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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837556

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    Through comparing the therapeutic efficacy of robot-assisted surgery (RS) and conventional surgery (CS) for mitral valve disease by meta-analysis to guide the choice of clinical operation. Methods    Databases including The Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMbase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), China Biology Medicine disc (CBMdisc) and Wanfang Database were searched by computer from inception to June 2020. The literature of efficacy comparison between RS and CS was collected. Two reviewers independently screened the literature according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, extracted the data, and evaluated the quality of the literature. Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.4 software. Results    We identified 11 studies of RS versus CS with 4 330 patients. Among them, 2 212 patients underwent RS and 2 118 underwent CS. Meta-analysis demonstrated that compared with the CS, RS had longer cross-clamp time (MD=25.00, 95%CI 15.04 to 34.95, P<0.000 01), cardiopulmonary bypass time (MD=44.11, 95%CI 29.26 to 58.96, P<0.000 01) and operation time (MD=46.40, 95%CI 31.55 to 61.26, P<0.000 01). However, ICU stay (MD=–22.13, 95%CI –31.88 to –12.38, P<0.000 01) and hospital stay (MD=–1.81, 95%CI –2.69 to –0.92, P<0.000 01) were significantly shorter in the RS group; and the incidences of blood transfusion (OR=0.38, 95%CI 0.16 to 0.89, P=0.03) and complications (OR=0.73, 95%CI 0.57 to 0.94, P=0.01) were significantly lower in the RS group. Conclusion    Although RS has a longer operation time than CS, it has less damage, less bleeding, faster recovery and better curative efficacy.

2.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1668-1671, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789925

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility of the Star-VIBE sequence in esophageal MRI,and compare it with the conventional VIBE sequence.Methods Fifteen healthy volunteers underwent Star-VIBE and VIBE sequences scanning after injecting MRI contrast agent.Two groups of MR images were independently scored in the ability to display esophageal wall,respiratory motion artifacts,cardiovascular pulsation artifacts,overall motion artifacts and overall image quality by the two radiologists,respectively.SNR of esophagus,CNR between esophagus and paravertebral muscles were measured and compared.Results Star-VIBE was superior to VIBE in the ability to display esophageal wall,respiratory motion artifacts,cardiovascular pulsation artifacts,overall motion artifacts and overall image quality (the ability to display esophageal wall:Z=-3.268,P=0.001;respiratory motion artifacts:Z=-3.205,P=0.001;cardiovascular pulsation artifacts:Z=-4.644, P=0.000;overall motion artifacts:Z=-3.904,P=0.000;overall image quality:Z=-2.808,P=0.005),while no significant differences were found on SNR and CNR between the two sequences (SNR:t=-1.5 3 9 ,P=0.1 3 5 ;CNR:t=-0.874,P=0.3 89 ).Conclusion The Star-VIBE sequence is insensitive to the physiological motion artifacts,and it can provide better image quality than the conventional VIBE sequence in esophageal MRI.

3.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 709-713, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696891

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the CT findings of poor-differentiated gastric neuroendocrine carcinomas (PD-NECs) and poordifferentiated gastric adenocarcinomas (PD-ADCs),and to increase the diagnostic accuracy rate.Methods In this retrospective study that enrolled 29 gastric PD-NECs and 29 gastric PD-ADCs,whose diagnoses were proven pathologically,we assessed their clinical characteristics and CT findings and then used univariate and multivariate analyses for statistical comparisons.Results The univariate analysis revealed that gastric PD-NECs were significantly smaller (P =0.002),more often showed well-defined margins (P<0.001),and more frequently accompanied with intact overlying mucosa on CT when compared with gastric PD-ADCs (P <0.001).In the multivariate analysis,the presence of intact overlying mucosa (OR=0.028,95 % CI:0.001-0.863,P =0.041) and tumor-to-mucosa HU ratio on the arterial phase (OR=0.015,95 % CI:0.000-0.495,P =0.019) were two independent factors affecting the identification of gastric PD-NECs and gastric PD-ADCs.Receiver operating characteristic analysis (ROC) showed that the value of tumor-to-mucosa H U ratio on the arterial phase in differentiating them was moderate (AUC=0.72).Conclusion Gastric PD-NECs have better-defined margin,more intact overlying mucosa and higher tumor-to-mucosa HU ratio on the arterial phase than gastric PD-ADCs.

