focal adhesion kinase. All these findings suggest the overexpression of FoxD3 can contribute to the aggressive phenotype of choriocarcinoma JAR cells by regulating the profile of focal adhesion molecules and focal adhesion kinase.

12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Library and Information Science ; (12): 22-26, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502841

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the value of objective information transformation by analyzing oral diseases in outpa-tient department of our hospital and the diagnosis and treatment of oral diseases between expert clinic and outpatient clinic. Methods Oral diseases in over 50000 cases who visited the outpatient department of our hospital in 2015 were classified according to the ICD10 and analyzed by Pareto analysis. Results Dental carries, pulpitis, chronic periodontitis and dental crowding were the major diseases detected in outpatient department of our hospital, ac-counting for 80% of the total outpatients, and importance was thus attached to their treatment. Oral diseases re-ceived orthodontic therapy in expert clinic and received tooth implantation in outpatient clinic. Conclusion Hospi-tals should scientifically allocate their medical resources, strengthen the training of their young dentists, bring into full play of their limited medical resources according to the distribution of oral diseases in their outpatient depart-ments in order to meet the increasing demand of oral healthcare.

13.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1127-1130, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480320

ABSTRACT

Lymph node metastasis is the main prognostic factor of endometrial cancer patients.As the metastasis of early endometrial cancer patients is very low,it remains a controversy whether these patients are necessary to undergo conventional lymphadenectomy and a challenge to confirm the scope of lymph node dissection.We intend to demonstrate the application of lymphadenectomy in patients with early endometrial cancer via the impact of lymphadenectomy on the prognosis of these patients.The risk factors for lymph node metastasis of endometrial cancers were analyzed to explore its value in the surgical option.Furthermore,the guidance of sentinel lymph node in surgical staging and prognostic prediction of early endometrial cancer was explored to clarify the applied condition and scope of lymphadenectomy in these patients.

14.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 841-844, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480113

ABSTRACT

Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) mediate distant metastasesof many kinds of cancer.The detection and characterization of CTC through different enrichment and isolation methods play important roles in assessing of prognosis, monitoring of therapy response and decision making of personalized treatment.With the development of continued research, detection of CTC may become a routine test for therapeutic decision making of cancer.

15.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 931-935, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489130

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the doctors' working enthusiasm and its influencing factors on county level hospitals.Methods 17 seminars were held in 8 counties of 3 provinces to investigate 1055 doctors with questionnaires, analyzing the three scales of working enthusiasm, working enthusiasm influencing factors, and changes since the 2009 new healthcare reform.Results Working enthusiasm comprises inner drive, working pleasure, work recognition and external recognition, and inner drive of which is found to play the most important part, with 20.55% variance contribution.Among the six dimensions of the influencing factors, working conditions rank the highest with 19.46% variance contribution.Conclusion Optimized measures in the healthcare reform, better working conditions and social environment can improve working enthusiasm of these doctors.

16.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 149-152, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439938

ABSTRACT

Based on special biological characteristics and prognosis, the incidence of gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma (GEJA) has rapidly increased over recent years, and its diagnosis and treatment remain controversial. Compared with simple surgery, neo-adjuvant and adjuvant therapies can improve the survival of patients with locally advanced GEJA. Under neo-adjuvant therapy, neo-adjuvant chemoradiation is superior to neo-adjuvant chemotherapy alone for improving the resectability, maintaining loco-regional control, and improving the quality of life of the patient. The combination of this therapy with targeted drugs may further increase the ef-ficacy of GEJA. Most data on GEJA-treated patients were obtained from randomized clinical studies on esophageal cancer or gastric cancer. Thus, prospective randomized controlled studies with a large sample size should be performed to optimize the strategy of neo-adjuvant and adjuvant therapies, and further improve the treatment outcome. In this article, studies on the comprehensive treatment of GEJA were reviewed.

17.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 187-190, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444161

ABSTRACT

Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is associated with tumor and (or) anti-tumor treatment,which has a high incidence and seriously affects the life quality of patients.The etiology of CRF involves psychology,physiology and social factors.There are various hypothesis of pathogenesis and the inflammatory system may play an important role in the generation and development of CRF.A variety of inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1β,IL-6,TNF-α,CRP are significantly correlated with CRF.

