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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 178-187, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978464

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the dynamic changes of the main chemical components and color characteristics of Polygoni Multiflori Radix(PMR) during the process of ancient classical nine-time repeating steaming and sun-drying, and to explore the correlation between the changes. MethodHigh performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) was used to determine the contents of gallic acid, stilbene glycoside, emodin-8-O-β-D-glucoside, physcion-8-O-β-D-glucoside, emodin and physcion in PMR during the process of nine-time repeating steaming and sun-drying, and electronic eye technology was used to objectively characterize the color of PMR during the process. Partial least squares(PLS) was used to analyze the correlation between the content of main components and the color characteristics. ResultDuring the nine-time repeating steaming and sun-drying process of PMR, the content of gallic acid gradually increased with the increase of steaming and sun-drying times, and the contents of other components showed fluctuating changes, with an overall decreasing trend in the contents of stilbene glycoside, emodin-8-O-β-D-glucoside and physcion-8-O-β-D-glucoside, and an overall increasing trend in the contents of emodin and physcion. The results of electronic eye analysis showed that the color of PMR became dark, red and blue in the process of nine-time repeating steaming and sun-drying. The results of hierarchical cluster analysis(HCA) and principal component analysis(PCA) of the contents of six main components and the colors showed that the samples steamed and sun-dried for one to four times could be grouped into one category, the other five categories of samples could be grouped into another category. Gallic acid and stilbene glycoside were significantly correlated with the color indexes of PMR during the process of nine-time repeating steaming and sun-drying. ConclusionThe general changes of material basis and color characteristics of PMR during the process of ancient classical nine-time repeating steaming and sun-drying have certain rules, and the establishment of the correlation model between color and index components can realize the judgment and quality evaluation of processing degree of PMR decoction pieces.

2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4902-4907, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008660

ABSTRACT

Malaria, one of the major global public health events, is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity among children and adults in tropical and subtropical regions(mainly in sub-Saharan Africa), threatening human health. It is well known that malaria can cause various complications including anemia, blackwater fever, cerebral malaria, and kidney damage. Conventionally, cardiac involvement has not been listed as a common reason affecting morbidity and mortality of malaria, which may be related to ignored cases or insufficient diagnosis. However, the serious clinical consequences such as acute coronary syndrome, heart failure, and malignant arrhythmia caused by malaria have aroused great concern. At present, antimalarials are commonly used for treating malaria in clinical practice. However, inappropriate medication can increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases and cause severe consequences. This review summarized the research advances in the cardiovascular complications including acute myocardial infarction, arrhythmia, hypertension, heart failure, and myocarditis in malaria. The possible mechanisms of cardiovascular diseases caused by malaria were systematically expounded from the hypotheses of cell adhesion, inflammation and cytokines, myocardial apoptosis induced by plasmodium toxin, cardiac injury secondary to acute renal failure, and thrombosis. Furthermore, the effects of quinolines, nucleoprotein synthesis inhibitors, and artemisinin and its derivatives on cardiac structure and function were summarized. Compared with the cardiac toxicity of quinolines in antimalarial therapy, the adverse effects of artemisinin-derived drugs on heart have not been reported in clinical studies. More importantly, the artemisinin-derived drugs demonstrate favorable application prospects in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases, and are expected to play a role in the treatment of malaria patients with cardiovascular diseases. This review provides reference for the prevention and treatment of malaria-related cardiovascular complications as well as the safe application of antimalarials.


Subject(s)
Child , Adult , Humans , Antimalarials/pharmacology , Cardiovascular Diseases/drug therapy , Artemisinins/pharmacology , Quinolines , Malaria, Cerebral/drug therapy , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/drug therapy
3.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 738-745, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996610