4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging ; (12): 751-755,760, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706401

ABSTRACT

Purpose To explore the value of diffusion weighted imaging monoexponential and biexponential modelsin differentiating benign and malignant solitary pulmonary tumors.Materials and Methods Seventy-seven patients with pathologically confirmed solitary pulmonary tumors were enrolled in this study,a total of 96 lesions were studied,48 benign ones and 48 lung cancers (LC),including 19 cases of squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) and 28 cases of adenocarcinomas (Adeno-Ca).Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC),slowapparentdiffusion coefficient (Dslow),fast apparentdiffusion coefficient (Dfast) and fast diffusion ratio (f) were calculated with monoexponential and biexponential models for all the pulmonary tumors.Results The ADC and Dslow values of benign masses [ADC (1.37 ± 0.48)× 10-3 mm2/s;Dslow (1.34 ± 0.45)× 10-3 mm2/s] were both significantly higher than those of Adeno-Ca [ADC (1.19±0.23)×10-3 mm2/s;Dslow (1.12±0.35)×10-3 mm2/s] and SCC [ADC (1.13±0.28)×10-3 mm2/s;Dslow (1.02 ± 0.32)× 10-3 mm2/s].There was no significant difference in ADC and Dslow values between Adeno-Ca and SCC (P>0.05).The Dfast and f values of malignant masses were higher than benign ones,but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05).Dslow were both significantly higher in accuracy (72.2%) and sensitivity (91.3%) than other imaging indicators (accuracy:55.5%-68.0%;sensitivity:41.3%-78.3%;all P<0.01) in discriminating LC from benign masses showed by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis.Conclusion DWI biexponential model-derived Dslow shows greater accuracy than ADC in differentiating benign and malignant solitary pulmonary lesions.

5.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 566-570, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609092

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the correlations between the CT features and pathological classifications of gastroentric neuroendocrineneoplasm(GE-NEN) and to evaluate the association between prognostic value and CT features.Methods 45 cases pathologically and immunohistochemically proved GE-NEN were studied retrospectively.The correlation between the CT features (tumor's volume,shape,enhancement patterns and TNM stage) and pathological classifications was analyzed.Meanwhile,the association between the CT features and patients' overall survival was evaluated by Kaplan Meier method using Log-rank test and multivariate analysis in Cox proportional hazard model.Results The CT features were proved to be associated statistically with pathological classifications including the tumor's volume,shape,with or without areas of cystic change,necrosis or ulceration,T stage and lymphadenopathy (P < 0.05).On the other side,the patients' overall survivals were associated with age,pathological classifications,volume of tumors,with or without areas of cystic change,necrosis or ulceration and TNM stage.Age,areas of cystic change,necrosis or ulceration and metastases were the independent prognostic factors.Conclusion Contrast-enhanced CT can be useful in the classification of GE-NEN and predicting the patient's survival.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317573

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the long-term outcomes of laparoscopic low anterior resection of rectal carcinoma with preservation of the left colic artery(LCA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinicopathological and follow-up data of 322 cases with rectal carcinoma undergoing laparoscopic low anterior resection in Department of General Surgery, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2007 to December 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the different surgical methods of inferior mesenteric artery (IMA), cases were divided into the trial group (LCA preservation plus lymph nodes around IMA root dissection, 168 cases) and the control group(origin of IMA ligation, 154 cases). The 5-year rates of disease-free survival(DFS) and overall survival(OS) were compared between two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no statistically significant differences in the baseline data between the two groups. The follow-up rate was 91.1%(153/168) during 5-60 months in the trial group, and 90.3%(139/154) during 6-60 months in the control group. The number of patients who developed death, local recurrence and metastasis were 49(32.0%), 9(5.9%) and 62(40.5%) in the trial group, and 44(31.7%), 9(6.5%) and 52(37.4%) in the control group, respectively, without significant differences(all P>0.05). The 5-year DFS and OS rates were 57.2% and 69.5% in the trial group, and 59.7% and 70.1% in the control group, and the differences were not significant between the two groups(all P>0.05). After stratification by TNM stage, the 5-year DFS rates of I( stage, II( stage and III( stage were 80.4%, 62.5% and 45.1% in the trial group, and 82.6%, 66.0% and 48.8% in the control group; the 5-year OS rates of I( stage, II( stage and III( stage were 90.2%, 76.2% and 56.7% in the trial group, and 94.4%, 74.3% and 60.5% in the control group, respectively, and the differences were not significant as well (all P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The long-term outcomes after laparoscopic low anterior resection of rectal carcinoma with preservation of LCA and dissection of lymph nodes around root of IMA are comparable with ligation at origin of IMA.</p>