18.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 1214-1217, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457793

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT:To understand the status of contamination and antimicrobial resistance of Staphylococcus aureus (S .aureus) isolated from raw cow milk ,600 samples were collected from five different provinces in China .After isolation and identification of S .aureus from these samples ,157 S .aureus isolates were obtained .Furthermore ,their resistant phenotype and resistant gene were analyzed by MIC detection ,as well as nine drug‐resistance genes determination and analysis .The result revealed that most of the S .aureus isolates contained multiple antibiotic resistant genes ,and all of the isolates were resistant to penicillin . Of 98 .73% isolates were resistant to amoxicillin .Conversely ,all of the isolates were sensitive to enrofloxacin and vancomycin . Moreover ,there were 29 MRSA positive strains among which 22 strains carrying femA gene .In conclusion ,much more atten‐tion should be paid to the drug‐resistance capabilities of field S .aureus isolates in raw cow milk ,and further monitoring of drug resistant S .aureus strains in milk should also be strengthened so as to ensure milk safety .

19.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1252-1256, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456616

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the role of progesterone re-ceptor B ( PRB ) in regulation of medroxyprogesterone acetate ( MPA) sensitivity in endometrial cancer cells, and to investigate the effect of MPA on the biological character in Ishikawa cells infected with shRNA targe-ting PRB gene. Methods Ishikawa cells were stably transfected with PRB shRNA using lentivirus to knock-down endogenous PRB expression. Real-time fluores-cent quantitative PCR was applied to confirm the knockdown effect. MTT assay, flow cytometry and cell invasion assay were applied to detect the influence of MPA on endometrial cancer cell proliferation, apopto-sis and invasion. We also used Western blot assay to detect the effect of MPA induced the activation of ERK/MAPK signal pathway. Results Recombinant lentiviral vector expressing shRNA targeting PRB gene was successfully established, results of real-time PCR and Western blot showed that compared with control group, PRB expression in Ishikawa cells infected with shRNA decreased obviously ( P <0.01 ); MPA could repress endometrial cancer cells proliferation and inva-sion, meanwhile promoted its apoptosis ( P <0.01 ) . However, the effect was almost reverse in Ishikawa cells infected with shRNA. Furthermore, MPA induced ERK/MAPK activation in Ishikawa cells infected with shRNA. Conclusions PRB plays a role in regulating therapeutic sensitivity of MPA in endometrial cancer cells;and for Ishikawa cells infected with shRNA tar-geting PRB gene, MPA has effects on the biological character via pERK1/2-MAPK signal pathway.

20.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 177-179, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432118

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the value of hCG ratio of blood in peritoneal cavity versus venous blood (RPhCG/VhcG) in diagnosis of early ectopic pregnancy (EP).Methods From Mar.2009 to Oct.2012,268 cases with EP (EP group) and 53 women with intrauterine pregnancy with haemoperitoneum (hIUP) (hIUP group) from International Peace Maternity and Child Health Hospital of Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine,Shanghai 6th People Hospital and Shanghai Jiangwan Hospital were enrolled in this prospective study.The HCG of all subjective were measured in blood in peritonea cavity and venous blood,then calculate the ratio of RPhCG/VhCG.Scatter point analysis and ROC were used to differentiate EP,determine threshold of hlUP and evaluate the sensitivity,specificity and accuracy in diagnosis EP preoperatively.Results The mean RPhCG/VhCG; of EP group was 4.35,which was significantly higher than 0.81 in hIUP group (P < 0.01).Scatter point analysis showed that the threshold value of RPhCG/VhCG between ectopic pregnancy and hIUP was 1.0.The overall sensitivity of RPhCG/VhcG in the diagnosis of EP was 98%,the specificity was 100%,the positive predictive value was 100% and the negtive predictive value was 93%.Conclusion RPhCG/VhCG > 1.0 could be used to diagnose and differentiate EP from hIUP accurately.

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