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To provide experimental data and theoretical support for further studying the maturity of cardiac patches in other in vitro experiments and the safety in other in vivo animal experiments, through standard chemically defined and small molecule-based induction protocol (CDM3) for promoting the differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) into myocardium, and preliminarily preparing cardiac patches. Methods    After resuscitation, culture and identification of hiPSCs, they were inoculated on the matrigel-coated polycaprolactone (PCL). After 24 hours, the cell growth was observed by DAPI fluorescence under a fluorescence microscope, and the stemness of hiPSCs was identified by OCT4 fluorescence. After fixation, electron microscope scanning was performed to observe the cell morphology on the surface of the patch. On the 1st, 3rd, 5th, and 7th days of culture, the cell viability was determined by CCK-8 method, and the growth curve was drawn to observe the cell growth and proliferation. After co-cultured with matrigel-coated PCL for 24 hours, hiPSCs were divided into a control group and a CDM3 group, and continued to culture for 6 days. On the 8th day, the cell growth was observed by DAPI fluorescence under a fluorescence microscope, and hiPSCs stemness was identified by OCT4 fluorescence, and cTnT and α-actin for cardiomyocyte marker identification. Results    Immunofluorescence of hiPSCs co-cultured with matrigel-coated PCL for 24 hours showed that OCT4 emitted green fluorescence, and hiPSCs remained stemness on matrigel-coated PCL scaffolds. DAPI emitted blue fluorescence: cells grew clonally with uniform cell morphology. Scanning electron microscope showed that hiPSCs adhered and grew on matrigel-coated PCL, the cell outline was clearly visible, and the morphology was normal. The cell viability assay by CCK-8 method showed that hiPSCs proliferated and grew on PCL scaffolds coated with matrigel. After 6 days of culture in the control group and the CDM3 group, immunofluorescence showed that the hiPSCs in the control group highly expressed the stem cell stemness marker OCT4, but did not express the cardiac markers cTnT and α-actin. The CDM3 group obviously expressed the cardiac markers cTnT and α-actin, but did not express the stem cell stemness marker OCT4. Conclusion    hiPSCs can proliferate and grow on matrigel-coated PCL. Under the influence of CDM3, hiPSCs can be differentiated into cardiomyocyte-like cells, and the preliminary preparation of cardiac patch can provide a better treatment method for further clinical treatment of cardiac infarction.

4.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 411-416, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996099

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the supervision mode and problems of intensive countywide medical communities and explore the methods and strategies to improve their supervision system.Methods:From March 2022 to May 2022, a stratified random sampling method was used and the intensive countywide medical communities in the province were selected for field study. In-depth interviews were made with the staff of the healthcare administration departments and health insurance agencies affiliated with intensive countywide medical communities, directors of general hospitals, directors of township hospitals, and heads of functional departments. These interviews mainly covered the principal entities of countywide medical community supervision, supervision measures and contents, supervision effects, supervision weaknesses, and how to improve internal and external supervision mechanisms. The interviews results were analyzed using thematic framework analysis and the data were subject to a descriptive analysis.Results:23 persons of five intensive countywide medical communities were selected for key person interview. The finalized framework of regulatory elements of intensive countywide medical communities consists of such five general themes as regulatory subjects, regulatory content, regulatory measures, regulatory effectiveness and existing problems, comprising 14 level-1 indicators and 52 level-2 indicators. The main regulatory bodies were mainly government departments (15 times), the regulatory content was focused on medical resources (10 times), the regulatory measures cover specific regulations (4 times), specific activities (4 times) and assessment and evaluation (4 times). And the regulatory effectiveness demonstrated a currently strong regulation strength of medical communities (5 times), and the existing problems were insufficient government supervision (12 times), difficulties encountered by social forces in their supervision (11 times) and internal governance (5 times).Conclusions:The supervision system of intensive countywide medical communities should be optimized by improving the governmental supervision mechanism, inviting supervision of social forces and building an effective internal governance.

5.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 404-410, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996098