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621384

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the accuracy of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance (DCE-MRI) and SPECT in the measurement of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in renal allografts.Methods Sixty renal transplant recipients were enrolled in this study.DCE-MRI and SPECT were used to measure the GFR of the transplanted kidneys,and compared with the endogenous creatinine clearance rate (Ccr).Bias,precision,correlation and Bland-Altman agreement were calculated for each modality compared with the endogenous Ccr.Results In 60 renal transplant recipients,the corrected Ccr was (60.63 ± 24.83) ml · min-1 · 1.73 m-2.The GFR measured by SPECT was (65.31 ± 17.08) ml · min-1 · 1.73 m-2,and (50.44 ± 22.78) ml · min-1 · 1.73 m-2 by MRI,respectively.The bias of GFR-SPECT was 4.69 ml·min-1 · 1.73 m-2,and the precision was 23.76 ml·min-1 1.73 m-2.The bias of GFR-MRI was-10.18 ml·min-1 ·1.73 m-2,and the precision was 13.87 ml·min-1 · 1.73 m-2.Correlation analysis showed that GFR-MRI and the endogenous Ccr had a good correlation (r=0.833,P<0.01),GFR-SPECT and the endogenous Ccr had a moderate correlation (r=0.406,P<0.01),and GFR-MRI and GFR-MRI had a poor correlation (r=0.342,P <0.01).Bland-Altman analysis showed a confidence interval of 95.3 ml·min-1 ·1.73 m-2 for GFR-SPECT and 62.3 ml· min-1 · 1.73 m-2 for GFR-MRI.Conclusion DCE-MRI can be used as confidently as SPECT to evaluate the renal function of transplanted kidneys in the same time of determining anatomical information.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610967

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of 17β estradiol pretreatment on inflammatory responses during propofol-induced apoptosis in hippocampal nerve cells of developing rats.Methods Thirty-nine pathogen-free healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats,aged 7 days,weighing 11-18 g,were divided into 3 groups (n =13 each) using a random number table:fat emulsion group (group F),propofol group (group P) and propofol plus 17β estradiol group (group P+E).Propofol 75 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected once every 24 h for 7 consecutive days in group P,and the equal volume of fat emulsion was given instead in group F.In group P+E,17β estradiol 600 μg/kg was subcutaneously injected,and 30 min later propofol 75 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected once every 24 h for 7 consecutive days.The rats were sacrificed at 24 h after the last injection,the brains were removed and hippocampi were isolated for determination of activated caspase-3 expression (using Western blot) and interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) contents (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay).Results The levels of activated caspase-3,IL-1β and TNF-α in hippocampi were significantly higher in group P than in group F (P< 0.05).The levels of activated caspase-3,IL-1β and TNF-α in hippocampi were significantly lower in group P+E than in group P (P<0.05).Conclusion The mechanism by which 17β estradiol pretreatment inhibits propofol-induced apoptosis in hippocampal nerve cells is related to inhibition of inflammatory responses of developing rats.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303944

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the feasibility and safety of curved cutter stapler in laparoscopic curve resection for gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor(GIST).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective clinical study was carried out with the clinical data of 19 cases of gastric GIST, who received laparoscopic curve resection with the curved cutter stapler during the period between January 2015 and December 2015 in Department of General Surgery, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University. Curved cutter stapler was used intraoperatively to run curve resection for stomach, at least 0.5 cm away from the tumor outer margin. If the curved cutter stapler could not completely cut off the gastric wall at first time, the linear cutter stapler would be used secondly to cut off the remaining gastric wall.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the cases were successfully performed under laparoscopy, without conversion to open surgery and the occurrence of severe complications. Fourteen(73.7%) patients received complete transection by the first curved cutter stapler, the other 5(26.3%) cases accepted complete transection by the second linear cutter stapler. The operative time ranged from 50 to 100(71.8±12.7) minutes, the blood loss ranged from 20 to 50 (33.6±7.4) ml, the postoperative exhaust time ranged from 1 to 4 (2.4±0.9) days, the postoperative hospital stay ranged from 5 to 9(6.8±1.1) days. There was no patient suffered from incision infection, delayed gastric emptying, anastomotic leakage and anastomotic bleeding. The postoperative pathological examination confirmed that all the cases were GIST. The tumor length ranged from 1.5 to 5.5(2.9±1.1) cm, the resection margin ranged from 0.5 to 2.0(1.2±0.4) cm and all the patients had negative resection margins. Of the 19 cases, 8(42.1%) were classified as very low risk, 5(26.3%) as low risk, 5(26.3%) as moderate risk and 1(5.3%) as high risk according to the National Institute of Health classification. Six patients with moderate and high risk were treated with imatinib. In the follow-up time of 5 to 16 months(mean 10 months) after operation, no distant metastasis and local recurrence occurred in all the cases.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The application of curved cutter stapler in laparoscopic curve resection for GIST is safe and feasible with good short-term efficacy.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Anastomotic Leak , Female , Gastrectomy , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , General Surgery , Humans , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Operative Time , Postoperative Period , Retrospective Studies , Risk , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-638012