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the evolution of China′s national-level healthcare sector regulatory policies between 2003 and 2021, and explore the characteristics and patterns of the use of policy instruments at different stages, for references in policy optimization.Methods:The policy documents related to the regulation of the healthcare sector released by the central government were searched from 2003 to 2021 from the policy document database of the State Council using the keywords " medical" " regulation" and " health" " regulation". Based on the analysis framework of " formulation subject-implementation subject-policy tools", such methods as content analysis, social network analysis, and policy tool analysis were used to analyze policy documents and conduct descriptive analysis of data.Results:A total of 236 policies were included in the study.From 2003 to 2008, according to the time progression, a total of 27 documents were issued, with the State Council as the main formulation subject (77.78%, 21/27), and the government as the main implementation subject (100.00%, 27/27). 191 policy tools were used, and the composition ratios of supply-based, demand-based, and environment-based policy instruments were 21.46% (41/191), 30.37% (58/191), and 48.17% (92/191). From 2009 to 2017, a total of 48 policies were issued, the formulation subject was mostly the State Council (93.75%, 45/48), and the implementation subject was still mostly the government (100.00%, 48/48), but the proportion of institutions (25.00%, 12/48), industry organizations (43.75%, 21/48) and the society (37.50%, 18/48) has increased. 500 policy tools were used, and the composition ratios of supply-based, demand-based, and environment-based policy instruments were 17.40% (87/500), 32.00% (160/500), and 50.60% (253/500), respectively.From 2018 to 2021, a total of 161 documents were issued, with the formulation subjects featuring multiple subjects (38.51%, 62/161), with a decrease in the percentage of the State Council′s issuance (22.36%, 36/161), and 157 (97.52%) policies were implemented by the government. 1 140 policy tools were used, and the composition ratios of supply-based, demand-based, and environment-based policy instruments being 18.42% (210/1 140), 34.74% (396/1 140), and 46.84% (534/1 140), respectively.Conclusions:From 2003 to 2021, there was an upward trend in the number of policies issued in the field of healthcare sector regulation in China, and the subjects of formulation and implementation were diversified. But the use of different types of policy instruments was uneven.

6.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 441-447, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995122

ABSTRACT

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection has spread worldwide and threatened human's health. With the passing of time, the epidemiology of coronavirus disease 2019 evolves and the knowledge of SARS-CoV-2 infection accumu-lates. To further improve the scientific and standardized diagnosis and treatment of maternal SARS-CoV-2 infection in China, the Chinese Society of Perinatal Medicine of Chinese Medical Association commissioned leading experts to develop the Recommendations for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Maternal SARS-CoV-2 Infection under the guidance of the Maternal and Child Health Department of the National Health Commission. This recommendations includes the epidemiology, diagnosis, management, maternal care, medication treatment, care of birth and newborns, and psychological support associated with maternal SARS-CoV-2 infection. It is hoped that the recommendations will effectively help the clinical management of maternal SARS-CoV-2 infection.

7.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 529-533, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003613

ABSTRACT

Parasite-derived non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) not only contribute to life activities of parasites, and microRNA (miRNA), long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), and circular RNA (circRNA) may generate a competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) regulatory network with host miRNAs and mRNAs via extracellular vesicles, thereby participating in infection and pathogenic processes. This article presents an overview of characterizing ncRNAs derived from parasites and the cross-species regulatory role of parasite-derived ncRNAs in host gene expression and its underlying mechanisms.

8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3934-3948, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981526

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of various oral Chinese patent medicines in the adjuvant treatment of rotavirus gastroenteritis(RVGE) in children based on network Meta-analysis. Randomized controlled trial(RCT) of oral Chinese patent medicine in the adjuvant treatment of RVGE in children was retrieved from the databases such as CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase, and Web of Science from database inception to October 22, 2022. The quality of the included RCT was evaluated according to the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool, and the data were analyzed by RevMan 5.4 and Stata 16 software. Sixty-three RCTs were included, with 11 oral Chinese patent medicines involved, including Xingpi Yanger Granules, Weichang'an Pills, Qiuxieling Mixture, Erxieting Granules, and Changyanning Granules/Syrup. The results of the network Meta-analysis showed that in terms of clinical total effective rate, the top 3 optimal interventions were Changyanning Granules/Syrup, Xiaoer Guangpo Zhixie Oral Liquid, and Xiaoer Shuangjie Zhixie Granules combined with conventional western medicine. In terms of the anti-diarrheal time, the top 3 optimal interventions were Shenling Baizhu Granules, Qiuxieling Mixture, and Shuangling Zhixie Oral Liquid combined with conventional western medicine. In terms of the antiemetic time, the top 3 optimal interventions were Changyanning Granules/Syrup, Xingpi Yanger Granules, and Xiaoer Shuangjie Zhixie Granules combined with conventional western medicine. In terms of the antipyretic time, the top 3 optimal interventions were Shenling Baizhu Granules, Xiaoer Shuangjie Zhixie Granules, and Qiuxieling Mixture combined with conventional western medicine. In terms of the negative conversion rate of rotavirus, the top 3 optimal interventions were Xingpi Yanger Granules, Erxieting Granules, and Cangling Zhixie Oral Liquid combined with conventional western medicine. In terms of reducing creatine kinase isoenzyme MB(CK-MB) level, the top 3 optimal interventions were Weichang'an Pills, Xingpi Yanger Granules, and Xiaoer Shuangjie Zhixie Granules combined with conventional western medicine. In terms of adverse reactions, no se-rious adverse reactions were reported in all studies. Oral Chinese patent medicines in the adjuvant treatment of children with RVGE have their own advantages, Specifically, Changyanning Granules/Syrup + conventional western medicine focuses on improving the clinical total effective rate and shortening the antiemetic time, Shenling Baizhu Granules + conventional western medicine on shortening the anti-diarrheal time and antipyretic time, Xingpi Yanger Granules + conventional western medicine on improving the negative conversion rate of rotavirus, and Weichang'an Pills + conventional western medicine on reducing the CK-MB level. Limited by the quantity and quality of literature included in this study, the results need to be verified by high-quality RCT with a larger sample size.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Adjuvants, Pharmaceutic , Antiemetics , Antipyretics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Enteritis/drug therapy , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs/therapeutic use , Rotavirus , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1600-1615, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982805

ABSTRACT

Both cholinergic dysfunction and protein citrullination are the hallmarks of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but the relationship between the two phenomena remains unclear. We explored whether and how cholinergic dysfunction accelerates protein citrullination and consequently drives the development of RA. Cholinergic function and protein citrullination levels in patients with RA and collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice were collected. In both neuron-macrophage coculture system and CIA mice, the effect of cholinergic dysfunction on protein citrullination and expression of peptidylarginine deiminases (PADs) was assessed by immunofluorescence. The key transcription factors for PAD4 expression were predicted and validated. Cholinergic dysfunction in the patients with RA and CIA mice negatively correlated with the degree of protein citrullination in synovial tissues. The cholinergic or alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) deactivation and activation resulted in the promotion and reduction of protein citrullination in vitro and in vivo, respectively. Especially, the activation deficiency of α7nAChR induced the earlier onset and aggravation of CIA. Furthermore, deactivation of α7nAChR increased the expression of PAD4 and specificity protein-3 (SP3) in vitro and in vivo. Our results suggest that cholinergic dysfunction-induced deficient α7nAChR activation, which induces the expression of SP3 and its downstream molecule PAD4, accelerating protein citrullination and the development of RA.

10.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 570-574, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995950

ABSTRACT

Integration of healthcare and prevention is key path to achieving the pattern of " macro healthcare, macro health". However, it is hard at present to fully integrate healthcare and prevention in China, mostly due to the lack of effective incentive compatibility strategies. Based on the incentive compatibility theory, this study proposed a multi-level principal-agent chain of healthcare and prevention integration. Taking the incentive transmission among stakeholders in the principal-agent chain as the analysis framework, the dilemma and causes of incentive incompatibility of healthcare and prevention integration were studied.Combined with the proctice of healthcare and prevention integration in Sanming city, the incentive compatibility strategies of healthcare and prevention integration were proposed at the level of government, medical institutions, medical staff, public health staff and residents. These strategies refer to coordinating the use of medical insurance funds and public health funds, strengthening organization management as well as assessment and incentive, rewarding health promotion management points, and setting up health science popularization teams.

11.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 494-499, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958819

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the willingness of county-level hospital physicians within a county medical alliance(alliance)to participate in county-township human resource integration for medical institutions, for furthering the development of such integration.Methods:Based on a discrete selection experiment, a questionnaire was designed for the selection of the work attributes that affect the participation of county-level hospital physicians in such an integration. On-the-job physicians from four county-level hospitals in a prefecture level city were selected by multi-stage stratified random sampling method as the survey objects, and a field questionnaire survey was conducted from November to December 2021. The mixed logit model was used to analyze the preference of physicians in county-level hospitals for five types of work attributes(work unit, monthly income, seniority required for professional title promotion, training opportunities, serving as middle-level and above administrators), the relative importance of each work attribute, and marginal willingness to pay with regard to their participation in the integration.Results:A total of 172 valid questionnaires were collected. When county-level hospital physicians participate in county-township human resource integration for medical institutions, their statistically significant job attributes and level preferences included monthly income, working unit of county-level hospitals, 7 years for professional title promotion, and more training opportunities ( P<0.001). The relative importance of monthly income ranked the highest among the five categories of work attributes, up to 55.55%. Conclusions:When physicians in county-level hospitals participate in the integration of county-township human resources, the most important was their monthly income, and economic incentives could enhance their willingness to participate.