ABSTRACT

Background The use of adaptive optics (AO) system in ophthalmic clinic and basic studies has increased in recent years.However,there are few reports on the stability of ocular aberrations after correction.Objective This study was to analyze the stability of aberration after correction by observing the repeatability of ocular aberration measurements.Methods Forty-one postgraduate school students and volunteers who meet the conditions were included from February to April 2014.The Zernike aberration coefficients including astigmatism (Z2-2,Z22),defocus (Z02),trefoil (Z33,Z3-3),coma (Z3-1,Z13),spherical aberration (Z40) and the value of root mean square (RMS) including 3rd-order to 7th-order aberrations,total higher-order aberrations (HOAs) and total ocular aberrations (TOAs) were measured by using AO system.The repeatability and stability of these data after corrected with AO system were analyzed.The repeatability was evaluated by ANOVA,within-subject standard deviation (Sw),repeatability (r) and intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC).The stability was evaluated by the nonparametric Friedman's rank test.Results AO system showed excellent repeatability on Z2-2,Z22,Z20 and TOA RMS (ICC> 0.9),good repeatability on Z13,Z33,Z3-3,Z40,3rd-order RMS,4th-order RMS,HOA RMS (ICC > 0.75),poor repeatability on Z3-1,5th-order RMS,6th-order RMS,7th-order RMS (ICC < 0.75).Repeatability (2.77 Sw) values ranged from 0.009 mm (7th-order RMS) to 0.163 mm (Z31).After low-order ocular aberrations were corrected,It was founded that Z2-2,Z22 reached stable state at the 4th second;Z02 was stable at the 6th second;Z3-3 and Z33 reached stable state at the 4th second and third second,separately;Z13 was stable from 3rd-second to 9th-second,Z3-1 was stable at the 4th-second.Z40 and HOA RMS were stable at the third second and fifth second,respectively.The Z2-2,Z02,Z22,Z3-3,Z3-1,Z33,Z40 and HOA RMS were significantly different among different time points before and after low-order aberrations correction (all at P < 0.05).Z2-2,Z22,Z20 reached stable state at the 4th-second,3rd-second and 5th-second,respectively;Z3-3,Z33 reached stable state at the 2nd-second and 3rd-second,respectively;Z3-1and Z40 reached stable state at the 2nd-second;HOA RMS reached stable state at the 5th-second.Conclusions After correcting the human ocular aberration,different aberrations can reach stable state at different time.The time of Z02,Z22,Z3-3,Z3-1,Z40reaching stable state after 2nd-order to 5th-order ocular aberrations correction was earlier than those of lower-order aberrations correction.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341539

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To make a preliminary assessment of the feasibility of Endo GIATM Radial Reload with Tri-StapleTM Technology(Radial Reload) in laparoscopic anterior resection of low rectal cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 21 low rectal cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic anterior resection with the Radial Reload in our department between July 2014 and July 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the rectums were achieved complete transection by the first stapler device firing and all the operations were performed successfully. No patient were converted to open surgery. The operative time ranged from 110.0 to 180.0(140.5±16.6) minutes, the blood loss ranged from 50.0 to 100.0(66.8±11.4) ml, and the distal resection margin ranged from 1.0 to 3.0(1.8±0.7) cm. Tumor cells were not discovered in all the postoperative pathological samples of distal resection margin. Among 21 cases, stage I( was found in 14 cases, stage II( in 4 cases and stage III( in 3 cases. There were no anastomotic bleeding and anastomotic leakage. There was no local recurrence and distant metastasis during a median follow-up of 6 months(1 to 13 months) postoperatively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The application of Radial Reload in laparoscopic anterior resection of low rectal cancer is feasible with satisfactory efficacy.</p>