12.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 321-326, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958782

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide reference for the sustainable development of county medical communities through analyzing key issues in the construction of such communities in China.Methods:Such Database websites as CNKI, Wanfang Data and VIP Information were selected to retrieve journal papers and dissertations with the keywords of " county medical community" " county medical alliance" " county medical and health community" and " medical alliance" . The time period ranged from the establishment of the database to December 2021. Content analysis and social network analysis were used to classify and sort key issues of county medical community construction in the included literature, and the descriptive analysis was used for all the data.Results:274 literatures were obtained in this study, 82 high-frequency issues were extracted for the construction process of county medical communities. It was divided into 3 dimensions of service system, operation mechanism and fund guarantee, including 14 items of integration of resources, integrated management, resource intensification, information construction, medical services, medical quality, family doctors, public health, management system, personnel system, salary system, supervision mechanism, medical insurance fund and financial input. The results of social network analysis showed that the top three high-frequency issues of point centrality and intermediary centrality were lack of highly unified information exchange platform (107.00, 514.48), insufficient service capacity of primary medical institutions (61.00, 238.48) and lack of sustainable benefit distribution mechanism (45.00, 192.38).Conclusions:The construction of county medical community covered three aspects: medical service system, operation mechanism and fund guarantee.The shortage of primary medical service capacity, the lack of coordination of an information platform, the general shortage of essential drugs, the imperfect internal assessment and incentive system, the imperfect supervision system and the imperfect medical insurance supporting policy becomed the main roadblocks in building county medical communities in China. In order to promote the sustainable development of county medical community, the authors recommend to further upgrade the county integrated medical service system, perfect the operation mechanism, and strengthen the input into county health care.

13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 116-121, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942336

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the flavor substances and change rules of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma during the process of nine-time repeating steaming and sun-drying. MethodThe flavor response values of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma samples were obtained by using PEN3 electronic nose system. The data were processed and analyzed by principal component analysis (PCA), linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and Loadings analysis. ResultRhei Radix et Rhizoma processed with nine-time repeating steaming and sun-drying could be effectively distinguished into two categories as the sixth sample was the turning point. The samples steamed and dried for one to five times could be grouped into one category, the other four samples were obviously distinguished from them. The main flavor components reached the maximum response in the sample processed with six-time repeating steaming and sun-drying, and its response value of inorganic sulfur compounds was about 2.7 times that of the sample processed with one-time repeating steaming and sun-drying. In addition, compared with the raw products, the flavors of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma processed with nine-time repeating steaming and sun-drying and wine stewing changed significantly, and the response value of inorganic sulfur compounds in sample processed with nine-time repeating steaming and sun-drying was about 2.2 times that of raw products. From the perspective of flavor analysis, the response values of inorganic sulfur compounds and nitrogen-oxygen compounds in sample processed with nine-time repeating steaming and sun-drying were higher than those of wine-stewed products, and the two were not completely equivalent. ConclusionElectronic nose technology preliminarily clarifies the dynamic change rules of the flavor of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma during the process of nine-time repeating steaming and sun-drying from the flavor characteristics, and clarifies the difference between products processed with nine-time repeating steaming and sun-drying and wine-stewed products from the odor characteristics, which lays a foundation for revealing the processing principle of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma processed with nine-time repeating steaming and sun-drying.

14.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 958-963, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934539

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the research hotspots and change trends of Sanming medical reform theory in China from 2013 to 2019, so as to provide reference for the relevant research of medical reform in China.Methods:The theoretical and empirical studies on Sanming medical reform from 2013 to 2019 in relevant databases at home and abroad were screened. The literature metrology method was used to analyze the overall trend of domestic literature. The keyword cloud method was used to analyze the research hotspots and main problems.Results:After screening, a total of 59 literatures were obtained. It was found that the reform of public hospitals was the hotspot of current research. Three medical linkage, governance system, annual salary system and medical insurance integration were the core contents of researches.Conclusions:The research of Sanming medical reform is in the initial stage of development. In the future, the research on medical reform can be further deepened around the relevant basic theories, normative and specific research, and so on.

15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4008-4015, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888127

ABSTRACT

To analyze the outcome indicators from the randomized controlled trials(RCTs) on traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) treatment for diabetic foot, and to lay a foundation for the establishment of the core index set of the clinical trials on TCM treatment of diabetic foot. Computer retrieval of RCTs on TCM treatment of diabetic foot was performed in CNKI, Wanfang, SinoMed, PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase and Web of Science databases. Literature screening and data extraction were conducted independently by two researchers in strict accordance with inclusion and exclusion criteria. Any difference was resolved through discussion. A total of 72 RCTs involving 5 791 patients were included and 204 indicators were used. The number of indicators used in a single study was 2-22, with an average of 3 indicators used for each RCT. The indicators with top 16 frequency were clinical total effective rate, ankle brachial index(ABI), ulcer area, TCM syndrome integral, fibrinogen(FIB), fasting blood glucose(FBG), plasma viscosity(PV), c-reactive protein(CRP), saccharification blood of eggs(HbAlc), 2 h postprandial blood glucose(2 hPG), wound healing time, triglyce-rides(TC), TCM efficacy for syndromes, total cholesterol(TG), percutaneous oxygen partial pressure(TCPO2) and TCM symptom scores. The difference in selection of RCT indicators was large among TCM treatment methods for diabetic foot, and the combination of outcome indicators was arbitrary. The description on indexes was not standardized. Some non-laboratory examination indicators, some indicators not recommended in guidelines or not recognized in clinical practice, and some self-made indicators were not explained in detail. There was a lack of standardized evaluation criteria for indicators. The indicators had large time-point difference in measurement, and the time points were not distinguished in the measurement for diabetic foot patients with different degrees of severity. In addition, the patients with long course of treatment weren't timely measured. The characteristics of TCM or significant endpoint indicators were insufficient. It was urgent to establish the core index set of TCM in treating diabetic foot.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Glucose , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Foot/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Treatment Outcome
16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6410-6416, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921800

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to investigate the flavor and taste change rules of Sophora Flavescentis Radix processed using the ancient classical method documented in Master Lei's Discourse on Medicinal Processing(Lei Gong Pao Zhi Lun). The Sophora Flavescentis Radix pieces and the corresponding test samples in each processing stage were first prepared based on the processing method for Sophora Flavescentis Radix recorded in Master Lei's Discourse on Medicinal Processing(Lei Gong Pao Zhi Lun). Then the flavors and tastes of Sophora Flavescentis Radix test samples undergoing the soaking in rice-washed water, washing with clean water, and steaming for different time were compared with the electronic nose and tongue. The results showed that in the preparation of Sophora Flavescentis Radix with the ancient method, such processes as soaking in rice-washed water and washing with clean water had no significant influences on the flavor, which, however, was weakened by steaming. In terms of the taste, soaking with rice-washed water enhanced the bitter taste of Sophora Flavescentis Radix, which remained unchanged after being washed with the clean water. The steaming would also diminish the bitter taste, making it taste similar to the original Sophora Flavescentis Radix medicinal materials. During the steaming for six to eight hours, the flavor did not vary significantly over time, while the bitter taste was first weakened and then intensified. The bitter taste of Sophora Flavescentis Radix steamed for six hours was similar to that steamed for eight hours. In addition, the differences in flavor and taste between Sophora Flavescentis Radix pieces processed by the ancient method in Master Lei's Discourse on Medicinal Processing(Lei Gong Pao Zhi Lun)and those by the modern method in the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia were analyzed. The findings demonstrated that the flavor of Sophora Flavescentis Radix pieces prepared by the ancient method was weaker than that by the modern method, whereas the bitter taste showed the opposite trend. The exploration on the flavor and taste change rules of Sophora Flavescentis Radix in its preparation by the ancient classical method and the differences in flavor and taste between Sophora Flavescentis Radix decoction pieces prepared by ancient and modern methods will lay a foundation for further elucidation of the scientific connotation of the ancient processing method and the medication principles of Sophora Flavescentis Radix in both ancient and modern times.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Electronic Nose , Plant Roots , Sophora , Taste
17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 95-104, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873286