Subject(s)
Feasibility Studies , Humans , Laparoscopy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Operative Time , Rectal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Rectum , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Surgical Stapling
12.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1252-1256, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484075

ABSTRACT

Objective Dexmedetomidine is known to have a neuroprotective effect.The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of dexmedetomidine on ketamine-induced apoptosis of primarily cultured cortical neurons and its action mechanisms. Methods Rat cortical neurons were primarily cultured for 7 days and treated with ketamine (100μmol/L) and different concentrations of dexmedetomi-dine (0.001, 0.01, 0.1, and 1 μmol/L) for 24 hours, followed by measurement of the viability of the neurons by MTT assay.The neurons were divided into four groups:vehicle control, ketamine ( trea-ted with 100 μmol/L ketamine), dexmedetomidine+ketamine (DD+K, treated with 0.1 μmol/L DD and 100 μmol/L ketamine), and LY294002 ( treated with 0.1 μmol/L DD, 100 μmol/L ketamine, and 10 μmol/L LY294002) .After 24 hours of treatment, the apoptosis rate of the neurons was determined by Hoechst33258 staining, and the expressions of pAkt and cleaved-caspase-3 in the neu-rons detected by Western blot. Results The apoptosis rate of neurons was dramatically increased in the LY294002 and ketamine groups in comparison with the vehicle control and DD+K groups ([36.8 ±4.4] and [43.4 ±4.5]%vs [7.5 ±1.1] and [16.4 ± 3.6]%, P<0.01), the pAkt level remarkably decreased (0.26 ±0.02 and 0.15 ±0.01 vs 0.61 ±0.05 and 0.50 ±0.04, P<0.01), and the expression of cleaved caspase-3 significantly upregulated in the former two as compared with the latter two groups (0.40 ±0.02 and 0.65 ±0.03 vs 0.10 ±0.02 and 0.12 ±0.01, P<0.01). Conclusion Dexmedetomidine exerts a neuroprotec-tive effect against ketamine-induced apoptosis of neurons by activating the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway.

13.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 2033-2038, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479558

ABSTRACT

AIM:To observe the effect of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway on diabetic ulcer.METHODS:Diabetic animal model was established in the female Wistar rats by intraperitoneal injection of low-dose streptozotocin fol-lowing high-fat diet feeding.A circular wound was made on the dorsum of the rats in both control group and diabetic group. The condition of wound healing was recorded and the structures of the wound tissues were observed by HE staining in the 2 groups at 3, 7 and 14 d after wounding.The expression ofβ-catenin, GSK-3βand Rspo-3 at mRNA and protein levels in the wound tissues was detected by RT-PCR and ELISA.RESULTS:In diabetic group, the wound healing rate was lower (P<0.05), and the inflammatory cells, fibroblast cells and new capillaries in the wound tissues were fewer than those in control group.The expression of β-catenin and Rspo-3 at mRNA and protein levels in the wound tissues in control group was significantly higher than those in diabetic group, and the expression of GSK-3βwas exactly the opposite (P<0.05). CONCLUSION:The down-regulation of Wnt/β-catenin probably resultes from the decreased level of Rspo-3, which may be one of the reasons for delaying the diabetic ulcer healing.

14.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1312-1315,1333, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602311

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the predictive value of MRI features in the diagnosis of placenta increta/percreta preoperative-ly.Methods We retrospectively reviewed MRI of 39 pregnant women who were suspected to have placenta increta/percreta by the ultrasound previously.1 7 patients were defined as placenta increta/percreta according to the surgical-pathological results,while 22 patients were defined without abnormal placentation.We assessed the presence or absence of the specialized MRI features of placenta increta/percreta.The binary logistic regression analysis was used to determine the valuable MRI findings for predictive of placenta increta/percreta.Results The tenting of the superior wall of bladder or the infiltration of adjacent organs were the most useful signs to predict placenta percreta,with the highest odds ratio (OR)value of 70,P =0.008.The low signal intensity bands on T2 WI and focally interrupted interface of placenta/myometrial were valuable signs to the predictive of placenta increta,with the OR value of 6.4 and 5.6 respectively according to the univariate analysis.On multivariate regression analysis,the low signal intensity bands on T2WI was independent predictive factor for placenta increta(OR 6.6,P =0.02),while the focally interrupted interface of placen-ta/myometrial was not independent factor (OR 3.1 6,P =0.1 75).Conclusion The most useful predictive MRI features for placenta increta/percreta are tenting of the superior wall of bladder and the infiltration of adjacent organs,followed by the low signal intensity on T2 WI.The focally interrupted interface of placenta/myometrial is useful factor.