ABSTRACT

Objective::To explore the effect of modified Qingyitang combined with continuous blood purification in the adjuvant treatment of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) complicated with multiple organ dysfunction (MODS) caused by heat accumulation of viscera. Method::Totally 100 cases of patients of SAP complicated with MODS, who were diagnosed as heat accumulation of viscera by traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) and treated in ICU of the First Affiliated Hospital of Hunan University of Chinese Medicine during May 2015 and May 2019, were randomly divided into two groups, namely control group and observation group, with 50 cases in each group. The patients in control group were treated with fasting and abstinence, gastrointestinal decompression, inhibition of trypsin secretion, gastric mucosal protection, early jejunal nutrition, reduction of inflammatory reaction, continuous blood purification (CBP), mechanical ventilation and circulatory support. The patients in observation group were treated by nasojejunal tube according to syndrome differentiation in addition to routine comprehensive therapy. Modified Qingyitang was injected for 7 days. The remission time of abdominal pain and distention, the time of first exhaust and defecation, the time of ICU residence, the number of samples falling off, the cause of death and the number of cases were recorded. Relevant indexes were measured before treatment, on the 3rd and 7th day of treatment, including the evaluation indexes of pancreatitis: blood amylase (AMS), blood lipase (LPS), and modified computed tomography severity index (MCTSI), inflammatory response indexes were interleukin-6 (IL-6) and hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP). Organ function indexes included APACHE-Ⅱ, arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2), oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), glutamyltransferase (γ-GGT), urine volume, creatinine (CREA), urea nitrogen (UREA), glomerular filtration rate (GFR), creatine kinase (CK), creatine kinase isoenzymes (CKMB), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), myoglobin (Mb). Tissue perfusion evaluation indexes included acute physiology and chronic health score, serum lactic acid (Lac) and central venous pressure (CVP). TCM treatment score was based on the syndrome score of acute pancreatitis with heat accumulation of viscera syndrome. Result::The total effective rate of TCM syndromes was 86.67%(39/45) in observation group and 73.91%(34/46) in control group (χ2 =13.524, P<0.01). On the 7th day of treatment, the symptoms and indicators of the two groups were improved. Compared with before treatment, AMS, LPS, IL-6, hs-CRP, MCTSI, APACHE-Ⅱ, Lac, CVP, PaO2, PaO2/FiO2, ALT and AST were improved on the 3rd and 7th day after treatment in observation group and control group. The levels of AMS, LPS, IL-6, hs-CRP, MCTSI, APACHE-Ⅱ, Lac, CVP, PaO2, PaO2/FiO2, ALT, AST, ALP, γ-GGT, urine volume were significantly improved (P<0.05). Compared with control group on the 3rd and 7th day, the levels of AMS, LPS, IL-6, hs-CRP, MCTSI, APACHE-Ⅱ, Lac, CVP, PaO2, PaO2/FiO2, ALT, AST, ALP, γ-GGT, urine volume were significantly improved (P<0.05). CREA, UREA, GFR, CK, CKMB, LDH and Mb were significantly improved (P<0.05). Compared with control group, the abdominal pain, abdominal distension relief time, first exhaust/defecation time, ICU stay time in observation group were significantly shortened (P<0.05), and the mortality rate in observation group was significantly reduced (P<0.05). Conclusion::Patients of SAP accompanied with MODS can be treated with blood purification combined with modified Qingyitang by promoting pancreas repair, inhibiting inflammation and improving organ function. It plays an important role in improving symptoms, alleviating TCM syndromes, delaying progression of disease, reducing hospital stay and reducing mortality.

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Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1836-1840, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825157

ABSTRACT

This paper mainly studied the effect of Xiyanping injection on the bacterial endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced fever in rabbits, preliminarily investigated the mechanisms, and provided pharmacological basis for the clinical application. The rabbit model of endotoxin-induced fever was established by using LPS as the inducer; The changes of rectal temperature were measured; The levels of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and phospholipaseA2 (PLA2) in the serum were measured; The levels of PGE2, cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), and arginine vasopressin (AVP) in cerebrospinal fluid as well as hypothalamus were detected. The animal welfare and experimental process are in accordance with the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of China Pharmaceutical University in this study. The results showed that Xiyanping injection (12.5, 25, and 50 mg·kg-1) could significantly reduce LPS-upregulated body temperature of rabbits, and the duration of action could reach 5.5-8.5 h. At the doses of 25 and 50 mg·kg-1, the antipyretic effect of Xiyanping injection was comparable to that of analgin injection (50 mg·kg-1). Furthermore, Xiyanping injection and analgin injection both reduced the levels of PGE2, IL-1β, TNF-α, and PLA2 in the serum of febrile rabbits to the varying degrees. In addition, Xiyanping injection also down-regulated the levels of PGE2, cAMP, and AVP in the hypothalamus, and PGE2 and cAMP in the cerebrospinal fluid. The level of AVP in the cerebrospinal fluid was up-regulated. This study indicated that Xiyanping injection could significantly improve the endotoxin-induced fever in rabbits, and mechanisms were closely related to the regulation of the levels of PGE2, TNF-α, IL-1β, PLA2, cAMP, and AVP in serum, hypothalamus, and cerebrospinal fluid.

19.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 357-361, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872291

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze key issues in the implementation process of the " Eight-integrations system" for close-type countywide medical alliances in Fujian province, and provide references for improving such a mechanism.Methods:Sixteen counties in the province were selected from October to December 2019 and materials were collected by means of interview, questionnaires and field survey. On such basis, the Meter-horn model was used to systematically analyze and evaluate the implementation status, and completion rate was used to describe the implementation of the " Eight-integration system" .Results:The average completion rate of the regions surveyed was 60.15%, of which the mountainous counties being 65.90%, and coastal counties being 47.50%. Of the eight regulations to be integrated, the aspects of better completion include institutions′ names(16 institutions, 100.00%), quality of care(13 institutions, 81.25%), promotions(12 institutions, 75.00%)、staff deployment(11 institutions, 68.75%) and financial management(10 institutions, 62.50%). Those of poor completion rates were drug supply(7 institutions, 43.75%), labor performance(6 institutions, 37.50%)and informationization development(3 institutions, 18.75%). Some of the counties staged localized measures to promote the " Eight-integration system" . Such factors as vague policy objectives, inadequate policy resources, lack of means, biased value orientations of the implementation entities, and complex socio-economic environments influence negatively effective implementation of the system.Conclusions:This system has not yet achieved the expected effects in the implementation process. We should improve the system implementation and its sustained operation by such means as clarifying policy objectives, broadening policy resources, enriching implementation means, enhancing experience exchange and optimizing policy environments.

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Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 591-594, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869416

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the prevalences of hypertension, rates of medication recommendations and failure rates of blood pressure(BP)control in Chinese elderly patients(≥65 years old).Methods:We used data from the 2011 China Health and Nutrition Survey(CHNS). A total of 2, 391 Chinese adults aged≥65 years with complete information comprising BP measurements repeated three times and antihypertensive medication use were included for analysis.Results:The mean age of subjects was 72.6±6.2 years, and females accounted for 53.1%.The numbers of patients with hypertension were 1784(74.6%)and 1221(51.1%)according to the definitions from 2017 ACC/AHA guideline and the 2010 Chinese guideline, respectively.There was a significant difference in the prevalence of hypertension in the subgroup with a cardiovascular disease(CVD)history according to the definitions from the two guidelines( χ2=23.70, P<0.01). The BP thresholds for drug therapy recommendations were the same as those set in the diagnostic criteria of hypertension based on the two guidelines.Therefore, the rates for medication recommendations were 74.6% and 51.1%, respectively.The numbers of patients with BP above the target levels were 622(88.2%)and 346(49.1%), respectively, according to the definitions from the two guidelines.There was no significant difference in failure rate of BP control due to age( χ2=5.36, P>0.05), gender( χ2=0.12, P>0.05)or a CVD history( χ2=0.07, P>0.05)according to analyses using the definitions from the two guidelines. Conclusions:Compared with the 2010 Chinese hypertension guideline, the prevalence of hypertension and rate of medication recommendations are higher in the Chinese elderly population when the 2017 ACC/AHA hypertension guideline is used.Hypertension management and antihypertensive drug treatment should be reinforced to improve the control rate of hypertension.

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