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 335-339, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432945

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence of contrast induced nephropathy (CIN) among different patient groups after contrast agent injection.Methods A total of 1243 patients were included in this study (male =694,female =549).The SCr level one week before and 72 hours after the CT examination and the incidence of CIN were recorded and comparison was made among groups according to sex,age,body mass index (BMI),the history of high blood pressure (HBP),diabetes mellitus (DM),chronic kidney disease (CKD),chronic heart failure (CHF),tumor,nephrotoxicity drug (NTD) usage.The frequency,type,dose and injection velocity of the contrast media(CM)were also recorded.Multivariate predictors of CIN were identified by Logistic regression using step-wise selection with entry and exit criteria of P <0.10,results were tabulated as odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI).Results Among 1243 consecutive patients,the incidence of CIN was 5.5% (68/1243).Patients with a history of HBP,DM,CHF,CKD or tumor presented with higher incidence of CIN than that of controls (5.9%,51/868 vs.4.5%,17/375).CIN developed in 9 of 203 patients (4.4%,9/203) with CKD and in 59 of 1040 patients (5.7%,59/1040)without CKD.There was no significant difference between the two groups(x2 =0.51,P =0.30).In CKD (-) group,the incidence of CIN was higher in females,patients with DM and patients using LOCM than those of males,DM (-) and using low osmolality contrast medium (IOCM) (P < 0.05),but there was no statistical significance in CKD (+) group.Logistic regression analysis showed that women,age ≥ 75 years,DM,LOCM,NTD,tumor,the time of using CM more than once per month were the most significant predictors of CIN (OR > 1).Conclusion Women,age ≥ 75 years,LOCM,NTD,tumor,and the frequency of using CM more than once per month were more likely to develop CIN.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-427203

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of different doses of dexmedetomidine on the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of sevoflurane required to inhibit the body movement evoked by skin incision.Methods ASA Ⅰ or Ⅱ patients of both sexes,aged 18-64 yr,with body mass index of 21-27 kg/m2,undegoing elective lower abdominal surgery under general anesthesia,were randomly divided into 4 groups:control group (group C) and different doses of dexmedetomidine groups (groups D1,D2 and D3 ).Dexmedetomidine 0.2,0.4 and 0.6 μg/kg in 15 ml of normal saline was infused over 30 min before induction of anesthesia in groups D1,D2 and D3 respectively.While 15 ml of normal saline was given instead in group C.Anesthesia was induced with inhalation of 8% sevoflurane.The patients were mechanically ventilated after tracheal intubation.Anesthesia was maintained with inhalation of sevoflurane.The initial end-tidal concentration of sevoflurane was set at 3.0%,3.0%,2.5%,2.0% in groups C,D1,D2 and D3 respectively.The ratio between the two successive concentrations was 0.9.Skin incision was made after 15 min of equilibratiton.At least 7 independent crossover pairs were observed in each group.The MAC of sevoflurane was the mean of the end-tidal concentration of sevoflurane of each crossover pair,and 95 % confidence interval (CI) was calculated.Results In groups C,D1,D2 and D3,18,20,20 and 22 patients were enrolled respectively.The MAC (95 % CI) of sevoflurane was 2.5 % (2.3 %-2.8 % ),1.5 % ( 1.3 %-1.7%),1.3% (1.0%-1.6%) and 1.1% (0.7%-1.5%) in groupsC,D1,D2 and D3 respectively.The MAC of sevoflurane was significantly lower in groups D1,D2,D3 than in group C,and in groups D2 and D3 than in group D1 ( P < 0.05).There was no significant difference in the MAC of sevoflurane between groups D2 and D3 ( P >0.05).Conclusion Dexmedetomidine 0.2,0.4,0.6 μg/kg can significantly decrease the MAC of sevoflurane required to inhibit the body movement evoked by skin incision in a dose-dependent manner.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425499

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate effects of anisodamine on myocardial caspase-1 and interleukin-18 expression following overtraining-induced acute myocardial injury in rats.Methods Forty-eight male Wistar rats weighing 200-220 g were randomly divided into 3 groups:group control (group C,n =8) ; group exhausting swim (group ES,n =24) and group anisodamine (group AD,n =16).The animal model of overtraining-induced acute myocardial injury was developed by exhausting swim The animals were forced to swim until they were exhausted.The animals sank to the bottom and no righting reflex or escape response was elicited when they were taken out of water in groups ES and AD.In group AD anisodamine 10 mg/kg was given intraperitoneally 20 min before overtraining.Blood samples were taken from inferior vena cava immediately (T1) and at 6 and 24 h after overtraining (T2,T3 ) in group ES and at T2,T3 in group AD for determination of serum cardiac troponin 1 (cTnI) concentration (by ELISA).The animals were sacrificed after blood sampling and myocardial specimens were obtained for microscopic examination and determination of caspase-1 and interleukin-18 expression (by immuno-histochemistry).ResultsOvertraining significantly increased serum cTnI concentration and up-regulated myocardial caspase-1 and interleukin-18 expression in group ES as compared with group C.Anisodamine significantly attenuated overtraining-induced increase in serum cTnI concentration and myocardial caspase-1 and interleukin-18 expression in group AD as compared with group ES.ConclusionAnisodamine can reduce overtraining-induced acute myocardial injury by down-regulating caspase-1 and interleukin-18 expression.

18.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1453-1455, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413753

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of P2X3 receptors in dorsal root ganglion in development of incisional pain in rats.Methods Twenty-four healthy male SD rats weighing 200-220 g were randomly divided into 3 groups(n = 8 each): control group(group C),incisional pain(group IP)and P2X3 receptor antagonist + IP group(group A).In group IP and A,a 1 cm longitudinal incision was made in the plantar surface of left hindpaw according to the method described by Brennan et al.in isoflurane-anesthetized rats.P2X3 receptor antagonist TNP-ATP 200 nmol was injected into the plantar surface of left hindpaw 30 min after plantar incision was made in group A,while equal volume of normal saline was given instead of TNP-ATP in group C and IP.The behavior of the hindpaw of the rats were assessed using cumulative pain score within 1 h after injection.The animals were sacri ficed 2 h after injection and the dorsal root ganglion was removed for determination of P2X3 receptor expression and intracellular Ca2+ concentrations.ResultsThe cumulative pain scores,P2X3 receptor expression and Ca2 + concentrations were significantly higher in group IP and A than in group C(P < 0.05).The cumulative pain scores,P2X3 receptor expression and Ca2+ concentrations were significantly lower in group A than in group IP(P <0.05).Conclusion P2X3 receptors in dorsal root ganglion is involved in the development of incisional pain through increasing intracellular Ca2+ concentrations in rats.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397819

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the difference of the left ventricular structure and diastolic func-tion in normotensive offspring with or without a family history of hypertension. Methods One hundred nor-motensive offspring were assessed. Fifty had a family history of hypertension (experimental group) and 50 had no family hi.history of hypertension (control group). By eehocardiography and Doppler tissue imaging, the following parameters of left ventricular structure and diastolic function were examined: interventricular septal thickness (IVST), left ventrieular posterior wall thickness (LVPWT), left ventricular internal dimension (LVIDed), left ventrieular mass index(LVMI) and E/A. Results Compared with control group, experimen-tal group had higher IVST, LVPWT and LVMI, lower peak velocity of the early diastolic wave (e) of mitral annulus, and lower e/a (P<0.05). No differences in LVIDed, left atrial diameter (LA),aortic dimension(AOD), E,A and E/A were found between the two groups. Conclusion The results indicate that genetic factor of parental hypertension influence left ventrieular structure and diastolic function in normotensive offspring, which may precede the elevation of blood pressure.

20.
China Pharmacy ; (12)2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-532303

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To introduce a self-cure method for the cough caused by cold.METHODS:By placing control group and trial group,30 cases(control group)were assigned to receive Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide oral liquid and 32 cases(trial group)to employ self-cure method for cough caused by cold.And a self-cure method for the cough caused by cold was induced.RESULTS & CONCLUSION:The practice of self-cure method can speed up the self-cure of cough caused by cold and this method deserves to be popularized.

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